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Full text of "Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey"







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STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



T. F. F IT Z G E R A L D 



J328 ' CopyT^ 

M29U • '^ * i'lanual of bhe legisla- 
ture of New Jersey 



1903 



^.^^f Copy 3 
i^^29ii i'j. J. .xanual of the Legis- 
lature of llew Jersey 



AUTHOR 



1903 



TITLE 



DATE DUE 



BORROWERS NAME 




-/t/^i^d^^ ^ 



,^ C^ 



.^y2^/:L :i:Uf-^ 



New Jersey State Library 

Department of Education 

Trenton, New Jersey 08625 



(ft^ rMiMTis IK u.aJk 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



MANUAL 



OF THE 



Legislature of New Jersey 



One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh Session. 



1903. 



^e 




13 

n:i 7 r 



:) 



BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 
Copyright, 1899, by T. F. Fitzgerald. 




Trenton, N. J.: 
T. F. Fitzgerald, Legislative Reporter, 

Compiler and Publisher. 



Entered according to act of Congress, in 1899, by 

THOMAS F. FITZGERALD, 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



J8@"The newspaper press are welcome to use such parts of the 
work as thev may desire, on giving credit therefore to the MANUAL. 



MacCrellish & Quigley, Printers, 
Trenton, ^'. J. 



Calendar for i903* 



1903 

Jan. 


Pi 


a 

o 


1 


4 


1 

"l 


'r-t 

~2 


1 

1 


1903 


1 


o 




1 


1 


1 


. 1 
-2 

"1 


July 




4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 




5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 1 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 




25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


Aug 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


1 


Feb. 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 




23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


Mar. 
















Sep. 


30 


31 












1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 




29 


30 


31 




, , 








27 


28 


29 


30 


• • . 






Apr. 


, , 






1 


2 


3 


4 


Oct. 




, , 




, , 


1 


2 


3 




5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 




4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 








25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


May 












1 
8 


2 
9 


Nov. 
















3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 




15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


June 


31 














Dec. 


29 


30 












1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 




7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 




28 


29 


30 




... 








27 


28 


29 


*30 


31 


... 





PERPETUAL CALENDAR 



FOB ASCKRTAINING THE DAY OF THE WEEK FOR ANY YEAK 
BETWEEN 1700 AND 2499. 



Table of Dominical 
Lettero. 



YEAR OF the 
CENTURY, 

N. B.—A star- 
on the left 
denotes leap 
year. 



0*28 


*56 


1 


29 


57 


2 


30 


58 


3 


31 


59 


*4 


*32 


*60 


5 


33 


61 


6 


34 


62 


7 


35 


63 


*8 


*3fi 


*64 


9 37 


65 


10 38 


66 


11 39 


67 


*12*40 


*6S 


13 


41 


69 


14 


42 


70 


15 


43 


71 


ne 


*44 


*72 


17 


45 


73 


18 


4(5 


74 


19 


47 


75 


=1=20 


*4S 


*76 


21 


49 


77 


22 


60 


78 


23 


51 


79 


*24 


*52 


*80 


25 


53 


81 


26 


54 


82 


27 


55 


83 



*84 
85 
86 

87 

*8S 
89 
90 
91 

*92 
93 
94 
95 

*96 
97 
98 
99 



CENTUR 


Cs| 


o 


o 

CM 


o 

o 


O 
r-l 


1 


c 


E 


G 


a 


D 


F 


A 


C 


E 


G 


B 


D 


E 


G 


B 


U 


F 


A 


C 


E 


G 


B 


D 


F 


G 


B 


T) 


F 


A 


C 


E 


G 


B 


D 


F 


A 


B 


D 


F 


A 


C 


E 


G 


B 


I) 


E 


A 


C 


D 


F 


A 


C 


E 


G 


B 


D 


F 


A 


C 


E 


F 


A 





E 


G 


B 


D 


F 


A 


C 


E 


G 


A 





E 


(t 


B 


T) 


F 


A 


C 


E 


G 


B 



Month. 



Jan. Oct. 

Feb. Mar. Nov. 

Jan. Apr. July 

May 

June 

Feb. Aug. 

Sept. Pec. 



8 


15 


22 


9 


16 


23 


10 


17 


24 


11 


18 


25 


12 


19 


26 


13 


20 


27 


14 


21 


28 



Dominical Letter. 



A 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


G 


A 


B 


G 


1) 


K 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


G 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


F 


G 


A 
F 


B 

Th 


C 
W 


1) 
Tu 


s 


S 


M 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


A\' 


Tu 


M 


s 


S 


F 


Tii 


W 


Tu 


u 


S 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


IM 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


u 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


u 



Tu 

\v 

Til 
F 

S 

S 



EXPLANATION. 

Under the Century, and in the line Avith 
the Year of the Century, is the Dominical 
Letter of the Year. Then in the line with 
the month find the column coniaining 
this letter ; in this column, and in line 
with the day of the Month, is the day of 
the Week. In Leap Years, the letters for 
January and February are in the lines 
where these mouths are printed in Italics. 

EXAMPLES. 

For December 31st, 1875 : for 1875, the 
letter is C ; under C, in a line with 31, is 
Friday; and for January 1st, 1876, the 
letter is A ; under A, and in a line with 
1, is Saturday. 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



Within the limits of what is now the State of New Jer- 
sey, aside from any evidences of the presence of prehis- 
toric man in the "Trenton Gravels," the original inhabi- 
tants of the commonwealth were Lenni Lenape, or Dela- 
ware, Indians. This subdivision of the great Algonkin 
family occupied the river valleys of the State, had made 
some progress in agriculture and in elementary arts, were 
peaceable but small in numbers, and at last have become 
totally extinct in this portion of the United States. 

In its settlement. New Jersey was not an English colony. 
The claims of the Crown, based upon early discovery and 
various grants, were totally ignored by two great com- 
mercial nations of Europe— Holland and Sweden. It was 
not until 1664, practically a half century after the first 
occupancy of New Jersey by a white man, that England 
had aught more than a slight iniiuence upon the destinies 
of the State. In settlement, Holland was first to send out 
planters, under the auspices of the Dutch West India 
Company. Claiming both the valleys of the Hudson and 
the Delaware, by virtue of the explorations of Hudson and 
Me5% land was taken up upon the banks of the Hudson, 
Passaic, Hackensack, Raritan and smaller streams tribu- 
tary to New York harbor, as well as at Gloucester upon 
the Delaware. By 1630 these claims were well established 
by occupancy, and by the creation of a centre of local 
government in what Is now New York city. Upon the 
rapidly growing influence of Holland, Sweden looked with 
jealous eye. Gustavus Adolphus, in- his plan to make 
Sweden a world-power, saw the Dutch to be dangerous 
rivals in America. In 1638 there was equipped a Swedish 
expedition to settle the valley of the Delaware. What 
is now the State of Delaware, the valley of the Schuylkill 
and isolated portions of the west bank of the Delaware 
River were occupied, civil and military government was 
established, and the colony of farmers and traders entered 
upon a brief career of prosperity. The death of Gustiivus 
Adolphus, internal dissentions in Sweden, the inherent 
weakness of the Delaware settlements, and the constantly 
increasing power of Holland brought matters to a crisis. 
In 1655 New Sweden was conquered by New Netherlands, 

(7) 



8 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

and for nine years the soil of New Jersey was absolutely 
under Dutch control. 

Emerging from the interregnum of the Cromwells, the 
restoration of the House of Stuart brought peace to Eng- 
land. On the 12th of March, 1664, Charles TL, with royal 
disregard for previous patents, grants and charters, deeded 
to his brother James. Duke of York, a vast tract embrac- 
ing much of New England, New York and all of what is 
now New Jersey. This was accompanied by active prep- 
arations to drive the Dutch from America, as they, in 
alien claims to New Jersey, practically separated the New 
England colonies from Virginia, Maryland and the Caro- 
linas. Tn the summer of 1G64 armed vessels appeared in 
New York harbor. After negotiations, the Dutch sur- 
rendered and the power of Holland in North America be- 
came simply a matter of history. In the meantime Jam.es, 
Duke of York, transferred to two favorites of the House 
of Stuart— John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret — 
practically what is now the State of New Jersey. In 
honor of Carteret's defense of the Island of Jersey (Cae- 
sarea) during the Parliamentary wars, the territory was 
called New Jersey (Nova Caesarea). 

Carteret and Berkeley, in granting a liberal frame of 
government and extolling the advantages of their colony 
so well located for agricvilture, commerce, fishing and 
mining, attracted settlers not only from England, but 
from Scotland and New England, particularly Long Island 
and Connecticut. These planters were largely Calvinists, 
from Presbyterian and Congregational communities, and 
mainly occupied land in Newark, Elizabeth and upon the 
north shore of Monmouth county. The valley of the Dela- 
ware remained unsettled. The Calvinists brought into 
East Jersey distinctive views upon religious and civil mat- 
ters. Early legislatures punished many crimes by death, 
the penalties being similar to those of the Jewish dispen- 
sation, while the "town-meeting" strengthened the indi- 
vidual action of the small communities. There was an 
intense individualism in every phase of political and relig- 
ious development, the life of the people centering around 
the church and the school house, the head of both, as in 
New England, being the minister. 

In 1676 a division of the interests of Carteret and Berke- 
ley occurred. In the meantime Berkeley had disposed of 
his rights to a company of English Quakers, a conflict had 
ensued, and to establish the claims of all parties concerned, 
the two colonies of East and West Jersey came into 
existence. A line was drawn from a point in Little Egg 




z 



Q. 

O 

0) 

■♦-J 
ro 
+-' 

CO 
0) 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 9 

Harbor to the Delaware Water Gap, Berkeley and his 
assigns retaining- West Jersey as their moiety, Carteret 
obtaining East Jersey. 

By Berkeley's transfer the dominant influence in West 
Jersey was that of the Society of Friends. Salem was 
settled in 1675, Burlington, Gloucester and the site of Tren- 
ton about five years later, while within ten years there- 
after the "shore" communities of Ca,pe May and Tucker- 
ton came into existence. The Society of Friends estab- 
lished in West Jersey a series of communities in which 
the life of the people was different from that of East Jer- 
sey. As East Jersey resembled New England in civil gov- 
ernment, so West Jersey resembled Virginia. The political 
and social centres of the large plantations were the shire- 
towns, slave owning was common, a landed aristocracy 
was established, prominent families intermarried, and 
under the advice of William Penn and his friends good 
faith was kept with the Indians. Capital punishm.ent was 
practically unknown and disputes were settled frequently 
by arbitration. 

Two elements of discord marked the genesis of East Jer- 
sey and of West Jersey. One, external, was the attitude 
of the Duke of York after he became James II. In 1673 
New Jersey was recaptured by the Dutch, who held the 
colony until the early spring of 1674. A question arose as 
to the Duke of York's title after 1674, reconveyances were 
made, but in spite of past assurances, James II. claimed 
the proprietary right of government. To that end Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was commissioned Governor of New Jersey, 
and a climax was reached in 16S0 when the proprietary 
governor of East Jersey was carried prisoner to New York. 
In 1681 the Crown recognized the justice of the proprietors' 
contention, and local government was re-established, but 
not before the seeds of discontent were sown that bore 
fruit in the Revolutionary War. 

An internal disturbance was a contest between the 
Boards of Proprietors and the small land owners. Both 
in East and West Jersey, Carteret and Berkeley and their 
assigns had transferred to wealthy combinations of capi- 
talists—most of whom were non-residents— much of the 
broad acreage of the colonies. With the land went the 
right of selection of Governors and of members of Execu- 
tive Councils, which right Berkeley and Carteret had 
derived from the Crown. This, with "quit-rent" agita- 
tions in East Jersey, led to much bitterness. Finally, dis- 
gusted with turmoil, and viewing a sentiment of revolt 
on the part of the people, the Boards of Proprietors sur- 



10 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

rendered to the Crown, in 1702, their rights of government, 
retaining only their interest in the soil. East and West 
Jersey were united, and the two provinces became the 
royal colony of New Jersey. 

From 1702 until the outbreak of the Revolution the polit- 
ical history of the colony was quite uneventful. Through- 
out the period of seventy-five years there was almost con- 
stant friction between the Legislature and the Governor 
and his Council. The governors, in the main, were Crown 
favorites sent over the sea without a personal knowledge 
of the colony and with but an ill-concealed ambition to 
wrest from the people as much money as could be secured 
for the support of themselves and the executive office. 
The Councils, composed of wealthy land owners of the 
Society of Friends and rich merchants from East Jersey, 
were quiescent, and even the members of the popular 
branch of the Legislature were chosen by those possessing 
property qualifications. The small non-voting farmers 
raised the cry of "aristocracy," and the equivalent of 
"taxation without representation." and while loyal to the 
Crown were open in their expressions of dissatisfaction 
to the personal attitude of their governors. In 173S New- 
Jersey, in recognition of this sentiment, was given a gov- 
ernor separate from the one appointed jointly for the colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey. 

During this period the farm was the centre of the activi- 
ties of the life of the people; particularly was this true in 
the western part of the colony, where favoring climate 
and soil, slave labor and the proximity of Philadelphia led 
to abundant crops and a good market. In East Jersey a 
commercial spirit was more active. Perth Amboy threat- 
ened to rival New York, and Jersey ships from Newark, 
Elizabeth and the Monmouth villages were to be found 
from Boston to Charleston. The repressive economic 
policy of the Crown precluded the development of manu- 
factures. In the southern part of the State, sand and un- 
limited forests of oak and pine led to the development of 
glass making, while "bog iron," with abundance of lime 
from oyster shells, gave an impetus to the erection of 
forges and bloomaries. These, as well as the copper mines 
of the trap rock region, were throttled by adverse Parlia- 
mentary legislation. Ship building was a recognized in- 
dustry, and cedar was extensively "mined" from the 
sunken forests of the tide-water district. Whaling and 
other fisheries were unhampered, and were profitable, as 
was also the trade in skins and in hay from the salt 
meadows of the coast. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 11 

Throughout the years from 1702 to 1776 gold and silver 
and copper money was scarce. In obedience to the de- 
mand of the English merchants that competition should 
be crushed, legislation was enacted to draw "hard" money 
away from the colony. An inflated paper currency, first 
issued in 1707 to provide ways and means to aid the Cana- 
dian expedition against the French, poured from the 
printing presses. Trade was reduced to barter, and gold, 
silver and copper were practically at a premium for nearly 
three generations. 

Of the more prominent incidents during the period were 
the organized attempts to suppress piracy in New York 
and Delaware bays, the growth of a well-defined system 
of transportation by land and water between New York 
and Philadelphia, the establishment of ferries and post 
roads, the reclamation of waste land, the injection of 
Hugenot, Scotch-Irish and Palatinate German elements 
into the settled population, the chartering of Princeton 
University and Rutgers College, the religious revival led 
by Whitefield, the propogation of abolition doctrines by 
Woolman, the erection of a series of barracks owing to the 
French and Indian war, and what is probably of supreme 
importance, the growth of a sentiment of independence 
fostered by the stupid policy of the Crown, and carried 
from hamlet to hamlet, as much by itinerant hawkers and 
by "Redemptioners," who had served their time, as by any 
other cause. 

The opening of the Revolution found New Jersey's senti- 
ment unevenly crystalized. Few, if any, were favoring 
absolute independence. There were three elements. One, 
the Tory party, was led by Governor William Franklin, 
the illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. This conserva- 
tive class embraced nearly all the Episcopalians, a vast 
proportion 'of the non-combatant members of the Society 
of Friends and some East Jersey Calvinists. Another ele- 
ment was composed of men of various shades of belief, 
some in favor of continual protest, others desirous of com- 
promise. This included at the outbreak of the struggle 
most of the Calvinists, some few Quakers of the younger 
generation, and the Scotch-Irish. The third party drew 
its support from a few bold, aggressive spirits of influence 
whose following included men who believed that war 
for independence would benefit their fortunes. 

The part played in the Revolution by New Jersey has 
been frequently told. Events passed rapidly after the 
affairs of Trenton and Princeton; Monmouth and Red Bank 
will never be forgotten, while the raids at Salem, Spring- 



12 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

field, Elizabeth, in the valley of the Hackensack, and the 
winter at Morristown are a part of national history. Oc- 
cupying a position between New York and Philadelphia, 
its soil was a theatre where the drama of war was always 
presented. At no time was the Tory element suppressed, 
finding its expression in open hostility, or in the barbaric 
cruelties of the "Pine Robbers" of Monmouth, Burlington, 
Gloucester and Salem counties. Though under suspicion, 
the Society of Friends were neutral, for conscience sake, 
remaining close to the teachings of their creed. 

The close of the struggle found the people of New Jersey 
jubilant and not disposed to relinquish their sovereignty. 
The Articles of Confederation were weak and had become 
a by-word and a jest. There was much State pride and 
much aristocratic feeling among the old families who con- 
tinued to dominate State politics. The Constitution of 1776, 
adopted by New Jersey as a makeshift war measure, pro- 
vided that all State officers of prominence should be elected 
by a Legislature, which was chosen by voters possessing 
property qualifications. As in the colony, the Governor 
was Chancellor, and class distinctions were closely drawn. 
In spite of agitation, all proposed changes were rejected, 
and a strong federal union with the other States was 
viewed with dislike and suspicion. The State, in a quarrel 
with New York, at one time refused to obey the requests 
of Congress, and, in the exercise of her sovereignty, estab- 
lished a Court of Adm.iralty and coined money. 

While the spirit of "State rights" was dominant, it was 
recognized by leaders of public thought that New Jersey 
was too weak to stand alone. She entered the Annapolis 
convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation, 
and whose lasting monument was the present Federal 
Constitution adopted in Philadelphia in 1787. Upon the 15th 
of June of that year the "New Jersey Plan" was pre- 
sented, which, while lost as a measure, led to the famous 
compromise upon representation, whereby in the Senate 
of the United States the States were given equal vote, with 
a representation based on population in the House. 

The adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
led to the rapid growth of political parties in New Jersey 
as elsewhere. In spite of the intense conservatism of the 
State, led by the Quakers of West Jersey, who were Fed- 
eralists almost to a man, the anti-Federalist sentiment de- 
veloped rapidly, spurred by a virulent party press, the 
death of men who had been trained in colonial methods of 
thought and the democratic tendency of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which grew in strength in West Jersey. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 13 

In the eastern part of the State there was among- the indi- 
vidualistic Calvinists a strong anti-Federal spirit. This, 
in 1800, led to the election of Thomas Jefferson as President 
of the United States, and in ISOl the election of his political 
ally, Joseph Bloomfield, as Governor of the State of New 
Jersey. The death of Hamilton at the hands of Burr, and 
the death of Livingston, the "war" Governor, tore down 
the strongest pillars of Federalism in New Jersey, and led 
to the absolute domination of the State by the anti-Feder- 
alists, who held power until the outbreak of the second war 
with England. 

The period from 1790 to 1812 in New Jersey was marked 
by a demand for internal improvements and better trans- 
portation. The agitation concerning the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal, Stevens' experiments in 1802 with steam, 
along the lines laid down in 1785 by Fitch, the project of 
the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures at Pat- 
erson as early as 1791, and highways conducted through the 
northwest portion of the State, indicate the trend of public 
sentiment. 

The second war with England was not altogether a pop- 
ular measure in New Jersey. The Federalists, the "Peace 
Party," secured control of the Legislature and elected 
their Governor. Nevertheless the State furnished her 
quota of troops. The one permanent effect of the struggle 
upon the State was indirect. Owing to the movement of 
supplies and the necessity of quick transportation between 
Philadelphia and the exposed port of New York, the wagon 
roads between Bordentown and Perth Amboy, and between 
Trenton, New Brunswick, Metuchen, Rahway, Elizabeth 
and Newark, were improved and their advantages as 
"short routes" demonstrated. Upon these lines two later 
railroads, now a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, 
were constructed. 

The era following the close of the war of 1812 until the 
opening of the Civil War was one of stupendous activity. 
Interrupted only by the financial depressions of 1817 and 
1837, and slightly retarded by the Mexican War, the pro- 
gress of the State was beyond the wildest dreams of the 
enthusiast, Alexander Hamilton. In the eastern part of 
the State, aided by a constantly increasing foreign popula- 
tion, Jersey City rose from the marshes, Newark grew 
toward her present greatness, Paterson became a centre 
of industry, while in the west, Camden was recognized as 
an available site for manufactures. The public school 
system was established and extended, reforms in the car- 
ing for the criminal, defective, delinquent and dependent 



14 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

classes were instituted, railroads were reaching every town 
of size, in the vicinity of New York and Philadelphia, fer- 
ries were erected, banks established, post offices opened 
and newspapers printed. In 1844, when social unrest was 
most marked, the present State Constitution was adopted 
by a large popular majority and needed reforms tending to 
elevate the legal position of married women, imprisoned 
debtors and bankrupts were adopted. 

The year 1860 brought a termination to the then impend- 
ing conflict. While every other State north of Mason and 
Dixon's line by 1850 had set the black man free, there were 
still 236 negroes in bondage in New Jersey. The abolition 
movement made slow progress and an anti-war party had 
a decided following. But when the die was cast New Jer- 
sey responded to the call for men and money. She fur- 
nished 88,305 men, or within 10,501 of her entire militia. For 
organizing, subsisting, supplying, supporting and trans- 
porting her troops she paid $2,894,385, and upon the field 
sustained the reputation for bravery she had won during 
the days of Trenton and Monmouth. 

Since the Civil War New Jersey has become the centre 
of marvelous activity in nearly every line of human pro- 
gress. Her mills clothe multitudes; within her borders are 
found the termini of every railroad system of the United 
States, with one exception, penetrating the South and 
West; her market gardens feed 5,000,000 people; a series of 
cities arisen upon the desolate sands of the sea shore fur- 
nish health and pleasure to hundreds of thousands of vis- 
itors; her mines supply iron, zinc and copper; her fisheries 
are world-famous, and her farms and dairies are models. 



CHRONOLOGICAL LISTOF GOVERNORS OF NEW JERSEY. 

GOVERNORS OF EAST JERSEY. 

Philip Carteret 1665 to 1681 

Robert Barclay 1682 to 1683 

Thomas Rudyard, Deputy Governor 1683 

Gaw^en Laurie 1683 

Lord Niel Campbell 1685 

Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse 1698 to 1699 

GOVERNORS OF WEST JERSEY. 

Samuel Jenings, Deputy 1681 

Thomas Oliver, Governor 1684 to 1685 

.Gl.n Skein, Deputy 1685 to 1687 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 15 

William Welsh, Deputy 1686 

Daniel Coxe. Governor 1687 

Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse, Deputy 1697 to 1699 

Andrew Hamilton, Governor, 1699 till surrender 

to the Crown 1702 

EAST AND WEST JERSEY UNITED. 

Edward, Lord Cornbury, Governor 1703 to 1708 

John, Lord Lovelace (.died in office) 1708 

Richard Ingoldsby,, Lieutenant-Governor 1709 to 1710 

General Robert Hunter 1710 to 1719 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1719 to 1720 

William Burnet 1720 to 1727 

John Montgomerie 1728 to 1731 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1731 to 1732 

William Crosby 1732 to 1736 

John Anderson (President of Council) 1736 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1736 to 1738 

(The foregoing were also Governors of New York at the 
same time.) 

SEPARATE FROM NEW YORK. 

Lewis Morris 1738 to 1746 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1746 to 1747 

John Reading (President of Council) 1747 

Jonathan Belcher 1747 to 1757 

Thomas Pownall, Lieutenant-Governor 1757 

John Reading (President of Council) 1757 to 1758 

Francis Bernard 1758 to 1760 

Thomas Boone 1760 to 1761 

Josiah Hardy 1761 to 1763 

William Franklin 1763 to 1776 

FROM THE ADOPTION OF THE STATE CONST!- ' 
TUTION. 

William Livingston (Federalist) 1776 to 1790 

William Paterson (Federalist) 1790 to 1792 

Richard Howell (Federalist) 1792 to 1801 

Joseph Bloomficld (Dem.ocrat) 1801 to 1802 

John Lambert, President of Council and Acting 

Governor (Democrat) 1802 to 1803 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1803 to 1812 

Aaron Ogden (Federalist) , . . 1813 to 1813 

William S. Pennington (Democrat) 1813 to 1815 

Mahlon Dickerson (Democrat) 181? to 1817 

Isaac H. Williamson (Federalist) 1^17 to 1829 



16 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

Garret D. Wall (Democrat) 1829 decl'd 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1829 to 1832 

Samuel L. Southard (Whig) 1832 to 1833 

Elias P. Seeley (Whig) 1833 to 1833 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1833 to 183C 

Philemon Dickerson (Democrat) 1836 to 1837 

William Pennington (Whig) 1837 to 1843 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1843 to 1844 

Charles C. Stratton (Whig) 1845 to 1848 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1848 to 1851 

George F. Fort (Democrat) 1851 to 1854 

Rodman M. Price (Democrat) 1854 to 1857 

William A. Newell (Republican) 1857 to 1860 

Charles S. Olden (Republican) 1860 to 1863 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1863 to 1866 

Marcus L. Ward (Republican) 1866 to 1SG9 

Theodore F, Randolph (Democrat) 1869 to 1872 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1872 to 1875 

Joseph D. Bedle (Democrat) 1875 to 1878 

George B. McClellan (Democrat) 1878 to 1881 

George C. Ludlow (Democrat) 1881 to 1884 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1884 to 1887 

Robert S. Green (Democrat) 1887 to 1890 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1890 to 1893 

George T. Werts (Democrat) 1893 to 1896 

John W. Griggs (Republican) 1896 to 1898 

Foster M. Voorhees (Rep.). Acting Governor... 

Feb. 1, '98, to Oct. 18, *98 

David O. Watkins (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Oct. 18, '98, to Jan. 16, '99 

♦Foster M. Voorhees (Republican) 1899 to 1902 

Franklin Murphy (Republican) 1902 to 



♦President of the Senate William M. Johnson served as 
Acting Governor from May 21 to June 19, 1900, when Gov- 
ernor Voorhees was absent from the State. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 17 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



The following is a list of the United States Senators for 
New Jersey from 1789 to date: 

Jonathan Elmer, March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1791. 
William Paterson, March 4, 1789, to November 23, 1790. 
Philemon Dickinson, November 23, 1790, to March 3, 1793. 
John Rutherford, March 4, 1791, to December 5, 1798. 
Frederick Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1793, to November 12, 

1796. 
Richard Stockton, November 12, 1796, to March 3, 1799. 
Franklin Davenijort, December 5, 1798, to February 14, 1799. 
James Schureman, February 14, 1799, to February 26, 1801. 
Jonathan Dayton, March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1805. 
Aaron Ogden, February 26, 1801, to March 3, 1803. 
John Condit, September 1, 1803, to March 3, 1809. 
Aaron Kitchell. March 4, 1805, to March 21, 1809. 
John Lambert, March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1815. 
John Condit, March 21, 1809, to March 3, 1817. 
James Jefferson Wilson, March 4, 1815, to January 26, 1821. 
Mahlon Dickerson, March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1829. 
Samuel L. Southard, January 26, 1821, to November 12, 1823. 
Joseph Mcllvaine, November 12, 1823, to November 10, 1826. 
Ephraim Bateman, November 10, 18i5, to January 30, 1829. 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1835. 
Mahlon Dickerson, January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833. 
Samuel L. Southard, March 4, 1833, to June 26, 1842. 
Garret D. Wall, March 4, 1835, to March 3, 1841. 
Jacob W. Miller, March 4, 1841, to March 3. 1853. 
William L. Davton. Julv 2. 1842, to March 3, 1851. 
Jacob W. Miller. Januarv 4, 1841. to March 3, 1853. 
Robert F. Stockton. March 4. 1851, to February 11, 1853. 
William Wright, March 4, 1853, to March 3. 1859. 
John R. Thomson (died), February 11, 1853, to December, 

1862. 
Richard S. Field (vacancy), December 12, 1862, to January 

13, 1863. 
John C. Ten Eyck. from March 17. 1859, to March 3. 1865. 
James W. Wall (vacancy), January 14. 1863, to March 3, 1863. 
William Wright, March 4. 1863. to November, 1866. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, November, 1866. to March 3, 1869. 
John P. Stockton. March 4. 1865, to March 27. 1866. 
Alexander G. Cattell, March 27. 1866. to March 3. 1871. 
John P. Stockton. March 4. 1869, to March 3, 1875. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen. March 4. 1871. to March 3, 1877. 
T. F. Randolph. March 4. 1875. to March 3, 1881. 
John R. McPherson, March 4. 1877. to March 3. 1895. 
William J. Sewell, March 4. 1881, to March 3. 1887. 
Rufus Blodgett, March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1893. 
James Smith, Jr.. March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1899. 
William J. Sewell. March 4, 1S95, to December 26, 1901. 

John Kean. March 4, 1899, to . 

John F. Dryden, February 4, 1902, to . 



18 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 



When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which 
have connected them with another, and to assume, among 
the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to 
which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, 
a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that 
they should declare the causes which impel them to the 
separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are 
created equal ; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; that am.ong these are life, lib- 
erty and the pursuits of happiness. That, to secure these 
rights, governments are instituted among men. deriving 
their just powers from the consent of the governed; that 
whenever any form of government becomes destructive of 
these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish 
it, and to institute a new government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their 
safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that 
governments long established should not be changed for 
light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience 
hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, 
while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which thej' are accustomed. But, 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing in- 
variably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them 
under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, 
to throw off such government, and to provide new guards 
for their future security. Such has been the patient suffer- 
ance of these colonies, and such is now the necessity which 
constrains them to alter their former systems of govern- 
ment. The history of the present king of Great Britain is 
a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, 
in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny 
over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to 
a candid v/orld: 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome 
and necessary for the public good. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 13 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of imme- 
diate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their 
operations till his assent should be obtained; and when so 
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would re- 
linquish the right of representation in the Legislature— a 
right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places un- 
usual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of 
their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them 
into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for 
opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights 
of the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative 
powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the 
people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in 
the meantime, exposed to all the dangers of invasions from 
without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for the nat- 
uralization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to en- 
courage their migration hither, and raising the conditions 
of new appropriations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of 
their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and cat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our Legislatures. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, 
and superior to, the civil pov/er. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitutions, and unacknowledged by 
our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended leg- 
islation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us; 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, 
for any murders which they should commit on the inhab- 
itants of these States; 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world; 



20 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent; 

For depriving us. in many cases, of the benefit of trial by 
jury; 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses; 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a 
neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary 
government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render 
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing 
the same absolute rule into these colonies; 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments; 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring 
themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all 
cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned 
our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny, already begun, with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidj' scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrection among us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and con- 
ditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered Only by repeated injury. A 
prince whose character is thus marked by every act which 
maj' define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been v.'anting in our attentions to our Brit- 
ish brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of 
attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the clr- 
lumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We 
have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, 
and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common 
kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inev- 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



21 



itably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, 
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consan- 
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, 
which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we 
hold the rest of manliind, enemies in war, in peace, friends. 
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States 
of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to 
the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our 
intentions, do. in the name and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and de- 
clare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought 
to be. Free and Independent States; that they are also ab- 
solved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that 
all political connection between them and the State of 
Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and 
that, as Free and Independent States, they have full power 
to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish 
commerce, and do all other acts and things which Inde- 
pendent States may of right do. And, for the support of 
this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of 
Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our 
lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



Georgia- 
Button Gwinnett. 
Lyman Hall. 
Geo. Walton. 

South Carolina — 

Edward Rutledge. 
Thos. Hayward, Jr. 
Thomas Lynch, Jr. 
Arthur Middleton. 

Virginia- 
George Wythe. 
Richard Henry Lee. 
Thos. Jefferson. 
Benjan. Harrison. 
Thos. Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. 
Carter Braxton. 

Delaware — 

Caesar Rodney. 
Geo. Read. 

New Jersey— 

Richd. Stockton. 
Jno. Witherspoon. 
Fras. Hopkinson. 
John Hart. 
Abra. Clark. 



Maryland- 
Samuel Chase. 
Wm. Paca. 
Thos. Stone. 
Charles Carroll, 

of Carrollton. 

Pennsylvania— 

Robt. Morris. 
Benjamin Rush. 
Benja. Franklin. 
John Morton. 
Thomas McKean, 
Geo. Clymer. 
Jas. Smith. 
Geo. Taylor. 
James Wilson. 
Geo. Ross. 

New York— 
Wm. Floyd. 
Phil. Livingston. 
Fran's Lewis. 
Lewis Morris. 

New Hampshire— 

Josiah Bartlett. 
Wm. Whipple. 
Matthew Thornton. 



22 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

Massachusetts Bay— Rhode Island and Provi- 

Saml. Adams. dence, &c. — 

John Adams. Step. Hopkins. 

Robt. Treat Paine. William Ellery, 

Elbridge Gerry. ^ *.• 4. 

"^ Connecticut- 
North Carolina— Roger Sherman. 
Wm. Hooper. Saml. Huntington. 
Joseph Hewes. Wm. Williams. 
John Penn. Oliver Wolcott. 

Ordered: IN CONGRESS, January 18, 1777. 

That an authenticated copy of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendency, with the names of the Members of Congress 
subscribing the same, be sent to each of the United States, 
and that they be desired to have the same put on record. 

By order of Congress. JOHN HANCOCK, 

Attest, Chas. Thomson, A true copy. President. 

Secy. John Hancock, 

Presidt. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 23 

CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA* 



We, the people of the United States, in order to form a 
more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tran- 
.quillity, provide for the common defense, promote the gen- 
eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to our- 
selves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Con- 
stitution of the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 

LEGISLATIVE POWERS. 

Section I. 

All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a 
Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

1. The house of representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several States; and the electors in each State shall have 
the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislature. 

MEMBERS' QUALIFICATIONS. 

2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he 
shall be chosen. 

RULE OF APPORTIONING REPRESENTATIVES 
AND DIRECT TAXES. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several States which may be included within 



^^This Constitution went into operation on the first Wed- 
nesday in March, 1789. 



24 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

this Union, according to their respective numbers, which 
shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free 
persons, including those bound to service for a term of 
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all 
other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term 
of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. 
The number of representatives shall not exceed one for 
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least 
one representative; and until such enumeration shall be 
made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, 
six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, 
one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; 
South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. 

FILLING OF VACANCIES. 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation of any 
State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

OFFICERS— IMPEACHMENT. 

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers, and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

SENATE— HOW COMPOSED. 

Section HI. 

1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of 

two senators from each State, chosen by the legislature 

thereof, for six years, and each senator shall have one 

vote. 

ROTATION OF SENATORS. 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
second year;- of the second class, at the expiration of the 
fourth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year. And if vacancies happen by resignation, or 
otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any 
State, the executive thereof may make temporary appoint- 
ments until the next meeting of the legislature, which 
shall then fill such vacancies. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 25 

THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a 
citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when 
elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall 
be chosen, 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be presi- 
dent of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be 
equally divided. 

SENATE OFFICERS. 

5. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-Presi- 
dent, or when he shall exercise the office of President of 
the United States. 

THE SENATE'S POWERS. 

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im- 
peachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be 
on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United 
States is tried, the chief justice shall preside. And no 
person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under 
the United States; but the party convicted shall, never- 
theless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judg- 
ment and punishment according to law. 

MEMBERS OF CONGRESS— HOW ELECTED. 
Section IV. 

1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for 
senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each 
State, by the legislature thereof; but the congress may, at 
any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing senators. 

WHEN CONGRESS SHALL MEET. 

2. Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 



26 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF EACH HOUSE. 

Section V. 

1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in 
such manner and under such penalties as each house may 
provide. 

RULES, &C. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

JOURNALS. 

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 

from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 

as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas 

and nays of the members of each house, on any question, 

shall, at the desire of one-flfth of those present, be entered 

on the journal. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

4. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

COMPENSATION, PRIVILEGES AND INCAPACITIES. 

Section VI. 

1. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be a,scertained by law, and 
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, 
in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to 
and returning from the sam.e; and for any speech or de- 
bate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

APPOINTMENT TO OFFICE. 

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased, during such time; and no person holding any office 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 27 

under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

REVENUE BILLS. 

Section VII. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house 
of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

PASSING BILLS, &C. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the house of repre- 
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, 
be presented to the President of the United States; if he 
approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origi- 
nated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour- 
nal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsid- 
eration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall be- 
come a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses 
shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of 
the persons voting for and against the bill shall be en- 
tered on the journal of each house respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had 
signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, pre- 
vent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 

ORDERS AND RESOLUTIONS. 

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concur- 
rence of the senate and house of representatives may be 
necessary (except on the question of adjournment), shall 
be presented to the President of the United States, and 
before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by 
him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, ac- 
cording to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section VIII. 
The congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, 
to pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and 



28 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, im- 
posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United 
States. 

2. To borrow money on the credit of United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and 
uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 
the United States; 

5. To coin money, regula.te the value thereof, and of for- 
eign coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

G. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the 
securities and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish post offices and post roads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed 
on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, 
and make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of 
the land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the 
laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel in- 
vasions ; 

16. To provide for organizinz, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as maj' be 
employed in the service of the United States, reserving to 
the States, respectively, the appointment of the officers, 
and the authority of training the militia according to the 
discipline prescribed by congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatso- 
ever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square), 
as may, by cession of particular States, and the accept- 
ance of congress, become the seat of government of the 
United States; and to exercise like authority over all places 
purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, maga- 
zines, arsenals, dock-yards and other needful buildings; 
and — 

18. To make all laws w^hich shall be necessary and proper, 



©ONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 29 

for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the govern- 
ment of the United States, or in any department or officer 
thereof. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section IX. 

1. The migration or importation of such persons as p.ny 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, 
shall not be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year 
one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty 
may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten 
dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, 
the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law shall be 
passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless 
in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore 
directed to be taken. 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from 
any State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over 
those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one 
State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in 
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. 

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 
States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust 
under them, shall, without the consent of the congress, 
accept of any present, emolument, office or title of any kind 
whatever, from any king, prince or foreign State. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF INDI- 
VIDUAL STATES. 

Section X. 

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or con- 
federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the congress, 



30 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except 
what may be absolutely necessary for executing its in- 
spection laws; and the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for 
the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such 
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of congress, lay 
any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war. 
unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will 
not admit delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER. 

Section I. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of 
the United States of America. He shall hold his ofRce dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

HOW ELECTED. 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legis- 
lature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to 
the whole number of senators and representatives to which 
the State may be entitled in congress; but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGES. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and 
vote by ballot, tor two persons, of whom one, at least, shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. 
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and 
of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign 
and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the president of 
the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all 
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The 
person having the greatest number of votes shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole num- 
ber of electors appointed; and if there be more than one 
who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the house of representatives shall immediately 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 31 

choose by ballot, one of them for President; and if no per- 
son have a majority, then from the five highest on the 
list, the said house shall in like manner choose the Presi- 
dent. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a ma- 
jority of the States shall be necessary to a choice. In 
every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall 
be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from 
them, by ballot, the Vice-President. [See Xllth amend- 
ment.] 

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes, 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

WHO MAY BE ELECTED PRESIDENT. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of 
the United States at the time of the adoption of this con- 
stitution, shall be eligible to the gffice of President; neither 
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not 
have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been 
fourteen years a resident within the United States. [See 
Xllth amendment.] 

ON THE DEATH, REMOVAL, &C., OF THE PRESI- 
DENT, THE POWERS AND DUTIES DE- 
VOLVE UPON THE VICE- 
PRESIDENT. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or 
of his death, resignation or inability to discharge the pow- 
ers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on 
the Vice-President; and the congress may, by law, provide 
for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, 
both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what 
officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
President shall be elected. 

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall neither be increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected; and he shall not receive, within that period, 



32 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

any other emolument from the United States or any of 
them. 

S. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

THE OATH. 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend 
the constitution of the United States." 

POWERS, &C., OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section II. 

1. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army 
and na\^ of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing-, of 
the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating- to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and 
pardons for offenses against the United States, except in 
cases of impeachment. 

TREATIES, AMBASSADORS, &C. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds 
of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and 
by and with the advice and consent of the senate shall 
appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, 
judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the 
United States whose appointments are not herein other- 
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. 
But the congress may, by law, vest the appointment of 
such inferior officers as they think proper in the President 
alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of department. 

APPOINTING POWER. 

3. Ttie President shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions, which shall expire at the end of their 
next session. 

DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 

Section IH. 

He shall, from time to time, give to the congress infor- 
mation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 




0) 
Si 

E 

OS 

O 



C 
V 
CO 

z 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 33 

consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary 
and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, con- 
vene both houses, or either of them; and in case of disa- 
greem.ent between ^hem with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the 
United States. 

IMPEACHMENT, &C. 

Section IV. 

The President, Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or other high 
crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

Section I. 

The judicial power of the United States shall be vested 
in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the 
congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The 
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold 
their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their service a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

EXTENT OF THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

(See Amendments, Art. XI.) 

Section II. 

1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and 
equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the 
United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
or other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more States; between a State and citizens 
of another State; between citizens of different States; be- 
tween citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens or subjects. 



34 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ORIGINAL AND APPELLATE JURISDICTION OP 
THE SUPREME COURT. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, and those in which a State shall be 
party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. 
In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court 
shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, 
with such exceptions and under such regulations as the 
congress shall make. 

TRIALS FOR CRIMES. 

3. The trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeach- 
ment, shall be by jurj', and such trial shall be held in the 
State where the said crime shall have been committed; but 
when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at 
such place or places as the congress may by law have 
directed. 

TREASON— WHAT AND HOW PUNISHED. 

Section III. 

1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in 
levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or* on confession in open court. 

2. The congress shall have power to declare the punish- 
ment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work 
corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of 
the person attainted. 

ARTICLE IV. 

ACTS, RECORDS, &C., OF EACH STATE. 

Section I. 

Full faith and credit shall be given, in each State, to the 
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the congress may, by general laws, prescribe 
the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings 
shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

PRIVILEGES OF CITIZENS. 

Section II. 

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privi- 
leges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 35 

FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority 
of the State from v.^hich he fled, be delivered up, to be 
removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. 

SERVANTS, &C., TO BE SURRENDERED ON CLAIM. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under 
the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conse- 
quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged 
from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on 
claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be 
due. 

HOW NEW STATES ARE ADMITTED. 
Section III. 

1. New States may be admitted by the congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within 
the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States, without the consent of the legislatures of the 
States concerned, as well as of the congress. 

THE DISPOSITION OP TERRITORIES. 

2. The congress shall have power to dispose of, and make 
all needful rules and regulations respecting, the territory 
or other property belonging to the United States; and 
nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to 
prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par- 
ticular State. 

GUARANTY AND PROTECTION OF THE STATES 
BY THE UNION. 

Section IV. 

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature or of the executive (when the legislature can- 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 



36 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE V. 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION- 
HOW MADE. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution; or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for 
proposing amendments, which in either case shall be valid, 
to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, 
when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, 
as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the congress; provided, that no amendment which 
may be made prior to the year eighteen hundred and eight 
shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in 
the ninth section of the first article, and that no State, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

FORMER DEBTS VALID. 
Section I. 

All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be- 
fore the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valid 
against the United States under this constitution as under 
the confederation. 

THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND. 
Section II. 

This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH NO RELIGIOUS TEST. 
Section III. 

The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State legislatures, and all ex- 
ecutive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



37 



be required as a qualification to any office of public trust 
under the United States. 



ARTICLE VII. 

WHEN THE CONSTITUTION TO TAKE EFFECT. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution be- 
tween the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in the convention, by the unanimous consent of the 
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
seven, and of the independence of the United States of 
America the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 

names. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



New Hampshire — 
John Langdon, 
Nicholas Gilman. 

Massachusetts- 
Nathaniel Gorman, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut — 

William Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman. 

New York- 
Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey- 
William Livingston, 
David Brearle, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Ddjyton. 

Pennsylvania- 
Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas Mifflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer, 
Thomas Fitzsimons, 
Jared IngersoU, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morris. 



Attest I 

William Jackson, 

Secretary. 



Delaware- 
George Reed, 
Gunning Bedford, Jun., 
John Dickinson, 
Richard Bassett, 
Jacob Broom. 

Maryland— 

Dan'l of St. Thos. Jeni- 
fer, 
James McHenry, 
Daniel Carroll. 

Virginia- 
John Blair, 
James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina — 
William Blunt, 
Rich'd Dobbs Spaight, 
Hugh Williamson. 

South Carolina- 
John Rutledge, 
Chas. Coatesworth Pinck- 

ney, 
Charles Pinckney, 
Pierce Butler. 

Georgia- 
William Pew, 
Abraham Baldwin. 



38 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



AMENDMENTS 



TO THE CONSTITUTION of the United States, Ratified 
According- to the Provisions of the Fifth Article of the 
Foregoing Constitution. 



The following articles proposed by congress, in addition 
to and amendments of the constitution of the United 
States, having been ratified by the legislatures of three- 
fourths of the States, are become a part of the consti- 
tution. 

First Congress, First Session, March 5th, 1789. 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHT OF CONSCIENCE, FREEDOM OF THE 
PRESS. &C. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging- the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE IL 

OF THE MILITIA. 
A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

OF QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 
No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any 
house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OF UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 39 

and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affir- 
mation, and particularly describing- the place to be 
searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

OF CRIMES AND INDICTMENTS. 

No person shall be held to answA' for a capital, or other- 
v/ise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land 
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service 
in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be 
subject, for the same offense, to be twice put in jeopardy 
of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be witness against himself; nor to be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor 
shall private property be taken for public use without just 
compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of 
the State and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining 
witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- 
sel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

OF TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be other- 
wise re-examined in any court of the United States, than 
according to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

OF BAILS, FINES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 



40 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE IX. 

RESERVED RIGHTS. 

The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others, retained 
by the people. 

AI^TICLE X. 

POWERS NOT DELEGATED RESERVED. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved 
to the States respectively, or to the people. 

Third Congress, Second Session, December 2d, 1783. 

ARTICLE XL 

THE JUDICIAL POWER— SEE ART. 3, SEC. 2. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States, by citizens 
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
State. 

Eighth Congress. First Session, October 17th, 1803. 

ARTICLE XII. 

HOW THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 
ARE ELECTED. 

The electors shall meet in their respective States,* and 
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
State with themselves; thej^ shall name, in their ballots, 
the person voted for as President, and in distmct ballots 
the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, 
and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and 
certify, and transmit sealed.t to the seat of the government 
uf the United States, directed to the president of the sen- 



*On the first Wednesday in December, by act of Congress, 
1st March, 1792. 

tBefore the 1st Wednesday in January, by act of Con- 
gress, 1st March, 1792, 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 41 

ate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of 
the senate and house of representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates,* and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having- the greatest number of votes for President shall 
be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed. And if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having- the hig-hest num- 
bers, not exceeding- three, on the list of those voted for as 
President, the house of representatives shall choose imme- 
diately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the Presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having- one vote; a quorum for this pur- 
pose shall consist of a member or members from t-wo- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall 
be necessary to a choice; and if the house of representa- 
tives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of a 
choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of 
March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the President. The person having the 
greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the 
Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineli- 
gible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of 
Vice-President of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED— 13TH AMENDMENT, 

PASSED 1865. 

Section I. 

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a 
punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been 
duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 
place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Section II. 

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 



*0n the 2d Wednesday in February, by the same act. 



42 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

CITIZENS AND THEIR RIGHTS— 14TH AMENDMENT. 

Section I. 

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No 
State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, 
liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. 

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective number, counting the 
whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed; but whenever the right to vote at any election 
for electors of President and Vice-President, or for United 
States representatives in congress, executive and judicial 
officers, or the members of the legislature thereof, is de- 
nied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, 
or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebel- 
lion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of 
such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 



DISABILITY OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE 
REBELLION. 

Section III. 

No person shall be a senator or representative in con- 
gress, elector of President and Vice President, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a 
member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any State to support the constitution 
of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or 
rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof; but congress may, by a vote of two-thirds 
of each house, remove such disability. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 43 

VALIDITY OF PUBLIC DEBT NOT TO BE QUES- 
TIONED. 

Section IV. 

The validity of the public debt of the United States au- 
thorized by law, including debts incurred for the payment 
of pensions and bounties for service in suppressing insur- 
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned, but neither 
the LTnited States nor any State shall assume or pay any 
debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel- 
lion against the United States, or claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations 
and claim^s shall be held illegal and void. 

Section V. 

The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropri- 
ate legislation, the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE XV. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE NOT TO BE IMPAIRED. 

Section I. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State, on account of race, color or previous condition of 
servitude. 

Section II. 

The congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

[The fifteenth amendment passed at the Fortieth Con- 
gress.] 



44 PRESIDENTS. 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Tear of 

Qualilication. Name. Where From. Term of Office. 

1789 — George Washington... Virginia 8 years. 

1797 — John Adams Massachusetts.. 4 years. 

1801 Thomas Jefferson Virginia 8 years. 

1S09 — James Madison Virginia 8 years. 

1817 — James Monroe Virginia S years. 

1824 — John Quincj' Adams.. Massachusetts.. 4 years. 

1829 Andrew Jackson Tennessee 8 years. 

1837 — Martin Van Buren New York 4 years. 

1841 — Wm. Henry Harrison*. Ohio 1 month. 

1841 — John Tyler Virginia 3 yr., 11 mos. 

1845 James Knox Polk Tennessee 4 years. 

1849 Zachary Ta.ylort Louisiana lyr., 4mo., 5d 

1850. ...Millard Fillmore New York 2y., 7m., 26d. 

1853 Franklin Pierce N. Hampshire. .. 4 years. 

1857 James Buchanan Pennsylvania 4 years. 

1861 Abraham Lincoln^ Illinois 4y., Im., lOd. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee Zy., 10m., 20d 

1869 — Ulysses S. Grant Illinois G years. 

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes.. Ohio 4 years. 

1881.... James A. Garfield**... Ohio 6m., 15d. 

1881 — Chester A. Arthur New York .3y., 5m., 15d. 

1885 — Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1889 — Benjamin Harrison Indiana 4 years. 

1893 Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1897.... William McKinleytt- • -Ohio 4y., 5m., lid. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt. . .New York 

♦Died in office April 4, 1841, when Vice-President Tyler 
succeeded him. 

tDied in office July 9, 1850, when Vice-President Fillmore 
succeeded him. 

tAssassinated April 14. 1865: died April 15, 1865, when Vice- 
President Johnson succeeded him. 

**Assassinated July 2, 1881; died September 19, 1881, when 
Vice-President Arthur succeeded him. 

ttAssassinated September 6. 1901; died September 14, 
1901, when Vice-President Roosevelt succeeded him. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS, 45 



VICE-PRESIDENTS OF UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. 

1789 John Adams Massachusetts. 

1797 .Thomas Jefferson Virginia. 

1801 Aaron Burr New York. 

1804 George Clinton New York. 

1813 Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts. 

1817 Daniel D. Tompkins New York. 

1824 John C. Calhoun South Carolina. 

1833 , Martin Van Buren New York. 

1837 Richard M. Johnson Kentucky. 

1841 John Tyler Virginia. 

1842 Samuel L. Southard* New Jersey. 

1845 George M. Dallas Pennsylvania. 

1849 Millard Fillmore New York. 

1851 William R. King* Alabama. 

1853 David R. Atchinson* Missouri. 

1855 Jesse D. Bright* Indiana. 

1857 John C. Breckenridge Kentucky. 

1861 Hannibal Hamlin Maine. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee. 

1865 Lafayette C. Foster* Connecticut. 

1869 Schuyler Colfax Indiana. 

1873 Henry Wilsonf Massachusetts. 

1875 Thoma^ W. Ferry* .Michigan. 

1877 William A. Wheeler-. New York. 

1881 Chester A. Arthur New York. 

1883 George F. Edmunds Vermont. 

1885 Thomas A. HendricksJ... Indiana. 

1886 John Shermail* Ohio. 

1889 Levi P. Morton... New York. 

1893 Adlai E. Stevenson Illinois. 

1897 Garret A. Hobart** New Jersey. 

1899 William P. Frye* Maine. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt. New York. 

1901 William P. Frye* Maine. 

♦Served as President pro tem. of Senate. 
tDied in office November 22, 1875. 
IDied in office November 25, 1885. 
**Died in office November 21, 1899. 



46 STATE CONSTITUTION. 



STATE CONSTITUTION, 



A CONSTITUTION agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of New Jersey, in convention begun at Trenton 
on the fourteenth day of May, and continued to the 
twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and forty-four, ratified by the 
people at an election held on the thirteenth day of 
August, A. D. 1844, and amended at a special election 
held on the seventh day of September, A. D. 1875, and 
at another special election held on the twenty-eighth 
day of September, A. D. 1897. 

We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to 
Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He 
hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him 
for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit 
the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain 
and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES. 

1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have 
certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are 
those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing 
and obtaining safety and happiness. 

2. All political power is inherent 'n the people. Govern- 
ment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter 
or reform the same, whenever the public good may re- 
quire it. 

3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privi- 
lege of Vt^orshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to 
the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense 
whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship 
contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person 
be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building 
or repairing any church or churches, place or places of 
worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or min- 
istry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has de- 
liberately and voluntarily engaged to perform. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 47 

4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect 
in preference to another; no religious test shall be required 
as a qualification for any ofRce or public trust; and no 
person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right 
merely on account of his religious principles. 

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his 
sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge 
the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions 
or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence 
to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the 
matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with 
good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac- 
quitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the 
law and the fact. 

6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the papers and things to be seized. 

7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but 
the legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, wnen 
the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a 
jury of six men. 

8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the 
right to a speedy and public trial by'an impartial jury; to 
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to 
be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, 
and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense. 

9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal of- 
fense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cogniz- 
able by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or 
navy; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of 
war or public danger. 

10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same 
offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable 
by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when 
the proof is evident or presumption great. 

11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the 
public safety may require it. 

12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the 
civil power. 

13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 



48 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

any house without the consent of the owner; nor In time 
of war, except in a manner prescribed by law. 

14. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying 
war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them 
aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession in open court. '*" 

15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines 
shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments 
shall not be inflicted. 

16. Private property shall not be taken for public use 
without just compensation; but land may be taken for 
public highways as heretofore, until the legislature shall 
direct compensation to be made. 

17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, 
or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases 
of fraud; nor shall any person be imprisoned for a militia 
fine in time of peace. 

18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, 
to consult for the common good, to make known their 
opinions to their representatives, and to petition for re- 
dress of grievances. 

19. No county, city, borough, town, township or village 
shall hereafter give any money or property, or loan its 
money or credit, to or in aid of any individual association 
or corporation, or become security for or be directly or 
indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds of any associa- 
tion or corporation. 

20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall 
be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or 
for the use of any society, association or corporation what- 
ever. 

21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be 
construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 

ARTICLE II. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE. 

1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this 
State one year, and of the county in which he claims his 
vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled 
to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, 
elective by the people; provided, that no person in the 
military, naval or marine service of the United States 
shall be considered a resident in this State, by being sta- 



ryt Jwrvf 




STATE CONSTITUTION. 49 

tioned in any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place 
or station Vv-ithin this State; and no pa-jper, idiot, insane 
person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes 
him from being- a witness unless pardoned or restored by 
law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an 
elector; and provided further, that in time of war no 
elector in the actual military service of the State, o-r of 
the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be 
deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such 
election district; and the legislature shall have power to 
provide the manner -in which, and the time and place at 
which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return 
and canvass of their votes in the election districts in 
which they respectively reside. 

2. The le^-slature may pass laws to deprive persons of the 
right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery. 

ARTICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. 

1. The powers of the government shall be divided into 
three distinct departments— the legislative, executive and 
judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or consti- 
tuting one of these departments, shall exercise any of the 
powers properly belonging to either of the others, except 
as herein expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IV. 

LEGISLATIVE. 
Section I. 

1. The legislative power shall be vested in a senate and 
general assembly. 

2. No person shall be a member of the senate who shall 
not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been 
a citizen and inhabitant of the State for four years, and 
of the- county for which he shall be chosen one year, next 
before his election; and no person shall be a member of 
the general assembly who shall not have attained the age 
of twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhab- 
itant of the State for two years, and of the county for 
which he shall be chosen one year next before his election; 
provided, that no person shall be eligible as a member of 
either house of the legislature, who shall not be entitled 
to the right of suffrage. 

4 



50 - STATE CONSTITUTION. 

3. IMembers of the senate and general assembly shall be 
elected yearlj' and every year, on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in November; and the two houses shall 
meet separately on the second Tuesday in January next 
after the said day of election, at which time of meeting 
the legislative year shall commence; but the time of hold- 
ing such election may be altered by the legislature. 

Section II. 

1. The senate shall be composed of one senator from each 
county in the State, elected by the legal voters of the. 
counties, respectively, for three j'ears. 

2. As soon as the senate shall meet after the first election 
to be held in pursuance of this constitution, they shall be 
divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats 
of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the 
expiration of the first year; of the second class at the ex- 
piration of the second year; and of the third- class at the 
expiration of the third 3'ear, so that one class may be 
elected every year; and if vacancies happen, by resigna- 
tion or otherwise, the persons elected to supply such 
vacancies shall be elected for the unexpired terms only. 

Section III. 

1. The gei^ral assembly shall be composed of members 
annually' elected by the legal voters of the counties, re- 
spectively, who shall be apportioned among the said coun- 
ties as nearly as may be according to the number of their 
inhabitants. The present apportionment shall continue 
until the next census of the United States shall have been 
taken, and an apportionment of members of the gensrai 
assembly shall be made by the legislature at its first ses- 
sion after the next and every subsequent enumeration or 
census, and when made shall remain unaltered until an- 
other enumeration shall have been taken; provided, that 
each county shall at all times be entitled to one member; 
and the whole number of members shall never exceed 

sixty. 

Section IV. 

1. Each house shall direct writs of election for supplying 
vacancies, occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise; 
but if vacancies occur during the recess of the legislature, 
the writs may be issued by the governor, under such regu- 
lations as may be prescribed by law. 

2. Each hou^e shall -be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 51 

each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, 
in such manner, and under such penalties, as each house 
may provide. 

3. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine 
the rules of its proceeding's, punish its members for dis- 
orderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
may expel a member. 

4. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same; and the yeas and nays 
of the members of either house on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. 

5. Neither house, during the session of the legislature, 
shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more 
than three days, nor to any other place than that in which 
the two houses shall be sitting. 

6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times 
in each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill 
or joint resolution shall pass unless there be a majority of 
all the members of each body personally present and agree- 
ing- thereto; and the yeas and nays of the members voting 
on such final passage shall be entered on the journal. 

7. Members of the senate and general assembly shall re- 
ceive annually the sum of five hundred dollars during the 
time for which they shall have been elected and while they 
shall hold their office, and no other allowance or emolu- 
ment, directly or indirectly, for any purpose whatever. 
The president of the senate and the speaker of the house 
of assembly shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an ad- 
ditional compensation, equal to one-third of their allow- 
ance as members. 

8. Members of the senate and general assembly shall, in 
all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sitting- of their respective houses, and in going- to and re- 
turning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in 
either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 

place. 

Section V. 

1. No member of the senate or general assembly shall, 
during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or 
appointed by the governor, or by the legislature in joint 
meeting, to any civil office vmder the authority of this 
State which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall have been increased, during such time. 



52 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

2. If any member of the senate or general assembly shall 
be elected to represent this State in the senate or house of 
representatives of the United States, and shall accept 
thereof, or shall accept of any office or appointment un- 
der the government of the United States, his seat in the 
legislature of this State shall thereby be vacated. 

3. No justice of the supreme court, nor judge of any other 
court, sheriff, justice of the peace nor any person or per- 
sons possessed of any office of profit under the government 
of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in the sen- 
ate or in the general assembly; but, on being elected and 
taking his seat his office shall be considered vacant; and 
no person holding any office of profit under the government 
of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either 
house. 

Section VI. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of assembly; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. No monej' shall be drawn from the treasury but for 
appropriations made by law. 

•3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or indi- 
rectly loaned in any case. 

4.*The legislature shall not, in any manner, create any 
debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State which 
shall, singly or in the aggregate with any previous debts 
or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand 
dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, 
or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be au- 
thorized by a law for some single object or work, to be 
distinctly specified therein; which law^ shall provide the 
v.'ays and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the interest of 
such debt or liability as it falls due, and also to pay and 
discharge the principal of such debt or liability within 
thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, 
and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and 
the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and 
no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general 
election, have been submitted to the people, and have re- 
ceived the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against it at such election; and all money to be raised 
by the authority of such law shall be applied only to the 
specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the 
debt thereby crea-ted. This section shall not be construed 
to refer to any money that has been, or may be, deposited 
with this State by the government of the United States. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 53 

Section VII. 

1. No divorce shall be granted by the legislature. 

2. No lottery -shall be authorized by the legislature or 
otherwise in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bought or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling", 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
leg"alized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

3. The legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, 
ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of con- 
tracts, or depriving" a party of any remedy for enforcing 
a contract which existed when the contract was made. 

4. To avoid improper influences which may result from 
intermixing in one and the same act such things as have 
no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace 
but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title. 
No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its 
title only; but the act revived, or the section or sections 
amended, shall be inserted at length. No general law 
shall embrace any provision of a private, special or local 
character. No act shall be passed which shall provide 
that any existing- law, or any part thereof, shall be made 
or deemed a part of the act, or which shall enact that any 
existing" law, or any part thereof, shall be applicable, ex- 
cept by inserting it in such act. 

5. The laws of this State shall begin in the following 
style: "Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey. " 

6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all 
money, stock and other property which may hereafter be 
appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treas- 
ury under the provision of any law heretofore passed to 
augment the said fund, shall be securely invested and re- 
main a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so 
much as it may be judged expedient to apply to an increase 
of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the sup- 
port of public free schools, for the equal benefit of all the 
people of the State; and it shall not be competent for the 
.legislature to borrow, appropriate or use the said fund, 
or any part thereof, for any other purpose, under an3' 
pretense whatever. The legislature shall provide for the 
maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient sys- 
tem of free public schools for the instruction of all the 
children in this State between the ages of five and eigh- 
teen years. 



54 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

7. No private or special law shall be passed authorizing 
the sale of any lands belonging in whole or in part to a 
minor or minors, or other persons who may at the time be 
under any legal disability to act for themselves. 

S. Individuals or private corporations shall not be au- 
thorized to take private property for public use, without 
just compensation first made to the owners. 

9. No private, special or local bill shall be passed unless 
public notice of the intention to apply therefor, and of the 
general object thereof, shall have been previously given. 
The legislature, at the next session after the adoption 
hereof, and from time to time thereafter, shall prescribe 
the time and mode of giving such notice, the evidence 
thereof, and how such evidence shall be preserved. 

10. The legislature may vest in the circuit courts, or 
courts of common pleas within the several counties of this 
State, chancery powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure 
of mortgages and sale of mortgaged premises. 

11. The legislature shall not pass private, local or special 
laws in any of the following enumerated cases; that is to 
say: 

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high- 
days. 

Vacating any road, town plot, street, alley or public 
grounds. 

Regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties; 
appointing local offices or commissions to regulate munici- 
pal affairs. 

Selecting, drawing, summoning or empaneling grand or 
petit jurors. 

Creating, increasing or decreasing the percentage or al- 
lowance of public officers during the term for which said 
officers were elected or appointed. 

Changing the law of descent. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
any exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual the 
right to lay down railroad tracks. 

Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal cases. 

Providing for the management and support of free public 
schools. 

The legislature shall pass general laws providing for the 
cases enumerated in this paragraph, and for all other cases 
which, in its judgment, may be provided for by general 
laws. The legislature shall pass no special act conferring 
corporate powers, but they shall pass general laws under 
which corporations may be organized and corporate powers 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 55 

of every nature obtained, subject, nevertheless, to repeal 
or alteration at the will of the legislature. 

12. Property shall be assessed for taxes under general 
laws, and by uniform rules, according to its true value. 

Section VIII. 

1. Members of the legislature shall, before they enter on 
the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear [or affirm, as the case may be,] 
that I will support the constitution of the United States 
and the constitution of the State of New Jersey, and that 
I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator [or mem- 
ber of the general assembly, as the case may be,] accord- 
ing to the best of my ability." 

And members-elect of the senate or general assembly 
are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said 
oath or affirmation. 

2. Every officer of the legislature shall, before he enters 
upon his duties, take and subscribe the following oath or 
affirmation: "I do solemnly promise and swear [or af- 
firm] that I will faithfully, impartially and justly perform 

all the duties of the office of , to the best of my 

ability and understanding; that I will carefully preserve 
all records, papers, writings or property intrusted to me 
for safe-keeping by virtue of my office, and make such, 
disposition of the same as may be required by law." 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a governor. 

2. The governor shall be elected by the legal voters of 
this State. The person having the highest number of votes 
shall be the governor; but if two or more shall be equal 
and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen gov- 
ernor by the vote of a majority of the members of both 
houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office 
of governor shall be determined in such manner as the 
legislature shall direct by law. When a governor is to be 
elected by the people, such election shall be held at the 
time when and at the places where the people shall re- 
spectively vote for members of the legislature. 

3. The governor shall hold his office for three years, to 
commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing 
the election for governor by the people, and to end on the 



56 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

Monday preceding the third Tuesday of January, three 
years thereafter; and he shall be incapable of holding 
that office for three years next after his term of service 
shall have expired: and no appointment or nomination to 
office shall be made by the governor during the last week 
of his said term. 

4. The governor shall be not less than thirty years of 
age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citi- 
zen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven 
years next before his election, unless he shall have been 
absent during that time on the public business of the 
United States or of this State. 

5. The governor shall, at stated tim.es, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall be neither increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected. 

6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the militarj' 
and naval forces of the State; he shall have power to con- 
vene the legislature, or the senate alone, whenever in his 
opinion public necessity requires it; he shall communicate 
by message to the legislature at the opening of each ses- 
sion, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, 
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures 
as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws 
be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal oT 
the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be re- 
quired to be commissioned. 

7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall 
be presented to the governor; if he approve he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the 
house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter 
the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to re- 
consider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of 
the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved of by a m.ajority of the whole number cf 
that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house 
shall the vote be taken on the same day on which the bill 
shall be returned to it; and in all such cases, the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and 
the names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the governor, within 
five days (Sunday excepted) after it shall have been pre- 
sented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner a^ 
if he had signed it, unless the legislature by their adjourn- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 57 

ment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. If any bill presented to the governor contain sev- 
eral items of appropriations of money, he may object to 
one or more of such items while approving of the other 
portions of the bill. In such case he shall append to the 
bill, at the time of signing it, a statement of the items to 
which he objects, and the appropriation so objected to 
shall not take effect. If the legislature be in session he 
shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated, 
a copy of such statement, and the items objected to shall 
be separately reconsidered. If, on reconsideration, one 
or more of such items be approved by a majority of the 
members elected to each house, the same shall be a part 
of the law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. 
All the provisions of this section in relation to bills not 
approved by the governor shall apply to cases in which 
he shall withhold his approval from any item or items 
contained in a bill appropriating money. 

8. No member of congress, or person holding an office 
under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the 
office of governor; and in case the governor, or person 
administering the government shall accept any office un- 
der the United States or this State, his office of governor 
shall thereupon be vacant. Nor shall he be elected by the 
legislature to any office under the governmentof this State 
or of the United States, during the term for which he shall 
have been elected governor. 

9. The governor, or person administering the government, 
shall have power to suspend the collection of fines and for- 
feitures, and to grant reprieves, to extend until the expira- 
tion of a time not exceeding ninety days after conviction; 
but this power shall not extend to cases of impeachment. 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, the chancellor, and the six judges of the court of 
errors and appeals, or a major part of them, of whom the 
governor, or person administering the government, shall 
be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, 
after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 

11. The governor and all other civil officers under this 
State shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in 
office during their continuance in office, and for tv.'o years 
thereafter. 

12. In case of the death, resignation or removal from of- 
fice of the governor, the powers, duties and emoluments 
of the office shall devolve upon the president of the sen- 
ate, and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then 
upon the speaker of the house of assembly, for the time 



58 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

being, until another governor shall be elected and quali- 
fied; but in such case another governor shall be chosen at 
the next election for members of the legislature, unless 
such death, resignation or removal shall occur within 
thirty days immediately preceding such next election, in 
which case a governor shall be chosen at the second suc- 
ceeding election for members of the legislature. When a 
vacancy happens, during the recess of the legislature, in 
any office which is to be filled by the governor and senate, 
or by the legislature in joint meeting, the governor shall 
fill such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the 
end of the next session of the legislature, unless a suc- 
cessor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy hap- 
pens in the office of clerk or surrogate of any county, the 
governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission 
shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified. No 
person who shall have been nominated to the senate by 
the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

13. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his ab- 
sence from the State or inability to discharge the duties 
of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the 
office shall devolve upon the president of the senate; and 
in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the 
speaker of the house of assembly for the time being, until 
the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be ac- 
quitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, 
or until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor from 
any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case 
of the death of the governor-elect before he is qualified into 
office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the president of the senate or speaker of the 
house of assembly, as above provided for, until a new gov- 
ernor be elected and qualified. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

Section I. 

1. The judicial power shall be vested in a court of errors 
and appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; 
a court for the trial of impeachments; a court of chancery; 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 59 

a prerogative court; a supreme court; circuit courts, and 
such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be here- 
after ordained and established by law; which inferior 
courts the legislature may alter or abolish, as the public 
good shall require. 

Section II. 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of the 
chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six 
judges, or a major part of them; which judges are to be 
appointed for six years. 

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the 
six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that 
the seat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in 
order that thereafter one judge may be annually ap- 
pointed. 

3. Such of the six judges as shall attend the court shall 
receive, respectively, a per diem compensation, to be pro- 
vided by law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

5. When an appeal from an order or decree shall be 
heard, the chancellor shall inform the court, in writing, 
of the reasons for his order or decree; but he shall not sit 
as a member, or have a voice in the hearing or tinal sen- 
tence. 

6. When a writ of error shall be brought, no justice who 
has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or 
against any error complained of, shall sit as a member, or 
have a voice on the hearing, or for its affirmance or re- 
versal; but the reasons for such opinion shall be assigned 
to the court in writing. 

Section III. 

1. The house of assembly shall have the sole power of 
impeaching, by a vote of a majority of all the members; 
and all impeachments shall be tried by the senate; the 
members, when sitting for that purpose, to be on oath or 
affirmation "truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question according to evidence;" and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of all the members of the senate. 

2. Any judicial officer impeached shall lie suspended from 
exercising his office until his acquittal. 

3. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend 
farther than to removal from office, and to disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit or trust under 



f.O STATE CONSTITUTION. 

this State; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be 

liable to indictment, trial and punishment according to law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

Section IV. 

1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor. 

2. The chancellor shall be the ordinary or surrogate gen- 
eral, and judge of the prerogative court. 

3. All persons aggrieved by any order, sentence or decree 
of the orphans' court, may appeal from the same, or from 
any part thereof to the prerogative court; but such order, 
sentence or decree shall not be removed into the supreme 
court, or circuit court if the subject-matter thereof be 
within the jurisdiction of the orphans' court. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the register of the pre- 
rogative court, and shall perform the duties required of 
him bj' law in that respect. 

Section V. 

1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and 
four associate justices. The number of associate justices 
may be increased or decreased by law, but shall never be 
less than two. 

2. The circuit courts shall be held in every county of this 
State, by one or more of the justices of the supreme court, 
or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all 
cases within the county except in those of a criminal na- 
ture, have common law jurisdiction, concurrent with the 
supreme court; and any final judgment of a circuit court 
may be docketed in the supreme court, and shall operate 
as a judgment obtained in the supreme court from the 
time of such docketing. 

3. Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought 
by writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into 
the court of errors and appeals. 

Section VI. 

1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas in each of the counties in this 
State, after the terms of the judges of said court now in 
office shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be 
appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, 
which shall be for the unexpired term only. 

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges 
of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for 
judges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the 



STATE CONSTITUTION, 61 

first day of April in every successive year, except commis- 
sions to fill vacancies, which shall hear date and take ef- 
fect when issued. 

Section VII. 

1. There may be elected under this constitution two, and 
not more than Ave, justices of the peace in each of the 
townships of the several counties of this State, and in each 
of the wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a 
township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or 
less, it may have two justices; when it contains more than 
two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thou- 
sand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more 
than four thousand inhabitants, it may have five justices; 
provided, that whenever any township not voting in wards 
contains more than seven thousand inhabitants, such town- 
ship may have an additional justice for each additional 
three thousand inhabitants above four thousand. 

2. The population of the townships in the several coun- 
ties of the State and of the several wards shall be ascer- 
tained by the last preceding census of the United States, 
until the legislature shall provide, by law, some other 
mode of ascertaining it. 

ARTICLE VII. 

APPOINTING POWER AND TENURE OF OFFICE. 

Section I. 
MILITIA OFFICERS. 

1. The legislature shall provide by law for enrolling, or- 
ganizing and arming the militia. 

2. Captains, subalterns and non-commissioned officers 
shall be elected by the members of their respective com- 
panies. 

3. Field officers of regiments, independent battalions and 
squadrons shall be' elected by the commissioned officers 
of their respective regiments, battalions or squadrons. 

4. Brigadier-generals shall be elected by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

5. Major-generals, the adjutant-general and quarter- 
master-general shall be nominated by the governor, and 
appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the 
senate. 

G. The legislature shall provide, by law, the time and 
manner of electing militia officers, and of certifying their 
elections to the governor, who shall grant their commis- 



62 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

sions, and determine their rank, when not determined by 
lav.*; and no commissioned officer shall be rem(.ved from 
office but by the sentence of a court-martial, pursuant to 
lav/. 

7. In case the electors of subalterns, captains or field offi- 
cers shall refuse or neglect to make such elections, the 
governor shall have power to appoint such officers, and 
to fill all vacancies caused by such refusal or neglect. 

8. Brigade inspectors shall be chosen by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

9. The governor shall appoint all militia officers whose 
appointment is not otherwise provided for in this consti- 
tution. 

10. Major-generals, brigadier-generals and commanding 
officers of regiments, independent battalions and squad- 
rons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, bri- 
gades, regiments, independent battalions and squadrons, 
respectively. 

Section II. 

CIVIL OFFICERS. 

1. Justices of the supreme court, chancellor, judges of 
the court of errors and appeals and judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas shall be nominated by the gover- 
nor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate. 

The justices of the supreme court and chancellor shall 
hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at 
stated times, receive for their services a compensation 
which shall not be diminished during the term of their 
appointments; and .they shall hold no other office under 
the government of this State or of the United States. 

2. Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be ap- 
pointed by the senate and general assembl5^ in joint meet- 
ing. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unex- 
pired term only. 

o. The state treasurer and comptroller shall be appointed 
by the senate and general assembly, in joint meeting. 

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until 
their successors shall be qualified into office. 

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk 
of the supreme court, clerk of the court of chancery, sec- 
retary of state and the keeper of the state prison shall be 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 63 

nominated by th© governor, and appointed by him, with 
the advice and consent of the senate. 
They shall hold their offices for five years. 

5. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of 
the supreme court, or a majority of them; and the chan- 
cery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

6. Clerks and surrogates of counties shall be elected by 
the people of their respective counties, at the annual elec- 
tions for members of the general assembly. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

7. Sheriffs and coroners shall be elected by the people of 
their respective counties, at the elections for members of 
the general assembly, and they shall hold their offices for 
three years, after which three years must elapse before 
they can be again capable of serving'. Sheriffs shall an- 
nually renew their bonds. 

8. Justices of the peace shall be elected by ballot at the 
annual meetings of the townships in the several counties 
of the State, and of the wards in cities that may vote in 
wards, in such manner and under such regulations as maj'' 
be hereafter provided by law. 

They shall be commissioned for the county, and their 
commissions shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of May next after their election. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
elected to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired 
term only; provided, that the com^mission of any justice 
of the peace shall become vacant upon his ceasing to re- 
side in the township In which he was elected. 

The first election for justices of the peace shall take place 
at the next annual town-meetings of the township's in the 
several counties of the State, and of the wards in cities 
that may vote in wards. 

9. All other officers, whose appointments are not other- 
wise provided for by law, shall be nominated by the gov- 
ernor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate; and shall hold their offices for the time pre- 
scribed by law. 

10. All civil officers elected or appointed pursuant to the 
provisions of this constitution, shall be commissioned by 
the governor. 

11. The term of office of all officers elected or appointed, 
pursuant to the provisions of this constitution, except 
when herein otherwise directed, shall commence on the 
day of the date of their respective commissions; but no 



64 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

commission for any office shall bear date prior to the ex- 
piration of the term of the incumbent of said office. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

GENERAL PROVISIONS. 

1. The secretary of state shall be ex officio an auditor of 
the accounts of the treasurer, and as such, it shall be his 
duty to assist the legislature in the annual examination 
and .'settlement of said accounts, until otherwise provided 
by law. 

2. The seal of the State shall be kept by the governor, 
or person administering the government, and used by him 
officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of 
New Jersey. 

3. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and 
by the authority of the State of New Jersey, sealed with 
the great seal, signed by the governor, or person adminis- 
tering the government, and countersigned by the secretary 
of state, and it shall run thus: "The State of New Jersey, 

to , greeting." All writs shall be in the name of 

the State; and all indictments shall conclude in the follow- 
ing manner, viz., "against the peace of this State, the gov- 
ernment and dignity of the same." 

4. This constitution shall take effect and go into operation 
on the second day of September, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four. 

ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Any specific amendment or amendments to the constitu- 
tion may be proposed in the senate or general assembly, 
and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the 
members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be entered on their jour- 
nals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislature then next to be chosen, and shall be pub- 
lished for three months previous to making such choice, 
in at least one newspaper of each county, if any be pub- 
lished therein; and if in the legislature next chosen as 
aforesaid, such proposed amendment oi- amendments, or 
iiny of them, shall be agreed to by a majority of all the 
members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty 
of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or 
amendments, or such of them as may have been agreed 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 65 

to as aforesaid by the two legislatures, to the people, in 
such manner and at such time, at least four months after 
the adjournment of the legislature, as the legislature shall 
prescribe; and if the people at a special election to be held 
for that purpose only, shall approve and ratify such 
amendment or amendments, or any of them, by a majority 
of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legisla- 
ture voting thereon, such amendment or amendments so 
approved and ratified shall become part of the constitu- 
tion; provided, that if more than one amendment be sub- 
mitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and form 
that the people may vote for or against each amendment 
separately a-nd distinctly; but no amendment or amend- 
ments shall be submitted to the people by the legislature 
oftener than once in five years. 

ARTICLE X. 

SCHEDUI^E. 

That no inconvenience may arise from the change in the 
constitution of this State, and in order to carry the same 
into complete operation, it is hereby declared and ordained, 
that— 

1. The common law and statute laws now in force, not 
repugnant to this constitution, shall remain in force until 
they expire by their own limitation, or be altered or re- 
pealed by the legislature; and all writs, actions, causes of 
action, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights of indi- 
viduals and of bodies corporate, and of the State, and all 
charters of incorporation, shall continue, and all indict- 
ments which shall have been found, or which may here- 
after be found, for any crime or offense committed before 
the adoption of this constitution, may be proceeded upon 
as if no change had taken place. The several courts of 
law and equity, except as herein otherwise provided, shall 
continue with the like powers and jurisdiction as if this 
constitution had not been adopted. 

2. All officers now filling any office or appointment shall 
continue in the exercise of the duties thereof, according 
to their respective commissions or appointments, unless by 
this constitution it is otherwise directed. 

3. The present governor, chancellor and ordinary or sur- 
rogate-general and treasurer shall continue in office until 
successors elected or appointed under this constitution 
shall be sworn or affirmed' into office. 

4. In case of the death, , resignation or disability of the 

5 



66 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

present governor, the person who may he vice-president of 
council at the time of the adoption of this constitution 
shall continue in office and administer the government un- 
til a governor shall have been elected and sworn or af- 
firmed into office under this constitution. 

5. The present governor, or in case of his death or inabil- 
ity to act, the vice-president of council, together with the 
present members of the legislative council and secretary 
of state, shall constitute a board of state canvassers, in 
the manner now provided by law, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining and declaring the result of the next ensuing elec- 
tion for governor, members of the house of representa- 
tives, and electors of president and vice-president. 

6. The returns of the votes for governor, at the said next 
ensuing election, shall be transmitted to the secretary of 
state, the votes counted, and the election declared in the 
manner now provided by law in the case of the election of 
electors of president and vice-president. 

7. The election of clerks and surrogates, in those counties 
where the term of office of the present incumbent shall 
expire previous to the general election of eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-five, shall be held at the general election 
next ensuing the adoption of this constitution; the result 
of which election shall be ascertained in the manner now 
provided by law for the election of sheriffs. 

8. The elections for the year eighteen hundred and forty- 
four shall take place as now provided by law. 

9. It shall be the duty of the governor to fill all vacancies 
in office happening between the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and the first session of the senate, and not otherwise 
provided for, and the commissions shall expire at the end 
of the first session of the senate, or when successors shall 
be elected or appointed and qualified. 

10. The restriction of the pay of members of the legisla- 
ture, after forty days from the commencement of the ses- 
sion, shall not be applied to the first legislature convened 
under this constitution. 

11. Clerks of counties shall be clerks of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and quarter sessions of the several 
counties, and perform the duties, and .be subject to the 
regulations now required of them by law until otherwise 
ordained by the legislature. 

12. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry 
into effect the provisions of this constitution. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 67 

State of New Jersey: 

I, George Wurts, Secretary of State of the State of New 
Jersey, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy 
of the Constitution of the State of New Jersey as amended, 
as the same is taken from and compared with, the original 
Constitution and amendments thereto, now remaining on 
file in my office. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
[1j. S.] hand and affixed my official seal, this twenty-sixth 
day of October, A. D. eighteen hundred and ninety- 
seven. GEORGE WURTS. 



68 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

SENATE. 

RULES ADOPTED THIS YEAR. 



PRESIDENT. 



1. The President shall take the chair at the time appoint- 
ed; and a quorum being present, the Journal of the preced- 
ing- day shall be read, to the end that any mistake therein 
may be corrected. 

2. He shall not engage in any debate without leave of the 
Senate, except so far as shall be necessary for regulating 
the form of proceedings. 

3. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 
He shall, on all occasions, preserve the strictest order and 
decorum. 

4. When two or more Senators shall rise at the same 
time, he shall name the one entitled to the floor. 

5. He shall have the right to name a Senator fo perform 
the duties of the Chair, but such substitution shall not 
extend beyond one day. 

6. He shall decide every question of order without de- 
bate, subject to an appeal to the Senate; and he may call 
for the sense of the Senate upon any question of order. 

7. He shall cause all persons to be arrested or removed 
from the Senate chamber who shall interrupt the proceed- 
ings of the Senate or conduct themselves improperly in the 
lobby or gallery. 

8. The Senate may elect a President pro tempore, who 
shall possess all the powers and discharge all the duties 
of the President, when the latter is absent in discharge 
of his constitutional duty of administering the government 
of the State. 

QUORUM. 

9. A majority of the members of the Senate shall consti- 
tute a quorum; and whenever a less number than a quo- 
rum shall convene at a regular meeting, and shall ad- 
journ, the names of those present shall be entered on the 
journal. 

10. "^Tienever a less number than a quorum shall convene 
at any regular meeting, they are hereby authorized to send 
the Sergeant-at-Arms, or any other person or persons by 
them authorized, for any or all absent Senators. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 69 

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

11. After the President has taken the Chair the order of 
business shall be as follows: 

I. Prayer. 
II. Calling- the Roll. 

III. Reading- the Journal. 

IV. Presentation and reference of petitions and memo- 

rials. 
V. Introduction of bills. 
"VI. Reports of Committees. 

1. Standing- Committees (in accordance with 
Rule 13). 

2. Select Committees. 
VII. Unfinished business. 

VIII. Senate bills on second reading: 
IX. Senate bills on third reading-. 

X. Assembly bills on second reading-. 
XI. Assembly bills on third reading-. 

COMMITTEES. 

12. All Committees shall be appointed by the President, 
unless otherwise ordered by the Senate. 

13. The following- Standing- Committees, consisting of 
three members each, except the Appropriation Committee, 
which shall consist of four members, shall be appointed at 
the commencement of each session, until otherwise or- 
dered, with leave to report by bill or otherwise: 

A Committee on the Judiciary. 

A Committee on Appropriations. 

A Committee on Revision and Amendment of the Laws. 

A Committee on Finance. 

A Committee on Corporations. 

A Committee on Municipal Corporations. 

A Committee on Railroads, Canals and Turnpikes. 

A Committee on Banks and Insurance Companies. 

A Committee on the Clergy. 

A Committee on Commerce and Navigation. 

A Committee on Federal Relations. 

A Committee on Stationery and Incidental Expenses. 

A Committee on Education. 

A Committee on Militia. 

A Committee on Game and Fisheries. 

A Committee on Riparian Rights. 

A Committee on Agriculture. 



70 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

A Committee on Miscellaneous Business. 

A Committee on Elections. 

A Committee on Public Health. 

A Committee on Unfinished Business. 

A Committee on Labor and Industries. 

A Committee on Boroughs and Townships. 

A Committee on Printed Bills, whose duty it shall be to 
examine all bills and joint resolutions before they shall be 
put upon their third reading, and who shall report the 
same to the Senate, and the Secretary shall enter upon 
the journal that the same have been correctly printed. 

Special Committees shall consist of three members, un- 
less otherw'ise ordered by the Senate. 

The several Joint Committees shall consist of three 
members each, and shall be also appointed to act conjoint- 
ly with corresponding committee to be appointed by the 
House of Assembly. 

A Committee on the Treasurer's Accotmts. 

A Committee on the State Prison. 

A Committee on the State Hospitals. 

A Committee on the Library. 

A Committee on Public Grounds and Buildings. 

A Committee on Public Printing. 

A Committee on Passed Bills. 

A Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

A Committee on Reform School for Boys. 

A Committee on Sinking Fund. 

A Committee on Industrial School for Girls. 

A Committee on the New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes. 

BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. 

14. When a memorial or bill is referred to a committee, 
praying or providing for an act of incorporation, or for 
any other act, notice of the application for which is re- 
quired by law to be previously advertised, the committee 
shall not have leave to report such bill unless satisfactory 
evidence has been presented to the committee that the ap- 
plication for such act has had a bona fide advertisement 
according to law; and all committees reporting such bills 
referred to them shall certify to the Senate that such 
proof has been presented and is deemed satisfactory. 

15. The titles of all bills 'and the parts of bills affected 
by amendments, together with the amendments, shall be 
entered on the Journal. 

16. When leave is asked to bring in a bill, its title shall 
be read for the information of the Senate, and if objected 
to it shall be laid over for one day; and all public and prj- 



RULHS OF THE SENATE. 71 

vate bills and joint resolutions shall, after the first read- 
ing-, be printed for the use of the Senate, but no other 
paper or document shall be printed without special order. 

17. All bills and special reports of committees shall be 
numbered by the Secretary as they are severally intro- 
duced, and a list made of the same, and such bills and re- 
ports shall be called up by the President for consideration, 
in the order in which they are reported and stand upon 
the calendar, unless otherwise ordered; and the Secretary 
shall read from the said list or calendar, and not from the 
files of bills or reports. 

18. No bill shall be committed or amended until it shall 
have been ordered to a second reading, after which it may 
be referred to a committee. 

19. All bills may be made the order of a particular day, 
and public bills when called for shall have the preference 
of private bills; and when two or more bills shall be called 
for by Senators, they shall be taken up according to their 
seniority, reckoning from the date of their introduction. 

20. On the second and third readings of bills and joint 
resolutions, printed copies thereof shall be used. 

21. When bills or joint resolutions are introduced, the 
Secretary of the Senate shall forthwith deliver the same 
to the Supervisor of Bills, who shall prepare them for 
printing, in conformity with the rules defining the duties 
of said officer. 

22. Original bills and joint resolutions, after being print- 
ed, shall be delivered by the Supervisor of Bills to the 
Secretary. 

23. Bills and joint resolutions origmating in and passed 
by the Senate and amended by the House, when concurred 
in by the Senate, shall be delivered by the Secretary to the 
Supervisor of Bills for re-printing. 

24. Bills and joint resolutions which have passed their 
second reading, together with all amendments thereto, 
shall be delivered by the Secretary to the Supervisor of 
Bills, who shall see that the same are in proper form for 
printing for third reading. 

25. When the Supervisor of Bills receives from the print- 
er the bill or joint resolution ordered to a third reading 
and the same shall be found correct, he shall affix his offi- 
cial stamp to each page of the copy to be used as the 
official copy and intended to be submitted to the Governor 
for his approval, and shall deliver the same to the Sec- 
retary. 

26. Two copies of every bill and of every joint resolution 
ordered to a third reading shall be printed on good bond 



72 RU1.es of the SENATE. 

paper, to be approved by the Supervisor of Bills, one of 
which copies shall be retained in his office and the other 
of which shall be delivered to the Secretary to be used 
thereafter as the official copy of said bill or joint resolu- 
tion. 

27. The Supervisor of Bills shall have printed for the use 
of the members of the Legislature at least one hundred 
copies of every bill or joint resolution ordered to a third 
reading-, which shall be known and designated as "Official 
Copy Re-print." The Supervisor of Bills shall deliver 
twenty-one copies of all bills and joint resolutions desig- 
nated as "Official Copy Re-print" to the Secretary of the 
Senate, and sixty copies to the Clerk of the House, and 
he shall retain the remainder in his own custody for the 
use of State and Legislative officers. 

28. Except as otherwise provided, the system and pro- 
cedure W'hich have heretofore prevailed shall be followed 
in the preparation of all bills and joint resolutions for 
their various readings as far as practicable. 

29. The consent of the majority of the Senators present 
shall be sufficient to print or re-print any bill or joint 
resolution, but no bill or joint resolution shall pass unless 
there shall be a majority of all the Senators personally 
present and agreeing thereto, and the yea's and nays of 
Senators voting on the final passage of any bill or joint 
resolution shall be entered on the Journal and the like en- 
try on any other question shall be made at the desire of 
any Senator. 

30. Every bill and joint resolution shall receive three 
readings previous to its being passed; and the President 
shall give notice at each reading whether it be the first, 
second or third, which readings shall be on three different. 
days. 

31. The final question upon the second reading of every 
bill or joint resolution originating in the Senate shall be 
w^hether it shall be read a third time; and no amendment 
shall be received at the third reading unless by unanimous 
consent of the Senators present, but it shall be in order, 
before the final passage of any such bill or joint resolution, 
to move its recommitment, and should such recommit- 
ment take place and any amendment be reported by the 
committee, the said bill or resolution shall be again read 
a second time and considered and the aforesaid question 
again put. 

32. When a bill or joint resolution shall have been lost, 
and reconsidered and lost again, the same shall not again 
be reconsidered but by the unanimous consent of the 
Senate. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 73 

33. Bills and joint resolutions, when passed by the Sen- 
ate, shall be signed by the President. 

34. When a Senate bill or joint resolution shall have been 
passed, the same shall be signed, taken to the House of 
Assembly, and its concurrence therein requested, without 
a motion for that purpose. 

35. When a bill or resolution passed by the Senate shall 
be carried to the House of Assembly, all papers and docu- 
ments relating- thereto on the flies of the Senate shall be 
carried by the Secretary, with such bill or resolution, to 
the House of Assembly. 

MOTIONS AND THEIR PRECEDENCE. 

36. When a motion shall be made, it shall be reduced to 
writing by the President or any Senator, and delivered 
to the Secretary at his table and read before the same 
shall be debatable. 

37. All motions entered on the Journal of the Senate 
shall be entered in the names of the Senators who make 
them. 

38. If the question in debate contains several points, any 
Senator may have the same divided; but a motion to strike 
out and insert, or to commit with instructions, shall not 
be divided. 

39. The rejection of a motion to strike out and insert one 
proposition shall not prevent a motion to strike out and 
insert a different proposition, nor prevent a subsequent 
motion simply to strike out; nor shall the rejection of a 
motion simply tO' strike out prevent a subsequent motion 
to strike out and insert. 

40. On filling blanks the question shall be first taken on 
the largest sum, the greatest number, and the most dis- 
tant day. 

41. When motions are made for reference of the same 
subject to a Select Committee, and to a Standing Com- 
mittee, the question of reference to a Standing Committee 
shall be put first. 

42. When a question is before the Senate, no motion shall 
be received but — 

1. To adjourn. 

2. To proceed to the consideration of Executive business. 

3. To lay on the table. 

4. To postpone indefinitely. 

5. To postpone to a certain day. 

6. To commit. 

7. To amend. 

Which several motions shall have precedence in the or- 
der in which they stand arranged. 



74 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

43. The motion to adjourn, or to fix a day to which the 
Senate shall adjourn, shall always be in order, exce'pt 
when a vote is being taken or while a Senator is addressing 
the Senate. 

44. The motion? to adjourn, to proceed to the considera- 
tion of Executive business, and to lay on the table, shall 
be decided without debate. 

45. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill 
shall have precedence of a motion to amend, and if car- 
ried shall be equivalent to its rejection. 

46. When a motion shall have been once made and car- 
ried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for 
any Senator who voted on the prevailing side to move a 
reconsideration thereof on the same day or next succeed- 
ing day of actual session; but no motion for the reconsid- 
eration of any vote shall be in order after a bill, resolu- 
tion, message, report, amendment or motion upon which 
the vote was taken, announcing their decision, shall have 
gone from the possession of the Senate, and they shall 
not pass from the possession of the Senate until the ex- 
piration of the time in which a reconsideration is permit- 
ted; and every motion for reconsideration shall be decid- 
ed by a majority of votes, except a motion to reconsider 
the vote on the final passage of a bill or joint resolution, 
which shall require the same majority as is necessary for 
their final passage. 

MEMBERS. 

47. The seats within the bar shall be reserved exclusively 
for the Senators, the officers of the Senate, and the re- 
porters of the press who may have seats assigned them. 

48. No Senator shall speak in any debate without rising, 
nor more than three times on any subject of debate, un- 
less he shall first obtain leave of the Senate. 

49. Every Senator, in speaking, shall address the Presi- 
dent, confine himself to the question under debate, and 
avoid personality. 

50. Any Senator may change his vote before the decision 
of the question shall have been announced by the Chair. 

51. No Senator shall have his vote recorded on any ques- 
tion, when the yeas and nays are called, UHless he shall 
be present to answer to his name. 

MESSAGES. 

52. All messages shall be sent to the House of Assembly 
by the Secretary, under the direction of the President, 
as a standing order, without a vote thereon. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 75 

53. Messages may be delivered at any stage of the busi- 
ness, except when a vote is being taken. 

54. When a message shall be sent from the Governor or 
House of Assembly to the Senate, it shall be announced 
at the door by the Sergeant-at-Arms. 

SENATE BILLS IN THE HOUSE. 

55. When an amendment made in the Senate to a bill 
from the House of Assembly shall be disagreed to by that 
House, and not adhered to by the Senate, the bill shall 
be considered as standing on a third reading. 

56. An amendment of the House of Assembly to a Senate 
bill shall not be divisible. 

57. In case of disagreement between the Senate and 
House of Assembly, the Senate may either recede, insist 
and ask a conference, or adhere, and motions for such 
purposes shall take precedence in that order. 

58. When a Senate bill shall be returned, amended by 
the House of Assembly, the sections of the bill so amend- 
ed, together with the amendments, shall be read by the 
Secretary for a first reading and be entitled to a second 
reading without special motion, at which reading the 
proposed amendments shall be open to the action of the 
Senate. And if, at its third reading, upon the question be- 
ing put by the President, "Will the Senate concur in the 
House amendment to Senate bill No. — ?" a majority of the 
whole Senate should, by a vote of years and nays, con- 
cur, the question shall then be upon ordering the bill to 
be re-printed. If so ordered, the biir shall be re-printed, 
the amendments embodied therein and the re-printed bill 
examined and reported by the Committee on Printed Bills 
and read in open Senate, to the end that it may be known 
to be correctly printed, and shall be then signed and certi- 
fied as other bills. 

DISORDER. 

59. In case of any disturbance in the gallery or lobby, the 
President shall have power to order the same to be 
cleared. 

60. The Sergeant-at-Arms shall aid in the enforcement of 
order, under the direction of the President. 

61. No Senator, in speaking, shall mention a Senator 
then present by his name. 

SPECIAL ORDERS. 

62. When the hour shall have arrived for the considera- 
tion of a special order, the same shall be taken up, and 



76 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

the Senate shall proceed to consider it, unless it shall be 
postponed by the Senate. 

63. The unfinished business in which the Senate shall 
have been engaged at the last preceding adjournment shall 
have the preference in the special order of the day. 

64. No concurrent resolution shall pass unless by the 
consent of a majority of the Senators elected. 

SECRET SESSION. 

65. On motion made and seconded to shut the doors of the 
Senate on the discussion of anj^ business which may, in the 
opinion of a Senator, require secrecy, the President shall 
direct the chamber to be cleared, and during the discus- 
sion of such motion the doors shall remain shut. 

RULES. 

66. No standing rule or order of the Senate shall be sus- 
pended unless by the consent of two-thirds of the Senators 
elected, nor rescinded or amended but by the same num- 
ber, and one day's notice shall be given of the motion for 
rescission or amendment. 

EXECUTIVE SESSION. 

67. When nominations shall be made by the Governor 
to the Senate, they shall, unless otherwise ordered by the 
Senate, be referred to appropriate committees; and the 
final question on every nomination shall be, "Will the 
Senate advise and consent to this nomination?" which 
question shall not be put on the same day on which the 
nomination is received, nor on the day on which it may 
be reported by a committee, unless by the unanimous con- 
sent of the Senate. 

68. When acting on Executive business the Senate shall 
be cleared of all persons except the Senators and Secre- 
tary. 

69. All information or remarks concerning the character 
or qualifications of any persons nominated by the Gover- 
nor to office shall be kept a secret. 

70. The Legislative and Executive proceedings of the 
Senate shall be kept in separate and distinct books. 

71. All nominations approved by the Senate, or other- 
wise definitely acted on, shall be transmitted by the Secre- 
tary to the Governor, with the determination of the Senate 
thereon, from day to day, as such proceedings may occur; 
but no further extract from the Executive journal shall 
be furnished, published or otherwise communicated, ex- 
cept by special order of the Senate. 



RULES OP THE ASSEMBLY. 77 

HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 

RULES ADOPTED THIS YEAR. 



OP THE MEETING OP THE HOUSE. 

1. Any member or members less than a quorum may 
meet and adjourn the House from day to day, when neces- 
sary. 

2. Every member shall attend in his place precisely at 
the hour to which the House was last adjourned; and in 
case of neglect, he shall be subject to a reprimand from 
the Chair, unless excused by the House; nor shall any 
member absent himself from the House for more than the 
space of a quarter of an hour without leave previously ob- 
tained. 

3. In case a less number of members than a quorum shall 
be present after the arrival of the hour to which the House 
stood adjourned, they are hereby authorized to send their 
Sergeant-at-Arms, or any other person or persons by them 
authorized, with a warrant duly executed, for any and all 
absent members, as the majority of such as are present 
may agree, and at the expense of such absent members, 
respectively, unless such excuse for non-attendance shall 
be rendered as the House, when a quorum is convened, 
shall judge sufficient. Immediately after the appointment 
of the Standing Committees, the members shall arrange 
among themselves their several seats appropriated to their 
counties; and in case of disagreement, the same shall be 
decided by lot. 

OF THE DUTIES OF THE SPEAKER. 

4. He shall take the chair at the hour to which the House 
shall have adjourned, and immediately call the members 
to order; and on the appearance of a quorum, shall cause 
the journal of the preceding day to be read, which may 
then be corrected by the House. 

5. He shall preserve order and decorum, and in debate 
shall prevent personal reflections, and confine members 
to the question under discussion; but he shall not engage 
in any debate, nor propose his opinion on any question, 
without first calling on some member to occupy the chair. 
When two or more members rise at the same time, he 
shall name the one entitled to the floor. 



78 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

6. He shall decide questions of order, subject to an ap- 
peal to the House, when demanded by any four members, 
on which appeal no member shall speak more than once, 
unless by leave of the House. 

7. All questions before the House shall be stated by the 
Speaker, and distinctly put in the following form, to wit: 
"As many as are in favor of (the question) will say aye;" 
and after the affirmative is expressed, "Those of a con- 
trary opinion, no." If the Speaker doubts, or a division be 
called for, the House shall divide; those in the affirmative 
of the question shall first rise from their seats, and after- 
wards those in the negative; and in case of an equal divi- 
sion, the Speaker shall decide. 

8. All Committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, un- 
less otherwise specially directed by the House. 

9. All acts, addresses and joint resolutions shall be signed 
by the Speaker; and all writs, warrants and subpoenas is- 
sued by the order of the House shall be under his hand 
and seal, and attested by the Clerk. If the Speaker be ab- 
sent, a less number of members than a quorum may ap- 
point a Speaker pro tempore, who may sign any warrants, 
or perform any act requisite to bring in absent members. 

10. He shall have a general direction of the hall, and he 
may name a member to perform the duties of the Chair; 
but such substitution shall not extend beyond a second 
adjournment. 

OF THE ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

11. After the reading of the journal, the business of the 
first meeting of each day shall be conducted in the follow- 
ing manner, to wit: 

I. Letters, petitions and memorials, remonstrances and 
accompanying documents may be presented and dis- 
posed of. 

II. Reports of Committees may be read. 

III. Original resolutions may be offered and considered; 
items of unfinished business referred; motions to recon- 
sider and to appoint additional members of Committees 
made; and leave of absence, leave to withdraw documents, 
and leave to introduce bills asked. 

LEAVE FOR BILLS AND TO INTRODUCE BILLS. 

IV. Bills and joint resolutions on a third reading may be 
taken up. 

V. The House shall then proceed in the order of the day, 
preference being always given to the unfinished business 
of the previous sitting; after which bills and joint resolu- 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 79 

tions on a second reading- shall be taken in their order; 
and the House, in its afternoon session, will proceed to 
business as though there had been no adjournment of its 
morning session, excepting that original resolutions, and 
leave to introduce bills of Committees, be the first business 
in the afternoon session; and shall, on demand of the ma- 
jority, proceed with the order of the day. 

12. The Clerk shall make a list of all public bills and 
joint resolutions. He shall keep a separate calendar of 
private bills. No bills for granting-, continuing-, altering, 
amending, or renewing a charter for any corporation, 
other than a municipal corporation, shall be placed on the 
calendar of public bills. All bills, public and private, shall 
be numbered according to the time of their introduction 
intOi the House. They shall be taken up and considered 
in the order of time in which they were reported, or or- 
dered to a third reading, as appears by the calendar; and 
the calendar shall be proceeded in until all the bills there- 
on are called up before the comm^encement of the calendar 
anew. 

13. All messages shall be sent from this House to the 
Senate by the Clerk. 

OF DECORUM AND DEBATE. 

14. When a member is about to speak in debate, or com- 
municate any matter to the House, he shall rise from his 
seat and respectfully address himself to the Speaker, con- 
fining- himself to the question under debate, and avoiding 
personality. 

15. If any member in debate transgress the rules of the 
House, the Speaker shall, or any member may, call him 
to order, in which case the member so called to order shall 
immediately sit down, unless permitted to explain. The 
House shall, if appealed to, decide on the case, but with- 
out debate; if there be no appeal, the decision of the Chair 
shall be submitted to. If the decision be in favor of the 
member called to order, he shall I5e at liberty to proceed; 
if otherwise, he shall not be permitted to proceed without 
leave of the House, and if the case require it, he shall be 
liable to censure of the House. 

16. If a member be called to order for words spoken in 
debate, the person calling him to order shall repeat the 
words excepted to, and they shall be taken down in writ- 
ing at the Clerk's table; and no member shall be held to 
answer, or be subject to the censure of the House, for 
words spoken in debate, if any other member has spoken, 



80 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

or other business has intervened after the words spoken, 
and before exception to them shall have been taken. 

17. No member shall speak more than twice, or longer 
than five minutes each time, without leave of the House. 

18. While the Speaker is putting any question, or ad- 
dressing the House, none shall walk out of or across the 
hall; nor in such case, or when a member is speaking, 
shall anyone entertain private discourse; nor shall anyone, 
while a member is speaking, pass between him and the 
Chair, 

19. No member shall vote on any question in the event of 
which he is particularly interested, nor in any case where 
he was not within the bar of the House when the question 
was put. 

20. Every member who shall be in the House when the 
question is put shall give his vote, unless the House for 
special reasons shall excuse him. All motions to excuse a 
member from voting shall be made before the House di- 
vides, or before the call of the yeas and nays is com- 
menced; any member requesting to be excused from vot- 
ing may make a brief verbal statement of the reasons for 
such request, and the question shall then be taken without 
further debate. 

21. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to 
the House shall be presented by the Speaker, or by a mem- 
ber in his place; a brief statement of the contents thereof 
shall be made by the introducer, and, if called upon, he 
shall declare that it does not, in his opinion,- contain any 
indecent or reproachful language, or any expressions of 
disrespect to the House, or any committee of the same. 

22. It shall be the duty of the Sergeant-at-Arms, at all 
times, not to allow any person to smoke in the Assembly 
chamber. 

ON MOTIONS. 

23. Evfery motion shall be reduced to writing, if the 
Speaker or any member desire it. 

24. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be 
stated by the Speaker, or being in writing, it shall be 
handed to the Chair and read aloud by the Clerk, when it 
shall be deemed to be in the possession of the House and 
open to debate; but it may be withdrawn at any time be- 
fore a decision or amendment. 

25. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received but — 

1. To adjourn. 

2. A call of the House. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 81 

3. To lay on the table. 

4. For the previous question. 

5. To postpone indefinitely. 

6. To postpone to a day certain. 

7. To go into a Committee of the Whole on the pending 

subject immediately. 

8. To commit to a Committee of the Whole. 

9. To commit to a Standing Committee. 

10. To commit to a Select Committee. 

11. To amend. 

Which several motions shall have precedence in the order 
in which they are stated, and no motion to postpone to a 
day certain, to commit, or to postpone indefinitely, being 
decided, shall be again allowed on the same day, and at 
the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

26. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill or 
joint resolution shall have precedence of a motion to 
amend, and if carried shall be considered equivalent to its 
rejection. 

27. A motion to adjourn shall be always in order, except 
when the House is voting, or while a member is addressing 
the House, or immediately after the question to adjourn 
has been negatived; that, and the motion to lay on the 
table, shall be decided without debate. 

28. Any member may call for a division of the question, 
which shall be divided if it comprehends questions so dis- 
tinct that one being taken away from the rest may stand 
entire for the decision of the House; a motion to strike 
out and insert shall be deemed indivisible; but a motion to 
strike out being lost, shall preclude neither amendment 
nor a motion to strike out and insert. 

29. When any motion shall be made and seconded, the 
same shall, at the request of any two members, be en- 
tered on the Journal of the House. 

30. When a motion has been once- made and carried in 
the aflJirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any 
member who voted with the prevailing party to move for 
the reconsideration thereof, on the same day or on the 
next day of actual session of the House thereafter; all 
motions may be reconsidered, by a majority of the mem- 
bers present; but bills, to be reconsidered, must have the 
same majority that would be necessary to pass them; and 
such vote, on motion to reconsider, shall be by taking the 
yeas and nays. 

31. When a blank is to be filled, the question shall first 
be taken on the largest sum, or greatest number, and re- 
motest day. 

6 



82 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

32. The yeas and nays shall be entered on the Journal of 
the House, when moved for and seconded by five members, 
and in taking- the yeas and nays the names of the mem- 
bers, including- the Speaker, shall be called alphabetically. 

33. The previous question shall be put in this form: 
"Shall the main question be now put?" It shall only be 
admitted when demanded by a majority of the mernbers 
present, and its effect shall be, if decided affirmatively, to 
put an end to all debate, and bring the House to a direct 
vote upon amendments reported by a committee, if any, 
then upon pending amendments, and then upon the main 
question; if decided in the negative, to leave the main 
question and amendments If any, under debate for the 
residue of the sitting, unless sooner disposed of by taking 
the question, or in some other manner. All incidental 
questions of order arising after a motion is made for the 
previous question, and pending such motion, shall be de- 
cided, whether on appeal or otherwise, without debate. 

34. After the Clerk has commenced calling the yeas and 
nays on any question, no motion shall be received until a 
decision shall have been announced by the Chair. 

OF COMMITTEES. 

35. The following- Standing Committees shall be appoint- 
ed at the commencement of the session, until otherwise 
ordered: 

A Committee of Ways and Means. 

A Committee on Bill Revision. 

A Committee on the Judiciary. 

A Committee on Agriculture and Agricultural College. 

A Committee on Appropriations. 

A Committee on Education. 

A Committee on Elections. 

A Committee on Printed Bills. 

A Committee on Municipal Corporations. 

A Committee on Boroughs and Borough Commissions. 

A Committee on Militia. 

A Committee on Clainis and Revolutionary Pensions. 

A Committee on Corporations. 

A Committee on Banks and Insurance. 

A Committee on Unfinished Business. 

A Committee on Incidental Expenses. 

A Committee on Stationery. 

A Committee on Riparian Rights. 

A Committee on Revision of Laws. 

A Committee on Game and Fisheries. 

A Committee on Miscellaneous Business. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 83 

A Committee on Railroads and Canals. 
A Committee on Labor and Industries. 
A Committee on Towns and Townships. 
A Committee on Public Health. 
A Committee on Federal Relations. 
A Committee on Commerce and Navigation. 
Which several committees shall consist of five members 
each. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

The following- Joint Committees, of five members each, 
shall also be appointed to act conjointly with correspond- 
ing committees to be appointed by the Senate: 

A Committee on the Treasurer's Accounts. > 

A Committee on the State Prison. 

A Committee on Printing. 

A Committee on the State Library. 

A Committee on the State Hospitals. 

A Committee on Public Grounds and Buildings. 

A Committee on Passed Bills. 

A Committee on Sinking Fund. 

A Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

A Committee on Reform School for Boys. 

A Committee on Industrial School for Girls. 

A Committee on the New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes. 

36. The several Standing Committees of the House shall 
have leave to report by bill or otherwise. 

37. No committee shall sit during the sitting of the House, 
without special leave. 

38. All committees appointed at the first sitting shall con- 
tinue to act during every subsequent sitting of the same 
Legislature, or until they have reported on the business 
committed to them, or have been discharged. 

OF TPIE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE. 

39. In forming a Committee of the Whole House, the 
Speaker shall leave his chair, and a chairman to preside 
in committee shall be appointed by the Speaker. 

40. The rules of proceeding in the House shall be ob- 
served, as far as practicable, in Committee of the Whole, 
except that any member may speak oftener than twice 
on the same subject, but shall not speak a second time 
until every member choosing to speak shall have spoken; 
nor shall a motion for the previous question be made 
therein. 

41. All amendments made in Committee of the Whole 
shall be noted by the Clerk, but need not be read by the 



84 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Speaker on his resuming the chair, unless required by the 
House. 

ON BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. 

42. All bills and joint resolutions shall be introduced by 
motion for leave, or on the report of a committee, and 
the member offering- the same shall indorse his name on 
them, that the committee may confer with him should 
they so desire. 

43. Every bill and joint resolution shall receive three sep- 
arate readings in the House previous to its passage, but no 
bill or joint resolution shall be read twice on the same 
day, without special order of the House. 

44. All bills and joint resolutions shall, after their first 
reading, be printed for the use of the members, and re- 
ferred to their appropriate committees. 

45. All bills and joint resolutions may be made the order 
of a particular day, on which day they shall be taken up 
in preference to others on the calendar; and the calendar 
of private bills shall not be taken up until the calendar of 
public bills shall have been been gone through with. 

46. All bills and joint resolutions, previous to their final 
passage by the House, all petitions, motions and reports, 
may be committed at the pleasure of the House. And the 
recommitment of any bill or resolution, when the same 
has been ordered to a third reading, Shall have the effect 
of placing the same upon the second reading. 

47. Printed bills and joint resolutions shall be used on 
their second and third readings, and no amendment shall 
be received to any bill or joint resolution on its third read- 
ing. 

48. When bills or joint resolutions are introduced, the 
Clerk of the House shall forthwith deliver the same to the 
Supervisor of Bills, who shall prepare them for printing 
in conformity with the rules defining the duties of said 
officer. 

49. Original bills and joint resolutions, after being print- 
ed, shall be delivered by the .said Supervisor of Bills to the 
Clerk. 

.")0. Bills and joint resolutions originating in and passed 
by the House and amended ))y the Senate, when concurred 
in by the House, shall be delivered by the Clerk to the 
Supervisor of Bills for re-pri. ting. 

51. Bills and joint resolutions which have passed their 
second reading, together with all amendments thereto, 
shall be delivered by the Clerk to the Supervisor of Bills, 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 85 

who shall see that the same are in proper form for print- 
ing for third reading. 

52. When the Supervisor of Bills receives from the printer 
the bill or joint resolution ordered to a third reading 
and the same shall be found correct, he shall affix his 
official stamp to each page of the copy to be used as the 
official copy and intended to be submitted to the Governor 
for his approval and shall deliver the same to the Clerk. 

53. Two copies of every bill and of every joint resolution 
ordered to a third reading shall be printed on good bond 
paper, to be approved by the Supervisor of Bills, one of 
which copies shall be retained in his office and the other 
of which shall be delivered to the Clerk, to be used there- 
after as the official copy of said bill or joint resolution. 

54. The Supervisor of Bills shall have printed, for the 
use of the members of the Legislature, at least one hun- 
dred copies of every bill or joint resolution ordered to a 
third reading, which shall be known and designated as 
"Official Copy Re-print." The Supervisor of Bills shall 
deliver twenty-one copies of all bills and joint resolutions 
designated as "Official Copy Re-print" to the Secretary of 
the Senate, and sixty copies to the Clerk of the House, and 
he shall retain the remainder in his own custody, for the 
use of State and Legislative officers. 

55. Except as otherwise provided, the system and pro- 
cedure which have heretofore prevailed shall be followed in 
the preparation of all bills and joint resolvitions for their 
various readings, as far as practicable. 

56. On a motion to strike out any item in the incidental 
bill, the question to be submitted to the House shall be, 
"Shall the item be retained in the bill?" and a majority 
of all the members of the House shall be necessary to 
adopt the same. 

57. After the introduction of any private bill, the appli- 
cants for said bill shall, at their own expense, furnish the 
usual number of copies for the use of the members, unless 
the printing thereof be dispensed with by a special order 
of the House. 

58. On the question of the final passage of all bills and 
joint resolutions, the yeas and nays shall be entered on 
the Journal of the House. 

59. Whenever a bill or resolution that has passed the 
House shall be carried to the Senate, all papers and docu- 
ments relating thereto, on the files of the House, shall be 
carried with such bill or resolution to the Senate. 



86 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

OF RULES. 

60. 'No standing rule or orcier of the House shall be re- 
scinded or changed without one day's notice being given of 
the motion therefor; nor shall any rule be suspended ex- 
cept by a vote of the majority of the whole number of 
members of the House. 

61. When an Assembly bill is returned amended by the 
Senate, the report thereof by the Secretary of the Senate 
shall be taken as the first reading, and the same be en- 
titled to a second reading, without a motion for that pur- 
pose; after its second reading, the question shall be, "Shall 
the Senate amendments to Assembly bill No. — have a 
third reading?" If ordered to a third reading, the amend- 
ments shall be read, but these readings shall be on differ- 
ent days; the question shall then be, "Will the House of 
Assembly concur in the Senate amendments to Assemblj^ 
bill No. — ?" upon which question the votes shall be by 
yeas and nays. If concurred in by a majority of the whole 
House, the bill shall be re-printed, the amendments em- 
bodied therein, and the re-printed bill examined and re- 
ported upon by the Committee on Printed Bills, and read 
in open Assembly, to the end that it may be known to be 
correctly printed, and then signed and certified as other 
bills. 

62. Cushing's Manual shall in all cases, when not in con-- 
flict with the rules adopted by the House, be considered 
and held as standard authority. 

63. No person shall be allowed on the floor of the House 
during its sessions except State officers and members and 
officers of the Senate, unless by written permission of the 
Speaker. 

64. No committee of this House shall report a bill ad- 
versely without notifying the introducer of the bill; nor 
shall such adverse report be acted upon unless the intro- 
ducer of the bill is in his seat. 

65. After the calling of the roll has been commenced upon 
any question, no member shall be permitted to explain his 
vote. 

66. Every bill amended in the House, after its report by 
the committee to which it was referred upon introduction, 
shall, when ordered to be printed and have a third reading, 
be delivered to the Committee on Bill Revision, whose duty 
it shall be to examine the same, and if it be found that 
such amendment agrees with the context the" bill shall 
then be printed. If in the opinion of the committee such 
amendment is, as to form, improper, they shall report to 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 87 

the House with such recommendation as they think lit. 
Sucli report shall be made promptly. 

67. That hereafter any motion or resolution which will 
result in relieving a standing committee of a bill referred 
to it, shall not be entertained unless twenty-four hours' 
notice shall be given the House of the introduction of such 
motion or resolution. 



88 JOINT RULES AND ORDERS. 

JOINT RULES AND ORDERS 

OF THE 

SENATE AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



1. In every case of an amendment of a bill agreed to in 
one House and dissented from in the other, if either House 
shall request a conference and appoint a committee for 
that purpose, and the other House shall also appoint a 
committee to confer, such committee shall, at a conven- 
ient hour, to be agreed on by their respective chairmen, 
meet in conference, and state to each other, verbally or 
in writing, as either shall choose, the reasons of their re- 
spective houses for and against the amendment, and con- 
fer freely thereon. 

2. After each House shall have adhered to its disagree- 
ment, a bill or resolution shall be lost. 

3. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in 
one House is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be 
sent to the House in which the same shall have passed. 

4. Each House, in which any bill or resolution shall have 
passed, shall transmit therewith to the other House, all 
papers and documents relating to the same. 

5. When a message shall be sent from either House to 
the other it shall be announced at the door of the House 
by the doorkeeper, and shall be respectfully communi- 
cated to the Chair by the person by whom it is sent. 

6. After a bill shall have passed both Houses it shall be 
delivered by the Clerk of the Assembly or the Secretary 
of the Senate, as the bill may have originated in one House 
or the other, to a Joint Committee on Passed Bills, of 
two from each House, appointed as a Standing Commit- 
tee for that purpose, and shall be presented by said Com- 
mittee to the Governor for his approbation, it being first 
indorsed on the back of the bill certifying in which House 
the same originated, which indorsement shall be signed 
by the Secretary or Clerk, as the case may be, of the 
House in which the same did originate, and shall be en- 
tered on the Journal of each House. The said committee 
shall report on the day of presentation to the Governor, 
which time shall also be carefully entered on the Journa] 
of each House. 



CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. 89 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION 

OF 1844. 



List of Delegates elected to the Convention to form a 
g-overnment for the people of the State of New Jersey, 
which met at Trenton, on May 14th, 1844, and continued 
to June 29th of the same year. The constitution was agreed 
to in convention by a vote of 55 to 1 (Mr. Condit), Mr. 
Stokes being excused from voting. It was ratified by the 
people on August 13th, 1844, by a vote of 20,276 for, and 
3,526 against, 69 ballots iDeing rejected. The figures indicate 
the ages of the respective members. The compiler of this 
work is indebted to Hon. G. D. W. Vroom, of Trenton, for 
the important data given. 

Atlantic County.— Jonathan Pitney, 46, physician. 

Bergen County.— John Cassedy, 47, gentleman; Alexander 
Westervelt, 50, gentleman. 

Burlington County.— William R. Allen, 42, farmer; Jon- 
athan J. Spencer, 51, physician; Charles Stokes, 52, farm- 
er; John C. Ten Eyck, 30, lawyer; Moses Wills, 51, mer- 
chant. 

Camden County.— Abraham Browning, 35, lawyer; John 
W. Mickle, 50, mariner. 

Cape May County.— Joshua Swain, 66, farmer. 

Cumberland County.— Joshua Brick, 62, farmer; Daniel 
Elmer, 59, lawyer; William B. Ewing, 68, physician. 

Essex County.— Silas Condit, 66, gentleman; Oliver S. 
Halsted, 51, lawyer; Joseph C. Hornblower, 67, lawyer; 
David Naar, 43, farmer; William Stites, 52, merchant; 
Elias Van Arsdale, 73, lawyer; Isaac H. Williamson, 71, 
lawyer. 

Gloucester County.— John R. Sickler, 43, physician; 
Charles C. Stratton, 48, farmer. 

Hudson County.— Robert Gilchrist, 52, county clerk. 

Hunterdon County.— Peter I. Clark, 53, lawyer; David 
Neighbour, 46, merchant; Jonathan Pickle, 45, farmer; 
Alexander Wurts, 48, lawyer. 

Mercer County.— Richard S. Field, 39, lawyer; Henry W. 
Green, 39, lawyer; John R. Thomson, 43, gentleman. 

Middlesex County.— Moses Jaques, 73, farmer; James 
Parker, 68, farmer; Joseph F. Randolph, 40, lawyer; James 
C. ZabrisKie, 40, tailor. 

Monmouth County.— Bernard Connolly, 40, printer; Geo. 



90 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. 

F. Fort. 35. physician; Thomas G. Haight, 49, farmer; Dan- 
iel Holmes, 50, farmer; Robert Laird, 32, physician. 

Morris County.— Francis Child, 51, farmer; Mahlon Dick- 
erson, 73, lawj'er; Ephraim Marsh, 48, farmer; William N. 
Wood, 38, lawyer. 

Passaic County.— Elias B. D. Ogden, 44, lawyer; Andrew 
Parsons, 53, merchant. 

Salem County.— Alexander G. Cattell, 28, merchant; John 
H. Lambert, 45, merchant; Richard P. Thompson, 39, attor- 
ne5''-general. 

Somerset County.— George H. Brown, 34, lawyer; Ferdi- 
nand S. Schenck, 54, physician; Peter D. Vroom, 52, law- 
yer. 

Sussex County.— John Bell, 58, merchant; Joseph E. Ed- 
sall, 54, manufacturer; Martin Ryerson, 29, lawyer. 

Warren County.— Samuel Hibbler, 44, painter; P. B. Ken- 
nedy, 42, lawyer; R, S. Kennedy, 41, farmer. 

Presidents of the Convention — Isaac H. Williamson, Es- 
sex (resigned June 28th, 1844); Alexander Wurts, Hunter- 
don. 

Vice President— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 

Secretary— William Paterson, 27, lawyer, Middlesex. 

Assistant Secretary— Th. S. Saunders, 35, physician, Glou- 
cester. 

Recapitulation.— Lav/yers, 20; farmers, 14; physicians, 7; 
merchants, 7; other professions, 10; ex-Governors, 3; ex- 
Members of Congress, 7. Four between 70 and 80 years of 
age; six between 60 and 70; seventeen between 50 and 60; 
twenty between 40 and 50; nine between 30 and 40; two 
under 30. 

The only survivor on January 1st, 1901, was Robert Laird. 



CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION. 1873. 91 

CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION 

OF 1873. 



On April 4th, 1873, the Legislature passed a concurrent 
resolution empowering- the Governor to appoint, by and 
with the advice of the Senate, a commission of two persons 
from each Congressional District, to suggest and propose 
arriendments to the State Constitution for submission to 
and consideration by the next two Legislatures, and after- 
wards to be submitted to a vote of the people. 

On April 24th, of the same year. Governor Parker nomi- 
nated the following gentlemen, who were duly confirmed 
by the Senate: 

First District— Benjamin F. Carter, Woodbury; Samuel 
H. Grey, Camden. Second District— Mercer Beasley, Tren- 
ton; John C. Ten Eyck, Mount Holly. Third District- 
Robert S. Green, Elizabeth; John F. Babcock, New Bruns- 
wick. Fourth District— Martin Ryerson and Jacob L. 
Swayze, both of Newton. Fifth District— Augustus W. 
Cutler, Morristown; Benjamin Buckley, Paterson. Sixth 
District— Theodore Runyon and John W. Taylor, both of 
Newark. Seventh District— Abraham O. Zabriskie and 
Robert Gilchrist, both of Jersey City. 

Shortly afterwards Chief Justice Mercer Beasley declined 
to serve, and Philemon Dickinson, of Trenton, was ap- 
pointed in his stead. Martin Ryerson resigned and Joseph 
Thompson, of Somerset, was appointed to fill the vacancy. 
Chancellor Theodore Runyon also declined and George J. 
Ferry, of Orange, was appointed in his stead. Ex-Chan- 
cellor Zabriskie was unanimously elected president of the 
Commission, and upon his decease, which occurred in a 
short time afterwards, Dudley S. Gregory, of Jersey City, 
was appointed to fill the vacancy in the Seventh District. 
John C. Ten Eyck was elected president, vice Zabriskie, 
deceased. The secretaries were Joseph L. Naar and Ed- 
ward J. Anderson, both of Trenton. Subsequently Robert 
Gilchrist resigned and William Brinkerhoff, of Jersey City, 
was appointed in his place. John W. Taylor also resigned 
and Algernon S. Hubbell, of Newark, was appointed in his 
place. 

The first session of the Commission was held on May 8th, 
1873, and the last on December 23d, of the same year. The 
amendments submitted were partially adopted by the two 
succeeding Legislatures, and were ratified by a vote of the 
people at a special election held on September 7th, 1875. 



92 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION, 1894. 

CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION 

1894. 



In pursuance of a Joint Resolution of the Legislature, 
approved on May 17th, 1894, "for the appointment of Com- 
missioners to report amendments of the system of juris- 
prudence of this State, and provide for the election of cer- 
tain officers by the people," Governor Werts sent the fol- 
lowing nominations to the Senate, all of which were con- 
Armed: 

At Large— John P. Stockton, Trenton; Allan L. McDer- 
mott, Jersey Citj^; Samuel H. Grey, Camden; and William 
Walter Phelps. Englewood. 

First District— George Hires, Salem; Howard Carrow, 
Camden. Second District— William M. Lanning, Trenton; 
Edward D. Stokes, Mount Holly. Third District— Henry 
Mitchell. Asbury Park; George C. Ludlow, New Bruns- 
wick. Fourth District — John Franklin Fort, East Orange; 
Carman F. Randolph, Morristown. Fifth District— Garret 
A. Hobart, Paterscn; John D. Probst, Englewood. Sixth 
District— Edward Balbach, Jr., and Frederick Freling- 
huysen, Newark. Seventh District— Edwin A. Stevens, 
Hoboken; Joseph D. Bedle, Jersey City. Eighth District- 
John Kean, Jr., Elizabeth; John McC. Morrow, Newark. 

Messrs. Hobart and Balbach declined to serve on the 
Commission, and their places were filled by the appoint- 
ment of Eugene Emley, of Paterson, and E. Cortlandt 
Drake, of Newark. 

On Tuesday, June 5th, the Commission met in the Senate 
Chamber, at Trenton, and organized by the election of 
Samuel H. Grey as President; George C. Ludlow, Vice 
President, and Joseph L. Naar, of Trenton, Secretary. 
The last session of the Commission was held on Septem- 
ber 25th. Several amendments were suggested by the Com- 
mission and submitted, through the Governor, to the Leg- 
islature, none of which were adopted by that body. 



SPECIAL ELECTION, 1897. • 93 

SPECIAL ELECTION— 1897. 



A special election was held on Tuesday, September 28th, 
1897, on proposed amendments to the State Constitution. 

One made paragraph 2, Section VII., of Article IV., read 
as follows: 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the legislature or 
otherwise in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bought or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling, 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

This was adopted by a vote of 70,443 to 69,642. 

Another made the following addition to Section XII. of 
Article V. : 

No person who shall have been nominated to the senate 
by the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

This was adopted by a vote of 73,722 to 66,296. 

Another amended Section I., Article 11., as follows: 

And every female citizen of the United States of the age 
of twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of 
this State one year and of the county of which she claims 
her vote five months next before said meeting, shall be 
entitled to vote at any school meeting held in any school 
district of this State, in which she may reside, for mem- 
bers of boards of education and all other school officers 
that now are or hereafter may be elected at such meet- 
ings. 

This was defeated, the affirmative vote being 65,021 and 
the negative 75,170. 

The amendments adopted became a part of the Consti- 
tution on October 26th, 1897, the date of the Governors 
proclamation to that effect. 

The following is the vote in detail by counties; 



94 ■ SPECIAL ELECTION. 1897. 



Anti- Ad-interim Woman ^ 
Gambling. Ap'ntm'ts. Suffrage. ;j p 



.^w_ 



(t 



y l> *^ ^ *^ p*- 



o otq o ftp o og ^^ 

COUNTIES. ^ £ ^ e. ^ ^. P^t 



S 3 

CO 



Atlantic 1,193 1,173 1,210 1,155 1,150 1,216 13 

Bergen 2,926 2,099 3,130 1,895 2,703 2,432 41 

Burlington 3,437 2,279 3,563 2.151 3,431 2,286 43 

Camden 5,406 5,304 5,577 5,124 4,899 5,804 59 

Cape May 784 202 800 186 755 231 4 

Cumberland 2,957 586 2,925 619 2,662 881 14 

Essex 12,089 12,213 12,713 11,590 10,445 13,853 211 

Gloucester 2,332 1,190 2,271 1,251 2,035 1,491 5 

Hudson 7,342 16,512 8,293 15,558 7,43116.413 160 

Hunterdon 2,320 753 2,320 753 2,142 931 14 

Mercer 3,560 4,673 3,795 4,433 3,412 4,818 73 

Middlesex 3,096 2,619 3,428 2,282 2,518 3,196 29 

Monmouth 3,633 4,429 4,061 4,002 3,906 4,154 82 

Morris 3,384 1,191 3,397 1,153 3,140 1,435 48 

Ocean 857 616 888 585 803 670 12 

Passaic 4,051 5,734 4,188 5,582 3,752 6,031 51 

Salem 1,658 524 1.619 563 1,573 609 3 

Somerset 1.900 733 1.892 741 1.616 1,017 8 

Sussex 921 323 982 202 892 352 4 

Union 4,543 5,766 4,607 5,696 3,915 6,413 80 

Warren 2,054 723 2,063 715 1,841 937 7 

Totals 70.443 69.642 73,722 66,296 65,021 75,170 9G1 

Majority 801 7,426 10,K9 

The following counties gave majorities in favor of the 
anti-gambling amendment: 

Atlantic, 20; Bergen, 827; Burlington. 1,158; Camden, 102; 
Cape May, 582; Cumberland, 2,371; Gloucester, 1.142; Hun- 
terdon, 1,567; Middlesex, 477; Morris, 2,193; Ocean, 241; 
Salem, 1,134; Somerset, 1,167; Sussex, 598; Warren, 1,331. 
Total, 14,910. 

The following counties gave majorities against the 
amendment: 

Essex, 124; Hudson, 9,170; Mercer, 1,113; Monmouth, 796; 
Passaic, 1,683; Union, 1,223. Total, 14,109. 

Net majority for the amendment, 801. 



THE EXECUTIVE. 96 



THE EXECUTIVE. 



PREROGATIVES AND DUTIES OF THE GOVERNOR. 

The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; is President (ex-ofRcio) of 
the Board of Trustees of Princeton and Rutgers Colleges, 
and also of Burlington College, and of the Board of Man- 
agers of the Geological Survey. He is Chairman of the 
State Board of Canvassers, and has power to fill any 
vacancy for New Jersey that may occur in the United 
States Senate, during a recess of the Legislature. 

He is a member of the following Boards: Trustees of 
School Fund; Riparian Commissioners; Court of Pardons; 
Commissioners of Agricultural College Fund; Premium 
Committee of the New Jersey State Agricultural Society; 
Commissioners of the State Library and State House Com- 
mission. 

With the advice and consent of the Senate, he has the 
power of appointing the following officers: Chancellor, 
Chief Justice; Judges of the Supreme Court and Circuit 
Courts; Inferior Courts and Lay Judges of the Court of 
Errors and A.ppeals; Attorney-General, Secretary of State, 
Clerk of the Court of Chancery, Clerk of the Supreme 
Court, Keeper of the State Prison, a Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, a Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, Prosecutors of the Pleas, Visitors to the State 
Board of Agriculture, State Board of Assessors, State 
Board of Education, Chief of Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
Major-General, Quartermaster-General, Adjutant-General, 
Inspector of Factories and Workshops, Supervisor of the 
State Prison, six Inspectors of the State Prison, Commis- 
sioners of Pilotage, the Board of Managers of the State 
Hospitals, the Trustees of the Jamesburg Reform School 
and the State Industrial School for Girls, Judges of the 
District Courts, Riparian Commissioners, Commissioners 
of Fisheries, Managers for the Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women, Port Wardens and Harbor Masters, State Board 
of Medical Examiners. 

Without the consent of the Senate: Foreign Commis- 
sioners of Deeds; New Jersey State Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation, and State Board of Health, State Board of 
Dentistry, Inspectors of Steamboats, Private Secretary, 
Notaries Public, Moral Instructors of the State Prison, 



96 THE EXECUTIVE. 

Railroad Policemen, and fill all vacancies that occur in any 
office during a recess of the Legislature, which offices are 
to be filled by the Governor and Senate, or Legislature 
in Joint Meeting; also, vacancies happening in the offices 
of Clerk or Surrogate in any county; issues warrants for 
the admission of blind and feeble-minded children into 
institutions; grants requisitions and renditions, and has 
power to offer rewards for apprehending and securing 
persons charged with certain crimes; signs or vetoes all 
bills and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature; has 
power to convene the Legislature, or Senate alone, if, in 
his opinion, public necessity requires it; grants, under 
the Great Seal of the State, commissions to all such officers 
as require to be commissioned; has right to borrow money 
for the State; sign all leases or grants issued by the Ripar- 
ian Commissioners; he has power to reprieve in cases of 
capital punishment, and to suspend fines at any time not 
exceeding ninety days after conviction, and in case of par- 
don or commutation of sentence, the Governor's vote in 
the affirmative is necessary. 

Besides all these duties, the Governor finds it necessary 
to read and answer a large mass of correspondence, which 
comes to the department daily. All bills and joint resolu- 
tions passed by the Legislature are compared, and then 
indexed in the Executive Department, before presentation 
to the Governor. 

He receives a salary of $10,000 a year, and is not allowed 
any fees or perquisites whatever. 

His term of office is three years. 

OFFICES FILLED BY THE LEGISLATURE IN JOINT 
MEETING. 

State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Commissioners of 
Deeds and State Director of Railroads and Canals. 



COUNTIES, CITIES AND BOROUGHS. 97 

CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTIES, CITIES 
AND BOROUGHS. 



COUNTIES. 

(See act of March 22, 1901.) 

First Class— Having a population exceeding 200,000. 
Hudson, 386,048; Essex, 359,053. 

Second Class— Having a population of not less than 
50,000 nor more than 200,000. Passaic, 155,202; Camden, 107,- 
643; Union, 99,353; Mercer, 95,365; Monmouth, 82,057; Middle- 
sex, 79,762; Bergen, 78,441; Morris, 65,156; Burlington, 58,241; 
Cumberland, 51,193. 

Third Class— Having a population of not less than 20,000 
nor more than 50,000. Atlantic, 46,402; Warren, 37,781; Hun- 
terdon, 34,507; Somerset, 32,948; Gloucester, 31,905; Salem, 
25,530; Sussex, 24,134. 

Fourth Class— All counties not embraced in the first, sec- 
ond or third class. Ocean, 19,747; Cape May, 13,201. 

CITIES. 

(See act of March 18, 1901.) 

First Class— Having a population exceeding 150,000. 
Newark, 246,070; Jersey City, 206,433. 

Second Class— Having a population of not less than 12,000 
nor more than 150,000. Paterson, 105,171; Camden, 75,935; 
Trenton, 73,307; Hoboken, 59,374; Elizabeth, 52,130; Bayonne, 
32,722; Passaic, 27,777; Orange, 24,141; East Orange, 21,506; 
New Brunswick, 20,006; Perth Amboy, 17,699; Plainfield, 
K,369; Bridgeton, 13,913. 

Third Class— All cities not embraced within either the 
first or second class, except cities binding upon the Atlan- 
tic Ocean and being seaside and summer resorts. 

Fourth Class— All cities binding upon the Atlantic Ocean 
and being seaside or summer resorts. 

BOROUGHS. 

(See act of March 23. 1883, and Supreme Court decision. 

State, Borough of Hightstown, pros., vs. James Glenn, 

18 Vr.. page 105.) 

First Class— Having a population exceeding 3,000. 

Second Class— Having a, population between 1,500 and 
3,000. 

Third Class— All boroughs and incorporated villages not 
contained in the first and second classes. 



98 THE STATE CAPITOL. 



STATE INSTITUTIONS. 



THE STATE CAPITOL.. 

This edifice, a massive structure, erected at sundry times 
and various periods, is located on West State street, at 
the corner of Delaware street, running: thence westerly 
along State street to the grounds of the late ex-Chancellor 
Groen, and southerly to the Water Power. The location 
is a good one, and although the style of the building is 
not modern, yet it answers the purposes for which it was 
intended, even if it does not present a very imposing 
appearance. 

The seat of Government was fixed at Trenton by an act 
of the Legislature, approved November 25th, 1790. James 
Cooper, Thomas Lowery, James Ewing, Maskell Ewing, 
George Anderson, James Mott and Moore Furman were 
appointed commissioners to select, purchase or accept so 
much land as was needed, and to erect thereon suitable 
buildings for the use of the Legislature. They purchased 
the present site, containing about three and three-quarters 
acres — a frontage on Second street (now West State street) 
of 247 feet and 6 inches, and a depth from the front to low 
water line of the Delaware river of 666 feet— at a cost of 
£250 5s. The old State House was a plain, bare-looking, 
rought-cast building, and was erected at a cost of £3,992 
3s. ^/4d. By an act of March 4th, 1795, a building was erecled 
to serve as an office for the Secretary of State, and for the 
preservation of the public records, at a cost of £620 19s. lOd. 
Numerous improvements and repairs were made, and on 
March 3d, 1806, an act was passed appointing commission- 
ers to make certain repairs to the State House, to provide 
and hang a suitable bell, &c. This was done, and the bell 
was used for informing the members of both houses, as 
well as the courts, of the hour of meeting. The bell was 
eventually discarded, and an American flag substituted, 
which waves from the building unto this day, when the 
Legislature is in session, and upon holidays and State occa- 
sions. In 1848, the State House was altered by the removal 
of the rough-casting, and changing the front to the style 
of the Mercer County Court House, placing neat porticoes 
over the front and rear entrances, and erecting two addi- 
tional buildings adjoining the main one, as ofliices for the 
Clerks of the Chancery and Supreme Courts. The rotunda 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 99 

was also erected, and the grounds fenced, graded, laid out 
and shade trees planted, all at a cost of $27,000. The com- 
missioners under whose directions the work was com- 
pleted, were Samuel R. Gummere, Samuel R. Hamilton 
and Stacy A. Paxscn. In 1863, '64 and '65, appropriations 
were made and expended in building- additions for the 
State Library, Executive Chambers, &c. In 1871, Charles 
S. Olden, Thomas J. Stryker and Lewis Perririe were 
appointed commissioners to cause a suitable addition to be 
built— more commodious apartments for the Senate and 
Assembly, &c. The sum of $50,000 was appropriated, and 
the buildings for the Legislature were ready for occupancy 
in time for the meeting of the Legislature in 1872. In 1872, 
$120,000 was appropriated for completing the building, $3,000 
for fitting- up the Executive Chamber, $4,000 for fitting up 
the Chancery and Supreme Court rooms, and $2,000 for fit- 
ting up the offices on the first floor of the east wing. In 
1873, the sum of $43,000 was appropriated for the improve- 
ment of the front of the building-, completing- unfinished 
repairs and improvements, and for fitting- up the Library, 
&c. On March 18th, 1875, the sum of $15,000 was appro- 
priated for the purpose of putting a new three-story front 
to the building, and to fit up offices on the second floor 
for the Clerks of the Court of Chancery and Supreme 
Court, and for providing a suitable museum for geological 
specimens, and the battle-flags of New Jersey volunteer 
regiments, carried during the war of the Rebellion. 

On March 21st, 1885, the front portion was destroyed by 
fire, and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for rebuilding, 
and, in 1886, an additional appropriation of $225,000 was 
'granted. 

The new building was finished in 1889. It is of rectangu- 
lar shape and of the Renaissance style of architecture, 
with a frontage of one hundred and sixty feet on State 
street, a depth of sixty-seven feet, and three and a half 
stories high, with a rotunda thirty-nine feet across, which 
connects the new section of the Capitol with the original 
part. The rotunda is surmounted by a dome one hundred 
and forty-five feet high. 

The building has about sixty feet more frontage than 
the former one, and approaches about ten feet nearer the 
street. 

The walls are constructed of solid, fire-proof, brick 
masonry, faced with a light-colored stone from Indiana, 
known as Salem Oolitic, with foundations and trimmings 
o.f New Jersey free stonei, from the Prallsviile quarries, in 
iiunteraoii Goimiy, Th6 portico, docr-iiead aiid irlmmijags 



100 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

about the door are of the same material. The portico, 
with balcony, is supported by massive pillars of polished 
granite and surmounted by the coat of arms of the State. 

The apartments used for offices are very spacious, fitted 
throughout in the most approved modern style, and each 
department is supplied with one or more of the finest fire- 
proof vaults. The first and second stories are set aside 
for offices, and the entire third story is used for the State 
Library. 

The old State Library apartments have been improved 
and extended, and are now used as offices for the Attor- 
ney-General, State Superintendent of Public Instruction 
and Commissioner of Banking and Insurance. A new^ 
story was added, which is used for the Geological Museum 
and State offices. 

In 1891, a new Assembly Chamber was erected. The old 
one was too small and poorly ventilated, and besides, 
there was a lack of suitable committee rooms. The Legis- 
lature of 1891 passed a Joint Resolution, which was 
approved on March 20th, authorizing the Governor "to 
provide a suitable chamber and committee rooms for the 
use of the General Assembly of this State," &c., and also, 
"to make such additions and alterations as will afford the 
necessary accommodations for the Supreme Court and 
Court of Errors and Appeals, or for other State offices, 
and sufficient money is hereby appropriated for that pur- 
pose, to be paid by the Treasurer of this State on the war- 
rant of the Comptroller, after approval by the Governor." 

The new chamber was built by James W. Lanning, of 
Trenton, from plans prepared by James Moylan, of Jersey 
City, and under the superintendency of Bernard J. Ford, of 
Newark. It covers the site of the former chamber, and 
extends beyond it to Delaware street on the east and to 
the water power on the south. It has a frontage on Dela- 
ware street of 120 feet and a depth of 75 feet. The exterior 
finish arid design of the building are similar to the adjoin- 
ing portion of the Capitol. The foundation is of brown 
stone, from the Stockton quarries, and the trimmings of 
light Indiana stone. The interior is finished in Trenton 
tile, quartered oak and Italian statuary marble. It is a 
fire-proof building throughout, and is specially ventilated. 
The committee rooms are ample and convenient, and the 
interior design, arrangement and finish make it a model 
legislative chamber. It cost the State $140,500. The cost 
of the steam heating and ventilating systems was about 
$25,000. 

The other new addition to the Capitol provides a consul- 



THE STATE LIBRARY. 101 

tation room for the Judges of the Supreme Court and the 
Court of Errors and Appeals and a private room for the 
Governor, a room for the Museum of the Geological Sur- 
vey, and other offices, and cost $34,500. 

An electric light apparatus was also placed in the Cap- 
itol, which cost $23,000. Every department in the building 
is now lighted by electricity. 

A new Otis elevator has been placed in the front part of 
the building, which gives easy access to all the upper 
floors. 

In 1900 the Legislature appropriated $96,000 for additions 
and alterations to the Capitol, which included the cost of 
an electric light plant. 



THE STATE riBKARY. 

This valuable collection of books is located on the third 
floor of the State Capitol. The old saying, "Great oaks 
from little acorns grow," most appropriately applies to 
this institution. 

The first library of the State was a case ordered to be 
procured by Maskell Ewing, Clerk of the House of Assem- 
bly, for the keeping and preservation of such books as be- 
longed to the Legislature. It was ordered by a resolution 
passed March 18th, 1796. This was the nucleus of the 
present extensive library. On February ISth, 1804, William 
Coxe, of Burlington; Ezra Darby, of Essex, and John A. 
Scudder, of Monmouth, were appointed a Committee on 
Rules, and to make a catalogue; they reported that there 
were 168 volumes belonging to the State, and presented a 
code of seven rules, which was adopted. On February 10th, 
1813, an act (the first one) was passed, entitled "An act 
concerning the State Library." Up to 1822 it appears that 
the Clerk of the House had charge of the books, as Librar- 
ian, and, on November 16th, 1822, an act was passed for 
the appointment of a State Librarian, annually, by joint 
meeting. In 1846, on April 10th, an act was passed making 
the term of office three years. The Law Library at that 
time belonged to the members of the Law Library Asso- 
ciation. The only persons allowed the use of the Library 
were members of the Association, the Chancellor, and the 
judges of the several courts. Stacy G. Potts was Treas- 
urer and Librarian of the Association. The Law Library 
was kept in the Supreme Court room until 1S37, when the 
Legislature authorized the State Librarian to fit up a 
room adjoining the Library for the care and reception x)f 
the books and papers belonging to the State Library. 



102 THE STATE ARSENAL. 

Thus the two Libraries were consolidated. On March 13th, 
1872, $5,000 per year for three years was appropriated for 
the Library by the Legislature, and by the act of March 
15th, 1876, the sum of $2,500 was appropriated for finishing 
and refurnishing the Library room. In 1890, the Library 
was removed to the third story of the new part of the 
Capitol. 



THE STATE ARSENAL. 

The building now used as the State Arsenal was formerly 
the old State Prison. It is situate on Second street, in the 
Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton, and has on its front 
the following inscription: 

Labor, Silence, Penitence. 

The Penitentiary House. 

Erected by Legislative Authority. 

Richard Howell, Governor. 

In the XXII. Year of American 

Independence, MDCCXCVII. 

That Those Who Are Feared for Their 

Crimes May Learn to Fear the Laws 

And be Useful. 

Hie Labor, Hoc Opus. 

In the messages of Governors P. D. Vroom and S. L. 
Southard, recommending the erection of the new prison, 
it was proposed that the old one be converted into an 
Arsenal for the safe keeping of the arms and military 
property of the State, which, previous to that time, had 
been kept in the old State Bank, corner of Warren and 
Bank streets, with accoutrements and camp and garrison 
equipage at the State House. After the removal of the 
State convicts from the old prison, permission was given 
to the county of Mercer to occupy it as a jail until its jail, 
then in course of completion, was finished, and when it 
was again vacated it was converted into an arsenal. 

Among the stores, &c., at the Arsenal are one bronze 
gun, French, of the date of 1758; two bronze guns, English, 
four-pounders, and two iron six-pounders. There is also 
one gun captured at the battle of Trenton, December 26th, 
1776, and two guns captured at Yorktown, October 19th, 
1781. There are also a large quantity of fire-arms, ammu- 
nition, ordnance, tents, clothing, blankets, &c. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 103 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Trenton. 

This institution is located on the right bank of the Dela- 
ware River, about two miles northwest of the City Hall. 
The buildings are constructed of reddish sandstone, ob- 
tained from quarries near the hospital, and are located on 
an elevation of about seventy-five feet above the river. 
The front of the Main or Administration Building is orna- 
mented by a handsome porch of Ionic architecture, de- 
signed by the celebrated Notman, from which may be ob- 
tained one of the finest landscape views in the State. 

In 1844, after repeated and unsuccessful attempts to 
cause action to be taken by the Legislature for the build- 
ing of a. State institution for the special care and treat- 
ment of the insane, a commission was appointed, chiefly 
through the earnest efforts of Dr. Lyndon A. Smith, of 
Essex, and Dr. Lewis Condict, of Morris, and the eminent 
philanthropist. Miss D. L. Dix, to select a site. An appro- 
priation of $35,000 was made to purchase the land, and 
to commence the erection of the building. The present site 
was selected by the commissioners from among many that 
were offered in various sections of the State because of 
the large spring of excellent water found on the place. 
This spring was developed, and furnished a daily supply 
of about one-half millions of gallons of pure water for 
many years. In the severe drought of 18S0 the supply was 
greatly diminished, falling off nearly two hundred and 
fifty thousand gallons, and it has never regained its full 
and former capacity. The spring is now supplemented by 
driven wells, three in number, and each one over three 
hundred feet deep. These with the spring, are capable of 
supplying daily a half million gallons of excellent water. 
In 1896 a standpipe for storing water and securing a fire 
pressure was erected, with a capacity of five hundred 
thousand gallons. 

Work was commenced on the main building in November 
of 1845, and the hospital was opened for the reception of 
patients on the 15th day of May, 1848. Numerous additions 
have been made from time to time to the building, increas- 
ing its capacity from fifty, patients, in 1848, to eight hundred 
and fifty patients, in 1898. 

In 1887, the Legislature passed an act appropriating 
$100,000 for providing additional accommodations. The 
new building is a handsome structure of red sandstone, 
and simjllar to that used in the main building. This is five 



104 STATE HOSPITALS. 

hundred feet long-, three stories In height, and capable of 
accommodating- three hundred patients, one hundred and 
fifty of each sex. The building is designed to accommo- 
date the chronic incurable class, and was a great relief 
from the overcrowded state that existed in the main build- 
ing- prior to its completion. The building was completed 
within the appropriation, and opened for the reception of 
patients in the month of October, 1S89. 

Since the opening of the institution in May, 1848, there 
have been received and treated 9,860 patients. At the close 
of the fiscal year, October 31st, 1900, there were under care 
in the hospital 1,117 patients. Much has been done for 
the comfort and pleasure of the patients. A green-house 
has been erected for the purpose of furnishing- plants and 
flowers for the patients' corridors, handsome pictures 
adorn the walls, and everything about the hospital presents 
a comfortable and homelike appearance. 

The institution possesses a library, one of the largest, 
if not the largest, in this country connected with a hos- 
pital for the insane. The books are accessible to all mem- 
bers of the household. They have been freely used, and 
do much to relieve the monotony of many an hour of hos- 
pital life. The library now consists of about 4,000 volumes, 
and is the result of the bequest of a former nurse (Anne 
Robinson), who, by will, bequeathed her earnings for sev- 
eral years as a nurse and attendant in this hospital. She 
made the bequest, as she herself expressed it when making 
her will, for the purpose of purchasing books to be used 
for the pleasure and benefit of those to whom she had, 
for so many years, endeavored to minister. 

During the year 1898, a handsome amusement room, 
capable of seating about four hundred, was finished; also, a 
large and commodious chapel, in which religious exercises 
are held from time to time; various clergymen, without 
regard to denominational preference, officiate every Sun- 
day. The new chapel is capable of seating about five hun- 
dred patients. 



STATE HOSPITAIi. 

Morris Plains. 

In order to relieve the crowded condition of the Trenton 
Asylum, and make further provision for the increasing 
number of the insane, commissioners were appointed by 
the Legislature of 1871 to select a site and build an insti- 
tution in the northern portion of the State. About 408 



NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 105 

acres of land were purchased, at a cost of $78,732.36, in 
Hanover township, Morris county, and a site for the insti- 
tution was selected on the foot hills of the Watnong- range 
of the Blue Ridge Mountains, at an elevation of 520 feet 
above the sea level. The location is ideal for an institution 
of its kind, being- unsurpassed in this particular by any 
similar institution in this country. A magnificent view 
of the surrounding- country is commanded. The air is 
cool and balmy in summer, and crisp and stimulating in 
winter. 

The institution is a four-story building, of granite quar- 
ried on the premises, and trimmed with brown sandstone. 
The total length is 1,243 feet, and the depth, from the front 
of the main center building to the rear of the extreme 
wings, is 542 feet, constituting at present the largest insti- 
tution for the insane under one roof in the world, and one 
of the finest buildings of its kind in the United States. 

The building was planned and constructed to accommo- 
date 800 patients, but at present has a population of more 
than 1,250 insane. The total cost was about $2,250,000. It 
was first occupied by patients on August 17th, 1876. 

The Legislature of 1895 appropriated $125,000 for addi- 
tional buildings and improvements. The foundation of 
the new building was laid to accommodate 600 patients, 
and provide suitable laboratory facilities for the further 
prosecution of scientific work. An appropriation was also 
made for the extension of the water-supply, and an addi- 
tional tract of land was purchased, bringing the total 
extent of the hospital's property up to about 720 acres. 
On a 'portion of this land an additional reservoir, with a 
capacity of 6,500,000 gallons, has since been built. The 
Legislature of 1898 appropriated $150,000, enabling the man- 
agement to give out contracts looking to the completion 
of the administration portion of the building, the north 
wing, associate dining-rooms, amusement hall, and patho- 
logical laboratories. 

The barns and outbuildings belonging to the institution 
are in excellent condition, and the farm is in a high stavo 
of cultivation. 



NORMAL. AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 

These schools are the property of the State, and arc 
located at the junction of Perry street and Clinton avenue, 
Trenton. There are two buildings, the one for the schools 
located on the west side of Clinton avenue, the other, con- 
taining the boarding halls and dormitories, situated on the 
east side of the avenue. These schools were established in 



106 NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 

1855 by an act of the Legislature. The purpose of the Nor- 
mal School was defined to be "the training and education 
of its pupils in such branches of knowledge, and such 
methods of teaching and governing, as will qualify them 
for teachers of our common schools." The Model School 
was designed to be a place where "the pupils of the Nor- 
mal School shall have opportunity to observe and prac- 
tice the modes of instruction and discipline inculcated in 
the Normal School, and in which pupils may be prepared 
for the Normal School." 

The following figures show the original cost and present 
valuation of the Normal School property: 
Original cost of the Normal and Model School 

buildings, with lot $72,000 

Estimated value of furniture, books, «S:c 8,000 

Value of boarding halls 65,000 

Value of boarding hall furniture 10,000 

$155,000 

The above original values have appreciated til\ the tables 
should now read as follows: 

Former Normal and Model buildings $60,000 

Former school furniture, apparatus, &c 8,000 

Lot 115,000 

Appropriation of 1890 for new building 40,000 

Appropriation of 1891 for alterations, furniture, &c.. 8,000 
Principal's residence and boarding halls, including 

addition of 1892 99,000 

Boarding hall furniture 15,000 

Appropriation of 1893 for new building 12,000 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 

Additional furniture and apparatus 13,000 

Appropriation of 1897 for heating and ventilation... 25,000 

Purchase price of Umpleby property, 1899 20,400 

Total $425,400 

The enrollments in 1855 were as follows: Normal School, 
43; Model School, 125. For the year ending June 30th, 1900, 
these enrollments had increased to 639 in the Normal and 
568 in the Model. During its history the Normal School 
has graduated 2,735 students. 

The Principals of the schools have been as follows: 
William F. Phelps, A. M., October 1st, 1855, to March 15th, 
1865; John S. Hart, LL. D., March 15th, 1865, to February 
7th, 1871; Lewis M. Johnson, A. M., February 7th, 1871, to 
July 1st, 1876; Washington Hasbrouck, Ph. D., July 1st, 
1876, to February 10th, 1889; James M. Green, Ph. D., Feb- 
ruary 10th, 1889, to the present. 



STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 107 

THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

"The New Jersey State Reform School" was established 
by act of the Legislature approved April 6th, 1865. A farm 
of 490 acres was purchased for the purpose near James- 
burg-, Middlesex county. 

The first boy was received July 6th, 1867. Its first Super- 
intendent was Rev. Luther H. Sheldon, who was in office 
from April 10th, 1867, till April 1st, 1874, and was succeeded 
by James H, Eastman, who was Superintendent from 
April 1st. 1874, till September 15th, 1884. Upon his with- 
drawal Ira Otterson was made acting Superintendent, 
and on December 10th, 1884, he was unanimously elected 
Superintendent, and is still the executive head of the insti- 
tution. 

From the opening of the school till the close of the fiscal 
year (October 31st, 1899), there had been received by com- 
mitment into the care of the school, 3,236 boys. 

Owing to the probable opening at an early date of the 
State Reformatory, for an older class, it was thought best 
by the Legislative Committee on The Reform School, of 
the session of the Legislature of 1900, to change the name 
of The Reform School to "The State Home for Boys," so 
as to avoid confusion in matters of business, and unjust 
reflection upon boys going out with honorable parole from 
the institution. 

Since founding the school, beside the Administration 
building, there have been erected on the campus seven 
family buildings (one of them a double building), capable 
of accommodating fifty boys each, a chapel, hospital, store 
and cook house, industrial building, electric light, heat 
and power generating station, and farm buildings, all of 
brick, many of the buildings constructed with bricks 
manufactured by the boys on the place. 

Beside domestic and farm labor, all boys are instructed 
in the rudiments of an English school education, and many 
receive instruction in different mechanical branches and 
band music. 

In 1900 there was erected by boys' labor, under regular 
instructors, a building 40 by 100 feet, two stories high, in 
which are established schools for trade teaching. While 
in the past, so far as the accommodations would permit, 
a number of boys have received instruction in mechanical 
trades, and with the accommodations furnished in the 
new building, it is hoped a greater number of boys may 
receive a more thorough knowledge in lines of skilled 



lOS .Sl'ATE HOME FOK GIRLS. 

handicraft, which will the better prepare them to become 
good citizens. 

The members of the Board of Trustees realizing the 
needs of the boys, and deeply interested tin the future wel- 
fare of these wards of the State, devote much time to the 
conduct of its affairs, and in consideration of that which 
will promote its greatest good. Their services are given 
without compensation, their actual expenses being paid 
by the State. 



STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

This institution is located on the line of the Trenton 
Branch of the Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad, in 
Ev.Mng township, near the Trenton Lunatic Asylum, and is 
located on a farm of about 79 acres of land. A substantial 
building was erected, at a cost of $23,334, and other im- 
provements made, which bring the value of the place, with 
furniture, &c., up to $37,740. Previous to the erection of 
the new building, the school was at "Pine Grove," in the 
Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton. This place had been 
leased so as to afford room for persons sentenced under 
the act of April 4th, 1871. The Legislature of 1900 appro- 
priated $30,000 for the erection of an additional building. 



THE STATE PRISON. 

The New Jersey State Prison, situated on the block 
enclosed by Federal, Third, Cass and Second streets, in the 
city of Trenton, is one of the finest institutions of its kind 
in the country. Its erection was authorized by an act of 
the Legislature passed February 13th, 1832, and it was 
completed in the year 1836, having 150 cells, at a cost of 
$179,657.11. It was built of red sand-stone, from the Ewing 
quarries, and the style of its architecture is Egyptian, 
having four Egyptian columns in front of the main 
entrance, on Third street. It consists of a main building, 
used as a residence for the Keeper and as reception rooms 
and olfices. From time to time the prison has been en- 
larged, and although there is not sufficient room to afford 
separate confinement for each prisoner, as required by 
law, the provisions of the act are carried out as far as 
possible. The rules and regulations now in force have 
brought the internal affairs of the institution, as to clean- 
liness, discipline, victualing, &c., to a much higher stand- 
ard than was ever before reached, and a visit thereto will 



THE STATE PRISON. 109 

convince the visitor that the management is as perfect as 
can be. 

On March 4th, 1847, $5,000 was appropriated to build an 
additional wing to the original building. On March 25th, 
1852, $15,000 was granted for the erection of a new wing for 
hospital purposes. On March 22d, 1860, the sum of $17,000 
was voted for the purpose of building an additional wing 
for cells, and on February 16th, 1861, a further sum of 
$2,243.01 was appropriated to complete the sam.e. On April 
16th, 1868, $6,000 was appropriated for the building of an 
additional wing to provide room for female convicts. An 
act passed April 2d, 1869, provided for the appointment of 
commissioners to extend the grounds of the prison to the 
wall of the State Arsenal, to build an additional wing arid 
work shops, and made an appropriation of $50,000 for that 
purpose, and in the same month $9,734 was appropriated for 
the purpose of completing the wing of the female depart- 
ment. On April 4th, 1871, the sum of $75,000 was appropri- 
ated for the purpose of completing the new or east wing, 
and on April 4th, 1872, a further sum of $28,700 was appro- 
priated for the completion of the same. March 3d, 1874, 
$12,000 was voted for the construction of gas works for the 
supply of illuminating gas for the prison. On March 8th, 
1877, the sum of $100,000 was appropriated for the enlarge- 
ment of the prison and the purchase of a burial ground 
for deceased convicts. The north wing was remodeled out 
of this last appropriation, and a burial ground purchased. 
The Legislature of 1895 appropriated $150,000 for the en- 
largement and improvement of the prison. The Legisla- 
ture of 1899 appropriated $14,000 for alterations in the 
women's wing of the prison. 

Previous to the year 1798 there was no State Prison, and 
prisoners were confined in the county jails. On March 1st, 
1797, Jonathan Doane was appointed by an act of the Leg- 
islature as an agent to purchase a lot of land from Peter 
Hunt, situate at Lamberton, containing six and a half 
acres, and to erect suitable buildings thereon. This was 
done at an expense of £9,852 Os. 3d., and what is now the 
State Arsenal, at Second and Cass streets, is the result. 
Solitary confinement was not practiced previous to 1836, 
in which year the old prison was vacated and the present 
one occupied. 



UO SCHOOL FOR DEAF-MUTES. 

SOLDIERS' HOME. 

This institution is located in Kearny township, Hudson 
county, to which place it was removed from Newark in 
1888. It was organized under a joint resolution of the Leg- 
islature approved April 12th, 1862. The Home in Newark 
was opened July 4th, 1866. The Legislatures of 1886 and 
1887 appropriated $175,000 for the erection of a new Home, 
under the direction of Commissioners appointed by the 
Legislature. The present site, consisting of 17% acres, was 
selected, and six new and commodious buildings were 
erected thereon. The Home has a frontage of .600 feet on 
the Passaic river, and contains over three hundred in- 
mates. 



SCHOOL. FOR DEAF-MUTES. 

This institution, which is located at Trenton, is a part of 
the public school system of the State, and is open to deaf 
residents of the State between the ages of eight and 
twenty-one years. The pupils are instructed in the 
branches of common-scho61 education, and are also trained 
in some handicraft. Speech is taught to all who can 
acquire it, and with such success that in some classes it 
becomes the principal means of communication. 

The industrial department is larger and better equipped 
than in most schools of this kind. From the printing office 
is issued monthly a paper, the Silent Worker, which, in 
point of mechanical execution and of quality of contents, 
ranks as the best issued from any institution in the coun- 
try. AH the work on this paper is performed by pupils 
of the school. 

The wood-working department, under the charge of a 
graduate of a technical school of high rank, has a course 
in which theory and practice are united in an unusual 
degree. 

A course of kindergarten work, especially adapted to the 
deaf child, has been worked out in the school, and has been 
followed by some of the best schools of the kind in this 
country. 

A building for hospital purposes, designed in accordance 
with the best modern practice and ample to meet any pos- 
sible need, was opened in 1899. 

The attendance of pupils has risen from 125 in June, 1896, 
until at the present time it is about 150. 

The school possesses a well chosen library, which at 
present contains about 1,500 volumes, and is rapidly 
growing^. 



INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. Ill 

INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

Vineland. 

This institution was established under an act of March 
27th, 1S88, with the late Prof. S. O. Garrison, who drafted 
the original law, as the first superintendent. On Novem- 
ber 15th of the same year he was succeeded by Mary J. 
Dunlap, M. D. It is one of the most admirably situated 
public buildings in the State. Lying opposite the New 
Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Children, and 
facing Landis avenue, Vineland's main street of several 
miles in length, it enjoys facilities of the city yet sur- 
rounded by acres of fruit, vineyards and orchards. The 
main building is well arranged, and a large annex was 
erected in the winter of 1891-92. It is a home for females, 
of whom there are nearly 100. Extensive additions have 
recently been made, giving hospital and other accommo- 
dations. 



TRAINING SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 

Vineland. 

This public institution is an outgrowth of a private one, 
which Prof. S. Olin Garrison established in Millville, Cum- 
berland county, on September 1st, 1887. It was opened at 
Vineland, on March 1st, 1888, with an enrollment of ten 
inmates. Adjacent properties were soon acquired and a 
handsome building, costing about $18,000, was erected in 
1890-91. There are nine cottages, besides a hospital, large 
barn, shops and manual training-rooms, located on a farm 
of 120 acres. The school has -a fine assembly hall, seating 
over 600, and also containing seven (7) school-rooms, an 
armory, drill-room and a gymnasium. 

The plan and scope of training and education by the 
school, require fourteen teachers in English, Kindergarten, 
Military, Music, Physical Culture and Manual Trades de- 
partments, -thereby indicating the special and comprehen- 
sive fields of instruction. There is also a custodial depart- 
ment for the idiotic, and a hospital department for epi- 
leptics. 

The property is worth over $150,000, real and personal, 
with a debt of only $8,000. Besides very good property 
acquisitions at low cost, at least $50,000 have been do.iated 
to the school since its organization, to aid in the current 
expenses, in improvements and new buildings. 

On May 24th, 1900, there were 233 boys and girls in the 
Institution. 



112 STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EriLEl'TICS. 

Skillman, Somerset County. 

This village Is located in Montgomery township, Somer- 
set county, about one mile from Skillman Station, on the 
line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The loca- 
tion is one of the most beautiful and healthful in the State, 
and is admirably adapted for the purposes of this kind of 
an institution. The managers have secured three adjoin- 
ing farms containing in all about five hundred acres. 

The three farm houses are now being used, one for the 
Administration building, one for male and one for female 
patients. 

In 18S4 Dr. John W. Ward, Superintendent of the State 
Hospital at Trenton, realizing the necessity of separating 
the epileptics from the insane, went before a legislative 
committee and strongly urged the appropriation of $50,000 
to erect a building upon the grounds of that institution 
for the proper care of the epileptics. The late Prof. S. Olin 
Garrison, Principal of the New Jersey Training School for 
Feeble-Minded Children, at Vineland, early recognized the 
necessity of separate provision for the epileptics in that 
institution, and was indefatigable in his efforts to estab- 
lish the present village. 

For a number of years the subject was agitated, and in 
1895, in accordance with a resolution passed by the Legis- 
lature, the Governor appointed a commission to investigate 
the number and condition of epileptics in the State. The 
report of the commission was presented to the Legislature 
of 1896 and a bill was introduced for the establishment of a 
colony on a plan recommended by the commission. The bill 
failing to become a law, the New Jersey State Medical Soci- 
ety, by resolution at their annual meeting in 1S96, endorsed 
the necessity of such legislation. In 1897 the President, 
Dr. Thomas J. Smith, of Bridgeton, most ably presented 
the necessity of providing for the epileptics, and urged 
that the State authorities be importuned most earnestly 
to revive the movement initiated the year before to estab- 
lish an industrial epileptic colony in our State. The Society 
reaffirmed its position, and appointed a committee to urge 
the matter further. 

Through the combined efforts of those interested and 
with the zealous co-operation of Senator Stokes, of Cum- 
berland, who had charge of the legislation, an act was 
passed by the Legislature of 1898, and promptly signed by 
Acting Governor Voorhees, making the necessary provl- 



NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 113 

sions for the establishment of the institution. The sum 
of $15,000 was appropriated for the purchase of a site and 
to pay for the equipment and maintenance of the village. 
The "Maplewood Farm," containing about 187 acres, was 
purchased for $11,500, and the village was opened for the 
reception of male patients November 1st, of the same year. 
The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the erec- 
tion of two cottages for patients, and $16,000 for the pur- 
chase of two farms adjoining the property. As the Legis- 
lature provides the buildings, all epileptics of either sex, 
over five years of age, and not insane, will be admitted. 



NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

Rahway. 

The Legislature of 1895 passed an act, which was ap- 
proved by Governor Werts on March 28, providing for the 
appointment of a commission consisting of six persons to 
build an intermediate prison for the criminal classes. The 
act authorized the commission to set apart for the use of 
the reformatory the property known as the Edgar farm, 
belonging to the State Sinking Fund, located in Union 
county, and also such other portion of said farm located 
in Middlesex county, and, if necessary, to purchase ad- 
joining property for the completion of the site at a cost 
not exceeding $10,000. The institution when completed shall 
have a capacity of not less than one thousand prisoners. 
The sum of $100,000 was appropriated to begin the work. 
The criminal courts of the State are empowered to sen- 
tence prisoners between the ages of sixteen and thirty 
years to the reformatory instead of to the State Prison. 
The act provided that the commission shall be constituted 
of a board of managers upon the completion of a part of 
the reformatory. 

The act of 1895 was repealed in 1901, when a new law was 
enacted, which provided for a Board of Alanagers to con- 
sist of nine persons including the Governor, no more than 
four to be of the same political party. In substance, the 
new act does not differ much from the original act. The 
original commissioners were: Patrick Farrelly, George S. 
Mott, David M. Chambers, William A. Ure, John T. Daly 
and Thomas M. Gopsill. 

The Reformatory is about one and a half miles from the 
city of Rahway. The cost, exclusive of the appropriation 
of 1901, was about $575,000. The cential or guard room 
S 



114 NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

building- and one wing are all that has been completed of 
the main building. The domestic building and the power 
house have also been completed. The cell accommodation 
in the present building is 258. The buildings are built of 
brick and stone. The architect was John R. Thomas; the 
builders, E. "W. Hooper, of Trenton, and John Gunn & Co., 
Orange. 

To double the capacity of the Reformatory it will be 
necessary to add one wing. Four wings in all are contem- 
plated for its completion. The space between the central 
building and the domestic building has been enclosed with 
a temporary wooden stockade and the grounds have been 
laid out. The trade school was established in 1901 and the 
plan and scope of the Reformatory enlarged. The institu- 
tion was opened for the reception of inmates on August 5, 
1901, and in October of that year there were 26 prisoners 
confined there. 

The following Board of Managers was appointed by the 
Governor in 1901: George A. Squire, Patrick Farrelly, 
Charlton T. Lewis, Percy R. Pyne, Dr. Benjamin Edge, 
Richard H. Wilson, George W. Fortmeyer and Thomas M. 
Gopsill. Mr. Squire is president, Mr. Gopsill, secretary, 
and Jo.seph Martin, superintendent. 



ELECTORAL VOTE. 



115 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1888 



FOR HARRISON, REP. 

California 8 

Colorado 3 

Illinois 22 

Indiana 15 

Iowa 13 

Kansas 9 

Maine 6 

Massachusetts 14 

Michigan 13 

Minnesota 7 

Nebraska 5 

Nevada 3 

New Hampshire 4 

New York 36 

Ohio 23 

Oregon 3 

Pennsylvania 30 

Rhode Island 4 

Vermont 4 

Wisconsin 11 

Total 233 

Harrison's majority, 65 



FOR CLEVELAND, DEM. 

Alabama 10 

Arkansas 7 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Florida 4 

Georgia 12 

Kentucky 13 

Louisiana 8 

Maryland 8 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 16 

New Jersey 9 

North Carolina 11 

South Carolina 9 

Tennessee 12 

Texas 13 

Virginia 12 

West Virginia 6 

Total 168 



U6 



ELECTORAL VOTE. 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1892. 



For Cleveland, Dem. 

Alabama 11 

Arkansas 8 

California 8 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Florida 4 

Georgia 13 

Illinois 24 

Indiana 15 

Kentucky 13 

Louisiana 8 

Maryland 8 

Michigan 5 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 17 

New Jersey 10 

New York 36 

North Carolina 11 

North Dakota 1 

Ohio 1 

South Carolina 9 

Tennessee 12 

Texas = 15 

Virginia 12 

West Virginia 6 

Wisconsin 12 

277 



For Harrison, Rep. 

California 1 

Iowa 13 

Maine 6 

Massachusetts 15 

Michigan 9 

Minnesota -... 

Montana ., 3 

Nebraska 8 

New Hampshire 4 

North Dakota 1 

Ohio 22 

Oregon 3 

Pennsylvania... 3i 

Rhode Island 4 

South Dakota 4 

Vermont 4 

Washington 4 

Wyoming 3 

145 
For Weaver, Pop. 

Colorado... 4 

Idaho 3 

Kansas 10 

Nevada 3 

North Dakota ~ 1 

Oregon 1 



22 



Cleveland over Harrison, 132. 

Cleveland over Harrison and Weaver, 110. 



ELECTORAL VOTE. 



117 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1896. 



For McKinley, Rep. 

Ckilifornia 8 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Illinois 24 

Indiana 15 

Iowa. 13 

Kentucky 12 

Maine 6 

Maryland 8 

Massachusetts 15 

Michigan 14 

Minnesota 9 

New Hampshire 4 

New Jersey 10 

New York 36 

North Dakota 8 

Ohio 23 

Oregon 4 

Pennsylvania 32 

Rhode Island 4 

Vermont 4 

West Virginia 6 

Wisconsin 12 



McKinley's majority, 95. 



271 



For Bryan, Dem. 

Alabama 11 

Arkansas 8 

California 1 

Colorado 4 

Florida 4 

Georgia 13 

Idaho 3 

Kansas 10 

Kentucky 1 

Louisiana 8 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 17 

Montana 3 

Nebraska 8 

Nevada 3 

North Carolina 11 

South Carolina 9 

South Dakota 4 

Tennessee 12 

Texas 15 

Utah 3 

Virginia 12 

Washington 4 

Wyoming 3 



118 



ELECTORAL VOTE. 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1900 



FOR M'KINLEY, REP. 

State. Vote. 

California 9 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Illinois 24 

Indiana 15 

Iowa 13 

Kansas 10 

Maine (» 

Maryland 8 

Massachusetts 15 

Michigan 14 

Minnesota 9 

Nebraska 8 

New Hampshire 4 

New Jersey 10 

New York 36 

North Dakota 3 

Ohio 23 

Oregon 4 

Pennsylvania 32 

Rhode Island 4 

South Dakota 4 

Utah 3 

Vermont 4 

Washington 4 

West Virginia 6 

Wisconsin 12 

Wyoming 3 

292 

McKinley'E majority.. 137 



FOR BRYAN, DEM. 

State. Vote. 

Alabama 11 

Arkansas 8 

Colorado 4 

Florida 4 

Georgia 13 

Idaho 3 

Kentucky 13 

Louisiana 8 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 17 

Montana 3 

Nevada 3 

North Carolina 11 

South Carolina 9 

Tennessee 12 

Texas 15 

Virginia 12 

155 



PRESIDENTIAL. VOTE. 



119 



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120 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 







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PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



121 



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122 



PRESlDhlNTlAL VOTE. 



PRESDENTIAL VOTE, 1880 AND 1884. 



STATES. 

(38) 



1884. 



1880. 



Blaine, 
Rep. 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorarlo 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

.Georgia 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana o 

Maine 

Marj'land 

Massachusetts- 
Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

i Nevada 

N. Hampshire- 
New Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania... 
Rhode Island... 
South Carolina 

I^Tennessee 

Texas 

Vermont 

Virginia 

West Virginia... 
Wisconsin 



59,444 

50,895 

100,816 

36,277 

65,898 

12 788 

28,039 

47.964 

337,419 

238.480 

197,089 

153,158 

118,674 

46,347 

72 209 

85.699 

146,7-4 

192.669 

111,923 

42,774 

*202,26l 

76 877 

8,381 

43.166 

123,433 

562,001 

125,068 

400,082 

26,852 

474,268 

19,030 

21,733 

124,078 

88,353 

39,514 

139,356 

*63,096 

161,147 



Cleve- 
land, 
Dem. 



Total 4,844.002 4,914.947 134,599 

Plurality 70.915 



92.973 

72.927 

88.307 

27,627 

67,182 

17,054 

31.769 

94,567 

312,320 

244.992 

♦177,288 

89,466 

152,757 

62,546 

52,140 

96,932 

122,352 

*191,225 

70,144 

78,547 

235,972 

*54,354 

7,000 

89,166 

127,784 

563,048 

142,905 

368,280 

24,593 

393,510 

12,391 

69,764 

133,258 

223,208 

17,^31 

14^" ,497 

67,317 

146.4^4 



Butler, 
Gr'b'k. 

762 

1,844 

1.975 

1,957 

tl,685 

6 



St. John Garfield, 
Pro. Rep. 



125 

10,753 

8,176 

16,116 
1,655 



3,953 

631 

24,382 

tt763 

3,587 



552 

8,494 

16,955 



5,170 

723 

16,942 

422 



957 

J.321 

785 



ttsio 

4,697 



610 



2,640 

759 

12,492 

55 

74 

184 

11,824 

3,018 

1,472 

4,495 

3,106 



2,160 
2,794 
9,923 
18,403 
4,691 



2,153 
2,858 



1,573 

6,155 

24,999 

448 

11,269 

488 

15,366 

928 



1,131 
8,511 
1,752 
143 
939 
7.649 



66,221 

42,436 

80.348 

27,450 

67,071 

14,133 

23,654 

64,086' 

31-8,037 

232,164 

183,927 

121,549 

106,306 

§38,637 

74,039 

78,515 

165,205 

185,341 

93,903 

34,854 

153,567 

54,979 

8,732 

44,852 

120,555 

555,444 

115,874 

375,048 

20,619 

444,704 

18,195 

58,071 

107,677 

67,893 

45,567 

84.020 

46,243 

144,000 



Han- 
cock, 
Dem. 

91,185 

60,775 

80,426 

24,647 

64,415 

15,275 

27,96 i 

102,470 

277,321 

225,522 

105,815 

69 801 

149 068 

65,067 

*65,171 

93,706 

111,960 

131,59' 

53315 

75,750 

208,609 

28,523 

9,613 

40.794 

122,565 

534,611 

124,208 

340,821 

19,948 

407,428 

10,779 

112,312 

128,191 

156428 

18,316 

al28,586 

67,391 

114,649 



151,531 4,454,416 4,444,952 
9,461 



1884— Scattering and imperfect, 7,876; Lockwood, 6; total vote, 

10,053,770. 
1880— Greenback, 308.578; Prohibition, 10,305; American, 707; 

scattering, 989; total vote, 9,219,947. 



♦Fusion, t including 160 misspelled, t Including 232 misspelled. 
f One county missing in 1881. || One county estimated in 1881 ^ Vote 
for the two Republican tickets (Regular. 27,676; "Beattie, 10,340) 
combined, ft Straight Gre .uback. oRegular (96.912) and Readjustor 
(31,674) votes combined. 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



123 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE, 1888. 



States. 

Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Illinois 

Indiani , 

Iowa 

Kansas , 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts.... 

Michigan 

Minnesota , 

Mississippi , 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire, 

New Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina . 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania.... 
Rhode Island.... 
South Carolina.. 

Tennessee , 

Texas , 

Vermont , 

Virginia 

West Virginia..., 
Wisconsin , 

Toral 



Harrison. 



57,197 

58,752 

124,809 

50,766 

74,584 

12,978 

26,650 

40,453 

370,470 

263,361 

211,598 

182,914 

155,134 

30,184 

73,734 

99,986 

183,456 

236,370 

136,359 

30,096 

236,325 

108,425 

7,238 

45,728 

144,344 

650,338 

134,709 

415,792 

33,293 

526,091 

21,969 

13,740 

138,815 

83,280 

45,192 

150,438 

78,491 

176,553 

5,430,607 



Cleveland. 



117,310 

85,962 

117,729 

37,542 

74,92(1 

16,414 

39,561 

100,472 

348,258 

261,013 

179,877 

102,738 

183,800 

89,941 

50,482 

106,168 

151,990 

218,404 

99,664 

85,476 

261,957 

80.552 

5,326 

43,358 

151.493 

635,965 

148,336 

399,969 

26,524 

446,200 

17,530 

65,825 

159,079 

234,883 

16,788 

151,977 

79,330 

155,232 



5,538,045 



Fisk. 



583 

614 

5,761 

2,100 

4,234 

400 

403 

1,802 

21,386 

9,881 

3,550 

6,779 

5,225 

130 

2,690 

4,766 

8,636 

20,942 

15,000 

218 

4,954 

9,424 

45 

7,585 

7,904 

30,327 

5.787 

4,618 

1,677 

20,743 

1,251 



5,669 
4,749 
1,450 
1,678 



14,277 



257,248 



Labor. 



10,643 

"'i,59{ 

1,265 

240 



136 

7,410 

2,694 

9,10) 

37,787 

622 

"1,345 



4,542 
15,853 

42 

"'5,056 

"3,452 

363 

3,865 

18 



43 
35 



8,522 



114,623 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE, 1892. 



STATES. 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut ... 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

* Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 
Michigan ... 
Minnesota.., 
Mississippi. 

Missouri 

Montana .... 
Nebraska... 

Nevada 

N. Hampshire 
New Jersey ... 

New York 

N. Carolina..., 
N. Dakota...., 

Ohio 

Oregon , 

Pennsylvania. 
Rhode Island.. 
S. Carolina., 
S. Dakota... 
Tennessee... 

Texas , 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 
West Virginia, 
Wisconsin .. 
Wyoming .. 



Totals 



U 



138.138 

87.834 

118,174 



82,395 

18.581 

30,143 

129,386 

2 

426,281 

262,740 

190 367 



175,461 

87,622 

48 044 

113,866 

176,858 

202,296 

100,920 

40,237 

268,398 

17,581 

24,943 

714 

42,081 

171.066 

654,908 

133,098 



404,115 
14,243 

452,264 

24,336 

54,698 

9,081 

136,594 

239 148 
16,325 

163,977 
29,844 
84,467 

177,336 



5 554,561 



W 



9,197 

46,974 

118,027 

.38,620 

77,032 

18,077 

22 

48,305 

8,599 

399,288 

255,615 

219,795 

157,241 

135,441 

26,134 

62,878 

92,736 

202 927 

222 708 

122.823 

1,406 

226,918 

18,851 

87.227 

2,811 

45,658 

156,101 

609,459 

100,665 

17,519 

405.187 

35,002 

516,011 

26,975 

13,384 

34,888 

99,851 

77,475 

37.992 

113 266 

36460 

80,293 

170,846 

8,454 



5,185,028 



86,181 
11,831 
26 311 
63,584 
809 



4 843 
42,939 
10,620 
22,207 
22,208 
20,595 
163,111 
23,500 
27,903 

2,381 
796 

3,348 
19,796 
29 313 
10.256 
41.213 

7,334 
83,134 

7264 
293 
986 
16,436 
44,732 
17,700 
14,852 
26,966 

8,714 
228 

2,410 
26,544 
23,780 
99,688 
42 
12 274 
19 064 

4,166 

9,909 

7,722 



pq 



241 
113 

8,096 

1.687 

4,026 

664 

670 

988 

288 

26 870 

13,050 

6,402 

4,553 

6,442 



^ '' 9. 
i^ > ? 



3 062 

5,877 

7,539 

20 857 

14,182 

910 

4,331 

549 

4,902 

89 

1,297 

8,134 

38,191 

2,636 

899 

26,012 

2,281 

25.123 

1,654 



4,776 
2,165 
1,424 
2,736 
2,553 
2,145 
13,132 
530 



1,055,8711 270,876 918,145 548,612 



128911 

40,860 

147 



5,363 

604 

30121 

81.081 



26,993 
7,125 



40,020 
61,488 



21,130 



38,831 
41,480 



14,965 
45,449 
32,533 



41,314 



36,743 
161,673 



50,721 



4,174 
6,489 



fc >• > 
rt O « 



38,620 



8,597 



23,428 
167,241 



14,834 



26,069 
20,412 
21,903 



1,270 

62,284 

2,097 

3,577 



17,619 

1,072 

20,759 

63,747 

2,639 



26,807 



21,667 
' 6,'6l6 



8,464 



Cleveland's plurality, 369,533. 

Wing, Sociallst-I.,abor, received in Connecticut, 333 votes; 
in Massachusetts, 676; in New Jersey, 1,337; in New York, 
17,958; in Pennsylvania, 898. Total, 21,202. 

*In Louisiana the Republican and People's parties votea 
each for four of the other's eight candidates for electors. 
Thus some of the Louisiana voters are counted twice in the 
above table, and while all the Presidential candidates re- 
ceived a total of 12,098,668 votes in the whole country, there 
were only 12,070,766 actual voters. 

(124) 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



125 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1896. 



STATES. 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas .... 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine... 

Maryland 

Massachusetts.... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina . 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina .. 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia.... 

Wisconsin.. 

Wyoming 

Total 

Plurality 



O (J) 



54,737 

37,512 
146,588 

26,279 
110,285 

20,452 

11,257 

60,091 
6,314 
607,130 
323,748 
289,293 
159,345 
218,171 

22,037 

80,465 
136,978 
278,976 
293,327 
193,503 
5,123 
304,940 

10.490 

102,564 

1,939 

57,444 
221,367 
819,838 
155,222 

26.335 
525,991 

48,779 
728,300 

37,437 
9.313 

41,042 
148,773 
162,506 

13,461 

50,991 
135,388 

39,153 
104,414 
268,359 

10,072 



7,105,729 
613,752 



* A- 

cqP4 



131,226 

110,103 

144,766 

161,269 

56,740 

16,615 

31,958 

94,672 

23,135 

464,523 

306.206 

223,741 

170,636 

217,890 

77,175 

34,588 

104,746 

105,711 

237,251 

139,735 

46,283 

363,667 

43,680 

115,624 

8,369 

21,6b0 

133,675 

551,513 

174,488 

20,586 

477,497 

46,739 

433,230 

14,459 

58,801 

41,225 

168,176 

368,289 

67,053 

10,607 

154,985 

51,646 

92,927 

163,441 

10,861 



6,491,977 



la 



6,462 



1 

4,336 

969 

1,772 

2.708 



6,390 
2,146 
4,516 
1,209 
5,104 
1,834 
1,870 
2,507 
11,749 
6,930 
8,216 
7,517 
2,355 



2,797 



3,420 

6,373 

18,972 

578 



1,858 

977 

11,000 

1,166 

824 



1,951 
4,853 



1,329 
2,127 
1,668 
677 
4,244 



133,554 



> fl'd 

« 0) fl 



2,147 

839 

2,573 

2,104 

1,806 

602 

614 

6,716 

172 

10,611 

5,241 

8,544 

2,281 

4,781 



1,570 
6,058 
2,998 
6,777 
4,363 
390 
2,462 



1,993 



776 

6,614 

16,075 

921 

358 

7,784 

919 

19,274 

1,165 



500 
8,098 
5,030 



728 
2,844 
1,116 
1,203 
6,659 

159 



142,491 



0) 0) 



893 



150 
1,223 



1,147 
848 

453 



2,114 
" 918 



595 
'"I86 



228 

3,985 

17,731 



1,167 



6,103 
558 



11§ 



594 



39,221 



126 ELECTION RETURNS. 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1900. 



«tf bQ o^ rt(i! 

§ ffl ^ fq 

Alabama 53,669 96,368 1,407 3,797 

Arkansas 44,800 81,142 584 972 

California 164,755 124,985 5,024 

Colorado 93,072 122,733 3,790 389 

Connecticut 102,572 74,014 1,617 

Delaware 22,560 18,863 546 

Florida 7,499 28,007 2,239 1.090 

Georgia 35,036 81,700 1,396 4,584 

Idaho 27,198 29,414 857 213 

Illinois 597.985 503,061 17,626 1,141 

Indiana 336,063 309,584 13,718 1.438 

Iowa 307.808 209,265 9,502 613 

Kansas 185,955 162,601 3,605 

Kentucky 228,801 234,899 2.429 2,017 

Louisiana 14,233 53,671 

Maine 65.435 36,832 2,585 

Maryland 1-36,212 122,271 4,582 

Massachusetts... 239,147 157,016 6,208 

Michigan 316,269 211,685 11,859 833 

Minnesota 190,461 112,901 8,555 

Mississippi 5,753 51,706 1,644 

Missouri 314,093 351,913 5,963 4,244 

Montana 25,373 37,146 298 

Nebraska 121.835 114,013 3,686 1,104 

Nevada 3,849 6,347 

New Hampshire 54,798 35,489 1,271 

New Jersey 221,707 164,808 7,183 669 

New York 821,992 678,386 22,043 

North Carolina.. 133.081 157,752 1,009 830 

North Dakota... 35.891 20,519 731 110 

Ohio 543.918 474,882 10.203 251 

Oregon 46,526 33,385 2,536 275 

Pennsylvania ... 712,665 424,232 27,908 638 

Rhode Island.... 33,784 19,812 1,529 

South Carolina.. 3.525 47,283 

South Dakota... 54,530 39,544 1,542 339 

Tennessee 123.008 145,250 3,900 1,368 

Texas 1.30,641 277.4.32 2,644 20,981 

Utah 47,089 44.949 205 

Vermont 42.569 12,849 383 367 

Virginia 115,865 146,080 2,150 

AVashington .... 57,4.57 44.833 2,345 

West Virginia... 119.851 98,791 1,586 279 

Wisconsin 265,866 159,285 10,124 

Wyoming 14,482 10,164 2 



£ 



.Xi 


<v 


>»rt 


Q 


2?tJ 




c 


TO c5 


■°6 


^ o 


1: 


0.02 


^^ 


p 


S 


7^572 




684 


714 


1,029 


908 


57 




603 




9! 687 


i!373 


2,374 


663 


2,742 


259 


1,605 





760 


289 


"878 




908 


391 


9,716 


2,610 


2,826 


903 


3,065 


1,329 


6;i28 


1,294 


708 


116 


823 




"796 




4,609 


2,074 


L2,869 


12,622 


""sis 




4,847 


1,688 


1,494 




4,831 


2,936 




1,423 


■"169 




410 




1,846 


162 


717 


106 


1906 


i',666 


280 




7,095 


524 



*- 7,217.677 6.357.883 207.368 50.188 94,552 33.450 



NEW JERSEY ELECTORAL VOTE. 127 

ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 



FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT, FROM 
MARCH 4, 1789. 

1789— George Washington, of Virginia 6 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 1 

John Jay, of New York 5 

1793— George Washington, of Virginia 7 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

1797 — John Adams, of Massachusetts . , 7 

Tliomas Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

ISOl— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

C. C. Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1S05— Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1809— James Madison, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1813— DeWitt Clinton, of New York 8 

Jarard Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania 8 

1817— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1821— James Monroe, of Virginia S 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1825— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina 8 

1829— John Q. Adams, of Massachusetts 8 

Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania 8 

1833— Andre w Jackson, of Tennessee '. 8 

Martin Van Buren, of New York 8 

1837— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

Francis Granger, of New York 8 

1841_William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

John Tyler, of Virginia 8 

1845— Henry Clay, of Kentucky 7 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey 7 

1849— Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana 7 

Millard Fillmore, of Nev/ York 7 

1853— Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire 7 

William R. King, of Alaba.ma 7 

1857— James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania 7 

John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky 7 



128 NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 

1861— Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois 4 

Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine 4 

Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois 3 

Herchel V. Johnson, of Georgia 3 

1865— George B. INIcClellan, of New Jersey 7 

George H. Pendleton, of Ohio 7 

1869— Horatio Seymour, of New York 7 

Francis P. Blair, of Missouri 7 

1873— Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois 7 

Henry Wilson, of Massachusetts 7 

1877— Samuel J. Tilden, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1881— Winfield Scott Hancock, of Pennsylvania 9 

William H. English, of Indiana 9 

1885— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1889— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Allan G. Thurman, of Ohio 9 

1893— Grover Cleveland, of New York 10 

Adlai E. Stevenson, of Illinois 10 

1897— William McKinley, Ohio 10 

Garret A. Hobart, New Jersey 10 

1901— William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 10 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY FROM 1840 

TO DATE. 

1840— Harrison, Whig, 33,351; Van Buren, Dem., 31,034. 
Harrison's majority, 2,327. 

1844— Clay, Whig, 38,318; Polk, Dem., 37,495. Clay's major- 
ity, 823. 

1848— Taylor, Whig, 40,015; Cass, Dem., 36,901; Van Buren, 
819. Taylor's plurality, 3,114. 

1852— Pierce, Dem., 44,305; Scott, Whig, 38,556; Hale, Free 
Soil, 350. Pierce's plurality,, 5,749. 

1856— Buchanan, Dem., 46,943; Fremont, Rep., 28,338; Fill- 
more, Amer., 24,115. Buchanan's plurality, 18,605. 

1860— Dem. Fusion ticket, 62,869; Lincoln, Rep., 58,346. 
Fusion majority, 4,523. (Three Douglas electors, Cook. 
Parker and Runyon, were chosen, the highest vote being 
62,869 for Cook, and four Lincoln electors were chosen, 
Hornblower, Hay, Elmer and Ivins, the highest vote being 
58,346 for Hornblower. The highest vote cast for a Breck- 
inridge elector (Wurts) was 56,237.) 

1864— McClellan, Dem., 68,024; Lincoln, Rep., 60,723. Mc- 
Clellan's majority, 7,301. 



NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 129 

1868— Seymour, Dem., 83,001; Grant, Rep., 80,131. Sey- 
mour's majority^ 2,870. 

1872— Grant, Rep., 91,656; Greeley, Dem., 76,456. Grant's 
majority, 15,200. 

1876— Tilden, Dem., 115,962; Hayes, Rep., 103,517. Tilden's 
majority, 12,445. 

1880— Hancock, Dem., 122,565; Garfield, Rep., 120,555. Han- 
cock's majority, 2,010. 

1884— Cleveland, Dem., 127,784; Blaine, Rep., 123,433. Cleve- 
land's majority, 4,351. 

1888— Cleveland, Dem., 151,493; Harrison, Rep., 144,344; 
Fisk, Pro., 7,904. Cleveland's plurality, 7,149. 

1892— Cleveland, Dem., 171,066; Harrison, Rep., 156,101; 
Bidwell, Pro., 8,134; Wing, Social. -Lab., 1,337; Weaver, 
People's, 985. Cleveland's plurality, 14,965. 

1896— McKinley, Rep., 221,367; Bryan, Dem., 133,675; Palmer, 
Nat. Dem., 6,373; Levering, Pro., 5,614; Matchett, Soc.-Lab., 
3.9S5. McKinley' s plurality, 87,692. 

1900— McKinley, Rep., 221,707; Bryan, Dem., 164,808; Wool- 
ley, Pro., 7,183; Debs, Soc.-Dem., 4,609; Malloney, Soc.-Lab., 
2,074; Barker, People's, 669. McKinley's plurality, 56,899. 



130 NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 

NEW JERSEY'S VOTE FOR GOVERNOR 

From 1844 to I>ate. 



1844— Stratton, Whig, 37.949; Thomson, Dem., 36.591; Park- 
hurst, 76. Whig- plurality, 1,358. 

1847— Haines, Dem., 34,765; Wright, Whig. .'^2.166; William 
Right, 87; Moses Jaques, 146; Scattering, 109. Democratic 
plurality, 2,599. 

1850— Fort, Dem., 39,723; Runk, Whig, 34,054. Democratic 
majority, 5,669. 

1853— Price, Dem., 38,312; Haywood, Whig, 34.530. Demo- 
cratic majority, 3,782. 

1850— Newell, Rep., 50,903; Alexander, Dem., 48,246. Re- 
publican majority, 2,657. 

1859— Olden, Rep., 53,315; Wright, Dem., 51,714. Republican 
majority, 1,601. 

1862— Parker, Dem., 61,307; Ward, Rep., 46,710. Democratic 
majority, 14,597. 

1865— Ward, Rep., 67,525; Runyon, Dem., 64,736. Repub- 
lican majority, 2,789. 

1868— Randolph, Dem., 83,619; Blair, Rep., 79,072. Demo- 
cratic majority, 4,547. 

1871— Parker, Dem., 82,362; Walsh, Rep., 76,383. Demo- 
cratic majority, 5,979. 

1874— Bedle, Dem., 97,283; Halsey, Rep., 84,050. Demo- 
cratic majority, 13,233. 

1877— McClellan, Dem., 97,837; Newell, Rep., 85,094; Hoxsey. 
Greenback, 5,069; Bingham, Tax and Pro., 1,439. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 12,746. 

1880— Ludlow, Dem., 121,666; Potts, Rep., 121,015; Hoxsey, 
Greenback, 2,759; Ransom, Pro., 195. Democratic plu- 
rality, 651. 

1883— Abbett, Dem.. 103,856; Dixon, Rep., 97,047; Urner, 
Nat., 2,960; Parsons, Pro., 4,153. Democratic plurality, 6,809. 

1886— Green, Dem., 109,939; Howey, Rep., 101,919; Fiske, 
Pro., 19,808. Democratic plurality, 8,020. 

1889— Abbett, Dem., 138,245; Grubb, Rep., 123,992; La Monte, 
Pro., 6,853. Democratic plurality, 14,253. 

1892— Werts, Dem., 167,257; Kean, Jr., Rep., 159,362; Ken- 
nedy, Pro., 7,750; Keim. Soc.-Lab., 1,338; Bird, People's, 894. 
Democratic plurality, 7,625. 

1895— Griggs, Rep., 162,900; McGill, Dem., 136,000; Wilbur. 
Pro., 6,661: Ellis, People's, 1,901; Keim, Soc.-Lab., 4,147. Re- 
publican plurality, 26,900. 

1898— Voorhees, Rep., 164,051; Crane, Dem., 158,552; Lan- 
don. Pro., 6,89.''.; Maguire, Soc.-Lab., 5,458; Schrayshuen, 
People's, 491. Republican plurality, 5,499. 

1901— Murphy, Rep.. 183.814; Seymour. Dem., 166,681; 
Brown. Pro.. 5,365; Vail, Soc, 3,489; Wilson, Soc. Labor, 
1,918. Republican plurality, 17,133. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 131 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FROM 1774 TO THK PRESENT TIME. 

CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 

177-1-5, James Kinsey: 1774-6, John Cooper, Stephen Crane, 
John De Hart, Francis Hopkinson, William Livingston, 
Richard Smith, Richard Stockton; 1776-7, Jonathan D. Ser- 
geant; 1776-S, Abraham Clark, Jonathan Elmer; 1776-9, John 
Witherspoon; 1777-S, Elias Boudinot; 1777-9, Nathaniel Scud- 
der; 1778-9, Frederick Frelinghuysen, Elias Dayton; 1778, 
John Neilson; 1778-80, John Fell; 1779, Thomas Henderson; 
1779-81, William Ch. Houston; 1780-1, William Burnett, Wil- 
liam Paterson; 1780-3, Abraham Clark; 1780-2, John Wither- 
spoon; 3781-3, William Paterson; 1782-3, Frederick Freling- 
huysen; 1781-4, Silas Condict, Jonathan Elmer; 1783-5, John 
Beatty, Samuel Dick; 1783-4, John Stevens, Sr. ; 1784-5, 
Charles Stewart, William Ch. Houston; 1784-7, Lambert 
Cadwalader; 1785-6, John Cleaves Symmes, Josiah Horn- 
blower; 1786-7, James Schureman; 1786-8, Abraham Clark; 
1787, William Paterson; 1787-8, Jonathan Elmer; 1787-9, Jona- 
than Dayton. 



FROM 1789 TO DATE. 

I. 1789-91— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Lambert Cadwal- 
ader, Hunterdon; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem. 

II. 1791-3— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Abraham Clark, 
Essex; Jonathan Dayton, Essex; Aaron Kitchell, Morris; 
James Schureman, Middlesex. 

III. 1793-5— John Beatty, Hunterdon; Elias Boudinot. 
Burlington; Lambert Cadwalader, Hunterdon; Jonathan 
Dayton, Essex; Abraham Clark, Essex (died 1794); Aaron 
Kitchell, Morris (to fill vacancy), 

IV. 1795-7— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; Thomas 
Henderson, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, Essex; Isaac 
Smith, Hunterdon; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

V. 1797-9— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; James H. 
Imlay, Monmouth; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

VI. 1799-1801— John Condit, Essex; Franklin Davenport, 
Gloucester; Samuel H. Imlay, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, 
Morris; James Linn, Somerset. 



132 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

VII. 1801-3— John Condit, Espex; Ebenezer Elmer. Jum- 
berland: William Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burli-.gton; 
Henry Southard. Somerset. 

VIII. 1803-5— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlington; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, Ber- 
g-en. 

IX. 1805-7— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; John T^ambert, Hunterdon; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, 
Essex. 

X. 1807-9— William Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hun- 
terdon; Thomas Newbold, Burlington; James Sloan, Glou- 
cester; Henry Southard. Somerset; E^zra Darby, Essex 
(until 1808): Adam Boyd, Bergen (from 1808-9). 

XI. 1809-11— James Cox. Monmouth (until 1810); William 
Helms. Sussex; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; Thomas New- 
bold. Burlington; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, 
Bergen. 

XII. 1811-13— Adam Boyd, Bergen; Lewis Condict, Mor- 
ris; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; George C. Maxwell, Hun- 
terdon; James Morgan, Middlesex; Thomas Newbold, Bur- 
lington. 

XIII. 1813-1.5— Lewis Condict, Morris; William Cox, Bur- 
lington; Richard Stockton. Somerset; Thomas Ward. Es- 
sex; James Schureman. Middlesex; Jacob Hufty, Cumber- 
land (until 1814); Thomas Binns, Essex (1814-15). 

XIV. 1815-17— Ezra Baker, Middlesex; Ephraim Bateman, 
Cumberland; Benjamin Bennett, Monmouth; Lewis Con- 
dict, Morris; Henry Southard, Somerset; Thomas Ward, 
Essex. 

XV. 1817-19— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin 
Bennett, Monmouth; Joseph Bloomfield, Burlington; 
Charles Kinsey, Essex; John Linn, Sussex; Henry South- 
ard, Sussex. 

XVI. 1819-21— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Joseph 
Bloomfield, Burlington; John Linn, Sussex; Barnard Smith, 
Middlesex; Henry Southard, Somerset; John Condit, Essex 
(until 1820); Thomas Binns, Essex (1820-1). 

XVn. 1821-3— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, 
Gloucester; Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland, Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XVIII. 1823-5— George Cassady, Bergen; Daniel Garrison, 
Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, Glou- 
cester; Lewis Condict, Morris; Samuel Swan, Somerset. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 133 

XIX. 1825-7— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; Daniel Garrison, Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Bur- 
lington. 

XX. 1827-9— Lewis Condict, Essex; Isaac Pierson, Essex; 
Samuel Sv/an, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Burlington; 
George E. Holcombe, Monmouth (until 1828); Hedge 
Thompson, Salem (until 1828); James Fitz Randolph, Mid- 
dlesex (1828-9); Thomas Sinnickson, Salem (1828-9). 

XXI. 1829-31— Richard M. Cooper, Gloucester, Lewis Con- 
dict, Morris; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; Isaac Pier- 
son, Essex; James Fitz Randolph, Middlesex; Samue; 
Swan, Somerset. 

XXIL 1831-3— Lewis Condict, Morris; Richard M. Cooper, 
Gloucester; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; James Fitz 
Randolph, Middlesex; Isaac Southard, Somerset; Silas 
Condit, Essex. 

XXIII. 1833-5— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Essex; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; 
James Parker (D.), Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), 
Somerset; William N. Shinn (D.), Burlington. 

XXIV. 1835-7— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic (re- 
signed and elected Governor); Samuel Fowler (D.), Sus- 
sex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; James Parker (D.), 
Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), Somerset; William 
N. Shinn (D.), Burlington; William Chetwood (D.), Essex 
(vacancy 1836-7). 

XXV. 1837-9— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones York (W.), Salem. 

XXVI. 1839-41- William B. Cooper (D.), Gloucester; 
Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic; Joseph F. Randolph 
(W.), Monmouth; Daniel B. Ryall (D.), Monmouth; Joseph 
Kille (D.), Salem; Peter D. Vroom (D.), Somerset. 

XXVII. 1841-3— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones Yorke (W.), Salem. 

XXVIII. 1843-5— Lucius Q. C. Elmer (D.), Cumberland; 
George Sykes (D.), Burlington; Littleton Kirkpatrick (D.), 
Middlesex; Isaac G. Farlee (D.), Hunterdon; William 
Wright (W.), Essex. 

XXIX. 1845-7— James G. Hampton (V/.), Cumberland; 
Samuel G. Wright (W.) (died 1845), Monmouth; George 
Sykes (D.), (vacancy), Burlington; John Runk (W.), Hun- 



134 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

terdon; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; William Wright 
(W.), Essex. 

XXX. 1847-9— James G. Hampton (W.), Cumberland; 
TVIilliam A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke (W.), 
Middlesex; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; Dudley S. Greg- 
ory (W.), Hudson. 

XXXI. 1849-51— Andrew K. Hay (W.), Camden; "William 
A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke (W.), Middle- 
sex; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; James G. King (W.), 
Hudson. 

XXXII. 1851-3— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Cumberland; 
Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; George H. Brown (W.), Som- 
erset; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; Rodman M. Price 
(D.), Essex. 

XXXIII. 1853-5— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Cumberland; 
Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; Samuel Lilly (D.), Hunter- 
don; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Pennington (W.), 
Essex. 

XXXIV. 1855-7— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Cumberland; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; James Bishop (N. A.), 
Middlesex; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Pennington 
(R:), Essex. 

XXXV. 1857-9— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Cumberland; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; Garnet B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; John Huyler (D.), Bergen; Jacob R. Worten- 
dyke (D.), Hudson. 

XXXVI. 1859-61— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; John 
L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; Garnet B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; Jetur R. Riggs (D.), Passaic; William Penning- 
ton (R.) (Speaker), Essex. 

XXXVII. 1861-3— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; John 
L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; William G. Steele (D.), 
Somerset; George T. Cobb (D.), Morris; Nehemiah Perry 
(D.), Essex. 

XXXVIII. 1863-5- John F. Starr (R.), Camden; George 
Middleton (D.), Monmouth; William G. Steele (D.), Somer- 
set; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Nehemiah Perry (D.), 
Essex. 

XXXIX. 1865-7— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; William A. 
Newell (R.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), Warren; 
Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Ed. R. V. Wright (D.), 
Hudson. 

XL. 1867-9— William Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles Haight 
(D.), Monmouth; Charles S-itgreaves (D.), Warren; John 
Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.). Essex. 

XLI. 1869-71- William Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 135 

. Haight (D.), Monmouth; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; Orestes Cleveland (D.), Hudson. 

XLH. 1871-3— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam'i 
C. Forker (D.), Burlington; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLIII. 1873-5— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Amos Clark, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; William AValter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; Marcus Ij. Ward (R.), Essex; Isaac 
W. Scudder (R.), Hudson. 

XLIV. 1875-7— Clement H. Sinnick.«on (R.), Salem; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Frederick H. Teese (D.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLV. 1877-9- Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; J. 
Howard Pugh (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Thomas B. Peddle (R.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLVI. 1879-81— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; Heze- 
kiah B. Smith (D.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Charles H. Voorhis 
(R.), Bergen; John L. Blake (R.), Essex; Lewis A. Brigham 
(R.), Hudson. 

XLVII. 1881-3— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; John 
Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; Miles Ross (D.), Middlesex; 
Henry S. Harris (D.), Warren; John Hill (R.), MortiS; 
Phineas Jones (R.), Essex; Augustus A. Hardenbergh (D.), 
Hudson. 

XLVTII. 1883-5— Thomas M. Ferrell (D.), Gloucester; 
John Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Benjamin F. Howey (R.), Warren; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; William H. F. Fiedler iD.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

XLIX. 1885-7— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Bu- 
chanan (R.), Mercer; Robert S. Green (D.), Union; James 
N. Pidcock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), 
Bergen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo 
(D.), Hudson. 

L. 1837-9— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), Union; James N. Pid- 
cock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), Ber- 
gen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo (D.), 
Hudson. 

LL 1889-91— Christopher A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 



136 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN- 

Buchanan (R.). Mercer; Jacob A. Geissenhainer (D.). Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; Charles D. Beckwith 
(R.), Passaic; Herman Lehlbach (R.). Essex; William 
McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

LIT. 1891-3— C. A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James Buchanan 
(R.),' Mercer; J. A. Geissenhainer (D.), Monmouth: Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; C. A. Cadmus (D.), Passaic; T. D. 
English (D.), Essex; *E. F. McDonald (D.), Hudson. 

LIH. 1893-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; J. A. Geissenhainer (D.). 
Monmouth; Johnston Cornish (D.), Warren; C. A- Cadmus 
(D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; George B. Fielder 
(D.), Hudson; John T. Dunn (D.), Union. 

LIV. 1895-7— Henry C. I^oudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James T. Stewart 
(R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; Thomas Mc- 
Ewan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LV. 1897-9— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester: 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.). 
Middlesex; jNIahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James T. Stewart 
(R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; Thomas Mc- 
Ewan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVI. 1899-1901— Henry C, Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; James T. Stew- 
art CR.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; fWilliam 
D. Daly (D.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVII. 1901-3— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; ijoshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; James T. Stew- 
art (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; Allan L. 
McDermott (D.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVIII. J903-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; William M. Lanning (R.), Mercer; Charles N. 
Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), Passaic; Rich- 
ard Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William H. Wiley (R.), 
Essex; Allan Benny (D.), Hudson; Allan L. McDermott 
(,D.), Hudson. 



*Mr. McDonald died November 5th, 1892, and he was suc- 
ceeded by George B. Fielder. 

tMr. Daly died after the first session of this Congress, 
and Allan L. McDermott was elected to fill the unexpired 
term. 

$Mr. Salmon died during the first session of this Congress 
and DeWitt C. Flanagan (Dem.) was elected to fill the 
vacancy. 



THE JUDICIARY. 137 

THE JUDICIARY. 

(From 1704 to date.) 



CHANCELLORS. 
(Term, seven years— Salary, $10,000.) 

1845, Oliver S. Halsted; 1852, Benjamin Williamson; 1S60, 
Henry W. Green; 1866, Abraham O. Zabriskie; 1873, Theo- 
dore Runyon; 1887, Alexander T. McGill; 1900, William J. 
Magie. 

CHIEF JUSTICES. 
(Term of office, seven years — Salary, $10,000.) 

1704, Roger Mompesson; 1709, Thomas Gordon; 1710. David 
Jamison; 1723, William Trent; 1724, Robert Lettis Hooper; 
1728, Thomas Farmer; 1738, Robert Hunter Morris; 1758. 
William Aynsley; 1764, Charles Read; 1764, Frederick 
Smyth; 1776, Richard Stockton (declined; 1776, John De 
Hart (declined); 1777, Robert Morris; 1779, David Brearley; 
1789, James Kinsey; 1803, Andrew Kirkpatrick; 1824, Charles 
Ewing; 1832, Joseph C. Hornblower; 1846, Henry W. Green; 
1853, Peter D. Vroom (declined); 1853, Alexander Wurts (de- 
clined); 1861, Edward W. Whelpley; 1864, Mercer Beasley; 
11897, William J. Magie; 1900, David A. Depue; 1901, William 
S. Gummere. 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years— Salary, $9,000 each.) 
1704, William Pinhorne; 1705, William Sandford; 1705, An- 
drew Bowne; 1706, Daniel Coxe; 1708, Thomas Revel; 1708, 
Daniel Leeds; 1710, Peter Sonmans; 1710, Hugh Huddy; 1711, 
Lewis Morris; 1711, Thomas Farmer; 1721, Peter Bard; 1734, 
Daniel Coxe; 1735, John Hamilton; 1739, Joseph Bonnel; 1739, 
John Allen; 1748, Samuel Nevil; 1749, Charles Read; 1754, 
Richard Salter; 1764, John Berrien; 1772, David Ogden; 1774, 
Richard Stockton; 1776, Samuel Tucker; 1776, Francis Hop- 
kinson (declined); 1777, Isaac Smith; 1777, John Cleves 
Symmes; 1788, John Chetwood; 1797, Andrew Kirkpatrick; 
1798, Elisha Boudinot; 1804, William S. Pennington; 1804. 
William Rossell; 1813, Mahlon Dickerson; 1815, Samuel L. 
Southard; 1820, Gabriel H. Ford; 1826, George K. Drake; 
1834, Thomas C. Ryerson; 1838, John Moore White; 1838, 
William L. Dayton; 1838, James S. Nevius; 1841, Daniel 
Elmer; 1841. Ira C. Whitehead; 1845, Thomas P. Carpenter; 
1845, Joseph F. Randolph; 1845, James S. Nevius; 1848, Elias 
B. D. Ogden; 1852, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 1852, Stacy G. Potts; 
1852, Daniel Haines; 1855, Peter Vredenburgh; 1855, Martin 



128 THE JUDICIARY. 

Ryerson; 1S55, Elias B. D. Ogden; 1858, Edward W. Whelp- 
ley i 1859, Daniel Haines; 1859, William S. Clawson; 1859, 
John Vandyke; 1861, George H. Brown; 1861. L. Q. C. Elmer; 
1862, Peter Vredenburgh; 1862, L. Q. C. Elmer; 1862, Elias 
B. D. Ogden; 1S65. Joseph D. Bedle; 1866, Vancleve Dalrim- 
ple; 1866, George S. Woodhull; 1866, '73, '80, '87 and '94, David 
A. Depue; 1869, '76, '83. '90 and '97, Bennet Van Syckel; 1869, 
'76, '83 and '90, Edward W. Scudder;, 1875, '82 and '89, Man- 
ning M. Knapp; 1875, '82, '89 and '96, Jonathan Dixon; 1875, 
'82 and '89, Alfred Reed; 1880 and '87, Joel Parker; 1880, '87 
and '94, William J. Magie; 1888 and '95, Charles G. Garrison; 
1892, George T. Werts; 1893, Job H. Lippincott; 1893, Leon 
Abbett; 1895, William S. Gummere; 1895, George C. Ludlow; 
1897, Gilbert Collins; 1900, John Franklin Fort; 1900, Abram 
Q, Garretson; 1901, Charles E. Hendrickson; 1901, Mahlon 
Pitney. 

ATTORNEY-GENERALS. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $7,000.) 
1704, Alexander Griffith; 1714, Thomas Gordon; 1719, Jere- 
miah Basse; 1723, James Alexander; 1728, Lawrence Smith; 
1733, Joseph Warrel; 1754, Cortland Skinner; 1776, William 
Paterson; 1783, Joseph Bloomfield; 1792, Aaron D. Woodruff; 
1811, Andrew S. Hunter; 1817, Theodore Frelinghuysen; 1829, 
Samuel L. Southard; 1833, John Moore White; 1838, Richard 
S. Field; 1841, George P. Mollesson; 1844, Richard P. Thomp- 
son; 1845, Abraham Browning; 1850, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 
1852, Richard P. Thompson; 1857, William L. Dayton; 1861, 
F. T. Frelinghuysen; 1867, George M. Robeson; 1870, Robert 
Gilchrist; 1875, Joel Parker; 1875, Jacob Vanatta; 1877, John 
P. Stockton; 1897, Sam.uel H. Grey; 1902, Thomas N. McCar- 
ter (term expires April 5, 1907). 

CLERKS IN CHANCERY. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1831, Stacy G. Potts; 1840, Samuel R. Gummere; 1851, Dan- 
iel B. Bodine; 1856, William M. Babbitt; 1861, Barker Gum- 
mere; 1871, Henry S. Little; 1881, George S. Duryee; 1886, 
Allan L. McDermott; 1896, Lewis A. Thompson; 1901, Ed- 
ward C. Stokes (term expires March 30, 3906). 

CLERKS OF SUPREME COURT. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Jonathan D. Sergeant (declined); 1776, Bowes Reed; 
1781, William C. Houston; 1788, Richard Howell; 1793, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1807, William Hyer; 1812, Garret D. Wall; 1817, 
Zachariah Rossell; 1842, Eli Morris; 1842, James Wilson; 
1852, William M. Force; 1857, Charles P. Smith; 1872, Benja- 
min F. Lee; 1897, William Riker, Jr. (term expires Novem- 
ber 2, 1907). 



STATE OFFICERS. 13& 

STATE OFFICERS. 

(From 1776 to date.) 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Charles Pettit (resigned October 7th, 1778); 1778, 
Bowes Reed; 1794, Samuel W. Stockton; 1795, John Beatty; 
1805, James Linn; 1820, Daniel Coleman; 1830, James D. 
Westcott; 1840, Charles G. McChesney: 1851, Thomas S. 
Allison; 1861, Whitfield S. Johnson; 1866, Horace N. Congar; 
1870, Henry C. Kelsey; 1897, George Wurts; 1902. Samuel D. 
Dickinson (term expires April 1, 1907). 

STATE TREASURERS. 
(Term, three years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1770, Richard Smith (resigned February 15th, 1777); 1777, 
John Stevens, Jr.; 1783, John Schureman (declined); 1783, 
James Mott; 1799, James Salter; 1803, -Peter Gordon; 1821, 
Charles Parker; 1832, William Grant; 1833, Charles Parker: 
1836, Jacob Kline; 1837, Isaac Southard; 1843, Thomas Ar- 
rowsmith; 1845, Stacy A. Paxson; 1848, Samuel Mairs; 1851, 
Rescarrick M. Smith; 1865, David Naar; 1866, Howard Ivins; 
1868, William P. McMiehael; 1871, Josephus Sooy, Jr.; 1875, 
Gershom Mott; 1876, George M. Wright; 1885, Jonathan H. 
Blackwell; 1885, John J. Toffey; 1891, George R. Gray; 1894, 
George B. Swain; 1902, Frank O. Briggs (term expires Feb- 
ruary 11, 1905). 

STATE COMPTROLLERS. 
(Term, three years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1865, William K. McDonald; 1871, Albert L. Runyon; 1877, 
Robert F. Stockton; 1880, Edward J. Anderson; 1891, Wil- 
liam C. Heppenheimer; 1894, William S. Hancock; 1902, J. 
Willard Morgan (term expires February 20, 1905). 

ADJUTANT-GENERALS. 
(Salary, $2,500.) 
1776, William Bott; 1793, Anthony Walton White; 1803, 
John Morgan; 1804, Ebenezer Elmer; 1804, Peter Hunt; 1810, 
James J. Wilson; 1812, John Beatty; 1814, James J. Wilson; 
1814, Charles Gordon; 1816, Zachariah Rossell; 1842, Thomas 
Cadwallader; 1858, Robert F. Stockton, Jr.; 1867, William S. 
Stryker; 1900, Alexander C. Oliphant; 1902, R. Heber Breint- 
nall. 



14C STATE OFFICERS. 

QUARTERMASTER-GENERAT.S. 
(Salary, $2,500.) 

1776, John Mehelm; 1778, Matthias Williamson; 1813, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1821, James J. Wilson; 1824, Garret D. Wall; 
1830, Samuel R. Hamilton; 1855, Lewis Perrine (died 1889); 
1890, Richard A. Donnelly. 

STATE PRISON KEEPERS. 

(Term since 1876, five years— Salary, $3,500.) 

Crooks; Henry Bellerjeau; Francis Labaw; 1829, 

Ephraim Ryno; 1830, Thomas M. Perrine; 1836, Joseph A. 
Yard; 1839, John Voorhees; 1841, Jacob B. Gaddis; 1843, 
Joseph A. Yard; 1845, Jacob B. Gaddis; 1851, William B. 
Vanderveer; 1857, Robert P. Stoll; 1862, T. V. D. Hoagland; 
1863, Joseph B. Walker; 1866, Peter P. Robinson; 1868, Joseph 
B. Walker; 1S69, David D. Hennion; 1871, Robert H. Howell; 
1873, Charles Wilson; 1876, Gershom Mott; 18S1, P. H. Lav- 
erty; 1886, John H. Patterson; 1S96, Samuel S. Moore; 1902, 
George O. Osborne (term expires March 18, 1907). 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



141 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Below Is a record of the length of each session, the date 
of meeting- and adjournment of, and the number of laws 
enacted by the various Legislatures since the adoption of 
the new Constitution in 1844: 

[Special Sessions. — An extra session convened on April 
30th, and adjourned on May 10th, 1861, called in obedience 
to Gov-?rnor Olden's proclamation, to raise troops for the 
war. Laws enacted, 13; Joint Resolutions, 2. A special 
session of the Senate was convened in 1877, for the purpose 
of acting on the Governor's nominations of District Court 
Judges; it met on March 28th, and adjourned on March 
30th. A special session of the Senate was convened in 1884, 
to act on the Governor's nominations for members of the 
State Board of Assessors; it met on April 23d, and lasted 
two hours. A special session of the Legislature was called 
on May 25th, 1897, to correct an error in a law providing 
for the submission to the people of proposed amendments 
to the Constitution. The session met at noon, and ad- 
journed sine die the same day at 6:47 P. M.] 















Joint 












Laws 


Resolu- 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. 


enacted 


. tions. 


1845— January 


14, 


April 


4, 


12 Weeks 






1816— 


13, 


" 


18, 


14 


i44 


, , 


1847— 


12, 


M'ch 


5, 


8 


109 


13 


1848— 


11, 


" 


9, 


9 


136 


14 


1849— 


9, 


" 


2. 


8 


136 


12 


1850— 


8, 


" 


8, 


9 


123 


9 


1851— 


14, 


" 


19, 


10 


171 


3 


1852— 


13, 


" 


30, 


11 


213 


9 


1853— 


12, 


" 


11, 


9 


198 


12 


1854— 


10, 


" 


17, 


10 


223 


13 


1855— 


9, 


April 


6, 


13 


258 


5 


1856— 


8, 


M'ch 


14, 


10 


180 


11 


1857— 


13, 


" 


21, 


10 


223 


2 


1858— 


12, 


" 


18, 


10 


215 


8 


1859— 


11, 


" 


23, 


11 


231 


1 


1860— 


10, 


" 


22. 


11 


270 


6 


1861— 


8, 


" 


15, 


10 


181 


2 


1862— 


14, 


" 


28, 


11 


194 


5 


1863— 


13, 


" 


25, 


11 


279 


3 


1864— 


12, 


April 


14, 


14 


446 


7 


1865— 


10, 


" 


6, 


13 


514 


5 


1866— 


9, 


«' 


6, 


13 


487 


6 


1867— 


18, 


" 


12, 


12 


480 


12 


1868— 


14, 


" 


17, 


14 


566 


11 


1869— 


12, 


" 


2, 


12 


577 


5 



142 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 















Joint 












Laws 


Resolu- 


Year. Meetin 


S- 


Adjournment. 


Length. 


enacted 


. tions. 


1870— January 


11. 


M'ch 


17, 


10 Weeks. 


532 


6 


1871— 


10, 


April 


6, 


13 


625 


9 


1872— 


9, 


" 


4, 


13 


603 


10 


1873— 


14, 


" 


4, 


12 


723 


1 


1874— 


13, 


M'ch 


27, 


11 


534 


1 


1875— 


12, 


April 


9, 


13 


439 





1876— 


11, 


" 


21, 


15 


213 


6 


1877— 


9, 


M'ch 


9. 


9 


156 


6 


1878- 


8. 


April 


5, 


13 


267 


7 


1879- 


14, 


M'ch 


14, 


9 


209 


3 


1880— 


13, 


" 


12, 


9 


224 


4 


1881— 


11, 


" 


25, 


11 


230 


10 


1882— 


10, 


" 


31, 


12 


190 


7 


1883- 


9, 


" 


23, 


11 


208 


6 


1884— 


8, 


April 


18, 


15 


225 


9 


18S5— 


13, 


" 


4, 


12 


250 


4 


1886—* " 


12, 


June 


2. 


15 


279 


3 


1887- 1 " 


11, 


April 


7, 


13 


182 


3 


1888— 


10, 


M'ch 


30, 


12 


337 


11 


1889— 


8, 


April 


20, 


15 


297 


8 


1890— 


14, 


May 


23, 


19 


311 


3 


1891— 


13, 


M'ch 


20, 


10 


285 


6 


1892— 


12, 


" 


11, 


9 


296 


1 


1893— 


10, 


" 


11, 


9 


292 


2 


1894—} " 


9, 


Oct. 


2, 


20 


354 


7 


1895—11 " 


8, 


June 


13. 


13 


434 


8 


1896— 


14, 


M'ch 


26, 


11 


219 


2 


1897— 


12, 


" 


31, 


12 


206 


1 


1898— 


11, 


" 


25, 


11 


242 


2 


1899— 


10, 


" 


24, 


11 


219 


3 


1900— 


9, 


" 


23, 


11 


198 


3 


1901— 


8, 


" 


22, 


11 


210 


2 


1902— 


14, 


** 


27, 


11 


279 


4 



*After a session of 14 weeks the Houi^e took a recess on 
April 16th till June 1st. The Senate continued in session, 
as a Court of Impeachment, till April 22d, when a recess 
was taken till June 1st. Up to the time of taking the recess 
the Senate and House were in session together 14 weeks, 
and the Senate by itself one week. Both Houses re- 
assembled on June 1st, and an adjournment sine die took 
place at 5 o'clock P. M., on Wednesday, June 2d. The 
Laverty impeachment trial was opened before the Senate, 
sitting as a court, on March 11th, and ended on Wednesday, 
April 21st, at 9 o'clock P. M., when a verdict of guilty on 
two counts, by a two-thirds majority, was returned. The 
trial lasted 19 days. See Senate Journal, session of 1886, 
, pages 905 to 959. 

tThe Senate did not organize till February 1st. 

|On May 26th a recess was taken until October 2d, when 
the Legislature re-assembled, and without transacting any 
business adjourned sine die at 3:30 in the afternoon. 

iiOn March 22d a recess was taken until June 4th, when 
the Legislature re-assembled, and, remaining in session 
two weeks, adjourned sine die on June 13th. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 143 

POLICITAL COMPLEXION OF NEW JER- 
SEY'S LEGISLATURES. 

(From 1840 to date.) 



1840— Council, 13 Whigs; 5 Dems. House, 41 Whigs, 12 
Denis. 



1841— Council, 9 Whigs; 9 Dems. House, 35 Whigs 
Dems. 

1842— Council, 10 Whigs; 8 Dems. House, 32 Whigs 
Dems. 

1843— Council, 6 Whigs; 12 Dems. House, 23 Whigs 
Dems. 

1884— Council, 13 Whigs; 6 Dems. House, 40 Whigs 
Dems. 

1845— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 30 Whigs 
Dems.; 1 Native American. 

1846— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 40 Whigs 
Dems. 

1847— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 38 Whigs 
Dems. 

1848— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 39 Whigs 
Dems. 

1849— Senate, 10 Whigs; 9 Dems. House, 33 Whigs 
Dems. 

1850— Senate, 9 Whigs; 11 Dems. House, 25 Whigs 
Dems. 



23 
26 
35 
18 
27 
18 
20 
19 
25 
35 
30 
15 
21 
20 



1851— Senate, 10 Whigs; 10 Dems. House, 28 Whigs 
Dems. 

1852— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. House, 45 Dems. 
Whigs. 

1853— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. House, 39 Dems. 
Whigs. 

1854— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. House, 40 Dems. 
Whigs. 

1855— Senate, 10 Dems.; 9 Whigs; 1 Native American. 
House, 29 Dems.; 25 Whigs; 6 Native American. 

1856— Senate, 11 Dems.; 5 Whigs; 4 Native American. 
House, 30 Dems.; 14 Whigs; 1 Ind. Dem. ; 15 Native Amer- 
ican. 

1857— Senate, 11 Dems.; 6 Whigs; 3 Know Nothings. 
House, 38 Dems.; combined opposition, 22. 

1858— Both Houses Democratic. 

1859— Senate, Democratic. House, Opposition. 

1860— Senate, Democratic. House, 30 Dems.; 28 Reps.; 2 
American. 

1861— Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1862— Senate, Democrats and Republicans, tie; Independ- 
ent, 1. House, Democratic. Democratic majority on joint 
ballot, 3. 



144 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



8 Democrats. House, 41 



House, a tie. 



1863— Both Houses Democratic. 

1864 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1865 — Senate, Democratic. House, a tie. 

1S66 — Both Houses Republican. 

1867— Both Houses Republican. 

1868— Both Houses Democratic. 

1869— Both Houses Democratic. 

1870 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1871— Both Houses Republican. 

1872— Both Houses Republican. 

1873 — Both Houses Republican. 

1874 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 32 Re- 
publicans; 28 Democrats. 

1875— Senate, 13 Republicans; 
Democrats; 19 Republicans. 

1876— Both Houses Republican. 

1877— Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. 

1878 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1879— Both Houses Republican. 

1880— Both Houses Republican. 

1881 — Both Houses Republican. 

1882 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1883— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. 
Democrats; 25 Republicans. 

1884 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1885 — Both Houses Republican. 

1886— Both Houses Republican. 

1887— Senate. 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. 
Democrats, 26 Republicans; 2 Labor Democrats. 

1888— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 37 Re- 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1889 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. 
Democrats; 28 Republicans. 

1890— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats. 
Democrats; 23 Republicans. 

1891 — Senate, 14 Democrats; 
Democrats; 20 Republicans. 

1892— Senate. 16 Democrats; 
Democrats; 18 Republicans. 

1893— Senate, 16 Democrats; 
Democrats; 21 Republicans. 

1894 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
publicans; 20 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1895- Senate, 16 Republicans; 
publicans; 6 Democrats. 

1896— Senate. 18 Republicans; 3 
publicans; 16 Democrats; 1 Ind. 

1897— Senate. 18 Republicans; 3 
publicans; 4 Democrats. 

1898— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 37 Re- 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1899- Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 37 Re- 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1000— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 43 Re- 
publicans: 16 Democrats; 1 vacancy. 

1901— Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats, 
publicans; 15 Democrats. ■ 

1902 — Senate. 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats. House, 46 Re- 
publicans; 14 Democrats. 

1903— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 38 Re- 
publicans; 22 Democrats. . 



House, 35 



House, 32 



House, 32 
House, 37 



7 Republicans. House, 40 
5 Republicans. House, 42 
5 Republicans. House, 39 



House, 39 Re- 



Democrats. House, 54 Re- 



Democrats. 

Dem. 

Democrats. 



House, 43 Re- 
House, 56 Re- 



House, 45 Re- 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 145 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF COUNCIL AND 

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF ASSEMBLY. 

(From 1776 to 1844, when the new Constitution was formed.) 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

1776-81— John Stevens, Hunterdon. 
1782 —John Cox, Burlington. 
1783-84— Philemon Dickinson, Hunterdon. 
1785-88— Robert Lettis Hooper, Hunterdon. 
1789-92— Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1793-94— Thomas Henderson, Monmouth. 
1795 —Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1796-97— James Linn, Somerset. 
1798-1800— George Anderson, Burlington. 
1801-04— John Lambert, Hunterdon. 

1805 — Thomas Little, Monmouth. 

1806 — George Anderson, Burlington. 

1807 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1808 —Ebenezer Seeley, Cumberland. 

1809 —Thomas Ward, Essex. 
1810-11— Charles Clark, Essex. 

1812 — James Schureman, Middlesex. 

1813 —Charles Clark, Essex. 
1814-15— William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1816-22— Jesse Upson, Morris. 
1823-25— Peter J. Stryker, Somerset, 

1826 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 

1827 —Silas Cook, Morris. 

1828 —Charles Newbold, Burlington. 
1829-30— Edward Condict, Morris. 
1831-32— Ellas P. Seeley, Cumberland. 

1833 — Mahlon Dickerson, Morris. 

1834 — Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

1835 —Charles Sitgreaves, Warren, 

1836 — Jeptha B. Munn, Morris. 
1837-38— Andrew Parsons, Passaic. 
1839-40 — Joseph Porter, Gloucester. 

1842 —John Cassedy, Bergen. 

1843 —William Chetwood, Essex. 

1844 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 



10 



146 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

SPEAKERS. 

1776-78— John Hart, Hunterdon. 

Second Session 1778— Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1779 —Caleb Camp, Essex. 

17g0 — Josiah Hornblower, Essex. 

1781 —John Mehelm, Hunterdon. 

1782-83— Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 

1784 —Daniel Hendrickson, Monmouth. 

1785-86— Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1787 —Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 

1788 —Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1789 —John Beatty, Middlesex. 

1790 —Jonathan Dayton, Essex. 

1791 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1792-94— Silas Condict, Morris. 

1795 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cum.berland. 

1796 —James H. Imlay, Monmouth. 

1797 —Silas Condict, Morris. 
1798-1800— William Coxe, Burlington. 

1801 —Silas Dickerson, Sussex. 

1802 —William Coxe, Burlington. 

1803 —Peter Gordon, Hunterdon. 
1804-07— James Cox, Monmouth. 
1808-09— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1810-11— William Kennedy. Sussex. 

1812 —William Pearson, Burlington. 

1813 —Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 
1814-15— Samuel Pennington, Essex. 

1816 —Charles Clark, Essex. 

1817 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1818-22— David Thompson, Jr., Morris. 
1823 —Lucius Q. C. Elmer, Cumberland. 
1S24 —David Johnston, Hunterdon. 
1825-26— George K. Drake, Morris. 
1827-28— William B. Ewing, Cumberland. 
1829-31— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 
1832 —John P. Jackson, Essex. 
1833-35— Daniel B. Ryall, Monmouth. 

1836 —Thomas G. Haight, Monmouth. 
1837-38— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1839 —William Stites, Essex. 
1840-41- John Emley, Burlington. 
1842 —Samuel B. Halsey, Morris^ 
1843-44— Joseph Taylor, Cumberland. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 147 



SENATE OFFICERS. 



PRESIDENTS. 

1845-48— John C. Smallwoocl, Gloucester. 
3849-50— Ephraim Marsh, Morris. 

1851 —Silas D. Canfield, Passaic. 

1852 — John Manners, Hunterdon. 
1853-56— W. C. Alexander, Mercer. 

1857-58— Henry V. Speer, Middlesex. • 

1859 —Thomas R. Herring, Bergen. 

1860 — C. L. C. Gifford, Essex. 

1861 — Edmund Perry, Hunterdon. 

1862 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1863 —Anthony Reckless, Monmouth. 

1864 — Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 

1865 —Edward W. Scudder, Mercer. 

1866 — James M. Scovel, Camden. 

1867 —Benjamin Buckley, Passaic. 
1868-69— Henry S. Little, Monmouth. 
1870 — Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 
1871-72- Edward Bettle, Camden. 
1873-75— John W. Taylor, Essex. 

1876 — W. J. Sewell, Camden. 

1877 —Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1878 — G. C. Ludlow, Middlesex. 
1879-80— W. J. Sewell, Camden. 
1881-82— G. A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1883 —J. J. Gardner, Atlantic. 

1884 — B. A. Vail, Union. 

1885 —A. V. Schenck, Middlesex. 

1886 — John W. Griggs, Passaic. 

1887 —Frederick S. Fish, Essex. 

1888 —George H. Large, Hunterdon. 

1889 —George T. Werts, Morris. 

1890 — H. M. Nevius, Monmouth. 
1891-93— Robert Adrain, Middlesex. 

1894 —Maurice A, Rogers, Camden. 

1895 —Edward C. Stokes, Cumberland. 

1896 —Lewis A. Thompson, Somerset; Robert Williams, 

Passaic. 

1897 —Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1898 —Foster M. Voorhees, Union; William H. Skirm (pro 

tem.), Mercer, 

1899 —Charles A. Reed, Somerset. 



148 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1900 —William M. Johnson, Bergen. 

1901 — Mahlon Pitney, Morris. 

1902 — C. Asa Francis, Monmouth. 



SECRETARIES. 

1845-47— Daniel Dodd, Jr., Essex. 
1848-50— Philip J. Gray, Camden. 
1851 —John Rogers, Burlington. 
1852-53— Samuel A. Allen, Salem. 
1854 —A. R. Throckmorton, Hudson. 
1855-56— A. R. Throckm.orton, Monmouth. 
1857-58— A. B. Chamberlain, Hunterdon. 
1859-60— John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1861 —Joseph J. Sleeper, Burlington. 
1862-63— Morris R. Hamilton, Camden. 
1864-65— John H. Meeker, Essex. 
1866-67— Enoch R. Borden, Mercer. 
1868-69— Joseph B. Cornish, Warren. 
1870 —John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1871-74— John F. Babcock, Middlesex. 
1875-76— N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1877-78 — C. M. Jemison, Somerset. 
1879 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1880-82— George Wurts, Passaic. 
1883-85— W. A. Stiles, Sussex. 
1886-88— Richard B. Reading, Hunterdon. 

1889 —John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1890 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1891-92— John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1893 —Samuel C. Thompson, Warren. 

1894 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1895-97— Henry B. Rollinson, Union. 
1898 —George A. Frey, Camden. 
1899-1900— Augustus S. Barber, Jr., Gloucester. 
1901-02— Walter E. Edge, Atlantic. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 149 

ASSEMBLY OFFICERS. 



SPEAKERS. 



1845 —Isaac Van Wagenen. Essex. 

1846 —Lewis Howell, Cumberland. 
1847_48_john W. C. Evans. Burlington. 

1849 — Edw. W. Whelpley, Morris. 

1850 —John T. Nixon, Cumberland. 

1851 —John H. Phillips, Mercer. 

1852 —John Huyler, Bergen. 

1853-54— John W. Fennimore, Burlington. 

1855 —William Parry, Burlington. 

1S56 —Thomas W. Demarest, Bergen. 

1857 —Andrew Butcher, Mercer. 

1858 —Daniel Holsman, Bergen. 

1859 —Edwin Salter. Ocean. 

1860 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1861 — F. H. Teese, Essex. 

1862 —Charles Haight, Monmouth. 

1863 —James T. Crowell, Middlesex. 

1864 —Joseph N. Taylor, Passaic. 

1865 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1866 —John Hill, Morris. 

1867 — G. W. N. Curtis, Camden. 

1868 —Aug. O. Evans, Hudson. 
1869-70— Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1871 —Albert P. Condit, Essex. 

1872 —Nathaniel Niles, Morris. 

1873 —Isaac L. Fisher, Middlesex. 

1874 —Garret A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1875 —George O. Vanderbilt, Mercer. 

1876 —John D. Carscallen, Hudson. 

1877 —Rudolph F. Rabe. Hudson. 

1878 —John Eagan, Union. 

1879 —Schuyler B. Jackson, Essex. 

1880 —Sherman B. Oviatt, Monmouth. 

1881 — Harrison Van Duyne, Essex. 

1882 —John T. Dunn. Union. 

1883 —Thomas O'Connor, Essex. 

1884 —A. B. Stoney, Monmouth. 
1885-86— E. A. Armstrong, Camden. 

1887 —William M. Baird, Warren. 

1888 —Samuel D. Dickinson, Hudson. 

1889 —Robert S. Hudspeth, Hudson. 



150 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1890 — W. C. Heppenheimer, Hudson. 
1891-92— James J. Bergen, Somerset. 

1893 —Thomas Flynn. Passaic. 

1894 —John I. Holt,* Passaic; Joseph Cross,* Union. 

1895 —Joseph Cross, Union. 

1896 — Louis T. Derousse, Camden. 

1897 — George W. Macpherson, Mercer. 
1898-99— David O. Watkins, Gloucester. 
1900 —Benjamin F. Jones, Essex. 
1901-02— William J. Bradley, Camden. 

CLERKS. 

1845 —Alexander D. Cattell, Salem. 

1846 —Adam C. Davis, Hunterdon. 
1847-50— Alex. M. Gumming, Mercer. 
1851-52— David Naar, Essex. 

1853-54— David W. Dellicker, Somerset. 
1855 —Peter D. Vroom, Hudson. 
1856-57— William Darmon, Gloucester. 

1858 —Daniel Blauvelt, Essex. 

1859 —John P. Harker, Camden. 

1860 — D. Blauvelt, Jr., Essex. 
1861-62— Jacob Sharp, Warren. 
1863-64— Levi Scoby, Monmouth. ■ 
1865-66— George B. Cooper, Cumberland. 
1867 —Ed. Jardine, Bergen. 
1868-70— A. M. Johnston, Mercer. 

1871 — A. M. Cumming, Mercer. 

1872-74— Sinnickson Chew, Camden. 

1875 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1876-77- John Y. Foster, Essex. 

1878 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1879-81— C. O. Cooper, Morris. 

1882-83— Arthur Wilson, Monmouth. 

1884 —Henry D. Winton, Bergen. 

1885-86— Samuel Toombs, Essex. 

1887 — Joseph Atkinson, Essex. 

1888 —James P. Logan, Burlington. 
1889-90— John J. Matthews, Union. 
1891-92— Thos. F. Noonan, Jr., Hudson. 

1893 — Leonard Kalisch, Essex. 

1894 —J. Herbert Potts, Hudson. 
1895-97— James Parker, Passaic. 
1898-99— Thomas H. Jones, Essex. » 
1900-02— James Parker, Passaic. 



-Speaker Holt resigned on May 26th, and Mr. rJross suc- 
ceeded him. 



STATE CENSUS. 151 

CENSUS OF NEW JERSEY, 1900. 



Population of New Jersey by Minor Civil Divisions, 
1890 and 1900. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

1900. 1890. 

Absecon town 530 501 

Atlantic City 27,838 13,055 

First ward 6,236 

Second ward 5,830 

Third ward 7,656 

Fourth ward 8,116 

Brigantine city 99 

Buena Vista township 1,646 1,299 

Egg Harbor city 1,808 1,439 

Egg Harbor township 1,863 3,027 

Galloway township 2,469 2,208 

Hamilton township 1,682 1,512 

Hammonton town 3,481 3,833 

Lin wood borough 495 536 

Longport borowgh 80 

Mullica township 880 697 

Pleasantville borough 2,182 

Somers Point borough 308 191 

South Atlantic City borough 69 

Weymouth township 972 538 



BERGEN COUNTY. 



46,402 28,836 



Allendale borough 694 

Bergen township 346 

Bergenfields borough 729 

Bogota borough 337 

Carlstadt borough 2,574 1,549 

Cliff side Park borough 968 

Cresskill borough 486 527 

Delford borough 746 

Dumont borough 643 

East Rutherford borough 2,640 1,438 

Englewood city 6,253 

First ward..;... 1,535 

Second ward 1,463 

Third ward 2,126 

Fourth ward 1,129 

Englewood Cliffs borough 218 

p-airview borough 1,003 

Franklin township 2,139 

Garfield borough 3,504 1,028 

Harrington township 3,224 

Hasbrouck Heights borough 1,255 

Hillsdale township 891 

Hohokus township 2,610 

Leonia borough 804 

Little Ferry borough 1,240 781 

Lodi borough ,. 1,917 998 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 



152 STATE CENSUS. 

1900. 1890, 

Lodi township 448 

May wood borough 536 

Midland township 1.298 

Midland Park borough l,o48 

Montvale borough 416 

New Barbadoes township, coextensive with 

Hackensack town 9.443 6,004 

Hackensack town: 

First ward 2,608 

Second ward 2,324 

Third ward 2,079 

Fourth ward 1,870 

Fifth ward 562 

North Arlington borough 290 

Old Tappan borough 269 

Orvil township 1.207 

Overpeck township 1,987 

Palisades township 860 

Palisades Park borough 644 

Park Ridge borough 870 

Ridgefield borough 584 

Ridgefield township 2,612 

Rldgewood township, coextensive with 

Glenn Rock borough and Ridgewood vil- 
lage 3,298 

Glenn Rock borough '. . 613 

Ridgewood village 2,685 1,047 

Riverside borough 561 

Rutherford borough 4,411 2,293 

Saddle River borough 415 

Saddle River township 1,954 

Teaneck township 768 

Tenafly borough 1,746 1,046 

Undercliff borough 1,006 

Union township 1,590 

Upper Saddle River borough 326 

Wallington borough 1,812 

Washington township 782 

Westwood borough 828 

Woodcliff borough 329 

Woodridge borough 582 575 



78,441 47,226 



Bass River township 800 853 

Beverly city 1,950 1,957 

Beverly township 1,804 1,451 

Bordentown city 4,110 4,232 

First ward 1,669 

Second ward 1,569 

Third ward 872 

Bordentown township 488 858 

Burlington city 7,392 7,264 

First ward 1,637 

Second ward 2,083 

Third ward 1,853 

Fourth ward 1,819 

Burlington township 1,061 958 

Chester township 4,420 3,768 



STATE CENSUS. 153 

1900. 1890. 

Chesterfield township 1,143 1,253 

Cinnaminson township 1,078 2,891 

Delran township 890 2,267 

Easthampton township 584 654 

Evesham township 1,429 1,501 

Fieldsboro borough 459 ..... 

Florence township 1,955 1,922 

Lumberton lownship 1,624 1,799 

Mansfield township 1,518 1,671 

Medford township 1,969 1,864 

Mt. Laurel township 1,644 1,699 

New Hanover township 1,827 1,962 

Northampton township 5,168 5,376 

Palmyra township 2,300 

Pemberton borough 771 834 

Pemberton township 1,493 1,805 

Riverside township 2,581 

Riverton borough .- 1,332 

Shamong township 910 958 

Southampton township 1,901 1,849 

Springfield township 1,382 1,670 

Washington township 617 310 

Westhampton township 567 688 

Willingboro township 673 739 

Woodland township 398 327 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 



58,241 58,528 



Camden city 75,935 58,313 

First ward 8.283 

Second ward 7.158 

Third ward 4,592 

Fourth ward 4,950 

Fifth ward 7,971 

Sixth ward 7,373 

Seventh ward 8,151 

Eighth ward 7,760 

Ninth ward 6,337 

Tenth ward 4,886 

Eleventh ward 3,894 

Twelfth ward 4,580 

Center township 2,192 1,834 

Chesilhurst borough 283 

Collingswood borough 1,633 539 

Delaware township 1,679 1,457 

Gloucester city 6,840 6,564 

First ward 2.750 

Second ward 4,C90 

Gloucester township 4,018 3,091 

Haddon township 2,012 888 

Haddonfield borough 2,776 2,502 

Merchantville borough 1,608 1,225 

Pennsauken township 3,145 

Voorhees township 969 

Waterford township 2,161 2,421 

Winslow township 2,392 2,408 



107,643 87,687 



154 STATE CENSUS. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

1900. 1890. 

Anglesea borough 161 161 

Avalon borough 93 

Cape May city 2,257 2,136 

Cape May Point borough 153 167 

Dennis township 2,778 1,707 

Holly Beach borough 569 217 

Lower township 1,141 1,156 

Middle township 2,191 2,368 

Ocean City 1,307 452 

First ward 626 

Second ward 681 

Sea Isle City borough 340 766 

South Cape May borough 14 

Upper township 1,351 1,381 

West Cape May borough 696 757 

Wlldw'ood borough 150 



13,201 11,268 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 



Bridgeton city 13,913 11,424 

First ward 2,557 

Second ward 3,031 

Third ward 3,434 

!• ourth ward 3,075 

Fifth ward 1,816 

Commercial towmship 2,982 2,344 

Deerfield township 3,066 2,614 

Downe township 1,833 1,793 

Fairfield township 1,911 1,688 

Greenwich township 1,283 1,173 

Hopewell township 1,807 1,743 

Landis township 4.721 3,855 

Lawrence township 1,658 1,729 

Maurice PJver township 2,132 2,279 

Millville city 10,583 10,002 

First ward 3,296 

Second ward 1,934 

Third ward 3,007 

Fourth ward 2,346 

Stowe Creek township 934 972 

Vineland borough 4,370 3,822 

51,193 45,438 



ESSEX COUNTY. 

Belleville township 5,907 . 3,487 

Bloomfield town 9,668 7,708 

Caldwell borough 1,367 

Caldwell township 1,619 3,638 

Clinton township 1,325 3,684 

Last Orange ci.y 21,506 13,282 

First ward 3.017 

Second ward 4,847 

Third ward 5,548 

Fourth ward 3,413 

Fifth ward 4,681 



STATE CENSUS. 155 

1900. 1890. 

Franklin township 3,682 2,007 

Glen Ridge borough 1,960 

Irving ton town 5,255 

Livingston township 1,412 1,197 

Milburn township 2,837 2,437 

Montclair town 13,962 8,656 

First ward 4,374 

Second ward 3,483 

Third ward 3,386 

Fourth ward 2,719 

Newark city 246,070 181,830 

First ward 13,805 

Second ward 13,670 

Third ward 21,370 

Fourth ward 11,111 

Fifth ward 15,103 

Sixth ward 17,821 

•Seventh ward 14,531 

Eighth ward 13,551 

Ninth ward 12.086 

Tenth ward 18,313 

Eleventh ward 18,632 

Twelfth ward 16,912 

Thirteenth ward 21,194 

Fourteenth ward 23,359 

Fifteenth ward 14,612 

North Caldwell borough 297 

Orange city 24,141 18,844 

First ward 6,240 

Second ward 4,072 

Third ward 5,081 

Fourth ward 5,763 

Fifth ward 2,985 

South Orange township 1,630 1,078 

South Orange village 4,608 3,106 

Vailsburg borough 2,779 786 

Verona township 2,139 

West Orange town 6,889 4,358 



GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 



359,053 256,098 



Clayton borough 1,951 1,807 

Clayton township 38 492 

Deptford township 2,114 1,681 

East Greenwich township 1,323 1,259 

Elk township 997 

Franklin township 2,252 2,021 

Glassboro township 2,677 2,642 

Greenwich township 2,252 1,900 

Harrison townsh'p 1.569 1.545 

liOgan township 1,444 1,523 

Mantau township 2,101 1,791 

Monroe township 2.402 1,945 

South Harrison township 706 971 

Washington township 1,252 1,155 

Wenonah borough 498 383 

West Deptford township 1,951 1,588 



156 STATE CENSUS. 

1900. 1890. 

Woodbury city 4,087 3,911 

First ward 1,006 

Second ward 1,812 

Third ward 1.269 

Woolwich township 2,291 2,035 

31,905 28,649 

HUDSON COUNTY. 
Bayonne city 32,722 19.033 

First ward 4,582 

Second ward 13,156 

Third ward 5.572 

Fourth ward 3.593 

"Fifth* ward 5,819 

East Newark borough 2,500 

Guttenberg town 3,825 1,947 

Harrison town 10,5% 8,338 

First ward 1,885 

Second ward 1,175 

Third ward 3,045 

Fourth ward 4,491 

Hoboken city .59,364 43,648 

First ward 10,955 

Second ward 8,472 

Third ward 14,218 

Fourth ward 14.983 

Fifth ward 10,736 

Jersey City 206,433 163,003 

First ward 19,190 

Second ward 19,185 

Third ward 17,392 

Fourth ward 13,133 

Fifth ward 14,204 

Sixth ward 15,540 

Seventh ward 14,186 

Eighth ward 19,112 

Ninth ward 14,937 

Tenth ward 15.505 

Eleventh ward 22,754 

Twelfth ward 21.295 

Kearney town 10,876 

First ward 3,166 

Second ward 2.946 

Third ward 2.111 

Fourth ward 2,673 

North Bergen township 9,213 5,715 

Secaucus borough l,r"'26 

Union town 15,187 10,643 

First ward , 4,922 

Second ward 5.215 

Third ward 5,C50 

Weehawken township 5,325 1,943 

West Hoboken town -^.^ . . 23,094 11,665 

First ward 7.781 

Second ward 7,940 

Third ward 7,373 

West New York town ^^ 5,267 

First ward 1-475 

Second ward 1.554 

Third ward 2,238 

386,048 275,126 



STATE CENSUS. ' 157 



HUNTERDON COUNTY. 



Alexandria township 

Bethlehem township 

Clinton borough 

Clinton township 

Delaware township 

East Amwell township 

Franklin township 

Frenchtown borough 

High Bridge borough 

Holland township 

Junction borough 

Kingwood township 

Lambertville city 

First ward 1,322 

Second ward 1,345 

Third ward 1,970 

Lebanon township 

Rariton township 

Readington township 

Stockton borough 

Tewksbury township 

Union township 

West Amwell township 



1900. 


1890. 


1,045 


1,250 


1,634 


1,790 


816 


913 


2,296 


1,975 


1,953 


3,037 


1,327 


1,375 


1,258 


1,287 


1,020 


1,023 


1,377 




1,652 


1,704 


998 


518 


1,304 


1,424 


4,637 


4,142 


2,253 


2,337 


4,037 


3,798 


2,670 


2,813 


590 




1,883 


2,034 


918 


1,134 


839 


866 



34,507 35,355 



MERCER COUNTY. 



East Windsor township, 894 881 

Ewing township 1,333 3,129 

Hamilton township 4,164 4,163 

Hightsto wn borough 1,749 1,875 

Hopewell borough 980 

Hopewell township 3,360 3,750 

Lawrence township 1,555 1,448 

Pennington borough ' 733 588 

Princeton borough 3,899 3,422 

Princeton township 955 809 

Trenton, city 73,307 57,458 

First ward 4,901 

Second ward 3,895 

Third ward 5,361 

Fourth ward 8,146 

Fifth ward 8,706 

Sixth ward 3,091 

Seventh ward 4,475 

Eighth ward 3,688 

Ninth ward 6,933 

Tenth ward 6,358 

Eleventh ward 7,679 

Twelfth ward 2,544 

Thirteenth ward 5,081 

Fourteenth ward 2,449 

Washington township 1,157 1,126 

West Windsor township 1,279 1,329 



95,365 79,978 



158 STATE CENSUS. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

1900. 1890. 

Cranbury township 1,428 1,422 

Dunellen borough 1.239 1,060 

East Brunswick township 2,42.3 2,642 

Helmetta borough 447 

Jamesburg borough 1,063 887 

Madison township 1,671 1,520 

Metuchin borough 1,786 770 

Milltow^n borough 561 

Monroe township 1,899 2,153 

New Brunswick township, coextensive with 

New Brunswick city 20,006 18,603 

New Brunswick city: 

First ward 3,305 

Second ward 3,346 

Third ward 3,178 

Fourth ward 3,276 

Fifth ward 3,575 

Sixth ward 3,326 

North Brunswick township 847 1,238 

Perth Amboy township, coextensive with 

Perth Amboy city 17,699 9,512 

Perth Amboy city: 

First ward 1,728 

Second ward 1,9-53 

Third ward 3,437 

Fourth ward 3,183 

Fifth ward 2,749 

Sixth ward 4,649 

Piscataway township 2,628 2,226 

Raritan township 2,801 3,018 

Sayreville township 4,155 3,509 

South Amboy township, coextensive with 

South Amboy borough 6,349 4,330 

South Brunswick township 2,337 2,403 

South River borough 2,792 1,796 

Woodbridge township 7,631 4,66o 

79,762 61,754 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

Allenhurst borough 165 

Allentown borough 695 

Asbury Park city 4,148 ..... 

Atlantic township 1,410 1,505 

Atlantic Highlands borough 1,383 945 

Belmar borough 902 

Bradley Beach borough 982 

Deal borough ^0 ...^. 

Eatontown township 3,021 2,9d3 

Englishtown borough ^410 444 

Freehold town 2,934 2,932 

Freehold township 2,234 2,165 

Highlands borough 1,228 ..... 

Holmdel township 1,190 1,479 

Howell township 3,103 3,018 

Keyport town 3,413 3,411 

Long Branch town »,o^^ < -^^^ 

Manalapan township 1.435 1,558 



STATE CENSUS. - 159 

1900. 1890. 

Manasquan borough 1,500 1,506 

Marlboro township 1,747 1,913 

Matawan borough 1,511 1,491 

Matawan township 1,310 1,692 

Middleto wn township 5,479 5,650 

Millstone township 1,509 1,782 

Neptune township 7,943 8,333 

Neptune City borough 1,009 

North Spring Lake borough 361 277 

Ocean township 4,251 2,978 

Raritan township 1,524 1,368 

Red Bank town = 5,428 4,145 

Seabright borough 1,198 

Shrewsbury township 3,842 4,222 

Spring Lake borough 526 

Upper Freehold township 2,112 2,861 

Wall township 3,212 3,269 

82,057 69,128 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

Boonton township, Including Boonton town 4,710 3,307 

Boonton town 3,901 2,981 

Chatham borough 1,361 780 

Chatham township 620 1,432 

Chester township 1,409 1,625 

Dover township 5,938 

Florham Park borough 752 

Hanover township 5,366 4,481 

Jefferson township 1,341 1,611 

Madison borough 3,754 2,469 

Mendham township 1,600 1,266 

Morris township 2,571 1,999 

Morristown town 11,267 8,156 

First ward 3,311 

Second ward 2,924 

Third ward 2,522 

Fourth ward 2,510 

Mt. Arlington borough 275 

Mt. Olive township 1,221 1,848 

Montville township 1,908 1,333 

Netcong borough 941 

Passaic township 2,141 1,821 

Pequanac township 3,250 2,862 

Port Oram borough 2,069 775 

Randolph township 2,246 7,197 

Rocka way borough. 1,483 

Rockaway township 4,528 6,033 

Roxbury township 2,185 2,739 

Washington township 2,220 2,367 

65,156 54,101 

OCEAN COUNTY 

Bay Head borough 247 

Beach Haven borough 239 

Berkeley township 694 786 

Brick township 2,130 4,065 

Dover township 2,618 2,609 



160 STATE CENSUS. 

1900. 1890. 

Eagleswood township 5G3 791 

Harvey Cedars borough 39 

Island Heights borough 316 271 

Jackson township 1,595 1,717 

Lacey township 718 711 

Lake wood township 3,094 

Lavalette city 21 

Little Egg Harbor township 1,856 

Long Beach township 152 • 

Manchester township 1,033 1,057 

Ocean township 436 482 

Plumsted township 1,204 1,327 

Point Pleasant Beach borough 746 

Seaside Park borough 73 

Stafford township 1,009 1,095 

Surf City borough 9 

Union township 955 1,063 

19,747 15,974 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

Acquackanonk township 5,351 2,562 

Hawthorn borough 2,096 

Little Falls township 2,908 1,890 

Manchester township 3,989 2,576 

Passaic city 27,777 13,028 

First ward 12,663 

Second ward 4,338 

Third ward 3,444 

Fourth ward 7,332 

Paterson city 105,171 78,347 

First ward 10,950 

Second ward 15,009 

Third ward 23,780 

Fourth ward ]4,178 

Fifth ward 12,898 

Sixth ward 3,910 

(Seventh ward 6,693 

Eighth ward 17,753 

Pompton township 2,404 2,153 

Pompton Lakes borough 847 

Totowa borough 562 

Wayne township 1,985 2,004 

West Milford township 2,112 2,486 

155,202 105,046 

SALEM COUNTY. 

Alloway township 1,528 1,675 

Elmer borough 1,140 842 

Elsinboro township 445 524 

Lower Alloways Creek township 1,242 1,308 

Lower Penns Neck township 1,424 1,289 

Mannington township 1,745 1,870 

Oldmans township 1,382 1,432 

Pennsgrove borough 1,826 

Pilesgrove township 1,744 1,796 

Pittsgrove township 2,092 1,914 

Quinton township 1,280 1,307 



S.TATE CENSUS. 161 

1900. 1890. 

Salem city 5.811 5,516 

East ward 8,227 

West ward 2,584 

Upper Penns Neck township 775 2,239 

Upper Pit;sgrove township 1,725 1,923 

Woodstown borough 1,371 1,516 

25,530 25,151 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

Bedminster township 1,925 1,749 

Bernards township 3,066 2,558 

Bound Brook borough 2,622 1,462 

Branchburg township 1,012 1,152 

Bridgewater township 1,601 1,444 

East Millstone town 447 475 

Franklin township ' 2,398 2.478 

Hillsboro township 2,439 2,825 

Millstone borough 200 

Montgomery township 1,243 1,655 

North Plainfield borough 5,009 

North Plainfield township 654 4,250 

Pari an town 3,244 2,556 

Rocky Hill borough 354 

Somerville town 4,843 3,861 

South Bound Brook town 883 801 

Warren township 1,008 1,045 

32,948 28,311 

SUSSEX county; 

Andover township 987 1,126 

Branchville borough 526 

Brooklyn borough 75 

Byram township 1,235 1,380 

Deckertown borough 1,306 993 

Frankf ord township 932 1,459 

Green township 627 636 

Hampton township 775 866 

Hardys on township 3,425 2,542 

Lafayette township 717 742 

Montague township 710 797 

Newton town 4,376 3,003 

Sandyston township 939 1,084 

Sparta townshio 2,070 1,724 

Stillwater township 1,108 1,296 

Vernon township 1,738 1,756 

Walpack township 371 436 

Y\^antage township 2,217 2,419 

24,134 22,259 

UNION COUNTY. 

Clark township 374 367 

Cranford township 2.854 1,717 

Elizabeth city 52.130 37,764 

First ward 5,299 

Second ward 4,015 

11 



162 STATE CENSUS. 



1900. 18d0. 



Third ward C.3T8 

Fourth ward 3,931 

Fifth ward 4,7(jl 

Six h ward 3,611 

Seventh ward 4,548 

Eighth ward 6,178 

Ninth ward 4,154 

Tenth ward 2.699 

Eleventh ward 3.334 

Twelfth ward 3,222 

Fan wood borough 399 

Fanwood township 1,200 1,.305 

Ulnden borough 402 936 

Linden township 619 125 

Mountainside borough 367 

New Providence borough 565 

New Providence township 409 839 

Plainfield city 15,369 11,267 

First ward 3,209 

Second ward 3.614 

Third ward = 3,030 

Fourth ward 5,516 

Rahway city 7,935 7.105 

First ward 1,739 

Second ward 1,712 

Third ward 1 .953 

Fourth ward 1.500 

Fifth ward 1,031 

Roselle borough 

Springfield township 

Summit ci'y 

Union township 

Westfield township 

99,353 72,467 



1,652 


996 


1,073 


959 


5,302 


3,502 


4,315 


2,846 


4,328 


2,739 



WARREN COUNTY. 

Allamuchy township 588 759 

Belvidere town 1,784 1,768 

Blairstown township 1,576 1,662 

B'ranklin township 1,2S0 1,283 

Frelinghuj^sen township 797 879 

Greenwich township 909 825 

Hackettstown lown 2,474 2,417 

Hardwick township 400 503 

Harmonv township 1,080 1,152 

Hope township 1,144 1,332 

Independence township 805 904 

Knowl on township 1,210 1,411 

Lopatcong township 1,962 1,738 

Mansfield township : 1,324 1,362 

Oxford township 3,095 4,002 

Pahaquarry township 257 291 

Phillipsburg town 10,052 8,644 

First ward 2,222 

Second ward 2,269 

Third ward 1,767 

Fourth ward 1,911 

Fifth ward 1,883 

Pohatcong township 2,215 1,483 



STATE CENSUS. 163 

1900. 1890. 

Washington borough 3,580 2,834 

Washington township 1,249 1,304 



37,781 36,553 

Population by Counties. 

1900. 1890. Inc. 

Atlantic 46,402 28,836 17,566 

Bergen 78,441 47,226 31,215 

Burlington 58,241 58,528 *287 

Camden 107,643 87,687 19,956 

Cape li-tay 13,201 11,268 1,933 

Cumberland 51,193 45,438 5,755 

Essex 359,053 256,098 102,955 

Gloucester 31,905 28,649 3,256 

Hudson 386,048 275,126 110,922 

Hunterdon 34,507 35,355 *848 

Mercer 95,365 79,978 15,387 

Middlesex 79,762 61,754 18,008 

Monmouth 82,057 69,128 12,929 

Morris 65,156 54,101 11,055 

Ocean 19,747 15.974 3,77? 

Passaic 155.202 105,046 50,156 

Salem 25,530 25,151 379 

Somerset 32,948 28,311 4,637 

Sussex 24,134 22,259 1,875 

Union 99,353 72,467 26,886 

Warren 37,781 36,553 1,228 



1,883,669 1,444,933 438.736 

♦Decrease. 



Population of the Incorporated Cities, To^vns, Villages and 
Boroughs of New Jersey (190 Altogether). 

1900. 1890. 

Absecon town 530 501 

Allendale borough 694 

Allenhur&t borough 165 

Allentown borough 695 

Anglesea borough 161 161 

Asbury Park city 4,148 

Atlantic City 27,838 13,055 

Atlantic Highlands borough 1,383 945 

Avalon borough 93 

Bay Head borough 247 

Bayonne city 32,722 19,033 

Beach Haven borough 239 

Belmar borough 902 

Belvidere town 1,784 1,768 

Bergenfields borough 729 

Beverly city 1,950 1.957 

Bloomfield town 9,668 7,708 

Bogota borough 337 

Boonton town 3.901 2,981 

Bordentown city 4,110 4.232 

Bound Brook borough 2.622 1,462 

Bradley Beach borough 982 . . . . , 

Branchville borough 526 

Bridgeton city 13,913 11,424 

Brigantine city 99 

Brooklyn borough 75 



164 STATE CENSUS. 

1900. 1890. 

Burlington city 7,392 7,264 

Caldwell borough 1,367 

Camden city 75,935 58,313 

Cape May city 2,257 2,136 

Cape May Point borough 153 167 

Carlstadt borough 2,574 1,549 

Chatham borough 1,361 780 

Chesilhurst borough 283 

Clayton borough 1,951 1,807 

Cliffside Park borough 968 

Clinton borough 816 913 

CoUingswood borough 1,633 539 

Cresskill borough 486 527 

Deal borough 70 

Deckerto wn borough 1,306 993 

Delf ord borough 746 

Dover town 5,938 

Dumont borough 643 

Dunellen borough 1,239 1,060 

East Millstone town 447 475 

East Newark borough 2,500 

East Orange citv 21.506 13,282 

East Rutherford borough 2,640 1,438 

Egg Harbor city 1,808 1.439 

Elizabeth ci y 52,130 37,764 

Elmer borough 1,140 842 

Englewcod city 6,253 

Englewood Cliffs borough 218 

Englishtown borough 410 444 

Fairview borough 1,003 

Fan wood borough 399 

Fieldsboro borough 459 

Florham Park borough 752 

Freehold town 2.934 2,932 

Frenchtown borough 1.020 1,023 

Garfield borough 3,504 1,028 

Glenn Rock borough 613 

Glen Ridge borough 1,960 

Gloucester city 6,840 6,564 

Guttenberg i own 3.825 1,947 

Hackensaok town 9,443 6,004 

Hackettsto wn town 2.474 2,417 

Haddonfield borough 2.776 2,502 

Hammonton town 3.481 3.833 

Harrison town 10,596 8,338 

Harvey Cedars borough 39 

Hasbrouck Heights borough 1.255 

Haw home borough 2.096 

Helmetta borough 447 

High Bridge borough 1,377 

Highlands borough 1,228 

Hightstown borough 1.749 1,875 

Hoboken city 59.364 43,648 

Holly Beach borough 569 217 

Hopewell borough 980 ' ... 

Jrvington town 5,255 

Island Heigh s borough 316 271 

Jamesburg borough 1,063 887 

Jersey City 206,4''3 163,003 

Junction borough P98 518 

Kearney town 10,896 



STATE CENSUS. 16S 

1900. 1890. 

Keyport town 3,413 3,411 

Lambertville city 4,637 4,142 

Lavalette city 21 

Leonia borough 804 

Linden borough 402 936 

liin wood borough 495 536 

Litile Ferry borough.. 1,240 781 

Lodi borough 1,917 998 

Long Branch town 8,872 7,231 

Longport borough 80 

Madison borough 3,754 2,469 

Manasquan borough .' 1,.500 1,506 

Matawan borough 1,511 1,491 

May wood borough 536 

Merchantville borough 1,608 1,225 

Metuchen borough 1,786 770 

Midland Park borough 1,348 

Millstone borough 200 

Milltown borough 561 

Millville ci y 10..583 10,002 

Montclair town 13,962 8,656 

Montvale borough 416 

Morristown town 11,287 8,156 

Mountainside borough 367 

Mt. Arlington borough 275 

Neptune City borough 1,009 

Netcong borough 941 

Newark city 246.070 181,830 

New Brunswick city 20,006 18,603 

New Providence borough 565 

Newton town 4,376 3,003 

North Arlington borough 290 

North Caldwell borough 297 

North Plainfield borough 5,009 

Nor h Spring Lake borough 361 277 

Ocean City 1,307 452 

Old Tappan borough 269 

Ofange city 24.141 18,844 

Palisades Park borough 644 

Park Ridge borough 870 

Passaic city 27,777 13.028 

Paterson city 105,171 78,347 

Pemberton borough ; 771 834 

Pennington borough 733 588 

Pennsgrove borough 1,826 

Perth Amboy city 17,699 9,512 

Phillipsburg town 10,052 8,644 

Plainfield city 15,369 11,267 

Pieasantville borough 2,182 

Point Pleasant Beach borough 746 

Pompton Lakes borough 847 

Port Oram borough 2,069 775 

Princeton borough 3,899 3,422 

Ptahway city 7,935 7,105 

Pari an town 3,244 2,556 

Red Bank town 5,428 4,145 

Ridgefield borough 584 

Ridgewood village 2,685 1,047 

Riverside borough 561 

Riverton borough 1,^"2 1,075 

Rockaway borough 1.483 



166 STATE CENSUS. 

1900. 1890. 

Rocky Hill borough 354 

Roselle borough 1.652 996 

Rutherford borough 4,411 2,293 

Saddle River borough 415 

Salem city 5,811 5,516 

Seabright borough 1,198 

Sea Isle City borough 340 766 

Seaside Park borough 7.3 

Secaucus borough 1,626 

Somers Point borough 308 191 

Somerville town 4,843 3.861 

South Amboy borough 6,349 4,330 

Sou h Atlantic City borough 69 

South Bound Brook town 883 801 

South Cape Mav borough 14 

South Orange village 4.608 3.106 

South River borough 2,792 1,796 

Spring Lake, borough 526 

Stock on borough 590 

Summit city 5,302 3,502 

Surf Citv borough 9 

Tenafiy borough 1,746 1,046 

Totowa borough 562 

Trenton citv 73,.307 57,458 

Undercliff borough 1.006 

Union town 15,187 10,643 

Upper Saddle River borough 326 

Vailsburg borough 2,779 786 

Vineland borough 4,370 3,822 

T\''allington borough 1,812 

Washington borough 3,580 2.8-34 

Wenonah borough 498 383 

West Cape May borough 696 757 

T\"est Hoboken town 23,094 11,665 

West New York town 5,267 

West Orange town 6,889 4,358 

Westwcod borough 828 

Wild wood borough 150 

Woodbury city 4,087 ' 3,911 

Wondcliff borough 329 

Woodridge borough 582 575 

Woodstown borough 1,371 1,516 



Population of New Jersey, 1790 to 1900. 

,. Increase. 

Census Years. Population. 

1900 1,883.669 

1890 1 .444 ,933 

1880 1,131.116 

1870 906,096 

1860 672.035 

1850 489,555 

18^0 373..306 

18.30 320,823 

1820 277.426 

1810 2!5,.562 

1800 211,149 

1790 184,139 





Per 


Number. 


cent. 


438,7.36 


30.4 


313,817 


27.7 


225.020 


21.8 


234,061 


•34.8 


182,480 


37.3 


116.249 


31.1 


52.483 


16.4 


43,397 


15.6 


31,864 


13.0 


34.413 


16.3 


27,010 


14.7 



U.- S. CENSUS. 1G7 

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES. 

CENSUS OF 1900. 



States and Territories. 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia.. 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Indian Territory 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Missippi 

Missouri 

Montana ? 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

"West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 









Per 


1900. 


1890. 


Increase. 


cent. 


1,S28,697 


1,513,017 . 


315,680 


20.9 


63 592 








122,931 


59,620 


39,930 


67.0 


1,311,564 


1,128.179 


183,385 


16.3 


1,485,053 , 


1,208,130 


274,049 


22.7 


539,700 


412,198 


126.357 


307 


908,420 


746,258 


162,162 


21.7 


184,735 


168,493 


16,242 


9.6 


278,718 


230,392 


48,326 


21.0 


528,542 


391,422 


137,120 


35.0 


2,216,331 


1,837,353 


378,978 


20.6 


154 001 








161,772 


84,385 


74,762 


88.0 


4.821,550 


3,826,351 


995,199 


. 26.0 


2,516,462 


2,192,404 


324,058 


14.8 


392,060 








2,2.31,853 


1,911,896 


319,572 


16.7 


1,470,495 


1,427,096 


41,373 


2.9 


2,147,174 


1,858,635 


288,539 


15.5 


1,381,625 


1,118,587 


263,038 


23.5 


694,466 


661,086 


33,380 


5.0 


1,188,044 


1,042.390 


145,654 


14.0 


2,805.346 


2,238,943 


566,403 


25.3 


2,420,982 


2,093,889 


327,093 


15.6 


1,751,394 


1,301,826 


4io,iro 


33.8 


1,551,270 


1,289,600 


261,670 


20.3 


3,106,665 


2,679,184 


427,481 


16.0 


243,329 


132,159 


99,400 


75.2 


1,066,300 


1,058,910 


7,390 


0.7 


42,335 


45,761 


*5,099 


11.1 


411,588 


376,530 


35,058 


9.3 


1,883,669 


1,444,933 


438,736 


30.4 


195,310 


153,593 


29,727 


19.4 


7,268,894 


5,997,853 


1,265,257 


2.11 


1,893,810 


1,617,947 


275,863 


17.1 


319,146 


182,719 


129,520 


70.9 


4,157,545 


3,672,316 


485,229 


13.2 


398, .331 


61,834 


320,407 


518.2 


413,536 


313,767 


95,518 


30.4 


6,302,115 


5,258,014 


1,044,020 


19.9 


428,556 


345,506 


83,050 


24.0 


1,340,. 316 


1,151,149 


189,167 


16.4 


401,570 


328,808 


55,079 


16.8 


2,020,616 


1,767,518 


253,098 


14.3 


3.048,710 


2,235,523 


813,187 


36.4 


276,749 


207,905 


67,047 


32.2 


343,641 


3.32,422 


11,219 


3.4 


1,854,184 


1,655,980 


198,204 


12.0 


518.103 


349,390 


162.194 


46.4 


958,800 


762,794 


196,006 


25.7 


2,069,042 


1,686,880 


376.C36 


22.3 


92,531 


60,705 


29,865 


49.2 


76,303,387 


62,622,250 


12,937,008 


20.7 



♦Decrease. 



168 tr. S. CENSUS. 

Cities Having S5,0()0 Inhabitants and More. 

Inc. 

1900. 1890. P.C. 

New York, N. Y 3.4.37,202 2,492,591 37.8 

Chicago, 111 1,G98,.5T5 1,099,850 54.4 

Philadelphia, Pa 1,293,G97 1,046,964 23.5 

St. Louis, Mo 575,2.38 451,770 27.3 

Boston, Mass 5G0,892 448,477 25.0 

Baltimore, Md 508,957 434,439 17.1 

Cleveland, Ohio 381,768 2G1,3.53 46.0 

Buffalo, N. Y 352.387 255,664 37.8 

San Francisco, Cal • 342,782 298.997 14.6 

Cincinnati, Ohio 325'.902 296,908 9.7 

Pittsburg, Pa .321,616 238,617 34.7 

New Orleans, La 287,104 242,039 18.6 

Detroit. Mich 285,704 205,876 38.7 

Milwaukee, Wis 285.315 204,468 39.5 

Washington, D. C 278,718 230,392 20.9 

Newark, N. J 246,070 181,830 35.3 

Jersey Ci y, N. J 206,433 163,003 26.6 

Louisville. Ky 204.731 161,129 27.0 

Minneapolis, Minn 202,718 164,738 23.0 

Providence, R. 1 175.597 1.32,146 32.8 

Indianapolis, Ind 169,164 105,436 60.4 

Kansas City, Mo 163.752 132,716 23.3 

St. Paul, Minn 163,005 133,156 22.4 

Rochester, N. Y 162.608 133,896 21.4 

Denver, Col 1.3.3,859 106,713 25.4 

Toledo. Ohio 1.31,822 81,4.34 61.8 

Allegheny, Pa 129,896 105,287 23.3 

Columbus, Ohio 125.560 88,150 42.4 

Worcester, Mass 118,421 84,655 39.8 

Syracuse, N. Y 108..374 88,143 22.9 

New Haven, Conn 108,02:7 81,298 32.8 

Paterson, N. J 105,171 78,347 34.2 

Fall River, Mass 104.863 74,398 40.9 

St. Joseph, Mo 102.979 52,324 96.8 

Omaha. Neb 102,555 140,452 *26.9 

Los Angeles, Cal .'., 102.479 50,395 103.3 

Memphis, Tenn 102,-320 P4,495 58.6 

Scranton, ^a 102,026 75,215 35.6 

Lowell, Mass 94,969 77,696 22.2 

Albanv. N. Y 94,151 94,923 *0.8 

Cambridge. Mass 91,886 70,028 31.2 

Portland, Ore 90,426 46,385 94.9 

Atlanta. Ga 89,872 65.5.33 37.1 

Grand Rapids, Midi 87,565 60,278 45.2 

Dayton. Ohio 8-5,333 61.220 39.3 

Richmond, Va 85,050 81,388 4.4 

Nashville. Tenn 80,865 76,168 6.1 

Seattle, Wash 80,671 42,837 88.3 

Hartford, Conn 79,850 53,2.30 50.0 

Reading. Pa 78,961 58.661 34.6 

Wilmington, Del 76,508 61,431 24.5 

Camden, N. J 75.935 58,313 30.2 

Trenton, N. J 73,-307 57.458 27.5 

Bridgeport. Conn 70,996 48,866 45.2 

Lynn, Mass 68.513 55.727 22.9 

Oakland. Cal 66,960 48.682 37.5 

Lawrence, Mass 62.5-^9 44,654 40.0 

New Bedford, Mass 62,442 40,733 53.2 

♦Decrease. 



tr. S. CENSUS. 



169 



t)es Moines, Iowa 

Springfield, Mass 

Somerville, Mass 

Troy, N Y 

Hoboken, N. J 

Evansville, Ind 

Manchester, N. H 

Uiica, N. Y 

Peoria, 111 

Charles on, S. C 

Savannah, Ga 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Antonio, Tex 

Duluth. Minn 

Erie, Pa 

Elizabeth, N. J 

Wilkesbarre, Pa 

Kansas City, Kan 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Portland, Me 

Yonkers, N. Y 

Norfolk, Va 

Waterbury, Conn 

Holyoke, Mass 

Fort Wayne, Ind 

Youngstown, Ohio 

Houston, Tex 

Covington, Ky 

Akron, Ohio 

Dallas, Tex 

Saginaw, Mich 

I<ancaster, Pa 

Lincoln, Neb 

Brockton, Mass 

Binghamton, N. Y 

Augusta, Ga 

Pawtucke^ R. I 

Al oona, Pa 

Wheeling. W. Va 

Mobile, Ala 

Birmingham, Ala 

Little Rock, Ark 

Springfield, Ohio 

Galveston, Tex 

Tacoma. Wash 

Haverhill, Mass 

Spokane. Wash 

Terre Haute, Ind 

Dubuque, Iowa 

Quincy, 111 

South Bend, Ind 

Salem, Mass , 

Johnstown, Pa 

Elmira, N. Y 

Allentown, Pa 

Davenport, Iowa 

IMcKeesport, Pa 

Springfield, 111 

<^hplsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa , 







Inc. 


1900. 


1890. 


P.C. 


62,139 


50,093 


24.0 


62,059 


44,179 


40.4 


61,G43 


40,152 


53.5 


60,651 


60,956 


*0.5 


59,364 


43,648 


36.0 


59,007 


50,756 


16.2 


56,987 


44,126 


29.1 


56,383 


44,007 


28.1 


56,100 


41,024 


36.7 


55.807 


54,955 


1.5 


54,244 


43,189 


25.5 


53,531 


44,843 


19.3 


53.321 


37,673 


41.5 


52,969 


33,115 


59.9 


52,733 


40,634 


29.7 


52,1.30 


37,764 


38.0 


51,721 


37,718 


37.1 


51,418 


38,316 


34.1 


50,167 


39,385 


27.3 


50,145 


36,425 


37.6 


47,931 


32,033 


49.6 


46,624 


34,871 


33.7 


45,859 


28,646 


60.0 


45,712 


35,637 


28.2 


45,115 


35,393 


27.4 


44,885 


33,220 


35.1 


44,6.33 


27,557 


61.9 


42,938 


37,371 


14.8 


42,728 


27,601 


54.8 


42.638 


38,067 


12.0 


42,345 


46,322 


*8.5 


41,459 


32,011 


29.5 


40,169 


55,154 


*27.1 


40,063 


27,294 


46.7 


39,647 


35.005 


13.2 


39,441 


33.300 


18.4 


39,231 


27,633 


41.9 


38,973 


30,337 


28.4 


38,878 


34,522 


12.6 


38,469 


31,076 


23.7 


38,415 


26,178 


46.7 


38,307 


25,874 


48.0 


38,253 


31,895 


19.9 


37,789 


29,084 


29.9 


37,714 


36.006 


4.7 


37,175 


27,412 


35.6 


36,848 


19,922 


84.9 


36,673 


30,217 


21.3 


36,297 


30,311 


19.7 


36,252 


31,494 


15.1 


35,999 


21,819 


64.9 


35,956 


30,801 


16.7 


35,936 


21,805 


64.8 


35,672 


30,893 


15.4 


35,416 


25,228 


40.3 


35,254 


26,872 


31.1 


34,227 


20,741 


65.0 


34,159 


24,963 


36.8 


34,072 


27,909 


22.0 


33,988 


20,226 


68.0 



'■'Decrease. 



170 U. S. CENSUS. 

Inc. 

1900. 1S90. P.C. 

York. Pa 33,708 20,7'J3 G2.i 

Maiden. Mass 33.C64 23,031 46.1 

Topeka, Kan 33,G08 31.UU7 8.a 

Newton, Mass 33,587 24,379 37.7 

Sioux City, Iowa 33,111 37,806 *12.4 

Bayonne, N. J 32,722 19,033 71.9 

Knoxville, Tenn 32,637 22,535 44.8 

Chattanooga, Tenr. 32,490 29,100 11.6 

Schenectady, N. Y 31,682 19,902 59.1 

Fitchburg. Mass 31,531 22,037 43.0 

Superior, Wis 31,091 11.983 159.4 

Rockford, 111 31,051 23.584 31.6 

Taunton, Mass 31,036 25,448 21.9 

Canton, Ohio 30,667 26,189 17.0 

But e. Mont 30,470 10,723 184.1 

Montgomery, Ala 30,346 21,883 38.6 

Auburn, N. Y 30,345 25,858 17.3 

East St. Louis, 111 29,655 15,169 95.4 

Joliet, 111 29,353 23,264 26.1 

Sacramento, Cal 29,282 26,386 10.9 

Racine, Wis 29,102 21.014 88.4 

La Crosse, Wis 28,895 25,090 15.1 

Williamsport, Pa 28,757 27,132 5.9 

Jacksonville, Fia 28,429 17,201 65.2 

Newcastle, Pa 28,339 11,600 144.3 

Newport, Ky 28,301 24,918 13.5 

Oshkosh, Wis 28,284 22,836 23.8 

Woonsccket, K. 1 28,204 20,8.30 35.4 

Pueblo Col 28,157 24,558 14.6 

Atlantic City, N. J 27,838 13,055 113.2 

Passaic, N. J 27,777 13,028 113.2 

Bay City, Mich 27,628 27,839 *0.7 

Fort Worth, Tex 26,688 23,076 15.6 

Lexington, Ky 26,369 21,567 22.2 

Gloucester, Mass 26,121 24,651 5.9 

South Omaha, Neb 26,001 8,062 222.5 

New Bri ain. Conn 25,998 16,519 57.3 

Council Bluffs, Iowa 25,802 16.519 57.3 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 25,656 18,020 42.3 

Easton. Pa 25,238 14,481 74.2 

Jackson, Mich 25,180 20,798 21.0 

*Decrease. 



CONGRESSIONAL APPORTIONMENT. 



171 



NEW CONGRESS APPORTIONMENT LAW 
AND NEW ELECTORAL COLLEGE. 

(To take effect March 4, 1903.) 



According to this law the number of Representatives to 

which each State is entitled is as follows: 

' New 
Previous Electoral 

Rep. Inc. College. 

Alabama 9 9 — 11 

Arkansas 7 6 1 9 

California 8 7 1 10 

Colorado 3 2 1 5 

ConneCiicut 5 4 17 

Delaware 11 — 'S 

Florida 3 2 1 5 

Georgia 11 11 — 13 

Idaho 1 1 — 3 

Illinois 25 22 3 27 

Indiana 13 13 — 15 

Iowa 11 11 — 13 

Kansas S 8 — 10 

Kentucky 11 11 — 13 

Louisiana 7 6 1 9 

Maine ' 4 4 — 6 

Maryland 6 6 — 8 

Massachusetts 14 13 1 16 

Michigan 12 12 — ]4 

Minnesota 9 7 2 11 

Mississippi 8 7 1 10 

Missouri 16 15 1 18 

Montana 1 1 — 3 

Nebraska 6 6 — 8 

Nevada 1 1 — 3 

New Hampshire 2 2—4 

New Jersey 10 8 2 12 

New York 37 34 3 39 

North Carolina 10 9 1 12 

North Dakota 2 114 

Ohio 21 21 — 23 

Oregon 2 2 — 4 

Pennsylvania 32 30 2 34 

Rhode Island 2 2—4 

South Carolina 7 7 — 9 

South Dakota 2 2—4 

Tennessee 10 10 — 12 

Texas 16 13 3 IS 

Utah , 1 1 — 3 

Vermont 2 2 — 4 

Virginia 10 10 — 12 

Washington 3 2 1 5 

West Virginia 5 4 17 

Wisconsin 11 10 1 13 

Wyoming 1 i _ 3 

Total 386 357 29 476 

The previous Electoral College contained 447 votes. 



172 STATE COMMITTEES. 

STATE COMMITTEES. 



REPUBLICAN. 



Headquarters, Newark. 

Franklin Murphy, Newark, Chairman; Edward C. Stokes, 
Millville, Vice-chairman; William Riker, Jr., Orange, 
Treasurer; John S. Gibson, Newark. Secretary. 

At Larse— Franklin Murphy, Newark; William Bettla, 
Camden; Charles X. Fowler, Elizabeth: Thomas N. Mc- 
Carter, Newark. 

Atlantic— John J. Gardner, Egg Harbor. 

Bergen— C. E. Breckenridge, Maywood. 

Burlington— R. C. Hutchinson, Bordentown. 

Camden — David Baird, Camden. 

Cape May— Robert E. Hand, Erma. 

Cumberland— Edward C. Stokes, Millville. 

Essex— Henry M. Doremus, Newark; Henry A. Potter, 
East Orange. 

Gloucester— H. C. Loudenslager, Woodbury. 

Hudson— Samuel D. Dickinson, Jersey City; Edward Fry, 
Jersey City. 
Hunterdon— Richard B. Reading, l.ambertville. 

Mercer — William H. Skirm, Trenton. 

IMiddlesex- Henry H. Banker, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth— C. Asa Francis, Long Branch. 

Morris — D. S. Voorhees, Morristown. 

Ocean— A. M. Bradshaw, Lakewood. 

Passaic— Robert Williams, Paterson. 

Salem— John C. W^ard, Centreton. 

Somerset — E. J. Anderson, Somerville. 
Sussex— H. D. Van Gasbeek, Sussex. 

Unicn— John Kean, Elizabeth. 

Warren— A. Blair Kelsey, Belvidere. 

Camden— Charles N. Robinson, Camden. 

Auxiliary Members— R. Henri Herbert, Trenton; A. B, 
Cosey, Newark. 

Finance Committee — Winton C. Garrison, Newark: 
Charles N. Fowler, Elizabeth; Henry A. Potter, East 
Orange; W. S. Hancock, Trenton; William Barbour, Pat- 
erson. 

Executive Committee— Thomas N. McCarter, Newark; 
Edward C. Stokes. Millville; John Kean, Elizabeth; E. J. 
Anderson, Somerville; William Bettle, Camden; Samuel 



STATE COMMITTEES. 173 

D. Dickinson, Jersey City; C. E. Breckenridge, Maywood; 
David Baird, Camden: Richard B. Reading, Lambertville; 
Robert Williams, Paterson. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

Headquarters, Jersey City. 

William B. Gourley, Paterson, Chairman; William K. 
Devereux, Asbury Park, Secretary; William C. Heppen- 
heimer, Jersey City, Treasurer. 

At Large — William B. Gourley, laterson; James Smith, 
Jr., Newark; E. Livingston Price, Newark; William C. 
Heppenheimer, Hoboken; Howard Carrow, Camden, 

Atlantic— Robert L. Warke, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Luther A. Campbell, Hackensack. 

Burlington— Eckard P. Budd., Mount Holly. 

Camden— John A. Smith, Camden. 

Cape May— Lemuel E. Miller, Cape May. 

Cumberland— Samuel Iredell, Bridgeton. 

Essex— James R. Nugent, Newark. 

Gloucester— Bowman S. Cox, Paulsboro. 

Hudson— Edward F. C. Young, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon— James N. Pidcock, White House Station. 

Mercer— Michael Hurley, Trenton. 

Middlesex— Oliver Kelly, Metuchen. 

Monmouth— David S. Crater, Freehold. 

Morris— Willard W. Cutler, Morristown 

Ocean — William J. Harrison, Lakewood. 

Passaic— Louis F. Braun, Paterson. 

Salem— Robert Gwynne, Salem. 

Somerset— William J. Keys, Somerville. 

Sussex— Lewis S. Iliff, Newton. 

Union— Peter Egenolf, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Johnston Cornish, Washington. 

Executive Committee— E. F. C. Young, Chairman; John- 
ston Cornish, E. Ijivingston Price, David S. Crater, Will- 
iam C. Heppenheimer. 

STATE REPUBLICAN LEAGUE OF NEW JEPcSEY. 

F. F. Meyer, Jr., President, Newark; E. C. Hill, Treas- 
urer, Trenton; George P. Coles, Recording Secretary, New- 
ark; C. J. Ahlstedt, Corresponding Secretary, Newark. 

Vice-Presidents— H. W. Johnson, Merchantville; W. E 
Edge, Atlantic City; Benjamin F. Howell, New Brunswick; 
J. B. R. Smith, Washington; William McKenzie, East 
Rutherford; James M. Baxter, Newark; Robert Carey, 
Jersey City; G. E. Ludlow, Cranford. 



174 STATE COMMITTEES. 

Executive Committee— Atlantic, George G. Clinton, At- 
lantic City; Bergen, Ernst Neithardt, Rochelle Park; Bur- 
lington, A. J. Briggs, Riverton; Camden, E. E. Jefferies, 
Camden; Cape May, Lewis T. Stevens, Cape May City: 
Cumberland, Dr. N. S. Greenwood, Carmel; Essex, William 
F. Boucher, East Orange; Gloucester, David O. Watkins, 
Woodbury; Hudson, John T. Bechtold, Bayonne; Hunter- 
don, Walter F. Hayhurst, Lambertville; Mercer, C. K. 
Barnhart, Trenton; Middlesex, J. Bromley Adams, Me- 
tuchen; Monmouth, L. E. Watson, Asbury Park; Morris, 
Samuel G. Harris, Boonton; Ocean, Joseph M. Thompson, 
New Egypt; Passaic, Charles B. Lovell, Paterson; Somer- 
set, C. J. Grummersbach, Bound Brook; Salem, Joseph B. 
Crispen, Mannington; Sussex, Dr. E. C. Tuttle, Decker- 
town; Union, Edmund B. Horton, Cranford; Warren, John 
I. Blair Reiley, Phillipsburg. 

New Jersey Vice President National Republican League, 
Frank J. Higgins; New Jersey member Executive Com- 
mittee National Republican League, F. F. Meyer, Jr. 

THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY OF NEW JERSEY. 

George H. Lambert, President, Newark; James F. Min- 
turn. Treasurer, Hoboken; George W. Kane, Secretary, 
Paterson. 

NEW JERSEY LOCAL OPTION COMMITTEE. 

Executive Committee — Frederic L. Colver, Chairman, 
Tenafly; J. N. Voorhis, Treasurer, Cherry Hill; F. H. Gum- 
ming, Secretary, Tenafly; Rev. H. W. Hathaway, Eliza- 
beth; A. M. Hulbert, Cresskill; Donald MacColl, Newark; 
Robert Alberts, Jersey City; George H. Lincks, Jersey 
City; Hobert E. Speer, Englewood; Rev. A. W. Spooner, 
D.D., Camden; Rev. Father William McNulty, Paterson; 
Joel Borton, Woodstown; Rev. Cornelius Brett, D.D., Jer- 
sey City; Rev. E. Morris Ferguson, Trenton; Arthur N. 
Pierson, Westfield; Rev. J. T. Kerr, Elizabeth; Rev. C. E. 
Wyckoff, Irvington; David D. Ackerman, Closter.; James 
Leach, Park Ridge; Rev. A. G. Lawson, Camden; John 
William Gaynor, Salem. 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 175 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 



REPUBLICAN. 



(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton, Thurs- 
day, September 26, 1901.) 

The representatives of the Republican party of New Jer- 
se3^ assembled in convention, September 26th, 1901, deplore 
the untimely death of President McKinley. His achieve- 
ments and his character, which will link his name in his- 
tory with that of the martyr, Lincoln, will ever be held in 
grateful remembrance by the American people. 

We earnestly approve and commend to the consideration 
and judgment of the people of this State the following wise 
and far-seeing declarations made by him in his last and 
most impressive public utterances: 

"We have a vast and intricate business, built up through 
years of toil and struggle, in which every part of the 
country has its stake, which will not permit of neglect or 
of undue selfishness. No narrow, sordid policy will sub- 
serve it." 

"Our capacity to produce has developed so enormously 
and cur products have so multiplied that the problem of 
our niarkets requires our urgent immediate attention. 
Only a broad and enlightened policy can keep what we 
have. No other policy will get more" 

"A system which provides a mutual exchange of com- 
modities is necessarily essential to the continued and 
healthful growth of our export trade." 

"We must encourage our merchant marine; we must 
have more ships; they must be under the American flag, 
built and manned and owned by Americans." 

"We must build the Isthmian Canal." 

"Let us ever remember that our interest is in concord, 
not in conflict; and that our real em.inence rests in the vic- 
tories of peace, not those of war." 

The blow which ended the life of our beloved President 
was cruel, inhuman and lawless. It was aimed, not at the 
gentle and lovable McKinley, but at the republic and the 
majesty of law which guarantees liberty of person and 
safety of property. Any doctrine which justifies or en- 
courages assassination is utterly hostile to civilization and 
the welfare of mankind and must be no longer tolerated in 



176 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

tliis country, and we demand and insist that laws, State 
and National, be enacted for the effective suppression of 
such teachings. 

The pledge of President Roosevelt, that he will continue 
absolutely unbroken the policy of President McKinley, has 
our unqualified approval, and entitles him to our loyal sup- 
port. The wisdom, patriotism and courage shown by him 
in every public capacity in which he has served command 
the universal confidence of his countrymen. 

The Republican party since its organization has been the 
friend of labor. Its industrial policies have brought Amer- 
ican labor and its compensation to the highest standard 
ever attained in the world. It pledges itself to maintain 
the rights and liberties of the working people and protect 
them from any encroachment thereon. 

We heartily approve and endorse the administration of 
Governor Voorhees. Under his watchful care, reforms 
have been accomplished, the interests of the people have 
been made paramount to partisan ends, the resources of 
the State have been carefully husbanded and the public 
moneys wisely and economically employed. 

Under the policy inaugurated by the Republican party 
in this State, over eight hundred thousand dollars was ap- 
propriated at the last session of the Legislature, toward 
the payment of the State school tax, every dollar of which 
is a contribution toward the reduction of local taxes. More 
than one million, five hundred thousand dollars of the 
State's income is now annually disbursed to our various 
taxing- districts as their dividend from a wise administra- 
ton of State affairs. 

These achievements are in part the fulfillment of pledges 
made. If continued in power, the Republican party pledges 
itself to guard the sources of income of the State and to 
use the surplus thereof for the further reduction of the 
rate of local taxation, the enlargement of our school sys- 
tem, the extension of our good roads, the benefit of our 
agriculture and our industries and the common interest 
and welfare of the whole people. 

The fidelity with which the party has redeemed its 
pledges warrants us in again appealing to the patriotic 
voters of New Jersey for continued confidence and sup- 
port. 

Believing that the principles and declarations herein set 
forth will commend themselves to all patriotic citizens, 
and recalling the fact that great good has come to our 
common country and our State through their united efforts 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 177 

in recent years, we confidently ask for the support of the 
people of the State of New Jersey, to the end that the wise 
policies which have been established by long and arduous 
effort, and which have been so productive of good, may be 
continued. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton, Tues- 
day, October 1, 1901.) 

The representatives of the Democratic party of the 
State of New Jersey, in convention assembled, do hereby 
adopt the following principles as a declaration of our 
aprty faith: 

The issues of the pending campaign are exclusively State 
issues, and we purpose, therefore, to address ourselves to 
the correction of the gross abuses of power by the Republi- 
can party made so manifest during their recent domination 
of public affairs in this State. 

We deeply deplore the blow that fell upon the republic 
in the death of its Chief Magistrate by the hand of an as- 
sassin. In common with all our citizens, we feel a sense 
of shame that there should be any man beneath our flag 
who would raise his hand against the President of the 
United States. We demand the enactment of proper laws 
in order to provide effectively for the future. There is no 
room within our borders for an Anarchist. 

The partisan control of legislation by the Republican 
State Committee has been the most marked in our history. 
Orders have been issued to the Legislature by this irre- 
sponsible body for the enactment of such legislation as 
would best secure its control over the State. Salutary 
measures in the interest of the people have been defeated 
in obedience to their demands. It is not disguised that the 
Republican party of this State is under the domination and 
control of the great corporations and trusts of the country, 
and that without the approval of these gigantic combina- 
tions of wealth no legislation can be passed in the interest 
of the general public and of individual competition. 

The conduct of public affairs by the Republican party 
has been expensive, incompetent and conducted without 
regard to the interest of the State. Every effort has been 
made to fasten upon this State permanent Republican rule. 
It has, for its own selfish purpose, destroyed in the cities 
of the State the opportunity of our fellow-citizens to con- 
duct their local elections untrammelled by State or Na- 
tional issues. Other States, in the interest of real munici- 
pal reform, have been engaged in the work of separating 

12 



178 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

the local and State elections. Here the Republican party 
has taken a step backward and deprived our cities of an 
independent opportunity to correct the errors in their mu- 
nicipal affairs. This law has been created because the 
three largest cities in the State have Democratic Mayors. 

It has also, in order to deprive the cities of the State of 
their rights to divide their respective municipalities into 
wards, enacted a law vestng in the Governor the right to 
say when, in his discretion, such cities should be so divided. 
No greater interference in local affairs, in open defiance of 
the Constitution, has ever been attempted by a political 
party in this State. This act has been declared unconsti- 
tutional by the Supreme Court, but the attempt to pass it 
will not be forgotten or forgiven by the people. 

The Supreme Court itself has been used as a reward for 
party services. It has been lowered in public esteem by the 
act of Governor Voorhees in elevating to its bench a 
formidable opponent of the present Republican candidate 
for Governor, in order to smooth his path to the Republi- 
can State Convention. We charge such conduct to be 
reprehensible and an offense to the State. 

The efficiency of the National Guard has been impaired. 
Regiments have been disbanded without any defined public 
purpose, and when such acts were challenged as wanting 
in legal force, recourse was had again to the Legislature to 
ratify such illegal acts. 

The scandal of the State Reformatory for Girls at Tren- 
ton, and the management of the Asylum for the Insane, 
in the same city, have been a shock to the State. Not- 
withstanding these disclosures, the chief offenders are re- 
tained in their high office unmolested and in high esteem. 

"We demand a rigorous investigation of all the State in- 
stitutions, that the people may know whether their serv- 
ants in these posts of honor and profit are faithful officials 
and worthy of the great trust reposed in them. 

We believe that the fee system should be abolished. 
Public officials should be paid in salaries, thereby saving 
to the people large sums of money annually, which will 
be paid into the public treasury, instead of being retained 
in the pockets of the office-holders of the State. 

We again declare for equal taxation and again demand 
a thorough revision of the tax laws of the State. All prop- 
erty, real and personal, not used for religious, charitable 
or educational purposes, should be assessed at its true 
value, in accordance with the Constitution, which says: 

"Property shall be assessed for taxes under general laws 
and by uniform rules, according to its true value." 



t'AHTY PLATFORMS. 179 

Every attempt on the part of organized labor to secure 
legislation in its interest has been defeated by the Republi- 
can party. It has shown that it is hostile to the wage- 
workers of the State. Every importani act on the statute 
books in the interest of labor was placed there by Demo- 
cratic Legislatures. We believe that the true interest of 
labor and capital lies in a complete comprehension of their 
respective rights and duties and a common desire to _have 
a complete understanding between them. They are friends 
and not foes. Great loss has fallen upon the industrial 
interests of the State by bitter struggles, which have re- 
sulted in strikes and discontent. 

The preservation of the forests of the State is becoming 
a pressing question, affecting vitally the welfare of all our 
citizens, and should receive careful consideration from the 
Legislature. 

The cities and towns of our State, with their rapidly in- 
creasing populations, must depend for their water supplies 
upon the preservation of our forests. ' 

We believe in the rigid enforcement of the child labor 
legislation. The open and avowed failure of Republican 
officials to execute these salutary laws is notorious. These 
laws were enacted by Democratic Legislatures for the 
benefit of the children of the State, and should be efficiently 
enforced. 

A thorough and efficient system of free public schools 
should be in obedience to the mandate of the Constitution 
provided for all the children of the State of school age, so 
that every child may attend school the whole of every 
school day. This is a primary obligation resting upon the 
State. An effective kindergarten system should be estab- 
lished for the benefit of the younger children of the State. 
We extend our sympathy to the band of gallant men 
struggling heroically in South Africa for the inestimable 
privilege of being free and independent. 

We advocate the election of United States Senators di- 
rectly by the people. 

We charge that the Republican administration of this 
State has been reckless and improvident m the expenditure 
of public moneys. 

The prosperous condition of the State treasury is due 
entirely to the corporation tax laws, initiated and passed 
during Democratic administrations. The expenses of the 
State Government, not including payments on the public 
debt, have increased from $1,735,917.27 for the year ending 
October 31, 1893, the last year of Democratic control, to 



180 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

$2,701,226.97 for the year ending October Si, 1900, being- an 
increase of over 55 per cent. 

We demand a return to the time-honored Democratic 
principle of economy in State expenditures. We insist that 
all revenues not absolutely required for an economic ad- 
ministration of our affairs should be applied to a reduc- 
tion of the State taxes now levied for school purposes; 
such q. reduction be permanent and not simply spasmodic 
and in gubernatorial years. 

The incompetency of the Republican administration is 
further shown by the fact that the effort to amend the 
Constitution of the State has been rendered fruitless by 
their failure to advertise properly the amendment sug- 
gested by the Legislature, thus preventing for years a pop- 
ular vote on amendments to the organic law. 

In this, as in other matters, the Constitution, its letter 
and spirit, has been a sealed book to the Republican party. 

In conclusion, we pledge ourselves and our representa- 
tives to rigid economy in public expenditures, to a fair ad- 
ministration of government with equal rights to all and 
privileges to none, and to the selection of competent and 
faithful public servants who shall obey the voice of the 
people and not the orders of a political machine. 

To the support of these principles of State and local gov- 
ernment we invite the aid and suffrage of the people of the 
whole State. 



STATE SENATORS. 

STATE SENATORS. 

BY COUNTIES, FROM 1845 TO 1903. 



181 



Atlantic County. 



45-47, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65. 
66-68, 



45—47, 
48—49, 
50—51, 
52—53. 
54—56, 
57—59. 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—68. 
69—71, 



45—46, 
47—49. 
50—52, 
53—58, 
59—61, 
62, 
63—64, 
65—67. 
68—70, 
71—73, 



45, 
46—48. 
49—51. 
52—54, 
55—60. 
61—63, 
64—66. 
67—72, 



45—46, 
47—49. 
50—52. 
5.3—55, 
56—58. 
59—61, 
62—64. 
65—67, 
68—70. 



Joel Adams. 
Lewis M. Walker. 
Joseph E. Potts. 
David B. Somers. 
Enoch Cordery. 
Thomas E. Morris. 
Samuel Stille. 
David S. Blackman. 

liergen 

Richard R. Paulison. 
Isaac I. Haring. 
John Van Brunt. 
Abraham Hopper. 
Daniel D. Depew. 
Thomas H. Herring. 
Ralph S. Demarest. 
Daniel Holsman. 
John Y. Dater. 
James J. Brinkerhoff. 



69—71, Jesse Adams. 
72—74, William Moore. 
75—77, Hosea F. Madden. 
78—92, John J. Gardner. 
93—98, Samuel D. Hoffman. 
99—1901. Lewis Evans. 
02—04, Edward S. Lee. 



County. 

72—74, Cornelius Lydecker. 
75—77, George Dayton. 
78—80, Cornelius S. Cooper. 
81—83, Isaac Wortendyke. 
84—85, Ezra Miller. 
86-89, John W. Bogert. 
90—95. Honrv D. Winton. 
96—1900, William M. Johnson. 
01—04, Edmund W. Wakelee. 



Hvirlingt 

James S. Hulme. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
Joseph Satterthwaite 
Joseph W. Allen. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Joseph W. Pharo. 
William Garwood. 
Geo. M. Wright. 
Job H. Gaskell. 
Henry J. Irick. 



on County. 

74—76, Barton F. Thorn. 
77—79. Caleb G. Ridgway. 
80—82, Wm. Budd Deacon. 
8.3— S5. Hezekiah B. Smith. 
86—91, William H. Carter. 
92—94, Mitchell B. Perkins. 
95—97. William C. Parry. 
98—1900. Howard E. Packer. 
01—03, Nathan Haines. 



Camden County. 



Richard W. Howell. 73- 

Joseph C. Stafford. 82- 

Jnhn Gill. 85- 

Thomas W. Mulford. 88- 

John K. Roberts. 91- 

William P. Tatem. 97- 

Jnmes M. Scovel. 03- 
Edward Bettle. 



-81, William J. Sewell. 

-84, Albert Merritt. 

-87, Richard N. Herring. 

-90. George Pfeiffer. 

-96. Maurice A. Rogers. 

-1902. Herbert W. Johnson. 

-05, William J. Bradley. 



Cape May County. 

Reuben Willets. 71—73. Thomas Beesley. 

James L. Smith. 74—76, Richard S. Leaming. 

Enoch Edmunds. 77—79, Jonathan F. Leaming. 

Joshua Swain. Jr. 80—85. Waters B. Miller. 

Jesse H. Diverty. 86—88. Joseph H. Hanes. 

Downs Edmunds. 89—91, Walter S. Leaming. 

Jonathan F. Leaming. 92—94, I^emuel E. Miller. 

Wilmon W. Ware. 95—97, Edmund L. Ross. 

Leaming M. Rice. 98—1903. Robert E. Hand. 



182 STATE SENATORS. 

Cumberland County. 

45—46. Enoch H. More. 72—74. C. Henry Shepherd, 

47—50, Stephen A. Garrison. 75—77, J. Howard Willets. 

51—53. Reuben Fithian. 78—80. George S. Whiticar. 

54—56, Lewis Howell. 81—86. Isaac T. Nichols. 

57—59, John L. Snarp. 87-89. Philip P. Baker. 

60—62, Nat. Stratton. 90—92, Seaman R. Fowler. 

63—68, Providence Ludlam. 93—1901. Edward C. Stokes. 

69—71, James H. Nixon. 02—04, Bloomfield H. Minch. 

Essex County. 

45, Joseph S. Dodd. 76—78, William H. Kirk. 

46—48, Stephen R. Grover. 79—81, William H. Francis. 

49—51, Asa Whitehead. 82—84, William Stainsby. 

52—54, Stephen Congar. 85-87, Frederick S. Fish. 

55—57. George R. Chetwood. 88—90. A. F. R. Martin. 

58—60. Charles L. C. Gifford. 91—93. Michael T. Barrett. 

61—63, James M. Quinby. 94—99. George W. Ketcham. 

64—66, John G. Trusdell. 1900—02, Thos. N. McCarter, Jr. 

67—69. James L. Hays. 03—05, J. Henry Bacheller. 
70—75, John W. Taylor. 

Gloucester County. 

45^8, John C. Smallwood. 76—78, Thomas P. Mathers. 

49—51, Charles Reeves. ■ 79—81, John F. Bodine. 

52—54, John Burk. 82—83, Thomas M. Ferrell. 

55—57. Joseph Franklin. 84—87. Stacy L. Pancoast. 

58—60, Jeptha Abbott. 88—90. Joseph B. Roe. 

61—63, John Pierson. 91—93, George H. Barker. 

64—66, Joseph L. Reeves. 94 — 9(^. Daniel J. Parker. 

67—69, Woodward Warrick. S7— 1902, Solomon H. Stanger. 

70—75. Samiiel Hopkins. 03—^)5, Thomas M. Ferrell. 

Huosnrt County. 

45 — 47, Richard Cutwater. 75—77. Leon Abbett. 

48_49, John Tennele. 78—80, Rudolph F. Rabe. 

50, John Cassedv. 81—83, Elijah T. Paxton. 

51—53. Abraham O. Zabriskie. 84—86, William Brinkerhoff. 

54—56. Moses B. Bramhall. 87—89. William D. Edwards. 

57—59, C. V. Clickener. 90—91, *Edward F. McDonald. 
60—61, Samuel Wescott. 92. Robert S. Hudspeth. 

62—65. Theo. F. Randolph. 93—98, William D. Daly. 

66—68, Charles H. Winfield. 99. 1900. Allan L. McDermott. 

69_71. Noah D. TayloV. 01—04, Robert S. Hudspeth. 
72—74, John R. McPherson. 

Hunterdon County. 

45—46. Alexander Wurts. 74—76. Fred. A. Potts. 

47 — 19. Isaac G. Farlee. 77—79. James N. Pidcock. 

50—52. John Manners. 80—82. Eli Bosenbury. 

5.3—55. Alexander V. Bonnell. 83—85. John Carpenter. Jr. 

56—58, John C. Rafferty. 86—88. George H. Large. 

59—61, Edmund Perry. 89—91. Moses K. Everitt. 

62—64. John Blane. 92—94. William H. Martin. 

65—67. Alexander Wurts. 95—97. Richard S. Kuhl. 

68—70. Joseph G. Bnwne. 9S— lono .7. hn R FnstPr. 

71—7.3. David H. Banghart. 01—03, William C. Gebhardt. 

*Mr. McDonald was unseated the last day of the ses- 
sion of 1890. and William S. Stnhr was given hisseaf. The 
first week of the session of 1891 Mr. Stuhr was unseated 
and Mr. McDonald resumed his seat. 



STATE SENATORS. 183 

Mercer roiinty. 

45—50, Charles S. Olden. 75—77. Jonathan H. Blackwell. 

51—56, William C. Alexander. 78— SO, Crowell Marsh. 
57—59, Robert C. Hutchinson. 81—83, John Taylor. 
60—62, Jonathan Cook. 84—86, George O. Vanderbilt. 

63—65, Edward W. Scudder. 87—92, John D. Rue. 
66—68, Aug. G. Richey. 93—98, William H. Skirm. 

69—71, John Woolverton. 99—04, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

72—74, Charles Hewitt. 

Middlesex County. 

45—46. David Crowell. 77—79, George C. Ludlow. 

47—49, Adam Lee. 80-82, Isaac L. Martin. 
50—52, Edward Y. Rogers. 83—85, Abraham V. Schenck. 

53—55, Ralph C. Stults. 86—88, Daniel C. Chase. 

56—58, Henry V. Speer. 89—94, Robert Adrain. 

59—61, Abra. Everitt. 95—97, Charles B. Herbert. 

62—70, Amos Robbins. 98-1900. James H. Van Cleef. 

71—76, Levi D. Jarrard. 01—03, Theodore Strong. 

Monmouth County. 

45, Thomas E. Combs. 79—81, George C. Beekman. 
46—48, George F. Fort. 82—84, John S. Applegate. 

49—51, John A. Morford. 85—87, Thomas G. Chattle. 

52—54, William D. Davis. 88—90, Henry M. Nevius. 

55—57, Robert S. Laird. 91—92, Thomas S. R. Brown. 

58—60, Wm. H. Hendrickson. 93, Henry S. Terhune. 

61—63, Anthony Reckless. 94—96. James A. Bradley. 

64—71, Henry S. Little. 97—1902, Charles Asa Francis 

72, Wm. H. Conover. Jr. 03—05, Oliver H. Brown. 
73—78, Wm. H. Hendrickson. 

Morris County. 

45—47, John B. Johnes. 72—74, Augustus W. Cutler. 

48—50, Ephraim Marsh. 75—77, John Hill, 

ol— 53, John A. Bleecker. 78—80, Augustus C. Canfield. 

54 — 56, Alexander Robertson. 81—86. James C. Youngblood. 

57—59, Andrew B. Cobb. 87—92, George T. Werts. 

60—62, Daniel Budd. 93—95. Elias C. Drake. 

63—65, Lyman A. Chandler. 96-98, John B. Vreeland. 

66—70, George T. Cobb. 99—1901. Mahlon Pitnev. 

71, Columbus Beach. 02—04, Jacob W. Welsh. 

Ocean County. 

51—53, Samuel Bii'dsall. 78—80, Ephraim P. Emson. 

54—56, Jas. Cowperthwaite. 81-83, Abram C. B. Havens. 

57—62, William F. Brown. 84—92, George T. Cranmer. 

6.3—68, George D. Horner. 93—95, George G. Smith. 

69—71, John Torrey, Jr. 96-98. Robert B. Engle. 

72—74, John G. W. Havens. 99—1901. George G. Smith. 

75—77, John S. Schultze. 02—04, George L. Shinn. 

Passaic County. 

45 — 46, Cornelius G. Garrison, 74—76, John Hopper. 

47—49. Martin J. Ryerson. 77—82, Garret A. Hobart. 

50—52. Silas D. Canfield. 83—88, John W. Griggs. 

53—55, Thomas D. Hoxsey. 89—91, John Mallon. 

56—58, Jetur R. Riggs. 92—94, John Hinchliffe. 

59—67, Benjamin Buckley. 95—97, Robert Williams. 

68—70, John Hopper. 98—1900. Christian Braun. 

U—IZ, Henry A. Williams. 01-03, Wood McKee. 



184 



STATE SENATORS. 



Salem County. 



45, William J. Shinn. 
46 — 48, Benjamin Acton, Jr. 
49 — 51, John Summerill, Jr. 
52—54, Allen Wallace. 
55—57, Charles P. Smith. 
58—60, Joseph K. Riley. 
61—63. Emmor Reeve. 
64—66, Richard M. Acton. 
67—69. Samuel Plummer. 
70—72, John C. Belden. 



73—75, Isaac Newkirk. 
76—78. Charles S. Plummer. 
79—81, Quinton Keasbey. 
82—84. George Hires. 
85—87, Wyatt W. Miller. 
88—90, William Newell. 
91—93. James Butcher. 
94—96. John C. Ward. 
97—1902. Richard C. Miller. 
03—05, James Strimple. 



Somer-set County. 



45. George H. Brown. 
46—48, William H. Leupp. 
49—51, John W. Craig. 
52—54. Moses Craig. 
55—57, Samuel K. Martin. 
58—60, James Campbell. 
61—63, Rynier H. Veghte. 
64—66, Joshua Doughty. 
67—69, John H. Anderson. 
70—72, Calvin Corle. 



73—75, Elisha B. Wood. 
76—78, Charles B. Moore. 
79—81, John G. Schenck. 
82—84. Eugene S. Doughty. 
85—90. Lewis A. Thompson. 
91—93, William J. Keys. 
94 — Pfi. Lewis A. Thompson. 
97—1902, Charles A. Reed. 
03—05. Samuel S. Childs. 



Sussex County. 



45 — 46. Benjamin Hamilton. 
47—19, Nathan Smith. 
50—52. Joseph Greer. 
53—55, Isaac Bonnell. 
56—58, Zachariah H. Price. 
59—61. Edward C. Moore. 
62—64. Peter Smith. 
6.5—67. Jospph S. Martin. 
68—73, Richard E. Edsall. 



74—76. Samuel T. Smith. 
77—79, Francis M. Ward. 
80 — 82, Thomas Lawrence. 
83—85. Lewis Cochran. 
86—88, John A. McBride. 
89—91. Peter D. Smith. 
92—94, John McMickle. 
9.5—97. Jacob Gould. 
98—1903, Lewis J. Martin. 



Union County. 



58—60, John R. Ayres. 

61—63, Joseph T. Crowell. 

64 — 65, James Jenkins. 

66, Philip H. Grier. 

67—69, Amos Clark. Jr. 

70—72, James T. Wiley. 

73—75, J. Henry Stone. 



76—78, William J. Magie. 
79—84, Benjamin A. Vail. 
85—87, Robert L. Livingston. 
88—90, James L. Miller. 
91—93. Frederick C. Marsh. 
94 — 98, Foster M. Voorhees. 
99—05, Joseph Cross. 



"Warren County. 



45. Charles J. Ihrie. 
46 — 48, Jeremy Mackey. 
49—51, George W. Taylor. 
52—54. Charles Sitgreaves. 
55—57. William Rea. 
58—60. Philip Mo wry. 
61—63, James K. Swayze. 
64—66. Henrv R. Kennedy. 
67—69, Abraham Wild rick. 
70-72. Edward H. Bird. 
73—75, Joseph B. Cornish. 



76 — 78, William Silverthorn. 
79 — 81, Peter Cramer. 
82—84, George H. Beatty. 
85—87. James E. Moon. 
88—90, Martin Wvckoff. 
91—93. Johnston Cornish. 
94—96, Christopher F. Staates. 
97—99. Isaac Barber. 
1900—1902, Johnston Cornish. 
03 — 05, Isaac Barber. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



185 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 

BY COUNTIES, FKOM 1845 TO 1903. 



Atlantic 

45, 46, Joseph Ingersoll. 

47—49, Mark Lake. 

50, 51, Robert B. Risley. 

52, John H. Boyle. 

53, Thomas D. Winner. 

54, Daniel Townsend. 

55, Nicholas F. Smith. 
56, 57, David Frambes. 

58, John B. Madden. 

59, Thomas E. Morris, 
60—62, Charles E. P^ Mayhew. 

63, John Godfrey. 

64, Simon Hanthorn. 

65, Simon Lake. 
66, 67, P. M. WolfseifCer. 
68, 69, Jacob Keim. 
70, 71, Benj. H. Overheiser, 
72, 73, Samuel H. Cavileer. 
74, 75, Lemuel Conover. 

liei'gen 

45, William .G. Hopper. 
45, Jacob C. Terhune. 
47, John G, Banta. 
47, Jacob J. Brinkerhoff, 
49, John Ackerman, Jr. 
49, Henry H. Voorhis, Jr. 
-52, John Huyler. 

51, John H. Hopper. 

52, John Zabriskie. 
54, Jacob I. Demarest. 
54, Abraham Van Horn. 

56, Ralph S. Demarest. 
56, Thomas W. Demarest. 
58, Daniel Holsman. 

58, Aaron H. Westervelt. 

59, Andrew C. Cadmus. 

60, Enoch Brinkerhoff. 
60, John A. Hopper. 
62, Abram Carlock. 
62, John R. Post. 
64, Thomas D. English. 
64, John Y. Dater. 

66, Isaac Demarest. 

66, Abraham J. Haring. 

68, Cornelius Christie. 

67, A. Van Emburg. 

69, Henry G. Herring. 

70, Eben Winton. 

71, Henry A. Hopper. 

72, Jacob G. Van Riper. 



County. 

76, 77, Leonard H. Ashley. 

78, Israel Smith. 
79, 80, James Jeffries. 

81, George Elvins. 

82, Joseph H. Shinn. 

83, John L. Bryant. 
84, 85, Edward North. 

86, 87, James S. Beckwith. 

88, James B. Nixon. 
89, 90, Shepherd S. Hudson. 

91, Smith E. Johnson. 

92, Samuel D. Hoffman. 

93, Charles A. Baake. 

94, Frederick Schuchardt. 

95, Wesley C. Smith. 

96, 97, Marcellus L. Jackson. 
98, 99, Leonard H. Ashley. 
1900—01, Charles T. Abbott. 
02, C3, Thomas C. Elvins. 



Countv. 



46, 
46, 



50- 
50, 

53, 
53, 
55. 

55, 
57, 
57, 

59, 

61, 
61, 
63, 
63, 
65, 
65, 
67, 



69, 
70, 
71, 



73, 

73, 
75, 
75, 
77, 
77, 
78, 
79, 
80, 
80, 
-83, 
82, 
84, 
84, 
85, 



87, 
89, 
90. 
91, 
91, 
93, 
93, 
94, 
95, 
96, 
97. 



89, 
90, 

92. 
92, 

94, 
P5, 
96, 

97, 98, 

98. 99, 



George J. Hopper. 
John J. Anderson. 
Henry C. Herring. 
John W. Bogert. 
John H. Winant. 
Barney N. Ferdon. 
M. Corsen Gillham. 
Southey S. Parramore. 
John A. Demarest. 
Oliver D. Smith. 
86, John Van Bussum. 
Elias H. Sisson. 
Peter R. Wortendyke. 
♦Jacob W. Doremus. 
Peter Ackerman. 
Eben Winton. 
Anderson Bloomer. 
Peter Ackerman. 
Charles F. Harrington. 
Abram De Ronde. 
George Zimmermann. 
John H. Huyler. 
Samuel G. H. Wright. 
John J. Dupuy. 
Walter Dewsnap. 
David D. Zabriskie. 
Fred'k L. Voorhees. 
Jacob H. Ullman. 
Abram C. Holdrum. 
John M. Bell. 



♦John W. Doremus was first elected, but died before 
Legislature convened. 



186 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



99. 1900, Edmund W. Wakelee.Ol— 02, James W. Mercer. 
1900, Vacancy caused by death 0:;, M. S. Ayers. 
of John L.. C. Graves. 03, George Cook. 
01—02, Joseph H. Tillotson. 



Burlington County. 



45, Joseph Satterthwait. 
45. Isaiah Adams. 
45, 47, 48, John W. C. Evans. 
45, Edward Taylor. 

45, William Biddle. 

46, Clayton Lippincott. 
46, Willian:! Malsbury. 
46, Garrit S. v^annon. 
46. Stephen Willets. 

46, Wm. G. Lippincott. 
47—49, John S. Irick. 

47 — 49, Benjamin Kemble. 
47, 48, Joseph W. Allen. 

47, William Biddle. 
48—50, Edward French. 
49—51, Samuel Stockton. 
49—51, William R. Braddock. 
50—52, William Brown. 

50, 51, William S. Embley. 
51—53, Allen Jones. 
52 — 54, John W. Fennimore. 
52—54, Charles Haines. 

52, Benajah Antrim. 
53, 54, Mahlon Hutchinson. 
53, 54, Jacob L. Githens. 

54, Job H. Gaskill. 
54—56, William Parry. 

55, Josephus Sooy, Jr. 

55, Benjamin Gibbs. 

55, 57, Thomas L. Norcross. 

55, 56, Elisha Gaunt. 

56, Richard Jones. 

56, William M. Collom. 

56, 57, Jervis H. Bartlett. 

57, 58, Samuel Keys. 
57—59, Charles Mickle. 
57—59, Ezra Evans. 

5«, Samuel C. Middleton. 

58, 59, Charles S. Kemble. 

59, 60, John Larzalere. 
59—61, Samuel A. Dobbins. 

60, 61, George B. Wills. 
60—62, Robert B. Stokes. 
60—62, William Sooy. 

61, Joseph L. Lamb. 
62—64, Wm. P. McMichael. 
62, 63, John M. Higbee. 
63—65, Israel W. Heulings. 
63—65, Henrv J. Irick. 

64, Jarett Stokes. 

65, Samuel Stockton. 

65, 66, Charles C. Lathrop. 

66. 67. George W. Thompson. 
66, 67, Samuel Coate. 



C6, 67, Andrew J. Fort. 
67—69, Wallace Lippincott. 
68—71, John J. Maxwell. 

68, Chas. E. Hendrickson. 

68, Charles Collins. 
69—71, Thomas C. Alcott. 

69, Theophilus I. Price. 
70, 71, Abraham Perkins. 

70, Levi French. 

71—73, Edward T. Thompson. 

72, Robert Aaronson. 
72—74, E. Budd Marter. 
72—74, George B. Borton. 
73, 74, Townsend Cox. 

74, Joseph P. Adams. 

75. I^evi French. 

75, Charles J. Gordon. 

75, Henry Moffett. 
75—77, Samuel Taylor. 

76, Daniel L. Piatt. 
76 — 78, John Cavileer. 
76—78, Edward F. Mathews. 
77 — 79, George Sykes. 

78, 79, Wm. Budd Deacon. 

79, SO, John W. Haines. 
79, Wm. R. Lippincott. 

80—82, William H. Carter. 
80—82, Henry C. Herr. 

81, John Cavileer. 

80, 81, Abraham Marter. 

82, Thomas M. Locke. 
83—86, Theodore Budd. 
83, 84, 87, Stacy H. Scott. 

83, Horace Cronk. 
84—86, Thomas J. Alcott. 
85, 86, Allen H. Gangewer. 
87, 88, 90, R. C. Hutchinson. 

87, 88. 89, William H. Doron. 

88, 89, Albert Hansell. 
89, George C. Davis. 
91, Mitchell B. Perkins. 

91, Lewis L. Sharp. 

92, A. H. White. 

93, Howard E. Packer. 

93, Micajah E. Matlack. 

94, Augustus C. Stecher. 

94, 95, Micajah E. Matlack. 

95, 96, 97, George Wildes. 

96, 97. Joshua E. Borton. 
98—1902. Charles Wright. 
98—1900, Joel Horner. 
01—03. John G. Horner. 

03, Benj. D. Shedaker. 



90, 
90. 
91, 
92, 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



187 



Camden County. 



Joseph Kay, Jr. 
John Re''"/ield. 
Joel G. Clark. 
Gerrard Wood. 
Edward Turner. 
Joseph B. Tatem. 
John C. Shreeve. 
John E. Marshall. 
Jacob Troth. 
Joseph Wolohon. 
Charles D. Hineline. 
Thomas W. Hurff. 
J. O. Johnson. 
J. Kay. 

Jonathan Day. 
Samuel Lytle. 
John K. Roberts. 
Samuel S. Cake. 
James L. Hines. 
Reiley Barret. 
Evan C. Smith. 
John P. Ilarker. 
*Samuel Scull. 
T. B. Atkinson. 
Joseph M. Atkinson. 
Edmund Hoffman. 
Samuel M. Thorne. 
Zebedee Nicholson. 
John R. Graham. 
Joseph Stafford, Jr. 
George Brewer. 
Joel P. Kirkbride. 
James L. Hines. 
Daniel A. Hall. 
Edwin J. Osier. 
James M. Scovel. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Samuel Tatem. 
Paul C. Brinck. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
John F. Bodine. 
George W. N. Custis. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Edward Z. Collings. 
John Hood. 
James Wills. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Henrv S. Bonsall. 
William C. Shinn. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Samuel W^arthman. 
Charles Wilson. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 



72, Fred. Bourquin. 
71, 72, Stevenson Leslie. 
72—74, George B. Carse. 

73, Isaac Foreman. 
73, 74, William H. Cole. 

74, Chalkley Albertson. 
75—77, Alden C. Scovel. 

75, 76, 79, 80. R. N. Herring. 

75, Henry B. Wilson. 

76, 77, Oliver Lund. 

77, Samuel T. Murphy. 

78, Isaiah Woolston. 

78, 79, Alonzo D. Nichols. 
78. Andrew J. Rider. 

79, 80, Edward Burrough. 

80, 81, Henry L. Bonsall. 

81, 82. Chris. J. Mines. Jr. 
81, 82, John H. McMurray. 

82. Robert F. S. Heath. 

83, George W. Borton. 

83. John Bamford. 

83, 84. 93. Clayton Stafford. 
84 — 87. Edward A. Armstrong. 

84. John W. Branning. 

85. Benjamin M. Braker. 
85, 86, Henry M. Jewett. 

86. George Pfeiffer. 

87. Philip Young. 
87. Henry Turley. 

88. 89. Adam Clark Smith. 
88. 89. 90. John Harris. 
88, 89, George H. Higgins. 
90. Franklin C. Woolman. 

90. 91. 92. Abram W. Nash. 

91, 92, Joseph M. Engard. 

91, 92. also 73.74. Wm. H.Cole. 
03, 94. 95. Clayton Stafford. 

93, George W^. Henry. 

93, 94, William J. Thompson. 

94, William Watson. 

95, George W. Barnard. 

95, 96, 97, Louis T. Derousse. 

96, 97, Frank T. Lloyd. 
96. 97, Henry S. Scovel. 
98—1902, William J. Bradley. 
98. 99. John H. McMurray. 
98. 99. Edgar J. Coles. 

1900, F. F. Patterson. Jr. 

00. 01, 02. Ephraim T. Gill. 

01, 02. George A. Waite. 
03, Henry S. Scovel. 
03, Theodore B. Gibbs. 
03, John S. Roberts. 



Cape May Connty. 



45, John Stites. 

46, Samuel Townsend. 

47, Richard S. Ludlam. 



50, 51, Mackey Williams. 

52. Joshua Swaim. 

53. Waters B. Miller. 



♦In 1857 Mr. Scull was unseated by T. B. Atkinson. 



]88 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



48, 49, Nathaniel Holmes, Jr. 54, 
56—58. Downs Edmunds, Jr. 80, 
59, 60, Abram Reeves. 81, 

61, Jonathan F. Leaming. 86, 
62—64, Wilmon W. Ware. 
65—67, 69, 70. Thos. Beesley. 89, 

68, Samuel R. Magonagle. 92, 
71—73, Richard S. Leaming. 95, 

74, Alexander Young. 

75, Richard D. Edmunds. 
76—78, William T. Stevens. 99, 

79, Daniel Schellinger. Ul- 



55, Jesse H. Diverty. 
83—85. Jesse D. Ludlam. 
82, Furman L. Richardson 

87, Alvin P. Hildreth. 

88, Walter S. Leaming. 
90, 91, Eugene C. Cole. 
93, 94, Edmund L. Ross. 

96, B'urman L. Ludlam. 

97, Robert E. Hand. 

98, Eugene C Cole. 
1900, Ellis H. Marshall. 
03, Lewis M. Cresse. 



Cumberland f'oiintv. 



45, 
45, 46, 
45, 46, 
46, 
47, 
47, 

47, 48, 

48, 49, 
48, 49, 
50, 51, 

50, 51. 

51, 52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
54, 

55, 56, 

55, 56. 

57, 

57, 

58, 

58, 59. 

59, 

60, 

60. 

61, 62, 

61, 62, 

63, 64, 

63, 64. 

65-67. 

65—68. 

68, 

69. 

09—71. 

70, 71, 



45, 
45, 46. 

45, 
45, 46. 
45, 46. 
45, 46. 

45, 46. 

46, 47. 

46. 47. 

47, 48, 



Josiah Shaw. 
George Heisler. 
Lewis Howell. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Leonard Lawrence. 
Jeremiah Parvin. 
Uriah D. Woodruff. 
Reuben Fithian. 
Richard Lore. 
Benj. Ayres. 
Joel Moore. 
Samuel Mayhew. 
David Campbell. 
Enos S. Gandy. 
Lewis Woodruff. 
Daniel Harris. 
Morton Mills. 
James M. Wells. 
John F. Keen. 
Uriah Mayhew. 
Elias Doughty. 
Elwell Nichols. 
Robert Moore. 
Aaron S. Westcott. 
Ebenezer Hall. 
John Carter. 
William Bacon. 
J. Edmund Sheppard. 

B. Rush Batpman. 
Edward W. Maylin. 
Robert Moore. 
James H. Nixon. 
Thomas D. Westcott. 

C. Henry Shepherd. 
William A. House. 
Charles C. Grosscup. 

Kssex 

Isaac Van Wagenen. 
William M. Scudder. 
John Runyon. 
Hugh F. Randolph. 
Jabez Piersnn. 
Keen Pruden. 
Alvah Sherman. 
George W. McLane. 
Parker Teed. 
A. S. Hubbeel. 



72, 73, George S. Whiticar. 
72. 73, J. Howard Willets. 
74, 75. Lewis H. Dowdney. 
74. George B. Langley. 
75—77, George W. Payne. 
76. Isaiah W. Richman. 

Isaac T. Nichols. 

James Loughron. 

Robert P. Ewing. 

Arthur T. Parsons. 

Charles Ladow. 

81, John H. Avis. 

82, Philip P. Baker. 
Isaac M. Smalley. 
John B. Campbell. 
Jeremiah H. Lupton. 
Wilson Banks. 
Franklin Lawrence. 
Thomas H. Hawkins. 
Mulford 
Isaac M. 
Thomas 
Reuben 

93, 94. John 
91, 



78. 
78, 
80, 
80. 
82, 



83, 
84, 
85, 
86, 
87. 
87. 
88. 



89. 
90. 



Ludlam. 
Smalley. 
W. Trenchard 
Cheesman. 
N. Glaspell. 
James L. Van Syckel. 

91. 92. Edward C. Stokes. 

92. 93. Wilber H. Baxter. 
94—96. Thomas F. Austin. 
95—97. Bloomfield H. Minch. 
97. 98. James J. Hunt. 

9S. 99. Wilson L Shropshire. 
99—1901, Jesse S. Steelman. 
00. 01. 02. William J. Moore. 
02. 03, Louis H. Miller. 
03, B. Frank Buck. 

County. 

47, 48, Abraham Van Riper. 

47, 48, Elston Marsh. 

48. Hngh H. Bowne. 

48, 49. Charles Harrison. 

49, 50. Joel W. Condit. 
49. 50. Obadiah Mepker. 
49, 50. ^Villiam F. Dav. 
49, 50. Stephen Personett. 

49, Hugh H. Bowne. 
49. Lewis C. Grover. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



189 



Jabez G. Goble. 
Francis B. Chetwood, 
Isaac H. Piers(jn. 
Beach Vanderpool. 
John C. Beardsley. 
Win. i>l. Whiteheaci. 
Cornelius Boice. 
Thomas McKirgan. 
John M. Clark. 
William M. Sandford. 
Silas Merchant. 
John Munn. 
James S. Bell. 
John B. Clark. 
Stephen Day, Jr. 
Gran I J. Wheeler. 
Edward T. Hillyer. 
Charles T. Day. 
Charles O. BoUes. 
Abialhar Harrison. 
Daniel Price. 
William Dennis. 
David S. Craig. 
Daniel H. Noe. 
James N. Joraleman. 
David Ripley. 
Hngh ilolmes. 
Daniel D. Benjamin. 
Charles O. Bolles. 
Daniel F. Tompkins. 
Nehemiah Perry. 
James A. Pennington. 
Apollos M. Elmer. 
Joseph T. flopping. 
Warren S. Baldwin. 
Samuel R. Winans. 
James E. Bathgate. 
George H. Doremus. 
Wm. K. McDonald. 
John C. Denman. 
Moses P. Smith. 
John L. Blake, Jr. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Charles L. C. Gifford. 
Elihu Day. 
Charles C. Stewart. 
John C. Thornton. 
Simeon Harrison. 
James McCracken. 
Joseph Booth. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Thomas Kirkpatrick. 
Adolphus W.Waldron. 
James F. Bond. 
Amzi Condit. 
Gashier De Witt, Jr. 
Da\id Ayres. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
David A. Hayes. 
James McCracken. 
J. W. Hale. 
Frederick H. Teese. 



50, 


51. 


50, 


51. 


Gl. 


62. 


CI, 


62, 


61, 


62, 




61, 


G2, 


63. 


62. 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 




63, 




63, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 




64, 




64, 




65, 




65, 




65. 


65, 


66, 




66, 


66. 


67. 


66, 


67, 


66. 


67. 


66, 


68. 




66, 




66, 




66, 




67, 




67, 




67. 


67, 


68. 


67, 


68. 




67, 


68, 


69, 


6S, 


69, 


68, 


69. 


68, 


69. 


68. 


69, 




68, 


69, 


70. 


69, 


70. 


69. 


70. 


69, 


71, 


70. 


71. 


70, 


71, 


70, 


71. 




70, 




70 




70. 




71. 


71, 


72. 


71. 


72, 


71, 


72, 




71. 


72, 


73, 



Jonathan Valentine. 
David Wade. 
James M. Dang. 
David Oakes. 
John Flintoft. 
James E. Smith, 
Walter Tompkins. 
Corra Drake. 
John D. Freeman. 
John P. Jackson. 
Thomas McG'rath. 
Amzi Dodd. 
John C. Littell. 
Adolph Schalk. 
James Smith. 
Rufus F. Harrison. 
Charles A. Dightpipe. 
Thomas B. Peddie. 
John C. Seiffert. 
Bernard Kearney. 
Jeremiah DeCamp. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
J. B. S. Robinson. 
John H. Landell. 
James D. Cleaver. 
David Anderson. 
William Bodwell. 
Albert P. Condit. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
William H. Murphy. 
Edward L. Price. 
John F. Anderson. 
David Ayres. 
James L. Hays. 
Israel D. Condit. 
Daniel Ayres. 
William R. Sayre. 
Samuel Atwater. 
Edward Hedden. 
M. H. C. Vail. 
Josiah Speer. 
James Peck. 
John Kennedy. 
Timothy W. Lord. 
Francis Macken. 
Josiah L. Baldwin. 
James L. Gurney. 
John Hunkele. 
William W. Hawkins. 
James G. Irwin. 
Joseph F. Sanxay. 
Farrand Kitchell. 
Henry W. Wilson. 
Chauncey G. W^illiams 
William R. Sayre. 
Matthew Murphy. 
Albert P. Condit. 
Edmund 1^. Joy. 
Theodore Horn , 
Rochus Heinlsrh, Jr. 
William A. Ripley. 
Samuel Wilde. 



m 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



60, 


61, 


61, 


62, 




i2, 




72, 




72, 




73. 




73, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74, 




74. 


74, 


75. 


74, 


75. 


74, 


75. 




74. 


73- 


-75. 




75. 




75. 




75, 




75, 


75, 


76, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77. 


76, 


77. 




76. 




76. 




76. 


76. 


80. 




77. 


77. 


78. 


77. 


78. 


77. 


78, 


77. 


78. 


78, 


79. 


78, 


79. 


78. 


79. 


78, 


79. 


78, 


79. 




78. 




78. 


79—81. 


79, 


SO. 


79, 


80. 




79. 




80. 


80. 


81. 


80. 


81. 


79—81. { 




81. 




81. 




81. 


81. 


82. 


80. 


81. 


82. 


83. 


82. 


83. 




82. 



James Wheeler. 
Geuige A. llalsey. 
David Andtibou. 
Daiuei xMuiphy. 
Muses H. CViiliams. 
L.. M. Armsliong. 
Juhij VV. Campbell. 
Klias U. Duremus. 
Phineas Jones. 
Aarun G. Baldwin. 
Muses E. Halsey. 
Thomas S. lienry. 
Julius C. Fitzgerald. 
William H. Kirk. 
James T. Vaiitiess. 
Samuel Morrow, Jr. 
Andrew Teed. 
Hugh Kinnard. 
Pa I nek Doyle. 
William Carrolton. 
David Dodd. 
All)eri D. Traphagen, 
Francis Iv. Howell. 
S. V'.C.Van Rensselaer. 
Elkanah Drake. 
Charles H. Harrison. 
Marcus S. Richards. 
Philip W. Cross. 
James M. Patterson. 
Joseph H. Wightman. 
Gottfried Krueger. 
Charles Gomer. 
James Malone. 
Edward D. Plerson. 
Edward W. Crane. 
George S. Duryte. 
82. Wm. H. F. Fielder. 

82. Wm. H. F. Fiedler. 
Schuyler B. Jackson. 
Alexander Phillips. 
Charles Holzwarlh. 
Harrison Van Duyne. 
Peter J. Gray. 

83. 89, John Gill. 
Charles A. Felch. 
♦William H. Brown. 
Ellas A. Wilkinson. 
Thns W. Langstroth, 
83. Thomas O Connor. 
Joseph L. Munn. 
William Wright, 
•♦('has. G. Hruemmer, 
Michael McMahan. 
William R. Williams. 
John H. Parsons. 
David Young. 
Robert McGowan. 



72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 




b2. 




82, 




82, 




83, 




83, 




83, 




83, 


83, 


84, 


bo- 


-87, 


M, 


85, 


84, 


6b, 


84, 


85. 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85, 




84, 




84, 




84, 


85, 


86, 


85, 


86. 


85, 


86, 




85. 


8G, 


87. 




86. 


86, 


87, 




86, 




86, 


8G. 


87, 


87, 


88. 


87, 


88, 




87, 




87, 


87- 


-89, 


87, 


88, 




87, 


88, 


89. 


88, 


89, 




88, 




88. 


88, 


89, 




88, 




89, 


89. 


90. 


89, 


90. 




89, 


89, 


90. 




89. 


00. 


91. 


90. 


91, 


go- 


-92. 


go. 


91. 


90. 


91, 


90. 


92, 


SO, 


91. 


91, 


92. 


91, 


92. 



Joseph G. Hill. 
Theodore Macknett. 
Edvv'd K. Penmngion. 
Adam Turkes. 
Edwin B. Smith. 
Ducius B. Hutchinson. 
James N. Arbuckle. 
John H. Murphy. 
William Hill. 
93, John D. Armitage. 
93, William Harrigan. 
George B. Harrison. 
David A. Bell. 
Edward *4. Keasbey. 
William E. O'Connor. 
Charlese Holzwarih. 
Herman Dehlbach. 
Rush Burgess. 
Frederick S. Fish. 
Henry M. Doremus. 
R. Wayne Parker. 
Augustus F. R. Martin 
Franklin Murphy. 
Charles F. Underhill. 
Henry A. Potter. 
Ellas M. Condit. 
Edwin Lister. 
Jacob Scnreihofer. 
93. John .H. Peal. 
James Peck. 
Charles E. Hill. 
Michael T. Barrett. 
Elvin W. Crane. 
Frank M. McDermltt. 
James Marlatt. 
William Harrigan. 
Thomas McGowan. 
Adrian Rlker. 
DeForrest P. Lozier. 
Augustus Dusenberry. 
Joseph Schmelz. 
James A. Christie. 
John Gill. 
Richard A. Price. 
92. Leonard Kalisch. 
Moses liigelow. 
Reuben Trier. 
Geo. W. Wiedenmayer 
George Rabenstein. 
Thomas H. Pollock. 
Thomas Smith. 
Charles Trefz. 
John J. Bertram. 
Edward H. Snyder. 
Edward W. Jackson. 
John Nleder. 
John R. Hardin. 



♦In 1880, W. H. Brown was unseated by William R. WIl- 
Hams. 

♦♦Mr. Bruemmer was elected for 1882, but died before 
Legislature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



191 





82, 




82, 




92. 




92. 




92. 




92, 


92, 


93. 


93, 


94. 




93, 


93. 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94. 


93. 


94, 




93, 




93, 


93.. 


94. 




93, 




94, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 


94. 


95. 


94, 


95. 


95. 


96. 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96. 


95, 


96. 


95. 


96, 


95, 


96. 




95. 


96, 


97. 


96, 


97. 




96. 


96. 


97. 


97, 


98. 


97, 


98. 


91, 


92, 


45. 


46. 


45. 


46. 


47. 


48. 


47, 


48, 


49, 


50. 




49. 




50. 


51, 


52. 




51, I 




52. ' 




53, 




53, 




54, , 




54, 


55, 


56. , 


55, 


56. , 




57. . 




57. : 


58. 


59. . 


58. 


59. < 


60. 


61. . 




60. • 


60, 


61. * 



Roderick Robertson. 
Ulysi^es B. Brewster. 
Thomas F. Cavanagh. 
James A. Dempsey. 
Benedict Ulrich. 
William L. Giorieux. 
Augustus C. Studer. 
William Harrigan. 
John L. Armitage. 
Joseph P. Clarl<e. 
Joseph M. Byrne. 
Thomas A. Murphey. 
Dennis F. Olvaney. 
William J. Kearns. 
John H. Peal. 
J. Broadhead Woolsey. 
Timothy Barrett. 
Thomas P. Edwards. 
96. Charles B. Duncan. 
John C. Eisele. 
Charles B. Storrs. 
George P. Olcott. 
Amos W. Harrison. 
Alfred F. Skinner. 
James A. Christie. 
George L. Smith. 
David E. Benedict. 
Charles A. Schoher. 
Frederick W. Mock. 
Thomas H. Jones. 
Albert J. Simpson. 
Hayward A. fiarvey. 
James J. Hogan. 
Charles W. Powers. 
George W. W. Porter. 
George W. Ketcham. 



91, Edward M. Taylor. 
97, 98. Edwin F. Steddig. 
97, 98, Alvin C. Ebie. 

97. George B. Harrison. 
97, 98. Jacob Rau, Jr. 

97. 98, Peter B. Fairchild. 

97, 98, Carl V. Bauman. 

98, Joseph B. Johnson. 

98, 99. Albert T. Guenther. 
98, Oliver B. Dawson. 



98. 
99. 



William C. Schmidt. 
John L. Bullard. 



99. 1900. Jacob Clark. 



99. 
99. 
99, 



1900, John W. Weseman. 



1900. John Kreitler. 

1900. Frederick J. Deleot. 
99. 1900. G. F. Brandenburgh. 
99. 1900. William Mungle. 
99. 1900. John N. Klein. 
99, 1900. John P. Dexheimer. 
99. 1901). Beniamin F. Jones. 

1900, George S. Campbell. 

00, 01, 02. J. Henry Bacheller. 
01—03. Wm. B. Garrabrants. 
01—03, John Howe. 

01—03, Robert W. Brown. 
01—03. Ralph B. Schmidt. 
01-03, Edward E. Gnichtel. 
01—03, William G. Sharwell. 
01—03, Edgar Williams. 

01. 02. Fred'k Cummings. 
01—03, Robert M. Bovd. Jr. 
01—03, William A. Lord. 

03, Frederick R. Lehlbach. 
03, Everett Colby. 



Gloucester 



Samuel W. Cooper. 
Benjamin Harding. 
John B. Miller. 
John B. Hilliard. 
John Duell. 
John Burk. 
Thomas Gaskell. 
Benjamin C. Tatem. 
Edmund Weatherby. 
Thomas Mills. 
Jeptha Abbott. 
John V. Parch, 
John Franklin. 
Benjamin Beckett. 
Jacob G. Tomlin. ' 
James B. Albertson. 
John H. Bradway. 
Benjamin Smith. 
John F. Thomas. 
George C. Hewitt. 
John Starr. 
'Joseph Harker. 
•Joseph H. Duffield. 



69- 
69. 
71, 

73, 
73. 
75. 

76. 

77- 
78. 
80. 
80, 



County. 

63, Allen Moore. 
62. Thomas G. Batten. 
. 64. E. C. Heritage. 

65. Nathan S. Abbott. 

66. William D. Wilson. 

67. William W. Clark. 

67. Jacob J. Hendrickson, 

68. Charles T. Molony. 
68. Wm. B. Rosenbaum. 

-71. Nimrod Woolery. 
70. Leonard F. Harding. 
72, John S. Rulon. 
72. John R. Middleton. 
74. Obadiah Eldridge. 

74. D. W .C. Hemmingway 

76. Thomas B. T>odge. 

75. Simeon Warrington. 

77. Samuel Moore. 
-79. Caleb C. Pancoast. 

79. T>awrence Lock. 
81. George Craft. 
81. Thomas M. Ferrell. 
82, Ahijah S. Hewitt. 



♦Mr. Harker died duriner the ."session of 1860, and Mr. 
DufReld was elected to fill the vacancy. 



192 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



83—85, Job S. Haines. 
86, 87, Joseph B. Roe. 
88—90, James West. 
91, 92, James J. Davidson. 



93—96, Solomon H. Stanger. 
97—99, David O. Watkins. 
1900. '01. William P. Buck. 
02, 03, John Boyd Avis. 



Hudson County. 



45, 


46, 


Hart'an VanWagenen 


69, 


70, 




47, 


Benjamin F. Welsh. 




69, 




48, 


Oliver S. Strong. 


69, 


71, 




49, 


Jas. J. Van Boskerck. 


70, 


71, 




50. 


Edward T. Carpenter. 




70. 


51, 


52, 


John Van Vorst. 




70, 




52, 


Edmund T. Parker. 




71, 




52, 


Joseph W. Hancox. 




71. 




53, 


John Dunn Llttell. 




71. 




53. 


James S. Davenport. 




71. 




53, 


Jacob M. V^reeland. 


72, 


73. 




54, 


Clement M. Hancox. 


72. 


73. 




54. 


Aug. F. Hardenbergh. 


72. 


73. 


54, 


55. 


Jacob M. Merseles. 


72, 


73. 




55, 


Dudley S. Gregory, Jr. 


72. 


73. 




55, 


John M. Board. 


72. 


73. 




56, 


John D. Ward. 




72, 




56, 


James T. Hatfield. 




72. 


56, 


57. 


George V. De Mott. 




73. 




57. 


Robert Gilchrist, Jr. 


73, 


74. 


57, 


58, 


Robert C. Bacot. 


74, 


75. 




58. 


William Voorhees. 


74. 


75. 


58- 


-60, 


Garret M. Van Horn. 


74. 


75. 




59, 


Wm. H. Hemenover, 


74—76. 




59, 


Samuel A. French. 




74. 




60, 


W. H. Peckham. 




74. 




60, 


N. C. Slaight. 


74—77. 




61, 


Franklin B. Carpenter 


75, 


76, 




61, 


Theo. F. Randolph. 




75, 


61, 


62. 


Michael J. Vreeland. 




75. 




o;i. 


t^a ward U Keiley. 




76. 


62. 


63, 


George McLaughlin. 




76. 


62. 


63. 


Josiah Conley. 




7(5. 


62. 


63. 


John B. Perry. 


76, 


78. 


62- 


-64. 


Joshua Benson. 


76, 


77, 


63. 


64. 


James Lynch. 


77. 


78. 


63, 


64. 


Garret D. Van Reipen 


77. 


78. 




64. 


John B. Drayton. 


77, 


78. 


64. 


65. 


John Van Vorst. 




77. 


64, 


65. 


Abraham W. Duryee. 




77. 




65. 


Delos E. Culver. 




77. 




65, 


William E. Broking. 




78. 




65. 


Hiram Van Buskirk. 




78. 


65. 


66, 


69. 70. Leon Abbett. 


78, 


79. 


66—68. 


Noah D. Taylor. 


78, 


79. 


66. 


67, 


O D. Falkenburg. 




79. 


66, 


67, 


De Witt C. Morris. 




79. 




66. 


John Ramsav. 




79. 




66. 


rharlpp F. Ruh. 




79. 


67. 


68. 


Hosea F Clark. 


79. 


80. 


67. 


68. 


A. O. Evans. 


79. 


80. 


67. 


68. 


John Dwyer. 


80. 


81. 




68. 


John Van Vorst. 


80. 


81. 


68. 


69, 


Henry C. Smith. 


80. 


81. 


69, 


70, 


Sidney B. Bevans. 


80, 


81, 



James B. Doremus. 
Elbridge V. S. Besson. 
Michael Congan. 
Herman D. Busch. 
Abel I. Smith. 
William Brinkerhcft. 
James F. Fielder. 
John Anness. 
George Warrin. 
Josiah Hornblower. 
George H. p-arrler. 
Dennis Reardon. 
George S. Plympton. 
Henry Gaede. 
Jasper Wandel. 
Anthony J Ryder. 
James Stevens. 
John A. O'Neill. 
John Lee. 

Richard C. Washburn 
Alexander T. McGlU. 
Patrick Sheeran. 
Alexander McDonnell 
John D. Carsrallen. 
Henry Coombs. 
James K. Selleck. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 
John J. Toffey. 
Thomas Carey. 
Edward F. McDonald. 
William A. Lewis. 
Henry Brautlgam. 
Thomas C. Brown. 
Alex. Jocobus. 
Thomas J Hannon. 
Marmaduke Tildf^n. 
Alexander W. Harris. 
Jame? Stevens 
Martin M Dmhan 
Lewis A. Brigham. 
Elijah T. Paxton. 
Dudley S. Steele. 
Edward P. C. Lewis. 
81. T. J. McDonald. 
Henry Dusenberry. 
John Owen Rouse. 
Frank C. Frey. 
G A T>illipndahl. 
John A Tangeman. 
.Tn.cipph Mpeks. 
Samuel W. Stilsing. 
Nr>ah D. Taylor. 
Allan L. McDermott. 
J. Hprbprf Potts. 
James Curran. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



193 



Thomas B. Usher. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
Simeon H. Smith. 
James Moylan. 
Henry Puster. 
John F. Madden. 
William D. Daly. 
Thomas Magner. 
James Tumilty. 
George A. Heaney. 
Timothy J. Carroll. 
Martin Lawless. 
Michael J. Coyle. 
Cornelius J. Tahen. 
John Zeller. 
Ebenezer Berry. 
Max Salinger. 
Henry H. Holmes. 
Hugh A. Kelly. 
Adam J. Dittmar. 
S. V. W. Stout. 
Thomas Egan. 
George W. Harding. 
John Kerr. 

Thomas McEwan, Jr, 
Charles Erlenkotter. 
James Usher. 
William N. Parslow. 
Pierce J. Fleming. 
Henry C. Gruber. 
Richard M. Smart. 
David M. Cagney, 
James F. Blackshaw. 
Henry M. Nutzhorn. 
Frederick Schober. 
Robert McAndrew. 
William E. Drake. 
Carl H. Ruempler. 
John W. Queen. 
John E. Hewitt. 
Edward Hoos. 
Joseph P. Mullin. 
Horace L. Allen. 
Charles T. Bauer. 
Elmer W. Demarest. 
William M. Klink. 
Robert D. Urquhart. 
Isaac F. Goldenhorn. 
William G. Nelson. 
John E. McArthur. 
Theodore C. Wildman. 
Charles M. Evans. 
Clement DeR. Leonard 
William H. Dod. 
William O. Armbruster 
Alexander Simpson. 
Adolph Walter. Jr. 
1900, Allan Benny. 

♦Mr. Short wns elected to a second term of office, but 
he died bpfore the Leeislature met. Mr. Francis was 
chosen for thp varancy. 

13 





81. 


81. 


82, 


80, 


82. 


82. 


83. ' 


82- 


-84. . 


82- 


-84. : 




82, 




82. 




82. ' 




82, : 




82, , 




83. 




83. . 


83- 


-85, ] 


83. 


84, 


83. 


84. 


S3. 


84, 


83. 


84, , 


84. 


85. ( 


84, 


85. I 




84. : 




85. ' 




85. : 




85, , 




85. , 




85. , 




85. ■ 


85. 


86. , 




86. 


86, 


87. : 




86. : 




86, 


86. 


87. . 


86, 


87. ! 




86. ' 


86. 


87, ■ 


86, 


87. : 




87, ■ 


87- 


-90, ■" 


87- 


-89. : 


87, 


88. ■ 




88. . 


R8. 


S9. . 


88. 


89. : 




88. < 


88. 


89. " 




88. ■ 


89. 


92. ■ 




89. : 


89. 


90. : 




89. . 


90. 


91. • 


90. 


91. : 




90. . 




90. . 




90. . 


90. 


91. . 



Patrick Sheeran. 


90, 


91, 


Frederick Payne. 


90- 


-92, 


James J. Casey. 




91, 


David W. Lawrence. 


91, 


92, 


Thomas V. Cator. 




91, 


James C. Clarke. 




91, 


Dennis McLaiighlin. 




91, 


William McAdoo. 




92. 


Robert McCagne. Jr. 




92, 


George H. Farrier. 




92, 


David M. Durrell. 


92- 


-94, 


John O'Rourke. 


92, 


93. 


Peter F. T\''anser. 


92- 


-94, 


John M. Shannon. 


92. 


93. 


Edwin O. Chapman. 


92, 


93. 


Martin Steljes. 


93, 


94. 


Augustus A. Rich. 


93, 


94, 


Frank O. Cole. 




93, 


Joseph T. Kelly. 


93, 


94, 


Cornelius S. See. 




93, 


87. 88. S. D. Difkinson. 




93, 


Michael J. O'Dnnnell 




94, 


Thomas H. Kelly. 




94, 


Isaac Romaine. 




94, 


John W. Heck. 




94, 


James J. Clark. 




94, 


John Wade. 


94. 


95, 


Fred. Frambach, Jr. 


95. 


96, 


John C. Besson. 


95, 


9G. 


R. B. Seymour 




95, 


Philip Tumulty 


95, 


96, 


D. A. Peloubet. 


95, 


96, 


A. B. Dayton. 




95, 


John Pearson. 




95, 


89. R. S Hudsppth 




95, 


T. J. McDonald. 




95. 


Thomas F. Nonnan 




95, 


Edward Lennon 




96, 


Edw'd T Mclvaughlln 




96, 


Wm. C. Heppenheimer 




96, 


John P. Feeney. 




96. 


William H. Lptta. 




96, 


Joseph Oallasrher. 


96. 


98, 


.Tames F Vnrtnn. 


96, 


98, 


Richard Brown. 




97, 


Charles W. Fuller. 




97, 


Edward P. Farrell. 




97, 


*E. Frank Short. 




97, 


Patrick H. O'Neill. 




97, 


Peter T. Donnelly. 




97, 


Laurence Fagan. 




97, 


•Tudson C. Francois. 




97, 


Michael Mullone. 




97, 


Henry Bvrne. 




97. 


.Tames Murphy. 




97. 


James S. Erwin. 




98. 


John F. Kelly. 




98. 


Andrew J. Boyle. 


98, 


99, 



194 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



98, 99, 1900, James J. Murphy. 01, 



98, 99, James P. Hall 
98, 99, Fergus T. Kelaher, 
98, 99, Michael J. Bruder. 
98, 99, John J. Marnell. 

98. 99. 1900, Tim. J. Carroll. 
99—1901, Leon Abbett. 
99—1901, Maurice Marks. 
99—1901, John H. Vollers. 

99, 1900, J. Emil Walscheid. 
1900, '01, P. Anthony Brock. 
00, 01, 02, George G. Tennant. 
00, 01, 02, John J. Fallon. 

00, 01, 02, Edward J. Rice. 

01, 02, John A. Dennin. 



02, Patrick H, Connolly. 
-03, Peter Stillwell. 

02, Kilian V. Lutz. 
03, James A. Hamill. 

02, William F. Hurley. 
03, C. G. A. Schumann. 
03, John J. Treacy. 

03, Frederick Weismann. 

03, Joseph C. Duff. 
03, William D. Kelly. 
03, James F. Fielder. 
03, J. W. Rufus Besson. 
03, Michael J. Cannon. 
03, Edgar H. Loveridge. 
03, Thomas P. McGlennon. 



Huuterdon County. 



45, 48, 
45, 
45, 
45, 
46, 

46, 47. 
46, 47, 
46, 47, 
47—49, 
48, 49, 
48, 49, 
50, 51, 
50, 51, 
50, 51, 
50—52, 
52, 53, 

52, 53, 
52, 

53, 54, 

53, 54, 

54, 55, 

54, 55, 
55, 
55. 

56. 57, 
56, 57, 
56. 57, 
56. 57. 

55. 59. 
58, 59, 
58. 59. 
58, 59, 
60, 61, 
60, 61, 

60, 61, 
60, 

61, 62, 

62, 63, 
62, 64, 



49, Jonathan Pickel. 
John Swackhammer. 
Amos Moore. 
John H. Case. 
Henry Stevenson. 
Isaac R. Srope. 
Joseph Fritts. 
Frederick Apgar. 
John Lambert. 
Andrew Banghart. 
David Van Fleet. 
John Marlow. 
Luther Opdycke. 
William Tinsman. 
John R. Young. 
Peter H. Aller. 
Andrew Vansickle. 
Hiram Bennett. 
John Lambert. 
Samuel H. Britton. 
Lewis Young. 
Peter E. Voorhees. 
Jacob S. C. Pittenger. 
Edward Hunt. 
William Sergeant. 
John M. Voorhis. 
Joseph W. Willever. 
John P. Rittenhouse. 
John H. Horn. 
William Snyder. 
Cornelius B. Sheets. 
Frederick Apgar. 
Charles Denson. 
Ambrose Barcroft. 
D. D. Schomp. 
Thos. Banghart, Jr. 
Jacob H. Huffman. 
S. R. Huselton. 
Joseph W. Wood. 



63, 64, David H. Banghart. 

64, 65, David B. Boss. 

65, 67, William I. Iliff. 

65, 66, James J. Willever. 

66, 67, Richard H. Wilson. 

67, 68, Baltes Pickel. 

68, 69, John Williamson. 
68—70, Theodore Probasco. 

69, 70, John P. Lare. 

70, 71, John Kugler. 

71, 72, Peter Voorhees. 

71, 72, Aug. E. Sanderson. 

73, 74, W. L. Hoppock. 

73, 74. John Carpenter, Jr. 

75, 76. James Bird. 

75. 76. William W. Swayze. 

77, 78, Henry Britton. 

77, 78, John Hackett. 

79, 80, Charles W. Godown. 

79, 80, James N. Ramsey. 

81, 82, George H. Mathews. 

81, 82, Jacob Hipp. 

83, 84, John V. Robbins. 

83, 84, W. Howard Lake. 

85 — 87, John C. Arnwine. 

85—87, Chester Wolverton. 

88—90, William H. Martin. 

88—90. Laurence H. Trimmer 

91, 92, William B. Niece. 

91—93. Benjamin E. Tine. 

93. J. L. Chamberlin. 
94. 95. Charles N. Redding. 
94—96. William C. Alpaugh. 
96—98, David Lawshe. 
97—99, George F. Martens, Jr. 
99—01, Oliver I. Blackwell. 
00, 01. 02. W. A. Laudenberger 

03, James H. Willever. 



Mercer County. 

45, Israel J. Woodward. 48, Samuel C. Cornell, 

45, Richard J. Bond. 49, John R. Dill. 



•Died "In office. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



195 



♦John Lowrey. 
Isaac PuUen. 
John M. Vancleve. 
William White. 
James M. Redmond. 
Josiah Buzby. 
John F. Hageman. 
John H. Phillips. 
Eli Rogers. 
Westley P. Danser. 
William Napton. 
John C. Ward. 
Jeremiah Vandyke. 
Abner B. Tomlinson. 
Elijah L. Hendrickson 
Randal C. Robbins. 
James H. Hill. 
Franklin S. Mills. 
Runey R. Forman. 
James Vandeventer. 
William Jay. 
Garret Schenck. 
Geo. R. Cook. 
Andrew Dutcher. 
Samuel Wooley. 
Jacob Van Dyke. 
Augustus L. Martin. 
Jonathan S. Fish. 
Robert Aitken. 
Ed. T. R. Applegate. 
Joseph Abbott. 
Harper Crozer. 
William S. Yard. 
Morgan F. Mount. 
Geo. W. Johnston. 
John G. Stevens. 
Peter Crozer. 
James G. West. 
James F. Bruere. 
John A. Weart. 
Alex. P. Green. 
Samuel Fisher. 
Thomas Crozer. 
Joseph H. Bruere. 
Charles W. Mount. 
Absalom P. Lanning. 
Thomas J. Corson. 
Thomas C. Pearce. 
John P. Nelson. 
James C. Norris. 
William H. Barton. 
Charles O. Hudnut. 
Liscomb T. Robbins. 
Alfred W. Smith. 
Richard R. Rogers. 
John H. Silvers. 
John N. Lindsay. 



73, 74, Andrew J. Smith. 

74, 75, Geo. O. Vanderbilt. 
75, Samuel M. Youmans. 

75, Robt. S. Woodruff, Jr. 

76, Enoch H. Drake. 
76, John Hart Brewer. 

76, Robert L. Hutchinson, 

77, 78, Horatio N. Burroughs. 

77. William S. Yard. 
77, J. Vance Powers. 

75, 79, 82, Eckford Moore. 

78, 79, John D. Rue. 

79, William Roberts. 

SO, 81, Charles S. Robinson. 
80. 81, Richard A. Donnelly. 
80. 81, John V. D. Beekman. 
82, S3, Nelson M. Lewis. 
82, 83, WMlliam J. Convery. 

53, 84, Joseph H. Applegate. 
-84, 85, A. Judson Rue. 

54, 85, John Caminade. 

85. Benj. F. Chambers. 
86, 87. S. B. Hutchinson. 

80, James C. Taylor, Jr. 

86. William Ossenberg. 

87. Frederick Walter. 

87, George D. Scudder. 
S8, Charles H. Olden. 

88, Josiah Jones. 

88, Lyman Leavitt. 

89, Uriel T. Scudder. 

89. Thomas S. Chambers. 

89, 90, John Schroth. 

90, 91. Jacob R. Wyckoff. 

90. Howell C. Stull. 

91. James H. Mulheron. 

91. 92. Patrick T. Burns. 

92. 93. James W. Lanning. 

92, 93, Barton B. Hutchinson. 

93, Charles G. Roebling. 
94, 95, William L. Wilbur. 
94, 95, John Ginder. 
94. 95, William T. Exton. 
96, 97, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 
9G, 97. Geo. W. Macpherson. 
96. 97, J. Wiggans Thorn. 

98, 99, John B. Yard. 

98, Frank M. Weller. 

99. 99. Henrv J. Nicklin. 
99, 1900, Ira W. Wood. 

1900. '01. J. Warren Fleming. 
1900, '01. Frederick P. Rees. 

01. 02, George W. Page. 

02. 03, Harry D. Leavitt. 
02, 03, Bertrand L. Gulick. 

03, Thomas Colclough, Jr. 



Middlesex County. 

45. 46. Simeon W. Phillips. 49. William A. Gulick. 

45. 46. Ralph C, Stults. 49, 50, James Bishop. 

45, 46, Daniel C. Dunn. 50, Henry Vandyke. 



196 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



45, 46, Charles Abraham. 
47, Garret G. Voorhees. 
47, Theodore F. King. 

47, John A. Davison. 

47, 48, Richard McDowell. 

48, Melancton F. Carman 

48, 49, Lewis S. Randolph. 
48, 49, Aaron Gulick. 

50, Charles Abraham. 

50, Israel R. Coriell. 

51, David Dunn. 
51, Peter F. Dye. 

51, J. B. Johnson. 

51, 52, Robert M. Crowell. 

52, James Applegate. 

52, 53. Josephus Shann. 
53-55, Martin A. Howell. 

53, 54, Abraham Everett. 

54, 55, Samuel E. Stelle. 

55, 56. William Hutchinson. 

56, John T. Jenkins. 

56, 57, Amos Robbins. 

57, Henry Stults. 

57, 58, John D. Buckelew. 
58—60, Ellis B. Freeman. 

58, 59, Garret I. Snrdeker. 

59, Andrew McDowell. 

60, Thomas Booraem. 
60, Elias Dey. 

61. 62, Elias Ross. 

62. 63, James T. Crowell. 
62, Orlando Perrine. 

63. 64. Miles RosP 

63. 64, David B. Wyckoff. 

64, 65. Abraham C. Coriell. 
65—67. 69, 70, Levi D. Jarrard. 

65, James G. Goble. 
66. 67. Nathan H. Tyrell. 
66, 67, John W. Perrine. 

68, Georg-e E. Strong. 
68. 69. Alfred W. Jones. 
68. 69, William M. Cox. 
70, 71. Albert L. Runyon. 

70, George E. Brown. 
71—73, Isaac L. Fischer. 

71, Edward F. Roberts. 
72, 73. Jo.'^eph C. Letson. 

72, Johnston Holcombe. 

73, H. F. ^Vorthington. 

74, John Von Deursen. 



76, 
76. 



74, John F. Ten Broeck. 

74, 75, Joseph C. Magee, Jr. 

75, James H. Van Cleef. 

75, Josephus Shann. 

76, Isaiah Rolfe. 

77, Charles A. Campbell. 
77, Daniel Z. Martin. 

77, John Waldron. 
Tn, 79, Isaac L. Martin. 

75, 79. Patrick Convery. 
78, 79, Vincent W. Mount. 

80, Robert G. Miller. 
80, John M. Board. 

80, 81, Stephen M. Martin. 

81. 82, James H. Van Cleef. 

81, 83, Manning Freeman. 
82, John Adair. 

82, 83, James H. Goodwin. 

83, 84, William R. Jernee. 
81, S5, Edward S. Savage. 
S4, 85, Robert Carson. 

85. 8fi. John Martin 

86, 87, John F. Ten Broeck. 

86, 87, R. R. Vandenbergh. 

87, 88, John Mulvey. 

88, 89. Ephraim Cutter. 
89, Daniel M. Kane. 

88, 89, Charles B. Herbert. 
90, 91, Luther H. Tappen. 
90, 91. William C. Jacques. , 
90, 91, Charles H. Manahan. 
92—94, John W. Beekman. 
92, 93. John H. Daly. 
92, 93, Hezekiah Warne. 

94. William F. Harkins. 
94—96, Andrew H. Slover. 
95, 96, Edward W. Hicks. 
95, 96. George H. Tice. 

97. Alexander C. Litterst. 

97, Jacob H. Whitfield. 

97, James Fountain. 
98, 99. Adam Eckert. 
98. 99. Joseph H. Ridgeway. 
98. 99. John J. Ouaid. 
1900. 01, Adrian Lyon. 
1900, '01, H. Raymond Groves 
00—03. J. E. Montsromery. 

02. Mvron J. Whitford. 
02. 03. W. H. C. Jackson. 

03, Bernard M. Gannon. 



Moninoiith Coiintv. 



45, George F. Fort. 
45—47, Hartshorne Tantum. 

45, 46, Andrew Simpson. 
45 — 47, Joseph B. Coward. 

45, *Jas. H. Hartshorne. 

46. 47, William Vandoren. 
46. 47, John Borden. 



♦Died In office. 



47. Andrew Simpson. 

48, Wlliiam W. Bennett. 
48. Joel Parker. 

48. Ferdinand Woodward. 

48. ^-Samuel Bennett. 
48, Joel W. Avres. 

49, 50, Alfred Walling. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



197 



49, 50, George W. Sutphin, 
49, 50, James D. Hall. 
49, James Hooper. 

49, John B. Williams. 

50, William G. Hooper. 

50, Charles Butcher. 

51, 52, William H. Conover. 
51, 52, Garret S. Smock. 

51, Bernard Connolly. 

52, Charles Butcher. 
51—53, Samuel W. Jones. 

53, Charles Allen. 

53, Daniel P. Van Doren, 
53, 54, Robert Allen. 

54, Forman Hendrickson. 

54, John L,. Corlies. 
51 — 56, Henry E. Lafetra. 

55, John Vandoren. 
55, Thomas B. Stout. 

55, William H. Johnson. 
56, 57, Jacob Herbert. 
56, 57, John R. Barricklo. 
56, 57, Samuel Beers. 
57—59, John V. Conover. 
58, 59, George Middleton. 
58, 59, Richard B. Walling. 
57—60, Austin H. Patterson. 
60, 61, William H. Mount. 

60, 61, James Patterson. 
60, J. J. McNinney. 

61, 62, William V. Ward. 
61, 62, Charles Halght. 

62, George C. Murray. 
63, 65, Michael Taylor. 
63, 64, Osborn Curtis. 
63, 64, David H. Wyckoff. 
65, 66, Daniel A. Holmes. 
65, 66, George Schenck. 

66, William C. Browne. 
67, 68, Charles Allen. 
67, 68, Francis Corlies. 
67, 68. Thomas S. R. Brown. 

69, William H. Conover. 
69, 70, Daniel H. Van Mater. 
69, 70, Andrew Brown. 
70—72, Austin H. Patterson. 

71, William S. Horner. 
71, 72, John T. Haight. 

72. Wm. B. Hendrickson. 
73—75, George W. Patterson. 
73, 74, John B. Gifford. 



73, 74, John S. Sproul. 

75, 76, Chas. D. Hendrickson. 

75, 76, William V. Conover. 

76, 77, James L. Rue. 

77, 78, William H. Bennett. 

77, James H. Leonard. 

78, George J. Ely. 

78, 79, Arthur Wilson. 

79, 80, 87, Sherman B. Oviatt. 

79, 80, 92, 93, John D. Honce. 

80, 81, 87, 88, G. H. Lufburrow 

81, Holmes W. Murphy. 

81, 82, David A. Bell. 

82, 83, Peter Forman, Jr. 

82, Beniamin Griggs. 

83, 84, Alfred B. Stoney. 

83, 84, Thomas G. Chattle. 

84, 85, Charles H. Boud. 

85, William H. Grant. 

85, 86, Frank E. Heyer. 

86, 87, W. S. Throckmorton. 

86, W'illiam Pintard. 
88, 89, Edward B. Potts. 

88, 89, Archibald A. Higgins. 

89, William F. Patterson. 
90, 91, Aaron E. Johnston. 
90, 91, William D. Campbell. 
90, 91, Charles H. Ivins. 
92, 93. John D. Honop 
92, 93, Reuben G. Strahan. 
92, 93, William Taber Parker. 

94, Charles L. Waiters. 

94, 95, David D. Denise. 
94, Richard Borden. 

95, 96, Charles A. Francis. 
95, 96, George B. Snyder. 

96, Alfred Walling. Jr. 

97, William H. Reid. 
97, Oliver H. Brown. 

97, Daniel E. Van Wickle. 
98, 99, Joseph L. Butcher. 
98, 99, Joseph C. Heyer. 
98, 99. B. Drummond WooUey 
1900, '01, Charles R. Snyder. 
1900, '01, Sam'l W. Kirkbride. 
1900, '01. William Hyres. 

02, TVilliam T. Hoffman. 
02, 03, John A. Howland. 

02, Somers T. Champion. 

03. Charles F. McDonald. 
03, Amzi M. Posten. 



Morris 

45, Timothy Kitchel. 
45, 46, Matthias Kitchel. 
45, 46, Henry Seward. 

45, 46, George H. Thompson. 

46, 47, Calvin Howell. 
47, Richard Lewis. 

47, Charles McFarland. 
47, Samuel Hilts. 



County. 

48, 49, Andrew L Smith. 
48, 49, David T. Cooper. 
48, 49, Samuel Van Ness. 
48, 49, Edward W. Whelpley. 

50, John L. Kanouse. 

50, Andrew Cobb. 

50, Freeman Wood. 

50, George H. Thompson. 



198 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



51, Horace Chamberlain. 
51, Jonathan P. Bartley. 
51. Josiah Meeker. 

51. 52, Cornelius B. Doremus. 

52. 53. C. S. Dickerson. 
52, 53, John D. Jackson. 
52, 53, Robert Albright. 

.53, John L. Kanouse. 
54, 55, William P. Conkling. 
54, 55, William Logan. 

54, 55, Aaron Pitney. 
54, Andrew B. Cobb. 

55, 56, Edward Howell. 

56, Wm. M. Muchmore. 

56, 57, William A. Carr. 

56, 57, Daniel Budd. 

57, 58, Benjamin M. Felch. 

57, 58, Kichard Speer. 

58, 59, Lyman A. Chandler. 

58, 59, John Naughright. 

59, A. H. Stansborough. 

59, 60, James H. Ball. 

60, Eugene Ayres. 
60—62, Nelson H. Drake. 
60—62, Nathan Plorton. 

61, William W. Beach. 
01, 62, John Hill. 

62, 63, Jacob Vanatta. 

63, William J. Wood. 
63—65, Jesse Hoffman. 

64, Henry C. Sanders. 
64, 65, John Bates. 

65, Alfred M. Treadwell. 

66, John Hill. 

66, 67, James C. Yawger. 
66, 67, Ellas M. White. 

67, Lewis Estler. 

68, Daniel Coghlan. 
68, George Gage. 

68—70, Jesse M. Sharp. 

69, 70, Theodore W. Phoenix. 

69, 70, Columbus Beach. 
71, 72, Nathaniel Niles. 

Ocean 

51—53, Joel Haywood. 

54, A. O. S. Havens. 
55, 56, William F. Brown. 
57—59, Edwin Salter. 

60, Thomas W. Ivins. 

61, Charles H. Appiegate. 

62, Ephraim Emson. 

63, Edwin Salter. 
64, 65, Jacob Birdsall. 
66, 67, Job Edwards. 

68, 69, G. W. Cowperthwaite. 

70, 71, Albert M. Bradshaw. 

72, Richard B. Parker. 

73, John S. Shultze. 

74, Edward M. Lonan. 
75, 87, 88. 89, J. S. Goble. 



71, 72, W. B. Lefevre. 
71—73, August C. Canfleld, 
73, 74, \V. H. Howell. 
73, 74, Jacob Z. Budd. 
74—76, Elias M. Skellinger. 
75, 76, James C. Youngblood. 
75, 76, Edmund D. Halsey. 
77, Abm. C. Van Duyne. 

77, *Cummins O. Cooper. 
77, 78, C. P. Garrabrant. 

78, Francis J. Doremus. 
78, Joshua S. Salmon. 

79, 80, Charles F. Axtell. 
79, 80, James H. Bruen. 
79, 80, Holloway W. Hunt. 
SI, 82, William C. Johnson. 
81, 82. 91, 92, John F. Post. 
81, 82, Oscar Lindsley. 
83—85, George W. Jenkins. 
83, 84, James H. Neighbour. 
83, 84, Amzi F. Weaver. 
85, 86, John Seward Wills. 

85, 86, Elias C. Drake. 

86, 87, John Norwood. 

87, 88. Samuel S. Lyon. 

87, 88, John R. Pitney. 

88, 89, Carnot B. Meeker. 

89, 90, John Norris. 

89, 90, William S. Nauright. 

90, 91, Jas. Preston Albright. 

91, 92, Ford D. Smith. 

93, Thomas J. O'Brien. 
93, Sylvester Utter. 
94, 95, Charles A. Baker. 

94, 95, William C. Bates. 
96, 97, Charles F. Hopkins. 

96, 97, Joseph B. Righter. 
98—1900, Jacob W. Welsh. 
98, 99, George E. Poole. 
1900. '01, Samuel L. Garrison. 

01, 02, Chas. R. Whitehead. 

02, 03, W^illiam T. Brown. 
03, Thomas J. Hillery. 

County. 

76, Ephraim P. Emson. 

77, Isaac A. Van Hise. 
78—80, Rufus Blodgett. 

81, William H. Bennett. 

82, Clifford Horner. 

83, George T. Cranmer. 

84, Augustus W. Irons. 
85, 86, George G. Smith. 
90—92, Adolph Ernst. 

93, 94, John T. Burton. 

95, 96, Abraham Lower. 

97, 98. Roderick A. Clark. 
09—1901, Courtney C Carr. 

02, George W. Holman, Jr. 

03, William J. Harrison. 



♦In 1878, Cummins O. Cooper was unseated by Joshua 
S. Salmon. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



190 



Passaic 

45, 46. George W. Colfax. 
45, 46, Chileon F. De Camp. 

47, Abm. Prall. 

47, 48, Henry M. Van Ness. 

48, John M. Demarest. 

49, 50, C. S. Van Wagoner. 

49, Oscar Decker. 

50, 51. Thomas D. Hoxsey. 

51, 52, Benjamin Geroe. 

52, J. S. Fayerweather. 

53, J. V. R. Van Blarcom. 

53, Cornelius Van Winkle 
53, 54. Philip Rafferty. 

54, Charles H. May. 
51, 52, 54, John L. Laroe. 

55, William C. Stratton. 

55, William M. Morrell. 
55, 56, John Schoonmaker. 
56—58, Benj. Buckley. 

56, Peter H. W^hritenor. 

57, John J. Brown. 

57, James B. Beam. 

58, Patrick Magennis. 

58, 59. Richard Van Houten. 
59—61, Samuel Pope. 

59. Joel M. Johnson. 

60. Isaac Stagg. 

60, 61, Isaac P. Cooley. 

61, 62, Socrates Tuttle. 
62—66, John N. Terhune. 
62—66, Chandler D. Norton. 

63, Samuel Pope. 
63, 64, Joseph N. Taylor. 

63, 64, Charles F. Johnson. 

64, 65, Aaron Kinter. 

65, 66, Garret Van Wagoner. 
65, 66, Isaac D. Blauvelt. 

67, 68, David Henry. 

67, 68, Joseph R. Baldwin. 
67, E. A. Stansbury. 

68, 69, A. A. Van Voorhees. 
60, 70, Hugh Reld. 

69, 70. 72, C. Hemmlngway. 
70. Henry Hobbs. 

70. Charles P. Gurnee. 
71. 78, 79, John O'Brien. 

71, 72, 75, Robert M. Torbet. 

72, 73, Henry McDanolds. 
73, George Barnes. 

73, 74. Garret A. Hobart. 

74, 75, David Henry. 
74, 7.5, John P. Zeluff. 
76, 77, John W. Griggs. 
76. 77, John Sanderson. 

76, 77, Jos. L. Cunningham. 
78, John Kennell. 



Coviuty. 

78, 79, John H. Robinson. 

79, 80, George W. Conkling. 
SO, 81, Robert B. Morehead. 

80, 81, Thomas B. Vreeland. 

81, Jacob Latus. 

82, Joseph A. Greaves. 
82. 83, Patrick H. Shields. 

82, 83, William F. Gaston. 
82—85, 92, 93, Thomas Flynn. 

83. 84, Clark W. Mills. 
84, William Prall. 

84, Cornelius A. Cadmus. 
85, 86, John Scheele. 
85, 86, De Witt C. Bolton. 
85, 86, George H. Low. 

86, William B. Gourley. 
87, 88. George Law. 

87, John Donohue. 

87, Robert A. Carroll. 
87, 88, 89, James Keys. 

88. James H. Rogers. 

88, Eugene Emley. 

89, John L Holt. 

89, Chas. T. Woodward. 

89, William W. Welch. 
90, 91, John King. 

90, 91. John F. Kerr. 

90, Thomas McCran. 
90, 91, Robert Williams. 

91, Richard Carroll. 
92, 93, Frank Gledhill. 
92. 9.3. 94. Thomas Flynn. 

92, 93, John F. Smith. 

92, James Parker. 

93, 94, John L Holt. 

94, John McKelvey. 

94, William L Lewis. 

95, Samuel Frederick. 
95. 96. James Robertson. 
95. 96. Samuel Bullock. 

95, 96, 97, 99, 1900, John King. 
96—98. Henry W. Gledhllf 
97. Frank Atherton. 

97, Phineas Bridge. 
98, 99, Wood McKee. 
98, 99. John W. Sturr. 

98. .Tobn Donohue. 
99—01, Vivian M. Lewis. 
00—03. Edmund G. Stalter. 

1900. Richard Berry. 

01, 02, Wm. B. Davidson. 
01 — 03, Hiram Keasler. 

02, Raymond Bogert. 

02, 03, Fred. W. VanBlarcom. 

03, George H. Dalrymple. 
03, Anton L. Pettersen. 



Salem County. 

45, David Wiley. 46, Ephralm Carel. 

45. Isaiah Conklyn. 46, Charles Bilderback. 

45, Robert Hewitt. 46, George Remster, 



200 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



47. 

47, 
47, 48, 
4S, 
48, 
49, 
49, 
49, 
50, 
50, 
50, 
51, 
51, 
51, 
52, 
52, 
58, 
53, 
54, 
54, 
55, 
55, 
56, 
56, 
57, 
57—59, 
58, 59, 
60. 61, 
60, 
61, 
62. 
62, 
63, 64, 
63, 
64, 



Joseph M. Springer. 
James Vanmeter. 
Joseph Foster. 
Benj. F. McCollister. 
Joseph R. Chew. 
James H. Trenchard. 
Isaac LipiJlncott. 
John FowJer. 
Charles B. Newell. 
David Sithens. 
Benjamin Kemster. 
Smith Biiderback. 
Charles Benner. 
Harman Klchman. 
Jacob Hitchner. 
John C. L,ummis. 
Nathaniel G. Swing. . 
John Blackwood. 
Isaiah D. Clawson. 
Richard Grier. 
Joshua Thompson. 
John Harris. 
Joseph Kille. 
Samuel Plummer. 
William Beckett. 
Thomas B. Jones. 
Alfred Slmpkins. 
Joshua Bippincott. 
Samuel Habermayer. 
Owen Li. Jones. 
William P. Sumers. 
Samuel D. Miller. 
Joseph W. Cooper. 
Joseph Waddington. 
William N. Hancock. 



65, William Callahan. 

65, 66, A. M. F. V. H. Dickeson 

66, 67, Samuel Garrison. 
67, John S. Newell. 
65i, Henry M. Wright. 

68, 69, Andrew S. Reeves. 

69, 70, Charles F. H. Gray. 

70, David Fvans. 

71, John W. Dickinson. 

71, John Hitchner, 

72, 73, Daniel P. Darrell. 

72, Smith Hewitt. 

73, 74, William Iszard. 

74, 75, William B. Carpenter. 

75, Charles P. Swing. 

76, Richard Coles. 
76—78, Quinion Keasbey. 

77, John S. Elwell. 

78, William C. Kates. 
79—81, Henry Barber. 
79— SI, John T. Garwood. 
82—84, Henry Combs. 

85, 86, Joseph D. Whitaker. 

87, William Newell. 

88, Millard F. Riley. 
89, 90, John C. Ward. 
91, 92, James Strimple. 
93, 94, William Diver. 

95, 90, Charles W. Powers. 
97, 98. Joseph B. Crispen. 

90. Frank Wright. 
1900, '01, Henry J. Blohm. 

02, John Tyler. 

03, Ephraim C. Harris. 



Somerset County, 



45, Peter Voorhees. 64, 65, 

45, Samuel Reynolds. 65, 66, 

45, Peter Kline. 66, 67, 

46, James B. Elmendorf. 67, 
46, 47, Peter T. Beekman. 6S. 69, 

46, Jonathan Cory. 68. 

47—49, Samuel K. Martin. 69—71, 

47-49, F. V. D. V^oorhees. 71, 

48—50, John M. Wyckoff. 72, 73, 

50, 51, 53, John De Mott. 73, 74, 

50, Samuel S. Doty. 74, 75. 

51, Frederick D. Brokaw. 75—77, 

51, 52, Eugene S. Doughty. 76, 77, 

52, Michael R. .Vevius. 78—80. 
53, 54, John H, Anderson. 78—80, 
54—56, John S. Hoagland. 81, 82. 

55, Alvah Lewis. 81, 

56, 57, Cornelius M. Schomp. 83, 84. 

57, Cornelius N. Allen. 85, 86. 

58, 59, Nehemiah V. Steele. 87. 

59, 60, Elisha B. Wood. 88. 

60, 61, 70, J. W. Arrowsmlth. 89. 90. 
61—63, John G. Schenck. 93. 
62, 63, John M. Mann. 94, 95, 



Daniel Corey, 
Rynler A. tSiaats. 
Ralph Davenport. 
Peter A. Voorfteea. 
John J. Bergen. 
Abraham T. Huff. 
John R. Staats. 
James Doty. 
David D. Smalley. 
John G. Schenck. 
William P. Sutphin. 
Joseph H. Voorhees. 
91. 92, Jas. J. Bergen. 
John Ringelmann. 
J. Newton Voorhees. 
William A. Schomp. 
.John L. Oakey. 
Cornelius S. Hoffman. 
John Vetterlein. 
George E. Pace. 
Oscar Conkling. 
Jacob Klotz. 
George H. Cramer. 
Frank W. Somers. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



201 



97, 


98, 


99, 


, 190 




45, 




45, 




45, 




40, 


40, 


47, 


4(3- 


-4S, 


47- 


-41). 


48- 


-5U, 




41), 


50, 


51, 


5M, 


51, 




51, 




52, 


52, 


55, 


52- 


-54, 


53, 


54, 


53, 


54, 




55, 


55- 


-57, 


56- 


-58, 


56- 


-58, 




58, 


59. 


60, 


60, 


61, 




58, 




58, 




59, 


59, 


60, 


60, 


61, 




61, 


62, 


63, 




62, 


63. 


64, 


64, 


65. 




65, 




66. 




66, 




67. 




67, 


6S, 


69, 


68, 


69, 


70, 


71, 




70, 




71, 




72. 


72- 


-74, 


72- 


-74. , 




73, 


74, 


75, 


14. 


75, 


76- 


-78, , 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77 


78- 


-SO, ( 



96, Charles A. Reed. 01, 

Peter V. D. VaiiDoren. 
», Edward E. Cooper. 



02, Henry W. Hoagland. 
Go, Saml. S. Swackhamer. 



Sussex County. 



Absalom Dunning. GO, 61, 

Jesse Bell. 61, 

Timothy H. Cook. 62—64, 

Juhn Hunt. 62, 

Peter Young. 63, 64, 

Thos. D. Armstrong. 65, 

Peter Hoyt. 65—67, 

Jacob Hornbeck, Jr. 66, 67, 

Martin Ryerson. 68-70, 

Guy Price. 68-70, 

William Slmurson. 71, 72, 

Daniel D. Decker. 71. 

George W. CoUver. 75, 76, 

Aaron K. Stinson. 77, 78, 

Timothy E. Shay. 79-81, 

Benjamin Hamilton. 82—84, 

Luther Hill. 85—87, 

James L. Decker. 88—90, 

Daniel D. Gould. 91—93, 

William Smith. 94—96. 

John W. Opdyke. 97, 

Sanford McKeeby, 98, 99, 

Martin Cole. 1901, 

Charles Mackerly. 02, 0;j, 



Daniel D. Decker. 
William Price. 
William H. Bell. 
Thomas N. McCarter. 
Robert Hamilton. 
Samuel Fowler. 
William M. llifC. 
73, 74, F. M. Ward. 
Hiram C. Clark. 
Samuel H. Hunt. 
Lebbeus Martin. 
Peter Smith. 
William Owen. 
George Greer. 
Lewis J. Martin. 
William E. Ross. 
Horatio N. Kinney. 
Andrew J. Bale. 
Jacob Swartwout. 
William P. Coursen. 
Horace E. Rude. 
1900. Elvin E. Smith. 
Theodore M. Roe. 
Lewis S. Hiff. 



Union County. 



Benjamin M. Price. 
Cooper Parse. 
William Stiles. 
Elston Marsh. 
David Mulford. 
Israel O. Maxwell. 
Samuel L. Moore. 
John J. High. 
Noah Woodruff. 
Philip Dougherty. 
Joseph T, Crowell. 
John R. Crane. 
Thomas J. Lee. 
A. M. W. Ball. 
Enos W. Runyon. 
John H. Whelan. 
DeWitt C. Hough. 
75. Ferd. Blancke. 
Albert A. Drake. 
Joseph W. Yates. 
Andrew Dutcher. 
William McKlnley. 
John H. Lufberry. 
Jabez B. Cooley. 
William H. Gil!. 
Ellas B. Pope. 
John Egan. 
Moses P. Cary. 
Benjamin A. Vail. 
George M. Stiles. 



78, Joseph B. Coward. 
79, 8U, Philip H. Vernon. 
79—82, John T. Dunn. 
81, 82, George T. Parrott. 
81—83, Frank L. Sheldon. 
83, 84, Edward J. Byrnes. 
S3, 84, Asa T. Woodruff. 

84, DeWitt C. Hough. 

85, 86. Peter L. Hughes. 
85—87. William H. Corbin. 

85, Jacob Kirkner. 

86, 87, Wm. Chamberlain. 

87, SS, John J. Matthews. 
88— HO, Foster M. Voorhees. 
88—90, John Ulrlch. 

89. 90. Frederick C. Marsh. 
91. 92. John Carroll. 
91—93. George Kyte. 
91—93, Thomas P. Lane. 

93, Timothy M. Kelly. 
94, 95, John N. Burger. 
94, 95, Joseph Cross. 
94, 95, Charles N. Codding. 
96. 97. Henry Clauss. 
96, 97, J. Martin Roll. 
96, 97, William R. Codington 
98, 99, George A. Squire. 
98, 99, Roger F. Murray. 
98. 99. Robert G. Houston. 
1900, '01, Ellis R. Meeker. 



202 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



1900, '01. Chester M. Smith. 

1900, '01, Charles S. Foote. 

02, Frederick Miller. 

Warren 

45, 46, Robert C. Caskey. 

45, Abram Wildrick. 

45, Stephen Warne. 
46—48, Jonathan Shotwell. 
46— 4S, Amos H. Drake. 
47 — 19, Samuel Mayberry. 
49—51, Andrew Ribble. 
49 — 51, Benjamin Fritts. 
50, 51, 53, John Loller. 
52 — 54, John Sherrer. 
52—54, David V. C. Crate. 

52, John Cline. 
54—56. George H. Beatty. 
55—57, Archibald Osborn. 
55—57, John White. 
57—59, Isaac Leida. 
58, 59, William Feit. 

58, Abm. S. Van Horn. 
59—61, Robert Rusling-. 
60—62, John C. Bennett, 

60, Philip Shoemaker. 
61, 63, David Smith. 
62—64, William W. Strader. 
63—65, Elijah Allen. 
64—66, Charles G. Hoagland. 
65, 66, Silas Young. 
66—68. Andrew J. Fulmer. 
<^7. 68, John N. Givens. 
67—69, Nelson Vliet. 



02, 03. William Newcorn. 
02. 0.i, William F. Hall. 
03, Edward S. Coyne. 

County. 

69—71, Absalom B. Pursell. 
09-71. Caleb H. Valentine. 
70—72. William Silverthorn. 
72—74. Valentine Mutchler. 
73 — 75. Joseph Anderson. 

75, John M. Wyckoff. 

76, William Carpenter. 
76—78, Elias J. Mackey. 
77—79, Silas W. De Witt. 
79—81. Coursen H. Albertson. 
SO— 82, William Fritts. 

82. Robert Bond. 
83—85. Stephen C. Larison. 
83—85. Isaac Wildrick. 

86. Thomas L. Titus. 
86, 87, William M. Baird. 
87—89, Samuel B. Mutchler. 
88-91. Eliphalet Hoover. 
90—92, Daniel W. Hagerty. 
92—94. L. Milton Wilson. 

93, Richard H. Sheppard. 
94, 95. Samuel V. Davis. 

95, George W. Smith. 
96—98, Alfred L. Flummerfelt. 
96— 9S, William K. Bowers, 
99—1901, Hiram D. White. 
99—1901, Jacob B. Smith. 

02, William R. Laire. 

03. John A. W^ildrick. 



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 203 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION 
OF NEW JERSEY. 

PROPOSED BY THE LEGISI-ATURE OF 1902. 



Be it resolved by the Senate (the House of Assembly con- 
curring-) that the following amendments to the constitution 
of this state be, and the same are hereby proposed, and 
when the same shall be agreed to by a majority of mem- 
bers elected to the Senate and House of Assembly, the 
said amendments shall be entered on their journals, with 
the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred to the leg-is- 
lature next to be chosen, and shall be published for three 
months previous to the first Tuesday after the first Mon- 
day of November next (being the fourth day of said 
month), in at least one newspaper of each county, if any 
be published therein, the said newspapers to be desig^nated 
by the president of the Senate, the speaker of the House of 
Assembly and the secretary of state. 

ARTICLE v.— EXECUTIVE. 

1. Insert in lieu of paragraph 10, a new paragraph, as fol- 
lows: 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, ihe chancellor and the attorney-g^eneral, or two of 
them of whom the governor, or person administering- the 
government, shall be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, 
and grant pardons, after conviction, in all cases except im- 
peachment. 

ARTICLE VI.— JUDICIARY. 

1. Insert in lieu of Section 11, a new section, as follows: 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of a chief 
judge and four associate judges, or any four of them. 

2. In case any judge of said court shall be disqualified to 
sit in any cause, or shall be unable for the time being- to 
discharge the duties of his office, whereby the whole num- 
ber of judges capable of sitting- shall be reduced below 
four, the governor shall designate a justice of the supreme 
court, the chancellor or a vice-chancellor, to discharge 
such duties until the disqualification or inability shall 
cease. 



204 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 

3. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

4. When a writ of error shall be brought, any judicial 
opinion in the cause, in favor of or against any error com- 
plained of, shall be assigned to the court in writing; when 
an appeal shall be taken from an order or decree of the 
court of chancery, the chancellor or vice-chancellor mak- 
ing such decree or order shall inform the court in writing 
of his reasons therefor. 

5. The jurisdiction heretofore exercised by the suprenie 
court by writ of error shall be exclusively vested in the 
court of errors and appeals; but any writ of error pend- 
ing in the supreme court at the time of the adoption of this 
amendment shall be proceeded upon as if no change had 
taken place. 

Section IV. 

1. Insert in lieu of paragraph 1, a new paragrah, as fol- 
lows: 

1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor and 
such number of vice-chancellors as shall be provided by 
law, each of whom may exercise the jurisdiction of the 
court; the court shall make rules governing the hearing 
of causes and the practice of the court, where the same is 
not regulated by statute. 

Section "V. 

1. At the end of paragraph 1, add the following: 
The court may sit in divisions at the same or different 
times and places. 
Strike out paragraph 3. 

Section VI. 

1. Insert in lieu of paragraphs 1 and 2, the following: 
The court of common pleas shall be constituted and held 
in each county in such manner as may be provided by law. 

ARTICLE VII.— CIVIL OFFICERS. 
Section II. 

1. Insert in lieu of paragraph 1, a new paragraph, as fol- 
lows: 

1. Judges of the court of errors and appeals, justices of 
the supreme court, the chancellor, the vice-chancellors and 
the judges of the circuit court and of the court of common 
pleas shall be nominated by the governor and appointed 



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 205 

by him with the advice and consent of the Senate; all per- 
sons now holding any office in this paragraph named, ex- 
cept the judges of the court of errors and appeals as here- 
tofore existing, shall continue in the exercise of the duties 
of their respective offices according to their respective com- 
missions or appointments; the judges of the court of errors 
and appeals, except those first appointed; the justices of 
the supreme court, the chancellor and the vice-chancellors 
shall hold their offices for the term of seven years, and 
shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compen- 
sation which shall not be diminished during the term ot 
their appointments; and they shall hold no other office 
under the government of this state or the United States; 
the judges of the court of errors and appeals first ap- 
pointed shall be appointed, one for three years, two for Ave 
years and two for seven years; judges of the court of com- 
mon pleas shall hold their offices for the term of five years. 
Strike out paragraph 2. 



206 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



The following is a list of the titles of newspapers pub- 
lished in the State of New Jersey; town and county where 
published; time of publication; political or special charac- 
ter, and names of editors and publishers: 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

DER PILOT (German).— Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. H. Mass & Co., publishers. 
H. Mass, editor. 

DER BEOBACHTER (German).— Egg Harbor City. Week- 
ly, on Saturday. Democratic. Wilhelm Mueller, pub- 
lisher. 

DEUTSCHER HEROLD (German).— Egg Harbor City. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. George F. Breder. 

FORTSCHRITT (German).— Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Fortschritt Publishing Company. 

SOUTH JERSEY REPUBLICAN.— Hammonton Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republica.n. Hoyt & Son, publishers. 

ATLANTIC REVIEW.— Atlantic City. Daily, every morn- 
ing except Sunday, and Weekly on Saturday. Repub- 
lican. J. G. Shreve, editor and proprietor. 

ATLANTIC TIMES-DEMOCRAT, STAR GAZETTE.— At- 
lantic City. Weekly, on Thursday. Democratic. Daily 
Union Printing Co. J. F. Hall, editor and manager. 

ATLANTIC CITY DAILY PRESS.— Atlantic Ciy. Daily, 
every morning, except Sunday. Republican. Walter 
E. Edge, publisher and proprietor. 

MAYS LANDING RECORD.— Mays Landing. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. E. C. Shaner, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

DAILY UNION.— Atlantic City. Every afternoon, except 
Sunday. Daily Union Printing Co. J. F, Hall, editor 
and manager. 

SUNDAY GAZETTE.— Atlantic City. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Republican. William McLaughlin, editor and propri- 
etor. 

WEEKLY PRESS.— Pleasantville. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Hugh Collins, proprietor. 

FREIE PRESSE (German).— Atlantic City. Weekly, on 
Friday. Carl Voelker, publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 207 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

BERGEN COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Hackensack. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. Henry D. Winton, editor. 
Bergen County Democrat Publishing Co., publisher. 

THE HACKENSACK REPUBLICAN.— H ackensack. 
Weekly, on Thursda3^ Republican. Eugene K. Bird, 
editor and publisher. 

THE BERGEN INDEX.— Hackensack. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. S. E. Clapp. 

THE RECORD.— Hackensack. Evening. Republican. 
Caleb Van Husen Whicbeck, editor and proprietor. 

CARLSTADT FREIE PRESSE (German).— Carlstadt. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 

THE ENGLEWOOD TIMES.— Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Democratic. 

THE ENGLEWOOD PRESS.— Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Joseph H. Tillotson, editor and 
proprietor. 

RECORD.— Tenafly. Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. 
J. Z. Demarest, editor. 

THE NEWS.— Ridgewood. Weekly, on Friday. F. A. 
Baxter, publisher. 

THE PARK RIDGE LOCAL.— Park Ridge. Published 
weekly, on Wednesday. James B. H. Storms and John 
C. Storms, editors and proprietors. 

RUTHERFORD AMERICAN.— Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. John E. Tyler, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE ENTERPRISE.— East Rutherford. Weekly, or 
Wednesday. Republican. The Petrie Press, publisher. 

THE SENTINEL.— Fort Lee. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. J. N. Race, publisher. 

THE NEWS-LETTER.— Hasbrouck Heights. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Alonzo Chamberlain, editor and publisher. 

RIDGEFIELD PARK BULLETIN.— Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. J. E. Hoey, editor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY MIRROR.— Mount Holly. Weekly, on 

Wednesday. Republican. Charles H. Folwell, editor 

and proprietor. 
THE MOUNT HOLLY HERALD.— Mount Holly. Weekly, 

on Saturday. Democratic. William B. Wills, editor. 
NEWS.— Mount Holly. Weekly, on Tuesday. Republican. 

H. L. Walters, George W. Hand and Joseph C. Kingdon, 

publishers. J. C. Kingdon, editor. 



208 NEW JERSKY NEWSPAPERS. 

EURI.INGTON COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Mount Holly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. William R. Stack- 
house, editor. 

BURLINGTON GAZETTE.— Burlington. Daily and weekly. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Daily, in the afternoon. Demo- 
cratic. James O. Glasgow, proprietor. Dr. R. B. Glas- 
gow, editor and publisher. 

THE NEW JERSEY ENTERPRISE.-Burlington. Daily, 
in the afternoon, and weekly, on Saturday. Republi- 
can. Enterprise Publishing Co., proprietors. 

BORDENTOWN REGISTER.— Bordentown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. James D. Flynn, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

BEVERLY BANNER.— Beverly. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. L. W. Perkins, editor and proprietor. 

MOORESTOWN CHRONICLE.— Moorestown. Weekly, on 
Thursdaj'. Independent. W. J. Lovell, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY PRESS.— Riverside. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. Hiram D. Torrie & Bro., 
editors and proprietors. 

THE REPUBLICAN.— Moorestown. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Charles Laessle, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE NEW ERA.— Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Riverton and Palmyra. Walter L. Bowen, publisher. 
J. D. Janney, M.D., editor. 

THE WEEKLY NEWS.— Palmyra. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. C. F. Sleeper, editor and proprietor. 

THE CENTRAL RECORD.— Marlton. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Heister Clymer, editor. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

WEST JERSEY PRESS.— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sinnickson Chew & Sons' Company, pub- 
lishers and proprietors. 

THE CAMDEN DEMOCRAT.— Camden. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. C. S. Magrath, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

CAMDEN POST-TELEGRAM.— Camden. Daily, in the 
afternoon. Republican. Post-Telegram Co., proprie- 
tors. Upton S. Jefferys, editor. F. F. Patterson, Jr., 
manager. 

THE COURIER.— Camden. Daily, in the afternoon. Re- 
publican. Courier Publishing Association, proprietors. 

CAMDEN REVIEW.— Camden. Daily. Democratic. 
Estate of Harry B. Paul. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 209 

NEW JERSEY GAZETTE.— Camden. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. A. C. Graw, editor and publisher. 

ATLANTIC COAST GUIDE.— Camden. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. T, F. Rose, edi'-or and proprietor. 

CAMDEN COUNTY JOURNAL (German).— Camden. 
Weekly, on Friday. Louis Hoeller, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

ECHO.— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. Religious. A. A. 
Holt, editor and proprietor. 

ADVERTISER.— Gloucester City. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. William D. Jenkins, editor and publisher. 

HERALD AND TIMES.— Atco. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. M. J. Skinner, publisher. 

THE TRIBUNE.— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Saturday. Re- 
publican. W. G, Taylor, editor and publisher. 

STOCKTON TIMES.— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
John J. Tischner, publisher. 

EAST SIDE PRESS.— Camden. Weekly, on Thursday. 
George Carpenter Connor, editor and publisher. 

MERCHANTVILLE TIMES.— Merchantville. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Williara J. Paul, editor and publisher. 

HADDON GAZETTE.— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Friday. 
Clymer Brothers, publishers. Allen Clymer, editor. 

SOUTH JERSEY STAR.— Laurel Springs. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Thomas B. Delker, editor and publisher. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

STAR OF THE CAPE.— Cape May City. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday, during the whole year, and Daily during July 
and August. Republican. Star of the Cape Publishing 
Co., proprietors. Aaron W. Hand, editor. 

CAPE MAY WAVE.— Cape May City. Weekly, on Satur- 
day, during the whole year, and Daily during July and 
August. Democratic. Richard B. Gilpin Gai'dner, edi- 
tor. James H, Edmunds, publisher. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY GAZETTE. -Cape May Court 
House. Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. Alfred 
Cooper, editor and publisher. 

SENTINEL.— Ocean City. Weekly, on Thursday. Repub- 
lican. R. Curtis Robinson, editor and proprietor. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY TIMES.-Sea Isle City. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. James T. Chapman, editor 
and proprietor. 

FIVE MILE BEACH JOURNAL.— Wildwood. Independ- 
ent. Weekly, on Thursday. Jed Dubois, editor and pro- 
prietor. 
H 



210 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

OCEAN CITY LEDGER.— Weekly, on Saturday. Prohibi- 
tion. Ocean City Ledger Publishing Co., proprietors. 
Rev. W. K. Fisher, editor. C. Burtnett, business 
manager. 

FIVE MILE BEACH SUN.— Wildwood. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Republican. T. C. Hamilton. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

BRIDGETON CHRONICLE.— Bridgeton. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Chronicle Printing Co., pub- 
lishers. 

DAILY CHRONICLE.— Bridgeton. Democratic. John B. 
Clevenstine, editor. The Chronicle Printing Co., pub- 
lishers. 

BRIDGETON PIONEER.— Bridgeton. Daily and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. George W. Mc- 
Cowan, editor and publisher. 

NEW JERSEY PATRIOT.-Bridgeton. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. John Cheeseman, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

BRIDGETON EVENING NEWS.— Bridgeton. Republican. 
Evening News Company, publishers. J. W. Richardson, 
editor and manager. 

DOLLAR WEEKLY NEWS.— Bridgeton. Independent. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Evening News Company, pub- 
lishers. 

WEEKLY INDEPENDENT.— Vineland. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Populist. J. J. Streeter, editor and publisher. 

THE EVENING JOURNAL.— Vineland. Afternoon. Dem- 
ocratic. B. Franklin Ladd, editor. 

MILLVILLE REPUBLICAN.— Millville. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. J. B. Rumbf, editor and publisher. 

MILLVILLE REPORTER.— Daily. Republican. J. B. 
Rumbf, editor and publisher. 

THE VINELAND NEWS.— Vineland. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. Vineland News Company, proprie- 
tors. 

EVERY SATURDAY AND REPUBLICAN.— Vineland. 
Weekly. Republican. Charles F. Graff, publisher. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

NEWARY DAILY ADVERTISER.-Newark. Afternoon. 
Independent. Advertiser Publishing Co., proprietors. 
C. Albert Gasser, managing editor. W. H. Turner, bus- 
iness manager. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 211 

NEWARK EVENING NEWS AND NEWARK SUNDAY 
NEWS. — Afternoon. Independent. Evening News 
Publishing- Co. Wallace M. Scudder, editor and pub- 
lisher. 
NEW JERSEY FREIE ZEITUNG ((3lerman).— Newark. 
Daily, also Sunday edition. Republican. Mrs. B. Prieth, 
proprietress. Frederick Kuhn, editor. Benedict Prieth, 
business manager. 
SUNDAY CALL.— Newark. Weekly, on Sunday. Inde- 
pendent. The Newark Printing and Publishing Co., 
publishers. G. Wisner Thorne, president and treasurer; 
C. G. VanGorden, secretary; William T. Hunt, G. Wis- 
ner Thorne and Louis Hannoch, directors. William T. 
Hunt, editor. 
SENTINEL OF FREEDOM.— Newark. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Published at the Daily Advertiser Office, 
DER ERZAHLER (German).— Newark. Sunday edition 
of New Jersey Freie Zeitung. Weekly, on Sunday. Re- 
publican. Published at the New Jersey Freie Zeitung 
Office. 
NEWARK PIONEER (German).— Newark. Weekly. In- 
dependent. F. E. Adler & Co., publishers. 
TOWN TALK.- Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Illus- 
trated Politico-social. T. E. Burke ana Herman E. L. 
Beyer, editors and publishers. 
THE JERSEY GUARDSMAN.— Newark. Monthly. De- 
voted to the interests of the National Guard of New 
Jersej^ Fifty cents a year. The Guardsman Publish- 
ing Co. Captain C. Albert Gasser and Lieutenant 
Charles J. Allen, editors and managers. 
NEW JERSEY TRADE REVIEW.— Newark. Semi- 
monthly. Commercial. Paul V. Flynn, editor and pub- 
lisher. 
RAILROAD EMPLOYEE.— Newark. Monthly. B. E. 

Chapin, editor and publisher. 
THE NEWARK LEDGER.— Newark. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Democratic. M. J. O'Connor, proprietor. 
LA MONTAGNA (THE MOUNTAIN) (Italian).— Repub- 
lican. Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. P. A. Fiore, 
editor. 
THE ORANGE CHRONICLE.— Orange. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. Frank W. Baldwin, editor. 
Orange Chronicle Publishing Co., publishers. 
THE ORANGE JOURNAL.— Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. Edgar Williams, editor. Orange 
Journal Publishing Co., publishers. 



212 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE ORANGE ADVERTISER.— Orange. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. F. C. Shann, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

ORANGE VOLKSBOTE (German).— Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Democratic. Ernest Temme, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

EAST ORANGE GAZETTE.— East Orange. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Charles Starr, East Orange 
Gazette Publishing Co., proprietors. 

EAST ORANGE RECORD.— East Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. L. C. Gilles, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

SOUTH ORANGE BULLETIN.— South Orange. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Republican. Edgar Williams, editor. 

THE BLOOMFIELD CITIZEN.— Bloomfield. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. William A. Ritscher, Jr., editor 
and proprietor. 

MONTCLAIR TIMES.— Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. 
A. C. Studer, editor and publisher. 

THE MONTCLAIR HERALD.— Montclair. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Francis Leon Chrisman, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

ITEM.— Short Hills. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Gibbs & Wright, editors and publishers. 

THE CALDWELL NEWS.— Caldwell. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. C. M. Harrison, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

NEWS. — Irvington. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Irvington News Publishing Co., editors and publishers. 

ESSEX COUNTY NEWS.— Nutley. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Established 1892. Parker Norton, editor. Essex County 
News Publishing Co., publishers. 

SUN.— Nutley. Weekly, on Friday. Established 1895. 
James D. Foy, publisher. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

THE CONSTITUTION.— Woodbury. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Louis W. Albright, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEMOCRAT. — Woodbury. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Democratic. J. D. Carpenter, 
editor and publisher. 

WEEKLY ITEM.— Newfield. W^eekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. A. C. Dalton, editor and publisher. 

ENTERPRISE.— Glassboro. Weekly, on Saturday. Re- 
publican. A. M. Seabrook, editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 213 

SWEDESBORO NEWS.— Swedesboro. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. George W. Pither, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

PAULSBORO PRESS.— Paulsboro. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. E. L. Leonard, editor and publisher. 

WOODBURY DAILY TIMES.— Woodbury. Daily, except 
Sunday. Independent. Hawn & Wilson, editors and 
publishers. 

REPORTER.— Clayton. Weekly, on Wednesday. Inde- 
pendent. Bowen, editor and publisher. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 

THE EVENING JOURNAL.— Jersey City. Afternoon. 
Republican. Evening Journal Association, proprietors. 
Elbert Rappleye, editor. Joseph A. Dear, business man- 
ager. 

JERSEY CITY HERALD AND GAZETTE.— Jersey City. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. Jersey City Herald 
Publishing Company, proprietors. Robert Langdon 
McDermott, editor. 

JERSEY CITY DEMOCRAT.— Jersey City. Weekly. Dem- 
ocratic. Robert Davis, proprietor. 

THE CHRONICLE.— Jersey City. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Chronicle Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE JERSEY CITY NEWS.— Jersey City. Afternoon. 
Democratic. James Luby, editor. The City Publishing 
Company, publishers. 

THE MIRROR.— Jersey City. Weekly. Independent. 
Abraham Lincoln Graham, editor. 

THE OBSERVER.— Hoboken. Afternoon. Democratic. 
Hoboken Printing and Publishing Company, publishers. 
Thomas McKeon, editor. 

THE INQUIRER AND REPUBLICAN.— Hoboken. Week- 
ly, on Saturday. Independent. Republican Printing and 

Publishing Company, proprietors. John R. Havens, 
editor. 

WACHT AM HUDSON (German).— Hoboken. Afternoon. 
H. E. Schneider & Co., publishers and editors. 

[They also publish the BELLES-LETTRES JOUR- 
NAL, NEWS FROM GERMANY, SAXON JOURNAL 
and NEW PRUSSIAN GAZETTE, and RUNDSCHAU, 
weekly German journals.] 

LIGHT.— Hoboken. Evangelical. Monthly. Rev. Henry 
T. Beatty, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, 
editor. 

DEMOCRAT (German).— Hoboken. Weekly, on Saturday. 
William Faas, publisher. 



214 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

BAYONNE HERALD.— Bayonne. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. H. C. Page, edi'or and publisher. 

BAYONNE TIMES-STANDARD.— Bayonne. Daily. Re- 
publican. W. M. Park, editor. J. T. R. Proctor, pub- 
lisher. 

BAYONNE DEMOCRAT.— Bayonne. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Michael R. Freel, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DISPATCH.— Union Hill. Daily. 
Democratic. 

KEARNY RECORD.— Harrison. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. Philip A. McAviney, editor and proprietor. 

KEARNY OBSERVER.— Arlington. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. J, E. Beckwith, editor and proprietor. 

WEST HUDSON PRESS.— Kearny. Formerly the KEAR- 
NY REPUBLICAN. Weekly, on Saturday. Independ- 
ent. L. E. Travis, editor. Kearny Publishing Co., pro- 
prietors. 

HUDSON COUNTY REVUE (German).— Union Hill. Dem- 
ocratic. Weekly. Michel & Rank, publishers. 

THE REPORTER.— West Hoboken. Weekly. Independ- 
ent. John H. Leonard, editor. 

NORTH HUDSON WORLD.-Union Hill. Weekly. Demo- 
cratic. J. W. Block, editor. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY DEMOCRAT. — Flemington. 
Weekly, on Tuesday. Democratic. Anthony Killgore, 
editor and manager. 

DEMOCRAT-ADVERTISER.— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. H. M. Voorhees, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

HUNTERDON REPUBLICAN.— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. William G. Callis, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE BEACON.— Lamberlville. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Phineas K. Hazen, editor and publisher. 

THE LAMBERTVILLE RECORD.— Lambertville. Week- 
ly, on Wednesday. Republican. Clark Pierson, editor 
and publisher. 

DEMOCRATIC WAGE-WORKER.— Lambertville. Dem- 
ocratic. Weekly. John Kearns, publisher. 

THE CLINTON DEMOCRAT.— Clinton. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. John and William H. Carpen- 
ter, editors and publishers. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 215 

HUNTERDON INDEPENDENT.— Frenchtown. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. John R. Hardon, editor ana 
publisher. 

THE STAR.— Frenchtown.' Weekly, on Wednesday. Inde- 
pendent. William H. Sipes, editor and publisher. 

MILFORD LEADER.— Milford. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. W. H. Farrand, proprietor. 

THE AVALANCHE.— Glen Gardner. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. E. W. Rush, editor and publisher. 

THE HUNTERDON GAZETTE.— High Bridge. Weekly. 
Republican. High Bridge Printing- Company, propri- 
etor. 

WEEKLY REVIEW.— White House Station. George W. 
Shampanore, publisher. 

THE STOCKTON ADVANCE.— Stockton. Weekly. T. G. 
Kitchen, publisher. 

AMERICAN GAME - KEEPER.— Woodglen. Weekly. 
Poultry. A. L. Shampanore, editor and publisher. 

MERCER COUNTY. 

STATE GAZETTE.— Trenton. Daily and Weekly. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Republican. The John L. Murphy Pub- 
lishing Co., proprietors. Thomas Holmes, editor. 

TRUE AMERICAN.— Trenton. Daily and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. Joseph L. Naar, edi- 
tor and proprietor. 

THE TRENTON EVENING TIMES. Trenton. Afternoon 
and Weekly. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent Re- 
publican. Trenton Times Co-j publishers. 

THE NEW JERSEY STAATS JOURNAL (German).- 
Trenton. Semi-weekly. Republican. Ernest C. Stahl, 
editor and proprietor. 

SUNDAY ADVERTISER.— Trenfon. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Independent. Advertiser Publishing Co., editors and 
proprietors. 

AMERICAN POTTERS' JOURNAL.— Trenton. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Labor. John D. McCormick, editor and 
proprietor. 

TRADES UNION ADVOCATE.— Trenton. Weekly, Fri- 
day. Labor. Reuben Forker, editor and publisher. 

THE TRENTON COURIER.— Trenton. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Independent Democrat. John Briest, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE TRENTON DEUTSCHE ZEITUNG (German).— 
Trenton. Weekly. Republican. Otto Erdlen, editor 
and publisher. 



21G NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

HIGHTSTOWN GAZETTE.— Hightstowri. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Thomas B. Appleget, pub- 
lisher. Fred. B. Appleget, editor. 

HIGHTSTOWN INDEPENDENT.— Hightstown. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Independent. R. M. J. Smith, editor and 
proprietor. 

PRINCETON-HIGHTSTOWN SIGNAL-ENTERPRISE.— 
Princeton. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. Her- 
bert E. Shaffer and Richard D. Norton, editors and 
publishers. 

PRINCETON PRESS.— Princeton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. C. S. Robinson & Co., editors and pub- 
lishers. 

THE DAILY PRINCETONIAN.— Princeton. Published 
daily, except Sundays, during the college year. Devoted 
to the interests of Princeton University. Edited by stu- 
dents. 

THE HOPEWELL HERALD.— Hopewell. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Independent. C. E. Voorhees, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE PENNINGTON POST.— Pennington. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday. W. B. R. Mason, publisher 
and proprietor. T, D. Durling, editor. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

THE HOME NEWS.— New Brunswick. Every afternoon, 
except Sunday. Independent. Hugh Boyd, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE WEEKLY HOME NEWS.— New Brunswick. Pub- 
lished every Thursday' afternoon. Independent. Arthur 
H. Boyd, editor. 

DAILY PRESS.— New Brunswick. Morning. Republican. 
New Brunswick Publishing Co. William B. Prickitt, 
editor and manager. 

THE TIMES.— New Brunswick. Afternoon and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. The Times Pub- 
lishing Co., publishers. Francis W. Daire, editor. 

THE RECORD.— New Brunswick. Weekly. Republican. 
Robert Rastall, editor and manager. 

THE ENTERPRISE.— New Brunswick. Weekly. Demo- 
cratic. Edward W. Canse, editor and proprietor. 

THE CHRONICLE.— Perth Amboy. Daily. Perth Amboy 
Publishing Co., publishers. James S. Wight, editor. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Perth AmDoy. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. St. George Kemp- 
son, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 217 

THE REPUBLICAN.— Perth Amboy. Daily and weekly. 

Republican. American Publishing Co. (C. W. Boynton, 

president), publishers. Misses Louise and Georgia 

Boynton, editors. , „. , , 

PERTH AMBOY CITIZEN.— Perth Amboy. Weekly, on 

Saturday. Democratic. William" P. O'Hara, editor. 

FOLKEBLAD (Danish - Norweigen).— Perth Amboy. 
Weekly. Independent. J. P. Holm, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

WEEKLY REGISTER.— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. R. D. Uhler, editor and publisher. 

THE NEWS.— Woodbridge, Weekly. Woodbridge News 
Publishing- Co., proprietors. Fred Tyrrell, editor. 

THE RECORDER.— Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. S. B. D. Prickitt, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE INQUIRER.— Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. Dem- 
ocratic. Metuchen Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE RECORD.— Jamesburg. Weekly, on Saturday. Inde- 
pendent. E. S. Hammell, editor and publisher. 

THE ADVANCE.— Jamesburg. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Printed and published by the New Jersey State Reform 
School. 

THE CITIZEN.— South Amboy. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. M. N. Roll, editor and publisher. 

THE PRESS.— Cranbury. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. George W. Burroughs, editor and proprietor. 

THE DUNELLEN WEEKLY CALL.— Dunellen. Weekly, 
on Thursday. George W. Day, proprietor. 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

THE MONMOUTH INQUIRER.— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Maxey Applegate, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONMOUTH DEMOCRAT.— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Joseph A. Yard, editor and 
manager. 

THE TRANSCRIPT.— Freehold. Weekly, on Friday. Dem- 
ocratic. Moreau Bros. (Alex. L. Moreau), publishers 
and proprietors. 

NEW JERSEY STANDARD.— Red Bank. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. Frank Hawkins, publisher. 

RED BANK REGISTER.— Red Bank. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. John H. Cook, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT ENTERPRISE.— Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. Fred F. Armstrong, editor and proprietor, 



218 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

KEYPORT W^EEKLY.— Keyport. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. E. D. Pet ys, editor and proprietor. 

THE LONG BRANCH RECORD.— Long Branch. Daily 
and weekly, on Friday. Independent-Democratic. F. 
M. Taylor Publishing- Company. 

LONG BRANCH TIMES-NEWS.— Long Branch. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. Holmes A. Wheeler, publisher. 

THE LONG BRANCH PRESS.— Long Branch. Weekly. 
Independent. 

CITY JOURNAL.— Long Branch City. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. D. H. Van Brunt, publisher. 

THE TAXPAYER AND WORKINGMAN.— Long Branch. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Joseph A. Poole, editor. 

THE MAT AW AN JOURNAL.— Matawan. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican, Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor 
and proprietor. 

THE JOURNAL.— Asbury Park. Daily and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. The Journal Com- 
pany, proprietors. 

THE SHORE PRESS.— Asbury Park. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. J. L. Kinmonth, publisher and pro- 
prietor. 

THE DAILY PRESS.— Asbury Park. Daily. J. L. Kin- 
month, publisher and proprietor. 

THE DAILY SPRAY.— Asbury Park. Afternoon, June. 
July and August. Howard D. Le Roy, publisher and 
proprietor. 

OCEAN GROVE TIMES.— Ocean Grove. W^eekly, on Sat- 
urday. Republican. J. E. Quinn, editor. E. N. Wool- 
ston, manager. 

OCEAN GROVE RECORD.— Ocean Grove. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Methodist. J. E. Quinn, editor. E. N. 
Woolston, manager. 

THE ADVERTISER.-Eatontown. W^eekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. William T. Cole, editor, publisher and 
proprietor. 

THE COAST STAR DEMOCRAT.— Manasquan. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. W. E. Hoskins. editor and 
proprietor. 

MANASQUAN NEWS.— Manasquan. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. Theo. F. Hults, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE COAST ECHO.— Belmar. Weekly, on Thursday 
Democratic. Conrad Pinches, editor and publisher. 

THE JOURNAL.— Atlantic Highlands. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. A. C. Hart, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 219 

SEASIDE GAZETTE.— Spring Lake Beach. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. Seaside Publishing Co., pub- 
lishers. E. S. v. Stultz, manager. 

MONMOUTH PRESS.— Atlantic Highlands. Republican. 
Weekly, on Saturday. William J. Leonard, editor. 

SEA BRIGHT SENTINEL.— Sea Bright. Weekly, on 
Thursday (May to September). Independent. Sentinel 
Co., publishers. 

SEA BRIGHT NEWS.— Sea Bright. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sea Bright Publishing Co. 

THE MAIL AND EXPRESS.— Red Bank. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Afro- American organ. William E. Rock, man- 
ager. 

THE CITIZEN.— Ocean Grove. Weekly, during June, July 
and August. Independent. Tali Esen Morgan, editor. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

THE JERSEYMAN.— Morristown. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. Pierson & Surdam, proprietors. I. R. 
- Pierson, editor. 

TRUE DEMOCRATIC BANNER.— Morristown. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. Vogt Brothers, editors and 
proprietors. 

THE MORRIS COUNTY CHRONICLE.— Morristown. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. The Morris County 
Chronicle Co., proprietors. J. Frank Lindsley, editor. 

THE EXPRESS.— Morristown. Democratic. Saturday. 
Abraham L. Adams, edi'.or and proprietor. 

MORRIS COUNTY STANDARD.— Morristown. Weekly, 
on Saturday. J. Fred Runyon, editor and proprietor. 

THE MORRISTOWN ENTERPRISE.— Morristown. Week- 
ly, on Saturday. Democratic. J. L. and W. E. Will- 
iams, editors and publishers. 

THE IRON ERA.— Dover. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. Dover Printing Co., editors and publishers. 

DOVER INDEX.— Dover. Weekly, on i^'riday. Demo- 
cratic. Hummell & Tillyer, proprietors. Frank F. 
Hummell, editor. 

THE BULLETIN.— Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. Samuel L. Garrison, editor and publisher. 

THE TIMES.-Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday, Inde- 
pendent. Charles L. Grubb, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE.— Madison. Weekly, on Friday. Independ- 
ent. Eagle Printing Co. William D. Greer, editor and 
manager. 

THE RECORD.— Rockawas^ Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Sidney Collins, editor and publisher. 



220 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE STANHOPE EAGLE.— Netcong. Independent. 

Weekly, on Wednesday. George T. Keech, editor and 

proprietor. 
UNION TIMES.— Netcong. Weekly, on Wednesday. In- 
dependent. Charles W. Eaton, editor and publisher. 
CHATHAM PRESS.— Chatham. W^eekly, on Saturday. 

Independent. J. Thomas Scott, editor and proprietor. 
THE CHURCH AND HOME.— Rockaway. Weekly, on 

Wednesday. Religious. Rev. William Stout, editor. 
THE ARGUS.— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. 

Coe Finch, editor. 
THE DAIUY RECORD.— Morristown. Independent. E. H. 

Tomlinson, proprietor. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY COURIER.— Toms River. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican, W. H. Fischer, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

OCEAN COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Toms River. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Dc-mocratic. Charles S. Haslett, editor and 
publisher. 

TIMES AND JOURNAL.— Lakewood. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. George D. Roe, editor and publisher. 

THE BEACON.— Point Pleasant. V/eekly, on Saturday. 
D. C. Leaw, editor and proprietor. 

THE TUCKERTON BEACON.— Tuckertor . Weekly. Ben- 
jamin H. Crosby, editor and publisher. 

LAKEWOOD CITIZEN.— Lakewood. Weekl>. on Friday. 
Harry T. Hagaman, editor and publisher 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

PATERSON GUARDIAN.— Paterson. Af+ernoon and 
Weekly. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. Guardian 
Printing and Publishing Co.. publishers and proprie- 
tors. Edv/in W. R. Lawrence, editor. 

THE PATERSON PRESS.-Paterson. Afternoon and 
Weekly. Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. The Press 
Printing and Publishing Co., publishers and proprie'.ors. 
George Wurts, editor. 

THE MORNING CALL.— Paterson. Daily, except Sunday. 
Republican. The Call Printing and Publishing Co., pro- 
prietors and publishers. Joseph E. Crowell, editor. 

EVENING NEWS.— Paterson. Daily, afternoon, except 
Sunday. Democratic. News Printing and Publishing 
Co., proprietors. E. B. Haines, editor. 

THE PATERSON PEOPLE.-Paterson. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Socialist-Labor. Matthew Maguire, editor, 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 221 

SUNDAY CHRONICLE.— Paterson. Sunday. Independ- 
ent. Paterson Chronicle Co., proprietors. Ciiarles A. 
■ Shriner, editor and manager. 

PATERSON VOLKS-FREUND (German). — Paterson. 
Daily, afternoon. Democraic. The German-American 
Printing and Publishing Co., proprietors and publishers. 

DE TELEGRAF (Holland).— Paterson. Semi-weekly. Re- 
publican. Tanis & Schrauder, publishers. 

THE LABOR STANDARD.— Paterson. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Labor. J. P. McDonnell, editor and proprietor. 

PATERSON CENSOR.— Paterson. Monday. Printed rec- 
ord of the counties of Bergen and Passaic. A. E. & B. 
Vanderhoven, editors and proprietors. 

THE ITEM.— Passaic. Weekly, on Saturday. Independ- 
ent. Alfred Speer, editor and proprietor. 

PASSAIC HERALD.— Passaic. Daily, afternoon. Demo- 
cratic. Robert G. Bremner, editor. 

PASSAIC DAILY NEWS.— Passaic. Afternoon. Repub- 
lican. George M. Hartt, editor. News Publishing Co., 
proprietors and publishers. 

THE RECORD.— Passaic. Weekly. Republican. O. Free- 
man, editor and publisher. 

PASSAIC WOCHENBLATT (German).— Passaic. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Herman Otto, publisher and proprietor. 

LA QUESTIONE SOCAILE (Italian).— Passaic. Weekly. 
Pedro Stevene, editor. 

SALEM COUNTY. 

NATIONAL STANDARD.— Salem. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Sinnickson Chew &. Brother, proprie- 
tors. William H. Chew, editor. 

SALEM SUNBEAM.— Salem. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Robert Gwynne, editor and publisher. 

THE SOUTH JERSEYMAN.— Salem. Weekly, on Tues- 
day. Republican. William H. Harris, proprietor. 

THE MONITOR-REGISTER.- Woodstown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Benjamin Patterson, proprietor, 

PENNSGROVE RECORD.— Pennsgrove. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. W. A, Summerhill, proprietor. 

ELMER TIMES.— Elmer. Weekly, on Friday. Indepen- 
dent. S. P. Foster, editor and publisher. 

THE WAGE EARNER.— Salem. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Union Labor. Wage Earner Publishing Co. 



222 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

THE SOMERSET MESSENGER.— Somerville. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Democratic. John H. Mattison, editor 
and publisher. 

THE UNIONIST-GAZETTE.— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. The Unionist-Gazette Associa- 
tion, publishers. Charles H. Batsman, editor and 
manager. 

THE SOMERSET DEMOCRAT.— Somerville. W^eekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Somerset Publishing Co., pub- 
lishers. D. N. Messier, editor and manager. 

BOUND BROOK CHROX\ICLE.— Bound Brook. Weekly, 
on Friday. Republican. W. B. R. Mason, editor and 
publisher. 

STATE CENTRE-RECORD.— Bound Brook. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Daniel Clark, editor. 

DER SOMERSET BOTE (German).— Bound Brook. 
Weekly, on Tuesday. Democratic. Walter Reiss, edi- 
tor and publisher, 

THE NEWS.— Bernardsville. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. H. E. Rowell, editor. 

THE ROYAL CRAFTSMAN.— Somerville. Monthly. De- 
voted to Masonry. Somerset Publishing Co., publishers. 

NORTH PLAINFIELD WEEKLY REVIEW.— North 
Plainfield. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. Harrj' 
H. Webb, publisher. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 

THE SUSSEX REGISTER.— Newton. W^eekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Republican. Richard F. Goodman, editor and 
publisher. 

THE NEW JERSEY HERALD.— Newton. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Jacob L. Bunnell and Martin 
J. Cox, editors and proprietors. Henry C. Bunnell, as- 
sistant editor. 

SUSSEX INDEPENDENT.— Sussex. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. J. J. Stanton and C. A. Wilson, editors. 

THE WANTAGE RECORDER.— Sussex. Weekly, en 
Thursday. Democratic. C. E. Stickney, editor and 

THE MILK REPORTER.— Sussex. Monthly. Agricul- 
ture. John J. Stanton, editor and proprietor. 

SUSSEX RECORD AND BRANCHVILLE TIMES.-New- 
ton. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent. James E. 
Landy, editor. 

PEACH GROWERS' JOURNAL.— Sussex. Monthly. Ag- 
ricultural. James E. Stanton, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 223 

UNION COUNTY. 

ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAL.— Elizabeth. Afternoon. 
Republican. Charles C. McBride, editor. Augustus S. 
Crane, business manager. 

THE LEADER.— Elizabeth. Afternoon. Independent. J. 
Madison Drake, editor and manager. 

THE EVENING TIMES.— Elizabeth. Democratic. Will- 
iam W. St. John, editor and publisher. 

FREIE PRESSE (German).— Elizabeth. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Republican. Henry S. Altai, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

UNION COUNTY RECORD.— Elizabeth. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Isaac Newton Lewis, editor and publisher. 

THE UNION DEMOCRAT.— Rahway. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Lewis S. Hyer, editor. J. I. Collins, 
business manager. 

THE NEW JERSEY ADVOCATE.— Rahway. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. H. B. Rollinson, editor and 
publisher. 

NEW JERSEY LAW JOURNAL.— Plainfield. Monthly. 
New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Co., publishers. A. 
V. D. Honeyman, editor. 

THE DAILY PRESS.— Plainfield. Published at the office 
of the CONSTITUTIONALIST. Democratic. A. L. 
Force, proprietor. 

CENTRAL NEW JERSEY TIMES.— Plainfield. Weekly. 
on Wednesday. Republican. Times Publishing Co. 

THE CONSTITUTIONALIST.— Plainfield. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. A. L. Force, publisher. 

THE PLAINFIELD COURIER-NEWS.— Plainfield. After- 
noon. Republican. F. W. Runyon, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE SUMMIT RECORD.— Summit. Democratic. Week- 
ly. Alfred J. Lane, proprietor. 

THE SUMMIT HERALD.— Summit. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. J. W. Clift, publisher. 

THE UNION COUNTY STANDARD.— Westfield. Week- 
ly, on Saturday. The Standard Publishing Concern. 
Alfred E. Pearsall, editor. C. E. Pearsall, manager. 

THE CRANFORD CHRONICLE.— Weekly, on Wednesday. 
John Alfred Potter, editor and publisher. 

THE CRANFORD CITIZEN.— Cranford. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. E. R. Clyma, editor and manager. 

THE WESTFIELD LEADER.— Westfield. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. G. A. V. Hankinson, editor. 



224 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

NORTH JERSEY ENTERPRISE.— Roselle. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Walter Scott, editor. Thomas H. Evans, 
business manager and publisher. 

WARREN COUNTY. 

BELVIDERE APOLLO.— Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. Josiah Ketcham, editor and publisher. 

THE WARREN JOURNAL.— Belvidere. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Smith Brothers, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

HACKETTSTOWN GAZETTE.— Hackettstown. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. Charles Rittenhouse, editor 
and publisher. 

WARREN REPUBLICAN.— Hackettstown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. Curtis Brothers, proprietors. 
George P. Curtis, editor. 

WARREN DEMOCRAT.— Phillipsburg-. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. News and Democrat Publish- 
ing Co., proprietors. 

WARREN DAILY NEWS.— Phillipsburg. Evenings, ex- 
cept Sunday. Democratic. News and Democrat Pub- 
lishing Co., proprietors. 

THE WASHINGTON STAR.— Washington. Weekly, on 
Thursday, Democratic. Charles L. Stryker, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE BLAIRSTOWN PRESS.— Blairstuwn. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. De Witt C. Carter, editor 
and publisher. 

THE WARREN TIDINGS.— Washington. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Flint & Boss, publishers. 

THE POST.— Phillipsburg. Evenings, except Sunday. Re- 
publican. Michael T. Lynch, proprietor and publisher. 

SUMMARY. 

There are 313 daily, weekly and other papers altogether in 
New -Jersey, of which 95 are Republican, 82 Democratic, 66 
Independenet, 47 neutral. 7 labor, 3 religious and 1 each as 
follows: Military, Agricultural, Peach Growers, Populist, 
Poultry, Milk, Railroad Employes, Commercial, Theatri- 
cal, Law, Masonic, Prohibition, State School for Boys, Col- 
lege and Afro-American. Twenty-six are published in the 
German language, two in Italian, one Holland and one 
Danish-Norwegian. 

The s^ummary by counties' is as follows: Atlantic, 13; 
Bergen, 15; Burlington, 14; Camden, 17; Cape May, 8; Cum- 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 225 

berland, 12; Essex, 28; Gloucester, 8; Hudson, 25; Hunter- 
don, 15: Mercer, 16: Middlesex, 20; Monmouth, 30; Morris, 
18; Ocean, 6; Passaic, 16; Salem, 7; Somerset, 9; Sussex, 7; 
Union, 19: Warren, 10. Total, 313. 



15 



he THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

(For the year ending- October 31, 1903.) 



CHAPTEK 356. 

An Act making appropriations for the support of the state 
government and for several public purposes for the fiscal 
year ending October thirty-first, one thousand nine hun- 
dred and three. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the 
State of New Jersey: 

1. The following sum.s, or so much thereof as may be 
necessary, be and they are appropriated out of the state 
fund for the respective public officers and for the several 
purposes herein specified, for the fiscal year ending on the 
thirty-first day of October, in the year one thousand nine 
hundred and three, namely: 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

For the governor, for salary, $10,000; 

For the private secretary of the governor, for salary, 
$2,000; 

For (Compensation for assistants in the executive depart- 
ment, $2,500; 

For blanks and stationery for the use of the executive 
department, $400; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the executive department, $1,200. 

OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER. 

For the comptroller, for salary, $6,000; 

For the first assistant in the comptroller's office, for sal- 
ary, $2,500; 

For compensation for other clerical service in the comp- 
troller's office, $4,000; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
comptroller, $600; 

For postage, expressage and other. incidental expenses for 
the comptroller's office, $900. 

OFFICE OF THE TREASURER. 

For the treasurer, for salary, $6,000; 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of the 
treasurer, including assistants employed in the manage- 
ment of the sinking fund, $7,000; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 227 

For additional compensation for clerical services in the 
office of the treasurer, including assistants employed in 
the management of the sinking- fund, $500; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
treasurer, $450; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the treasurer, 



OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE. 

For the secretars^ of state, for salary, $6,000; 

For the assistant secretary of state, for salary, $3,000; 

For compensation for all clerical services in the office of 
secretary of state, $12,250; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of secretary of state, $1,600; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
secretary of state, $4,700; 

For compiling and indexing the election laws, $200, 

ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the attorney-general, for salary, $7,000; 

For compensation and expenses of assistants employed 
by the attorney-general, $5,500; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
attorney-general, $250; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the attorney-general's department, $300; 

For master's fees for taking affidavits for the attorney- 
general's office, which shall include all such service re- 
quired for the year, $100; 

For the contingent fund, to be expended only with the 
approval of the governor and comptroller, for the fees of 
assistant attorneys and counsel in litigations which may 
arise under chapter one hundred and flfty-nine of the laws 
of one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four and chap- 
ter two hundred and eight of the laws of one thousand 
eight hundred and eighty-eight, in the enforcement of cor- 
porate taxation, $1,000. 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSORS. 

For the members of the state board of assessors, for sal- 
aries, $10,000; 

For secretary of the state board of assessors, for salary, 
$2,500; 



228 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For compensation for clerical service in the office of the 
state board of assessors, $4,500; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
state board of assessors, $700; 

For postage, expressase and other incidental expenses 
for the state board of assessors, $750; 

For compensation of local assessors and witnesses, and 
compensation and expenses of surveyors, pursuant to 
chapter one hundred and one of the laws of one thousand 
eight hundred and eighty-four, $5,000; 

For compensation for clerical service in the office of the 
state board of assessors, for the purpose of carrying into 
effect the provisions of chapter one hundred and ninety- 
five of the laws of one thousand nine hundred, $1,500. 

DEPARTMENT OF BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

For the commissioner of banking and insurance, for sal- 
ary, $4,000; 

For the deputy commissioner of banking and insurance, 
for salary, $2,500; 

For compensation for assistants in the department of 
banking and insurance, $7,180; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the department of 
banking insurance, $1,800; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the department of banking and insurance, $1,500; 

For compensation of building and loan association exam- 
iners, $12,000; 

For actual and necessary traveling and incidental per- 
sonal expenses of building and loan association examiners, 
$5,200; 

For necessary appraisals of real estate and all other 
incidental expenses in connection with examinations of 
building and loan associations, $2,500. 

STATE BOARD OF TAXATION. 

For the members of the state board of taxation, for sal- 
aries, $10,000; 

For the members of the state board of taxation for ex- 
penses mcurred in attending to their official business, $1,200; 

For the secretary of the state board of taxation for ex- 
penses incurred in attending to his official business, $300; 

For assistants in the office of the state board of taxation, 
$2,970; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 229 

For additional allowance for assistants in the office of 
the state board of taxation, $60; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the state 
board of taxation, $150; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of state board of taxation, $500. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

For the librarian, for salary, $2,000; 

For compensation for assistants in the state library, 
$2,100; 

For the repair, preservation and purchased of useful 
books for the state library, $3,500; 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage and other 
incidental expenses for the state library, $500. 

STATE TRAVELING LIBRARIES. 

For the board of commissioners of the state library, $500, 
pursuant to chapter one hundred and seventy-five of the 
laws of one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

For the ttate board of health, pursuant to the provisions 
of chapter sixty-eight, laws of one thousand eight hundred 
and eighty-seven, $7,940; 

For compensation to the secretary of said board, pur- 
suant to said chapter, $2,500; 

For expenses to be incurred pursuant to chapter two hun- 
dred and twenty-five, laws of one thousand eight hundred 
and eighty-six, $1,000; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of state 
board of health, $1,200; 

For maintenance of. the bacteriological laboratory, $4,000; 

For legal expenses incurred by the state board of health, 
$2,000; 

For postage required in sending to the physicians of this 
state the annual report of the state board of health and 
of the bureau of vital statistics, $294; 

For additional clerical assistance in the office of the state 
board of health, .$300; 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
"An act to secure the purity of foods, beverages, confec- 
tionery, condiments, drugs and medicines, and to prevent 
deception in the distribution and sales thereof," passed 



230 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

at the legislative session of one thousand nine hundred and 
one, and "An act to prevent deception in the sale of oleo- 
margarine, butterine or any imitation of dairy products, 
and to preser^'e the public health," pursuant to chapter 
eighty-four of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and 
eighty-six, $12,000. 

BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 

For the chief of the bureau of statistics, for salary, $2,500; 

For the deputy chief of the bureau of statistics, for sal- 
ar3% $1,800; 

For the deputy chief of the bureau of statistics, for addi- 
tional allowance for salary, $200; 

For the current expenses of the bureau of statistics, 
$5,800; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
bureau of statistics, $300. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

For the governor, treasurer and comptroller, for the care 
and safe keeping of the state capitol, the property therein 
and adjacent public grounds, and for expenses to be in- 
curred in carrying out the provisions of chapter three hun- 
dred and thirty-nine of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and ninety-four, $55,000; 

For the governor, treasurer and comptroller, to be ex- 
pended for supervising services in carrying out the pro- 
visions of chapter four hundred and thirteen of the laws 
of one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five, $500. 

STATE MUSEUM. 

For curator, for salary, $1,500; 

For the commission to acquire uew material for the 
museum and for blanks, stationery and other incidental 
expenses, $500. 

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. 

For salaries and expenses of department of geological 
sur\^ey and for the completion of tne geological survey of 
this state, pursuant to chapter three hundred of the laws 
of one thousa.nd eight hundred and ninety-five, and for the 
continuance of forestry investigation, $10,000; 

For expenses in connection with the publication of the 
reports and maps of the geological survey, $5,000. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 231 

SUPREME COURT. 

For the chief justice and associate justices of the supreme 
court, for salaries, $82,000; 

For the judges of the circuit courts, for salaries, $22,500; 

For compensation of sergeants-at-arms and criers, $1,300; 

For the payment of expenses incurred by the order of 
the supreme court pursuant to chanter one hundred and 
forty-nine of the laws of one thousand nine hundred, $2,000. 

OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

For the clerk of the supreme court, for salary, $6,000; 

For compensation for clerical service in the ofRce of the 
clerk of the supreme court, $15,000; 

For additional allowance for compensation for clerical 
service in the office of the clerk of the supreme court, $1,000; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
clerk of the supreme court, $1,250; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the clerk of the supreme court, $1,300. 

COURT OF CHANCERY. 

For the chancellor, for salary, $10,000; 
. For the vice-chancellors, for salaries, $54,000; 

For compensation of sergeants-at-arms, $3,700; 

For compensation of stenographers, $7,500; 

For compensation and allowance of advisory masters, 
$3,000; 

For rent of rooms in Camden, Jersey City and Newark, 
for the use of chancellor, vice-chancellors and advisory 
masters, $4,750; 

For miscellaneous expenses in connection with such 
rooms, $200; 

For compensation of stenographer for the chancellor, 
$600; 

For allowance for stationery for the court of chancery, 
$500. 

OFFICE OF CLERK IN CHANCERY. 

For the clerk in chancery, for salary, $6,000; 

For compensation for clerical service in the office of the 
clerk in chancery, $24,500; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
clerk in chancery, $1,800; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expense^ 
for the office of the clerk in chancery, $1,550, 



232 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

For compensation of judges of the court of errors and 
appeals. $12,000; 

For compensation of officers of the court of errors and 
appeals, $525; 

For furnishing- printed or typewritten copies of draft 
opinions under the direction of the presiding judge, $700. 

COURT OF PARDONS. 

For per diem allowance and mileage for judges of court of 
pardons. $1,000; 
For compensation of subordinate officers, $300. 

LAW AND EQUITY REPORTS. 

For the publication of the chancery reports, $4,980; 
For the publication of the law reports, $4,000; 
For salarj' of chancery reporter, $500; 
For salary of supreme court reporter, $500; 
For binding chancery and law reports, $1,200. 

NATIONAL GUARD. 

For expenses for divi?ion, brigade and regimental heaci- 
quarters, ?4,000; ■ 

For allowances for two batteries of artillery at $750 each, 
$1,500; 

For allowances for two troops of cavalry, at $1,000 each, 
$2,000; 

For allowances for sixty companies of infantry, at $500 
each, $.30,000; 

For allowance for one signal and telegraph corps, $1,000; 

For transportation for battalion drills, inspections, pa- 
rades, and for pay and expenses of inspecting officers, 
$5,000; 

For compensation of officers and employes, and expenses 
incurred in connection with rifle practice, $12,500; 

For pay of officers and enlisted men and expenses in 
connection with the annual encampment, $45,000; 

For compensation of the superintendent and employes, 
and for forage, fuel and maintenance of the state camp 
grounds, $7,000; 

For fuel, light and maintenance of the state arsenal, 
$2,000; 

For expenses of military boards and courts martial, $600; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 233 

For transportation of disabled soldiers to the home at 
Kearny, New Jersey, $50; 

For maintaining-, .heating and lighting armories at Jer- 
sey City, Camden, Newark and Paterson, at $4,000 each, 
$16,000; 

For pay and expenses of otflcer detailed from the United 
States army for military instruction to officers and en- 
listed men of the national guard, $600; 

For insuring regimental armories, buildings at the state 
camp grounds at Sea Girt, the state arsenal and all public 
military stores, $3,500; 

For ordnance stores, uniforms, clothing, camp and gar- 
rison equipage, freight and expressage and miscellaneous 
supplies, $15,000; 

For rent of armory for first troop cavalry, $1,000. 

NAVAL RESERVE. 

First battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500; 
For battalion headquarters, $300; 

For pay of shipkeeper, maintenance and expenses, $6,000; 
Second battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500; 
For battalion headquarters, $300; 

For pay of shipkeeper, maintenance and expenses, $4,500; 
For pay and expenses of ofl[icers and men on annual 
cruise, $2,500. 

ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the adjutant-general, for salary, $2,500; 

For compensation for clerical service in the adjutant- 
general's office, $5,200; 

For additional allowance for clerical service in the adju- 
tant-general's office, $200; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the adjutant-gen- 
eral's office, $1,100; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the adjutant-general's office, $500; 

For printing and binding roster of officers and men of 
New Jersey in the revolutionary and other wars, pursuant 
to joint resolution number one, approved March twenty- 
second, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight, 
$2,000. 

QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL'S OFFICE. 

For the quartermaster-general, for salary, $2,500; 
For compensation for assistants in the department of 
the quartermaster-general, $8,700; 



234 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For additional compensation for assistants in the de- 
partment of the quartermaster-general, $1,300; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the quartermaster- 
general's department, $200; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the quartermaster-general's department, $250. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the commission having in charge the Monmouth 
battle monument and grounds, pursuant to chapter one 
hundred and eighteen of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and eighty-six, $500. 

TRENTON BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the Trenton battle monument association, for the 
purpose of keeping said property in good condition and 
repair, $500. 

PENSIONS. 

For amount required to pay pensions, pursuant to vari- 
ous acts relative thereto, $4,284. 

HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 

For support of the New Jersey home for disabled sol- 
diers at Kearny, and for the chaplain thereof, $30,000. 

SOLDIERS' STATE PAY. 

For claims of volunteers in the civil war, for state pay, 
pursuant to chapter thirteen of the laws of one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-one, $100. 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY. 

For trustees of the Washington association of New Jer- 
sey, $2,500. 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 

For the state board of agriculture, $6,000; 

For the state board of agriculture for the purpose of 
carrying out the provisions of an act to prevent the intro- 
duction into and spread of injurious insects in New Jersey, 
to provide a method for compelling their destruction, to 
create the office of state entomologist, to authorize inspec- 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 235 

tion of nurseries and to provide for certificates of inspec- 
tion, $1,000. 

TUBERCULOSIS COMMISSION. 

For expenses and payments by the state tuberculosis 
commission, $15,500. 

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. 

For salaries and expenses of the agricultural experiment 
station, $15,000; 

For printing- bulletins of the agricultural experiment sta- 
tion, $1,500; 

For expenses incurred by the New Jersey agricultural 
experiment station in carrying out the provisions of "An 
act concerning the regulation of the sale of concentrated 
commercial feeding stuffs," $3,000. 

BOARD OF VISITORS TO THE AGRICULTURAL COL- 
LEGE OF NEW JERSEY. 

For the board of visitors to the agricultural college of 
New Jersey, for personal expenses incurred pursuant to 
chapter three hundred and sixty-five of the laws of one 
thousand eight hundred and seventy-three, $50; 

For advertising pursuant to chapter nine of the laws of 
one thousand eight hundred and seventy-nine, $90. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

For traveling expenses of managers, $600; 

For expenses in transferring insane convicts, $200; 

For medical examination of insane convicts, $300. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT TRENTON. 

For maintenance of county patients, $47,000; 

For support and clothing of insane convicts, at the rate 
of $5 per week for each insane convict, $10,000; 

For support of indigent patients, at the rate of $3 per 
week, and cost of clothing, $11,000; 

For salaries of officers, $12,000; 

For appraisement of personal property, $75. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORRIS PLAINS. 

For maintenance of county patients, $55,120. 
For support and clothing of insane convicts, at the rate 
of $5 per week for each insane convict, $19,872; 



236 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For support of indigent patients, at the rate of $3 per 
week, and cost of clothing, $30,100; 
For salaries of officers, $.12,600; 

For additional allowance for salaries of officers, $1,950; 
For appraisement of personal property, $75. 

COUNTY LUNATIC ASYLUMS. 

For the £,viPP<^''t "^^ county patients in the Essex county 
lunatic asylum, i?0,000; 
In the Hudson county lunatic asylum, $60,000; 
In the Camden county lunatic asylum, $20,000; 
In the Burlington county lunatic asylum, $5,000; 
In the Passaic county lunatic asylum, $4,000; 
In the Gloucester county lunatic asylum, $1,700; 
In the Cumberland county lunatic asylum, $12,000; 
In the Salem county lunatic asylum, $2,000; 
Ih the Atlantic county lunatic asylum, $5,700. • 

STATE PRISON. 

For maintenance of convicts, $90,000; 

For furniture, appliances and repairs of state prison, 
$10,000; 

For the principal keeper, for salary, $3,500; 

For the supervisor, for salary, $3,000; 

For the deputy keepers and employes, for salaries, 
$90,000; 

For additional allowance for the deputy keepers and em- 
ployes, for salaries, $2,000; 

For the six inspectors, for salaries, $3,000; 

For the keeper, for payments to discharged convicts, 
$2,00G; 

For teacher and moral instructor to the convicts in tne 
state prison, pursuant to section seven, chapter one hun- 
dred and fifty-five of the laws of one thousand eight hun- 
dred and seventy-six, for salary, $1,000. 

STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey state home for boys, 
$62,000; 

For the trustees of said home, for expenses incurred by 
them in the discharge of their duties, $250. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey state home for girls, 
for the support and necessary repairs to the home, $25,000; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 237 

For the trustee of said home; for expenses incurred in 
the discharge of their duties, $300. 

STATE BOARD OF ARBITRATION. 

For the members of the board of arbitration, for salary, 
$6,000; 

For the secretary of the state board of arbitration, for 
salary, $200; 

For blanks, stationery and other incidentals for use in 
the office of the state board of arbitration, $50. 

BOARD OF FISH AND GAME COMMISSIONERS. 

For the fish and game wardens, including the fish and 
game protector, for compensation, $15,600; 

For expenses of the fish and game wardens and fish and 
game protector, $5,100; 

For the purpose of stocking the waters of the state with 
food fishes and for defraying the cost of maintaining a 
hatchery and for the protection and propagation of birds 
and game animals within this state, $4,000; 

For expenses of the fish and game commissioners, $1,000. 

BLIND AND FEEBLE-MINDED. 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of the 
blind persons, inhabitants of this state, $11,300; 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of 
the feeble-minded persons, inliabitants of this state, $57,000; 

For maintenance, support and instruction of feeble- 
minded women, $25,000. 

FACTORIES AND WORKSHOPS. 

For the inspector and six deputy inspectors of factories 
and workshops, for salaries, $8,500; 

For the necessary expenses incurred by the inspector 
and his deputies in the discharge of their duties, $2,000. 

STATE CHARITIES AID ASSOCIATION. 
For expenses of the association, $600. 

STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

To the treasurer of the New Jersey state horticultural 
society, the sum of $400. 



238 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

SINKING FUND ACCOUNT. 

For the state treasurer for expenses»in foreclosure and 
other necessary legal proceedings relative to sinking fund 
account, $500. 

ADVERTISING. 

For advertising proclamations issued by the governor, 
notices of the attorney-general in relation to delinquent 
miscellaneous corporations, and notices of the comptroller 
in regards to public printing, et cetera, $3,000. 

PRINTING. 

For printing and binding public documents, $35,000; 

For compensation of an expert printer for services in 
preparation of specifications for bids, supervision of work, 
examination of bills, and such other duties as may by law 
be imposed upon him, $600; 

For preparing index of session laws, $100; 

For printing and circulation of the laws, $7,500. 

PUBLIC ROADS. 

For public roads, $250,000; 

For the state commissioner of public roads, for salary, 
$2,500; 

For compensation of supervisor for assisting the state 
commissioner of public roads in supervising, construction, 
and performing such other, duties as necessity may re- 
quire, $1,000; 

For expenses for clerk hire, attorney and consulting en- 
gineer, fees, stationery and actual traveling expenses, 
$1,500; 

For additional allowance for expenses for clerk hire, 
attorney and consulting engineer, fees, stationery and act- 
ual traveling expenses, $500. 

OYSTER COMMISSION. 

To promote the propagation and growth of seed oysters 
and to protect the natural oyster-seed grounds of this 
state, $10,000; 

For the preservation of clams, $2,000. 



T^HE APPROPRIATION LAW. 239 

NEW JERSEY OYSTER AND SHELL COMMISSION. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter one hundred and eig-htj'-five of the laws of nine- 
teen hundred, $1,000; 

For the director of the biological department of the New- 
Jersey agricultural college experiment station, at New 
Brimswick, to establish and maintain one or more sta- 
tions for the scientific investigation of oyster propagation, 
$200. 

LEGISLATURE. 

For compensation of senators and members of the gen- 
eral assembly, $40,833.32; 

For compensation of officers and employes of the legisla- 
ture, $30,150; 

For stationery for use of the legislative session, pursuant 
to chapter two hundred and eight of the laws of one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-eight, $500; 

For m_anuals of the legislature of New Jersey, $2,000; 

For indexing the journal of the senate and minutes of the 
executive sessions and the minutes of the house of assem- 
bly, and other incidental and contingent expenses of the 
legislature, $6,700; 

For toilet and other necessary supplies for use at the 
legislative session, to be furnished by the state house com- 
mission. 



COLLATERAL INHERITANCE TAX. 

For surrogates' fees, appraisers' compensation and ex- 
penses, legal and other disbursements, pursuant to chap- 
ter two hundred and ten of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and ninety-four, $10,000. 

INSURANCE. 

For insurance upon state house and contents thereof, 
$250. 

REFUNDING TAXES ON EXEMPTED MISCELLANE- 
OUS CORPORATIONS. 

For taxes improperly levied upon exempted corporations 
and to be refunded pursuant to law, $500. 

WEATHER SERVICE. 

For the continuance of weather stations and prepara- 
tion, printing and distribution of reports, pursuant to 



240 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

chapter two hundred and fifty-eight of the laws of one 
thousand eight hundred and ninety-two, $1,000. 

BODIES THROWN UPON SHORES OF THE STATE BY 
SHIPWRECK. 

For expenses incurred in viewing bodies cast upon shores 
by shipwreck, $100. 

BOARD OF PILOT COMMISSIONERS. 

For expenses incurred by the commissioners, pursuant 
to chapter three hundred and seven of the laws of one 
thousand eight hundred and ninety-five, $1,200. 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE FUND. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers College, for interest on $116,- 
000, certificates of indebtedness of the state of New Jersey 
due January first and July first, one thousand nine hundred 
and three, pursuant to the provisions of chapter one hun- 
dred and thirty-five of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and ninety-six, $5,800. 

RIPARIAN COMMISSION. 

For salaries of riparian commissioners, $6,000; 
For expenses incurred in the prosecution of the work of 
the commissioners, $6,000. 

OBSTRUCTIONS TO NAVI-GATION. 

For expenses incurred in removing any boat, barge or 
scow stranded or sunk in any of the navigable rivers of 
this state, $300. 

MANUAL TRAINING AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL 
FOR COLORED YOUTH. 

For maintenance of the manual training and industrial 
school for colored youth, $5,000. 

NEW JERSEY SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

For the New Jersey school for the deaf for the teaching, 
maintenance and clothing of pupils taught therein, for 
purchase and repair of furniture, school apparatus and 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 241 

other appliances, for making needed improvements and 
repairs in the buildings and grounds, for insurance there- 
of,^ and for maintaining the system of manual and indus- 
trial education in said school, $45,000. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 

For the support of the state normal school, $48,000; 
For necessary repairs to the grounds, buildings and fur- 
niture, and for keeping the same insured, $4,000. 

FREE SCHOOL LIBRARIES. 

For the formation of libraries in the free public schools 
of the state, $6,000. 

FARNUM PREPARATORY SCHOOL. 

For the support of the Farnum preparatory school at 
Beverly, $1,200. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 

For payments to schools established for industrial edu- 
cation, pursuant to chapter one hundred and sixty-four ot 
the laws of one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one, 
$15,000; 

For payments to schools for manual training, $36,000. 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

For salary of state superintendent of public instruction, 
$3,000; 

For salary of assistant state superintendent and for cler- 
ical services In the office of state superintendent of public 
instruction, $7,500; • 

For stationery and blanks, $2,000; 

For necessary incidental expenses incurred by the state 
superintendent of public instruction in the performance of 
his official duties and for supervision of manual training, 
$2,500. 

SCHOOL FUND EXPENSES. 

For necessary legal and other expenses incurred by or 
under the direction of the trustees for the support of pub- 
lic schools in the investment and protection of the school 
fund, and in the collection of the income thereof, $3,500. 
16 



242 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. 

For necessary expenses of the state board of education, 
$2,500; 

For procuring plans for school-houses, $500; 

For supervising- plans of new school-houses by state 
board of education, $1,000. 

TEACHERS' INSTITUTES. 

For expenses of teachers' institutes, $4,000. 

TEACHERS' LIBRARIES. 

For the establishment of libraries for use of teachers, 
$600. 

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS. 

For county superintendents of schools, for salaries, 
$26,000. 

EMERGENCY. 

For the governor, to enable him to meet any emergency 
requiring- the expenditure of money not otherwise appro- 
priated, the sum of $10,000, said sum, or any part thereof, to 
be paid by the treasurer on the warrant of the comptroller 
upon accounts approved by the governor. 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS. 

For expenses incurred by the state board of examiners 
and compensation for the person appointed by the state 
board of education, $250. 

STATE SEWERAGE COMMISSION. 

For salaries of commissioners, $7,500; 

For salary of secretary, $750; 

For rent and necessary expenses of the commissioners, 
$2,500; provided, said expenses are approved by the gov- 
ernor. 

NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 
SAILORS, MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

For salaries and expenses, $10,000. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 243 

STATE OYSTER COMMISSION. 

For the better regulation and control of the taking, plant- 
ing and cultivating of oysters on lands lying under the 
tidal waters of the Delaware bay and Maurice river cove, 
in the state of New Jersey, $12,323; 

For expenses incurred for making survey of the grounds 
of the Delaware bay and Maurice river cove, $1,000. 

STATE BOARD OF CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 

To the state board of children's guardians for expenses, 
$6,000. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSION. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter sixty-two, laws of nineteen hundred, $1,000; 

For necessary traveling and other incidental expenses 
incurred by the commission, $300; 

For additional allowance for clerical assistance, neces- 
sary traveling and other incidental expenses incurred by 
the commission, $1,200; provided such sum is authorized by 
enactment of the present legislature. 

TRENTON ARMORY. 

For the purpose of erecting an armory in the city of 
Trenton, $50,000. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

For traveling and other ofiicial expenses of commission- 
ers, $1,200; 

For the superintendent, for salary, $3,000: 

For the subordinate officers and employes, for salaries, 
$30,000; 

For maintenance, $35,000; 

For furniture, appliances and repairs (including indus- 
trial departments), $7,500; 

For the superintendent for payments to discharged pris- 
oners, $1,000. 

VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

For the superintendent, for salary, $2,500; 
For the steward, for salary, $1,000; 

For maintenance, including salary of assistant physi- 
cian, $16,500. 



244 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

For the purpose of carrying- into effect the provisions of 
"An act to provide for the establishment of a course in 
practical and scientific instruction in the art of clay-work- 
ing and ceramics in the state agriciultural college," ap- 
proved March seventeenth, one thousand nine hundred 
and two, ?2,500. 

PRESERVATION OF RECORDS. 

For the purpose of publishing and completing the early 
records of this state, known as "New Jersey Archives," 
$3,500. 

LOUISIANA PURCHASE EXPOSITION. 

For the board of commissioners appointed to represent 
the state of New Jersey at the Louisiana purchase expo- 
sition, to be held in the city of St. Louis, Missouri, during 
the year one thousand nine hundred and three, $50,000; pro- 
vided, such sum is authorized by enactment of the present 
legislature. 

PRINCETON BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the purpose of erecting a monument or statue in 
commemoration of the battle of Princeton, $15000; provided, 
such sum is authorized by enactment of the present legis- 
lature. 

HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 

For the construction and equipment of a new dormitory 
on the grounds of said home, at Kearny, $20,000; and also 
the further sum of $8,500 for the construction of a passage- 
way, connecting the hospital building w^th the convalescent 
ward, and the completion of needed repairs and painting 
of the present buildings of the home; provided such sums 
are authorized by enactment of the present legislature. 

SECRETARY TO THE GOVERNOR. 

For additional allowance for salary for the secretary to 
the governor, $1,000; provided such sum is authorized by 
enactment of the present legislature. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. ^45 

MANUAL TRAINING AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL 
FOR COLORED YOUTH. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
"An act to provide suitable accommodations for 'the man- 
ual training and industrial school for colored youth,' " 
approved March twentieth, one thousand nine hundred 
and two, $15,000. 

NEW SENATE CHAMBER. 

For the governor, comptroller and treasurer of this state, 
constituting the state house cominission, for the purpose 
of providing a suitable chamber and committee rooms for 
the use of the senate of this state, pursuant to chapter one 
hundred and seventeen of the laws of one thousand nine 
hundred, $50,000. 

STATE SCHOOL TAX. 

For the purpose of reducing the state school tax to be 
assessed for the year nineteen hundred and three, a sum 
equal to thirty-five per centum of the entire amount to be 
so raised is hereby appropriated, approximating $883,978. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of senate 
joint resolution number one, the sum of $600 is hereby ap- 
propriated. 

2. The following sum is hereby appropriated out of the 
income of the school fund for the purpose specified for the 
fiscal year ending on the thirty-first day of October, in the 
year one thousand nine hundred and three: 

FREE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

For the support of free public schools, $200,000; 

There shall be paid from the income of the school fund 
such sums required to pay premiums and accrued interest 
en bonds purchased by the trustees for the support of 
public schools. 

3. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except 
for objects as herein above specifically appropriated, and 
except such sums which are by law devoted to specific 
purposes, namely, state school tax, United States appro- 
priation to agricultural college, United States appropria- 
tion for disabled soldiers, United States appropriation for 
disabled soldiers, sailors, marines and their wives, agri- 
cultural college fund and taxes for the use of taxing dis- 



246 The appropriation law. 

tricts in this state, and loans to "state school fund," which 
last-named sums shall be paid pursuant to the laws appli- 
cable thereto. 

4. This act shall take effect on the first day of November, 
one thousand nine hundred and two. 

Approved April 10, 1902. 



NEW CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 247 



NEW CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Formed by an act of the Legislature of 1901, approved 
March 19. See page 94, pamphlet laws.) 



FIRST— The counties of Camden, Gloucester and Salem. 
Population, 165,078. Total vote cast in 1902, Republican, 
20,371; Democratic. 15,279: Prohibition, 1,120; scattering, 4. 
Total vote, 36,774. Republican plurality, 5,092. 

SECOND— The counties of Cape May, Cumberland, At- 
lantic and Burlington. Population, 169,037. Vote cast in 
1902, Repubhcan, 19,966; Democratic, 9,465; Prohibition, 2.o33; 
Socialist, 199; scattering, 22. Total vote, 31,985. Republican 
plurality, 10.501. 

THIRD— The counties of Middlesex, Monmouth and 
Ocean. Population, 181.566. Vote cast in 1902, Republican, 
20,014; Democratic, 18, -345; Prohibition, 546; scattering, 1. 
Total vote, 38,906. Republican plurality, 1,669. 

FOURTH— The counties of Hunterdon, Somerset and 
Mercer. Population, 162,820. Vote cast in 1902, Republican, 
18,972; Democratic, 16,966; Prohibition, 588j Socialist, 381; 
scattering, 4. Total vote, 36,911. Republican plurality, 
2,006. 

FIFTH— The counties of Union, Morris and Warren. 
Population, 202,290. Vote cast in 1902, Republican, 21,030; 
Democratic, 19,881; Prohibition. 883: Socialist, 415; Social- 
Labor, 2.31; scattering, 4. Total vote, 42,444. Republican 
plurality, 1,149. 

SIXTH— The counties of Bergen, Passaic and Sussex. 
Population, 257,777. Vote cast in 1902, Republican, 20,236; 
Democratic, 24,084; Prohibition, 435; Socialist, 777; Social- 
Labor, 419; scattering, 1. Total vote, 45,952, Democratic 
plurality. 3,848. 

SEVENTH— The First, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, 
Eleventh and Fifteenth wards of the city of Newark, and 
the city of Orange, and the towns of Bloomfield, Montclair 
and West Orange, and the boroughs of Glen Ridge, Cald- 
well and North Caldwell, and the townships of Franklin, 
Belleville, Livingston, Verona and Caldwell, all in the 
county of Essex. Population, 177,106. Vote cast in 1902, 
Republican, 19.878; Democratic. 14,371; Prohibition, 243; 
Socialist, 335; Social-Labor, 297. Total vote, 35,124. Repub- 
lican plurality, 5,507. 

EIGHTH— The Second, Third. Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, 
Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth wards of the city of 



248 NEW CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 

Newark, and the city of East Orange, and the town of 
Irvington, and the borough of Vailsburgh, and the village 
and township of South Orange, and the townships of Clin- 
ton and Milburn, all in the county of Essex. Population, 
181,047. Vote cast in 1902. Republican, 18,814; Democratic, 
12,005; Prohibition, 192; Socialist, 742. Total vote, 31,753. 
Republican plurality, 6,809. 

NINTH— The city of Bayonne, the Seventh, Eighth, 
Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth wards of the city of 
Jersey City, and all the Sixth ward of said city of Jersey 
City excepting the first and second precincts, or that por- 
tion which lies north of the Morris canal and east of Sum- 
mit avenue, and the towns of Kearney and Harrison, and 
the borough of East Newark, all in the county of Hudson. 
Population, 176,319. Vote cast in 1902, Republican, 13,700; 
Democratic, 14,492; Prohibition, 147; Socialist, 813; Social- 
Labor, 378. Total vote, 29,530. Democratic plurality, 792. 

TENTH- The First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth 
wards of the city of Jersey City, and all that portion of the 
Sixth ward of said city (the first and second precincts) 
which lies north of the Morris canal and east of Summit 
avenue, and the city of Hoboken, and the towns of West 
Hoboken, Union, West New York and Guttenburg, and 
the townships of North Bergen and Weehawken, and the 
borough of Secaucus. all in the county of Hudson. Popu- 
lation, 209,729. Vote cast in 1902, Republican and Independ- 
ent Democrat, 10,595; Democratic, 19,311; Prohibition, 41; 
Socialist, 879; Social-Labor, 523. Total vote, 31,349. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 8,716. 

SUMMARY. 

Popu- Total 

Districts. lation. Vote. 

First 165.078 36,744 

Second 169,037 31,985 

Third 181,566 38,906 

Fourth 162,820 36,911 

Fifth 202,290 42,444 

Sixth 257,777 45,492 

Seventh 177,106 35,124 

Eighth 181,947 31,753 

Ninth 176,319 29,530 

Tenth 209,729 31,349 

Total 1,883,669 360,238 32,733 13,356 

Net Republican plurality, 19,377. 



Rep. 


Dem. 


Plur. 


Plur. 


5,092 




10,501 


.... 


1,669 




2,006 




•1,149 






3,848 


5,507 




6,809 






792 




8,716 



NEW CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT^. iJ4§ 

BIOGRAPHIES. 



GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY. 



FRANKLIN MURPHY. 

Governor Murphy was born in Jersey City, N. J., Janu- 
ary 3, 1846. He comes of a conspicuously patriotic lineage. 
His ancestors were intensely loyal to their country. In 
earlier days they served v^^ith distinction in the Indian 
and Colonial wars: some fought valiantly in the war for 
independence, and a later generation was engaged in the 
war of 1812. The paternal ancestor, Robert Murphy, came 
to this country from Ireland in 1756, and settled in Fair- 
field county, Connecticut. His son Robert, born in 1759, 
removed to Jersey City in early youth, since which time 
the family has lived in New Jersey and has been identi- 
fied v/ith its interests. Among the branches of his familj"- 
are some of the original settlers of Newark and Eliza- 
bethtown. 

The Governor inherited his ancestors' love of country 
so strongly that soon after the outbreak of the Rebellion, 
at the age of sixteen years, he left his school work at the 
Newark Academy and joined Company A of the Thir- 
teenth Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, which was 
recruited in the summer of 1862. Remainmg with his regi- 
ment until the close of the war, he participated in the 
battles of Antietam, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and 
saw service in the western army under General Sherman, 
and was with him on that memorable march from Atlanta 
to the Sea and up through the Carolinas to Washington. 
Although he had not attained his majority when the war 
closed, he reached the rank of a first lieutenant, having 
received his several promotions for gallant and meritorious 
service. 

It was in September, 1865, that Mr. Murphy, having just 
returned from his service in the army, laid the foundation 
of his extensive business as a varnish manufacturer, his 
firm being known as the Murphy Varnish Company. 
Bringing to this enterprise the same earnestness and devo- 
tion which had characterized him in his every undertaking, 
he soon built up a large and successful trade, with 



250 BIOGRAPHIES. 

branches and manufactories in several important trade 
centers in this country and in Europe. The success of this 
and several other industrial and financial enterprises is 
due almost entirely to Mr. Murphy's honorable dealing, 
business sagacity and executive ability. Success in busi- 
ness is not the only one of Mr. Murphy's achievements. 
In matters both municipal and state he has long taken a 
deep interest, both as a public servant and private citizen. 

His official life has been, however, much more largely 
a recognition of his merits than of his own seeking. He 
served as a member of the Newark Common Council dur- 
ing the years 1883 to 1886, and was president of that body. 
He was a member of the House of Assembly of the ses- 
sion of 1885 and was highly regarded as a conservative and 
able leader. As Trustee of the Reform School for Boys 
during the three years' term beginning March 24, 1886, he 
brought to that institution the benefit of all his business 
sagacity and wide experience. In 1900 the President ap- 
pointed Mr. Murphy a Commissioner of the United States 
to the Paris Exposition, a delicate position which he filled 
with rare tact and with credit to himself and his coun- 
trymen. He has served as Park Commissioner of Essex 
county, and the noble system of parks there is due in 
large degree to his labors. 

In politics Mr. Murphy has been a lifelong Republican 
and has served his party with an unselfish devotion and 
loyalty equalled by few. In 1892, at the request of Hon. 
John Kean, the then Republican candidate for Governor, 
he accepted the chairmanship of the State Committee. 
Since that period the Republican campaigns under him 
have been uniformly successful. New Jersey has been 
brought prominently into the list of Republican states; 
Griggs and Voorhees have been triumphantly elected as 
Governors, and the electoral vote of New Jersey has 
twice been cast for McKinley. Mr. Murphy was a dele- 
gate to the Republican conventions at St. Louis and Phila- 
delphia, and cast his vote both times for the nomination 
of William McKinley. Upon the death of Hon. Garret A. 
Hobart, Mr. Murphy was unanimously chosen his suc- 
cessor as the New Jersey representative on the national 
Republican Committee, and was in turn immediately ap- 
pointed one of the members of the Execiitive Committee. 

His business and political affairs, however, have not 
been allowed to engross all his time. He has given special 
attention to the movement to organize and develop the 
patriotic societies of the country. He is a member of the 



bioghaphies. 251 

Society of Colonial Wars and Sons of the American Revo- 
lution. Of the latter organization he has served as vice- 
president of the state society and as secretary-general and 
l^ter as president-general of the national society. He is 
one of the most popular officers this organization has ever 
had, and his arduous labor and untiring efforts in its be- 
half have contributed much to its success. He is also a 
member of the Loyal Legion and of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. 

His capacity for handling public matters is well illus- 
trated by his management of the state Republican Com- 
mittee, where it has shown to a remarkable extent the 
capacity to grasp and dispose of complex questions with 
great ease. He is a ready student of human nature and 
has a large acquaintance with men of ail stations of life. 

The Governor lives in Newark, and his loyalty to the 
city of his home is evidenced by the fact that he makes 
it the headquarters of his business, instead of New York, 
as is the case with so many New Jersey industries. His 
family consists of his wife, born Janet Colwell, and a 
surviving son and daughter. 

A busy man with large affairs entrusted to his care and 
with many responsibilities, the Governor has still found 
time to cultivate art and literature and to enjoy social life, 
and his business successes have not diverted him from 
higher pursuits. A uniform courtesy and grace of man- 
ner, and geniality of disposition, inherent to the man, 
have made him friendships which his qualities of heart 
and mind have never failed to hold and endear. As a pub- 
lic speaker, he has a persuasiveness and grace that lend 
charm to his practical business views. He has traveled 
widely and is a man of culture and refinement. 

Upon several occasions he has been urged to become a 
candidate for the Republican nomination for Governor, 
but always yielded to the interests of others. At the State 
Convention of the Republican party held September 26, 
1901, he was the unanimous choice of that body and was 
nominated by acclamation. 

He was elected by a plurality of 17,133 over James M. 
Seymour, the Democratic candidate. 

Murphy, Republican, 183,814; Seymour, Democrat, 166,681; 
Brown, National Prohibition, 5,365; Vail, Socialist, 3,489; 
Wilson, Social-Labor, 1,918. 



252 ElOGRA]f»HlES. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS, 



JOHN KEAN, Elizabeth. 

Senator Kean was born at Ursino, Union county, New 
Jersey, in the house where he now resides, on December 
4th, 1852. The house is historic, being known as "Liberty 
Hall," and was erected by Governor Livingston in 1772. 
Washington held many conferences with his Generals 
within its walls, and Alexander Hamilton studied law 
there. And in the same house John Jay was married to 
one of the daughters of the Governor. Another home, at 3 
East Fifty-sixth street, New York city, also belongs to 
Mr. Kean, where he spends much of his time during the 
winter. 

When a young boy the Senator was sent to a boarding- 
school in Stockbridge, Mass., and was transferred from 
there to a private academy at Sing Sing on the Hudson, 
where he received a much higher education than was neces- 
sary for him to enter Yale College, which he did in 1872. He 
afterward took a course in the Columbia College Law 
School, and was admitted to the bar of New Jersey in 1877. 

Mr. Kean was elected to Congress in 1882, and again in 
1886. In 1892 he was defeated for Governor by his Demo- 
cratic opponent, George T. Werts. 

The Senator is a prominent business man, and is engaged 
in numerous manufacturing, mercantile, railroad and 
financial enterprises, which furnish employment to a large 
number of mechanics and artisans, especially in the city 
of Elizabeth, where he is so well and favorably known. 
He has helped materially in promoting the growth of that 
city, and to him, more than to any other person, is due its 
present prosperity. He fills many positions of honor and 
trust in the banking and commercial communities. He is 
President of the National State Bank, of Elizabeth, and a 
director in the Elizabeth Banking Company. He is also 
President of the Elizabeth Water Company and the Gas 
Light Company of the same city. He holds the largest 
interest in the Elizabeth Street Railv/ay Company, and his 
latest undertaking was the construction of a trolley line 
from Elizabeth to Plainfield, for the franchise of which 
he paid a large sum of money. 

The Senator has always been an active Republican, and 
for several years he served as the Treasurer of the State 



BIOGRAPHIES. 253 

Committee of his party. He was the unanimous choice of 
the Republican caucus for United States Senator in Janu- 
ary, 1899, and received the full vote of his party when he 
was elected to that office in a joint meeting of the Legis- 
lature, held soon afterward, his Democratic opponent be- 
ing the then incumbent, James Smith. Senator Kean was 
elected for a term of six years, which will not expire until 
March 4th, 1905, 

JOHN F. DRYDEN, Newark. 

Senator Dryden is president of the Prudential Insurance 
Company of America and a leader in banking and other 
large enterprises, and has his home in Newark. In person 
he is tall, spare and well knit. In demeanor he is dignified, 
yet kindly and courteous. In mental ability he is equalled 
by few of the men who have attained, like him, great suc- 
cess in life, and few men are equal to the great burdens 
and responsibilities that Mr. Dryden has borne for years 
and that he seems to bear lightly. 

Senator Dryden is of old New England stock; He was 
born on August 7, 1839, at Farmington, Me., and was edu- 
cated for the legal profession. His training in law has 
been of great use to him in his subsequent career. He was 
not very strong physically and was of a retiring and stu- 
diovTS disposition. At Yale University, where his parents 
sent him, he devoted himself closely to study, which re- 
sulted in the impairment of his health, and by advice of 
physicians he was compelled to give up his hopes of grad- 
uation and left the university. He was later restored to 
the full privileges of his class, however, an honor rarely 
bestowed by Yale, and given the degree of A. M. 

The subject of life insurance early engaged Mr. Dryden's 
attention and he devoted his time to a study of its prin- 
ciples, mastering the theory of finance, the construction 
of tables, averages, percentages, futurities and scientific 
monetary economy. About 1865 he obtained a report on 
the subject of industrial insurance, submitted to the 
Massachusetts Legislature by Professor Elizur Wright, 
then State Insurance Commissioner. It criticised the 
methods of the Prudential Assurance Company (Limited) 
of London, England. Mr. Dryden procured all the reports 
of the company and analyzed them, and decided that the 
Insurance Commissioner was wrong. This gave him the 
idea of formulating an industrial insurance system for the 
United States. He submitted plans to some New England 
capitalists, but they were not received with favor. 



254 BIOGRAPHIES. 

In 1873 Mr. Dryden visited Newark and interested in the 
enterprise such men as Noah F. Blanchard, William H. 
Murphy, father of Governor Murphy, Horace Ailing, Les- 
lie D. Ward and others. A bill was passed by the Legisla- 
ture and in 1875 the Prudential Insurance Company of 
America was founded. From its inception Mr. Dryden was 
the soul and spirit of the enterprise. For several years he 
was secretary', and when Noah F. Blanchard, the president, 
retired, Mr. Dryden succeeded him. 

The steady faith, the unconquerable will and indomitable 
energy of Mr. Dryden carried the company through sev- 
eral crises and overcame many formidable difficulties, 
until the company became firmly planted and began its 
great growth. From the basement of the State Bank the 
institution moved into the Kremlin Building, and thence to 
the 12,000,000 stone structure at Broad and Bank streets, 
built bj- the company, which has recently been added to by 
other great and ornate buildings, making the finest single 
group of office buildings in the world. 

Mr. Dryden was one of the founders of the Fidelity 
Trust Company, of Newark, started fifteen years ago, 
which has a capital of $5,000,000. He Is largely interested 
in the North Jersey Street Railroad Company, and is one 
of three owoiers of the Newark and South Orange line, a 
subsidiary company of the North Jersey system. These 
and other interests are, however, commonplace to him 
compared with his love for the Prudential, the great child 
of his creation, and his interest in its workings. He is in 
close touch with the multitude of details of the vast sys- 
tem. In the construction of the handsome new office build- 
ings in which are provided accommodations for upwards of 
1,.300 clerks, managers and medical examiners, he gave 
daily audience to the architect, and worked on the plans 
and estimates with an interest that never lagged. His re- 
creation is taken in a superb home at Bernardsville, N. J. 

A Republican all his life. Mr. Dryden has taken an active 
interest in public affairs. In 1896 he was one of the New 
Jersey Republican electors and served again in that capa- 
city in 1900. When the term of United States Senator Smith 
expired Mr. Drj'den was put forward as a candidate for the 
seat, but he made no effort to attain it and gave no en- 
couragement to his friends. Engrossed with business 
affairs, he had shown no desire for public office, though 
always keenly alive to party interests. In the last cam- 
paign for Governor he appeared at the great meeting in 
the Newark Auditorium and made a brilliant speech in 
favor of the election of Franklin Murphy. To the party 



BIOGRAPHIES. 255 

organization he has been a generous contributor. He is 
one of the state committee to raise a fund for a memorial 
to the late President William McKinley, at Canton, Ohio, 
and he is a steady contributor to religious and charitable 
objects. On January 29, 1902, the Legislature of New Jer- 
sey elected Mr. Dryden to fill the unexpired term of Sen- 
ator William J. Sewell, deceased. He was sworn into office 
on February 4. His term will expire on March 4, 1907. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN, 



FIRST DISTRICT. 

Camden, Gloucester and Salem Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 165,078.) 

HENRY C. LOUDENSLAGER. 
(Rep., Woodbury.) 

Mr. Loudenslager was born in Mauricetown, Cumberland 
county, N. J., May 22d, 1852. His parents moved to Pauls- 
boro, Gloucester county, in March, 1856, where he has con- 
tinuously resided ever since. His education was obtained 
in the common schools. After leaving the farm of his 
father, he en^^ered the produce commission business in 
Philadelphia, and continued in it for ten years, from 1872 
to 1882. During this time his father was the County Clerk 
of Gloucester, and except when engaged in the market 
during the produce season, the son was employed in the 
office. He was elected to the office in 1882, and was re- 
elected in 1887. At both of his elections he ran far ahead 
of his ticket, his plurality the last time being 946. He is a 
member of the State Republican Committee. Mr. Louden- 
slager is well known all over the State from his secret 
society connections. He has been the Great Keeper of 
Wampum, Improved O. R. M., of this State. He is a mem- 
ber of Florence Lodge, No. 87, F. & A. M., and is a 32d- 
degree Mason. In 1902 he was elected to a sixth term in 
Congress by a plurality of 5,092 over former Judge Richard 
T. Miller, Democrat. 

1902— Loudenslager, Rep., 20,371; Miller, Dem., 15,279; Sea- 
greaves, Pro., 1,120. Loudenslager's plurahty, 5,092. 



256 BIOGRAPHIES. 

SECOND DISTRICT, 

Cape May, Atlantic, Cumberland and Burlington Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 169,037.) 

JOHN J. GARDNER. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Gardner was born in Atlantic county, October 17, 1845, 
and since 1856 has resided in Atlantic City, excepting during 
his term of service in the Civil War. He was reared a wat- 
erman until sixteen years of age, when he enlisted for three 
years in the Sixth New Jersey Volunteers; in March, 1865, 
he enlisted for one year in the United States Veteran Vol- 
unteers. He is in the real estate and insurance business. 
He was elected Mayor of Atlantic City in 1868, '69, '70, '73 
and '74— having declined the nomination in 1872 and 1875. In 
the latter year he was elected a member of the Common 
Council, and one of the Coroners of the county. He was 
elected Senator in 1877, and was re-elected in 1880, '83, '86 and 
'89. He beat the record, with regard to the length of ser- 
vice, of any State Senator in the history of the State, hav- 
ing served five consecutive terms, or fifteen years alto- 
gether. In the session of 1883 he was President of the 
Senate, when he discharged the duties of the position with 
much ability and impartiality. He always took a promi- 
nent part in legislation, and during many years was the 
leader of his party in the Senate. He was a delegate-at- 
large to the National Republican Convention at Chicago 
in 1884. He is a member of the State Republican Com- 
mittee. He was elected to a sixth term in Congress in 1902 
by a plurality of 10,501 over Thomas Gash, the Democratic 
candidate. 

1902— Gardner, Rep., 19,966; Gash, Dem.; 9,465; Owen, Pro., 
2,333; Davis, Soc, 199. Gardner's plurality, 10,501. 



THIRD DISTRICT, 

Middlesex, Monmouth and Ocean Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 181,566.) 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN HOWELL. 
(Rep., New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Howell was born in Cumberland county, N. J., Jan- 
uary 27th, 1844, and is President of the People's National 
Bank of New Brunswick. He wJls Surrogate of Middlesex 
county for ten years, from November, 1882, until NQVQmber, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 257 

1892. He served with the Twelfth New Jersey Volunteers 
throughout the Civil War. He came to South Amboy, 
where he entered business, and continued his residence 
there until 1882, when he was elected Surrogate and re- 
moved to New Brunswick. He served three years as a 
member of the Township Committee, and two years as 
Chosen Freeholder, during the last year of which he was 
Director of the Board. He is a Director of the New Bruns- 
wick Savings Bank and Vice-president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Perth Amboy. In 1892 he was a delegate to 
the Republican National Convention at Minneapolis. He 
was elected to a fifth term in Congress in 1902 by a plurality 
of 1,669 over former Congressman Geissenhainer, the Dem- 
ocratic candidate. 

1902— Howell, Rep., 20,014; Geissenhainer, Dem., 18,345; 
Crowell, Pro., 546. Howell's plurality, 1,669. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Hunterdon, Somerset and Mercer Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 162,820.) 

WILLIAM M. LANNING. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Judge Lanning was born on a farm in Ewing township, 
Mercer county, N. J., January 1, 1849. His ancestors were 
among the earliest settlers in New Jersey, the family hav- 
ing resided within the territory now embraced in Mercer 
county since 1698. 

He was given a liberal education, graduating from the 
Lawrenceville High School in 1866. For six years subse- 
quent to his graduation he taught in the district schools of 
Mercer county and from 1872 to 1878 he was engaged as a 
teacher in the old Trenton Academy; from 1878 to 1880 he 
was principal of the public school at East Trenton, 

It was while acting as a justice of the peace in Ewing 
township that he acquired a taste for the law. He was 
elected as justice of the peace in 1876 and studied hard to 
fit himself for the place. From this study he decided to 
make law his life's work, and during the last four years of 
his position as a teacher he was also engaged in the study 
of the law with the late George A. Anderson and General 
Edward L. Campbell as his preceptors. He was admitted 
to the bar in November, 1880. 

Mr. Lanning at once opened an office in Trenton and his 
ability was soon recognized. In 1883 he was admitted as a 
17 



258 BIOGRAPHIES. 

counselor at law, and the following year he was made 
City Solicitor of Trenton. He served in that capacity until 
1887, when he was made Judge of the City District Court, 
a position he occupied until 1891, when, with other District 
Court judges, he was legislated out of office. 

"With Judge Vroom, Judge Lanning in 1S87 compiled the 
"Supplement to the Revision" of th3 General Statutes of 
New Jersey. In 1894 they were authorized by legislative 
enactment to compile and publish an up-to-date set of 
the General Statutes. 

In 18S5 Judge Lanning published a standard work entitled 
"Help for Township Of!icers," which has run into a second 
edition. He was a member of the Special Commission that 
framed the present comprehensive township laws. Judgn 
Lanning was a member of the Constitutional Commission 
of 1894 and has participated in many notable events of a 
legal character in the state. 

He is a director and counsel for the Mechanics National 
Bank and for several years w^as also counsel for the Tren- 
ton Banking Company. He served for a time as President 
of the Mechanics Bank, being succeeded by Clerk in Chan- 
cery Stokes in that position. 

Judge Lanning is a member of the Board of Managers of 
the Trenton Savings Fund Society, of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church 
in the United States of America, of the Board of Directors 
of the Princeton Theological Seminary, and of the Board 
of Trustees of the Lawrenceville School. 

He was elected to Congress in 1902 by a plurality of 2,006 
over Colonel Lewis Perrine, the Democratic candidate. 

1902— Lanning, Rep., 18,972; Perrine, Dem., 16,966; Lunger, 
Pro., 588; Wooten, Soc, 381. Lanning's plurality, 2,006. 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Union, Warren and Morris Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 202,290.) 

CHARLES NEWELL FOWLER. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Fowler was born at Lena, Illinois, November 2d, 1S52, 
and is in the banking business. His earlier years were 
passed on his father's farm, where he remained until his 
eighteenth year, when he became a student at Beloit Col- 
lege, Wisconsin. Two years later he entered Yale College, 
from which he was graduated in 1876. He read law in the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 259 

office of Williams & Thompson, in Chicago, and attended 
the Chicago Law School, and was graduated in 1878. He 
has been more or less engaged in active politics since he 
came to Elizabeth, eighteen years ago, and for some time 
he has been Chairman of the City Republican Central Com- 
mittee. He has served as a member-at-large of the Re- 
publican State Committee since 1898. He took an active 
part in the campaign for the election of Foster M. Voorhees 
as Governor. He was elected to a fifth term in Congress 
in 1902 by a plurality of 1,149 over DeWitt Clinton Flanagan, 
the Democratic candidate. 

1902— Fowler, Rep., 21,030; Flanagan, Dem., 19,881; Van 
Cise, Pro., 883; Beaman, Soc, 415; Grieb, Soc.-Lab., 231. 
Fowler's plurality, 1,149. 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Bergen, Passaic and Sussex Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 257,777.) 

WILLIAM HUGHES. 
(Dem., Paterson.) 

Mr. Hughes was born in Ireland on April 3, 1872, and 
came to this country with his parents when a child. He 
obtained nothing more than a common school education, 
abandoning his studies in 1882 to take a position as reel boy 
with the Barbour Flax Spinning Company, of Paterson. 
When he worked there for two months he returned to 
school, but after a short period of study he resumed work 
in a silk mill. He worked as a weaver for various silk firms 
in the city of Paterson until 1893, when he entered Oak- 
ley's Business College, at Paterson, where he studied and 
made himself proficient in the practice of stenography and 
typewriting. He then secured a position with the Amer- 
ican Grocery Company in New York city as stenographer, 
and remained with that firm for about a year, leaving it 
for the purpose of beginning the study of law in the ofRce 
of William M. Rysdyk, of Paterson. In 1898 he abandoned 
his studies to enlist in Company A of the Second Regi- 
ment, N. G. N. J. v. I., and served with his company at 
Sea Girt and Jacksonville, Fla., during the five months the 
regiment was in the volunteer service. At Sea Girt Mr. 
Hughes was detailed as stenographer to Governor Foster 
M. Voorhees and at Jacksonville was assigned to the head- 
quarters of the Seventh Army Corps, where for a period of 
three months he acted as stenographer to Major-General 



260 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Fitzhugh Lee. Returning to Paterson when the regiment 
was mustered out of the service, in September, 1898, he 
entered the office of William Nelson to resume his legal 
studies. After remaining with Mr. Nelson for a time he 
entered the office of former Attorney-General John W, 
Griggs, where he remained until he was admitted to the 
bar, in June, 1900. During all his young manhood Mr. 
Hughes has been intimately connected with the cause of 
organized labor. He was President of the Eastside Work- 
ingmen's Association in 1897 and after his admission to the 
bar became the counsel for the BricHlayers and Masons' 
Union, the Bakers' Union, the Ribbon Weavers' Union and 
the United Silk W^orkers of America. Associated with 
Mr. James G. Blauvelt, he acted as counsel for the weavers 
in the celebrated Chancery case in which Vice-Chancellor 
Pitney held a number of striking silk workers to be guilty 
of contempt of court and sentenced them to fines and im- 
prisonment. This case has been carried through every 
court in the state and is now pending in the United States 
Supreme Court. Mr. Hughes married while a soldier in 
1898, returning to Paterson from Jacksonville on furlough 
for that purpose. He was a candidate for Assembly on 
the Democratic ticket in Passaic county in 1901. He ran 
more than 800 ahead of his ticket, but was defeated by 
Raymond Bogert, Republican, by 409 votes in the county. 
1902— Hughes, Dem., 24,084: Barbour, Rep.. 20,236; Rich- 
ards. Pro., 435; Wyatt, Soc, 777: Magnet, Soc.-Lab., 419. 
Hughes' plurality, 3,848. 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Fourth, Sixth. Seventh, Eighth, Eleventh and 
Fifteenth wards of the city of Newark, and the city 
of Orange, and the towns of Bloomfield, Montclair and 
West Orange, and the boroughs of Glen Ridge, Cald- 
well and North Caldwell, and the townships of Frank- 
lin, Belleville, Livingston, Verona and Caldwell, all in 
the county of Essex. 

(Population, census of 1900, 177,106.) 

RICHARD WAYNE PARKER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Parker was born in Morristown, N. J., August 6th, 
1848, and is a lawyer by profession. He was graduated from 
Princeton College in 1867, studied law in the Columbia Law 
School, New York, and was admitted to the bar in 1870. He 
then became the law partner of his father, Cortlandt 



BIOGRAPHIES. 261 

Parker, and the partnership still exists. He was a member 
of Assembly from Essex county in 1885 and 1886, when he 
took a prominent part in legislation. In 1892 he was de- 
feated for Congress by the late Thomas Dunn English. In 
1902 he was elected to a fifth term in Congress by a plural- 
ity of 5,507 over George A. Miller, the Democratic candi- 
date. 

1902— Parker, Rep., 19,878: Miller, Dem., 14,371; Roff, Pro., 
243; Dey, See, 335; Walker, Soc.-Lab., 297. Parker's plur- 
ality, 5,507. 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

The Second, Third. Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth, Thir- 
teenth and Fourteenth wards of the city of Newark, 
and the city of East Orange, and the town of Irvington. 
and the borough of Vailsburgh, and the village and 
township of South Orange, and the townships of Clin- 
ton and Milburn, all in the county of Essex. 
(Population, census of 1900, 181,947.) 

WILLIAM H. WILEY. 
(Rep., East Orange.) 

Major Wiley, son of the late John Wiley, of East Orange, 
was born in New York city in 1842. He was graduated from 
the College of the City of New York in the class of '61, 
known as the war class. He enlisted in the army at the 
age of 19. He was commissioned as First Lieutenant, was 
promoted to a Captaincy, and was finally rewarded with 
the brevet rank of Major for gallant and meritorious serv- 
ices. He had charge of a battery on Morris Island in the 
bombardment of Fort Sumter and for a time was in com- 
mand of Fort Wagner. After the war he entered the Troy 
Polytechnic Institute and was duly graduated therefrom. 
He has been assistant engineer of the Brooklyn Water 
Works and of the Croton Water Works, also of Riverside 
Park in Chicago. He was also resident engineer of the 
Reading Railroad for a time. He was engaged in making 
surveys in Pennsylvania for the Newhope and Philadelphia 
Railroad, afterward connected with the Bound Brook 
route. He was superintendent of a mine in the Hocking 
Valiej^ Ohio, with headquarters in Zanesville. In 1875 he 
became a member of the publishing house of John Wiley 
& Sons, which is now composed of himself and his brother 
Charles Wiley. Major Wiley is a member of the American 
Society of Civil Engineers, is Treasurer of the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers, a member of the Amer- 



262 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ican Institute of Mining Engineers, the American Institute 
cf Electrical Engineers, the Society for the Advancement 
of Science, the Metropolitan Museum of Arts, the Munici- 
pal Arts Society, and the National Geographical Society. 

He was at one time Vice-president of the Engineer's 
Club, of New York; is a member of the Loyal Legion, 
Army and Navy Club, and University Club, and Aldine 
Club, all of New York, and the Republican Club of East 
Orange. He used to be quite active in East Orange affairs, 
and in 188G, 1887 and 1888 was a member of the Township 
Committee, serving as Chairman a part of the time. His 
advice and experience were most valuable in connection 
with the introduction of sewerage, that great improve- 
ment having been inaugurated during his membership. 

In 1897 he was made President of one of the Juries at the 
Brussels Exposition, and although the rules of the Expo- 
sition forbid any member of a Jury to be a member of the 
Superior Jury, that body passed a resolution by which he 
was made a member of it and served during their deliber- 
ations. For his services he received a decoration from 
King Leopold, but has been often heard to say the Loyal 
Legion badge was all the decoration that any American 
needed in the presence of his countrymen. Governor Mur- 
phj^ appointed him a member of the New Jersey Commis- 
sion of the St. Louis Purchase Exposition, and as he is the 
correspondent of "Engineering," of London, the foremost 
paper of its kind in the world, he has been able by this 
connection to assist in calling the attention of the English 
people to this Exposition, which it is believed will result 
ih a satisfactory exhibit from Great Britain. 

In 1902 the Major was elected to Congress by a plurality 
of 6,809 over Henry G. Atwater. his Democratic opponent. 

1902— Wiley, Rep., 18,814; Atwater, Dem., 12,005; Berryman, 
Pro., 192; Billings, Soc, 712. Wiley's plurality, 6,809. 



NINTH DISTIUCT. 

The city of Bayonne, the Seventh, Eig^hth, Ninth, Tenth, 
Eleventh and Twelfth wards of the city of Jersey City, 
and all the Sixth ward of said city of Jersey City ex- 
cepting the first and second precincts, or that portion 
which lies north of the Morris canal and east of Sum- 
mit avenue, and the towns of Kearney and Harrison, 
and the borough of East Newark, all in the county of 
Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1900, 176,319.) 



BIOGRAPHIES. 263 

ALLAN BENNY. 
(Dem., Bayonne.) 

Mr. Benny was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., July 12th, 1867, 
and is a lawyer by profession, having been admitted to the 
bar at the age of twenty-one. He is of Scotch parentage 
He was a member of the Board of Councilmen, Bayonne, 
from 1892 to 1894, representing the First ward. At the expi- 
ration of his term in April, 1894, he was a candidate for 
re-election against William J. O'Brien (now deceased), late 
President of Council, Bayonne (Dem.), and William J. 
Haver (Rep.). The election returns gave Mr. Haver 114 
votes, Mr. O'Brien 260 votes and Allan Benny 259 votes, and 
"Benny" 1 vote. Mr. Benny claimed the vote cast for 
"Benny" should be counted for him, and contested the 
election before Judge Lippincott, in the Hudson County 
Circuit Court, who decided that he should have the 
"Benny" vote, but it appearing in the ca.se that his father 
was a Scotchman, and not naturalized here at the time 
of his son's birth, Judge Lippincott decided that therefore 
he was not a citizen of the United States, and declared 
O'Brien elected. Upon an appeal to the Supreme Court, 
Judge Lippincott's decision was reversed. Mr. Benny was 
declared to be a citizen by virtue of his birth in this coun- 
try, and the election was declared a tie. (See case reported 
in 29th Vroom, page 36.) Mr. O'Brien, who had taken the 
seat because of Judge Lippincott's decision, was forced to 
vacate, and it remained vacant the remainder of the term. 
Mr. Benny was elected to the Assembly in 1897 by a plural- 
ity of 8,623 over Lees, the highest candidate on the Repub- 
lican ticket. He was re-elected in 1898 by a plurality of 
8,345 over Basse, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket, and again in 1899 by a plurality of 9,860 over Wom- 
elsdorf, the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 
He received more votes than any other candidate on his 
ticket. He was at all times active in legislative matters 
and made quite a record as an orator and a debater. In 
1300 he was elected City Attorney of Bayonne and in 1902 
was re-elected for another term of two years. 

Mr. Benny was elected to Congress by a plurality of 792 
over Robert Carey, the Republican candidate. 

1902— Benny, Dem., 14,492; Carey, Rep., 13,700; Parker, 
Pro., 147; Hopkins, Soc, 813; Herrschaft, Soc.-Lab., 378. 
Benny's plurality, 792. 



264 BIOGRAPHIES. 

TENTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth wards of the 
city of Jersey City, and all that portion of the Sixth 
ward of said city (the first and second precincts) which 
lies north of the Morris canal and east of Summit ave- 
nue, and the city of Hoboken, and the towns of West 
Hoboken, Union, West New York and Guttenburg-, and 
the townships of North Bergen and Weehawken, and 
the borough of Secaucus, all in the county of Hudson. 
(Population, census of 1900, 209,735.) 

ALLAN LANGDON McDERMOTT. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. McDermott was born in South Boston, Mass., on the 
30th of March, 1854. His father was Hugh Farrer McDer- 
mott, who, to use the language of the memorial resolutions 
adopted by the New York Press Club, on his decease, in 
1890, "in the wide scope of his literary labors, as journalist, 
dramatist, author and poet, made a conspicuous place and 
earned enduring fame for himself." His mother's maiden 
name was Annie J. Langdon, and she was of one of the 
oldest families in New England. In 1870 the subject of this 
sketch determined to follow journalism, and, as a prelim- 
inary step, learned to set type and run a press. A few 
verses published in a Boston paper, and reprinted in the 
New York Telegram, in 1870, show that Mr. McDermott had 
a very narrow escape from a literary tomb. In 1876 he 
entered the law school of the University of the City of New 
York, and was graduated the following year, delivering an 
essay on "The Sanction of the Law," at the commencement 
exercises held at the Academy of Music in June, 1877. The 
same year he was admitted to the bar of New Jersey, be- 
coming a counselor in 1880. While he was a student in the 
office of the late Leon Abbett there was formed a friend- 
ship between preceptor and pupil which had grown with 
the years, and had on rnore than one occasion evidenced a 
steadfastness which is rarely found in the harsh lines of 
political association. In 1878 Mr. McDermott was defeated 
as a candidate for Assembly from the Fourth District of 
Hudson county, but was elected in 1879 and 1880, and in 1881 
was the Democratic candidate for Speaker of that body. 
From 1878 to 1883 he was Corporation Attorney of Jersey 
City, resigning that position when appointed Judge of the 
Second District Court by Governor Ludlow. In 1884 Gov- 
ernor Abbett appointed Mr. McDermott a member of the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 265 

State Board of Assessors. In that position he formulated 
the rules which have ever since been followed in the taxa- 
tion of railroad property and corporate franchises in New 
Jersey. In 1886 Governor Abbett nominated him as Clerk in 
Chancery, and he was confirmed by the Senate. In com- 
municating- the fact to the Legislature, the late ex-United 
States Senator Cattell, also a member of the State Board, 
wrote: "The Hon. Allan L. McDermott, one of the original 
m.embers of the Board, was during the last session of the 
Legislature appointed and confirmed as Clerk in the Court 
of Chancery, and on the 1st of April resigned as a member 
of this Board to enter upon his new position. Much of the 
success of the early work of this Board is due to the intelli- 
gent and faithful service of Mr. McDermott, largely sup- 
plemented by his legal knowledge, which was invaluable. 
The Board parted with him most regretfully, and we are 
free to say that in our judgment it will be difficult to find 
one who will in all respects fill his place." In 1884, '85 and 
'86 Mr. McDermott was President of the Board of Finance 
and Taxation of Jersey City. Upon his retirement from 
that position the Argus said: "The withdrawal of Allan L. 
McDermott from the management of our municipal 
finances is a public calamity. His clear head, his honesty 
of purpose and untiring energy have rendered him of ines- 
timable value to our city. He has introduced and enforced 
rigid principles of economy in our local expenditures, and 
has, with the aid of his colleagues, established an ad- 
mirable financial system, which has placed our credit 
above cavil or suspicion." He was renominated for Clerk 
in Chancery, in 1891, by Governor Abbett, and he was again 
confirmed by the Senate. In 1892 Mr. McDermott was, be- 
cause of dissatisfaction with the existing local govern- 
ment, defeated in a canvass for the Mayoralty of Jersey 
City. In 1894 he was nominated by Governor Werts as a 
member of the commission appointed to revise the State 
Constitution. He was chairman of the State Democratic 
Committee from 1886 until 1896, and drafted every platform, 
with one exception, adopted by a State Democratic Con- 
vention during that time. 

In 1898 he was appointed by Mayor Hoos Corporation 
Counsel of Jersey City. He resigned that office in 1902. 
In the former year he was elected to the State Senate by a 
plurality of 9.528. He served two years in that body and 
resigned the office in the fall of 1900. He was nominated 
for Congress to fill the unexpired term of the late William 
D. Daly, and he was also nominated for a full term, with 
small opposition in his own party. He was elected for the 



266 BIOGRAPHIES. 

short term by a plurality of 3,426 and for the long term 
by a plurality of 3,241 over Marshall Van Winkle, the Re- 
publican candidate. He was elected to Congress in the new 
Tenth district in 1902 by a plurality of 8,716 over James D. 
Manning, who was the candidate of the Republicans and 
Independent Democrats. 

1902— McDermott, Dem., 19,311; Manning, Rep. and Ind. 
Dem., 10.595; Artz, Pro., 41; Krafft, Soc, 879; Merquelin, 
Soc.-Lab., 523. McDermott's plurality, 8,716. 



THE OLD FOURTH DISTRICT. 

DE WITT CLINTON FLANAGAN. 
(Dem., Morristown.) 

This district was formed of the counties of Hunterdon. 
Morris, Sussex and Warren and was obliterated by the 
act of March 19. 1901, which created ten new districts, to 
go into effect March 4, 1903. 

Joshua S. Salmon, who represented this district, died 
during the first session of the Fifty-seventh Congress and 
the vacancy was filled at a special election held on June 
17, 1902, by the choice of DeWitt Clinton Flanagan, Demo- 
crat, of Morristown. The Republicans did not nominate a 
candidate. 

Mr. Flanagan, who is thirty-six years old, was born in 
New York city, where his ancestors on his father's side 
lived for ever 100 years. His great grandfather, Christo- 
pher Flanagan, came to America from Dublin, Ireland, in 
1775. He served on an American war vessel during the War 
of Independence. His son, James Augustus, afterward 
Judge Flanagan, was a warm personal friend of DeWitt 
Clinton, at one time Governor of New York, after whom 
the Congressman was nam.ed. The Congressman's father 
w-as James Flanagan, who was well-known in business 
circles in New York, and his uncle, John R. Flanagan, 
was a noted New York lawj^er and one of the founders of 
the Bar Association. On his mother's side Mr. Flanagan 
belongs to an old New Jersey family living at Keyport. 
After a preparatory course Mr. Flanagan completed his 
education at Columbia College, New York, and has been 
actively engaged in business since the age of twenty-one. 
He has lived in Morristown, more or less, for thirty years. 

The vote at the special election was as follows: For 
Flanagan— Morris, 879; Hunterdan, 735; Warren, 942; Sus- 
sex, 502. Total, 3,058. George H. Large received 75 in Hun- 
terdon. There were several scattering votes recorded. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 267 



STATE SENATORS, 



Atlantic County. 

(Population, 46.402.) 

EDWARD SPROGELL LEE. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Senator Lee was born in Philadelphia, October 22, 1857, 
and is a builder and contractor, and has been a resident 
of Atlantic City since 1877. His first political position was 
as a member of the Board of Health in 1886-87, of which 
body he was Treasurer in the latter year. In March, 1888. 
he was elected to the City Council, for three years, and 
was re-elected in '91-'94, '97 and 1900, being five consecutive 
terms. In 1901 he was elected to the State Senate by a 
plurality of 211 over William B. Loudenslager, the Demo- 
cratic candidate. Last year he served as Chairman of the 
Committees on Miscellaneous Business, Riparian Rights 
and Printing-, and as a member of the Committees on Com- 
merce and Navigation, Education, and Public Grounds 
and Buildings. 

1901— Lee, Rep., 4,752; Loudenslager, Dem., 4,541; Benje, 
Pro., 144. Lee's plurality, 211. 



Bergen County. 

(Population 78,441.) 

EDMUND ^. WAKELEE. 
(Rep., Demarest.) 

Senator Wakelee was, born at Kingston, N. Y., November 
21st, 1869, and is a lawyer by profession. He is the youngest 
member of the present Senate. He was graduated from the 
Kingston Academy and then entered the New York Uni- 
versity, from which institution he was graduated in 1891. 
He was admitted to the bar in the same year. He made his 
home in Bergen county, where he is now practicing law, 
having an office in Englewood, and also in New York city. 
He is a member of Alpine Lodge, No. 77, F. & A. M., of 
Closter, and of Northern Valley Lodge, Knights of Honor, 
Tenafly, and all the prominent clubs in Bergen county. He 
served two years in the House of Assembly, in 1899 and 1900, 



268 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and during the latter year he was the Republican leader 
on the floor of the House. He took a prominent part in 
legislation and made himself so popular that, when William 
M. Johnson resigned his seat in the Senate as a representa- 
tive from Bergen county to accept the ofRce of First As- 
sistant Postmaster-General of the United States, Mr. 
Wakelee was nominated by his party to fill the vacancy, 
and he was elected by a plurality of 2,163 over his Demo- 
cratic opponent, Frank O. Mittag. In 1901 the Senator was 
elected for a full term of three years by a plurality of 1,321 
over Conkling, the Democratic candidate. Last year he 
ser\'ed as Chairman of the Committee on Revision of Laws 
and School for Deaf Mutes, and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Boroughs and Townships, and Labor and Indus- 
tries. 

1901— Wakelee, Rep., 7,355; Conkling, Dem., 6,034; Ware, 
Pro., 74; Wyatt, Soc, 94. Wakelee's plurality, 1,321. 



Burlington County. 

(Population, 58,241.) 

NATHAN H4INES. 
(Rep., Burlington.) 

Senator Haines was born at Woodstown, Salem county, 
N. J., December 31r>t, 1833. He is cashier of the Mechanics 
National Bank of Burlington, a position he has occupied 
since January, 1869. Previously he was a teller in the old 
Burlington Bank for a period of six years. Formerly he 
was a farmer and at another time a druggist. For three 
years he was President of the Common Council of Burling- 
ton, during which period the present water works system 
was established. For two years he was City Treasurer, 
and since 1871 to the present time he has been treasurer of 
a successful building and loan association. He was Chair- 
man of the County Board of Elections since the creation 
of that body and until he was elected to the Senate, when 
he resigned that ofhce. He is President of the Burlington 
Electric Light and Power Company and the Delaware River 
Navigation Company. He is a member of the Union 
League of Philadelphia. He has always taken an active 
part in the politics of Burlington county and for many 
years was a member of the Republican County Executive 
Committee. He cast his first vote for John C. Fremont for 
President in 1856 and has voted for every Republican can- 
didate since that time. He has never been an oflace 



BIOGRAPHIES. 269 

seeker. For some years the Senator was prominent 
in Masonic circles, for six years he was grand master of 
his lodge, No. 32, and for two years deputy grand mas- 
ter of the state. He served in the National Guard 
of New Jersey from 1880 until 1896 on the staff of the Sixth 
Regiment, and he was appointed by Governor Griggs as 
Aide-de-Camp, with the rank of Colonel, on his staff. He 
was also on the staff of General Grubb, on special duty 
with the New Jersey Battalion at Yorktown, in 1881, and 
assisted in winning the trophy and bringing it to Trenton. 
He is now on the retired list with the rank of colonel. 

The Senator was educated at the schools of his native 
place and later at the Chesterfield Academy. He taught 
school for five years, and in 1860 moved to Burlington. He 
is of Quaker ancestry. He was elected to the State Senate 
by a plurality of 1,823 over Howard E. Packer, Democrat, 
who sought a re-election. 

Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Militia and Soldiers' Home, and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Finance, Public Health, Unfinished Business 
and Printing. 

1900— Haines, Rep., 7,796; Packer, Dem., 5,973; Vail, Pro., 
523. Haines' plurality, 1,823. 



Camden County. 

(Population. 107,641.) 

WILLIAM J. BRADLEY. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Senator Bradley was born in Wicomico county, Md., May 
6th, 1852, and is a tnechanical engineer. He came from 
Maryland to Wilmington, Del., in 1870, and thence to Cam- 
den in 187;1, where he has since resided. He is connected 
with many business enterprises in Camden and vicinity. 
He was elected to the Camden City Council in 1892, was 
legislated out of office in 1893, when he was re-elected for 
a full term of two years. He was President of Council 
from 1893 to 1894. He was a delegate to the National Re- 
publican Convention held at Philadelphia in 1900. He 
served in the House of Assembly for five consecutive terms 
from 1898 to 1902, making a record of service rarely equalled 
in New Jersey. In 1901 and 1902 he filled the Speaker's 
chair with admirable ability. He was one of the seven 
Speakers who were re-elected to a second term of office 
since the adoption of the present State Constitution in 



270 BIOGRAPHIES. 

1844. He was elected to the State Senate in 1902 by a plur- 
ality of 5,013 over William C. French, the Democratic can- 
didate. 

1902— Bradley, Rep., 13,690; French, Dem., 8,647; Sharp, 
Pro., 476; Crane, Sos., 181. Bradley's plurality, 5,043. 



Cape May County. 

(Population, 13,201.) 

ROBERT E. HAND. 

(Rep., Erma.) 

Senator Hand was born at Erma, Cape May county, June 
2Sth, 1854, where he still resides. He was educated in the 
public schools, and at an early age gave evidence of busi- 
ness ability of an unusual order. He is now extensively 
engaged in oyster-planting and general contracting. He 
is the owner of hundreds of acres of valuable timber lands, 
from which he cuts railroad ties, piling, poles, &c., in great 
quantity. He employs more labor than any other man in 
the county. He married Lizzie W., daughter of Captain 
William S. Hoffman, of Cold Spring, N. J., in 1878. He be- 
gan his public career as a member of the local Board of 
Education, and was its District Clerk for twelve years. 
He was an active and influential member of the Board of 
Freeholders from 1887 to 1892, and was elected Sheriff in the 
latter year, after one of the most masterly campaigns in 
the history of the county. He attended as a delegate the 
National Republican Convention at St. Louis, June IGth, 
1S96. He was elected to the Assembly in 1896, by a plurality 
of 469 over Roden, Democrat. In November, 1S97, he was 
elected State Senator for a term of three years over David 
W. Roden, by a plurality of 205, after one of the hot' est 
contests ever knowft to have taken place in the county, 
being the only Republican Senator elected in New Jersey 
at that time. His many friends throughout the State con- 
gratulated him on his brilliant and decisive victory, and in 
their appreciation of his abilities are of the unanimous 
opinion that, in politics as well as in business, he is in the 
foremost rank of enterprising citizens. He was re-elected 
to the Senate in 1900 by the increased plurality of 325 over 
Miller, Democrat. He is the only Republican Senator who 
was ever re-elected in Cape May. Last year he served as 
Chairman of the Committees on Commerce and Naviga- 
tion and Finance, and as a member of the Committees on 
Elections and Treasurer's Accounts. 

1900— Hand, Rep., 1,791; Miller, Dem., 1,466; Lake, Pro., 220. 
Hand's plurality, 325. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 271 

Cumberland County. 

(Population, 51.193.) 

BLOOMFIELD H. MINCH. 
(Rep., Bridgeton.) 

Senator Minch was born In Hopewell township, near 
Bridgeton, N. J., October 10, 1864. He vras graduated at 
the South Jersey Institute in 1883, took a business course 
in the Bryant & Stratton College in Philadelphia, and 
entered into business with William O. Garrison at Bridge- 
ton under the firm name of Garrison & Minch, dealing 
extensively in farmers' supplies .and doing general con- 
tractirg. The Senator is a director in the Bridgeton 
National Bank, the Cumberland Trust Company, Bridge- 
ton, and the Security Trust Company, Camden. 

He was for three years a member of the House of Assem- 
bly, being first elected in 1895, and served upon important 
committees during his term of office, being Chairman 
of the Committee of Municipal Corporations in 1897. As 
a candidate for Senator Mr. Minch led his ticket in Cum- 
berland county, having a plurality of 1,977. Last year he 
served as Chairman of the Committee on Passed Bills and 
as a member of the Committees on Agriculture, Com- 
merce and Navigation, and Game and Fisheries. 

1901— Minch, Rep., 5.554: Burt, Dem., 3,577; Bateman, 
Pro., 566. Minch' plurality, 1,977. 



Essex County. 
(Population, 359,053.) 

JOSEPH HENRY BACHELLER. 

(Rep., Newark.) 

Senator Bacheller was born in Newark, N. J., February 
1, 1869. He received his education in the public school and 
Newark High School. He is in charge of large property 
interests connected with an estate. He was elected Alder- 
man from the Ninth ward, Newark, in 1897, and was re- 
elected in 1899 and 1891. For. three years he was the Re- 
publican leader of the Board of Aldermen and his party 
colleagues unanimously elected him President of that body 
for the year 1903. He served as an Assemblyman during 
the years 1900, '01, '02, and he was the leader of the Essex 



272 BIOGRAPHIES. 

delegation during- the last two j'ears. During- his service 
in the Assembly he was a member of prominent commit- 
tees and always took an active interest in legislative mat- 
ters. He was elected to the State Senate after a sharp 
campaign by a plurality of 10,269 over his Democratic 
opponent, Samuel Kalisch. 

1902— Bacheller. Rep., 37,603; Kalisch, Dem., 27,334; Cairns, 
Pro., 430; Turner, Soc, 1,050. Bacheller's plurality, 10,269. 



Gloucester County. 

(Population, 31,905.) 

THOMAS M. FERRELL. 
(Dem., Glassboro.) 

Senator Ferrell was born at Glassboro, where he has 
always resided, June 20, 1844. At a tender age he found 
himself one of the waiter boys of a glass factory, whose 
business it was to assist the workmen and do errands 
about the furnace fires. As he grew to manhood he became 
a skilled workman and educated himself in the teeth of 
adversity. 

His popularity in Gloucester county was so great that 
he was trusted with seAeral public offices. In 1872-73 he was 
a member of the Township Committee and was a School 
Trustee for five years, 1874-79. He was elected to the House 
of Assembly in 1879-80, in the latter year over one of the 
strongest Republicans in the county, Mr. Homer, by a 
majority of 11. In 1881 he was elected State Senator by a 
majority of 486 over Caleb C. Pancoast, a strong Republi- 
can and a former member of the Assembly. At that elec- 
tion the county gave a majority of 687 for Garfield for 
President of the United States. During his legislative 
career, Mr. Ferrell made a most creditable record, and 
with jealous care he, at all times, watched legislation 
appertaining to the working class, which enhanced his 
already deserved popularity. This placed him in high rank 
in the councils of his party, so much so that he was nom- 
inated for Congress in 3881 in the First district, which was 
largelj' Republican, and against ex-Secretary of the Navy 
George M. Robeson, who was known as a political giant 
on the other side. Mr. Ferrell made a rousing campaign, 
which resulted in his election by a plurality of 1,716. This 
was considered one of the greatest political victories ever 



BIOGRAPHIES. 273 

achieved in New Jersey and Mr. Ferrell became the lion 
of the hour when he entered the chamber of the National 
House of Representatives. 

In 1885 Mr. Ferrell was appointed by President Cleveland 
Collector of Internal "Revenue for the First District of New 
Jersey, which ofTice he held for four years, when he was 
retired owing to a change in the national administration. 
Soon afterward he was placed in charge of the State Sink- 
ing Fund and had supervision of that department for three 
years. 

He had always been active in promoting the welfare of 
the Glassblowers' Association. Through his untiring 
efforts he secured the enactment of a law abolishing the 
use of shin plasters for the payment of wages. Retain- 
ing his popularity among his fellow-workmen, he was 
always looked upon as a strong candidate for public office 
before the people. In 1899 he was nominated as the Demo- 
cratic candidate for State Senator, when he was defeated 
by a plurality of only 169 in a county that was considered 
good on ordinary occasions for 1,600 Republican majority. 
He was a delegate-at-large to the National Democratic 
Convention held at Kansas City in 1900, and in the same 
year he was nominated as a Presidential Elector by his 
party. In 1901 his friends insisted that he become a candi- 
date for the Democratic nomination for Governor. After 
an exciting campaign he was defeated in the Democratic 
State Convention by a small majority by his opponent. 
Mayor Seymour, of Newark. 

In 1902 he was again nominated for the State Senate and 
was elected by a plurality of 120 over William K. Roberson, 
the Republican candidate. 

1902— Ferrell, Dem., 3,709; Roberson, Rep., 3,589; Edwards, 
Pro., 375. Ferrell's plurality, 120. 



Hudson County. 

(Population, 386,048.) 

ROBERT S. HUDSPETH. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Senator Hudspeth was born at Coburg, Canada, October 
27th, 1853, and is a lawyer by profession. He practices in 
New York and New Jersey, having been admitted to the 
bar in both States. He represented the old Sixth district 
of Hudson county in the Legislature of 1886, '87 and '89. In 
J837 he was the regular Democratic nominee for gpe^Ker, 



274 BIOGRAPHIES. 

but was defeated for the office owing to a bolt in his party. 
At the close of the session of that year he was presented 
with a costly gold watch and chain by his Democratic col- 
leagues. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated for the 
Speakership by the Democratic caucus, and was elected to 
the office by a party vote over his Republican competitor. 
He discharged the duties of the Chair very acceptably to 
the members of both parties, and was complimented by 
them just before the adjournment of the Legislature. In 
1891 he received a unanimous nomination for Senator in 
Hudson county to fill the unexpired term (one year) of 
Edward F. McDonald, who had resigned to become a mem- 
ber of Congress, and he was elected by a plurality of 7,255 
over Carr, the Republican candidate. In 1893 he was nomi- 
nated by Governor Werts for Law Judge of Hudson county 
to succeed Job H. Lippincott, who had resigned to become 
a Justice of the Supreme Court, and he was confirmed by 
the Senate and served a term of five years. He was again 
elected to the Senate in 1900 to fill the unexpired term (one 
year) of Allan L. McDermott, who had resigned to accept a 
nomination for Congress. His plurality over his Repub- 
lican opponent, Mark M. Fagan, was 3,850. In 1901 he was 
elected for a full term of three years by a plurality of 
7,279 over George L. Record, the Republican candidate. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Banks and 
Insurance, Judiciary, Federal Relations, Riparian Rights, 
State Library, and Soldiers' Home. 

1901— Hudspeth, Dem.,. 35,964; Record, Rep., 28,685; 
Kearns, Soc, 1,332; Jacob, Soc.-Lab., 590; Burger, Pro., 
233. Hudspeth's plurality, 7,279. 



Hunterdon County. 

(Population. 34,507.) 

WILLIAM C. GEBHARDT. 
(Dem., Clinton.) 

Senator Gebhardt was born at Croton, Hunterdon county, 
N. J., March 28, 1859, and was graduated in the Clinton 
Institute. He was admitted at the June term, 1884, as an 
attorney, and at the June term, 1887, as a counselor. He 
began the practice of his profession at Clinton, N. J., and 
still retains an office there, having one also at 259 Wash- 
ington street, Jersey City. He served as Corporation 
Counsel of the town of Clinton for ten years, and as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Education for three years. He has 



BIOGRAPHIES. 275 

also filled the position of School Principal. H<e was elected 
to the Senate by a plurality of 1,281 over his Republican 
opponent, Albert C. Gandy. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Miscellaneous Business, Revision of Laws, 
State Hospitals, Passed Bills, and Industrial School for 
Girls. 

1900— Gebhardt, Dem., 5,120; Gandy, Rep., 3,839; Bodine, 
Pro., 314. Gebhardt's plurality,' 1,281. 



Mercer County. 

(Population, 95,365.) 

ELIJAH C. HUTCHINSON. " 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Senator Hutchinson was born at Windsor, Mercer county, 
N. J., August 7th, 1855, and is a merchant miller. Before 
his election to the House of Assembly, in 1895. the only 
public office he ever held was that of Township Clerk, 
which he filled for three years. He has been treasurer of 
the Trenton Bone and Fertilizer Company since its organ- 
ization in July, 1889, and its manager since 1892. He is a 
director of the Interstate Fair Association, and was its first 
treasurer, having served three years in that position. He 
does a large business with his fiour mill and grain elevator, 
which are situated in Hamilton township. He was elected 
to the Assembly in 1895 by a plurality of 3,273 over McGal- 
liard. Democrat, and in 1896 by 7,736 over Gill, Democrat. 
In the Legislature of 1896 he served as Chairman of the 
Committee on Clergy, and as a member of the Committees 
on Appropriations, Game and Fisheries and State Prison, 
and also of the Inaugural Committee. In 1897 he was 
Chairman of the Committees on Agriculture and School for 
Deaf-Mutes, and a member of the Committees on Appro- 
priations and Revision of Laws. 

In 1898 he was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 1,461 
over his Democratic opponent. Bayard Stockton, and in 
1901 he was re-elected by the increased plurality of 1,904 
over former Judge Robert S. Woodruff, the Democratic 
candidate. 

During his career in the Legislature the Senator has been 
a very busy man indeed, as he has always taken an active 
interest in matters that came up for legislation, and has 
ever been alert for the promotion of the welfare of the 
people of the State, and more particularly that of his own 
constituency. Last year he served as Chairman of the 



276 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Committees on Appropriations, Stationery, and Reform 
School for Boys, and as a member of the Committee on 
Militia. 

1901— Hutchinson, Rep., 10,861; Woodruff, Dem., 8,957; Bor- 
den, Fro., 322; Pancoast, Soc, 180, Hutchinson's plurality, 
1,904. 



Middlesex County, 

(Population, 79,762.) 

THEODORE STRONG. 
(Rep., New Brunswick,) 

Senator Strong was born at iNew Brunswick, N. J., Jan- 
uary 15th, 1863, and is a lawyer by profession. He was 
graduated from Rutgers College in 1883', studied law with 
the firm of Woodbridge Strong & Sons, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1886 and became a member of the foregoing 
firm, which was dissolved when Woodbridge Strong was 
appointed County Judge of Middlesex in 1896. Then the 
Senator formed a co-partnership with his brother, Alan H. 
Strong, which has continued ever since. The Senator was 
County Solicitor from May, 1895, to May, 1897. He was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 2,072 over James H. 
Van Cleef, his predecessor in ofRce. Last year he served 
as Chairman of the Committees on Public Health, and 
State Prison, and as a member of the Committees on Ap- 
propriations, Municinal Corporations, and Passed Bills. 

1900— Strong, Rep., 9,296; Van Cleef, Dem., 7,224; Crowell, 
Pro., 198. Strong's plurality. 2 072. 



Monmouth County. 

(Population, 82,057.) 

OLIVER HUFF BROWN. 
(Rep., Spring Lake.) 

Senator Brown was born at Farmingdale, N. J., Decem- 
ber 12th, 1S52, and is in the furniture and house-furnishing 
business at Spring Lake, having a branch store at Lake- 
wood. At the age of nineteen he entered a small country 
store at New Branch, N. J., and after conducting it for 
two years he was employed in the establishment of John A. 
Githens, of Asbury Park, where for eight years he acted 
as manager. He made two trips across the ocean, which 



BIOGRAPHIES. 277 

added much to his business qualifications. In 1881 he 
started business for himself at Spring Lake, which was 
then sparsely settled, and he has built it up so much that 
now he owns one of the largest stores along the sea coast. 
In 1889 he established a branch store at Lakewood, in 
which he does a most extensive business. The Senator has 
attained a widespread reputation as an art connoisseur and 
many homes in Philadelphia and other cities contain selec- 
tions of wares from his establishments. He is one of the 
largest property holders of Spring Lake and has been 
Mayor of the borough for the past twelve years. He was 
one of the organizers of the First National Bank of As- 
bury Park, the Monmouth Trust and Safe Deposit Com- 
pany and the Lakewood Trust Company, having served as 
Vice-president of the first institution and as a Director in 
all of them. He is President of the new national bank at 
Spring Lake and also of the First National Bank of Lake- 
wood, and besides he is connected with a number of other 
financial institutions of Monmouth and Ocean counties. 
He is President of the Monmouth Water Company, which 
has a capital of one million dollars. He is interested in 
the coasting trade, being part owner of several schooners, 
one of which bears his name. He is a member of Ashler 
Lodge, No. 142, F. and A. M. In 1896 he was elected to the 
House of Assembly by the phenomenal plurality of 2,182 
over Heyer, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket, and he was at the head of the poll at that election. 

In the Monmouth County Republican Convention of 1902 
Counselor H. H. Wainwright placed Mr. Brown in nomina- 
tion for Senator and it was seconded by Dr. B. S. Keator 
and was then made unanimous. Mr. Brown was elected 
by a plurality of 153 over Dr. Hugh S. Kinmontu, his 
Democratic opponent, after a very lively campaign. 

1902— Brown, Rep., 9,086; Kinmonth, Dem., 8,933; Taylor, 
Pro., 243. Brown's plurality, 153. 



Morris County. 

(Population, 65,156.) 

JACOB W. WELSH. 
(Rep., German Valley.) 
Senator Welsh was born at Middle Valley, Morris county, 
N. J., March 19, 1853, and is a dealer in wagons, harness and 
farm implements. For eleven years he has been a director 
in the Clinton (N. J.j National Bank, has served on the 
Township Committee three years, and been Town Clerk 



278 BIOGRAPHIES. 

for a similar period. He served three years as an Assem- 
blyman from Morris, county— in the sessions of 1898, '99 and 
1900. During- his term of office he was a member of some 
of the most important committees. In 1901 he was elected 
Senator by a plurality of 709 over Thomas H. Hoagland, 
the Democratic candidate. Last year he served as Chair- 
man of the Committees on Agriculture and State Hospi- 
tals, and as a member of the Committees on Banks and 
Insurance, Printed Bills, and Industrial School for Girls. 
ISOl— Welsh, Rep., 6,239; Hoagland, Dem., 5,530; Vaughan, 
Pro., 342. AVelsh's plurality, 709. 



Ocean County. 

rPopulation, 19,747.) 

GEORGE L. SHINN. 
(Rep., New Egypt.) 

Senator Shinn was born at New Egypt, N. J., November 
5, 1S62, and is a merchant. He attended the public school 
at New Egypt and later the New Egypt Seminary (under 
the charge of ex-Senator George D. Horner, a former pro- 
fessor of Pennington Seminary). He studied law with 
Robbins, & Hartshorn, at Freehold, N. J., and subse- 
quently assumed charge of his lather's mercantile busi- 
ness, in which he is now engaged, and he owns one of the 
largest department stores in Ocean county. 

The Senator was elected County Collector of Ocean 
county in 1893 without opposition, and was re-elected in 
1896 by the largest majority ever given a candidate for 
that office in the county. He is a director of the P. & H. 
Railroad Company, the First National Bank of Hights- 
town, and the New Egypt Water Company; and is vice- 
president of the New Egypt Fire Company, and secretary, 
treasurer and principal stockholder of the Union Cran- 
berry Company. He has business interests in Atlantic 
county, N. J., and Baltimore, Md. He is treasurer of the 
William J. Sewell Republican Club of New Egypt, 

Mr. Shinn received the Republican nomination for Sen- 
ator without the least opposition as a compliment to his 
splendid party service, and he was elected by a large ma- 
jority over a popular opponent, leading both the Guber- 
natorial and Assembly candidates on his ticket. He car- 
ried his own township of Plumsted by one of the largest 
majorities ever given a candidate for public office. Last 
year he served as Chairman of the Committee on Labor 



BIOGRAPHIES. 279 

and Industries, Printed Bills, and Treasurer's Accounts, 
and as a member of the Committee on Federal Relations 
and Reform School for Boys. 

1901— Shlnn, Rep.. 2.495; Hoyt, Dem., 1,316; Westcott, Pro., 
165. Shinn's plurality, 1,179. 



Passaio County. 

(Population, 155,202.) 

WOOD McKEE. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Senator McKee was born in Paterson, N. J., November 
10th, 1866, and is a lawyer by profession. He has always 
been connected with 'he Republican party since he had a 
vote, either as a worker or a member of the leading com- 
mittees. He is very well known throughout Passaic county, 
and at the elections in 1897 and 1898, when he was chosen 
as an Assemblyman, he was the highest man on his ticket. 
For ten years he has been a member of the Passaic 
County Republican Executive Committee, and was Vice- 
Chairman of the Campaign Committee when John W. 
Griggs was elected Governor and subsequently when the 
late Garret A. Hobart was chosen Vice-President of the 
United States. He never held a public office before he was 
elected to the Assembly, During: his two years' service in 
the House he was a membei of leading committees and 
always took an active part in legislation. In the session of 
1899 he was the leader of his paity on the floor of the 
Assembly chamber. He was elected to the State Senate 
by a plurality of 3,185 over Van Cleve, Democrat. Last 
year he served as Chairman of the Committees on Educa- 
tion and Industrial School for Girls, and as a member of 
the Committee on Clergy, Corporations, and Game and 
Fisheries. 

1900— McKee, Rep., 15,783; Van Cleve, Dem., 12,598; Forfar, 
Pre, 247; Schmidt, Soc.-Dem., 319; Butterworth, Soc.-Lab., 
355. McKee's plurality, 3,185. 



Salem County. 

(Population. 25,530.) 

JAMES STRIMPLE. 

(Dem., Pedriektown.) 

Senator Strimple was born near Pedriektown, September 
13, 1852. He is a dealer in sturgeon and a manufacturer of 



280 BIOGRAPHIES. 

caviar, and has been a wholesale produce merchant since 
1873. He was formerly a farmer. He is connected with one 
of the largest industries of South Jersey and for thirty 
years he has made a study of the sturgeon business. He 
has pursued his calling on the following rivers: The Ken- 
nebec, Maine; Merrimac, Massachusetts; Delaware, Edisto, 
(south and north), Santee, Ped^e and Black rivers; Win- 
yah bay, South Carolina, and he represents the oldest firm 
in that business in the United States. He is also engaged 
in the pound fishing industry along the Atlantic coast. 
He served as an Assemblyman from Salem county in 1891 
and 1892. In 1899 he was a candidate lor State Senator, but 
was defeated by Richard C. Miiler by the small plurality 
of 64. In 1902, without any solicitation on his part, he was 
induced to enter the contest again for the same office and 
was elected over John Tyler by a plurality of 416. 

1902— Strimple, Dem., 3,327; Tyler, Rep., 2,911; Woolman, 
Pro., 242. Strimple's plurality, 416. 



Somerset County. 

(Population, 32,948.) 

SAMUEL SHANNON CHILDS. 
(Dem., Bernardsville.) 

Senator Childs was born at Basking Ridge, N. J., April 
4, 1863, where his family have been prominent members of 
the community for generations. In his boyhood days he 
attended school in the Franklin District School, Bernards 
township. Later he was a student in the State Model 
School, Trenton, and in the Morristown High School. In 
September, 1885, he entered the U. S. Military Academy 
at West Point, Congressman Howey appointing him, he 
ranking first in the examination at that institution. A 
hard student, he was compelled to resign two years later 
owing to ill health. The year 1887 was spent by him on an 
extensive wheat farm in Dakota. During 1888-9 Mr. Childs 
followed civil engineering, bridge and railroad building. 
He is now serving a thiid term as President of the School 
Board of Bernards township. In 1890 he deemed the oppor- 
tunity favorable for engaging in the restaurant business, 
which he has since developed to a remarkable degree, 
there being at present over thirty "Child's" restaurants, 
embracing the leading cities of the country, with head- 
quarters at 42 East Fourteenth street. New York city. Mr. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 281 

Childs is a great believer in doing- a thing well if it is 
worth doing at all, and he is a thorough business man. 
Some years ago he purchased a building site embracing a 
large acreage in Bernardsville, a portion of the Child's 
homestead farm, upon which he built a fine residence, with 
all the necessary appointments. He was elected to the 
State Senate by a plurality of 312 over Joseph S. Freling- 
huysen, the Republican candidate. 

1902— Childs, Dem., 3,746; Frelinghuysen, Rep., 3,434; Huff, 
Pro., 129. Childs' plurality, 312. 



Sussex County. 

(Population, 24,134.) 

LEWIS J. MARTIN. 
(Dem., Newton.) 

Senator Martin is a lawyer by profession, and was born 
near Deckertown, Sussex county, N. J., February 22d, 1844. 
He was chief clerk in the County Clerk's office of Sussex 
county during the latter part of his father's (James J. 
Martin's) term, and until his decease in January, 1869, 
when he was appointed by the Governor and commissioned 
as Clerk to serve the unexpired term of his father, which 
terminated in the fall of that year. Senator Martin was a 
member of the House of Assembly in 1879, 1880 and 1881, and 
he was Law Judge of Sussex county from 1881 until 1896, 
when he was succeeded by James F. Conklin, Republican, 
who was appointed by Governor Griggs. He has been the 
attorney of the Board of Freeholders of Sussex county 
since May, 1896. He was elected a member of the Town 
Committee of the town of Newton in March, 1896, for a 
term of three years, and was Chairman of that committee 
during that year. He was elected to the Senate in 1897. to 
succeed Senator Gould, Republican, by a plurality of 281 
over Daniel Bailey, Republican, and in 1900 he was re- 
elected over Margerum, Republican, bv a plurality of 92. 
In 1899. 1900, '01 and '02 he was the leader of his party on 

the floor of the Senate. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Boroughs and Townships, Corporations, Edu- 
cation, Finance, State Prison, Clergy, Printing, and Sink- 
ing Fund. 

1900— Martin, Dem., 3,170; Margerum, Rep., 3,078; Roe. 
Pro.. 128; Rosewall, Soc.-Dem., 50. Martin's plurality, 92. 



2S2 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Union County. 

(Population, 99,353.) 
JOSEPH CROSS. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Senator Cross was born near Morristown, N. J., Decem- 
ber 29th, 1843. He graduated from Princeton University in 
the class of 1865. Immediately thereafter he began the 
study of law in the office of William J. Magie, Esq. He also 
took a course of lectures at Columbia College Law School, 
and was admitted to practice as an attorney-at-law in 
June, 1868, and as a counselor in 1871. Upon his admission 
to the bar he was taken into partnership by his preceptor, 
under the firm name of Magie & Cross, which relation ex- 
isted until 18S0, when Mr. Magie was appointed one of the 
Justices of the Supreme Court. Mr. Cross has resided in 
Elizabeth since the spring of 1858, and has always been a 
staunch Republican. In 1888 he was appointed Judge of the 
District Court of the city of Elizabeth, but in common with 
all of the other Republican District Court Judges of the 
State, was legislated out of office in April, 1891. 

Mr. Cross was elected a member of the Assembly from 
Union county in the fall of 1893, and again in 1894. When 
Speaker Holt resigned the chair. May 26th, 1894, Mr. Cross 
was chosen his successor for the remainder of the session. 
In 1895 he was re-elected Speaker by the unanimous vote of 
his Republican colleagues. In November, 1898, he was 
elected Senator, to fill the vacancy caused by the resigna- 
tion of Senator Voorhees, who had been nominated as the 
Republican candidate for Governor. 

He was re-elected to the Senate for a full term in 1899 by 
a plurality of 2,471, being an increase of 491 over that of the 
previous year. He was again re-elected in 1902 by a plur- 
ality of 1,186 over James E. Martine, his Democratic oppo- 
nent. Last year he served as Chairman of the Commit- 
tees on Elections, Municipal Corporations and Public 
Grounds and Buildings, and as a member of the Commit- 
tees on Appropriations, Public Health and Sinking Fund. 

1902— Cross, Rep., 10,717: Martine, Dem., 9,531; Massett, 
Pro., 185; Pollack, Soc, 358; May, Soc.-Lab., 194. Cross' 
plurality, 1,186. 



Warren County. 

(Population, .37.781.) 

ISAAC BARBER. 

(Dem., Phillipsburg.) 

Senator Barber was born at Forty Fort, Luzerne county. 
Pa., September 4, 1854, and is a physician by profession. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 283 

His father, a native of Warren county, removed to his 
native state in 1S58. The Senator received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools, entered Blair Presbyterian 
Academy to prepare for college in 1869, Lafayette in 1872, 
and graduated in 1876. He studied medicine under the pre- 
ceptorship of Professor Traill Green, of Easton, Pa., and 
graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1879. 
He served as Medical Referee of the Metropolitan Life In- 
surance Company in New York city for one year, located 
in Phillipsburg in July, 1880, and has since continued in 
the active practice of his profession. He has served as 
City Physician aiid was a member of the Board of Health 
for two years. He was appointed Pension Examining 
Surgeon under ihe Cleveland administration July 1, 1893. 
He was elected to the State Senate in 1896 by a plurality 
of 1,130 over Cramer, Republican, and served a full term of 
three y'ears. In 1902 he was again elected by a plurality of 
749 over William R. Laire, the Republican candidate. 

1902— Barber, Dem., 4,290; Laire, Rep., 3,541; Dufford, Pro., 
303. Barber's plurality, 749. 



Summary. 

Senate— Republicans... 14 Democrats 7=21 

House— Republicans 38 Democrats 22=60 

52 29 81 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 23. 



"When Regular Senatorial Elections Occur. 

In 1903— Burlington, Middlesex, Passaic and Cape May, 
now represented by Republicans, and Hunterdon and Sus- 
sex, now represented by Democrats— 6. 

In 1904r— Cumberland, Atlantic, Ocean, Mercer, Bergen 
and Morris, now represented by Republicans, and Hud- 
son, now represented by a Democrat— 7. 

In 1905 — Essex, Monmouth, Union and Camden, now rep- 
resented b5^ Republicans, and Somerset, Salem, Gloucester 
and Warren, now represented by Democrats— 8. 

The Senators who will be elected in 1903 and 1904 will each 
have a vote for United States Senator to succeed John 
Kean, whose term expires March 3, 1905, and those who will 
be elected in 1904 and 1905 will each have a vote for a United 
States Senator to succeed John F. Dryden, whose term ex- 
pires March 3, 1907. 



284 BIOGRAPHIES. 

HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 



Atlantic County, 

THOMAS clohose:^ ELVINS. 
(Rep., Hammonton.) 

Mr. Elvins was born at Hammonton, Atlantic county, 
N. J., March 28, 1871, and is a merchant. He was educated 
in the public schools of his native town and later he at- 
tended Dickinson Preparatory School, Carlisle, Pa., for 
two years, entered Amherst College in the fall of 1892 and 
was graduated from the latter institution in 1896. He is 
a son of George Elvins, who was an Assemblyman from 
Atlantic county in 1881. He was elected to the Assembly in 
1901 by a plurality of 2,928, running ahead of his ticket, and 
he was re-elected in 1902 by a plurality of 3,930 over John 
F. Hall, Democrat. Last year he served on the Committees 
on Education. Game and Fisheries, and Public Grounds 
and Buildings. 

1902— Elvins, Rep., 6,044; Hall, Dem., 2,114; Turner, Pro., 
291. Elvins' plurality, 3,930. 



Bergen County. 

GEORGE COOK. 
(Rep., Allendale.) 

Mr. Cook was born at St. Clair, Schuylkill county. Pa., 
July 13, 1862, and is a lawyer by profession. He was Mayor 
of the borough of Allendale from March, 1897, to March, 
1899, was re-elected and served until March, 1901. Mr. Cook 
is of English descent. His father, John Cook, was a cap- 
tain in the Union Army and he served in the Civil War 
from 1863 until its close. He is now a leading financier in 
Washington, D. C, to which city he moved after the war. His 
son, the present Assemblyman, attended the public schools 
until he reached the age of twelve years, when he entered 
Emerson Institute, from which he was graduated four 
years later. Next he entered Columbia University, from 
the law department of which he was graduated with sev- 
eral degrees at the age of twenty. He was subsequently 
admitted to practice before the courts of the District of 
Columbia and later the Supreme Court of the United 



BIOGRAPHIES. 285 

States. In 1885 he moved to New York city, where, in the 
special branch of patent law, he has built a lucrative and 
extensive business, his clientage consisting- largely of 
manufacturing- firms and corporations located in New 
York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Connecticut. He 
took up his residence in Allendale in 1887. He has always 
been an ardent Republican. He is a member of several 
leading social clubs. Past Master of the Masonic Lodge in 
Ridgewood, a Knight Templar, and a member of Mecca 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine, of New York city. Mr. Cook 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 663 over 
Archibald C. Hart, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. 

MELANCHTON S. AYERS. 
(Rep., Fairview.) 

Dr. Ayers was born at Beemerville, Sussex county, N. J., 
October 23, 1846, and is a physician by profession. Until 
the age of twenty he followed farming, then he was a 
school teacher for one year, and was a druggist for two 
years. He is of Scotch ancestry. He received his early 
education in the public schools in Sussex county, after 
which he went to Suffield, Conn., where he was prepared 
for college. He subsequently attended the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, in New York city, and was grad- 
uated in 1871. He went to Europe immediately after his 
graduation and visited a number of medical institutions. 
On his return he started the practice of medicine in New 
York city, but removed to Fairview in 1872, where he has 
resided as a practicing physician ever since. For about 
fifteen years he served as Surgeon of the Second Battalion, 
N. G. N. J. He was elected the first Mayor of Fairview in 
1894 and has been re-elected four times. He still holds that 
office. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
583 over Archibald C. Hart, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Dem.ocrats. 

Cook 7,098 Johnson 6,247 

Ayers 7,018 Hart 6,435 

Prohibition — Bogert, 149: Servis, 145. 

Socialist— Dobbelaar, 3G5; Schaffer. 367. 



286 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Burlington County. 

JOHN G. HORNER. 
(Rep., Palmyra.) 
Mr. Horner was born on his father's farm near Penns- 
ville, Camden county, N. J., November 17th, 1872. and is a 
lawyer by profession. He is now attorney for Palmyra 
township, which is the only office he ever held before his 
election to the Assembly. He is a son of the late Judge 
Asa P. Horner of Camden county. He attended the public 
schools; Farnum Preparatory School at Beverly, N. J.; 
South Jersey Institute at Bridgeton, N. J., and was grad- 
uated in June, 1890. He was graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in June, 1893. He studied law with 
Lindley M. Garrison and Lewis Starr, at Camden, N. J., 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in June, 1895, and 
as a counselor in June. 1898. His offices are at Camden and 
Palmyra. He was re-elected to the Assembly for a third 
term by a plurality of 3,028 over Durell, the highest candi- 
date on the Democratic ticket. Last year he was the 
leader of his party on the floor of the Assembly chamber, 
when he served as Chairman of the Committee on Judi- 
ciary and also as a member of the Committees on Claims, 
and Revolutionary Pensions, and State Library. 

BENJAMIN D. SHEDAKER. 
(Rep., Edgewater Park.) 

Mr. Shedaker was born near Edgewater Park, Burling- 
ton county, N. J., October 25, 1851, and is a farmer, seed 
grower and seed merchant. He was a School Trustee for 
seven years and Township Collector for four years. He 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 2,937 over 
Durell, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Horner 6,592 Durell 3,564 

Shedaker 6,501 Sisom 3,488 

Prohibition— Bishop, 561; Rhoads, 438. 



Camden County. 

HENRY S. SCOVEL. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Scovel was born in Camden, February 25th, 1858, and 
is a lawyer by profession. He is a son of James M. Scovel, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 287 

who was President of the State Senate in 1866. He served 
as Solicitor for the Camden County Board of Freeholders 
from 1895 to 1897. He was a member of the Assembly in 
1896 and 1897 and at each election he ran ahead of his ticket. 
He was re-elected in 1902 by a plurality of 5,431 over 
Charles C. Old, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. 

During his previous service in the Assembly he was in- 
strumental in securing the repeal of the 20 per cent, section 
of the School law, which was objectionable because it in- 
creased the taxes of the farmer in the poorer districts of 
the state. It was mainly through his indefatigable efforts 
that & bill was passed making the operatives in shoe fac- 
tories entitled to preferred claims for sixty days' wages. 
He aided in defeating the bill repealing the Dunn act, 
which gave a chance to poor but ambitious students to 
become lawyers, and also worked tooth and nail to defeat 
the bill aimed against the propagation of the oyster indus- 
try. He served with honor on the Judiciary and Game and 
Fisheries Committees and was Chairman of the Committee 
on Federal Relations; but the crowning act of his public 
career was the passage of the act compelling trolley com- 
panies to be humane to their employes and equip their cars 
with protective windows and vestibules. 

• THEODORE B. GIBBS. 

(Rep., Clementon.) 

Mr. Gibbs was born near Mount Holly, N. J., October 17, 
1838, and is a miller. During the Civil War he was cor- 
poral of Company D, 29th New Jersey Volunteers. He 
was appointed Postmaster at White Horse (now Kirk- 
wood), Camden county, in 1866, and resigned the office in 
1872. He was elected a member of the Board of Directors 
of the Atlantic City Railroad in 1876 and is still a member 
of that body. At the incorporation of the Clementon Hall 
Association in 1886 Mr. Gibbs was elected President and 
still holds that position. He was a member of the Town- 
ship Committee of Gloucester township for six years and 
was elected Sheriff of Camden county in 1882. In 1889 he 
was appointed Postmaster at Clementon and resigned that 
office in 1892. At the organization of the Clementon Build- 
ing and Loan Association in 1892 he was elected President 
and still serves in that capacity. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 5,421 over Charles C. Old, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 



288 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JOHN S. ROBERTS. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Roberts was born at Philadelphia, Pa., July 10, 1858, 
and is General Manager of the International Light, Heat 
and Power Company, of Philadelphia. He was formerly 
a merchant. He is a descendant of John Roberts, who 
came from Wales to this country in the early days of the 
Republic. From March, 1895, and until the present time 
Mr. Roberts has been a member of the City Council of 
Camden, having been elected in the Third ward for four 
consecutive terms. For five years he has been Chairman 
of the Water Committee, and for one year Chairman of 
the Fire Committee of Council. Mr. Roberts is a member 
of the Third Ward Republican Club, Camden Republican 
Club, Camden Ledge No. 15, F. A. M. ; Siloam Chapter No. 
19, Royal Arch Masons; Camden Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; Inde- 
pendent Order of Crusaders, Philadelphia; Leni Lenape 
Tribe No. 2, Imp. O. R. M. ; Junior Order American Me- 
chanics, and Vigilan Council No. 69, of Philadelphia. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 5,057 
over Charles C. Old, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Scovel 13,866 Old 8,435 

Gibbs 13,856 Neatherry 8,260 

Roberts 13,492 Jackson 8,316 

Prohibition— Rhoads, 481; Heinrich, 482; Tilton, 480. 

Socialist— Wittman, 191; Ross, 191; Bell, 192. 

People's— Cross, 323; McClure, 320. 



Cape May County. 

LEWIS M. CRESSE. 
(Rep., Ocean City.) 

Mr. Cresse was born at Swainton, Cape May county. 
N. J., September 12, 1867, and received his early education 
in the public schools of the county, and after graduating 
from them pursued higher studies in Philadelphia. He 
taught in public schools of the state for a time, after 
which he was graduated from the National College of 
Commerce, and ever since most of his time has been de- 
voted to banking. He is now president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Ocean City, and also of the Board of Trade, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 289 

He has served two terms as a member of the Board 
of Education. Mr. Cresse is also president of the Pleasant 
Mills Paper Manufacturing- Company, with offices in Phil- 
adelphia, and vice-president of the Eureka Mercantile 
Agency of Boston. He is a Mason and a member of other 
secret orders. He was first elected to the Assembly in 1900 
with the largest plurality ever given a candidate for that 
office in Cape May county. In 1901 he was re-elected by the 
highest vote of any candidate on his ticket, his plurality 
being 753. In 1902 he was re-elected by a plurality of 1,205, 
which has never been equalled by any candidate for the 
office in the county. Last year he served as Chairman of 
the Committee on Education and as a member of the 
Committees on Boroughs and Borough Governments, Sta- 
tionery, Printing, and School for Deaf Mutes. 

1902— Cresse, Rep., 2,052; Jefferson, Dem., 847; Stites, Pro., 
119. Cresse' s plurality, 1,205. 



Cumberland County. 

LOUIS H. MILLER. 
(Rep., Vineland.) 

Mr. Miller was born at Williamsburg, Mass., May 11, 
1870, and is a lawyer by profession. He is a son of Edwin 
H. Miller, Lieutenant Commander, U. S. N., who died in 
the service in 1874. He was graduated from the Vineland 
High School in 1888. He* has been a resident of Vineland 
since 1881. Mr. Miller studied law with Leverett New- 
comb of Vineland, was admitted to the bar as an attorney 
in November, 1894, and as a counselor three years later. 
He stayed with Mr. Newcomb after his admission to the 
bar and until 1897, when he opened an office in Millville, 
where he has practiced ever since, while residing in Vine- 
land. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
2,160 over John B. Clevenstine, the highest candidate on 
the Democra.tic ticket. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Appropriations, Game and Fisheries, School 
for Deaf Mutes, and Soldiers' Home. 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN BUCK, Jr. 
(Rep., Millville.) 

Mr. Buck was born at Millville, N. J., September 29, 1875, 
and is a journalist. He was educated in the public schools 
of Millville. When only eighteen years qf age he took 

I? 



290 BIOGRAPHIES. 

charge of the Millville department of the Bridgeton Eve- 
ning News. He was advertising manager of the Millville 
Republican and Daily Reporter, two years, 1899 and 1900. 
was managing editor of the Millville Transcript in 1901, 
and is now reporter for the Philadelphia Record, Philadel- 
phia Inquirer, Philadelphia North American, Philadelphia 
Times-Ledger, New York World, New York Journal and 
Associated Press. He has always taken a prominent part 
in politics and leading municipal questions, but has never 
held nor has been an aspirant for any public office before 
his election to the Assembly. He was elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 2,144 over John B. Clevenstine, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Miller 5,452 Clevenstine 3,292 

Buck, Jr 5,436 Burt 3,174 

Prohibition — Miller, 849; Austerberry, 840. 
Socialist— Blizzard, 123; Weiss, 126. 



Essex County. 

WILLIAM B. GARRABRANTS. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Garrabrants was born in Washington Heights, New 
York, on April 2d, 1854, and is a son of the late William B. 
Garrabrants, who was born in the same State in 1799. He 
comes of good old Holland Dutch stock on his father's 
side. One of his uncles died on the English prison ship in 
New York harbor. His mother was born in Lowham, 
Somersettshire, England, of English parents. He began 
business at the age of twenty, first dealing in butter and 
then doing a general grocery business, which he conducted 
at 231 Plane street, Newark, for sixteen years. He then 
disposed of his business and took the management of the 
Standard Brick Company. Mr. Garrabrants has always 
been an ardent Republican, in spite of an uncongenial 
political atmosphere at home, all the male members of his 
family being strong Democrats. He has been a member of 
the Halsey Street M. E. Church for many years, and is 
Vice-President of the First Ward Republican Club and a 
membt-r of St. Albans Lodge, No. 68, F. & A. M. He is 
also an enthusiastic wheelman. He entered actively in 
politics through the urgent request of his friends that he 
become a candidaie for Alderman in the spring of 1897. He 



BIOGRAPHIES. 291 

consented, and was elected by 52 majority. The following 
spring the Democrats carried the ward by 18 majority. 
In 1899 he was renominated and re-elected by 370 majority. 
Mr. Garrabrants was re-elected to the Assembly for a 
third term by a plurality of 12,491 over Shann, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served 
as Chairman of the Committee on Elections and as a 
member of the Committees on Incidental Expenses, and 
Federal Relations. 

JOHN HOWE. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Howe was born in the Fifth ward of Newark 
thirty-four years ago, where the family have resided 
for over half a century. He is engaged in the 
express business, operating the People's Newark and 
New York Express. He received his education in 
the public schools of Newark, has always been an active 
party worker, and is a member of the Essex County Re- 
publican Committee, Kane Lodge, No. 55, F. & A. M., and 
other organizations. He was re-elected to the Assembly 
for a third term by a plurality of 12,614 over Shann, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. Mr. Howe 
polled more votes than any other candidate on his ticket at 
this election. Last year ha served as Chairman of the 
Committees on Labor and Industries, and Industrial School 
for Girls, and as a member of the Committee on Ways and 
Means. 

ROBERT W. BROWN. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Brown was born in the city of Newark thirty- 
nine years ago, where he received his education 
in the public schools and the New Jersey Business 
College. He served a four years' apprenticeship at 
hat finishing, but had to abandon the trade because 
it did not agree with his health. He then went into 
the hardware business, and has been a salesman in the 
well-known hardware house of Bannister & Pollard for the 
past twelve j^ears. He has represented the Sixth ward in 
the Board of Education for three years. He is a member 
of St. John Lodge, No. 1, F. & A. M., and a number of 
social organizations. Mr. Brown was re-elected to the 
Assemblj' for a third term by a plurality of 12,589 over 
Shann, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 
Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
GaTies and Fisheries, and Sinking Fund, and as a member 
of the Committee on Commerce and Navigation. 



292 BIOGRAPHIES. 

RALPH B. SCHMIDT. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Schmidt was born in Jersey City, N. J., on March 
f th, 1868. He moved to Newark in 1872 and has been a resi- 
«'Gnt there ever since. He is engaged in the plumbing, 
•-ream and gas fitting business and also as a sheet metal 
>-orker, at 152 Ferry street and 62 Ann street. He is a 
a.ember of the following organizations: Northern Lodge, 
Ko. 25, F. &, A. M. ; Improved Order Heptasophs, Newark 
■_'ity Conclave; Royal Arcanum, Alamo Council, 1749; M. 
G. V. Concordia, Newark City Republican Club, Fourth 
Vi'ard Republican Club, East End Republican Club, Equita- 
\ue Bowling Club, the Bellwood Pleasure Club and others. 
J.;e never held public ofRce before his election to the As- 
ssmbly. He was re-elected to the Assembly for a third 
term by a plurality of 12,205 over Shann, the highest can- 
didate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served as 
Chairman of the Committees on Claims, and Revolution- 
ary Pensions, and Soldiers' Home, and as a member of the 
Committee on Printed Bills. 

EDWARD E. GNICHTEL. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Gnichtel was born in Newark, N. J., on April 25, 
.1SG9. He is a manufacturer of brushes. For a number of 
years he has been a member of the Essex County Repub- 
lican Executive Committee and has always taken a deep 
interest in politics. He was re-elected to the Assembly for 
a third term by a plurality of 12,486 over Shann, the high- 
est candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he 
served as Chairman of the Committee on Banks and In- 
surance and as a member of the Committee on State Hos- 
pitals. 

WILLIAM G. SHARWELL. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Sharwell was born on the 23d of March, 1857, in the 
Eleventh ward of Newark, and has been a resident of it 
ever since. He attended the public schools of the city of 
Newark until seventeen years of age, and was then ap- 
prenticed to the carpenter trade and worked at that until 
he started in the building business in the year 1882. He 
has been engaged in that business continually since that 
lime, and has executed a great many public contracts. He 
ip a member of Kane Lodge, Nq, 55, F, & A, M- ; RosevilJe 



BIOGRAPHIES. 29S 

Council, No. 992, Royal Arcanum; Newark Lodge, No. 31, 
A. O, U. W.; Roseville Conclave, No. 251, Improved Order 
Heptasophs; Roseville A. A., the Lincoln Club, and is Vic<;- 
Chairman of the Eleventh Ward Executive Committee. 
He was re-elected to the Assembly for a third term by a 
pluraHty of 12,481 over Shann, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. Last year he served as Chairman of 
the Committees on Stationery and Reform School for Boys, 
and as a member of the Committee on Public Health. 

EDGAR WILLIAMS. 

(Rep., East Orange.) 

Mr. Williams was born in Orange, Essex county, in 1863. 
and is the youngest of four sons (all Republicans) of thf- 
late Leander Williams, of honored memory in Orange 
where he was a leading citizen and stalwart Republican 
He received his education in the public schools of that cit^ 
and at Phillips Academy, Exeter, N. H. In 1885 he purchased 
the Orange Journal from the late Samuel Toombs, Clerl- 
of the Assembly in 1885-6. In 1890 he purchased the Sout) 
Orange Bulletin, both of which papers he now conducts 
He was Engrossing Clerk of the Assembly in 1894-5, and C. 
the Senate in 1896-7-8-9. During the years Mr. William-'? 
filled those positions, especially in the Assembly, there wa^"5 
probably more work for the engrossing department thai, 
in any previous year, and during the deadlock of 1895 alJ 
bills were engrossed in duplicate. Mr. Williams took ar* 
active interest in politics early in life, and was a worke' 
at the polls in the old First ward of Orange before he was 
of age. He moved to East Orange in 1887 and continuoC 
his active interest in political axfairs there, so that in 1835 
he was elected to the Chairmanship of the East Orange 
Republican Executive Committee, and has been successful 
in conducting the work of the organization in that Repub- 
lican stronghold. He is a member of the Essex County 
Republican Committee, East Orange Republican Ciuh, 
Orange Council, Royal Arcanum; Hope Lodge, No. 121. 
F. & A. M. ; Society of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, and New England Society. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly for a third term by a plurality of 11,971 over 
Shann, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 
Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Corporations and Passed Bills, and as a member of the 
Committees on Boroughs and Borough Commissions, and 
Treasurer's Accounts. 



294 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ROBERT M. BOYD, Jr. 
(Rep., Montclair.) 
Mr, Boyd was born in Montclair, N. J., May 5th, 1863, His 
great-grandfather on his mother's side was Israel Crane, 
who resided in Newark and Montclair (then West Bloom- 
field) in the early part of the century, and was often spoken 
of as "King Crane." Many of the old residents of Essex 
county will remember his name. Mr. Boyd's family have 
lived in Montclair ever since. Mr. Boyd attended the public 
school in Montclair for ten years, and graduated from the 
Montclair High School as valedictorian of his class. He 
entered Yale at the age of seventeen, and after taking a 
Latin prize, a high oration junior appointment, and the 
Cobden Club medal, was graduated in 1884, being appointed 
on the list of commencement speakers. After leaving col- 
lege he attended the Columbia Law School, graduating in 
18S6 with the degree of LL.B. At the same time he took 
his degree as Master of Arts from the Columbia School of 
Political Science. He then became a clerk in the office of 
Davies, Cole & Rapallo, of New York. The following year 
he entered the service of the Title Guarantee and Trust 
Company, and continued with them until January 1st, 1889, 
when he became a member of the law partnership of Mur- 
phy, Lloyd & Boyd, which connection lasted until Novem- 
ber, 1899. Since that time he has been practicing without 
partners. He is a member both of the New York and New 
Jersey bar, is a member of the New York Bar Associa- 
tion, and has a general practice. He has never before held 
public office except as trustee of the Montclair Free Public 
Library. He has been connected with some of the local 
clubs and political organizations. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly for a third term by a plurality of 12,492 over 
Shann, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 
Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Public Grounds and Buildings, and Towns and Townships, 
and as a member of the Committee on Judiciary. 

WILLIAM ADGATE LORD. 
(Rep., Orange.) 

Mr. Lord was bom in Jersey City, N. J,, October 7th, 1870, 
and is a son of the late Charles Douglas Lord. He was 
graduated from the High School of Orange, N, J,, in 1889, 
and entered the newspaper profession, writing for the 
Newark Daily Advertiser, the Newark Evening News, the 
New York Times, the New York Sun and other papers in 
turn. He was appointed Clerk of the Orange District Court 
in 1896, a position which he resigned three years later to 



BIOGRAPHIES. 295 

begin the practice of law, he having- been admitted to the 
bar in February, 1899. He was made a counselor-at-law 
in February, 1902. Mr. Lord served as a second lieutenant 
of Company H, Second New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, in 
the war with Spain, and is now captain of Company H. 
Fifth Regiment, N. G. N. J. He is State Department Com- 
mander of the Spanish-American War Veterans, a Past 
Archon of the Improved Order Heptasophs, a member of 
Corinthian Lodge, No. 57, F. & A. M.; Orange Lodge, 135, 
B. P. O. E.: the New England Society of Orange, the East 
Orange Republican Club, the McKinley and Roosevelt Re- 
publican Club of the Oranges, the Frelinghuysen Lancers 
Association, the Lawyers' Club of Essex County, the 
Orange Maennerchor and other clubs. Last year he was 
Chairman of the Committee on Militia and a member of 
the Committees on Revision of Laws and Printing. He 
was re-elected to the Assembly for a third term by a plur- 
ality of 12,464 over Shann, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. 

FREDERICK R. LEHLBACH. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Lehlbach was born in New York city on January 31, 
1876. Upon the death of his father in 1884 he moved to New- 
ark, where he has since resided. He attended the public 
schools of Newark and went from the High School to Yale 
University, graduating therefrom in the class of 1897. He 
then studied law in the New York Law School and was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar in February, 1899, and has 
practiced his profession in Newark since. Mr. Lehlbach 
has been an active worker for the success of the Republi- 
can party since attaining his majority and is a member 
of the Essex County Republican Committee. In 1899 he 
was elected a member of the Beard of Education of New- 
ark from the Third ward by a majority of 121, although 
the ward gave a Democratic majority for Mayor and 
Alderman. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 12,594 over Shann, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. 

EVERETT COLBY. 
(Rep., West Orange.) 

Mr. Colby was born in Milwaukee, Wis., on December 
10, 1875, and is a son of the late Charles L. Colby and 
^nephew of the late Gardner R. Colby, of East Orange, who 
was prominent in the Republican party in Essex county 
and its candidate for the Gubernatorial nomination in 1886. 
Mr. Colby moved to New York when a boy and prepared 



296 BIOGRAPHIES. 

for college at Browning's School. He subsequently en- 
tered Brown University and was graduated therefrom in 
the class of 1897. He then began the study of law and was 
graduated from the New York Law School in 1899 and ad- 
mitted to practice at the New York bar. He is now prac- 
ticing his profession as a member of the firm of Hatch, 
Debevoise & Colby, at 40 Wall street. Mr. Colby was ap- 
pointed a member of the State Board of Education ^y 
Governor Voorhees in the spring of 1901, and he is serving 
on some of the most important committees of the Board. 
He was also appointed a member of the special committee 
to investigate the subject of a new State Normal School, 
under the provisions of the resolution adopted by the Leg- 
islature of 1902. Both of Mr. Colby's parents died a few 
years ago and with his brother, Howard A., he moved to 
West Orange in 1898, occupying a house purchased by the 
latter in the far-fam.ed Llewellyn Park, where bachellor 
quarters are maintained and friends are entertained from 
time to time in the most hospitable manner. Mr. Colby 
has traveled widely and has a large circle of friends and 
acquaintances. He is an enthusiastic horseman and a 
particularly good polo player. He was a member of 
Squadron A, of New York, holding the rank of corporal, 
but resigned to accept the appointment of Adjutant of the 
First Battalion of the new Fifth Regiment. Mr. Colby is 
chairman of the West Orange Republican Township Exec- 
utive Committee, a member of the Essex County Republi- 
can Committee, and has never before held a political office. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 12,548 over 
Shann, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Garrabrants 38,891 Freeman 26,044 

Lehlbach 38,994 Shann 26,400 

Howe 39,014 King 26,008 

Brown 38,989 Shepherd 26,049 

Schmidt 38,605 Hines 26,079 

Gnichtel 38,886 Child, Jr 26,149 

Sharwell 38,881 Butler 26,021 

Williams 38,371 Oliver 26,019 

Colby 38,948 Smith 25,962 

Boyd, Jr 38,892 Grant 25,966 

Lord 38,864 Wallis 26,007 

Prohibition— Hoot, 404; Smith, 415; Ayers, 407; Parkes, 407; 

Sellick, 408: Snell. 417; Cornell. 409: Haviland, 407; Brown, 

414; Millen, 408; Neis. 406. 



BIOGRAPHIES. -9/ 

Social-Labor— Duggan, 814; Rapp, 813; Bergholz, 814; Hoff- 
man, 814; Murphy, 814; Wilson, 814; Mattick, 814; Rubovitz, 
811; Hartung, 814; Frizella, 812; Hokanson, 814. 

Socialist— Gessler, 1.144; Woodruff, 1.146; Green, 1.147; 
Goebel, 1,146; Hedden. 1,146: Wester, 1,146; Urbach, 1,147; 
Hoeppner, 1,146; Rau, 1,147; Lindstroem, 1,147; Ludwig, 1,147. 



Gloucester County. 

JOHN BOYD AVIS. 
(Rep., Woodbury.) 

Mr. Avis was born in Deerfield. Cumberland county. 
N. J., July 11, 1875, and is an attorney and counselor at law. 
He attended the public schools of Deei'fleld until Decem- 
ber 1, 1890, when he began the study of law in the ofTice of 
John S. Mitchell, at Bridgeton. He continued his studies 
until February, 1894, when a change of residence made it 
necessary to relinquish them, and for the next three years 
he v^as engaged in mercantile pursuits in Philadelphia 
and Long Branch. In December, 1897, he entered the law 
office of Hon. David O. Watkins, and in February of the 
following year he was admitted to the bar as an attorney 
and three years later he became a counselor. In March, 
1900, Mr. Avis formed a co-partnership with Mr. Watkins, 
under the firm name of Watkins & Avis, which still con- 
tinues. Mr. Avis has always been a zealous Republican 
and for several years has been prominently identified with 
the Young Men's Republican Club of Woodbury. He is 
the financial secretary of that club, and much of its suc- 
cess is due to his capable management. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 1,035. Last year he 
served as Chairman of the Committee on State -^-ospitals 
and as a member of the Committees on Corporations, Revi- 
sion of Laws, and Industrial School for Girls. 

1902— Avis, Rep., 4,153; Taggart, Dem., 3,118: Repp, Pro., 
388. Avis' plurality, 1,035. 



Hudson County. 

JAMES A. HAMIDL. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Plamill was born in the old Sixth ward of Jersey City, 
March 31, 1877, and has resided in that city continuously 
since his birth. In the year 1890 he entered St. Peter's Col- 



298 BIOGRAPHIES. 

lege, of Jersey City, and was grraduated from that institu- 
tion in 1897, receiving- the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Re- 
turning- the subsequent year, he completed the post grad- 
uate course in philosophy and received the degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts. He studied law in the office of Isaac S. Tay- 
lor, a -former law partner of the late Chancellor Alexander 
T. McGill. While a student in the office of Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Hamill attended the lectures of the New York Law 
School, and on completion of the regular course of two 
years was awarded the degree of Bachelor of Laws. In 
the year 1900, at the June term of the Supreme Court, h^s 
was admitted to the bar and is now engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession in Jersey City. Last year he served on 
the Committees on Municipal Corporations, Public Grounds 
and Buildings, and Stationery. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 13,501 over Stires, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

CARL GEORGE ALBERT SCHUMANN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Schumann was born in New York city, February 12, 
1865, and is a lawyer by profession. He was formerly .a 
commercial traveler. He was employed by Vom Cleff «fe 
Co., New York, importers of hardware and cutlery, from 
1880 to 1890, and represented them as salesman throughout 
the western states. Mr. Schumann read law with Cephas 
Brainery, of New York, and Vredenburgh & Garretson, of 
Jersey City. He attended the Law School of the Univer- 
sity ot the City of New York and graduated with the de- 
gree of LL.B. in 1893. He was admitted to practice in New 
Jersey in February, 1895, and has since followed his pro- 
fession in Jersey City. He was re-elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 13,421 over Stires, the highest candidate 
on the Republican ticket. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Revision of Laws, Unfinished Business, and 
State Hospitals. 

JOHN J. TREACY. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Treacy was born in Jersey City and is a lawyer by 
profession. This is the first time he has held public office. 
He was graduated from St. Peter's College, Jersey City, 
in 1891, attended the New York Law School the following 
year and received the degree of bachelor of laws in 1894. 
In the ensuing November he was admitted to the New 
York Bar and became associated with the law firm of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 299 

Reed, Simpson, Thacher & Barnum, of which former 
Speaker Thomas B. Reed was the head. For a number 
of years Mr. Treacy was the managing- clerk of that firm. 
He is now a member of the New Jersey Bar and has oiSces 
in the Commercial Trust Company Building of Jersey 
City. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
13,430 over Stires. the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket. Last year he served on the Committees on Militia 
and State Library.' 

PETER STILLWELL. 
(Dem., Bayonne.) 

Mr. Stillwell was born at White House, Hunterdon 
county, N. J., August 22d, 1863, and is a lawyer by pro- 
fession. He was graduated from Rutgers College in the 
class of 1886. He studied law with Cortlandt and R. Wayne 
Parker, of Newark, N. J., and was admitted to the bar of 
New Jeisey in 1889. He then located at Bayonne, where ne 
has practiced his profession ever since. He was elected a 
member of the Board of Education of Bayonne in 1896, and 
was re-elected in 1899. He served as President of the Board 
for two years. He was re-elected to the Assembly for a 
third term by a plurality of 13,307 over Stiros, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. Lasi year he served 
on the Committees on Incidental Expenses, Revision of 
Laws, and State Prison, 

FREDERICK WEISMANN. 
(Dem., Town of Union.) 

Mr. Weismann was born in West Hoboken, Hudson 
county, June 1, 1874, and is a druggist. He was elected to 
the Board of Education of the Town of Union and was 
chosen Clerk of that body and served as such from May 1. 
1899, to May 1, 1000. He was appointed Register of Vital Sta- 
tistics for Hudson county in 1885, an office he still holds. 
On May 1, 1901, he was appointed apothecary to the North 
Hudson General Hospital, a position he still holds, but 
receives no salary. Mr. Weismann was one of the organ- 
izers of the Old People's Home Benevolent Association of 
Hudson county, is a sustaining member of the Y. M. C. A., 
a member of the Tax Reform Association, of the Elks and 
Jr. O. U. A. M. He passed an examination before the 
New Jersey Board of Pharmacy, September 18, 1890, being 
then only sixteen years old. He married the same year, 
and the following year opened a drug store in Union Hill, 
where he is still in business. He was re-elected to the As- 



300 BIOGRAPHIES. 

sembly by a plurality of 13,227 over Stires, the highest can- 
didate on the Republican ticket. Last year he served on 
the Committees on Labor and Industries and Treasurer's 
Accounts. 

JOHN WILLIAM RUFUS BESSON. 
CDem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Besson was born at Hoboken, N. J., January 6, 1871, 
and is a lawyer by profession. He is a son of the late John 
C. Besson, a well-known lawyer of New Jersey, and who 
was a member of the Assembly from Hudson county in 
1885 and 1886. He was prepared for Princeton under the 
tutorship of Rev. J. J. Rowan Spong, M. A., B. C. L., LL.B., 
of New York, and at the Princeton Preparatory School. 
He was graduated from Princeton University in June, 1892, 
and from the New York Law School in 1894. He was ad- 
mitted as an attorney-at-law at the June term of the 
Supreme Court, 1895, and as a counselor three years later. 
In June, 3895, the degree of Master of Arts was conferred 
upon him by Princeton University. Mr. Besson is a mem- 
ber of the law firm of Lewis, Besson & Stevens, with offices 
in Hoboken. He was elected to the Assembly by a plural- 
ity of 13,372 over Stires, the highest candidate on the Re- 
publican ticket. 

MICHAEL J. CANNON. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Cannon was born in Hoboken, N. J., February 20, 
1865. He attended the public schools of his native city, 
graduating from the public high school in the class of 
1879. After leaving school he secured employment in a 
printing oflice in New York city, where he remained work- 
ing at the trade until his twentj'-first year, at which time 
he resigned a position as proofreader to commence the 
study of law. He then entered the law ofRce of Wilson M. 
Powell, of New York city, and later the office of ex-Senator 
William S. Stuhr, of Hoboken. He was admitted to the 
bar of this state and is now practicing his profession. In 
1892 he was elected a School Trustee from the Fourth ward 
of Hoboken, and served as such for a term of three years. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 13,092 over 
Stires, the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 

JOSEPH C. DUFF. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Duf? was born in New York city on December 3, 1863, 
and is in the plumbing and heating business. He has re- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 301 

sided in Jersey City for twenty years and this is the first 
public office he has held. He was elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 13,196 over Stires, the highest candidate 
on the Republican ticket. 

JAMES FAIRMAN FIELDER. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Fielder was born in Jersey City, February 26, 1867, 
and is a lawyer by profession. He was admitted to the 
New Jersey Bar as an attorney-at-law at the June term. 
1888, and as a counselor at the June term, 1892. He is now 
practicing- his profession in Jersey City. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 13,639 over Stires, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. Mr. Fielder 
polled more votes than any other candidate on his ticket 
at the election in 1902. 

WILLIAM DUNCAN KELLY. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Kelly was born in Jersey City, April 8, 1878, and is a 
lawyer by profession. He is the youngest member of the 
present House of Assembly. This is the first time he has 
held public office. He received his early education in 
Public School No. 21, of Jersey City, and was graduated 
from the Jersey City High School, after which he took a 
special course at Barnard School, New York city. He then 
entered Cornell University College of Law and was grad- 
uated in June, 1900, with the degree of LL.B. The same 
year he was admitted as attorney and counselor at law in 
New York state and one year later was admitted to prac- 
tice as attorney at the New Jersey Bar. He is associated 
with his brother, Charles C. Kelly, in the practice of law 
in Jersey City. He is a member of the Greek Letter Col- 
lege Fraternity Phi Kappa Psi. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 13,376 over Stires. the highest 
candidate on tha Republican ticket. 

EDGAR HADDEN LOVERIDGE. 
(Dem., West Hoboken.) 

Mr. Loveridge was born in West Hoboken, N. J., May 16, 
3871, and is a lawyer by profession. This Is the first time 
he has held public office. He was educated in the public 
schools, then learned the printer's trade and worked at it 
for six years. Next he entered the law office of Dickin- 
son & Thompson (afterward DipKinson, Thompson & ]\Jc-r 



302 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Master), in Jersey City. He attended and was graduated 
from the New York Law School and was admitted to the 
bar in 1895. He has been practicing law ever since, with 
his office now located in West Hoboken. He was elected 
lo the Assemblj^ by a plurality of 13,362 over Stires, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 

THOMAS P. McGLENNON. 
(Dem., East Newark.) 

Ml'. McGlennon was born at East Newark, N. J., Septem- 
ber 29, 1876, and is in the building construction busiiiess. 
He was graduated from the old St. Pius School in 1891 and 
from the Christian Brothers' School in 1893. He then 
served his time as a carpenter with his father, who has 
been in the contracting business for forty years in Hud- 
son county. In 1900 he became a member of the firm ot 
P. McGlennon & Son. He was chosen a director of the 
West Hudson Trust Company at the time of its forma- 
tion. Mr. McGlennon was elected a member of the East 
Newark Board of Education, March 11, 1898, for a three 
year term, when he served as President, and he was re- 
elected in 1902 for another term. He served two terms as 
Library Commissioner and has been leader of the East 
Newark Democracy for five years. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 12.985 over Stires the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats. Republicans. 

Besson 35,871 Hugh<?s 22.463 

Cannon 35,591 Gugler 22,393 

Duff 35,695 Ziegener 22,296 

Fielder 36,138 Stires 22,499 

Hamill 36,000 Darling 22,414 

Kelly 35,875 Ciccarelli 21,875 

Loveridge 35,861 Duffy 22,437 

Glennon 35,484 Van Sant 22.466 

Schumann 35,920 Bonneville 22,363 

Still well 35,806 Radley 22,486 

Treacy 35,929 Bonn 22,454 

Weismann 35,726 Krebs 22,236 

Prohibition— Appley, 169: Davev, 170; Ferrel, 169; Stevens, 
171; Harker, 171; Taylor, 175; Black, 174; Williams, 170; Yale, 
172; Harner. 170; Bockmeyer, 196; Gallagher, 172. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 303 

Socialist— Headley, 1,803; Oswald, 1.795: Ufert, 1,796; 
Kamps, 1,794; Pankopf, 1,781; Reilly, Jr., 1,783; Finke, 1,797; 
Taylor, 1,798; Dickson, 1,793; Willhausen, 1,796; Bleck- 
schmidt, 1,793; Kerns, 1,783. 

Social-Labor— Campbell, 947; Frazee, 976; Edilman, 976; 
Schraft, 985; Kerschmann, 975; Dooling-, 975; Fricke, 976; 
Betsch, 974; Antonetti, 977; Thuemmel, 978; Herschaft, 978; 
Bloome, 973. 

Citizens' Union— Schult, 176; Meconnekin, 158; Anderson, 
134; Hitchcock, Jr., 174; Blarney, 135; Elder, 189; Maxwell, 
134; Williams, 128; Kull, 186; Abel, 129; Robertson, 139. 



Hunterdon County. 

JAMES H. WILLEVER. 
(Dem., Bloomsbury.) 

Mr. Willever was born in Bethlehem township on March 
39, 1843. He received his education at the Delaware Liter- 
ary Institute, at Franklin, Delaware county, N. Y. In 1860 
he entered the law office of Hon. A. G. Richey, in Trenton, 
where he studied the four years required in those days to 
become an attorney, and was duly adm.itted to the bar. 
For a time he was employed by the Morris & Essex Rail- 
road Company, and in 1872 accepted the responsible posi- 
tion of station agent for the Erie Railway Company, at 
Newark, which he retained until 1878. He then returned to 
Bethlehem township, in which township, however, he had 
retained his residence, and has cast his vote every year 
since his majority. He was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 1,186 over George W. Arnett, the Republican 
candidate. 

1902— Willever, Dem., 4,299; Arnett, Rep., 3,113; Hocken- 
bury, Pro.. 207. Willever's plurality, 1,186. 



Mercer County. 

BERTRAND LITTELL GULICK. 
(Rep., Kingston.) 

Mr. Gulick was born in Princeton township, N. J., March 
1, 1866, and is a farmer. His ancestors, the Gulicks, landed 
in Long Island in 1635 and soon after came t:> Nfew Jersey 
and were the first people to carry passengers from New 
York to Philadelphia by stage coach, which -vv as called the 



304 BIOGRAPHIES. 

"Auld Diligence Line." They settled in 1793 where the 
present Assemblyman now lives. He is a nephew of 
Captain John S. Gulick of the U. S. Navy. Mr. Gulick is 
a member of the Township Committee, having been elected 
in the spring of 1893, has served continuously until the 
present time, and when his term expires he will have 
served ten years altogether. He has been Township 
Treasurer for five years, and was a member of the County 
Board of Election from Avigust 1, 1899, until he resigned, 
when he was elected to the Assembly. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 2,504 over Durell, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year 
Mr. Gulick served on the Committees on Labor and Indus- 
tries, Towns and Townships, Passed Bills, and State 
Prison. 

HARRY D. LEAVITT. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Leavitt was born in Trenton, September 13, 1871, and 
is a bank clerk. He is a member of the Masonic Frater- 
nity. He served two terms in the Trenton Common Coun- 
cil, having been first elected in April, 1897, and he retired on 
January 1, 1902. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 2,589 over Durell, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. Last year he served on the Commit- 
tees on Banks and Insurance, Miscellaneous Business, 
State Hospitals, and Treasurer's Accounts. 

THOMAS COLCLOUGH, Jr. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Colclough was born in Trenton, N. J., October 13, 
1866, and is a potter. He has always been active in labor 
matters in Mercer county, having served as president of the 
Sanitary Pressers' Union of Trenton for two years. In 1893 
when the Ways and Means Committee of Congress were 
drafting a new tariff bill, Mr. Colclough was one of a com- 
mittee of three to go to Washington to represent the opera- 
tive potters and urge the retention of the then tariff rate 
on crockery ware. He was a Commissioner of Appeals in 
Taxation in 18S7 and 1SS8, was elected to the Trenton Com- 
mon Council for one year in 1899 and was re-elected in 1900 
for a two year term, which was extended by the "Meeker 
act" to January 1, 1903. He was elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 2,415 over Durell, the highest candidate or 
the Democratic ticket. 



BIOGRAPHIES. SOS 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Gulick ..• 11,974 Norton 9,397 

Colclough, Jr 11,885 Durell 9,470 

Leavitt 12,059 Wilson 9,376 

Prohibition— Cady, 269; Scarborough, 262; Kirkuff, 264. 

Socialist— Cartledge, 346; Richards, 383; Hall, 328. 



Middlesex County. 

WILLIAM HOWARD CROSBY JACKSON. 
(Rep., New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Jackson was born in New Brunswick, N. J., Janu- 
ary 26, 1867, and is the representative in New York for 
Hay Foundry and Iron Works, of Newark, N. J. He is a 
thirty-second degree Mason, a member of Union Lodge, 
No. 19, F. & A. M., Scott Chapter No. 4, R. A. M., New York 
Consistory, thirty-second degree, A. A. S. R., Mecca Tem- 
ple, A. A. O. N. M. S., an exalted ruler of New Brunswick 
Lodge No. 324, B. P. O. E., and president of the Brunswick 
Club. He is also vi'ce-president of the Young Men's Re- 
publican Club and a member of the Y. M. C. A. Mr. Jack- 
son was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 193 
over Ridgeway, Democrat, and 28 over Whitford, the low- 
est candidate on the Republican ticket. Last year he 
served on the Committees on Appropriations, Claims and 
Pensions, and Federal Relations. 

JOHN EDGAR MONTGOMERY. 
(Rep., South Amboy.) 

Mr. Montgomery was born at Old Bridge, May 13th, 1844, 
and is a merchant. He was formerly a clerk. He served 
one year in the United States Navy during the Civil war 
and is a member of St. Stephen Lodge, F. and A. M. He 
was re-elected to the Assembly for a fourth term by a 
plurality of 229 over Ridgeway, Democrat, and 64 over 
Whitford, the lowest candidate on the Republican ticket. 
Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Railroads and Canals, and Printing, and as a member of 
the Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

BERNARD M. GANNON. 
(Dem., Perth Amboy.) 

Mr. Gannon was born at Port Jervis, N. Y., August 23, 
1869, and is a railroad and an express agent. He was for- 
20 



306 BIOGRAPHIES. 

merly a locomotive fireman. He served two years in the 
Board of Aldermen of Perth Amboy, and is author of the 
law making- eight hours a legal day's work for city em- 
ployes. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
96 over "VMiitford, Republican. He received more votes 
than any other candidate for Assembly and was the only 
Democrat elected to the Legislature in Middlesex county. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Whitford 8,045 Ridgeway 7,880 

Jackson 8,073 Gannon 8,141 

Montgomery 8,109 Rose 7,848 

Prohibition— Sprague, 190; Garrison, 191; La Hue, 187. 



Monmouth County. 

JOHN A. HOWLAND, 
(Rep., Long Branch.) 

Mr. Howland was born at Long Branch, April 2, 1852, and 
was educated at the Glenwood Institute at Matawan; was 
for three years connected with the Philadelphia Ledger 
office, assisted his father for a number of years in con- 
ducting the Howland House at Long Branch, was secre- 
tary of the Long Branch Gas Light Company, from which 
he resigned to take the Postmastership of Long Branch, to 
which he was appointed by President Grant without solic- 
itation upon his part, and served twelve years, two years 
being under President Cleveland. For nine years 
he was a deputy in the Sheriff's office, serving under 
Sheriffs Woolley, Fields and Davis. At the age of twenty- 
two years Mr. Howland was Chairman of a Republican 
Convention at Freehold, and he was a delegate to the con- 
vention at Cincinnati which nominated Hayes for the 
Presidency. He has for years been a member of the Re- 
publican County Executive Committee. 'Mr. Howland is 
one of the charter members of the Atlantic Fire Company 
of Long Branch and has also served as a vestryman in St, 
James' Church, Long Branch. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 17 over Lefferson, Democrat, 
and was the only Republican elected to the Assembly from 
Monmouth county in 1902. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Labor and Industries, Militia, and Printing. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 307 

CHARLES F. McDONALD. 
(Dem., Englishtown.) 

Mr. McDonald was bom in New York, July 1, 1858, and is 
a cigar manufacturer, being- a member of the Enterprise 
Cigar Company of Trenton, N. J. He was Postmaster at 
Englishtown during Cleveland's first administration, has 
been President of the Borough Council of Englishtown 
during the past six years and a member of the Monmouth 
County Democratic Executive Committee for ten years. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 866 over 
Hoffman, Republican. 

AMZI M. POSTEN. 
(Dem., Navesink.) 

Mr, Posten was born at Navesink, Monmouth county, 
N. J., September 12, 1858, and is an undertaker. His grand- 
father, Samuel Posten, was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
His father, William H. Posten, was elected Tax Collector 
of Middletown township for seven years. Mr. Posten, him- 
self, was elected Treasurer of the Middletown Township 
Firemen's Relief Association in 1895 and still holds that 
office. He has been a member of the Hook and Ladder 
Fire Company for twelve years and is one of the founders 
of the Anchor Lodge of I. O. O. F. of Atlantic Highlands, 
He was elected a member of the Board of Freeholders in 
1896 and was re-elected in 1898, 1900 and 1902. Mr. Posten 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 898 over 
Hoffman, Republican. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats. Republicans. 

McDonald 9,401 Hoffman 8,535 

Lefferson 8,713 Howland 8,735 

Posten 9,433 Champion 8,457 

Prohibition— Mason, 266; Chamberlain, 262; Morehouse, 
331. 
Labor— Poole, 655, 

Morris County. 

WILLIAM THOMPSON BROWN. 
(Rep., Madison.) 

Mr. Brown was born at Cliffwood, Monmouth county, 
November 10, 1858, and is a pharmacist. He spent his boy- 
hood days at South Amboy and attended the Stevensdale 
Institute, a private school in that city. He came to Madi- 



308 BIOGRAPHIES. 

son in 1880, was a clerk in a store for one year and then 
went to Staten Island, where he was in the drug business 
for a year. Two years later he returned to Madison, pur- 
chased a drug store and has continued in that business 
ever since. He was a member of the Madison Board of 
Health from 1890 to 1892, was Postmaster of that town for. 
one term of four years under President Harrison, and on 
March 14, 1899, was elected Councilman for three years by a 
majority of 136, the largest ever given in the borough. 
Mr. Brown is a member of the State Board of Pharmacy, 
serving as its treasurer. He was foimeriy President of the 
State Pharmaceutical Association. He was re-elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 895 over Salmon, the high- 
est candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he 
served on the Committees on Bill Revision, Printed Bills, 
Stationery, and State Hospitals. 

THOMAS J. HILLERY. 
(Rep., Boonton.) 

Mr. Hillery was born at Hibernia, N. J., November 18, 
1871, and is a lawyer by profession. He was formerly a civil 
engineer and surveyor. He attended the public school at 
Hibernia and subsequently at Rockaway, where he was 
graduated and received a teacher's certificate for Morris 
county. He was in the employ of G. W. & B. K. Steckle, 
general store keepers, for some time, and then associated 
himself with Lewis VanDuyne, studying land surveying 
and civil engineering, in which branches he became an ex- 
pert.- The searching of titles and drawing of deeds, to- 
gether with a natural inclination and liking for law, led 
him to take the two years' course in the New York Uni- 
versity Law School. He passed the New Jersey examina- 
tion and was admitted to the bar at the February term, 
1901. He has offices in the Boonton Bank building and 
already has an extensive practice. In 1897 he was super- 
intendent of the Boonton Water Company and at one time 
he was in the shoe business. He was elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 1,091 over Salm.on, the highest candi- 
date on the Democratic ticket. Mr. Hillery received more 
votes than any other candidate on his ticket at the elec- 
tion in 1902. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Hillery 7,050 Salmon 5,959 

Brown 6,854 McClimont 5,738 

Prohibition— Neis, 392; Clark, 373. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 309 

Ocean County, 

WILLIAM J. HARRISON. 
(Dem., Lakewood.) 

Mr. Harrison was born in Monmouth county, N. J., Jan- 
uary 11, 1852, and is a druggist. In 1882 he was a candi- 
date for the Assembly, but was defeated by George T. 
Cranmer, Republican, by a plurality of 477. For nine years 
Mr. Harrison was Postmaster at Lakewood under the 
Cleveland administrations. He was elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 490 over William L. Butler, Republi- 
can. 

1902— Harrison, Dem., 2,565; Butler, Rep., 2,075; Simpson, 
Pro., 102. Harrison's plurality, 490. 



Passaic County. 

EDMUND G. STALTER. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Stalter was born at Paterson, January 8th, 1875, and 
is a lawyer by profession. He leceived his early education 
in the public schools of Paterson, graduating from the 
High School of that city in 1S90. He prepared for college 
at Kimball Union Academy, Meriden. New Hampshire, 
graduating from that institution in 1892, and entered Yale 
University In the fall of the same year, and graduated in 
the class of 1896. 

He studied law at the Yale University Law School, taking 
the three years' course in two years, and graduated in 1898, 
then entering the law office of Z. M. Ward, of Paterson, 
from whose office he was admitted to the bar of this State. 

AVhile in college Mr. Stalter did some newspaper work, 
and was a member of the Glee Club for lour years. He 
has always been active in politics, but never held office 
before he became an Assembl^'^man. 

Mr. Stalter was re-elected to the Assembly for a fourth 
term by a plurality of 668 over VanHouten, Democrat. 
Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Revision of Laws and Treasurer's Accounts, and as a 
member of the Committees on Municipal Corporations, 
Ways and Means, and Federal Relations. 

HIRAM KEASLER. 
(Rep., Allwood.) 
Mr. Keasler was born in Acquackononk township, Pas- 
saic county, N. J., thirty-three years ago. He is a farmer 



310 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and lives on the farm where he was born. He was elected 
as a member of the Township Committee In 1894 and served 
five years, and in 1898 he was elected to tne Board of Free- 
holders for the term ending in 1901. He is a member of 
the Republican County Committee. He was re-elected to 
the Assembly for a third term by a plurality of 391 over 
VanHouten, Democrat. Last year he served as Chairman 
of the Committee on Unfinished Business and as a mem- 
ber of the Committees on Towns and Townships, and In- 
dustrial School for Girls. 

FREDERICK W. VAN BLARCOM. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Van Blarcom was born in Paterson, August 3, 1874, 
and is a counselor at law. He was graduated from Mont- 
gomery Academy, Montgomery, N. Y., in 1890, and from 
the Paterson High School in 1892. He was admitted as an 
attorney at the June term, 1896, and as a counselor at the 
June term, 1900. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 434 over VanHouten, Democrat. Last year he 
served as a member of the Committees on Judiary and 
Miscellaneous Business. 

GEORGE H. DALRYMPLE. 
(Rep., Passaic City.) 

Mr. Dalrymple was born at Marshall's Corner, now 
Glenmore, Mercer county, N. J., August 6, 1861. He spent 
his boyhood on his father's farm, continuing to work on 
it for seven years after his father's death. At the age of 
19 he began to work in the Star Rubber Factory at Tren- 
ton for $3 per week. He remained with the Trenton con- 
cern but a short time, leaving it to take a position with the 
Okonite Rubber Company, of Passaic, where, by his indus- 
try, he worked his way to the position of foreman. Here 
he met with an accident that cost him three fingers of his 
right hand shortly after he married, and realizing that his 
loss would incapacitate him to an extent in his business, 
he abandoned it and took up the study of law. For a 
time he was in the law office of F. A. von Moschzisker, of 
Passaic, and finished his legal education in the office of 
Miller & Meyers, in the same city. Admitted to the bar 
in 1897, he has been engaged in active practice since that 
time. Prior to his marriage Mr. Dalrymple could write 
little more than his own name, but he applied himself vig- 
orously to the task of self-education, and after mastering 
the elementary branches took a course in the Columbia 



BIOGRAPHIES. 31i 

Business College at Paterson, where he was a class-mate 
of Congressman William Hughes. Mr. Dalrymple is now 
a well-educated, intelligent and successful professional 
man. He has served Passaic City as a School Commis- 
sioner for four years (two years as secretary), and for 
two years past has been treasurer of the Passaic County 
Republican Committee. He is a member and for two years 
was president of Rescue Hook and Ladder Company of 
Passaic's volunteer fire department; is a member of Solar 
Lodge No. 126, I. O. O. F., of Passaic; of Charity Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias; of Passaic Lodge of Elks No. 387; of 
the Passaic Rod and Gun Club, and of several other or- 
ganizations, and served a full term of five years in Com- 
pany D of the old Second Regiment, N. G. N. J. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 322 over Van 
Houten, Democrat. 

ANTON L. PETTERSEN. 
(Dem., Passaic City.) 

Mr. Pettersen was born in Bergen, Norway, April 12, 1867, 
of a family that traces its ancestry back over a period of 
more than 500 years. His father was one of the leading 
merchants of the old city of Bergen, and the youth was 
educated in the Bergen schools and in the Bergen Poly- 
technic College, gra.duating as a civil and mechanical engi- 
neer. He devoted himself, after graduating, to civil and 
sanitary engineering. He came to this country in 1887 and 
associated himself with the Lehigh Valley Railroad, secur- 
ing a prominent position in the office of the chief engineer 
of the road at Mauch Chunk. Severing his connection with 
the railroad company, he went to Passaic, where he ob- 
tained a position in the offices of Wise & Wilson, civil 
engineers. Again he changed employers, associating him- 
self for a time with Dunderberg's Spiral Railway Com- 
pany's engineering department, near Haverstraw, N. Y. 
He then returned to Norway and was for two years the 
chief of the surveying department of his native city. Re- 
turning to America at the end of two years, he shortly 
afterward made a second trip to Europe in 1894, this time 
to devote himself to the study of sewerage and municipal 
engineering. To these branches of his profession he has 
not alone devoted much study, but has had a great deal of 
experience. He is at present associated with the office of 
City Engineer Colin R. Wise, of Passaic, one of the most 
prominent engineering authorities of the state. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 892 over Bogert, 
Republican, and 169 over VanHouten, Democrat. 



312 BIOGRAPHIES. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Stalter 13,352 Pettersen 12,853 

VanBlarcom 13,118 VanHouten 12,684 

Keasler 13,075 Merrey 12,593 

Dalrymple 13,006 Lee 12,202 

Bogert 11,961 Feder 12,046 

Prohibition— West, 198; Eldredge, 202; Forfar, 201; Patton, 
204; Touw, 205. 

Social-Labor— Tully, 352; Koettgen, 354; Butterworth, 360; 
Schmitter, 353; Slingland, 353. 

Socialist— Glanz, 441; Reidel, 439; Berthold, 443; Siccama, 
438; Hueclc, 441. 



Salem County. 

EPHRAIM C. HARRIS. 
(Dem., Elmer.) 

Mr. Harris was born near Bridgeton, Cumberland county, 
N. J., October 20, 1846, and is a farmer and dairyman. He 
is a son of James Ewing Harris and a grandson of the late 
Lay Judge William Loper. He received his education in 
the public schools and the West Jersey Academy at 
Bridgeton. With the exception of a few years, when he 
taught school, he has always followed farming and the 
dairy business. He has served in the Board of Education 
and has been a member of the Masonic fraternity thfrty- 
three years. He is a charter member and was the prime 
mover in organizing Elmer Lodge, No. 160, F. & A. M. 
He has always been an active Democrat. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 25 over BarraclifC, Re- 
publican. 

1902— Harris, Dem., 3,124; Barracliff, Rep., 2,099; Beal, Pro., 
251. Harris' plurality, 25. 



Somerset County. 

SAMUEL S. SWACKHAMER. 
(Dem., Plainfield.) 

Mr. Swackhamer was born at White House, N. J., Aug- 
ust 7, 1859, and is a lawyer by profession. He was formerly 
a school teacher. He was a member of the Council of the 
borough of North Plainfield for a term of three years from 
March, 1898, to March, 1901. He was elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 156 over Hoagland, Republican. 

1902— Swackhamer, Dem., 3,648; Hoagland. Rep., 3,492; 
Herrman, Pro., 132. Swackhamer's plurality, 156. 



BIOGRAPHIES. • 313 

Sussex County. 

LEWIS S. ILIFF. 
(Dem., Newton.) 

Mr. IlifC was born at Andover, Sussex county, N. J., De- 
cember 8, 1855, and is a dealer in lumber, coal, etc. He 
was Water Commissioner of the town of Newton for five 
years from May 20, 1896, to May 20. 1901. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 403 over Roe, Republican. 
Last year he served on the Committees on Agriculture, 
Ways and Means and Sinking Fund. 

1902— IlifC, Dem., 2,876; Roe, Rep., 2,473; Roe, Pro., 84; Van 
Gorder, Soc.-Lab., 39. Iliff's plurality, 403. 



Union County. 

WILLIAM NEWCORN. 
(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Mr. Newcorn was born in Cracow, Austria, March 4, 1868, 
and is a lawyer by profession. In 1870 his family located 
in New York city, where he attended the grammar schools, 
and from which he was graduated. He then accepted a 
position with the Knickerbocker Ice Company, which he 
held for four years, and next engaged in the wholesale 
and retail tobacco business for himself. In 1889 he located 
in Plainfield and opened a store devoted to sporting goods. 
He continued in that business until January 1, 1897. While 
engaged in commercial pursuits he devoted his leisure 
moments to reading law. He was admitted to the bar in 
1897. In 1893 he was elected a Justice of the Peace and 
resigned that ofRce in 1897. For the last seven years he has 
been a member of the Union County Republican Commit- 
tee; for nine years he has been a member of the City Re- 
publican Committee, during the last three of which he has 
been its Secretary and Treasurer. 

Mr. Newcorn is a member of Miantonomon Tribe, No. IS. 
Improved Order of Red Men, of Plainfield; on February 
23, 1900, he was elected great sachem of the Great Reserva- 
tion of New Jersey, and is one of the present great repre- 
sentatives to the Great-Great Council of the United States. 
He is a member of lona Council, No. 14, D. of P., is past 
master workman and financier of Central Lodge, No. 48, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, and besides he is a 
member of Protective Council, No. 507, Improved Order of 



314 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Heptasophs, a member of Passaic Lodge, No. 387, Benevo- 
lent Order of Elks; consul commander of Robin Hood 
Camp; No. 7, W. O. W., and of Unity Lodge, No. 102, K. of 
P. Mr. Newcorn was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 632 over Moffett, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. Last year he served on the Commit- 
tees on Boroughs and Borough Commissions, Revision of 
Laws and Industrial School for Girls. 

WILLIAM FERGUSON HALL. 
(Rep., Cranford.) 

Mr. Hall was born in New York city, July 17, 1866, and 
is a dry goods merchant. He was formerly a salesman 
in the same business. He has been Chairman of the Cran- 
ford Township Committee since the spring of 1901, is a 
member of the Benevolent Order of Elks and also of the 
New York Athletic Club. He was re-elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 867 over Moffatt, the highest candi- 
date on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served on 
the Committees on Labor and Industries, Public Health 
and Public Grounds and Buildings, 

EDWARD SAMUEL COYNE. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Coyne was born at Mariners' Harbor, N. Y., Octo- 
ber 11, 1862, and is manager of the Manhattan Stove Works, 
New York city. He moved to Elizabeth, N. J., when he 
was a year old, where he has since resided. He was grad- 
uated from the Morrell street public school at the age of 
15, at which time he entered the employ of Eugene Munsell 
& Co., stove manufacturers, of New York city, serving 
them in the capacity of boy, clerk, bookkeeper, traveling 
salesman, and now holds the position of manager of the 
company. No man is better known or better liked in the 
wholesale stove business than the popular manager of the 
Manhattan Stove Works. He has had the honor to repre- 
sent his company for a number of years in the National 
Association of Stove Manufacturers, where his name and 
face are as familiar as that of any of the representatives 
of his age. 

Outside of his business Mr. Coyne has always taken an 
active interest in politics and athletics. He has the honor 
of being the representative of the Tenth ward of Elizabeth 
in the Board of Aldermen of that city, in which office he 
has been acknowledged as minority leader, accomplish- 
ing more for his party in this position than could be looked 



BIOGRAPHIES. 315 

for. His success in this office is due to his intense inter- 
est and personal popularity, even with those opposed to 
him politically. Pie successfully managed the baseball and 
football departments of the Elizabeth Athletic Club for 
many years. He also filled the office as secretary of the 
Elizabeth Athletic Club for five years and served as secre- 
tary of Elizabeth Council, No. 170, R. A., for seven years. 
He is a member of the Central Baptist Church and a num- 
ber of associations in Elizabeth, including- Washington 
Lodge, No. 33, F. & A. M.; Elizabeth Council, No. 170, R. A.; 
Elizabeth Club, Elizabeth Board of Trade, and the Mat- 
tano Club. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 1,263 over Moffatt, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. Mr. Coyne polled more votes than any other 
candidate on his ticket at the election in 1902. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats 

Coyne 11,168 Marz 9,178 

Hall 10,772 Reiss 9,330 

Newcorn 10,537 Moffatt 9,905 

Prohibition— King, 184; Fletcher, 189; Runyon, 184. 
Socialist— Rost, 339; Cramer, 351; Taake, 334. 
Social-Labor— Maeder, 195; Brandt, 190; Cullen, 193. 



"Warren County. 

JOHN A. WILDRICK. 
(Dem., Blairstown.) 

Colonel Wildrick was born at Blairstown, N. J., Novem- 
ber 17, 1838, and is engaged in farming, etc. He was edu- 
cated at the Blairstown Presbyterian Academy and was 
a clerk in the general merchandise store of Howell & 
Cummins, at Newton, from 1857 to 1861. He responded to 
the call for troops of the President of the United States 
in 1861 and was commissioned First Lieutenant of the Sus- 
sex Rifle Company by Governor Olden on May 1 of that* 
year. This command not getting to the front, he assisted 
in recruiting for three years' service Company B, Second 
New Jersey Volunteers, of which he was commissioned 
First Lieutenant May 27, 1861. He was promoted to the 
Captaincy of the same company and subsequently was 
made Lieutenant-Colonel of the Twenty-eighth New Jer- 
sey Volunteers. 

The Colonel was elected Clerk of the County of Warren 
in 1890 and served a regular term of five years in that 



316 BIOGRAPHIES. 

office. He is a son of the late Isaac Wildrick, who was a 
member of Congress from New Jersey from 1849 to 1853 
and a member of the House of Assembly in 1883, '84 and '85. 
Colonel Wildrick was elected to the Assembly by a plural- 
ity of 1.003 over Frank R. Givens, Republican. 

1902— Wildrick, Dem., 4,400; Givens, Rep., 3,397; Apgar, 
Pro., 323. Wildrick' s plurality, 1,003. 



Nummary, 

House— Republicans 38 Democrats 22=60 

Senate— Republicans... 14 Democrats 7=21 

52 29 81 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 23. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 317 

THE JUDICIARY. 



United States District Covirt. 
ANDREW KIRKPATRICK, Newark. 

Judge Kirkpatrick was born in Washington, D. C, Octo- 
ber 8th, 1844. His father was J. Bayard Kirkpatrick, of 
New Brunswick. Andrew Kirkpatrick, a Justice of the 
Supreme Court in this State from 1797 to 1803, and Chief 
Justice from 1803 to 1824, was his grandfather. After re- 
ceiving a thorough preliminary education he entered Rut- 
gers College, and there he had for a classmate the late 
"Vice-President Hobart. The Judge, after leaving Rutgers, 
went to Union College, Schenectady, N. Y., and from there 
he graduated. He was an apt student, and in 1866 he was 
admitted to the bar. Three years later he was made a 
counselor, and soon after he began the practice of law in 
Newark with the late Frederick H. Teese, who at one time 
represented the Essex district in Congress. 

Governor Abbett, in 1885, appointed Mr. Kirkpatrick to 
succeed Judge Ludlow McCarter, as Law Judge of the 
Essex County Court of Common Pleas, and he held that 
position until December 1st, 1SS6, when he resigned to 
occupy his present position. His commission is dated No- 
vember 20th, 1896, and he was appointed to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge Edward T. Green. His salary 
is $5,000 a year, and his ofl^ce has a life tenure. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 



COURT OF CHANCERY. 

Chancellor. 

WILLIAM J. MAGIE, Elizabeth. 

(Term seA'^en years, salary $10,000 per annum.) 
Chancellor Magie was born at Elizabeth, Union county, 
N. J., December 9th, 1832. His father, David Magie, was for 
nearly forty-five years pastor of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Elizabeth, and was also a native of the same 
town. He entered Princeton College in 1852 and graduated 
in 1855. He studied law with the late Francis B. Chetwood, 
of Elizabeth, was admitted as an attorney in 1856 and as a 
counselor in 1859. For six years he was associated in prac- 



318 BIOGRAPHIES. 

tice with Mr. Chetwood, and after practicing alone for 
some time he formed another co-partnership with Mr. 
Joseph Cross. From 1866 to 1871 he was Prosecutor of the 
Pleas for Union county. He has been connected with the 
banks of Elizabeth, and has acted as counsel for several 
corporations. He was elected to the State Senate from 
Union county in 1875 for a term of three years, and in 1880 
he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court by Gov- 
ernor McClellan. He was re-appointed by Governor Green 
in 1887 and by Governor Werts in 1894. On March 1st, 1897, 
he was nominated by Governor Griggs as Chief Justice to 
succeed the late Mercer Beasley, and he was at once con- 
firmed by the Senate. He served in that office until May 2d, 
1900, when he was appointed by Governor Voorhees to fill 
the vacancy in the office of Chancellor caused by the death 
of Alexander T. McGill. On January 14, ISOl, he was nomi- 
nated for a full term of office by Governor Voorhees, and 
the nomination was at once confirmed by the Senate. His 
term will expire January 14, 1908. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. 



Vice-Chancellors. 

(Term seven years, salary $9,000 a year.) 

HENRY C. PITNEY, Morristown. 

Vice-Chancellor Pitney, LL.D., was born at Mendham, 
Morris county, N. J., January 17th, 1827. He was graduated 
from Princeton College in the class of '48, which has since 
conferred on him the honorary degree of LL.D. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in July, 1851, and as a 
counselor in November, 1854. He is regarded as one of the 
ablest constitutional lawyers in New Jersey. He was ap- 
pointed Vice-Chancellor for a term of seven years in the 
spring of 1889 and in 1896 he was re-appointed for another 
full term. In politics he is a Republican. His term expires 
in 1903. 

JOHN R. EMERY, Newark. 

Vice-Chancellor Emery was born in Flemlngton, Hunter- 
don county, N. J., July 6th, 1842. He was graduated from 
Princeton College in 1861. and studied law under Bennet 
Van Syckel, now a Justice of the Supreme Court, and also 
under the late Vice-Chancellor Van Fleet. In 1865 he was 
admitted to the bar, when he formed a partnership with 
Mr. Van Fleet, which continued for one year. Then he 
went to Trenton, where he formed a partnership with the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 319 

late Augustus G. Richey, which was continued until 1874. 
The next year he moved to Newark, where he opened a 
law office and soon built up an extensive practice. About 
eighteen years ago Mr. Emery was made an Advisory 
Master. He has never held any political office. He was ap- 
pointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor McGill on January 
29th, 1895, for a full term of seven years, to succeed the late 
Vice-Chancellor Van Fleet. He was re-appointed by Chan- 
cellor Magie in 1902. In politics he is a Republican. His 
term will expire in January, 1909. 

ALFRED REED, Trenton. 

Vice-Chancellor Reed was born December 23d, 1839, in 
Ewing township, Mercer county. He attended the Law- 
renceville High School in 1856 and the Model School at 
Trenton in 1857-58, and entered Rutgers College, at New 
Brunswick, in 1859. In the fall of 1860 he was matriculated 
at the State and Normal Law School, at Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y., and in the summer of 1862 admitted to the practice 
of law in New York. He returned to Trenton and renewed 
his study of law, and was admitted to the bar of New Jer- 
sey at the June Term, 1864. In the spring of 1865 he was 
elected to the Common Council of Trenton, of which body 
he was made President. He was elected Mayor of Trenton 
in 1867, serving for one year, and in the spring of 1869 he 
v/as appointed Law Judge of Mercer county, a position he 
held for a full term of five years. On April 8th, 1875, he was 
appointed by Governor Bedle a Justice of the Supreme 
Court; in 1882 he was re-appointed by Governor Ludlow, 
and in 1889 by Governor Green. In June, 1895 he was ap- 
pointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor McGill, to succeed 
the late Robert S. Green, for a term of seven years. He 
was re-appointed by Chancellor Magie in 1902. His term 
will expire in June, 1909. In politics he is a Democrat. 

FREDERIC W. STEVENS, Newark. 

Vice-Chancellor Stevens was born in Hoboken, N. J., 
June 9th, 1846. He was graduated from Columbia Law 
College in 1865; was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney in November, 1868, and as a counselor three 
years later. He first came into public life in 1873, when he 
was appointed Judge of the Second District Court of New- 
ark. He remained in that position for two years. In 1839 
the Judge was appointed County Counsel of Essex county, 
and filled that office for some years. Although he has not 
held any other public offices, Mr. Stevens has always been 
a prominent figure in some of the biggest legal fights ever 



320 BIOGRAPHIES. 

made in the State and County Courts. One of those was 
the settlement of the back taxes of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna and Western Railroad Company. In that case he 
and Judge Dillon acted as arbitrators. He is a member 
of the Ecclesiastical Law Committee of the Protestant 
Episcopal Diocese of Newark, and, with Cortlandt Parker, 
revised all of the canons governing that body. He was 
appointed Vice-Chancellor in 1896, as a successor to John 
T. Bird. His term will expire in 1903. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 

MARTIN P. GREY, Camden. 

Vice-Chancellor Grey was born at Camden (then in Glou- 
cester county). New Jersey, December 20th, 1841. He was 
the third son of Philip James Grey, Esq., and Sarah Wool- 
ston Grey, his wife. He was educated in the schools of his 
native town and in the city of Philadelphia. He was admit- 
ted as an attorney-at-law at the June Term of the Supreme 
Court in New Jersey in 1863. He was called to the bar as 
counselor at the June Term, 1866. He began the practice 
of law at Salem in June, 1863, and there continued until 
January 1st, 1887, when he formed a partnership with his 
older brother, Samuel H. Grey, Esq., lately Attorney-Gen- 
eral, at Camden, N. J., and continued the practice of law 
at the latter place under the firm name of Grey Sc Grey, 
until May 19th, 1896, when he was tendered by the late 
Alexander T. McGill, Chancellor, the appointment of Vice- 
Chancellor, which he accepted. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. His term will expire in 1903. 

EUGENE STEVENSON, Paterson. 

Vice-Chancellor Stevenson was born in Brooklyn, N. T., 
June 28, 1849. He moved to Paterson with his parents in 
1866, and has since resided there. He was graduated from 
the New York University as a Bachelor of Arts in the 
class of 1870, and w^as also graduated from the Law De- 
partment of the same institution. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law office of Socrates Tuttle, father-in-law of 
the late Vice-President Hobart, where he continued his 
studies. In June, 1874, Mr. Stevenson was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney-at-law, and three years later was 
made a counsellor. In 1881 he was appointed a Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Passaic county by Governor Ludlow. He 
served a full term of five years in that office. He did not 
seek a reappointment. Since that time he has never held 
a public office, although he has often been sought as ^ 
candidate for such. Prior to his elevation to the bench he 



BIOGRAPHIES. 321 

enjoyed a very large practice in the higher courts of the 
State. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor on April 16, 1901, 
for a full term of seven years. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat. His term will expire in 1908. 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

Term of office, seven years. The salary of the Chief Justice 

is $10,000 a year, and that of each Associate 

Justice, $9,000.) 

Chief Justice. 

WILLIAM S. GUMMERE, Newark. 

Chief Justice Gummere was born in Trenton, June 24th, 
1852, and is a son of the late Barker Gummere, who for 
many years was one of the acknowledged leaders of the 
bar of New Jersey. The Justice was educated at the old 
Trenton Academy and the Lawrenceville School, and was 
graduated from Princeton College in 1870. He studied law 
with his father, and upon being admitted to the bar he 
practiced for a time in the office of G. D. W. Vroom, when 
that gentleman was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer 
county. Subsequently Mr. Gummere formed a co-partner- 
ship v.ith his uncle, the late ex-Governor Parker, in New- 
ark, and after that had been dissolved he was associated 
with Oscar Keen, of the same city. This continued until 
the late Edward T. Green was made Judge of the United 
States District Court, when Mr. Gummere succeeded him 
as counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, with 
offices in Trenton. On February 18th, 1895, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Werts as a Justice of the Supreme 
Court, to succeed the late Justice Abbett for a term of 
seven years, and he was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate on the day follov/ing. On January 28, 1901, he was 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to take effect on November 16, 1901, and he 
was confirmed on February 4th following. The nomination 
was made to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chief Justice David A. Depue, who, after serving a period 
of thirty-five years on the bench, vacated the office on 
November 16th, 1901. Chief Justice Gummere took the oath 
of office on November 19, 1901. In politics he is a Republi- 
can. His term will expire in 1908. His circuit comprises 
Essex county. Population, 359,053. 
21 



322 BIOGRAPHIES 

Associate Justices. 

Eight altogether. Salary, $9,000 a year 
BENNET VAN SYCKEL, Trenton. 

Justice Van Syckel was born April 17, 1830, in Bethlehem, 
Hunterdon county, N. J. He was prepared for college at 
Easton, Pa., entered Princeton College in 1843, and was 
graduated in 1846, in the same class with David A. Depue, 
lately Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Immediately 
after graduating he entered the law office of Alexander 
Wurts, of Flemington, in which he remained until he was 
admitted to the bar, in 1851. He at once began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Flemington. In 1869 he was ap- 
pointed to a seat on the bench of the Supreme Court, and 
was re-appointed in 1876, again in 1883, again in 1890, and 
by Governor Griggs in 1897. He is a Democrat in politics. 
His present term expires February 15, 1904. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Union and Ocean. 
Total population, 119,100. 

JONATHAN DIXON, Jersey City. 

Justice Dixon was born in the city of Liverpool, England, 
July 6, 1839. He remained there until his eighth year, 
having attended the public schools for two or three years. 
His family then removed to Marypont, Cumberland county, 
in the same country, where his education was continued. 
His father came to the United States in 1848, and his fam- 
ily followed him two years later, and settled in New 
Brunswick, N. J. Jonathan became an inmate of the homo 
of Cornelius L. Hardenberg, a lawyer, who suffered from 
blindness, and to him the lad acted as attendant and aman- 
uensis for nearly fi^■e years, or until September, 1855. In 
that year he entered Rutgers College, and graduated from 
that institution in 1859. He then entered the law office of 
his former tutor, Warren Hardenberg, and studied there 
for twelve months. Upon Mr. Hardenberg removing to 
New York, Mr. Dixon entered the office of George R. Dut- 
ton. and subsequently that of Robert Adrain, both of these 
gentlemen being members of the bar of New Brunswick. • 
While studying law he taught school as a means of liveli- 
hood. He was admitted as an attorney in November, 1862, 
and three years later as a counselor. After being admitted 
as an attorney he moved to Jersey City and entered the 
law offlce cf E. B. Wakeman In a clerical capacity, and in 
the aprinff of 1864 he formed a co-partnership with his em- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 323 

ployer, which lasted one year. For five years he prac- 
ticed by himself, and then formed a co-partnership with 
Gilbert Collins, now a Justice of the Supreme Court. In 
April, 1875, he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme 
Court by Governor Bedle; in 1882 he was re-appointed by 
Governor Ludlow, in 1889 by Governor Green, and in 1896 
by Governor Griggs. He is a Republican in politics, and 
was the candidate of his party for Governor in 1883, when 
he was defeated by the late Leon Abbett. His present 
term expires in 1903. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Passaic and Bergen. 
Total population, 233,643. 

CHARLES GRANT GARRISON, Camden. 

Justice Garrison was born in Swedesboro, Gloucester 
county, N. J., August 3d, 1849. He is a son of Rev. Joseph 
Fithian Garrison, D. D., a well-known divine of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, who was a professor in a Phila- 
delphia college for a number of years, and died in 1893. 
The Judge was educated at Edgehill School, Princeton, at 
the Episcopal Academy. Philadelphia, and in the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated as a physi- 
cian in 1872. He practiced that profession until 1876, at 
Swedesboro, and then entered the law office of Samuel H. 
Grey, of Camden, where he remained until he was admit- 
ted to the bar in 1878. He was made Judge-Advocate Gen- 
eral of New Jersey in 1884, and in 1882 he was made Chan- 
cellor of the Southern Diocese of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of New Jersey. He was appointed to the Supreme 
Court bench in January, 1888, in the place of the late ex- 
Governor Joel Parker, for a full term of seven years. He 
was re-appointed in 1895 by Governor Werts and again by 
Governor Murphy in 1902. In politics he is a Democrat. 
His term expires in 1909. 

His circuit consists of the counties of Burlington, Cam- 
den and Gloucester. Total population, 197,789. 

GILBERT COLLINS. Jersey City. 

Justice Collins was born August 26th, 1846, in Stonington, 
Conn., where his family had long been settled, and where 
his father was engaged in manufactures. He received a 
classical education. In 1863 he removed to Jersey City, 
N. J., where his father, then recently deceased, had had 
business interests. He studied law under Jonathan Dixon, 
now a Justice of the Supreme Court, Justice Collins was 
admitted to practice in this State as an attorney February, 



324 BIOGRAPHIES. 

1869, and as a counselor in February, 1872. He practiced 
his profession in Jersey City, first as a partner of Judge 
Dixon, and afterward with Charles L. and William H. 
Corbin, under the firm name Collins «& Corbin. 

He was Mayor of Jersey City from May, 1884. to May, 
1886. On March 2d, 1897, he was appointed Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of this State by Governor Griggs, 
and on March Sth, his nomination was by the Senate \man- 
imously confirmed. He is a Republican in politics. His 
term will expire March Sth, 1904. 

His circuit comprises the county of Hudson. Total popu- 
lation, 335,048. 

JOHN FRANKLIN FORT, East Orange. 

Justice Fort was born at Pemberton, Burlington county, 
March 20, 1852, and is the eldest child and only son of An- 
drew H. and Hannah A. Fort, and a nepnew of the late 
George F. Fort, who was Governor of New Jersey in 1852. 
He received his early education at the Mount Holly Insti- 
tute and later attended Pennington Seminary. He began 
the study of the law in Philadelphia in the ofl^ce of Edward 
Paxson, afterward Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania. When Mr. Paxson was appointed Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia, Mr. Fort con- 
tinued his studies with Ewan Merritt, Esq., then one of 
the foremost lawyers in Burlington county, and for nine 
months of his student term he was in the office of Garrit 
S. Cannon, then Prosecutor of the Pleas for Burlington 
county. He graduated from the Albany Law School in 
1872 with the degree of LL.B. 

Mr. Fort was admitted to the bar as an attorney at the 
November term of 1S73 and as a counselor in 1876. His polit- 
ical career began before he had attained his majority in 
the Presidential campaign of 1872. He served as Journal 
Clerk of the House of Assembly during the sessions of 1873- 
74. In May, 1S74. he located in Newark and began the 
practice of the law in Essex county. In 1878 he was ap- 
liointed by Governor McClellan as Judge of the First Dis- 
trict Court of the city of Newark, for the term of five 
%ears, at the expiration of which he was re-appointed by 
Governor Ludlow, but resigned the office in the third year 
of his second term to resum^e active practice. 

P'or a number of years he has been a prominent figure 
in local and State politics. He served on the Republican 
State Committee and was Vice-President of that body in 
1S89. He was a delegate-at-large to the National Republi- 
can Convention of 1884 which nominated Mr. Blaine for 



BIOGRAPHIES. 325 

President. He presided over the State Republican Conven- 
tions of 1889 and 1895, when General Grubb and John W. 
Griggs were respectively nominated for Governor. At the 
National Republican Convention held in St. Louis in 1896 
Mr. Fort, speaking for New Jersey, placed in nomination 
for Vice-President of the United States the name of Garret 
A. Hobart. He was a member of the Constitutional Com- 
mission of 1894, and is now one of the three New Jersey 
members of the Constitutional Commission on Uniform 
Laws for all the States, and is active in that national body. 

On December 1st, 1896, Governor Griggs appointed Mr. 
Fort as Judge of the Essex County Court of Common 
Pleas to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Andrew 
Kirkpatrick, who had accepted the office of Judge of the 
United States District Court for New Jersey. When the 
Legislature assembled Judge Fort was nominated for a 
full term of five years and was unanimously confirmed by 
the Senate. In May, 1900, Judge Fort was appointed by 
Governor Voorhees as a Justice of the Supreme Court to 
fill a vacancy caused by the elevation of Justice Depue to 
the office of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. On Janu- 
ary 141h, 1901, he was nominated by Governor Voorhees for 
a full term of seven years, and the nomination was con- 
firmed by the Senate on January 22d. His term will expire 
in 1908. In politics he is a Republican. 

Justice Fort's circuit is composed of the counties of Mon- 
mouth and Middlesex. Population, 161,819. 

ABRAM QUICK GARRETSON, Morristown. 

Justice Garretson was born in Franklin township, Som- 
erset county, N. J., March 11, 1842. He is a descendant of 
two of the earliest families in Somerset county, both being 
of Holland-Dutch stock. His parents were Martin 
Schenck and Ann (Quick) Garretson, arid his maternal 
great-grandfather, Abram Quick, was a Colonel of New 
Jersey Militia in the Revolutionary war. His ancestors 
took an active part in public and commercial affairs, held 
posts of honor and trust, and were always among the fore- 
most citizens of their time. 

In 1859 Mr. Garretson entered the sophomore class of 
Rutgers College, from which he received the degree of 
A. M., standing first in his class. He decided upon the law 
as his profession, and almost immediately after he had 
graduated at Rutgers he registered as a student in the 
office of Abraham O. Zabriskie, of Jersey City, who was 
afterward Chancellor of New Jersey. He subsequently at- 



326 BIOGRAPHIES. 

tended Harvard Law School, and in November, 1865. was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney, and 
three years later as a counselor. Subsequently he was 
admitted to practice before the United States Supreme 
Court at Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Garretson began the active practice of his profession 
in Jersey City in 1865, being associated with the late Robert 
Gilchrist, afterward Attorney General of New Jersey. In 
1867 he took up his professional work alone, and in Febru- 
ary, 1869, was appointed by Governor Randolph as Prose- 
cutor of the Pleas of Hudson county for a term of five 
years, at the expiration of which, in 1874, he was re- 
appointed by Governor Parker. In 1878, after serving in 
this capacity for nine consecujtive years, he resigned to 
accept at the hands of Governor McClellan the office of 
President Judge of the Hudson County Court of Common 
Pleas, which position he filled for a full term of five years. 
Since then he devoted his time to the practice of his pro- 
fession, and until he was appointed to his present office. 
In 1883 he formed a co-partnership with James B. Vreden- 
burgh, under the firm name of Vredenburgh & Garretson, 
which continued until his elevation to the bench of the 
Supreme Court. He was a member of the staff of the late 
Governor Bedle, and in politics Justice Garretson has 
alwaj'-s been a Democrat. Upon the death of Justice Lip- 
pincott in July, 1900, Governor Voorhees appointed Mr. 
Garretson to fill the vacancy on the bench, and he was 
sworn into office July 19th of that year. On January 14th. 
1901, he was nominated by Governor Voorhees for a full 
term of seven years, and the nom.ination was confirmed by 
the Senate on January 22d. His term will expire in 1908. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Morris, Somerset 
and Sussex. Total population, 122,238. 

CHARLES E. HENDRICKSON, Mount Holly. 

Justice Hendrickson was born at New Egypt, Monmouth 
county (now Ocean), N. J., January 8th, 1843. He pre- 
pared for college at the academy in his native town. In 
September, 1860, he entered the Sophomore Class of Union 
College, Schenectady, N. T., but continued there only one 
term, joining the Sophomore Class of Princeton College, 
N. J., the following January, where he graduated at the 
age of twenty with the class of 1863. On leaving college 
he conducted a classical school for one year at Pemberton, 
N. J. He studied law with Abraham Browning and Garrit 
S. Cannon, successively, and was admitted to the bar of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 327 

New Jersey as an attorney at the November term of the 
Supreme Court, 1866, and three years later as counselor. 
He settled at Mount Holly upon his admission to the bar, 
where he has since resided. He was appointed Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Burlington county by Governor Randolph 
in March, 1870, and was re-appointed by Governors Bedie, 
McClellan and Abbett, thus serving- twenty years in the 
office, from which he voluntarily retired at the close of his 
fourth term, in March, 1890. 

He was elected to the House of Assembly from the Third 
district of Burlington county in 1867. He represented the 
New Jersey Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church as one of the two Lay Delegates from that body 
to the General Conference of that Church held at Balti- 
more in May, 1876. He was there appointed by the Board 
of Bishops one of the Committee to Revise the Hymnal of 
the Church, a work that was completed by the committee 
and presented to the Board of Bishops at their meeting in 
Cleveland, O., the following year. He has further served 
the New Jersey Annual Conference as Trustee of Dickinson 
College and of Pennington Seminary, and was President 
of the Board of Trustees of the latter institution for a 
number of years. He was also a Lay Delegate to the 
Methodist Ecumenical Conference held in Washington, 
D. C, in 1891, having been designated by the Board of 
Bishops as one of the representatives from the New Jersey 
Conference District. 

He was appointed by Governor Griggs a Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals on March 26th, 1896, for a 
term of six years. On January 28th, 1901, he was nomi- 
nated by Governor "Voorhees for Justice- of the Supreme 
Court, to fill a vacancy caused by the death of George C. 
Ludlow, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate 
on February 4th. In politics the Justice is a Democrat. 
His term will expire in 1908. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland and Salem. 
Population, 136,326. 

MAHLON PITNEY, Morristown. 

Justice Pitney was born at Morristown, N. J., February 
5th, 1S58, and is a son of Vice-Chancellor Pitney. He ob- 
tained his early education in the schools of his native town, 
and entered Princeton College in 1875, and was graduated 
in 1879. Upon graduation he at once commenced the study 
of law in the office of his father, who was then practicing 
in Morristown. He was admitted to the bar as an attorney 
in June, 1882, and became a counselor-at-law in 1885. He 



328 BIOGRAPHIES. 

opened an office in Dover, Morris county, in 1882, and re- 
mained there until 1889, when he returned to Morristown, 
wheve he practiced law until his elevation to the bench 
of the Supreme Court. He acted as Temporary Chairman 
of the Republican State Convention in 1895, which nomi- 
nated John W. Griggs for Governor. He was elected to 
Congress in 1894, in the old Fourth District, by a plurality of 
1,407 over Johnston Cornish, although the district was con- 
sidered Democratic. In 1896 he was re-elected by the in- 
creased plurality of 2,977, his own county of Morris giving 
him a plurality of 3,627, despite the fact that his Demo- 
cratic opponent, Augustus W. Cutler, was also a resident 
of that county. In 1898 he was elected to the State Senate 
from Morris county by a plurality of 831. In 1900 he was 
the majority leader on the floor of the Senate, and in 1901 
he served as President of the Senate. He always took an 
active part in legislation both in the National House of 
Representatives and in the State Senate. On February 
5th, 1901, Senator Pitney was nominated by Governor 
Voorhees for Justice of the Supreme Court, to succeed Jus- 
tice Gummere, resigned, to take effect November 16th, 
1901, and the nomination, without reference, was at once 
confirmed by the Senate. Mr. Pitney was sworn into office 
on November 19th, 1901, for a term of seven years. In 
politics he is a Republican. His term will expire in 1908. 
His circuit comprises the counties of Mercer, Warren and 
Hunterdon. Populaton, 167,653. 



Circuit Court Judges. 

(Term of office, seven years. Salary, $7,500.) 

HENRY M. NEVIUS,-Red Bank. 

Judge Nevius was born near Freehold, Monmouth county, 
N. J., January 30th, 1841. He was educated at the Freehold 
Institute, and also at the High School, Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Until the Civil war broke out he studied law in that city, 
when he enlisted as a private in Company K, Lincoln Cav- 
alry, and served until January, 1863. when he was promoted 
for gallantry to the Second Lieutenancy of Company D, 
Seventh Michigan Cavalry. He fought with General 
George A. Custer until the winter of 1864, when he resigned 
his commission to accept a position in a New Jersey regi- 
ment, then forming at Trenton, but it turned out a failure. 
He re-enlisted as a private in Company D, Twenty-fifth 
New York Cavalry. He was soon promoted to the rank 



BIOGRAPHIES. 329 

of Captain for bravery on the f eld. When the war closed 
he returned to New Jersey and resumed the study of law. 
He was admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 
1873, and as a counselor three years later. He was in part- 
nership for four years with ex-Senator John S. Applegate. 
He has held several offices of local importance, and has 
served as Deputy Revenue Collector. In 1S83 he was elected 
Commander of the Grand Army Posts of New Jersey, and 
was re-elected the following year. He was elected to the 
State Senate from Monmouth county in 1887, served a full 
term of three years, and was President of that body in 
1890. He was appointed Judge of the Circuit Court by 
Governor Griggs on March 2d, 1896, and was promptly and 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. In politics he is a 
Republican. His term expires in 1903. 

FRANCIS J. SWAYZE, Newark. 

Judge Swayze was born in Newton, Sussex county, May 
15th, 1861, and is a son of Jacob L. Swayze. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard College in 1879, and afterward studied 
law in the office of Martin Rosenkrans, in Newton. He 
also took a course at Harvard Law School, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey in June, 1882, and was made 
a counselor-at-law three years later. 

The Judge served as Chairman of the Sussex Republican 
County Committee from 1886 to 1889. He was a member of 
the Republican State Committee from 1889 to 1892, and was 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1892. 
In that year he removed to Newark and thereafter confined 
himself to the practice of his profession. He became a 
member of the law firm of Colie & Swayze, later Colie, 
Swayze & Titsworth. On February 13th, 1900. he was nom- 
inated by Governor Voorhees as a Circuit Court Judge to 
succeed Francis Child and he was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate for a term of seven years, which will not 
expire until March 11th, 1907. 

JAMES H. NIXON, Millville. 

Judge Nixon was born in Cumberland county, N, J., in 
1838. He was graduated from Princeton University in 1858, 
and then taught for three years in the Lawrenceville Acad- 
emy, near Princeton. Afterwards he studied law in the 
office of Hon. John T. Nixon, in Bridgeton, was admitted 
to the bar in 1863, at the November Term of the Supreme 
Court, and began practice at MiUville. He was for twenty- 
one years Solicitor of that city, was a member of the 
New Jersey House of Assembly for four years (1865-1869), 



330 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and of the New Jersey Senate for three years (1869-1872), 
ana was Chairman of the Judiciary Committee in each of 
those bodies. In 1876 he was named on the Republican 
Electoral ticket of New Jersey. He was an Assistant At- 
torney-General during the administration of President 
Harrison, and for more than a year and a half under the 
second administration of President Cleveland. He was 
appointed Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals by 
Governor Griggs, on the 2d day of March, 1896, and on 
February 19th. 1900, he was nominated for Circuit Court 
Judge by Governor Voorhees to succeed Richard T. Miller, 
and was at once confirmeu by the Senate. His term will 
not expire until March 11, 1907. 



Iiay Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

(Term of office, six years. Compensation, $20 a day for 
actual service. No mileage.) 

JOHN W. BOGERT. Hohokus. 

Judge Bogert was born in Hohokus, Bergen county, Sep- 
tember 3d, 1839. His ancestors settled in that locality some 
time before the Revolution. He has held several township 
offices, and was Collector of Bergen county for fourteen 
years. He was a member of the House of Assembly from 
the Second District of Bergen county in the sessions of 
1874-75, and he served as State Senator for four years. He 
Is an executor and administrator for several large estates. 
He was appointed by Governor Abbett Judge of the Court 
of Errors and Appeals in 1891, and re-appointed by Gover- 
nor Griggs in 1897. His term will expire ii] 1903. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 

GOTTFRIED KRUEGER, Newark. 

Judge Krueger was born in Baden, Germany, November 
4th, 1837, and came to this country February 13th, 1852, 
when he settled in Newark, where he has resided ever 
since. He is extensively engaged in the brewing business. 
He served as an apprentice with Adams & Laible, Newark, 
and when the firm dissolved, Mr. Laible built a new brew- 
ery for himself, and made Mr. Krueger foreman, a position 
he filled until 1865. He then formed a co-partnership with 
Gottlieb Hill, and they purchased the old brewery in which 
Mr. Krueger had served his time, and also adjoining prop- 
erty. The business rapidly increased, and several addi- 
tions were, from time to time, made to their brewery. In 



BIOGRAPHIES. 331 

1875 Mr. Hill, owing to ill health, was forced to retire from 

business, and Mr. Krueger became the sole proprietor. 

The brewery is now one of the most extensive in the State. 

The Judge served as a member of the Assembly in 1877 and 

1880, In 1872 he served as a member of the Essex County 

Board of Freeholders. In 18S0 he was chosen a Presidential 

Elector, and he, together with the other electors from New 

Jersey, cast their votes for Hancock and English, the 

Presidential nominees of the Democratic party. He was 

appointed Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals in 

1891 by Governor Abbett, to succeed the late Judge John 

McGregor, and in 1897 he was re-appointed by Governor 

Griggs, His term will expire in 1903. In politics he is a 

Democrat. 

FREDERIC ADAMS, Summit. 

Judge Adams was born on October 9th, 1840, at Amherst. 
N. H, He was graduated from Phillips Academy at An- 
dover in 1858, and from Yale College in 18G2. He read law 
at the Harvard Law School in 1863 and '64, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New York city in 1864. He was admitted 
to practice in New Jersey as an attorney in February, 1868, 
and as a counselor in November, 1873. Nearly his entire 
practice has been in the city of Newark, where he has 
been much occupied by his duties as Special and Advisory 
Master in Chancery. The only political offices he ever held 
were as Clerk of East Orange township, Essex county, and 
as counsel for the same township. On March 23d, 1897, he 
was nominated as Judge of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals by Governor Griggs to succeed Judge Barcalow, who 
had been appointed as Judge of the Passaic County Courts. 
He was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on March 
25th, 1897, In politics Judge Adams is a Republican. 

WILLIAM H, VREDENBURGH, Freehold. 

Judge Vredenburgh comes from a very old New Jersey 
family, being the second son of the late Judge Peter Vre- 
denburgh. The first generation of the family on this side 
of the Atlantic, as appears from ancient records, sprang 
from William I. Vredenburg, who came to New Nether- 
lands from The Hague in May, 1658, in the ship Gilded 
Beaver. 

Peter Vredenburg, father of the present Judge, was a 
prominent jurist in both State and nation. He served two 
terms as an Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme 
Court, being first appointed by Governor Price, in 1855, and 
again by Governor Olden in 1862, Many of his decisions are 
regarded as being among the ablest reported. 



332 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Judge Vredenburgh was born August 19th, 1840; was 
graduated at Rutgers College in 1859; studied law in the 
office of the late Governor Joseph D. Bedle; was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in June, 1862, and as a counselor 
in June, 1S65. He is one of three sons, all of whom were 
lawyers. 

After his admission, young Vredenburgh began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Freehold, his native town, and has 
continued to carry on the law business there ever since, 
with the exception of about a year, 1864, when he was 
located at Eatontown, to continue the business of his 
brother, Major Peter Vredenburgh, Jr., who was absent 
in the military service, and who was killed September 19th, 
1864, at the battle of Winchester, Va., at the head of his 
regiment. 

In 1865 Mr. Vredenburgh formed a law partnership with 
Philip J. Ryall, which continued for about five years, until 
Mr. Ryall's failing health compelled his retirement from 
practice. In the exci'.ing general election of 1884, Mr. Vre- 
denburgh was nominated by the Republicans of Monmouth 
county for State Senator, and was only defeated by the re- 
tirement of the regular Democratic candidate a few days 
before the election and the fusion of the Democrats and 
Prohibitionists, and by a very narrow majority. 

In 1897 he was one of the special Commissioners to con- 
sider the question of railroad taxation, whose report be- 
came enacted into the body of the tax laws. 

In November, 1897, he was appointed a Judge of the Court 
of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs, to fill a vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge Dayton. On January 12th, 
1898, he was nominated for a full term ofi six years by Gov- 
ernor Griggs, and he v/as confirmed by the Senate on the 
18th of the same month. In politics the Judge is a Repub- 
lican. 

PETER VAN VOORHEES, Camden. 

Judge Voorhees is of Holland Dutch descent on both 
sides and is connected with one of the oldest and most 
prominent families in New Jersey. He is a lineal descend- 
ant of Steven Coerte Van Voorhees, who emigrated from 
Holland to America in April, 1660. His parents were John 
S. Voorhees and Sarah A. Van Doren, his wife, and he was 
born at Franklin Park, near New Brunswick, N. J., June 
ISth, 1852. After obtaining his preparatory education at 
the grammer school in New Brunswick he entered Rutgers 
College in 1869 and was graduated therefrom in 1873 as A.B., 
receiving the degree of A.M. in course in 1876. He pursued 



BIOGRAPHIES. 333 

his law studies in the office of the late Peter L. Voorhees, 
of Camden, was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an 
attorney in June, 1876, and as counselor in June, 1879, and 
was associated in practice with his preceptor from his 
admission and until the death of P. L. Voorhees in 1895, a 
period of nearly twenty years. 

Judge Voorhees is a director of the Camden Safe Deposit 
and Trust Company, of the First National Bank of Cam- 
den, and of the West Jersey Title and Guarantee Company, 
a manager of the Cooper Hospital, a trustee of the Cooper 
estates, and a vestryman of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
of Camden. He was nominated by Governor Voorhees as 
a Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals for a term of 
six years on March 6th, 1900, and was unanimously con- 
firmed by the Senate. In politics the Judge is a Republican. 



GARRET DORSET WALL VROOM, Trenton. 

Judge Vroom, son of the late Governor Peter Dumont 
Vroom and grandson of United States Senator Garret D. 
Wall, was born in Trenton, December 17th, 1843. After a 
preparatory course at the Trenton Academy, he entered 
Rutgers College, graduating therefrom in the year 1862. 
Among his classmates was Judge Abram Q. Garretson, 
Justice of the Supreme Court. After studying law with 
his father, Mr. Vroom was admitted to the bar as an at- 
torney at the June term, 1865, and three years later he 
was made a counselor. He at once began the practice of 
his profession in Trenton. He was elected City Solicitor 
of Trenton in 1866, and held that office until 1870, and again 
from 1873 to 1876. He was appointed Prosecutor of the 
Pleas of Mercer county in May, 1870, to succeed General 
C. K. Hall, deceased, which office he resigned in December, 
1873, on being appointed Reporter of the Supreme Court, 
a position he has held ever since. From 1881 to 1884 Mr. 
Vroom was Mayor of the city of Trenton, and on the cre- 
ation of the Board of Public Works of that city, was ap- 
pointed a member of that body, and held the office of 
President during its existence. In 1877, in conjunction 
with the late John H. Stewart, he prepared for publication 
the "Revision of the Statutes of New Jersey," under the 
direction of the Commissioners, which publication included 
the statutes revised as well as the entire body of the 
statute laws of the State. In 1887 Mr. Vroom and Coun- 
selor William. M. Lanning issued the supplement to the 
Revision, and in 1894 they were authorized to prepare a 



334 BIOGRAPHIES. 

New Revision in three volumes, entitled "The General 
Statutes of New Jersey." 

Judge Vroom is Vice President of the General Society of 
the Sons of the Revolution and one of those most instru- 
mental in the organization of that body in the State. He 
was a member of the National Commission to promote uni- 
formity of laws throughout the United States. He is a 
member of the New Jersey Historical Society and Presi- 
dent of the Trenton Battle Monument Association, the 
Board of Managers of the New Jersey State Hospital at 
Trenton, and the Trenton Savings Fund Society. 

In 1900 Mr. Vroom was offered a seat on the bench of 
the Supreme Court by Governor Voorhees, which he de- 
clined. When Judge Hendrickson was made a Justice of 
the Supreme Court, a vacancy occurred in the Court of 
Errors and Appeals, which was filled by the nomination 
of Mr. Vroom by Governor Voorhees. The nomination was 
made on February 5th, 1901, for a full term of six years, 
and it was confirmed by the Senate on the 12th of the sam-e 
month. 

The Judge has always been a member of the Democratic 
party, and ever since he has been a voter, until recent 
years, he has been a leader in its councils, and an active 
participator in National, State and local campaigns. 



U. S. OFFICERS FOR NEW JERSEY. 

District Attorney. 

DAVID O. WATKINS. Woodbury. 

Mr. Watkins was born at Woodbury, N. J., June ^ih, 
1S62. He worked on a farm in his neighborhood, studica 
law at night time and was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at the November term of the New Jersey Supreme 
Court, in 1893, and as a counselor at the February Term, 
1S97. He was Mayor of Woodbury for four terms of one 
year each, from 1886 to 1890. He was Councilman from the 
Third Ward of Woodbury from 1892 to 1895, when he was 
re-elected and served until 1S98. He was elected President 
of the City Council in March, 1895, again in 1896, and again 
in 1897. He has served for some time as Solicitor of the 
city of Woodbury, and counsel to the Board of Freeholders 
for Gloucester county. He was elected to the State Assem- 
bly in 1896 by a plurality of 1862, the largest ever given a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 335 

candidate for public office in Gloucester. He was re-elected 
in 1897 and 1898. 

Mr. Watkins served as Speaker of the House of Assembly 
in 1898 and 1899, when he made a record for dignity, upright- 
ness and impartiality which has been seldom equalled in 
the Legislature of New Jersey. At the close of the session 
of 1898 he was presented on behalf of the members with a 
suitable testimonial in recognition of his worth, and the 
phrase, "As fair as Watkins" there and then originated to 
be handed down as an example for future occupants of 
the chair. And at the close of the session of 1899 he was 
paid a similar compliment. On both occasions the Demo- 
cratic minority vied with the Republican majority in be- 
stowing the meed of praise. 

Speaker Watkins became Acting Governor of the State 
on October 18th, 1898. That office had been held by Presi- 
dent of the Senate Voorhees from January 31st, that year, 
and until the date mentioned, when his resignation as Sen- 
ator from Union county was presented and filed, thus cre- 
ating a vacancy also in the higher office, which was at 
once filled by the Speaker of the House, in accordance with 
the requirements of the Constitution of the State. The 
vacancy in the office of Governor in the first place was 
caused by the resignation of John W. Griggs, the then 
incumbent, that he might accept the position of Attorney- 
General of the United States. In his new sphere of duties 
Mr. Watkins gave eminent satisfaction, and he served in 
the office until January 16th, 1899, when Foster M. "Voor- 
hees was sworn in as Governor for a term of three years. 

Mr. Watkins was appointed United States Attorney for 
the District of New Jersey in February, 1900, for a full term 
of four years. His salary is $3,000 a year. 



Clerk U. S. Circuit Court. 
S. DUNCAN OLIPHANT, Trenton. 
General Oliphant was born at Franklin Forge, on the 
Youghiogheny river, Fayette county, Pa., in 1824. He was 
graduated from Jefferson College, Washington county, Pa., 
in September, 1844; from Harvard Law School, Cambridge, 
Mass.. in July, 1847, and was admitted to practice in Fay- 
ette county. Pa., in September of the same year. In the 
fall of 1849 he entered into partnership with the Hon. 
Thomas Williams, of the Pittsburg bar, and practiced law 
there until the spring of 1852, and then, on account of the 
health of his family, removed to Vincentown, and resumed 
and continued in the practice of law there until April, 1861. 



336 BIOGRAPHIES. 

On the 19th of April, 1861, he recruited a volunteer- com- 
pany of one hundred men, entered the military service of 
the United States with the rank of Captain, and was, from 
time to time, promoted to the rank of Major, Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Colonel, and near the close of the war to the 
rank of Brigadier-General by brevet, "for faithful and 
m.eritorious services," and assigned to the command of the 
Second Brigade of the garrison of Washington, and was 
honorably discharged and mustered out of service in Sep- 
tember, 1866. 

In the spring of 1867 he moved from Fayette county. Pa., 
to Princeton, and was admitted to practice law at the bar 
of New Jersey. In September, 1870, he was appointed Clerk 
of the Circuit Court of the United States for the District 
of New Jersey, by the late Hon. William McKennan, which 
position he continues to hold. In the spring of 1874 he 
moved from Princeton to Trenton, where he now resides. 
No fixed salary, but instead, fees. 



Clerk U. S. District Court. 

GEORGE T. CRANMER, Trenton. 

Mr. Cranmer was born at Barnegat, N. J., December 6th, 
1848. He was formerly engaged in the banking and broker- 
age, real estate and insurance business. He has been an 
active member of the State National Guard for a number 
of years, and from 1875 to 1899 was Quartermaster of the 
Seventh Regiment. In 1878 he was the Republican candi- 
date for member of Assembly, but was defeated by Hon. 
Rufus Blodgett, since a United States Senator. In Sep- 
tember, 1879, without his solicitation, he was appointed by 
President Hayes Collector of Customs for the District of 
Little Egg Harbor, N. J., which office he resigned July 1st, 
1880. In 1882 he was again nominated for member of As- 
sembly and elected over William J. Harrison by a majority 
of 477. In 1883 he was unanimously nominated for Senator, 
and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a plur- 
ality of 36. In 1886 he was renominated for Senator, and 
elected over Judge Richard H. Conover by a plurality of 
743. In 1889 he was again unanimously renominated for Sen- 
ator, and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a 
plurality of 272. He always took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings of the Senate, and for many years was Chairman 
of the Senate Republican caucus, and also of the joint 
Republican caucus. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated 



BIOGRAPHIES. 337 

by he Republican caucus for President of the Senate. He 
V. as an alternate Delegate-ai-Large to the National Repub- 
lican Convention at Chicago in 1888, and also to the Minne- 
apolis Convention in 1892. In October, 1891, at a convention 
of the State League of Republican Clubs, he was elected 
an alternaie Delegate-at-Large to ihe National Convention 
of Republican Clubs. He was appointed to his present 
office by the late Judge Green, in January, 1893, to succeed 
Linsly Rowe, who had resigned. No fixed salary, but in- 
stead, fees. 

United States Marshal. 

THOMAS J. ALCOTT, Mount Holly. 

Mr. Alcott was born in Mount Holly, N, J., January 24th, 
1840. In the year 1855 he commenced the study of pharmacy, 
and in 1859 entered Pennington Seminary, where he pursued 
his studies until the beginning of 1863, when he enlisted in 
the Twenty-third Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, and 
served as Quartermaster Sergeant in the Army of the 
Potomac, under Generals Burnside and Hooker. In 1865 he 
became junior partner with his father, Hon. Thomas C. 
Alcott, who was a member of the Legislature in 1869, '70 and 
'71, in the foundry and machine business, under the name 
of T. C. Alcott & Son. Upon the death of his father, in 
1872, Mr. Alcott became sole proprietor of the business. He 
is the patentee and manufacturer of Alcott's improved 
turbine water-wheel, which is so favorably known through- 
out the United States, as well as in European and South 
American countries. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly in 1884, '85 and '86, when he took a prominent 
part in legislation. He was appointed United States Mar- 
shal for New Jersey early in 1897, to succeed George Pfeif- 
fer, whose term had expired. His salary is $3,000 a year. 



STATE OFFICERS. 

Secretary of State. 

SAMUEL D. DICKINSON, Jersey City. 

Colonel Dickinson was born in Philadelphia, November 
5, 1850. He was educated in School No. 1, Jersey City. For 
some time he was employed in the old Union Bank in that 
city and he was also in the real estate business. He was 
enrolled as a private in the Fourth Regiment Rifle Corps, 
22 



338 BIOGRAPHIES. 

April 21, 1868, became corporal of Company E, Fourth 
Regiment, National Guard, April 14, 1869, and then served 
through all the grades to the colonelcy, which he reached 
on April 22, 1885. He resigned the colonelcy on December 6, 
1888. He was selected by the State Military Board as Adju- 
tant of the New Jersey Battalion which attended the cele- 
bration at Torktown in 1881. In 1883 he was an officer of the 
American Rifle Team and went to England in that year to 
compete in the international rifle match. 

The Colonel has always been active in politics and for 
several years has been the recognized Republican leader of 
Hudson county. For a long period he has been in close 
relationship with the state leaders of his party and to an 
eminent degree enjoyed the confidence of the late General 
Sewell. He served as Comptroller of Jersey City for four 
years and until 1899. He was appointed Postmaster of 
Jersey City by President Harrison and served five years, 
one of which was under the Cleveland administration. He 
was City Treasurer of Jersey City for four years under 
an appointment made by Mayor Wanser, Upon leaving the 
Treasurer's office he was made agent for the Hoboken 
division of the United Electric Company, which position he 
held until his appointment as Secretary of State. The 
Colonel was Collector of the Port of Hudson county for 
one year. 

The nomination of Franklin Murphy for Governor was 
brought about largely through the efforts of the Colonel. 
He started the movement in that direction and never tired 
until the State Convention of his party ratified his choice. 
The splendid endorsement given by the people at the polls 
to the selection of Mr. Murphy as a candidate was a de- 
monstration of the wisdom displayed by the Colonel in the 
matter. As a fearless leader and experienced politician 
the Colonel has made an enviable record in that hot-bed of 
Democracy, Hudson county. 

Colonel Dickinson was nominated for Secretary of State 
by Governor Murphy on March 17, 1S92, and he was con- 
firmed by the Senate two days later by an unanimous vote. 
His term of office is five years and begun on April 1, 1892. 
His salary is $6,000 a year. 



Assistant Secretary of State. 

J. B. R. SMITH, Washington. 

Mr. Smith was born at Branchvllle, Sussex county, in 
1869, coming of a line of village merchants of that town, ex- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 339 

tending- back to 1836, When ten years old he began a clerk- 
ship in his father's store, spending his evenings, holidays 
and vacations at that work, and attending the public 
schools during the daytime until he entered Wyoming Sem- 
inary, Kingston, Pa., in 1887. After completing his course 
at that institution he became a partner in the Branchville 
business, which lasted until he purchased the newspaper 
known as the Warren Tidings, at Washington, N. J., 
in 1903, and became its editor. He was appointed 
court clerk in the Secretary of State's office May 
1, 1897, and held that position until he was promoted to his 
present office. He studied law with Oscar Jeffrey and was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney at the June term, 1900. 
On April 8, 1902, he received his commission as Assistant 
Secretary of State. 

For several years Mr. Smith has been prominently iden- 
tified with the New Jersey newspaper profession, and he 
feels very proud of that record. For some years he has 
taken an active part in the politics of Warren county and 
is recognized as one of the leaders there of the Republican 
party. Since his admission to the bar he has enjoyed a 
good practice at corporation law and in the Surrogate's 
Court. 

Mr. Smith's powers and duties as Assistant Secretary of 
State, as defined by statute, are: "He shall, during the 
absence or inability, through sickness or other cause, of 
the Secretary of State, have the same powers and perform 
the same duties which are now imposed by law upon the 
Secretary of State." 



State Treasurer. 
PRANK O. BRIGGS, Trenton. 

Mr. Briggs was appointed State Treasurer by Governor 
Voorhees on January 3, 1902, to fill the vacancy caused by 
the death of George B. Swain, of Newark, which occurred 
on December 25, 1901. The appointment of Mr. Briggs was 
ad interim. On February 11, 1902, he was elected by a joint 
meeting of the Legislature for a full term of three years, 

Mr. Briggs was born in New Hampshire and was a stu- 
dent at Phillip's, Exeter, Academy in 1866, '67 and '68, and 
on September 1, 1868, entered the U. S. Military Academy 
at West Point, graduating with the class of 1872. He served 
in the Second U. S. Infantry as Second Lieutenant until 
1877, when he moved to Trenton and became associated 
With the well known firm of John A. Roeblings' Sons Com- 



340 BIOGRAPHIES. 

pany, wire rope manufacturers, bridge builders, &c., of 
which he is assistant treasurer. He was elected Mayor of 
Trenton on April 11. 1899, by a majority of 816 over Joseph 
A. Corey, Democrat, and served as such until January 1st, 
1902. He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education by Governor Voorhees in 1901 for a term of 
three years. 

During a residence of twenty-six years in Trenton Mr. 
Briggs has taken a deep interest in all matters which 
tended to promote the welfare of the city. As a public- 
spirited citizen he enjoys a high degree of popularity, and 
in politics he has always been a steadfast Republican. 
His term will expire February 11, 19U5. His salary is $6,000 
a year. 



State Comptroller. 
J. WILLARD MORGAN, Camden. 

Mr. Morgan is a son of former Sheriff Randal E. Morgan 
and was born at Blackwood, July 6, 1854. He was educated 
in the Camden and Philadelphia public schools. He stud- 
ied law in the office of Judge Charles P. Stratton, Camden, 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 1877, 
and as a counselor three years later. For a number of 
years he has been a prominent member of the Camden Bar 
Association and has an extensive practice. He has served 
as a United States Commissioner for over twenty years. 

The Comptroler is a well-known Republican leader of 
South Jersey and has always been an active member of his 
party. The first political office he held was as a member 
of the Camden Common Council. For fifteen years he 
served as City Solicitor of Camden. He has been counsel 
for the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad in that city for 
over ten years and is president of the Camden, Gloucester 
and Woodbury Railway Company. 

Mr. Morgan was unanimously nominated for the office 
of State Comptroller in a caucus of his party, having no 
opponent, and in a joint meeting of the Legislature held 
on February 18, 1902, he was elected to that office, receiv- 
ing every Republican vote. He had not sought the office. 
His term will expire on February 20, 1905. His salary is 
$6,000 a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 341 

Attorney- General. 
THOMAS NESBITT McCARTER. 

Mr. McCarter was born in Newark, N. J., October 20, 1S67. 
He was educated at the Newark Academy and Dr. Pin- 
gry's School in Elizabeth. He was graduated at Princeton 
University in 18S8 and studied law at Columbia Law School 
and in his father's (the late Thomas N. McCarter) office 
in Newark. He was a member of the firm of McCarter, 
Williamson & McCarter, from July 1, 1891, to May 1, 1899, 
when he withdrew and began the practice of his profession 
alone. 

From April 1, 1896, to April 1, 1899, he was Judg-e of the 
First District Court of Newark, when he resigned, having 
two years yet to serve. Governor Griggs appointed him 
to the judgeship. During the time he was on the bench he 
wrote and published "McCarter's New Jeersy District 
Court Practice," which is the recognized book of practice 
for District Courts in use throughout the state. 

On September 1, 1900, he formed the firm of McCarter & 
Adams, consisting of himself and Edwin G. Adams. On 
January 1, 1902, he dissolved his partnership with Mr. 
Adams and withdrew from the general practice of law 
to accept the position of general counsel of the Fidelity 
Trust Company of Newark, one of the largest financial 
corporations in the state, of which company Mr. McCarter 
had long been solicitor, and the legal business of which 
company, with its ramifications, had grown to such an 
extent as to require constant attention. 

In 1899 he was elected to the State Senate from Essex 
county after a most exciting campaign, by a plurality of 
5,040 over Samuel Kalisch, one of the strongest and most 
aggressive Democrats in that county. During his term in 
the Senate he served as Chairman of several of the mosi 
important of the committees of that body, and in 1902 he 
was the leader of the majority upon the floor of the Sen- 
ate. 

He was especially active during the Gubernatorial cam- 
paign of 1901 in his advocacy of the nomination and elec- 
tion of Franklin Murphy for Governor. He made thp 
speech before the State Convention placing Mr. Murphy 
in nomination and served throughout the campaign at Mr. 
Murphy's personal request as Chairman of the Executive 
Committee of the Republican State Committee, in which 
capacity, owing- to Mr. Murphy's absence campaigning 
through the state, he was in practical charge of the Re- 
publican campaign. 



842 BIOGRAPHIES. 

During the memorable United States Senatorial contest 
of 1902 Mr. McCarter was in complete control of the cam- 
paign of Mr. Drj'den for that office, which ended so suc- 
cessfully. On March 17, 1902, he was nominated by Gover- 
nor Murphy and immediately confirmed as Attorney-Gen- 
eral of the State for a term of five years, to succeed the 
Hon. Samuel H. Grey, of Camden. His term will expire 
April 5, 1907, and his salary is $7,000 a year. 



Major-General. 
PETER FARMER WANSER, Jersey City. 

General Wanser was born in Middlesex county, N. J., 
January 24, 1849. He was formerly in the produce business 
with his father in New York and is now engaged in the real 
estate business, being a member of the firm of Love & 
Wanser, of Jersey City. He was an Assemblyman from 
Hudson county in 1883. He was appointed Police Justice 
of Jersey Citj^ by joint session of the Legislature in 1885 
and was re-appointed in 1888 for terms of three years each. 
He served as Mayor of Jersey City for five years from 
1892 to 1897, having been elected to that office by a large 
majority over Allan L. McDermott, the Democratic can- 
didate. He was one of the few Republican Mayors that 
city has ever had. He is at present the Postmaster of 
Jersey City, having been appointed to that office by the 
late President McKinley. At one time he was a Custom 
House Inspector. 

The General has been a member of the National Guard 
of New Jersey for over thirty years. On June 1, 1870, he 
was enrolled as a private of Company E, Fourth Regi- 
ment, and was promoted through the various grades until 
he became Colonel on February 20, 1889. He was appointed 
Brigadier General of the First Brigade, August 2, 1892. 
Governor Murphy nominated him as Major General of 
Division, January 27, 1902, and he was confirmed by an 
unanim.ous vote of the Senate the following day. The Gen- 
eral is the successor of General Sewell, who died on De- 
cember 27, 1901. 



Adjutant-General- 

R. HEBER BREINTNALL, Newark. 

General Breintnall was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Aug- 
ust 18, 1843. In 1847 his family moved to Newark, N. J., 



BIOGRAPHIES. 843 

where he has resided ever since. He was educated in the 
Newark Academy. He is a Tax Commissioner of the city 
of Newark, having- filled that office for twelve years, and 
is now in his third term of service, five years to a term. 
The General is a member of Phil Kearny Post, No. 1, G. A. 
R., Department of New Jersey, and of the New York Com- 
mandery of the Loyal Leg-ion, and also of the Society of 
the Army of the Potomac. 

The General has a remarkable military record. He was 
appointed corporal. Company D, New Jersey Volunteer 
Militia, Pennsylvania Emergency, in the War of the Re- 
bellion, on June 23, 1863, and was discharged August 1 of 
the same year at the expiration of his term of service. 
On September 30, 1864, he became a private in Company K, 
Thirty-ninth Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers; was ap- 
pointed regimental quartermaster-sergeant, October 11, 
1864, and was discharg-ed June 17, 1865, at the close of the 
war. 

Returning to Newark he enlisted in the First Veteran 
Regiment, Newark Brigade, February 12, 1867, and re- 
ceived a warrant as commissary sergeant. He served in 
that capacity until August 10, 1881, when he was commis- 
sioned as Captain and Inspector of Rifle Practice of the 
First Regiment, National Guard. He held that position 
until January 6, 1886, when he was elected Major. He was 
commissioned as Lieutenant-Colonel June 17, 1893, and as 
Colonel May 28, 1902. He was commissioned as Brigadier 
General and Adjutant General, September 30, 1902, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of General Alexander C. Oli- 
phant. 

He was commissioned as Lieutenant-Colonel, First Regi- 
ment, infantry. New Jersey National Guard Volunteers, 
Spanish-American war, April 27, 1898, and was discharged 
November 4 of the same year. 

When the Newark regiment went to Camp Alger in 1898 
General Breintnall was second in command, and as the 
command of the First Brigade, First Division, Second 
Army Corps, devolved on General Campbell, as the senior 
Colonel of the brigade, the care and conduct of the regi- 
ment was left to the Lieutenant-Colonel. His soldierly 
qualifications and the watchful care which he exercised 
over the men of the regiment won for him the commenda- 
tion not only of General Campbell, but also of the division 
and corps comm_anders. 

The General is an expert rifleman. The records of the 
office of the Inspector-General of Rifle Practice show that 
he has qualified twenty times at Sea Girt as a marksman 



344 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and ten times as a sharpshooter. During the rifle practice 
in 1902 he qualified as an expert, a distinction that com- 
paratively few members of the Guard have attained. His 
salary is ?2,500 a year. 



Quartermaster-General. 
RICHARD GRANT AUGUSTUS DONNELLY, Trenton. 

General Donnelly was born at Richmond, Staten Island, 
in the year 1841, of an Irish father and an American mother 
of Scotch descent. He was educated in the district school 
of Richmond, and at a select boarding school near Belle- 
ville, Essex county, N. J. In 1854 he removed to Hoboken, 
N. J., and entered the law ofl^ce of Hon. J. Dunn Littell, 
remaining there until the decease of his instructor, which 
occurred in 1857. He then entered into mercantile pursuits 
as a clerk. He began his military career in February, 1860, 
as a private in Company B, First Regiment, Hudson Bri- 
gade. At the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion he 
enlisted as a private in Company I, First New Jersey Vol- 
unteers, attached to Kearny's Brigade, Army of the Poto- 
mac, and was advanced to the grades of Corporal and 
Sergeant respectively, passing a creditable examination for 
promotion just previous to the battle of Gaines' Mills. At 
this engagement he was twice woimded, slightly in the left 
arm during the early part and severely during the latter 
part of the fight. Left on the field of battle, he was taken 
prisoner and confined in Libby Prison until exchanged. 
He was discharged from the United States service at 
McKim's Mansion Hospital, Baltimore, Md., by reason of 
physical disability caused by gunshot wounds received in 
battle. He returned home, and, after a period of four 
months, was capable of resuming his position in New York 
city as a salesman. 

In the year 1867 he removed to Trenton and embarked in 
the hosiery and furnishing goods business, which he still 
carries on. General Donnelly re-entered the military ser- 
vice of New Jersey March 18th, 1879, as Paymaster of the 
Seventh Regiment, National Guard. He wa^ promoted 
Major, January 20th, 1881; Lieutenant-Colonel, May 31st, 
1882, and Colonel, September 7th, 1882. He was appointed 
Quartermaster-General by Governor Green, January 13th, 
1890, which appointment was sent to the Senate by Gover- 
nor Abbett and unanimously confirmed by that body March 
5th, 1890. 

General Donnelly was Major of the provisional battalion 
which distinguished itself at Yorktown at thQ centennial 



BIOGRAPHIES. 345 

celebration in 1881, and was proffered by Governor Green 
the command of the veteran camp at Gettysburg, during 
the ceremonies of the unveiling of the monuments, in 1888, 
to the New Jersey heroes of the battle of Gettysburg, 
which he was obliged to decline in consequence of other 
engagements. He was Chairman of the Board of Commis- 
sioners to select grounds and erect buildings for the new 
Soldiers' Home at Kearny, which was completed some 
years ago. He was appointed a Trustee of the New Jersey 
State Reform School at Jamesburg, by Governor Abbett, in 
1885. He was re-appointed by the joint meeting of the 
Legislature in 1888. He is one of the Managers of the 
Home for Disabled Soldiers; is interested in several stock 
companies and land associations as a director, and is a 
member of many beneficial and social socio.ties. He is a 
Past Commander of Aaron Wilkes Post, No. 23. In 1892 he 
was chosen Commander of the G. A. R., Department of 
New Jersey. He was twice elected to the House of Assem- 
bly, and has served two terms as Mayor of the city of 
Trenton. He served as Treasurer of the Democratic State 
Committee from September, 1895, until October, 1901. On 
February 15th, 1899, he was nominated by Governor Voor- 
hees for appointment as Major-General by brevet for his 
long and meritorious services as Quartermaster-General, 
and on February 28th, the nomination was unanimously 
confirmed by the Senate. 

The ofRce of Quartermaster-General carries with it the 
responsible positions of Commissary-General, Paymaster- 
General and Chief of Ordnance. Salary, $2,500. 



Clerk of the Supreme Court. 
WILLIAM RIKER. JR., Orange. 

Mr. Riker was born in Newark, N. J., January 14th, 1850. 
His father, William Riker, Sr., was for many years a suc- 
cessful manufacturing jeweler, and retiring from active 
business was succeeded by two of his sons, one of whom 
is the subject of this sketch. Mr. Riker completed his 
education in the Newark Academy, and thereupon engaged 
HI the jewelry business with his father, afterwards becom- 
ing a partner, and later one of his successors, and is still 
engaged in that business. 

He was chosen as a delegate to the National Republican 
Conventions of 1884 and 1896; elected Alderman of the city 
of Orange in 1893 and Register of Deeds and Mortgages for 
Essex county in the same year. Tbe latter office he re- 



346 BIOGRAPHIES. 

signed before the completion of his term in order to accept 
the appointment by Governor Griggs as Clerk of the 
Supreme Court. He was re-appointed by Governor Mur- 
phy in 1902. 

He has served as member and Treasurer of the Essex 
County Republican Committee for a number of years. He 
was chosen Treasurer of the Republican State Committee 
in 1898. His salary is $6,000 a year, and his term of office, 
which is for five years, will expire on November 2, 1907. 



Clerk in Chancery. 
EDWARD CASPER STOKES, Trenton. 

Mr. Stokes was born in Philadelphia, Pa., December 
22d, 1S60, and is President of the Mechanics National Bank 
of Trenton. He was educated in the public schools in Mill- 
ville and at Brown University, Providence, R. I. He was 
elected City Superintendent of Public Schools in Millville in 
1889, ?. position he held until 1898. He served as a member of 
Assembly from the Second district of Cumberland county 
in 1891 and 1892. In the latter year, when he was only two 
years over the required age, he was elected Senator from 
Cumberland county; he was re-elected in 1895, and again 
in 1898, thus receiving a third term of office, an honor which 
never before had been conferred on a Senator from that 
county. In 1895 he served as President of the Senate, when 
he discharged the duties of that office with rare tact, 
ability and impartiality. During his eleven years' service 
as a legislator he made a brilliant record. He took a lead- 
ing part in all matters of importance, and as a debater he 
displayed much talent and ability. He was very active 
in bringing about the nomination of Foster M. Voorhees 
for Governor, and in the campaign which followed ren- 
dered effective service for the election of his friend and 
associate. In 1900 he was chosen Vice-Chairman of the 
Republican State Committee, and in the campaign of the 
year following he took a prominent part in furthering the 
election of Franklin Murphy as Governor of New Jersey. 
In 1902 he came within four votes of the nomination for 
United States Senator to succeed the late General Sewell 
in a joint caucus held by the Republican Senators and 
Assemblymen on January 23. Nineteen ballots were taken, 
when the contest was ended with the result as follows: 
Dryden, 32; Stokes, 29; Griggs, 2. Besides Mr. Dryden and 
Mr. Stokes, the candidates voted for were former Governor 



BIOGRAPHIES. 347 

and U. S. Attorney General John W. Griggs, Congressman 
John J. Gardner, State Assessor David Baird, and Barker 
Gummere, Clerk of Mercer county. 

"Very few men who have entered upon legislative serv- 
ice in New Jersey have met wit as much success as 
Mr. Stokes. In the brief period of ten years, by sheer force 
of character, he carved his way to the front rank of 
leadership in his party. 

Mr. Stokes was nominated for the office of Clerk in Chan- 
cery by Governor Voorhees on March 22, 1901, and the nomi- 
nation was at once confirmed by a unanimous vote of the 
Senate. His term of office is for five years, which will not 
expire until March 30, 1906, and his salary is $6,000 a year. 



Superinten'dent of Public Instruction. 

CHARLES J. BAXTER, Plainfield. 

Mr. Baxter was born at Glenwood, Sussex county, N. J., 
on November 8th, 1841. He attended the district school 
there until he was twelve years of age, after which he 
went to work on his father's farm, continuing his studies 
by himself and with the help of an uncle who had gradu- 
ated from Lafayette College and then lived on the next 
farm. On his eighteenth birthday he rtf>''ted his educa- 
tional work as a teacher in the district scTiool at Frankfc"^ 
Plains, N. J. After twelve years of teaching in several 
district schools, Mr. Baxter was appointed Principal of 
the Franklin Furnace District School. He gradually im- 
proved the condition of the school until it was converted 
into a High School, remaining in that position for thirteen 
years. After leaving Franklin Furnace, about eleven years 
ago, he moved to Plainfield, where he became connected 
with the Provident Life and Trust Company, of Philadel- 
phia. 

In 1875 Mr. Baxter was nominated and renominated as 
County School Superintendent of Sussex county by the 
State Board of Education, but was rejected by the Demo- 
cratic Board of Freeholders because of his party affilia- 
tions. This started the agitation which resulted in that 
power being taken from the Board of Freeholders and 
given to the Board of Education. He was appointed to his 
present position by Governor Griggs on March 24th, 1896, as 
a successor to Addison B. Poland, who had resigned. Two 
days later Mr. Baxter was confirmed by the Senate for a 
full term of three years. In 1899 he was re-appointed for 



348 BIOGRAPHIES. 

another term of three years, and in 1902 for a new term of 
five years. His salary is $5,000 a year. 



Keeper of the State Prison. 
GEORGE O. OSBORNE, Trenton. 

Mr. Osborne was born at Elmira, New York, June 2-i, 
1845. His great-great grandfather on his father's side came 
to this country from England about 1780 and located at 
New Fishkill, New York, where his grandfather, Jonali 
Osborne, was born in 1791, who served in the war of 1812 
and was wounded in the battle on Lake Ontario. At the 
close of the war he located near Elmira, N. Y., where Mr. 
Osborne's father was born in 1821. 

On his mother's side he is descended from Ezra Earll 
and his wife, Mary Sabin, one of the oldest families in 
New York State. The pioneers of the Earll family came 
to this country from England in 1639 and located on the 
ground where the city of Boston is now situated. The 
Earll family are the present owners of Cromwell's Lake, 
New York, which has been in their possession since 1762. 

When three years of age the subject of this sketch 
moved with his father,. Tra Osborne, now living at Athens, 
Pa., to Vanettenville, Chemong county, N. Y., where he 
was educated. Mr. Osborne, Sr., enlisted in the Union 
Army when his son was about 17 years of age. After his 
father had gone to the war Mr. Osborne ran away from 
home and enlisted twice, first in the Twelfth and after- 
wards in the One Hundred and Forty-first New York 
State Volunteers, but both times at the strong solicitation 
of his mother and through influence of friends, owing to 
his youth, he was discharged from the service and re- 
turned to his home, and then sent by his mother to a 
friend of the family, P. J. Powless, who had charge of the 
county institutions at Snake Hill, Hudson county, N. J. 
At this place he was employed as assistant to the super- 
intendent from January, 1863, to November, 1865, at which 
date he was appointed Warden of the Hudson County 
Almshouse, to which position he was re-elected for ten con- 
secutive years. I^pon retiring from that office he engaged 
in the livery business in Jersey City, which he conducted 
from 1876 to 1880. Next he accepted the position of clerk at 
the Barge Oflice in New York city, which position he held 
until April 22, 1SS2, when he was elected Warden oi^ the 
City Hospital of Jersey City, a position he held until 1902, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 349 

when he resigned to enter upon his duties as Keeper of 
the New Jersey State Prison, to which office he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Franklin Murphy. 

Mr. Osborne was the first vice-president of the Columbia 
Building and Loan Association of Jersey City, and he is 
now serving his twelfth term as president of that corpora- 
tion. For a number of years he has served as trustee of 
the Emory Methodist Episcopal Church of Jersey City; 
he is a member of the Highland Lodge of Masons. Hugh 
Depayne Commandery, of Jersey City; Mecca Temple of 
the Shrine; Union League Club of Jersey City; also the 
Bergen Republican Club. 

He was nominated by Governor Murphy to the office of 
Keeper of the State Prison on March 5, 1902, to succeed 
Samuel S. Moore, and the nomination was confirmed by 
the Senate six days later. He entered upon his duties as 
State Prison Keeper March 18, 1902. The term is for five 
years and will expire March 18, 1907, and his salary is $3,500 
a year. 



State Prison Supervisor. 
EDWARD J. ANDERSON. Somerville. 

Major Anderson, who was born at Flemington, Hunter- 
don county, N. J., December 15th, 1830, is of pre-Revolution- 
ary stock. His great-grandfather, on his father's side, Tvas 
a native of the Colonies, and held an oflflce In the British- 
service prior to the Revolution, but jointed the patriot 
cause on the breaking out of hostilities and fought through 
the war on the side of liberty. On his mother's side the 
Major's earliest ancestor in this country was Samuel 
Fleming, who, in 1756, founded and gave his name to Flem- 
ington, the county seat of Hunterdon county, and whose 
daiighter Esther married Colonel Thomas Lowrey, who 
commanded a regiment of the New Jersey contingent 
troops during the Revolutionary war, subsequently held 
many important public trusts in this State, and in 1790 
was designated by the Legislature as a member of the 
Commission which selected the site upon which the present 
State Capitol stands. His son, William Lowrey, was also 
an officer of the New Jersey troops during the Revolution- 
ary war, and his daughter was the grandmother of the 
subject of this present sketch. 

After receiving a common school education, the Major 
engaged in mercantile pursuits in Philadelphia, Pa., until 
the breaking out of the Civil war, when he returned to 



350 BIOGRAPHIES. 

New Jersey and was appointed principal assistant in the 
Adjutant-General's Department of the State, which posi- 
tion he held until the close of the war, when he resigned 
and engaged in business in New York city, retaining, how- 
ever, his residence in New Jersey. In 1871 he was appointed 
first assistant in the office of the State Comptroller, which 
he held until 1880. In that year he was elected Comptroller 
by the Legislature, and held the oflSce until 1891, when he 
was succeeded by General Heppenheimer, Democrat. He. 
was appointed Fish Commissioner in 1878, and held that 
office until 1883. The Major is an active and ardent Repub- 
lican. For thirteen years he was a member of the Mercer 
County Republican Committee, and has been for twenty- 
two years a member of the Republican State Committee, 
and for several years served as Vice-Chairman of the latter 
body. He was nominated by Governor Werts for Prison 
Supervisor in 1894, to succeed James M. Seymour, a Demo- 
crat, and was confirmed by the Senate for a term of three 
years. In 1897 he was renominated by Governor Griggs and 
was confirmed for another full term. In 1900 he was again 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for another term and 
was confirmed by the Senate. His term expires June llti 
1903, and his salary is $3,000 a year. 



State Librarian. 

HENRY C. BUCHANAN, Trenton. 

Mr. Buchanan was born in Falls township, Pa., within a 
few miles of Trenton, March 7th, 1851. His father was 
"William Buchanan, who came to this country from Scot- 
land in 1842, when a young man. The State Librarian 
attended the public schools in his native place until he was 
about eleven years of age, when he entered the Trenton 
Academy. When thirteen years old he become employed 
in the State Gazette establishment as office boy. He left 
this place shortly afterward and took a similar position 
in the job printing office of Murphy & Bechtel, where the 
Monitor, a daily paper owned by Joseph C. Potts, was then 
being printed. When the Monitor owners fitted up their 
own printing office young Buchanan went with them and 
remained until the Monitor was bought by the then owners 
of the Gazette. This brought him back to the Gazette 
office, where he remained until 1868, when he went to New 
York. During the next year, being anxious to see some- 
thing of the country, he worked at his trade in New York, 
Harrisburg and Cincinnati, but in 1869 he came back to 



BIOGRAPHIES. 351 

Trenton and went to work again on the Gazette. After 
four years there he went to Hartford, where he worked 
the next four years, coming back to Trenton and accepting 
a position as foreman and proofreader for MacCrellish & 
Quigley, with both of whom he had worked at the case 
when learning his trade as a printer. Remaining with 
MacCrellish «& Quigley until January 1st, 1882, Mr. Buchan- 
an next went back once more to the Gazette, then owned 
by Mr. Murphy alone, and remained continuously there 
until his appointment as State Librarian. When he went 
to the Gazette office in 1882 it was as proofreader, but soon 
afterward he was made news editor, and subsequently city 
editor as well. 

Besides being city and news editor on the Gazette, Mr. 
Buchanan, for sixteen years, was the Trenton corre- 
spondent of the Paterson Press, and for five years he acted 
in a like capacity for the New York Sun. He was for 
several years also the Trenton correspondent of the Phila- 
delphia Inquirer. On February 1st, 1899, he received his 
commission as State Librarian as successor to Morris R. 
Hamilton, for a term of five years, at a salary of $2,000 a 
year. 



State of Board of Assessors. 
JOHN C. RANKIN, Jr., President, Elizabeth. 

Mr. Rankin was born at Simla, Hmdoostan, July 15, 1847. 
He was for two and a half years a member of the Class 
of 1867 of Princeton College, and in" September, 1867, com- 
menced his business career in New York city, in the sta- 
tionery and printing establishment of Wm. H. Arthur, 
corner Liberty and Nassau streets. Later he was asso- 
ciated with E. Wells Sackett in the same business, and in 
January, 1881, was admitted to the firm, the co-partner- 
ship being known as E. Wells Sackett & Rankin. Subse- 
quently Mr. Rankin purchased the interest of Mr. Sackett, 
and in January, 1891, reorganized the business under the 
corporation laws of the State of New Jersey, the corpora- 
tion being known as the John C. Rankin Co., located at 34 
Cortlandt street, New York city. 

Mr. Rankin has been a resident of Elizabeth since 1869, 
during which time he was for six years a member of the 
Board of Education (three years its President); for seven 
years a member of City Council (four years its President), 
and for eight and a half years from January 1st, 1890, 
Mayor of the city, having been four times elected to that 



352 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ofRce. He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Assessors by Governor Voorhees in January, 1901. His 
term will expire January 2yth, 1905. In 1902 he was chosen 
President of the Board. 

ROBERT STOCKTON GREEN, Elizabeth. 

Mr. Green was born in Elizabeth, N. J., on the 16th day 
of October, 1865. He was graduated from the College of 
New Jersey in June, 1886, and in January of 1887 he was 
appointed Private Secretary to the Governor of New Jer- 
sey, which ofRce he held until 1890. He was admitted to 
the bar of this State in June, 1891, and to the bar of the 
State of New York in October, 1892, from which time until 
the first of December, 1896, he was connected with the 
well-known law firm of Seward, Guthrie, Morawitz & 
Steele, of New York city. He was appointed a member of 
the State Board of Assessors by Governor Griggs, in April, 
1896, for a full term of four years, and in 1900 he was re- 
appointed by Governor Voorhees for another full term. 
On the first day of December, 1896, he formed with Albert 
C. Wall a copartnership for the general practice of the 
law, under the firm name of Wall & Green, with offices 
in the Fuller Building, No. 1 Montgomery street, Jersey 
City. His term will expire in April, 1904. 

STEPHEN J. MEEKER, Newark. 

Mr. Meeker was born in Newark, N. J., March 17th, 1843, 
where he has always lived. He received a common school 
education, and after a year's service in the counting-room 
of a large hardware house in New York city, William 
Bryce & Co., he learned the foundry business with his 
father, David M. Meeker joining him in partnership in 1873, 
and upon his father's death succeeded to the business. 

He comes of a strong Democratic family. He never held 
public office until appointed a Commissioner to the World's 
Fair, at Chicago, by Governor Abbett, March 31st, 1891. 
He was one of the Temporary Essex County Park Com- 
missioners, selected by Judge Depue, and was re-appointed 
by him on the present Commission. Governor Griggs ap- 
pointed him on the State Board of Assessors, to succeed 
Colonel A. R. Kuser, and he was confirmed by the Senate 
on March 3d, 1896, for a full term of four years. In 1900 he 
was appointed for another full term by Governor Voorhees. 
His term will expire in March, 1904. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 353 

DAVID BAIRD, Camden. 

Mr. Baird was born in Ireland, April 7th, 1839. When a 
lad he came to the United States, and in 1859 located in the 
city of Camden, which since has been his place of resi- 
dence. Mr. Baird is pre-eminently a self-made man. Com- 
mencing life in this country in a very humble way, he is 
to-day, and has been for some years, one of the foremost 
business men of his section of New Jersey, being- extens- 
ively engaged in the business of handling spars, timber, 
piling, etc., in the city of Camden as well as being largely 
interested in lumber operations in other parts of the 
country. 

For the past thirty years Mr. Baird has been so closely 
identified with the politics of Camden city and county that * 
the history of one would almost seem to be the history of 
the other. In 1874 he was elected a member of the Board 
of Chosen Freeholders, and was re-elected for and served 
four consecutive terms, during which period he was a 
member of some of the most important committees. In 
the fall of 1887 he was nominated and elected Sheriff of 
Camden county, at a time when, through existing condi- 
tions, nothing but the personal popularity of David Baird 
secured to the county a Republican Sheriff. And again 
he was elected to the same office in 189fi, by the largest 
majority ever given any candidate for any office in the 
county. He was a delegate from New Jersey to the Re- 
publican National Convention of 1892, held at Minneapolis. 
He was chosen a Presidential Elector in 1900, when he cast 
his vote for McKinley and Roosevelt. For a number of 
years he has represented Camden county on the Republi- 
can State Committee and as a member of the Executive 
Committee of that body. 

He was appointed a member of the State Board of As- 
sessors by Governor Werts in 1895, for a term of four years, 
and served as such for one year and six months, when 
he resigned the office to become Sheriff of Camden county. 
In 1901 he was again appointed a member of the same 
State Board, by Governor Voorhees, for a term of four 
years, beginning in May of that year. 

IRVINE E. MAGUIRE, Secretary, Palmyra. 

Mr. Maguire was born in Camden, N. J., on January 22d, 

1853, in which city he lived continuously until 1886, when he 

removed to his present residence at Palmyra, Burlington 

county. He received his education in the public schools 

23 



354 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of Camden and Philadelphia, and in 1868, at the age of fif- 
teen years, entered the counting-room of Alexander G. 
Cattell & Co., ihen the largest grain exporting house in 
the city of Philadelphia, and of which firm the late ex- 
United States Senator Alexander G. Cattell was the senior 
member. Mr. Maguire remained in the service of the 
Messrs. Cattell until the year 1884, rising from the position 
of office boy to that of cashier and chief bookkeeper. In 
the latter year, shortly after the organization of the State 
Board of Assessors, he was appointed Assistant Secretary 
of that Board, and placed in charge particularly of the 
figures and accounting of the department. He was elected 
Secretary of the Board June 18th, 1895. 



State Board of Taxation. 

CHARLES C. BLACK, Jersey City. 

Mr. Black was born on a farm in Burlington county, near 
Mount Holly, N. J., on July 29th, 1858. He was prepared 
for college at the Mount Holly Academy, and entered 
Princeton College in 1874, being graduated with the class 
of '78. He studied law with Colonel James N. Stratton, of 
Mount Holly; Messrs. Coult & Howell, of Newark, and at 
the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, He was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey as an attornej^ in June, 1881, 
and as a counselor in June, 1884. After being admitted to 
the bar he located at Jersey City, and has practiced law 
there ever since. For twelve years he has been a member 
of the law firm of Randolph, Condict & Black. 

He served for five years as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Registration under the Ballot Reform 
Law, and was appointed as a member of the State Board 
of Taxation on March 21st, 1891, for a term of five years, 
was re-appointed for another term in 1896, and again in 
1901. Mr. Black has made two valuable additions to the 
literature of the law in his "Proof and Pleadings in Acci- 
dent Cases" and "New Jersey Law of Taxation." His 
term will expire in 1906. 

HENRY J. WEST, President, Gloucester City. 

Mr. West was born in Rhode Island in 1850, and is the 
eldest son of Henry J. West, for over thirty years the 
manager of the Washington Cotton Mills, at Gloucester 
City. He attended the public schools at Gloucester City, 
Professor Gregory's Classical and English School in Phila- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 35B 

delphia, and subsequently took a course in civil engineering 
at the Philadelphia Polytechnic College, leaving that insti- 
tution to engage in the practical work of the mills. He 
served a regular apprenticeship in the machine shops and 
other departments of the works, after which he was made 
assistant in the management of the concern, retiring from 
that position in June, 1885. He was appointed Under-SherifE 
by Sheriff Baird, in November, 1887, and was elected Sheriff 
of Camden county in 1890. He was nominated by Governor 
Werts as a member of the State Board of Taxation, which 
nomination was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on 
May 18th, 1894, for a term of five years. He was re- 
appointed in 1899 and his term will expire in May, 1904. 

CARL LENTZ, Newark. 

Major Lentz was born at Bamberg, Bavaria, July 1st, 
1845, and came to the United States at an early age. When 
only sixteen he enlisted in the First Connecticut Cavalry 
Volunteers, First Brigade, Third Division, Cavalry Corps. 
From private he became a non-commissioned officer, and 
after the battle of the Wilderness he was promoted, in 
May, 1864, to a lieutenancy. In one of the cavalry fights, 
which took place July 12th, 1864, in the vicinity of Wash- 
ington, D. C, during the invasion of Early, he lost his 
right arm, and thus disabled he was mustered out of service 
December 24th, 1864. As soon as he had sufficiently recov- 
ered from the effects of his wounds he entered Columbia 
University, Washington, D. C, and was graduated there- 
from in 1869. Subsequently he became a student in the law 
department of the same university, and in 1873 received the 
degree of LL. B. In November of the latter year he was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey, and soon afterward 
settled in Newark, where he began the practice of his pro- 
fession. He has always been an active Republican, and 
he has served as Chairman of the Essex County Republican 
Committee for several years. He was appointed a member 
of the State Board of Taxation by Governor Griggs, for a 
full term of five years, on February 18th, 1896, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate on March 3d following. He was re- 
appointed by Governor Voorhees in 1901. His term will 
expire in March, 1906. 

JOSEPH THOMPSON, Atlantic City. 

Mr. Thompson was born at May's Landing, N. J., Sep- 
tember 21st, 1853, and is a son of William W. and Hester 
T. Pennington Thompson. He was admitted to the bar 
of this State in June, 1878, and located in Atlantic City in 



3o6 BIOGRAPHIES. 

June, 18S0. He was Collector of Atlantic county from May, 
1881, to May, 1S83; Prosecutor of the county for ten years, 
fiom March, 1881, to March, 1891, and from April. 1S92, to 
April, 1898, was Law Judge of the couny of Atlantic. On 
March 9th, 189S, he was elected Mayor of Atlantic City. On 
January 25th, 1898, he was nominated by Governor Griggs 
as a Manager of the State Hospital at Trenton, to fill n 
vacancy caused by the death of Dr. Joseph F. Edwards, 
and he was confirmed on the 31st of the same month. 
He resigned that office in 1902. In July, 1898 he was ap- 
pointed a member of the State Board of Taxation, to fill 
a vacancy, and in 1899 he was nominated and confirmed 
for a full term of five years. In 1882 he was elected Solic- 
itor of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Atlantic 
county, and has been re-elected every year since that date. 
He was one of the organizers of the Second* National Bank 
and the Atlantic Safe Deposit and Trust Company, and 
has been a Director and Solicitor of both institutions since 
their organization. He has been Solicitor for the Atlantic 
City Railroad for the past thirteen years. His term will 
expire, in 1904. 

THOMAS B. USHER, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Usher was born at Bonnsville, in the northern part 
of Hudson county. N. J., on the 30th of March, 1861, in 
which locality he still resides. He comes of sturdy Scotch 
ancestry. He received a common school education, supple- 
mented by a business course at Cooper Union, New York 
city. He vras a member of the House of Assembly for two 
terms, 1S90 and 1891, and has been the Secretary of the 
State Board of Taxation since its inception. 



Commissioner of Bankinor and Insurance. 

WILLIAM BETTLE, Oaklyn, Camden County. 

Mr. Bettle is of an old Quaker family, and was born in 
Philadelphia in 1830, where he resided until he was sixteen, 
when he removed to New Jersej'. For four years he lived 
near Yardville, Mercer county, obtaining a practical 
knowledge of farming, when he purchased a farm in Had- 
don township, Camden county, about four miles from the 
city of Camden, which has been his home ever since. He 
has always been much interested in the management of 
his large farm, which is considered one of the best in South 
Jersey, and is somewhat noted for the good crops raised. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 357 

and for the neatness and care with which everything is 
kept. Mr. Bettle has taken an active interest in political 
affairs since early manhood, but has always refused to be 
a candidate for office, although repeatedly solicited to do 
so. He had never held any office until appointed by Gover- 
nor Griggs to his present position in April, 1897. He was 
re-appointed by Governor Voorhees in 1900. He has been a 
Member-at-Large of the Republican State Committee for 
a number of years and his advice and judgment are much 
valued by his colleagues. Mr. Bettle is an active Director 
in most of the railroads in South Jersey in the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad system, and is interested in many business 
enterprises. His term of office is three years, and will ex- 
pire in 1903, and salary $4,000 a year. 



Chief of the Bureau of Labor and Statistics. 

WILLIAM STAINSBY, Newark. 

Mr. Stainsby was born in England, July 3d, 1829, and 
came to this country when but two years of age. He 
learned the trade of a hatter, which he followed for some 
time, and subsequently he spent fifteen years in the sad- 
dlery and hardware business. For a number of j'ears he 
was engaged in the wholesale and retail business of oils 
and paints in the city of Newark. He served as a member 
of the Board of Aldermen of that city from January 1st, 
1866, to January 1st, 1879, and again from 1890 to 1894, making 
a total of sixteen years' and four months' service alto- 
gether. He was President of that body in 1876 and 1877, and 
in other years he was Chairman of the most important 
committees. He represented Essex county in the State 
Senate in 1882, 1883 and 1884, during the period when the 
railroad and corporation taxation measures were before 
that body. He took a leading part in that legislation and 
also in the consideration and discussion of all other ques- 
tions of importance. He was a member of the Board of 
Works of the city of Newark from May, 1895, to May, 1898, 
when he made a most creditable record. Mr. Stainsby has 
ever been a loyal supporter of the Republican party, and 
he is a leader of much pi^ominence in Essex county. He 
was nominated by Governor Voorhees as Chief of the 
Bureau of Labor and S:atistics on March 24th, 1898, for a 
term of five years, and he was confirmed by the Senate on 
the following day. His salary is $2,500 a year, and his terin 
will expire in 1903, 



358 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Inspector of Factories and Workshops. 

JOHN C. WARD, Centreton, Salem County. 

Mr. Ward was born in Camden, N. J., September 9th, 
1853, and is a farmer. He was Sergeant of Company E, 
Centennial Guard, of Philadelphia, in 1876, at the Centen- 
nial Exhibition. He served as a member of the House of 
Assembly in 1SS9 and 1890, and as State Senator from 1894 
to 1896, from Salem county. He was appointed to his pres- 
ent office by Governor Griggs, on March 26th, 1896, and 
was promptly confirmed by the Senate. He was re-ap- 
pointed by Governor Voorhees in 1901. His term of office 
is five years, and salary $2,500. His term will expire in 1906. 



Custodian of the Capitol. 
JOHN W. WESEMAN, Newark. 

Mr. Weseman was born in Germany (his father being g 
citzen of the United States at the time) in 1861. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools and business 
colleges of Newark. For fourteen years he conducted a 
grocery store in that city, which he has relinquished that 
he might devote his whole time to the duties of his present 
position. At the November election in 1896 he was elected 
a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Essex 
county from the Fourth Ward of Newark, for a term of 
two years. In 1898 he was elected a member of the House 
of Assembly by a plurality of 5,607, and the year following 
he was re-elected by a plurality of 7,068. While in the 
Assembly he served on some of the most important com- 
mittees. He was appointed Custodian of the Capitol in 
July, 1901, by the State House Commission, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of John H. Bonnell, which 
occurred on June 7th of that year. Mr. Weseman has 
always been a steadfast Republican and a hard worker 
for the success of his party. His salary is $2,000 a year. 



Commissioner of Public Boads. 

HENRY I. BUDD, Mount Holly. 

Mr. Budd was born March 21st, 1836, on the Budd home- 
stead, between Pemberton and Vincentown, Southampton 
township, Burlington county-. His ancestors were among 



BIOGRAPHIES. 359 

the original colonial proprietors of West Jersey, and their 
descendants for over two hundred years have been, mostly 
in one locality, largely interested in agriculture. Mr. Budd 
was prepared for college at Pennington and Mr. Colloms' 
Academy, and graduated in 1855 at Bucknell University, Pa. 
He has resided for thirty-five years in Mount Holly. 
He is extensively engaged in farming, and has always 
taken a great pride in agricultural pursuits. Aside from 
this, he gratifies his tastes and occupies much of his time 
with educational and other institutions. He has for a 
number of years acted as President of the Burlington 
County Agricultural Society; Mount Holly, Lumberton and 
Medford Railroad; Vice-President, Trustee and Curator of 
the Burlington County Lyceum of History and Natural 
Sciences; Secretary of the Burlington County Board of 
Agriculture; Secretary of the New Jersey Horticultural 
Society; also a member of other State, county, historical, 
literary and agricultural organizations. He is thoroughly 
imbued with the idea that agriculture should rank higher 
than any other profession or industry; is an earnest advo- 
cate of road improvement or any measure that will advance 
the producing interests. Mr. Budd was, on the 21st of May, 
1S95, appointed by Governor "Werts to his present position, 
to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Edward Burrough, 
and in 1896 he was appointed by Governor Griggs for a 
full term of three years. In 1899 he was re-appointed by 
Governor Voorhees and in 1902 by Governor Murphy. His 
term will expire in 1905, and his salary is $2,500 a year. 



Secretary to the Governor. 
JOHN L. SWAYZE, Trenton. 

Mr. Swayze was born at Newton, Sussex county, N. J., 
October 18, 1868. He attended the Newton Collegiate Insti- 
tute and Philips Exeter Academy. He was engaged in 
business until 1892, when he cmmenced the study of law. 
He was admitted to the bar as an attorney at the Novem- 
ber ternij 1894, and as a. counselor at the November 
term, 1897. In 1894 and 1895 he was Journal Clerk of the 
House of Assembly, and in 1S9S he was appointed Prose- 
cutor of the Pleas for Sussex comity by Governor Griggs, 
and resigned that ofRce in 1902. Mr. Swayze has always 
been an active Republican and for several years made his 
influence felt in Sussex coiinty politics. He was chairman 
pf the Republican County Committee of Sussex in 1897. On 



360 BIOGRAPHIES. 

March 10, 1902, he was appointed Secretary to the Gover- 
nor. The appointment to this responsible office is a mark 
of esteem of Mr. Swayze's worth, ability and popularity, 
and gives much pleasure to his numerous friends through- 
out the state. 



Executive Clerk. 
EDWARD D. FOX, Trenton. 

Mr. Fox, better known as Eddie Fox, for the last thirty- 
seven years has the proud distinction of having served in 
the position he now holds as Executive Clerk, with thirteen 
consecutive Governors and three Acting Governors, be- 
ginning with Marcus L. Ward and continuing with Gov- 
ernors Randolph, Parker, Bedle, McClellan, Ludlow, Ab- 
bett. Green, Abbett (second term), Werts, Griggs and 
Voorhees .and Murphy, and with Acting Governors Voor- 
hees, Watkins and Johnson. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War Mr. Fox, at an early 
age, went forward in defense of his country, with the Fifth 
Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers, as a drummer boy. 
While at the front he made the acquaintance of Marcus 
L. Ward, who took a great interest in New Jersey's soldier 
boys and was known by them as the "soldiers' friend." He 
made his regular visits to the camps, no matter where 
they might be, and on one of these occasions he took a 
great liking to Fox, having had his attention drawn toward 
him by the officers of the regiment on account of his being 
small of stature and an expert drummer. 

At the end of the Rebellion, on the election of Governor 
Ward, Mr. Fox was offered and accepted the position 
which he still holds. He was a great favorite with the 
officers of his regiment, as he has been with each and all 
of the Governors; so much so that at the end of the terms 
of six Governors they presented him with a beautiful gold 
watch and chain, in recognition of his long and faithful 
services. 

Mr. Fox, by his long experience, has the routine duties 
of the Executive Office at his fingers' ends. His recollec- 
tion of various incidents connected with the different ad- 
ministrations with which he has been connected are in- 
teresting and numerous enough to filll a book. Many of 
his valued friends are dead, among whom are nine of the 
Governors with whom he served. Not a State officer is 
living now who held position when he first assumed his 



BIOGRAPHIES. 361 

duties; neither is there a Judge of the Supreme Court or 
of the Court of Errors alive to-day who then occupied 
that office. Former Chief Justice Depue was appointed a 
Supreme Court Justice about six months after Mr. 'Fox's 
appointment. The Chief Justice was the last survivor of 
Governor Ward's appointments, with the exception of Mr. 
Fox. 

The affable manner and the courtesy which Mr. Fox has 
exhibited toward all who visit the Governor's office have 
won for him many friends, and it is safe to say that he 
knows and is known by more of New Jersey's public men 
than any other person in the State. 

Governor Murphy appointed Mr. Fox for another term 
of office as Executive Clerk. 



362 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

(With the advice and consent of the Senate.) 



1903. 

Justice of the Supreme Court— Jonathan Dixon, April 8th. 

Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals— Gottfreid 
Krueger, March 29th; John W. Bogart, April 10th; Fred- 
eric Adams, April 1st. 

Circuit Court Judge— Henry M. Nevius. March 2d. 

Supervisor of the State Prison— Edward J. Anderson, 
June nth. 

Adjutant-General — R. Heber Breintnall, ad interim. 

Chief of the Bureau of Labor Statistics— William Stains- 
by, April 4th. 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance — William Bet- 
tie, April 2d. 

Judges of County Courts— Atlantic, Allen B. Endicott; 
Bergen, David D. Zabriskie; Hudson, John A. Blair; Mor- 
ris, John B. Vreeland; Union, Benjamin A. Vail; Warren, 
George M. Shipman; all April 1st. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas— Atlantic, Joseph E. P. Abbott, 
March 7th; Cape May, Eugene C. Cole, March 21st; Hud- 
son, James S. Erwin, February 9th; Mercer, William J. 
Crossley, February 7th; Morris, Alfred Elmer Mills, April 
1st; Union, Nicholas C. J. English, March 11th. 

District Court Judges— Hoboken, Abel I. Smith, January 
18th; Jersey City, Charles W. Parker, February 9th. 

Commissioners of Pilotage— John R. Dewar, Henry W. 
Miller, Henry C. Gulick, Daniel C. Chase, John C. Weaver, 
Mark Townsend; all May 25th. 

Board of Managers New Jersey State Hospital at Tren- 
ton—Joseph Rice, January 18th. 

State Board of Education— Louis Bevier, Sweeting 
Miles, Everett Colby, Ulamor Allen, March 22d. 

Board of Managers, Home for Feeble-minded Women — 
Mrs. Annie E. Gile, Mrs. Caroline B. Alexander. Vacancy, 
Zebina K. Pangbom, deceased. 

New Jersey Reformatory— Charlton T. Lewis an5 Percy 
R. Pine, May 1st. 

Trustees State Home for Girls— John D. Rue, January 
29th; Alfred D. Carnagy and Mrs, Lydia G. Bergen, Feb- 
ruary nth. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 363 

'State Home for Boys— Frederick M. Lockwood and John 
• Guire, ad interim. 

State Board of Medical Examiners— John W. Bennett 
and John J. Baumann, July 5th. 

Board of Managers of the Village for Epileptics— Theo- 
dore Foote and James J. Bergen, March 14th; Norman 
Fox, ad interim. 

State Sewerag,e Commission— Charles F. Harrington and 
William T. Hunt, May 7th. Vacancy, John Hinchliffe, re- 
signed. 

Commissioners of the Palisades Interstate Park — Ralph 
Troutman and William A. Linn, February 12th. 

Public Library Commission — Leonard J. Gordon, Janu- 
ary 29. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Sanitorium for 
Tuberculosis Diseases— Dr. Elmer Barwis, Dr. W. S. Jones. 

Port Warden, Hudson County— John J. Toffey, February 
7th. 

Twenty Members of the Board of Visitors to the State 
Agricultural College, March 29th. 

GOVERNOR ALONE. 

State Board of Health— Henry W. Elmer, May 1st. 

State Board of Pharmacy— George H. White, April 21st, 

State Board of Dentistry— Frederick C. Barlow, first 
Tuesday in October. 

State Oyster Commission— Jeremiah N. Ogden, June 16th; 
William De Groff. 

State Board of Veterinarj^ Medical Examiners— William 
Herbert Lowe. 

Passaic Vallej^ Sewerage Commission — John Hinchliffe. 

Trustees Newark Technical School— Francis M. Tiche- 
nor, George W. Ketcham. 

Trustees Industrial Education, Hoboken — Edward Russ, 
William Forbes. 

Inspectors of Steamboats— Charles Edwards, George 
Wright Campbell, A. H. Dumont. 

State Board of Children's Guardians— A. T. Williams, 
Katherine E. Abbey. 

State Board of Architects— Charles P. Baldwin, Hugh 
Roberts. 

1904. 

(With the advice and consent of the Senate.) 
Justices of the Supreme Court— Bennet Van Syckel, Feb' 
ruary 15th; Qilbert Collins. March Sth- 



364 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals— William H. 
Vredenburgh, January 18th. 

County Court Judges— Burlington. Joseph H. Gaskill; 
Cumberland, Thomas W. Trenchard; all April 1st. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas— Cumberland, J. Hampton 
Fithian, April 20th: Essex, Chandler W. Riker, May 17th. 

District Court Judges— Newark, First district, Elwood 
C. Harris, March 15th. 

State Board of Assessors— Robert S. Green, March 2d; 
Stephen J." Meeker, March 10th. 

Board of Riparian Commissioners— John I. Holt, William 
Cloke, Willard C. Fisk and John J. Farrell, May 17th. 

Inspectors of State Prison— Lysander E. Watson. Will- 
iam H. Carter. Samuel F. Stanger, Thomas F. Brennan, 
Jacob Van Winkle, David Wickham, all May 25th. 

Commissioners New Jersey Reformatory — Dr. Benjamin 
Edge, Thomas M. Gopsill. 

State Board of Taxation— Henry J. West, June 1st; 
Joseph Thompson, March 22d. 

Board of Fish and Game Commissioners— Howard P. 
Frothingham, Richard T. Miller, Benjamin P. Morris, 
William A. Halsey; all May 17th. 

State Board of Arbitration— William H. Cawley, William 
W. Simpson, George Berdine, Jacob Van Hook, Samuel 
Berry; all March 25th. 

Managers Home for Feeble-Minded Wornen — Charles H. 
-Anderson and Mrs. Emily H. Williamson, March 28th. 

Managers New Jersey State Hospital at Trenton— John 
Taylor and Garret D. W. Vroom, May 25th. 

Managers New Jersey State Hospital at Morris Plains- 
Romeo F. Chobert, Richard A. McCurdy, John C. Eisele. 
Patrick Farrelly and James M. Buckley, May 25th. 

Trustees State Home for Boys— Gervas Ely and James , 
M. Parsons, May 25th. 

Trustees State Home for Girls— Howell C. Stull, Mrs. 
Annie V. P. Emley, Miss Mary S. Atterbury, February 
nth. 

State Board of Education— Edward E. Grosscup, Percival 
Chrystie, James M. Seymour, William D. Forbes, March 
22d. 

State Board of Medical Examiners— Armin Uebelacker, 
William H. Shipps, William Perry Watson, July 4th. 

Board of Managers of the Village for Epileptics— John 
R. Hardin and Thomas J. Smith, February 15th. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Home for Dis- 
abled Soldiers, Sailors, Marines and their Wives— Gilbert 
p. Bogert, Amos R. Dease, Ernest C. Stahl, February 15th- 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 365 

State Sewerage Commission— David L. Wallace, May 7th. 

Palisade Interstate Park Commission- J. Du Pratt 
White, Franklin W. Hopkins, February 12th. 

Public Library Commission— Everett T. Tomlinson, Jan- 
uary 29th. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Sanitorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases— Dr. O. PI. Sproul, Frank D. Shep- 
perd. 

GOVERNOR ALONE. 

Deputy Factory Inspectors— Louis H. Barrett, William 
H. Dod, William L. Conklin, Heber Wells, Joseph Milburn, 
William B. Tucker. 

State Board of Health— Henry B. Rue, May 1st. 

State Board of Pharmacy— William T. Brown, April 21st. 

State Board of Dentistry— Charles A. Meeker, first Tues- 
day in October. 

Police Justice, City of Orange— Joseph P. Bray, May 1st. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners— T. Earle 
Budd, Whitfield Gray. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission— William Mc- 
Kenzie. 

State Oyster Commission— Edward Stites, Jr. 

Trustees Newark Technical School — Moses Strauss, Dan- 
iel T. Campbell, 

TrvTstees Industrial Edvication, Hoboken— William R. 
Jenvey, Richard Stevens. 

Ten Managers of the New Jersey Firemen's Home. 



see UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



President— Theodore Roosevelt, New York. Salary, 
$50,000. 

Vice-President— Vacancy. 

Secretary of State— John Hay, of the District of Col- 
umbia. 

Secretary of the Treasury — Leslie M. Shaw, of Iowa, 

Secretary of War— Elihu Root, of New York. 

Secretary of the Na\">- — TVilliam H. Moody, of Massa- 
chusetts. 

Secretary of the Interior— Ethan Allen Hitchcock, of 
Missouri. 

Postmaster-General— Henry C. Payne, of Wisconsin. 

Attorney-General — Philander C. Knox, of Pennsylvania. 

Secretary of Agriculture— James Wilson, of Iowa. 

The salary of each Cabinet officer is $S,000. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court— Melville W. Fuller, 
of Illinois. Salary, $10,500. 

Associate Justices— John M. Harlan, of Kentucky; David 
J. Brewer, of Kansas; Henry B. Brown, of Michigan; 
George Shiras, Jr., of Pennsylvania; Edward Douglass 
White, of Louisiana: Rufus W. Peckham, of New York; 
Joseph McKenna, of California; Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
of Massachusetts. 

Salary of each Associate Justice, $10,000. 

United States Army— Lieutenant-General, Nelson A. 
Miles. Salary, $11,000. Major-Generals, John R. Brooke, 
Elwell S. Otis, Samuel B. M. Young, Adna R. Chaffee, 
Arthur MacArthur, Lloyd Wheaton. Salary, $7,500. Adju- 
tant-General Corbin also has the rank of Major-General. 
Brigadier-Generals, James F. Wade, Henry C. Merriam, 
John C. Bates, George W. Davis, Samuel S. Sumner, Leon- 
ard Wood, Robert H. Hall, Robert P. Hughes, George M. 
Randall, William A. Kobbe, Frederick D. Grant, J. Frank- 
lin Bell, Jacob H. Smith, Frederick Funston, James M. 
Bell. Salary, $5,500. 

United States Navy — Admiral, George Dewey. Salary, 
$13,500. Rear-Admirals, John A. Howell, George C. Remey, 
Norman H. Farquhar, John C. Watson, Silas Casey, Bart- 
lett J. Cromwell, Francis J. Higginson, Frederick Rodgers, 
Louis Kempff, George W. Sumner, Albert S. Barker, 
Charles S. Cotton. Robley D. Evans, Silas W. Terry, Mer- 



UNITED STATES OFFICIALS. 367 

rill Miller, John J. Read, Henry C. Taylor, Mortimer L. 
Johnson, Edwin W. Shepard, Frank Wildes, Henry Glass. 
Salary, from $4,675 to S7,500. 

President McKinley died on September 14th, 1901, and he 
was succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt, who took the oath 
of office on the same date. 



U. S. OFFICIALS, 190^ 



Circuit Justice George Shiras, Jr. 

-Marcus W. Acheson, 

Circuit Judges J George M. Dallas, 

LGeorge Gray. 

District Judge •. Andrew Kirkpatrick. 

District Attorney David O. Watkins. 

Assistant District Attorney Courtlandt Parker, Jr. 

Marshal Thomas J. Alcott. 

Deputy Marshal Edwin R. Semple. 

Clerk of District Court George T. Cranmer. 

Deputy Clerk of District Court Benjamin F. Havens. 

Clerk of Circuit Court S. Duncan Oliphant. 

Deputy Clerk of Circuit Court Henry D. Oliphant. 

Postmaster at Trenton Alexander C. Yard. 

Internal Revenue Collector— 1st Dist. Isaac Moffatt. 

5th Dist..H. C. H. Herold. 



368 



UNITED STATES COURT OFFICIALS. 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



The United States District Court was organized at New 
Brunswick, on Tuesday, December 22d, 1789. 

DISTRICT JUDGES. 



David Brearley 1789 

Robert Morris 1790 

William S. Pennington. .1817 

William Rossell 1826 

Mahlon Dickerson 1840 



Philemon Dickerson 1S41 

Richard S. Field 1863 

John T. Nixon 1370 

Edward T. Green 1SS9 

Andrew Kirkpatrick 1896 



CLERKS. 



Jonathan Dayton 1789 

Andrew Kirkpatrick 1790 

Robert Boggs 1791 

AVilliam Pennington 1817 

Joseph C. Potts 1840 

Edward N. Dickerson. . .1844 
Philemon Dickerson, Jr. 1853 



Andrew Dutcher 1862 

Ralph H. Shreve 1863 

E. Mercer Shreve 186S 

Robert C. Belville 1871 

William S. Belville 1875 

Linsly Rowe 1882 

George T. Cranmer 1893 



MARSHALS. 



Thomas Lowry 1789 

John Heard 1802 

Oliver Barnett 1802 

Oliver W. Ogden 1808 

Robert S. Kennedy 1849 

George H. Nelden 1S53 

Benijah Deacon 1866 

W. Budd Deacon 1868 



Samuel Plummer 1889 

Robert L. Hutchinson. . .1877 

W. Budd Deacon 1882 

A. E. Gordon 1886 

W. Budd Deacon 1889 

George Pfeiffer 1893 

Thomas J. Alcott 1897 



DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. 



Richard Stockton 1789 

Abraham Ogden 1792 

Lucius H. Stockton 1798 

George C. Maxwell 1802 

Joseph Mcllvaine 1804 

Lucius Q. C. Elmer 1824 

Garret D. Wall 1828 

James S. (?reen 1837 

William Halsted 1849 



Garrit S. Cannon 1853 

Anthony Q. Keasbey. . . .1861 

Job H. Lippincott 1886 

Samuel F. Bigelow 1887 

George S. Duryee 1888 

Henry S. Whit^ 1890 

John W. Beekman 1894 

J. Kearny Rice 1896 

David O. Watkins 1900 



STATE OFFICERS. 369 

STATE OFFICERS. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, 

Governor— Franklin Murphy, 1905. 

Secretary to the Governor— John L. Swayze, 1905. 

Executive Clerk— Edward D. Fox. 

STATE DEPARTMENT 

Secretary of State— Samuel D. Dickinson, 1907, 
Assistant Secretary— J. B. R. Smith, 1907. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

State Treasurer— Frank O. Briggs, 1905. 

State Comptroller— J. Willard Morgan, 1905. 

Chief Clerk, Treasurer's Office— L. Kensil Wildrick. 

Chief Clerk, Comptroller's Offlce— Frederic S. McNeely. 

LAW DEPARTMENT, 

Attorney-General— Thomas N. McCarter, 1907. 

THE JUDICIARY, 

Court of Errors and Appeals— The Chancellor, the Chief 
Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court; Judges John 
W. Bogert, 1903; Gottfried Kreuger, 1903; Frederic Adams, 
1903; William H. Vredenburgh, 1904; Peter V. "Voorhees, 
1906; Garret D. W. Vroom, 1907. Clerk, Secretary of State. 

Court of Chancery— Chancellor William J. Magie, 1908; 
Vice-Chancellors, Henry C. Pitney, 1903; John R. Emery, 
1909; Alfred Reed, 1909; Frederic W. Stevens, 1903; Martin 
P. Grey, 1903; Eugene Stevenson, 1908. 

Vice-Ordinary and Vice-Surrogate-General— Alfred Reed, 

Clerk in Chancery— Edward C. Stokes, 1906. 

Chancery Reporter— S. Meredith Dickinson, 1905. 

Supreme Court— Chief Justice William S. Gummere, 1908; 
Associate Justices, Bennet Van Syckel, 1904; Jonathan 
Dixon, 1903; Charles G. Garrison, 1909; Gilbert Collins, 
1904; John Franklin Fort, 1908; Abram Q. Garretson, 1908; 
Charles E. Hendrickson, 1908; Mahlon Pitney, 1908. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court — William Riker, Jr., 1907, 
24 



370 STATE OFFICERS. 

Deputy Clerk— Charles N. Codding, 1907. 

Law Reporter— Garret D. W. Vroom, 1903. 

Circuit Court Judges— Henry M. Nevius. 1903; Francis J. 
Swayze, 1907; James H. Nixon, 1907. 

Court of Pardons— Governor, Chancellor and Lay Judges 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals; Clerk, Secretary of 
State. 

District Court Judges— Camden, Martin V. Bergen, 1907; 
Elizabeth, Edward S. Atwater, 1906; Jersey City, Charles 
W. Parker, 1903; Otto Crouse, 1905; Nev<^ark, Elwood C. 
Harris, 1904; Thomas J. Lintott, 1905; Paterson, William I. 
Lewis, 1906; Trenton, George W. Macpherson, 1905; Orange, 
Charles B. Storrs, 1906; Hoboken, Abel I. Smith, 1903; Pas- 
saic, William W. Watson. 1906; Atlantic City, Robert H. 
Ingersoll, 1906; Bayonne, Horace Roberson, 1906; New 
Brunswick, Edward W. Hicks, 1906; Perth Amboy, Adrian 
Lyon, 1906. 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

Commander-in-Chief— Governor Murphy. 
Major-General — Peter Farmer Wanser. 
Adjutant-General — R. Heber Ereintnall. 
Assistant Adjutant-General— Charles W. Parker. 
Quartermaster-General- Richard A. Donnelly. 
Inspector-General— Joseph W. Congdon. 
Judge Advocate-General— Edward P. Meany. 

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. 

Trustees of the School Fund— Governor, Secretary of 
State, President of the Senate, Speaker of the Assembly, 
Attorney-General, State Comptroller and State Treasurer. 

State Board of Education— Edward E. Grosscup, Wino- 
nah, 1904; George A. Frey, Camden, 1905; James B. Wood- 
ward, Bordentown, 1906; Silas R. Morse. Atlantic City, 
1905; Louis Bevier, New Brunswick, 1903; Edmund Wilson, 
Red Bank, 1907; Samuel St. John McCutcheon, Somerville, 
1906; Percival Chrystie, High Bridge, 1904; Benjamin H. 
Campbell, Elizabeth, 1905; Charles E. Surdam, Morris- 
town, 1907; Sweeting Miles, Alpine, 1903; Francis Scott, 
J'aterson, 1906; James M. Seymour, Newark, 1904; Everett 
Colby, West Orange, 1903; James L. Hays, Newark, 1906; 
Joseph M. Bj^rne, Newark, 1907; Ulamer Allen, Jersey 
City, 1903; Otto Crouse, Jersey City, 1905; Edward Russ. 
Hoboken, 1907; William D. Forbes, Hoboken, 1904. Presi- 
dent, James L. Hays; Vice-President, Francis Scott; Sec- 



STATE OFFICERS. 371 

retary, Charles J. Baxter; Treasurer, James B. Wood- 
ward. 

Principal State Normal and Model Schools, James M. 
Green, Ph.D.; Steward, John S. Neary. 

Principal New Jersey School for Deaf-Miites, John P. 
Walker; Steward, Thomas F. Hearnen. 

PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

State Superintendent— Charles J. Baxter, 1907. 

Assistant State Superintendent— J. Brogrnard Betts. 

County Superintendents— Atlantic, Samuel D. Hoffman, 
Atlantic City; Bergen, John Terhune, Hackensack; Bur- 
lington, Herman A. Stees, Beverly; Camden, Charles S. 
Albertson, Magnolia; Cape May, Aaron W. Hand, Cape 
May; Cumberland, John N. Glaspell, Bridgeton; Essex, 
Elmer C. Sherman, South Orange; Gloucester, William H. 
Eldridge, Williamstown; Hudson, M. H. Kinsley, Arling- 
ton; Hunterdon, Jason S. Hoffman, Flemington; Mer- 
cer, A. W. Hartwell, Titusville; Middlesex, H. Brewster 
Willis, New Brunswick; Monmouth, John Enright, Free- 
hold; Morris, Watson B. Matthews, Dover; Ocean, Peter 
Tilton, Toms River; Passaic, Homer A. Wilcox, Passaic 
City; Salem, J. Harry Smith, Pennsgrove; Somerset, H. C. 
Krebs, Somerville; Sussex, Ralph Decker, Sussex; Union, 
William J. Shearer, Elizabeth; Warren, Franklin T. At- 
wood, Hackettstown. 

City Superintendents— Asbury Park, Fred S. Shepherd; 
Atlantic City, C. B. Boyer. Supervising Principal; Bayonne, 
J. H. Christie; Bridgeton, E. J. Hitchner; Camden, Mar- 
tin v. Bergen; East Orange, Vernon L. Davey; Elizabeth, 
W. T. Shearer; Gloucester, Horatio Draper; Hoboken, A. 
J. Demarest; Jersey City, Henry Snyder; Millville, S. C. 
Smith; Montclair, Randall Spaulding; Morristown, W. L. 
R. Haven; Newark, Dr. A. B. Poland; New Brunswick, 
W. C. Armstrong; Orange, W. M. Swingle; Passaic, F. E. 
Spaulding; Paterson, L. A. Goodenough: Perth Amboy, 
S. E. Shull; Phillipsburg, H. Budd Howell; Plainfield, 
Henry M. Maxson; Rahway, Edwin C. Broome; Salem, M. 
H. Stratton; Town of Union. Otto Ortel; Trenton, Leslie 
C. Pierson; West Hoboken, Robert Waters. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

Commissioners— Governor, Chancellor, Chief Justice, At- 
torney-General, Secretary of State, Treasurer and Comp- 
troller. 



372 STATE OFFICERS. 

State Librarian— Henry C. Buclianan, 1904. 

Public Library Commissioners— Dr. Ernest C. Richard- 
son, Princeton University, 1907; Moses Taylor Pyne, 
Princeton, 1906; William C. Kimball, Passaic, 1905; Everetl 
T. Tomlinson, Elizabeth, 1904; Leonard J. Gordon, Jersey 
City, 1903. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

The Governor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller. 
Custodian of the State House and Public Grounds— John 
W. Weseman. Assistant, William H. Meseroll, 

RIPARIAN BOARD. 

Commissioners— The Governor, President; Willard C. 
Fisk, Vice-President, Jersey City, 1904; John I. Holt, Pat- 
erson, 1904; William Cloke, Trenton, 1904; John J. Farrell, 
Newark, 1904; Secretary and Engineer, John C. Payne, 
Jersey City; Counsel, George L. Record, Jersey City. 

ASSESSMENT AND TAXATION. 

State Board of Assessors— Robert S. Green, Elizabeth, 
1904; Stephen J. Meeker, Newark, 1904; John C. Rankin, 
President, Elizabeth, 1905; David Baird, Camden, 1905. Sec- 
retary, Irvine E. Mag-uire. 

State Board of Taxation— Charles C. Black, 1906, Jersey 
City; Henry J. West, President, 1904, Camden; Carl Lentz, 
1906, Newark; Joseph Thompson, Atlantic City, 1904. Sec- 
retary, Thomas B. Usher. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

Commissioner — William Bettle, 1903. 

Deputy Commissioner — Thomas K. Johnston. 

LABOR BUREAU. 

Chief— William Stainsby, 1903. 
Deputy— James T. Morgan. 

FACTORIES AND WORKSHOPS. 

Inspector- John C. Ward, 1906. 

Deputies— Lewis H. Barrett, Pleasantville; William H. 
Dod, Hoboken; William H. Conklin, Newark; Heber Wells, 
Paterson; Joseph Milburn, Trenton; William B. Tucker, 
Elizabeth; all in 1904. 



&TATB OFFiCEilS. 373 

STATE BOARD OF ARBITRATION. 

Members- William H. Cawley, Somerville; William W. 

Simpson, Long Branch; George Berdine, New Brunswick; 

Jacob Van Hook, Lodi; Samuel Berry, Millville; all in 

1904. , . 

STATE PRISON. 

Head Keeper— George O. Osbornei. 1907. 

Supervisor— Edward J. Anderson, 1903. 

Inspectors— William H. Carter, Bordentown; Samuel F. 
Stanger, Harrisonville; Thomas F. Brennan, Orange; Ly- 
sander E. Watson, Asbury Park; Jacob Van Winkle, Mor- 
ristown; David P. Wickham, West Milford; all in 1904. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

Commissioners— George A. Squire, Elizabeth, 1905, Pres- 
ident; Patl-ick Farrelly, 1905; Charlton T. Lewis, 1903; Percy 
R. Pyne, 1903; Dr. Benjamin Edge, 1904; Richard H. Wil- 
son, 1906; George W. Fortmeyer, 1906; the Governor is an 
ex-officio member. Thomas M. Gopsill, Jersey City, Sec- 
retary, 1904. Superintendent, Joseph Martin. 

STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

Trustees— James M. Parsons, New Brunswick, 1904; Fred- 
erick M. Lockwood, Jersey City, and John Guire, Long 
Branch, ad interim; Gervas Ely, Lambertville, 1904; Frank 
S. Gaskill, New Egypt, 1905; Edward Spaeth, Newark, 1905. 
Superintendent, John Wildes. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

Trustees— Martin C. Ribsam, Trenton, 1905; Noble C. 
Bristol, Newark, 1905; Miss Anna Augusta Allinson, Tren- 
ton, 1905; John D. Rue, Trenton, 1903; Alfred D. Carnagy, 
Trenton, 1903; Mrs. Lydia G. Bergen, Elizabeth, 1903; How- 
ell C. Stull, Trenton, 1904; Mrs. Annie V. P. Emley, Pat- 
erson, 1904; Miss Mary S. Atterbury, Trenton, 1904. 

STATE HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 

Managers— Colonel Edward H. Wright, Newark; Amzi 
Dodd, Newark; Marcus L. Ward, Newark; James E. Flem- 



374 STATE OFFICERS. 

ming. Newark; General E. Burd Grubb, Edgewater Park; 
General Richard A. Donnelly, Trenton. Officers— Superin- 
tendent, Major Peter F. Rogers; Adjutant, Bishop W. 
Mains; Chaplain, Rev. John D. Ferguson; Matron. Mrs. 
Peter F. Rogers. 



STATE HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, SAILORS, 
MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

Managers— Gilbert D. Bogert, Amos R. Dease, Ernest C. 
Stahl, in 1904; John Shields, 1905; J. Howard Willets, 1906. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

Members— Laban Dennis, 1908, Newark; William H. Mur- 
ray, 1906. Plainfield; Cyrus T. Brackett, President, 1909, 
Princeton; Henrj' B. Rue, 1904, Hoboken; George P. Olcott, 
1907, East Orange; Henry Mitchell, 1905, Asbjiry Park; 
Henry W. Elmer, 1903, Bridgeton. The Secretary of State, 
the i^ttorney-General and the State Geologist, ex-officio. 
Secretary, Henry Mitchell, Asbury Park. 

Chief Inspector of Foods and Drugs— George W. Mc- 
Guire, Trenton. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

Board of Managers at Morris Plains— Romeo F. 
Chobert, Hoboken, 1904; James M. Buckley, Morristown, 
1904; Patrick Farrelly, Morristown, 1904; John C. Eisele, 
Newark, 1904; David St. John, Hackensack, 1907; James 
W. Smith, Paterson, 1907: John A. McBride, Sussex, 
1907; Richard A. McCurdy, Morris Plains, 1904. Secretary, 
Charles H. Green. 

Board of Managers at Trenton— Garret D. W. Vroom, 
President, Trenton, 1904; John Taylor, Trenton, 1904; Joseph 
Rice, Trenton, 190:3; N. Newlin Stokes, Moorestown, 1907; 
Cornelius S. Hoffman, Somerville, 1907; Benajah W. An- 
drews, Woodbur5^ 1907; J. Bayard Kirkpatrick, New 
Brunswick, 1907; Peter J. Rafferty, Red Bank, 1907. Secre- 
tary. Scott Scammell. 

Officers at Morris Plains— Medical Director, Britton D. 
Evans, M. D. ; Treasurer, Guido C. Hinchman; Warden, 
Moses K. Everitt. 

Officers at Trenton— Medical Director, John W. Ward, 
M. D. ; Treasurer, Harvey H. Johnson; Warden, William 
P. Hayes. 



STATE OFFICERS. 375 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 
Board of Managers— Thomas J. Smith, M.D., Bridgeton, 
1904, Treasurer; John H. Ewing, M. D., Flemington, 1905; 
James J. Bergen, Somerville, 1903; Theodore Foote, Vine- 
land, 1903; John R. Hardin. Newark, 1904; Alexander W. 
Mack, Somerville, 1905; Howard P. Reynolds, North Plain- 
field, 1906; Norman Fox, Morrlstown, ad interim. Super- 
intendent, Henry M. Weeks, M. D. 

FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

Board of Managers— Benjamin F. Lee, President, Tren- 
ton, 1906; Charles H. Anderson, Vineland, 1904; Mrs. Emily 
H. Williamson, Elizabeth, 1904; Mrs. Annie E. Gile, Or- 
ange (hold over); Mrs. Caroline B. Alexander, Hoboken 
Chold over) ; Barton F. Thorn, Treasurer, Burlington, 1906. 
Vacancy. 

FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 

New Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Girls 
and Boys, Vineland— Directors, Governor, ex-ofRcio; D. 
Wilson Moore, Clayton, 1903; William H. Nicholson, Had- 
donfleld, 1903; Thomas J. Smith, M. D., Bridgeton, 1903; 
George Davidson, Vineland, 1904; Rev. H. H. Beadle, 
Bridgeton, 1904; Daniel Thackara, Woodbury, 1904; Benja- 
min C. Reeve, Camden, 1905; W. Graham Tyler, Philadel- 
phia, 1905; Charles Keighley, Vineland, 1905; P. P. Baker, 
Vineland, 1906; E. C. Stokes, Millville, 1906; Howard Car- 
row, Camden, 1906; Rev. R. B. Moore, Vineland, 1904. 
Officers of the Board: Philip P. Baker, President; William 
H. Nicholson, Vice-President; George Davidson, Treas- 
urer; Edward R. Johnstone, Secretary and Principal. 
Board of Lady Visitors: Mrs. Charles Keighley, Vice- 
President, Vineland, 1905; Mrs. Fanny A. Sheppard, Green- 
wich, Secretary, 1905; Miss Susan N. Warrington, Moores- 
town. Treasurer, 1905; -Miss Kate A. Mott, Bordentown, 
1905; Mrs. Josiah Bacon, Oaklyn, 1903; Miss Rachel E. Al- 
linson, Yardville, 1903; Mrs. Charles M. Allen, Beverly, 1903; 
Miss Julia Ftame, Bridgeton, 1904; Mrs. Thomas J. Cra- 
ven, President, Salem, 1904; Mrs. Edward P. Shields, 
Bridgeton, 1904; Mrs. William H. Skirm, Trenton, 1903; 
Mrs. Harriet Townsend, Elizabeth, 1904; Mrs. John Moore, 
Clayton, 1903. 

AGRICULTURAL. 

State Board of Agriculture— President, E. B. Voorhees, 
New Brunswick; Treasurer, William R. Lippincott, Fel- 
lowship; Secretary,- Franklin Dye, Trenton. 



S76 STATE OFFICERS. 

Commissioners of Agriculture College Fund— Governor, 
Secretary of State, Treasurer, Attorney-General and 
Comptroller. 

Board of Visitors to State Agricultural College — First 
district, Ephraim T. Gill, Robert Gwynne; Second district, 
John E. Darnell, Winfield S. Bonham; Third district, 
David D. Denise, James Neilson; Fourth district, Samuel 
B. Ketcham, George Fritts; Fifth district, Josiah Ketch- 
am, James H. Burnett; Sixth district, Abram C. Holdruni, 
George H. Blakeley; Seventh district, George E. DeCamp, 
Cyrus B. Crane; Eighth district, George Dorer, Ira C. Kil- 
burn; Ninth district, Rynear J. AVortendyke, Lucius F. 
Donahue; Tenth district, John B. Williams, Philip M. 
Brett; all in 1903. Secretary, Irving S. Upson. 

New Jersey State Agricultural Experiment Station 
No. 1— Board of Managers: Governor, Professors Austin 
Scott and Edward B. Voorhees, together with the mem- 
bers of the Board of Visitors to the State Agricultural 
College. Director, Professor Voorhees; Chief Clerk, Sec- 
retary and Treasurer, Irving S. Upson. 

Station No. 2— Board of Control: The Trustees of Rut- 
gers College. Director, Professor Edward B. Voorhees. 



MEDICAL, PHARMACY AND DENTISTRY. 

State Board of Medical Examiners— Armin Uebelacker, 
Morristown, 1904; William P. Watson, Jersey City, 1904, 
and William H. Shipps, Burlington, 1904; B. L. B. Godfrey, 
Camden, 1905; Charles A. Groves, Newark, and Davis P. 
Borden, Paterson, 1905; Edward Hill Baldwin, Newark, 
1903; John J. Baumann, Jersey City, 1903; John W. Bennett, 
Long Branch, 1903. 

State Board of Dentistry— Frederick C. Barlow, Jersey 
City, 1903; Benjamin P. Luckey, Paterson, 1907; W. E. 
Truex, Freehold, 1906; J. Allen Osmun, Secretary, Newark, 
1905; Charles A. Meeker, Newark, 1904. 

State Board of Pharmacy— George H. White, Jersey 
City, 1903; William T. Brown, Madison, 1904; Harry O. 
Ryerson, Newton, 1905; Henry A. Jorden, Bridgeton, 1906; 
George W. Parison, Perth Amboy, 1907. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners— William 
Herbert Lowe, Paterson, 1E03; T. Earle Budd, Orange, 
1904; Whitfield Gray, Newton, 1904; Thomas B. Rogers, 
Woodbury, 1905; T. E. Smith, Jersey City, 1905. 



STATE OFFICERS. S?7 

FISH AND GAME. 

Commissioners ~ Howard P. Frothingham, Pompton 
Lakes; William A. Halsey, Newark; Benjamin P. Morris, 
Long- Branch; Richard T. Miller, Camden, all in 1904. 

Protector— George Riley, 190 Broad street, Newark. 

Wardens— Emanuel C. Shaner, Mays Landing; Howard 
L. Mathis, New Gretna; George Ricardo, Hackensack; 
William Guthridge, Camden; James Hunt, Camden; 
George Phifer, Manumuskin; Frederick S. Connor, Bridge- 
ton; Gus Hilton, Anglesea; Adon W. Muller, Almonesson; 
John Kerr, Harrison; H. E. Park, White House Station; 
Ans B. Decker, Hopatcong; Harry L. Cook, Trenton; James 
M. Stratton, North Long Branch; Charles Ayres, Metuch- 
en; Anson J. Rider, Tuckerton; Louis E. Foulks, New 
Egypt; Alexander W. Hughes, Paterson; Jacob B. Hen- 
dershott. Newton; Thomas J. Torton, Pennsgrove; E. R. 
Davis, Salem; George H. Miller, Finderne; Charles M. 
Hawkins, Elizabeth; Edward Hill, Rocksburg. 

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. 

Board of Managers— Franklin Murphy, Governor, ex- 
ofRcio President of the Board. First district, two vacan- 
cies; Second district, Edward C. Stokes, Millville; Emmor 
Roberts, Moorestown; Third district, Henry S. Little, Sec- 
retary, Matawan; M. D. Valentine, Woodbrldge; Fourth 
district, Washington A. Roebling, Trenton; William J. 
Taylor, High Bridge; Fifth district, Frederick A. Can- 
field, Dover; Ernest R. Ackerman, Plainfield; Sixth 
district, George W. Wheeler, Hackensack; William 
F. Hall, Pompton Lakes; Seventh district, Wendell 
P. Garrison, Orange; Herbert M. Lloyd, Montclair; 
Eighth district, Frederick W. Stevens, Newark; Harrison 
Van Duyn, Newark; Ninth district, vacancies; Tenth dis- 
trict, S. Bayard Dod, Hoboken; Joseph D. Bedle, Jersey 
City. Henry B. Kummel, State Geologist. 

SEWERAGE COMMISSIONS. 

State Sewerage Commission— William T. Hunt, Presi- 
dent, Newark, 1903; Charles W. Fuller, Bayonne, 1905; 
Charles F. Harrington, Lyndhurst, 1903; David L. Wallace, 
Newark, 1904. Vacancy (Hinchliffe, resigned). Secretary, 
Boyd McLean, Jersey City. 



378 STA'TE OFFICERS. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission— Julius A. Leb*- 
kuecher, President, Newark, 1907: Francis Child, Newark, 
1906; Peter Hauck, Harrison, 1905; William McKenzie, 
Carlton Hill, 1904; John Hinchliffe, Paterson, 1905. Secre- 
tary, John S. Gibson, Newark. 

OYSTER COMMISSIONS. 

State Oyster Commission— Jeremiah N. Ogden, 1903; Ed- 
ward Stites, Jr., 1904; E. L. Riley, 1905; William DeGrofC, 
1903. 

Commission to Promote the Propagation and Growth of 
Seed Oysters— Charles W. C. Bonnell, John B. Tilton, Philip 
R. Sprague, Joseph K. Ridgway, Josiah H. Gaskill, Maja 
Mathis, Watson T. Sooy, George A. Mott, Ephra S. Sooy, 
Robert Carson, George Dickinson, David Claypoole, Wal- 
ter J. Anderson, Lewis Shropshire, all in 1905. 

The Oyster Commission for the District of Ocean 
County— John T. Burton, Daniel T. Sooy, Sr., Ernest L. 
Worth, all in 1905. 

Oyster Superintendent for Di,strict of Ocean County- 
Edward A. Horner, Jr., 1905. 

PALISADES INTERSTATE PARK. 

Comjnissioners of the Palisades Interstate Park— George 
Waldridge Perkins, New York city, 1906; Abram S. Hewitt, 
Ring\\'ood, N. J., 1906; D. McNeely Stauffer, Yonkers, 
N. Y., 1905; Edwin A. Stevens, Hoboken, 1905; J. DuPratt 
White, Nyack, N. Y., 1904; Franklin W. Hopkins, Alpine, 
N. .L, 1904; Ralph Troutman, New York city, 1903; William 
A. Linn,^ Hackensack, 1903; Nathan F. Barrett, New Ro- 
chelle, N. Y., 1907; Abram De Ronde, Englewood, 1907. 

TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS. 

Trustees Newark Technical School— John B. Stabaeus, 
1906; George R. Howe, 1906; Francis M. Tichenor, 1903; 
George W. Ketcham, 1903; Moses Straus, 1904; Daniel T. 
Campbell, 1904; George H. Phillips, 1905; James L. Hays, 
1905. 

Trustees Industrial Education, Hoboken— William Keuf- 
fel, 1906; Abraham J. Demarest. 1906; Edward Russ, 1903; 
William D. Forbes. 1903; William R. Jenvey, 1904; Richard 
Stevens, 1904; Mrs. C. V. Alexander, 1905; James Smith, 
1905. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

State Director of Joint Companies— Charles Bradley, 
Newark. 



STATE OFFICERS. S79 

Commissioner of Public Roads— Henry I. Budd, 1905. 

State Director of Weather Service— Edward W. McGann. 
New Brunswick. 

Inspectors of Steamboats -Charles Edwards, Waterloo; 
George Wright Campbell, Milburn; A. H. Dumont, Jersey 
City; all in 1003. 

Commissioners of Pilotage— Henry W. Miller, Morris- 
town; John R. Dewar, Jersey City; Henry C. Gulick, Bar- 
negat; Mark Townsend, Linwood; Daniel C. Chase, South 
Amboy; John C. Weaver, Haleyville; all in 1903. 

Managers New Jersey Firemen's Home— Benjamin W. 
Cloud, William M. Jefferies, William T. Corliss, Charles 
N. Reading, John McKiernan, William H. Brown, George 
T. Werts, Egbert Seymour; all June 23, 1904. Two vacan- 
cies. 

State Board of Children's Guardians— Anthony T. Will- 
iams, Trenton, 1903; Emily E. Williamson. Elizabeth, 1907; 
Hugh F. Fox, Bayonne, 1907; Katherine E. Abbey, Mount 
Holly, 1903; Joseph McCrystal, Paterson, 1905; Frederick 
G. Burnham, Morristown. 1905; Rev. J. R. Atkinson, 1905. 

Commissioners of the State Museum— The State Geolo- 
gist, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Pres- 
ident of the State Board of Agriculture, President of the 
Senate and Speaker of the Assembly. Curator, S. R. 
Morse, Atlantic City. 

State Board of Architects; — Charles P. Baldwin, Presi- 
dent, Newark, 1903; Charles Edwards. Paterson, 1904; Hugh 
Roberts, Secretary and Treasurer, Jersey City, 1903; Ar- 
nold H. Moses., Camden, 1904; David P. Provost, Elizabeth, 
1904. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Sanatorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases — Dr. Charles J. Kipp, Newark, 1906; 
Dr. Elmer Barwis, Trenton, 1903; Dr. W. S. Jones, Cam- 
den, 1903; Dr. James S. Green, Elizabeth, 1905; Dr. O. H. 
Sproul, Fleming-ton, 1904; Austin Scott, Ph.D., LL.D., Nev/ 
Brunswick, 1906; Edwin A. Stevens, Hoboken, 1905; Frank 
L, Shepperd, Newark, 1904. 

New Jersey Commission for the Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position at St. Louis — Foster M. Voorhees, Chief- Commis- 
sioner, Elizabeth; Elbert Rappelye, Jersey City; J. William 
Clark, Newark; William H. Wiley, East Orange; Edward 
R. W^eiss, Paterson; James T. McMurray, Plainfield; Ira 
W. Wood. Trenton: C. E. Breckenridge, Maywood; John- 
ston Cornish. Washington; Harry Humphreys, Camden; 
Richard W. Herbert, Wickatunk, 1904. 

Commission to Examine into Advisability of a new 
Primary Election Law— Edward C. Stokes, Trenton; 



§^0 StATE OFFtCfiHS. 

George L. Record, Jersey Citj'; Joseph L. Munn. East 
Orange, 1903. 

State Board of Voting Machine Commissioners— Edward 
Li. Phillips. 1907; Seward Davis, Upper Montclair, 1907; 
Joseph A. Brohel, River Edge, 1907. 

Commission for Investigating the Facts relative to 
Clothing furnished Volunteers of the Spanish-American 
War— Captain C. Albert Gasser, Newark; Colonel E. W. 
Hine, Arlington; Major Joseph F. Cline. Burlington; all 
1903. 

Commissioners to Erect Monuments on the Battle Field 
of Antietam— John J. Toffey, Jersey City; James O. 
Smith, Newark; Joseph E. Crowell, Paterson. Terms ex- 
pire when work is completed. 

Comm.ission to Purchase the old Tavern House in the 
Borough of Haddonfield, Camden County— Ephraim T. 
Gill, James L. Pennypacker, Charles R. Stevenson, Robert 
Gwynne, Peter V. Voorhees. Term, pleasure of Governor. 

SENATORS AND CONGRESSMEN. 

United States Senators— John Kean. 1905; John F. Dry- 
den, 1907. 

Representatives in Fifty-eighth Congress— First district. 
Henry C. Loudenslager; Second district, John J. Gardner; 
Third district, Benjamin F. Howell; Fourth district, Will- 
iam M. Lanning; Fifth district, Charnes N. Fowler; Sixth 
district, William Hughes; Seventh district, Richard 
Wayne Parker; Eighth district, William H. Wiley; Ninth 
district, Allan Benny: Tenth district, Allan L. McDer- 
mott. 



Terms of Ofl&ce and Salaries of State Officers, and 
Members and OCacers of the Legislature. 

Governor, three years, $10,000. Secretary to the Governor, 
three years, $3,000. 

Secretary of State, five years, $6,000. Assistant, five years, 
$3,000. 

State Treasurer, three years, $6,000. 

State Comptroller, three years, $6,000. 

Attorney-General, five years, $7,000. 

Adjutant-General. $2,500. 

Quartermaster-General, $2,500. 

Chancellor, seven years, $10,000. 

Vice-Chancellors, seven years, $9,000. 



STATE OFFICERS. 381 

Clerk in Chancery, five years, $6,000. 

Chief Justice SuT^reme Court, seven years, $10,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, seven years, 
$9,000. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court, five years, $6,000. 

Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals, six years, $20 
a day for attendance at court and ^^J a day, not exceeding 
fifteen days, when engaged in examination of cases or 
writing of opinions. 

Circuit Court Judges, seven years, $7,500. 

District Court Judges, five years, $2,500 and $3,000. 

Chancery Reporter, .$500. Law Reporter, $500. 

State Librarian,, five years, $2,000. 

State Superintendent of Public Instruction, five years, 
$5,000. 

Keeper of the State Prison, five years, $3,500. 

Inspectors of the State Prison, five years, $500. 

Supgrvisor of the State Prison, three years, $3,000. 

Superintendent of the New Jersey Reformatory, five 
years, $3,000. 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, three years, 
$4,000; Deputy, $2,500. 

Custodian of the^ State House, at pleasure of the Gover- 
nor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller, $2,000; Assist- 
ant, $1,200. 

Riparian Commissioners, five years, $1,500. 

State Board of Assessors, four years, $2,500; Secretary, 
$2,500. 

State Board of Taxation, five years, $2,500 and $300 for ex- 
penses. Secretary, $2,250 and $300 for expenses. 

Chief of the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, five years, 
$2,500; Deputy, $2,000. 

Inspector of Factories and Workshops, five years, $2,500; 
Assistants, three years, $1,000. 

State Board of Arbitration, three years, $1,200. 

Chief Inspector of Foods and Drugs, $2,000. 

Curator State Museum, $1,500. 

State Commissioner of Public Roads, three years, $2,500. 

Commissioners of Pilotage, three years, fees. 

State Board of Education, five years, no salary. 
State Board of Health, seven years, no salary; Secretary, 
$2,500. 

Superintendent of the Village for Epileptics, $2,500. War- 
den, $1,000. 

State Sewerage Commission, three years, salary, $1,500; 
Secretary; $750. 



382 STATE OFFICERS. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission, five years, salary 
$2,500. 

Commissioners of Palisades Interstate Park, five year3, 
no salary. 

Board of Managers of State Hospitals, five years, no 
salary; Treasurers, each $500. 

State Hospital ofiicials, appointed by Board of Managers, 
salaries — Medical Directors, each $.3,500; First Assistants, 
at Morris Plains, Sl,800; at Trenton,- $1,500; Second Assist- 
ants, Morris Plains, $1,500; Trenton, $1,500; Third Assist, 
ants. each. $1,200; Fourth Assistant, Morris Plains, $1,100; 
Fifth Assistant, Morris Plains, $1,000; Sixth Assistant, Mor- 
ris Plains. .$9.50; Wardens, each $2,500; Secretaries, each $500. 

Fish and Game Commissions, five years, no salary; Fish 
and Game Protector. $1,200 and expenses, $.300; Fish War- 
dens, each $600, and expenses, $200. 

Trustees State Home for Boys, three years, no salary. 

Trustees State Home for Girls, three years, no salary. 

Board of Visitors to State Agricultural College, two 
years, no salary. 

State Board of Medical Examiners, three years, no 
salary. 

State Board of Pharmacy, five years, $5 a day and ex- 
penses. 

State Board of Dentistry, five years, no salary. 

Inspectors of Steamboats, three years, no salary. 

State Board of Children's Guardians, six years, no salary. 

Commission to Promote the Propagation and Growth of 
Seed Oysters, three years, no salary. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Sanatorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases, four years, no salary. 

State Board of Architects, two years, no salary. 

State Board of Voting Machine Commissioners, five 
years, no salary. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, three 
years, no salary. 

State Senators, three years, and Members of the Assem- 
bly, one year, $500. 

Senate Officers— President. $666.66; President's Private 
Secretary, $600; Secretary, $1,500; Assistant Secretary, $1,200; 
Supervisor of Bills, $1,200; one Assistant, $600; Journal 
Clerk, $1,000; Assistant Journal Clerk, $500; Sergeant-at- 
Arms, $700; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, $500; Calendar 
Clerk, $500; Bill Clerks. $.500; five Door and Gallery Keepers, 
e£u:-h $.350; four Pages, each $200; Clerk to Committee on 
Printed Bills, $500. 



MILITARY. 383 

House of Assembly Officers— Speaker, $666.66; Speaker's 
Private Secretary, $600; Assistant Secretary, $400; Clerk, 
$1,500; Assistant Clerk, $1,200; Supervisor of Bills, $1,300; 
two Assistants, $600 each; Journal Clerk, $1,000; Assistant 
Journal Clerk, $500; Sergeant-at-Arms, $700; two Assistant 
Sergeant-at-Arms, each $500; twelve Doorkeepers, each 
$350; ten Pages, each .$200; Clerk to Committee on Printed 
Bills, $500; Bill Clerk and Assistant, $500 each; four Clerks 
to Committees, each $300. 



MILITARY. 



Roster of Ofl&cers of th«» National Guard. 

Commander-in-Chief— Governor Franklin Murphy. 

Staff— Adjutant-General, Brigadier-General R. Heber 
Breintnall: Quartermaster-General, Brigadier and Brevet 
Major-General Richard A. Donnelly; Surgeon-General, 
Brigadier-General John D. McGill; Inspector-General, 
Brigadier-General Joseph W. Congdon; Inspector-General 
of Rifle Practice, Brigadier-General Bird W. Spencer; 
Judge Advocate-General, Brigadier-General Edward P. 
Meany; Aide-de-Camp, Franklin Murphy, Jr., Major; 
Aides-de-Camp (by detail). Lewis T. Bryant, Lieutenant- 
Colonel; Charles W. Parker, Lieutenant-Colonel; Walter 
E. Edge, First I^ieutenant. 

Department Staff- Assistant Adjutant-General, Lieut. - 
Colonel Charles W. Parker; Deputy Adjutant-General, 
I.,ieut. -Colonel James S. Kiger; Deputy Quartermaster- 
Generals, Colonel William H. Earley, Colonel George P. 
Olcott; Paymaster. Captain Samuel S. Armstrong; Mili- 
tary Storekeeper, Captain John H. Crissey; Assistant 
Surgeon-General, Colonel Edmund L. B. Godfrey; Medical 
Inspector, Lieutenant-Colonel Mortimer Lampson; As- 
sistant Inspectors-General, I.,ieutena.nt-Colonel Lewis T. 
Bryant, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Boltwood; Assistant 
Inspectors-General of Rifle Practice, Colonel Charles A. 
Reid, Lieutenant-Colonel Richard B. Reading, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Alfred T. Holley. 

Division— Major-General Peter Farmer Wanser. 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant-General, Colonel Tbomas S. 
Chambers; Inspector, Colonel Daniel B. Murphy; Surgeon, 
Colonel George W. Terriberry; Judge- Advocate, Lieuten- 
ant -Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-General George E. P. 
Howard; Chief of Artillery, Colonel A. Judson Clark; 



384 MILITARY. 

Aides-de-Camp, Major Jam^s W. Howard, Major D. Stew- 
art Craven. 

First Brigade— Brigadier-General Edward A. Campbell. 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant - General, Lieutenant - Colonel 
John A. Parker; Surgeon, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles F. 
W. Myers: Quartermaster and Commissary, Captain Ho- 
^art Tuttle; Paymaster, Major Allan B. Wallace; Judge- 
Advocate, Major Robert I. Hopper; Engineer, Major S. 
Wood McClave: Aide-de-Camp, First Lieutenant Henry 
H. Meeder. 

Second Brigade— Brigadier-General Quincy O'M. Gill- 
more. 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant - General, Major Frederick 
Gilkyson; Surgeon, Major Richard R. Rogers, Jr.; Quar- 
termaster and Commissary, Captain Charles W. Irwin; 
Judge- Advocate, Captain Harry C. Valentine; Aides-de- 
Camp, Captain William H. Skirm, Jr., Captain Edwin B. 
Broadaway. 

First Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Newark- Colonel 
Henry W. Freeman; Adjutant, Captain Alvin H. Graff. 

Second Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Trenton— Col- 
onel Dennis F. Collins; Adjutant, Captain John M. Rogers. 

Third Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Camden— Col- 
onel John I. Shinn; Adjutant, Captain George S. West. 

Fourth Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Jersey City- 
Colonel Robert G. Smith: Adjutant, Captain Benjamin M. 
Gerardin. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Paterson— Col- 
onel Edwin W. Hine; Adjutant, Captain John T. Hilton. 

Battery A, Field Artillery, Orange— Captain, Walter B. 
Adams. 

Battery B, Field Artillery, Camden— Vacancy. 

First Troop Cavalry, Newark— Captain, William A. 
Bryant. 

Second Troop Cavalry, Red Bank— Captain, Edwin Field. 

Signal and Telegraph Corps, Headquarters, Jersey City- 
Captain Henry G. Opdycke, Signal Officer. 



Roster of Officers of the Naval Reserve. 

First Battalion, Headquarter.^, U. S. S. "Portsmouth," 
Hoboken, N. J.— Commander, Washington Irving. 

Second Battalion. Headquarters, U. S. S. "Huntress," 
Camden, N. J.— Commander, James Boyd Potter; Execu- 
tive Officer, Lieutenant-Commander Albert De Unger; 
Signal Officer and Aide, Lieutenant (Jr. Grade) Louis H. 
Miller. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 385 

COUNTY DIRECTORY. 



County Officers, With tlie Date of the Expiration of Their 
Term of Office, Time of Holding Courts, &c. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

County Seat— Mays Landing-. Population, 1,359. 

Sheriff— Samuel E. Kirby, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— Lewis H. Smith, 1903; Albert C. Stephany, 1904; 
Richard C. Benson, 1905. 

County Clerk— Lewis P. Scott, 1905. 

Surrogate— Emanuel C. Shaner, 1907. 

County Collector— L. C. Albertson, Atlantic City. 

Circuit Judge— Charles E. Hendrickson, 1908. 

Coimty Judge— Allan B. Endicott, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Joseph B. P. Abbott, 1903. 

County Board of Elections— Henry S. Scull (1904), John T. 
French (1903), Dems.; Frank S. Adams (1904), Henry Bur- 
ley (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court— April, September an^ December— Second 
Tuesday. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

County Seat— Hackensack. Population, 9,443, 

Sheriff— Charles R. Soley, Rep., 1904. 

Coroners — Willis W. Curry, Charles S. Robertson, both 
1904; James Morgan, 1905. 

County Clerk— John R. Ramsey, 1905. 

Surrogate— David A. Pell, 1908. 

County Collector— Orrin S. Trail, Hillsdale. 

Circuit Judge — Jonathan Dixon, 1903. 

County Judge— David D. Zabriskie, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Ernest Koester, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— William Ely (1903), James 
Young (1904), Dems.; Albert Hoffman (1904), Aaron C. Dem- 
arest (1903). Reps. 

Terms of Court— April, first Tuesday; September, second 
Tuesday; and December, second Tuesday. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY 

County Seat— Mount Holly. Population, 5,168. 
Sheriff— Joseph G. Bower, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— Frank Ridge way, William Grobler, 1905; 

Thomas S. Wells, 1904. 

25 



38G COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Clerk— William Roland Warrick, 1904. 

Surrogate— Franklin P. Endicott, 1906. 

Auditor— W. W. Worrell. 

County Collector— Joseph Powell, Mount Holly. 

Circuit Judge— Charles G. Garrison, 1909. 

County Judge— Joseph H. Gaskill, 1904. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Samuel Atkinson, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— Jacob C. Hendrickson (1903), 
Samuel W. Semple (1904), Dems. ; Samuel K. Robbins (1904), 
John R. Howell (1903), Reps, 

Terms of Court— Fourth Tuesday, January; second Tues- 
day, May and October. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

County Seat— Camden. Population, 75,935. 

Sheriff— Christopher J. Mines, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— Ahab H. Lippincott, Philip W. Beale, 1905; 
Paul N. Litchfield, 1904. 

County Clerk— Frank F. Patterson, Jr., 1906. 

Register of Deeds— Isaac W. Coles, 1905. 

Surrogate — Harry Reeves, 1907. 

County Collector— Mahlon F. Ivins, Camden. 

Circuit Judge— Charles G. Garrison, 1909. 

County Judge— Charles Van Dyke Joline. 1907. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Frank T. Lloyd, 1905; Assistant, 
F. Morse Archer, 1905. 

Port Warden— A. B. Frazee. 

County Board of Elections— Raymond R. Donges (1904), 
David E. Barry (1903), Dems.; Thomas A. Walton (1903), 
Edwin L. Wilcox (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday, April; second Tuesday, 
September and December. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

County Seat— Cape May Court House. Population, . 

Sheriff— Samuel E. Ewing, Dem., 1904. 

Coroners— George Sayre, Jr., 1904; Charles H. Clouting. 
John D. Craig. 1905. 

County Clerk— Julius Way, 1905. 

Surrogate— E. Clinton Hewitt, 1907. 

County Collector— L. S. Stillwell, Goshen. 

Circuit Judge— Charles E. Hendrickson, 1908. 

County Judge— Harrison H. Voorhees, 1906. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Eugene C. Cole, 1903. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 387 

County Board of Elections— William J. Tyler (1903), 
Michael B. Kearns (1904), Dems. ; William S. Bate (1904), 
Joseph K. Hand (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Fourth Tuesday in April, September 
and December. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 
County Seat— Bridgeton. Population, 13,913. 

Sheriff— Charles G. Diament, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— Ferdinand Jones, Jr., 1904; Herbert L. Cooper, 
1903; Samuel M. Hall, 1905. 

County Clerk— George W. Betchner, 1904. 

Surrogate — Frank C. Bray, 1903. 

County Collector— E. P. Bacon, Bridgeton. 

Circuit Judge— Charles E. Hendrickson, 1908. 

County Judge— Thomas W. Trenchard, 1904. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— J. Hampton Fithian, 1904. 

County Board of Elections— John Ogden (1904), George W. 
Eckhart (1903), Dems.; Charles S. Bellows (1903), John R. 
Radcliffe (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 
County Seat— Newark. Population, 246,070. 

Sheriff— William C. Nicoll, Dem., 1905. 

Coroners — Albert J. Holle, C. William Heilman, Richard 
M. Peirce, 1905. 

County Clerk— Arthur Horton, 1907. 

Surr ogate— Joseph W. Ellor. 1904. 

County Collector— Richard W. Booth, Franklin. 

Register of Deeds— George E. De Camp, 1905. 

Circuit Judge— Chief Justice William S. Gummere, 1908. 

County Judge— Alfred F. Skinner, 1906. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Chandler W. Riker, 1904. 

Assistant Prosecutor — Louis Hood, 1904. 

County Board of Elections— Leonard Kalisch (1904), Ed- 
win A. Raynor (1903), Dems.; Noah Guter (1903), Samuel 
C. Martin (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 
County Seat— Woodbury. Population, 4,087. 
Sheriff— Wilson T. Jones, Dem., 1905. 

Coroners— Harry A, Stout, 1903; Charles S. Heritage, 1904; 
Wesley Grant Simmons, 1905. 



S88 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Clerk— Frank B. Ridgway. 1907. 

Surrogate— Millard F. Du Bois. 1904. 

County Collector— George E. Pierson, Woodbury. 

Circuit Judge— Charles G. Garrison. 1909. 

County Judge- John S. Jef=sup, 1907. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Lewis Starr, 1906. 

County Board of Elections— Thomas C. Dilkes (1904), 
Charles Wolforth (190.3). Dems. ; George-E. Pierson (1904), 
William H. Hoffman (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in February and fourth 
Tuesday in May and October. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 

County Seat— Jersey City. Population, 206,433. 

Sheriff— John Zeller, Dem., 1905. 

Coroners— William N. Parslow, Stephen F. Wyse, 1903; 
George J. Brackner, 1905. 

County Cleik— Maurice J. Stack, 1905. 

Surrogate— James T. Lillis, 1906. 

County Collector — Stephen M. Egan, Jersey City. 

Register of Deeds— James C. Clarke, 1905. 

Circuit Judge— Gilbert Collins, 1904. 

County Judge— John A. Blair, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — James S. Irwin, 1903. 

Assistant Prosecutor— George T. Vickers. 

Port Warden— John J. Toffey. 

Harbor Master.s — Vacancies. 

County Board of Elections— Michael J. Coyle (1904), 
Augu.stus A. Rich (1903), Dems.; Joseph J. Gusto (1904). 
Thomas M. Coughlin (1903), Reps. 

Term.s of Court— First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in Decejnber. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

County Seat— Flemington. Population, 2,060. 

Sheriff— Jacob Dilts, Dem., 1905. 

Coroners— Edgar Allen, 1904; David Treftz, 1903; Isaac S. 
Cramer, 1905. 
County Clerk— Andrew R. Dilts, 1905. 
Surrogate — Paul A. Queen, 1904. 
County Collector— John E. Barber, Oak Dale. 
Circuit Judge— Mahlon Pitney, 1908. 
County Judge- John L. Connett, 1906. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas— H. Burdett Herr, 1906. 



nOUNT'Y DIRECTORY. S89 

County Board of Elections— Joseph P. Chamberlain (1904, 
Johnson Warford (190;:!), Dems. ; John J. Nunn (1904), J. J. 
Thorn (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesday in April, second Tues- 
day in September and second Tuesday in December. 

MERCER COUNTY. 

County Seat— Trenton. Population, 73,307. 

Sheriff— Thomas H. Thropp, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— William M. Disbrow, James N. Rue, William 
W. Rogers, 1905. 

County Clerk— Charles H. Baker, 1908. 

Surrogate — John W. Cornell, 1S04. 

County Collector— Edward P. Mount, Trenton. 

Circuit Judge— Mahlon Pitney, 1908. 

County Judge — John Rellstab, 1905. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— William J. Crossley, 1903. 

County Board of Elections — Samuel J. Brown (1903), An- 
thony S. Brennan (1904), Dems.; Holmes E. La Rue (1904), 
Charles H. Mather (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in January, second Tues- 
day in May and second Tuesday in October. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

County Seat— New Brunswick. Population, 20,006. 

Sheriff— William Carman, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— Frank C. Henry, 1903; William H. Quacken- 
boss, John V. Hubbard. 1905. 

County Clerk— John H. Conger, 1904. 

Surrogate— Peter Francis Daly, 1907. 

County Collector— David Serviss, New Brunswick. 

Circuit Judge— John Franklin Fort, 190S. 

County Judge— Woodbridge Strong, 1906. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— John S. Voorbees, 1906. 

County Board of Elections— Hendrick H. Brown (1904), 
Oliver Kelly (1903), Dems.; William B. Prickett (1903), John 
L. Suydam (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

County Seat— Freehold. Population, 2,934. 
Sheriff— Obadiah C. Bogardus, Dem., 1905. 
Coroners— Frank J. Queeney, Asbury F. Bedle, Russell 
G. Andrew, 1905. 



390 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Clerk— Joseph McDermott, 1904. 

Surrogate— David S. Crater, 1908. 

County Collector— Asher T. Applegate, Freehold. 

Circuit Judge— John Franklin Fort, 1908. 

County Judge— Wilbur A. Heisley, 1905. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— John E. Foster, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— John P. Walker (1904), Fred 
F. Armstrong (1903), Dems.; John C. Patterson (1904). 
David D. Denise (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday after the first day of Jan- 
uary, first Tuesday in May and October. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 
County Seat— Morristown. Population, 11,267. 

Sheriff— Abraham Ryerson, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— Henry V. Day, Wilford A. Turnburger, Will- 
iam E. Ellis, 1905. 

County Clerk— Daniel S. Voorhees, 1903. 

Surrogate — David Young, 1908. 

County Collector— Joseph F. McLean, Butler. 

Circuit Judge— Abram Q. Garretson. 1908. 

County Judge— John B. Vreeland. 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Alfred Elmer Mills, 1903. 

County Board of Elections— Clifford A. Fairchild (1904), 
Romeo Robinson (1903), Dems.; Ernst W. Schoneberger 
(1903), Sidney Collins (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in January, first Tuesday 
in May and second Tuesday in October. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 
County Seat— Toms River. Population, about 1,300. 

Sheriff— Courtney C. Carr, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— John Hagaman, 1904; J. Clarence Cranmer, J. 
Fred Conover, 1905. 

County Clerk— Abram C. B. Havens, 1903. 

Surrogate— Jo.seph Grover, 1907. 

County Collector— Wilkinson G. Conrad, Barnegat. 

Circuit Judge — Bennet Van Syckel, 1904. 

County Judge— Albert C. Martin, 1007. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Theodore S. R. Brown, 1907. 

County Board of Elections— David C. Brower (1903), Rem- 
sen L. Disbrow (1904), Dems.; Arthur B. Clute (1903), 
Charles H. Ward well (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesday in April, first Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 391 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 
County Seat— Paterson. Population, 105,171. 

Sheriff— John W. Sturr, Rep., 1903. 

Coroners— George McClary, 1904; Nixon Campbell, Jr., J. 
Mortimer Blauvelt, 1905. 

County Clerk— John J. Slater, 1906. 

Surrogate— Charles M. King, 1905. 

County Collector— P. Henry Shields, Paterson. 

Circuit Judge— Jonathan Dixon, 1903. 

County Judge— Francis Scott. 1907. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Eugene Emley, 1906. 

Assistant Prosecutor of ihe Pleas— Ralph W. Shaw. 

County Board of Elections— John W. DeMitt (1904), Frank 
T. Forbes (1903), Dems. ; C. Frank Kireker (1904), Stephen 
Dawson (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday after the first day of Jan- 
uary, fourth Tuesday in April and September. 

SALEM COUNTY. 
County Seat— Salem. Population, 5,811. 

Sheriff— William Johnson, Dem., 1905. 

Coroners— Albert B. Black, Emerson P. McGeorge, 
Charles W. Denn, 1905. 

County Clerk— S. Luther Richmond, 1904. 

Surrogate — Loren P. Plummer, 1907. 

County Collector— James Butcher, Salem. 

Circuit Judge— Charles E. Hendrickson, 1908. 

County Judge— Clement H. Sinnickson, 1906. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— J. Furman Sinnickson, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— Roger Moran (1904), Millard 
F. Riley (1903, Dems.; B. Frank Wood (1903, Henry 
Coombs (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

County Seat— Somerville. Population, 4,843. 
Sheriff— Calvin D. McMurtry, Dem., 1904. 
Coroners— Frank L. Field, 1903; Claudius R. P. Fisher 
and Mahlon C. Smalley, 1904. 
County Clerk— Frank W. Somers, 1905. 
Surrogate— William J. De Mond, 1907. 
County Collector— E. B. Allen, Somerville. 
Circuit Judge— Abram Q. Garretson, 1908. 
County .Judge — Louis H. Schenck, 1905. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas— James L. Griggs, 1905. 



392 COTJNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Board of Elections— John H. Mattison (1904), 
Jacob Shurts (1903). Dems.; Joseph Fitzga (1904), William 
H. H. Wyckoff (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in April, fourth Tuesday 
in September and fourth Tuesday in December. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 
County Seat— Newton. Population, 4,376. 

Sheriff— Joseph C. Andress, Dem., 1905. 

Coroners— Charles E. Dowlins:, 1904; Edward S. Dalrym- 
ple, Jeptha C. Clark, 190.5. 

County Clerk— Ora C. Simpson, 1907. 

Surrogate — Jacob M. Demarest, 1903. 

County Collector— William E. Ross, Sparta. 

Circuit Judge— Abram Q. Garretson, 1908. 

County Judge— Henry C. Hunt. 1906. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Henry Huston, 1907. 

County Board of Elections— Robert T. Smith (1903), Will- 
iam D. Wilson (1904), Dems.; William H. Dalrymple (1903), 
Watson McPeek (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

UNION COUNTY. 

County Seat— Elizabeth. Population, 52,130. 

Sheriff— B. Frank Coriell, Rep., 1905. 

Coroners— P. DuBois Bvmting, 1903; Horace R. Livengood, 
1904; Russell A. Shirrefs, 1905. 

County Clerk— William Howard, 1904. 

Surrogate— George T. Parrot, 1907. 

County Collector— E. M. Wood, Elizabeth. 

Circuit Judge— Bennet Van Syckel, 1904. 

County Judge— Benjamin A. Vail, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Nicholas C. J. English, 1903. 

Harbor Master, Elizabeth and Elizabeth Creek— John P. 
Arnold. 

County Board of Elections— Patrick J. Ryan (1903), John 
L. Crowell (1904), Dems.; William C. Carr (1903), John W. 
Murray, Jr. (1904), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

WARREN COUNTY. 
County Seat— Belvidere. Population. 1,834. 

Sheriff— William Judson Barker. Dem.. 1905. 

Coroners— Charles N. Shrope, 1903; Michael Kenny, B. 
Frank Fox, 1905. 

County Clerk— Rowland Firth, 1905. 



COUNTY t)IRECT?ORY. 393 

Surrogate— Charles B. Sharp, 1904. 

Couniy Collector— E. J. Mackey, Belvlclere. 

Circuit Judge— Mahlon Pitney, 190S. 

County Judge— George M. Shipman, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— George A. Angle, 1906. 

County Board of Elections— J. William Miller (1904), 
Henry M. Vliet (1903), Dems.; A. Blair Kelsey (1904), An- 
drew Merrick (1903), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Fourth Tuesday in April, fourth Tues- 
day in September and the tirst Tuesday after the fourth 
Tuesday in December. 



Time of Holding Courts. 

The Court of Chancery meets on the first Tuesday in 
February, the third Tuesday in May and the third Tues- 
day in October. 

The Supreme Court meets on the third Tuesday in Feb- 
ruary, ihe first Tuesday in June and the first Tuesday in 
November. 

The Court of Errors and Appeals meets on the first Tues- 
day in March, the third Tuesday in June and the third 
Tuesday in November. 

The Court of Pardons meets on the second Tuesday in 
March, the third Tuesday in June and the third Tuesday in 
November. 

The Prerogative Court meets on the first Tuesday in Feb- 
ruary, ihe third Tuesday in May and the third Tuesday in 
October. 

The U. S. Circuit Court meets on the fourth Tuesday in 
March and the fourth Tuesday in September. 

The U. S. District Court mee s on the third Tuesday in 
January, April, June and September. 

United States Court of Appeals mee's first Tuesday in 
March and the third Tuesday in September. 

The Circuits of New Jersey are divided as follows: 

Isf DistVict— Cape May, Cumberland, Salem and Atlantic. 
Justice Hendrickson. 

2d Disrict— Gloucester, Camden and Burlington. Justice 
Garrison. 

3d District— Mercer, Hunterdon and Warren. Justice 
Pitney. 

4th District— Middlesex and Monmouth. Justice Fort. 

5th District— Somerset. Morris and Sussex. Justice Gar- 
retson. 

6th District— Bergen and Passaic. Justice Dixon. 

7th District— Essex. Chief Justice Gummere. 

8th District — Hudson. Justice Collins. 
9th District— Union and Ocean. Justice Van Syckel. 
For the time of holding county courts, see County Di- 
rectory. 



S54 STATE DEJPARTMENTS. 

REPORTS OF STATE DEPARTMENTS 
AND INSTITUTIONS. 



State Treasurer's Keport. 

The annual report of State Treasurer Briggs, for the 
fiscal year ending October 31st, 1902, makes the following 
exhibit: 

STATE FUND. 

Receipts. 

Attorney-General $4 66 

Board cf Fish and Game Commissioners 100 00 

Clerk in Chancery 42,706 22 

Clerk of the Supreme Court 52,352 71 

Collateral Inheritance Tax 149,576 74 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance 130,966 90 

Commissions 3,260 00 

Court of Chancery 1,035 00 

Discharged Convicts 466 30 

Discharged Prisoners (N. J. Reformatory) 215 00 

Dividends 18,870 00 

Emergency 100 

Geological Survey 644 34 

Interest on Deposits 28,528 95 

Judicial Fees 26,454 05 

Loans to School Fund (Repayment of Loan) 150,000 00 

N. J. Oyster and Shell Commission 622 50 

N. J. Reformatory 2,606 80 

Office of the Treasurer 96 77 

Pan-American Exposition 2,580 99 

Secretary of State 593,287 27 

Sinking Fund Account 95,000 00 

Spanish-American War 47,593 69 

State Board of Health 5,351 S8 

State House Commission 379 00 

State Oyster Comm.ission (Delaware Bay, etc.).. 20,048 91 

State Prison Receipts 76,065 81 

Supreme Court 805 55 

State Oyster Commission (Dist. of Ocean Co.)... 1,739 50 

School Fund Expenses 18 00 

State Traveling Libraries 105 00 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. M 

State Tax on Railroad Corporations.. $1,098,616 60 

Less amount allotted to Taxing Dis- 
tricts Dursuant to act approved 

March 31, 1897 200,461 93 

898,154 67 



Tax from Miscellaneous Corporations $1,963,208 37 
Tax from Paterson Savings Institvi- 

tion 5,000 00 

1,968,208 37 

$4,317,846 08 
Disbursements. 

Adjutant-General's Department $10,036 13 

Advertising 3,000 00 

Agricultural College Fund, "Interest" 4,100 00 

Agricultural Experiment Station 19,000 uU 

Attorney-General's Department 12,709 29 

Antietam Battle Monument Commissions 500 00 

Additions to State Capitol 2,100 00 

Blind and Feebie-Minded 85,380 80 

Board of Fish and Game Commissioners 25,700 00 

Board of Pilot Commissioners 1,200 00 

Board of State Canvassers 246 70 

Board of "Visitors to the Agricultural College 

of New Jersey 140 00 

Bodies thrown upon shores of the state by ship- 
wreck 57 75 

Bureau of Statistics 10,946 54 

Civil War Debt 69.000 00 

Collateral Inheritance Tax 9,039 71 

Commissioners of the Palisades Interstate Park. 52,500 00 

County Lunatic Asylums 213,897 54 

County Superintendents 8,480 80 

Court of Chancery 82,204 67 

Court Expenses 400 00 

Court of Errors and Appeals 11,759 78 

Court of Pardons 1,148 70 

Constitutional Amendments 10,317 30 

Department of Banking and Insurance 34,586 59 

Discharged Convicts 2,500 00 

Emergency 16,700 85 

Executive Department 16,354 56 

Factories and Workshops 10,184 36 

Farnum Preparatory School 1,699 07 

Free School Libraries 6,850 00 

First Defenders' Medals 450 00 



5§e STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

Fort Leo Battle Monument 1,000 00 

Feeble Minded 488 55 

Geological Survey 14,997 90 

General Statutes 8,000 00 

Home for Disabled Soldiers (Kearny) 30,000 00 

Home for Feeble-Minded Women 12,000 00 

Industrial Education 46,000 00 

Insurance 1,900 00 

Inauguration Expenses 11,444 65 

Inauguration of the President of the U. S 1,753 87 

Jersey City Armory 3,275 72 

Law and Equity Reports 10,546 40 

Legislature 92,208 83 

Loans to School Fund 180,000 00 

Manual Training and Industrial School for Col- 
ored Youth 19,989 92 

Monmouth Battle Monument 400 68 

National Guard 157.453 57 

Nava.1 Reserve 20.782 06 

New Senate Chamber 3,135 08 

New Jersey Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, 

Marines and their Wives 18,649 22 

New Jersey Oj'ster and Shell Commission 136 34 

New Jersey Reformatory 177,893 14 

New Jersey School for the Deaf 45,000 00 

New Jersey Sanatorium for Tuberculosis Dis- 
eases 50 000 00 

Obstructions to Navigation Ill 50 

Office of Clerk in Chancery 33,655 67 

Office of Clerk of the Supreme Court 23,352 50 

Office of the Comptroller.., 14,100 00 

Office of the Treasurer 14,384 89 

Office of the Secretary of State 28,986 81 

Oyster Commission 9,992 45 

Oyster Commission, Clams 1,990 00 

Oyster Propagation 200 00 

Oyster Industry .' 1,486 48 

Pensions 5,416 00 

Preservation of Records 3,500 00 

Printing 40,595 48 

Public Library Commission 700 00 

Public Roads 155,000 00 

Passaic Valley District Sewerage and Drainage 

Comm.ission 25,000 00 

Quartermaster-General's Department 11,887 35 

Refunded Taxes on Exempted Miscellaneous 

Corporations 9,001 47 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 397 

Riparian Commission 12,300 00 

School Fund Expense 3,052 77 

Sinking- Fund Account 2,130 00 

Soldiers' State Pay 98 84 

Spanish-American War Claims 1,500 00 

State Board of Agriculture 7,000 00 

State Board of Arbitration. 6,247 00 

State Board of Assessors 23,628 05 

State Board of Children's Guardians 8,200 00 

State Board of Education 3,642 81 

State Board of Examiners 147 70 

State Board of Health 30,449 19 

State Board of Taxation 15,057 52 

State Charities Aid Association 600 00 

State Home for Boys 69,250 00 

State Home for Girls 30,209 54 

State Horticultural Society 400 00 

State Hospitals 995 80 

State Hospital at Trenton 90,489 97 

State Hospital at Morris Plains 129,082 75 

State House Commission 55,000 00 

State House Commi.sision, "Special" 500 00 

State Library 8,371 36 

Sta te Museum 1,997 67 

State Normal School 59,38132 

State Oyster Commission (Delaware Bay, etc.)-- 25,007 00 

State Prison Maintenance 89,893 25 

State Prison Fvirniture, Appliances and Repairs. 9,988 98 

State Prison Salaries 100,324 94 

State School Tax 883,978 04 

State Sewerage Commission 8,970 99 

State Traveling Libraries 244 84 

State Oyster Commission (Dist. of Ocean Co.)... 829 93 

State House Commission, Improvements 18,35140 

StatQ Agricultural College 12,000 00 

Supreme Court 106,609 42 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 15,907 86 

Teachers' Institutes 3,000 00 

Teachers' Libraries 381 60 

Trenton Armory 29,121 05 

Trenton Battle Monument 500 00 

Tuberculosis Commission 11,985 80 

Village of Epileptics 34,875 93 

Washington Association of New Jersey 2,500 00 

Weather Service 1,000 00 



$3,924,810 99 



398 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

Receipts over disbursements 393,035 09 



$4,317,846 08 



EXTRAORDINARY DISBURSEMENTS. 

The following extraordinary disbursements are included 
in the above statement: 

State School Tax $883,978 04 

New^ Jersey Reformatory (New Building, etc.)... 111,372 88 

Civil War Debt 69,000 00 

Palisades Interstate Park Commission (Pur 

chase of Lands) 50,000 00 

New Jersey Sanatorium for Tuberculosis Dis- 
eases 50,000 00 

State Hospital at Morris Plains (Improvements) 36,524 70 

Trenton Armory 29,12105 

Passaic Valley District Sewerage and Drainage 

Commission 25,000 00 

National Guard (Improvements to State Camp 

Grounds) 20,569 31 

State House Commission (Heating, etc.) 18,351 40 

Village for Epileptics (Improvements) 15,875 93 

Home for Feeble-Minded Women at Vineland 

(Dormitory, etc.) 15,500 00 

Manual Training and Industrial School for Col- 
ored Youth at Bordentown (Purchase of 

Land, etc.) 14,989 92 

State Agricultural College (Clay Working and 

Ceramics) 12,000 00 

Inauguration of the Governor 11,444 65 

Constitutional Amendments (Advertising) 10,317 30 

State Oyster Commission (Police Boat) 10,000 00 

Refunded Taxes (1900 and 1901) 8,666 47 

State Hospital at Trenton (Special Appropria- 
tion) 8,429 97 

Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, Marines 

and their Wives (Special Appropriation) 8,425 78 

General Statutes 8,000 00 

State Normal School (Heating, Lighting and 

and Ventilating)...'. 7,418 92 

State Home for Boys (Sewerage) 7,000 00 

State Home for Girls (Grading, etc.) 6,000 00 

Jersey City Armory (Special Appropriation) 3,275 72 

New Senate Chamber 3,135 08 

Naval Reserve (Repairs to U. S. S. Huntress)... 2,994 20 

Addition to State Capitol (1901) 2,100 00 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 399 

Inauguration of the President of the United 

States $1,753 87 

Spanish- American War Claims 1,500 00 

Oyster Industry Commission 1,486 48 

Pensions (Special Appropriation) 1,2H2 00 

Fort Lee Battle Monument = 1,000 00 

Antietam Battle Monument Commission 500 00 

Farnum Preparatory School (Repairs, etc.) 499 07 

First Defenders' Medals 450 00 



$1,457,912 74 
SCHOOL FUND. 

Receipts. 

State School Tax for the year 1901 $1,486,806 75 

Interest on Stocks and Bonds $84,123 63 

Rents from Riparian liCases 45,905 60 

Interest on School District Bonds 26,154 90 

Interest on Bonds, and Mortgages 20,504 34 

Dividends , 14,650 00 

Licenses 2,692 50 

Rents from Real Estate 963 95 

$194,994 92 

Loans to School Fund (from State 
Fund) $180,000 00 

Interest on Deposits 1,830 00 

376,824 92 

Securities paid off — 

Stocks and Bonds $79,075 00 

School District Bonds 41,660 00 

Bonds and Mortgages 4,550 00 

Riparian Leases 40,334 51 

Real Estate 3,750 00 

$169,369 51 

Loss on sale of Real Estate 11,750 OO 

181,119 51 

Grants 57,147 04 

Balance in bank, November 1st, 1901 113,836 99 

$2,215,735 21 
Disbursements. 

State School Tax for the year 1901 $1,486,806 75 

Investments of School Fund 200,000 00 



400 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

Loss on sale of Real Estate $11,750 00 

Free Public Schools $200,000 00 

Loans to School Fund (repayment to 

State Fund) 150,000 00 

Premium and Accrued Interest 8,875 71 

County Superintendents 23,012 29 

381.888 00 

Balance in bank, October 31st, 1902 135,290 46 

$2,215,735 21 
Total amount of School Fund Securi- 
ties $3,839,692 21 



State lioard of Assessors. 

FOR THE ASSESSMENT AND lAXATION OF RAIL- 
ROAD AND OTHER CORPORATE PROPERTY. 

John C. Rankin, Jr., President; Robert S. Green, Stephen 
J. Meeker, David Baird; Irvine E. Maguire, Secretary; 
George William Barnard, Assistant Secretary. 

This department of the State Government was created 
under an act of the Legislature entitled "An act for the 
taxation of railroad and canal property," approved April 
10th, 1884. 

The work of the Board was increased during the same 
year by the passage of another act, entitled "An act to 
provide for the imposition of State taxes upon certain cor- 
porations, and for the collection thereof." approved April 
18th, 1S84. 

By an act of the Legislature of 1900 (taking effect Janu- 
ary 1st, 1901), this Board is further charged with the assess- 
ment and apportionment of the municipal franchise tax 
to be paid by persons, copartnerships, associations or cor- 
porations using or occupying public streets, highways, 
roads or other public places. 

The report of the Board for the year 1902 shows that 
116 railroad and canal companies within the State are sub- 
ject to taxation. These companies represent about 2,300 
miles of railroads and 173 miles of canals. 

The following table is a summary of the valuation and 
assessment of railroad and canal property for the year 1902, 
subject to review by the Board, which review is now in 
progress: 



State departments. 



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402 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

MISCELLANEOUS CORPORATIONS. 

Under the provisions of the act of April 18th, 1884, and its 
supplements, the Board has assessed for the year 1902 a 
State franchise tax against 8,569 corporations, amounting 
to $2,885,187.79 tax. 

The following table shows the comparison with previous 
years of the number of corporations assessed under this 
act, and the amount of tax levied: 

Inc. in Inc. in Dec. in 

No. of Amount No. of Amount Amount 
Corporations of Tax Corporations of Tax of Tax 

Years. Assessed. Assessed. Assessed. Assessed. Assessed. 

1884 619 $195,273 51 

1885 797 235,769 40 

1886 917 244,035 81 

1887 1,132 287,702 13 

1888 1,457 360,197 59 

1889 1,698 438,893 42 

1890 2.103 574,048 16 

1891 2,377 629,659 62 

1892 3,149 788,486 86 

1893 3,889 973,417 19 

1894 4,283 1,077,066 39 

1895 4,450 1,092,744 59 

1896 4,593 1,060,056 52 143 $32,688 07 

1897 4,777 1,075,278 52 184 15,222 00 

1898 5,188 1,197,030 54 411 121,752 02 

1899 5,469 1,332,635 95 281 135,605 41 

1900 6,602 2,048,008 03 1,133 715,372 08 

1901 7,294 2,315,592 78 692 267,584 75 

1902 8.569 2,885,187 79 1,275 569,595 01 



178 


$40,495 89 


120 


8,266 41 


215 


43,666 32 


325 


72,495 46 


241 


78,695 83 


405 


135,154 74 


274 


55,661 46 


772 


158,827 24 


740 


184,930 33 


394 


103,649 20 


167 


15,678 20 


143 





State Board of Health. 

The State Board of Health was created by the Legisla- 
ture in 1877, and the annual reports show the work which 
has been accomplished during the past twenty-five years. 
Professor C. F. Brackett, M.D., LL.D., Is President of the 
Board, and Henry Mitchell, M.D,, is Secretary. The Secre- 
tary of Slate, the Attorney-General and the State Geolo- 
gist are members ex officio. The other members are Laban 
Dennis, M.D., Newark; Henry W. Elmer, M.D., Bridgeton; 
Henry B. Rue, M.D., Hoboken; William H. Murray, M.D., 
Plainfield: George P. Olcott, C.E., East Orange. 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 403 

In addition to the duties assigned to the Board by the 
act under which it is constituted, it has charge of the 
execution of the laws for the prevention of the spread of 
contagious diseases of animals, for regulating the sale of 
petroleum, for preventing the sale of contaminated milk, 
for regulating mariJme quarantine, for conducting the 
State laboratory of hygiene and for preventing the sale 
of diseased meat and other unwholesome foods. 

Besides its special work the Board is constantly con 
suited by local health authorities concerning methods for 
restricting the spread of preventable diseases, the abate- 
ment of Viufsances, th prevention of the pollution of 
streams, and for the improvement of sanitary administra- 
tion. 

As a Bureau of \''ital Statistics the Board receives and 
records all marriages, births and deaths which occur in 
the State, and tabulates these records for use in proving 
descent; in the relations of guardians and wards; in the 
disabilities of minors; in the administration of estates; 
the settlement of insurance and pensions; the requirements 
of foreign countries concerning residence, marriages and 
legacies; for proving marriages in our own country; in 
voting and in the jury and militia servicer in the right to 
admission and practice in the professions and in public 
office; in the enforcement of the laws relating to education 
and to child labor; the determination of the "age of con- 
sent," &c. 

The following table shows the number of marriages, 
births, still-births and deaths registered each year since 
the establishment of the Bureau of Vital Statistics: 

Non- 
Still- Resident. 

Year. Marriages. Births. Deaths. Births. Marriages. 

1878 542 1,845 1,501 

1879 7,188 23,205 20,575 1,306 

1880 8,100 24,292 19,125 1,475 

1881 8,336 24,268 21,039 1,492 

1882 9,094 23,812 26,082 1,409 

1883 9,911 25,667 23,445 1,511 

1884 9,329 26,539 21,821 1,400 

18S5 9,348 25,189 23,966 1,782 

1886 12,838 27,382 22,923 1,494 2,572 

1SS7 15.639 28,016 24,556 1,580 4,332 

lb88 16,574 29,084 27,479 1,739 4,475 

1889 15,962 30,407 26,778 1,859 4,072 

1890 15,954 31,770 28,773 1,819 4,187 



404 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



Year. 
1S91..., 
1892. . . . 
1893. . . . 
1894. . . . 
1895.... 
1896.... 
1897.... 
1898.'... 
1899.... 
1900.... 
1901.... 
1902.... 











Non- 








Still- 


Resident 


Triages 


. Births. 


Deaths. 


Births. 


Marriages, 


15,847 


30,023 


29,179 


1,809 


3,411 


16,572 


32,726 


33,016 


1,848 


3.767 


17,627 


34,639 


30,929 


1,892 


4,073 


16,690 


35,108 


30,355 


2,022 


3,881 


16,537 


33,198 


30,901 


1,933 


3,282 


18,774 


33,006 


31,315 


2,033 


4,13iJ 


18,171 


31,595 


29,822 


2,031 


4,090 


13,213 


32,515 


27,337 


2,060 


262 


13,336 


29,419 


30,999 


1,877 


64 


15,875 


36,837 


32,204 


2,045 


50 


17,015 


37,591 


31,777 


1,913 


— 


16,539 


34,812 


31,739 




— 



335,011 722,945 657,636 40,329 
Grand total, 1,755,921. Yearly average, 70,237. 



State Bureau of Vital Statistics. 

STATEMENT fOR YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1901. 



Atlantic 

Bergen 

Burlington 

Camden 

Cape May.. 
Cumberland 

Essex 

Gloucester . 

Hudson 

Hunterdon . 

Mercer 

Middlesex . 
Monmouth . 

Morris 

Ocean 

Passaic 

Salem 

Somerset .. 

Sussex 

Union 

Warren 



Marriages. 


Births. 


Deaths, 


538 


929 


819 


449 


1,404 


1,178 


442 


747 


935 


1,538 


1,748 


1,896 


108 


243 


199 


483 


930 


652 


3,048 


8,243 


6,431 


254 


504 , 


450 


3,689 


8,602 


7,431 


232 


520 


503 


796 


979 


1,521 


662 


1,479 


1,211 


628 


999 


1,284 


372 


864 


1,053 


158 


271 


330 


1,562 • 


3,045 


2.671 


188 


396 


330 


233 


462 


429 


159 


294 


258 


656 


1,727 


1,644 


344 


426 


514 



16,539 



34,812 



31.739 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

Cities. Marriages 

Atlantic City 3S7 

Bayonne 265 

Bloomfielcl 61 

Eordentown TO 

Bridgeton 118 

Bvirlington 39 

Camden 1,355 

Dover 56 

East Orange 144 

Elizabeth 321 

Englewood 45 

Gloucester City 45 

Hackensack 81 

Harrison 62 

Hoboken 805 

Irvington . . .• 28 

Jersey City 1,980 

Long Branch 115 

Millville 160 

Montclair 81 

Morristown 86 

Newark 2,426 

New Brun.swick 204 

North Plainfield 44 

Orange 164 

Passaic City 613 

Paterson 848 

Perth Amboy 219 

Phillipsburg 149 

Plainfield 131 

Rahway 71 

Red Bank 64 

Salem 64 

South Amboy 47 

Summit 37 

Town of Union 176 

Trenton 683 

West Orange 19 



405 



12,263 



Births. 


Deaths. 


514 


549 


172 


578 


155 


145 


44 


72 


256 


187 


57 


146 


1,237 


1,377 


115 


98 


348 


216 


875 


956 


64 


101 


144 


158 


224 


173 


199 


229 


1.499 


1,128 


99 


52 


4.003 


4,038 


122 


221 


247 


155 


314 


243 


152 


212 


6,116 


4,826 


378 


364 


89 


64 


606 


426 


998 


542 


1,714 


1.871 


410 


308 


82 


152 


310 


257 


118 


118 


61 


91 


77 


82 


112 


105 


141 


SO 


359 


275 


800 


1,234 


119 


94 



23,330 



21,923 



Road Improvement in New Jersey for the Year 1902. 

The demand for improved" roads is constantly increasing. 
Prompted by state aid, work on seventy-five different sec- 
tions of our public highways has been commenced tliis 



406 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

year, ag^egating two hundred and one miles, one hundred 
and fifty-five of which have been completed. The remain- 
ing mileage was not advanced far- enough to claim any 
portion of this year's appropriation. 

The increase of the state's appropriation by the last 
Legislature from one hundred and fifty thousand dollars 
to two hundred and fifty thousand dollars has been 
promptly met by the different counties, and, although it 
has enabled them to largely augment their improvement, 
it falls far short of meeting the demands of the numerous 
petitions. 

The counties of Atlantic, Bergen, Burlington, Camden, 
Cape May. Essex, Gloucester, Mercer, Middlesex, Mon- 
mouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Salem, Somerset, Union 
and Warren are this year beneficiaries of the state bounty. 

Upon many of our roads work has been very much de- 
layed, owing to the following causes: 

First— In manj'' of the counties the freeholders think 
they have no authority to advertise for bids until they 
make the appropriations at their annual meetings in May. 
Thus the commencement of road work is often delayed by 
the time required for the necessary preliminary work of 
surveys, advertising, arranging for the acceptance of bids 
and for the contractors to bring their men and implements 
together. For these reasons four of the best road-building 
months of the j-ear— March, April, May and June — are 
eliminated, and construction Is forced over to the hot 
months of July, August and September, when men are 
busy and teams are required in the harvest fields, pleasure 
resorts and various enterprises that are most active dur- 
ing the summer and early autumn months. The law regu- 
lating the appropriations and contracts of freeholders 
should be so amended that they can make contracts for 
the coming year at any time after the first of November 
preceding their annual meeting, and thus harmonize with 
the state's fiscal year, which ends on the last day of 
October. Then the greater portion of the work could be 
completed while there is the most business leisure and the 
best working weather. 

Second— After the work this year had fairly commenced, 
the excessive rainfall, lasting over a long period, prevented 
active work for many days. Then labor became scarce, 
crushers could not be operated for want of coal consequent 
upon the strike, and the great demand for teams in other 
branches of industry retarded the work to such an extent 
that many of our roads are not completed, and therefore 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 407 

not in condition to claim a share of this year's appropri- 
tion. 

The following- is a condensed account of the progress of 
the work in the different counties in the state: 

Atlantic county this year has commenced the construc- 
tion of the Pleasantville and Atlantic City boulevard, 4 
miles long-, 60, 80 and 100 feet wide, connecting the city 
with the mainland, the contract price of which is about 
$83,000; also the Absecon and Chestnut Neck road, 11 miles 
long, connecting Atlantic City with the Burlington county 
system; likewise has, completed the Hammonton and 
Pleasant Mills road, S.ll miles; the Pleasantville and May's 
Landing road, 11.99 miles, and is contemplating many more. 
Those improved and under contract will give Atlantic City, 
upon the completion of the boulevard across the meadows, 
a continuous line of seventy-five miles of incomparable 
roads lor automobile and carriage driving, where before 
travelers were forced to wade through heavy beds of sand. 

Bergen county receives its first installment of state aid 
this year. Under the Township State Ai^ act, Hillsdale is 
claiming- state aid for Railroad, Summit and I^illsdale ave- 
nues, aggregating 1.02 miles. Bergen possesses many miles 
of improved roads built several years ago by the different 
townships. 

Burlington county still maintains its record for building 
all the roads that the law will allow, although it does not 
borrow to meet state aid, and, further, requires each town- 
ship to grade, at its own expense, all the roads improved 
within its borders. In expending one-fourth of one per 
centum of her ratables, she thereby claims a large part of 
the state appropriation. This county has completed and 
started construction on the following roads: 

Piper's Corner and Indian Mills, 4 miles; Burlington and 
Columbus, 6.98 miles; New Gretna, 5 miles; Medford and 
Red Lion, 4.49 miles; Mount Holly and Smithville, 3.21 
miles. In addition to the foregoing the county has pur- 
chased its portion of two turnpikes, extending into its 
borders from Camden; namely, the Westfield turnpike, 5.30 
miles, and the Marlton and Camden turnpike, 1.43 miles. 
Altogether this county has added 19.13 miles to her system 
of improved roads during the past year, making a total of 
141.06 miles improved under the provisions of the state aid 
law. 

Camden county, forming a grand thoroughfare between 
the agricultural lands of Southern New Jersey and the 
Philadelphia markets, must be continually improving- and 
extending its hard and smooth roads. Those improved tl^is 



408 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

year are the Clementon and Gibbsboro road, 2.63 miles; 
Stoy's Landing road. 1.42 miles; Sandy Lane road, 2.20 
miles, and the River road, 3.21 miles, a total of 9.56 miles, 
with many others petitioned for. This county -is now con- 
templating purchasing, under the State Aid Turnpike law, 
six toll pikes, forty miles long, that lead out of the city of 
Camden, south, east and north. When this is done there 
will be but few miles of toll pikes left in the fctate. 

Cape May county is rapidly awakening to the fact that 
good roads are necessary to its material advancement, this 
year completing Asbury avenue, 1.80 miles; also 12 miles of 
a fine driveway from Cape May to Cape May Court House. 
Under the State Aid Turnpike law the Ocean County turn- 
pike, extending 2.08 miles across the meadows, has been 
purchased, giving Ocean City a fine connection with the 
mainland. The county has further contracted to improve 
three miles, extending across the meadows from Wild- 
wood, agrowing seaside resort, to the mainland. Thus in 
one year, under the State Aid law, contracts have been 
made to connect ft)ur famous South Jersey seaside resorts 
with the mainland by means of first-class roads. 
Cumberland county still hangs in the balance, many of 
her citizens working for state aid. and will probably en- 
ter the list next year. 

Essex county, although possessing over three hundred 
miles of improved roads, is clamorous for more, and has 
constructed Sandford street, 2.20 miles; West Passaic ave- 
nue, 1.09 miles; Mountain avenue, 3. .39 miles; Ridge road, 
2.04 miles, making a total of 8.723 miles. The apparently 
small mileage of this county is counterbalanced by the ex- 
pensive grading through trap rock ridges over which many 
of the roads extend. The trunk lines of this county are 
nearly all improved; therefore, short pieces, which serve 
either as feeders or connecting links, are the only roads 
within the county limits demanding improvement. 

Gloucester county continues to add rapidly to its mileage, 
this year constructing the Glassboro and Hardingville 
road. 5.105 miles; German street. 559 feet; Delaware street, 
1.67 miles, and the Clayton and Williamstown road, 5.96 
miles, altogether 12.835 miles. 

Hudson and Hunterdon counties are out of the list this 
year, but are preparing to enter before another year ex- 
pires, Hudson having already approved of a road for next 
year's construction. 

Mercer county is spending this year in road building 
about $110,000, constructing the Trenton and Allentown 
turnpike, 6.17 miles; Marshall's Corner and Woodsville 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 409 

road, 2.43 miles; Edinburg, Dutch Neck and Princeton road, 
6.69 miles: Hamilton avenue and Dogtown road, 3.03 miles, 
a total of 18.32 miles, making- the mileage of improved 
roads 86.35. This county is urging its claims for many 
more miles of good roads leading toward the manufactur- 
ing and commercial city of Trenton. 

Middlesex county was an applicant for twelve short 
pieces of roads; viz., Amboy and Keyport, 2.25 miles; New 
Brunswick and Bound Brook, 2.50 miles; Sayreville and 
South Amboy, 2.25 miles; South Plainfield, 1.34 miles; New 
Durham, 2 miles; Union Valley and Half Acre, 1.30 miles; 
Morristown and Lawrence Harbor, 1.97 miles; Pleasant 
Hill and Cranbury, 2.32 miles; Dayton and Tallman's Cor- 
ner, 2.95 miles, and South River, 1.26 miles, a total of 20.14 
miles. These are in part portions of trunk lines, and it is 
the intention of the Board of Freeholders to extend the 
same each year, thereby connecting important towns, 
others to serve as feeders to the trunk lines already built. 

Monmouth, another of our ambitious counties, has been 
working upon six different pieces of roads — the Lower 
Squankum and Lakewood, 4.71 miles; Keyport and Kean- 
burg, 1.92 miles; Holmdel and Marlboro, 3.43 miles; Main 
street, Matawan, 1.50 miles; Red Bank and Oceanic, 3.19 
miles; Ocean avenue. North Long Branch, 1.76 miles, and 
the extension of Navesink road, 2.32 miles, a total of 18.83 
miles. 

Morris county claims state aid for five different roads— 
Passaic Valley, 4.30 miles; Randolph township section of 
the Newton turnpike. 6.07 miles; James street, Morristown. 
2.03 miles; Hamburg turnpike, .587 miles, and a portion of 
the Newark and Pompton turnpike, .70 miles, a total of 
14.249 miles. In this county we have encountered some 
heavy and expensive grading, which might in a measure 
have been avoided if the location of the road had been 
changed. 

Ocean county is building its first road, under the State 
Aid law, from Lakewood to Point Pleasant, a distance of 
7.60 miles. This will provide a fine thoroughfare for the 
inhabitants of the winter resort of Lakewood to all points 
of the upper shore. This county is also preparing to im- 
prove twelve miles of highway between Lakehurst and 
New Egypt. 

Passaic, one of the counties that early enlisted in road 
improvement, now possesses over two hundred miles of 
macadam roads, and is this year claiming state aid for 
Squaw Brook road, 1.46 miles; Highland avenue, .81 miles; 
Nauchtpunck road, 3.50 miles; Hamburg turnpike and Oak- 
land road, 1.70 miles; Paterson and Hamburg turnpike, 3,7J 



410 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

miles; Macopin road, 2.75 miles; Clove road, .88 miles; 
Laurel street and Crosby avenue, .57 miles, a total of 15.37 
miles. 

Salem county is coming to the fore in the construction of 
good roads, having this year constructed the Salem and 
Hancock Bridge road, 1.07 miles; Pedricktown road, 2.18 
miles, and the Elmer and Alloway road, 3.87 miles, thus 
adding 7.12 miles of improved roads to this county's high- 
ways. 

Somerset county, with many miles applied for, confines 
itself to building not more than seven or eight miles each 
year: this year, Conover's Corner and Liberty School 
House road, 3.38 miles, and the Skillman road, 2.50 miles, a 
total of 5.88 miles, constitute Somerset's addition to its 
good road system. 

Sussex, the last county to avail itself of the funds pro- 
vided by the state for road improvement, is this year con- 
structing three small, widely-separated sections of its 
public roads; viz., the Sussex and Newton road, 1.50 miles; 
Stanhope and Newton road, 1.50 miles; Sparta and Newton 
road, i mile, making a total of 4 miles. 

Union county, with virtually all of its leading roads mac- 
adamized, has requested but little aid from the state. One 
of her towns, Cranford, claims state aid, under the Town- 
ship act, for the improvement of Union, Elizabeth, Orange 
and Walnut avenues. 2.14 miles. 

Warren countj^ realizing the advantages of road im- 
provement within its borders, has pushed the work vigor- 
ously during the past year, having improved, under the 
provisions of the State Aid law, the Blairstown road, 1.04 
miles; continuation of the Morris turnpike. 6.33 miles; 
Washington avenue, Belvidere avenue and Broad street 
in Washington, 1.422 miles, a total of 8.792 miles. 

Our law should be so amended that the Boards of Free- 
holders can easily and quickly establish new routes around 
instead of being forced to improve those portions of the old 
roads which. are laid out over high elevations. This sub- 
ject demands special attention at this time, as road im- 
provement is being pushed forward into the more moun- 
tainous sections of our state. The necessity for this 
amendment wull become more and more evident as the 
work progresses. It w^ill soon be evident to the most 
casual observer that the attempt to macadamize roads 
over very steep grades will be a waste of time, money and 
material, and that it will be impossible to maintain in a 
satisfactory condition the roads so constructed. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



411 



NEW JERSEY ELECTION RETURNS. 



OFFICIAL, 1902. 



Atlantic County. 

Congress Assem. Sheriff Surrogate 



^4> JjlJ Sv ^"U ^<u w<u c<u ^^ 

|e^ 1Q -pp:; 13Q :ep^ ^Q «p^ gp 

Absecon City, ist Ward, 19 49 ^^ 48 19 52 21 49 

" 2d Ward, 47 14 5i i4 5° 16 51 14 

Atlantic City — 

ist Ward, ist Precinct, .. 300 107 306 108 296 119 307 100 

ist Ward, 2d Precinct, .. 2/8 86 254 91 237 no 253 91 

ist Ward, 3d Precinct, .. 401 51 406 57 "oo 63 403 59 

2d Ward, ist Precinct, . . 2^(> 65 282 66 260 90 280 66 

2d Ward, 2d Precinct, . . 344 38 3/16 41 3''2 47 348 38 

2d Ward, 3d Precinct, . . 215 37 215 38 196 57 214 zy 

3d Ward, ist Precinct, . . 381 102 321 105 302 123 319 107 

3d Ward, 2d Precinct, . . 429 90 438 93 434 loi 443 88 

3d Ward, 3d Precinct, .. 330 113 335 119 326 128 334 118 

4th Ward, ist Precinct, . . 407 90 409 92 408 93 410 91 

4th Ward, 2d Precinct, .. 437 146 445 151 440 157 446 148 

4th Ward, 3d Precinct, . . 274 80 235 92 274 102 284 91 

4th Ward, 4th Precinct, .. 272 95 282 102 273 no 280 103 

4214 iioo 4274 1155 4188 1300 4321 1143 

Brigantine City, ist Ward, ..7 4 7 4 6 5 7 4 

" 2d Ward, . . 21 521 5 22 421 5 

Beuna Vista Township, 155 80 159 79 161 81 161 ^^ 

Egg Harbor City, 225 107 207 128 169 165 203 131 

" Township, .... 118 114 132 114 121 126 128 117 

Galloway Township, ist Prec, 76 117 (id 123 57 141 76 118 

2d Prec, 54 84 55 83 33 105 55 SI 

Hamilton Towmnship, 2^2 83 285 57 294 "jz 301 58 

Hammonton Twp., ist Prec, 127 39 143 '•o 136 45 143 43 

" 2d Prec, 121 2"] 138 20 126 29 124 29 

lyinwood Borough, 56 36 60 36 53 44 60 36 

Longport Borough, 11 4 11 4 11 4 11 4 

Mullica Township, 72 25 yi> 25 73 25 '/2 25 

Pleasantville Borough, 231 80 234 85 226 97 237 78 

South Atlantic City, 14 12 14 12 21 5 13 13 

Somers Point City, ist Ward, 23 21 2t, 21 16 28 25 19 

" " 2d Ward, 18 26 16 26 9 34 17 26 

Weymouth Township, 46 37 53 36 53 37 48 36 

Total vote in county, .6027 2064 6044 2114 5844 2416 6095 2106 

Plurality, 3963 

Prohibition, 434; Socialist, 24. 



412 ELECTION RETURNS. 



Bergen County. 

Congress , Assembly ^ Surrogate 



Ik |p c« ^« Jc j:o x"^ "^ 

K E o <■ A K p- t: 

Allendale Borough, 78 64 103 80 47 52 83 61 

Bergenfield Borough, 45 86 44 44 86 82 46 85 

Bogota Borough, 39 35 36 35 39 38 33 42 

Carlstadt Borough, 207 220 212 207 216 220 208 219 

Cliffside Park, 60 157 58 69 150 153 62 154 

Cresskill Borough, 48 30 52 52 25 28 52 26 

Delford Borough, 81 67 86 79 62 72 84 66 

Dumont Borough, 68 41 65 68 41 44 68 41 

Englewood, ist Ward, 161 104 163 161 109 103 162 106 

" 2d Ward, 13s 144 120 126 163 147 139 139 

" 3d Ward 151 222 144 146 22^ 226 152 221 

" 4th Ward, 93 151 83 85 160 158 102 141 

540 621 510 518 659 634 555 607 

Englewood Cliffs Borough, .. 16 14 15 16 14 13 16 13 

East Rutherford Borough,... 259 228 267 263 221 225 266 222 

Edgewater Borough, 86 125 82 83 124 132 120 92 

Franklin, 143 115 156 155 106 no 162 103 

Fairview Borough, 106 103 108 130 89 90 in 99 

Garfield Borough, 160 265 235 235 194 195 234 194 

Glenrock Borough, 44 66 47 47 62 62 52 57 

Harrington, ist District, .... 198 193 201 206 187 193 202 192 

2d District, .... 84 95 84 85 9^ 95 84 95 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough,. 179 58 178 176 55 55 181 54 

Hillsdale, 122 59 127 125 54 56 141 40 

Hohokus, 224 126 236 231 116 118 228 123 

Lodi 38 51 37 38 52 SI 39 5° 

Lodi Borough, 142 164 176 177 130 136 178 130 

Little Ferry Borough, 67 56 67 66 57 57 66 57 

Leonia Borough, 92 52 89 99 55 48 94 51 

Midland, loi 63 106 102 62 66 106 60 

Midland Park Borough, 73 113 113 90 98 yj 88 100 

Maywood Borough, 32 64 40 33 60 63 60 38 

Montvale Borough, 45 29 47 43 28 ^2 53 22 

Xew Barbadoes, ist Ward, . . 140 264 145 145 258 261 154 253 

" 2d Ward, . . 187 328 196 192 310 340 202 312 

" 3d Ward, . . 27,3 191 229 . 204 178 241 231 196 

" 4th Ward, . 230 155 231 223 148 172 238 150 

" 5th Ward, . 67 78 60 62 yy 90 69 y6 

857 1016 861 826 971 1104 894 987 

North Arlington Borough, ... 18 22 17 18 22 22 20 20 

Oakland Borough, 40 43 41 41 42 42 42 41 

Old Tappan Borough, 11 41 11 11 41 41 10 40 

Orvil 87 90 loi 100 75 76 97 79 

Overpeck, 195 138 201 218 121 128 211 124 

Palisades, 38 60 38 36 57 59 38 54 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



413 



Bergen County — Continued. 

Congress r Assembly- 



Surrogate 



H \i ^-& 2& li A .% .s| 

Palisades Park Borough, .... 52 53 50 47 51 53 57 45 

Park Ridge Borough, 65 98 71 69 92 97 74 88 

Ridgefield, 170 221 173 167 220 223 183 206 

Ridgefield Borough, 56 59 66 84 31 47 81 34 

Ridgewood, ist District, 17^ 88 180 174 85 82 173 87 

" 2d District, 197 95 213 202 87 80 200 91 

Riverside Borough, 58 52 58 57 53 53 54 57 

Rutherford Boro., ist Dist., . 257 116 261 257 115 117 257 118 

" 2d Dist., . 294 127 311 310 116 117 306 117 

Saddle River, 107 173 112 113 \'^o 173 106 176 

Saddle River Borough 61 36 69 67 30 30 75 21 

Teaneck, 89 48 90 90 46 51 91 45 

Tenafly Borough, 157 i^q 169 158 135 130 163 133 

Union, 106 125 108 108 124 123 127 106 

Upper Saddle River Borough, 12 25 12 12 25 25 13 24 

Washington, 38 86 43 41 81 87 47 79 

Wallington Borough, "jy 149 105 105 no no 105 no 

Westwood Borough, 80 104 86 83 98 loi 82 103 

Woodcliffe Borough, 20 36 20 19 36 36 21 35 

Woodridge, 55 29 54 53 29 31 56 29 

Total vote in county, .6746 6625 7098 7018 6247 6435 7255 6143 

Plurality, 121 

Prohibition, 142; Socialist, 342; Social-L,abor, 115. 



414 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



Burlington County. 

Congress , Assembly- 



Sheriff 



4>. — ' '-'.J^. 'r- «i- -• Cr- 

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Bass River, 42 59 46 38 75 81 38 82 

Beverly City, 295 137 302 302 137 134 302 136 

Beverly Township, 174 83 183 181 78 80 185 76 

Bordentown, ist District, ... 226 96 251 253 121 115 263 107 

2d District, ... 155 159 157 157 173 167 169 157 

'■ 3d District, ... 87 106 92 83 124 123 92 115 

468 361 500 493 418 405 524 379 

Bordentown Township, 41 zy 43 46 28 2"] 48 24 

Burlington, ist Ward, 188 123 182 175 124 147 195 124 

" 2d W'd., ist Dis., 141 91 143 145 96 94 143 91 

" 2d W'd., 2d Dis., 151 91 151 149 93 89 153 91 

" 3d Ward, 214 178 217 213 176 180 222 173 

" 4th Ward, 202 115 203 209 119 118 212 115 

896 598 896 891 608 628 925 594 

Burlington Township, 107 36 108 102 41 30 109 34 

Chester, East, 215 53 212 211 59 54 215 55 

West, 182 62 190 188 63 63 186 66 

Chesterfield, 109 51 113 113 49 49 114 47 

Cinnaminson, ist District, ... 162 50 168 162 48 49 165 50 

" 2d District, ... 71 70 99 70 59 52 72 69 

Delran, 57 53 45 56 61 52 59 50 

East Hampton, 61 29 59 59 31 31 65 25 

Evesham, 138 91 140 138 90 90 142 88 

Fieldsboro, 65 47 66 66 50 48 66 49 

Florence, 260 115 231 222 164 113 259 119 

Lumberton, 150 48 153 153 45 45 153 45 

Manstield, 173 122 177 178 133 134 183 131 

Medford, 216 115 213 213 117 117 214 no 

Mount Laurel 128 38 125 127 39 40 128 39 

New Hanover, 118 117 120 120 118 118 120 117 

Northampton, ist District, .. 298 76 305 303 76 79 336 51 

2d District, .. 197 75 199 200 76 "jy 229 51 

3d District, .. 316 82 316 314 86 87 353 59 

811 2ZZ 820 817 238 243 918 161 

Palmyra Borough, 278 loi 309 288 93 93 295 102 

Pemberton Borough, 116 57 121 118 57 57 124 55 

Pemberton Township, 216 52 215 215 52 52 219 49 

Riverside 244 167 233 231 181 171 248 164 

Shamong 61 59 63 63 57 57 62 57 

Southampton, 246 150 246 244 151 151 258 138 

Springfield, 105 96 109 109 93 92 103 99 

Tabernacle, 62 36 61 61 36 36 61 34 

Washington, 76 17 yy yy \y 17 y-j 17 

Westampton 67 17 67 67 18 18 62 23 

Willingboro, 44 31 44 44 31 32 45 30 

Woodland, 38 29 38 38 29 29 39 28 

Total vote in county, .6492 3407 6592 6501 3564 3488 6783 3342 

Plurality 3085 

Prohibition, 689; Socialist, 40. 



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420 ELECTION l^ETURNS. 



Cape May County. 

t — Congress — ^ Assembly Surrogate 



n 



cd .=• A 6 'go, «S Sd h6 



u^ -SQ -^ S« ^Q |« gQ 

O O O O K^, K PL| 

Anglesea, 38 16 2 41 16 37 19 

Avalon, 19 8 ••• 21 6 21 6 

Cape May City 354 146 38 367 iSi 328 166 

Dennis, ist Precinct, 135 123 11 103 169 142 126 

2d Precinct, 121 54 17 126 58 128 52 

Holly Beach, 138 35 9 144 37 I39 4i 

Lower Township, 176 69 20 162 86 179 70 

Middle Township, ist Precinct, ... 201 71 11 202 71 218 55 

" 2d Precinct, ... 94 63 15 100 63 102 59 

Ocean City, ist Ward, 176 22 30 189 25 181 23 

" 2d Ward, 158 38 12 170 34 165 38 

Sea Isle, 71 41 2 62 50 73 40 

Upper Township, 166 37 30 183 34 181 z^ 

Wildwood, 54 24 3 58 25 58 25 

West Cape May, 100 27 27 112 22 104 29 

South Cape May, 12 12 ... 12 ... 

Total vote in county, 2013 774 227 2052 847 2068 785 

Plurality, 1239 

Socialist, 12. 



ELECTION RETURNS. • 



421 



Cumberland County. 

Congress , Assembly v Sheriff 





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City of Bridgeton — 


















ist Ward, 


. . . 282 


246 
IIO 


279 

144 


280 


263 
119 


251 
112 


180 


36? 


2d Ward, ist Precinct, 


... 149 


146 


lOI 


163 


2d Ward, 2d Precinct, 


... 179 


141 


180 


175 


123 


117 


1.56 


141 


3d Ward, ist Precinct, 


. . . 246 


129 


243 


248 


143 


130 


213 


171 


3d Ward, 2d Precinct, 


... 19s 


117 


186 


174 


152 


122 


158 


161 


4th Ward, 1st Precinct, 


... 237 


102 


225 


234 


130 


103 


171 


180 


4th Ward, 2d Precinct, 


. . . 169 


108 


179 


176 


114 


109 


137 


157 


5th Ward 


. . . 22"? 


129 


223 


223 

i6s6 


137 


129 


81 


277 








1680 


1082 


1659 


1181 


1.073 


II97 


1612 


City of Millville— 


















1st Ward, ist Precinct, 


... 215 


123 


207 


213 


122 


129 


191 


140 


ist Ward, 2d Precinct, 


... 215 


74 


220 


221 


71 


73 


184 


103 


2d Ward, 


- . . 2(l6 


91 
106 


250 
170 


239 
168 


107 
109 


1 00 


204 
130 


136 

146 


3d Ward, ist Precinct, 


... 168 


107 


3d Ward, 2d Precinct, 


... 117 


177 


117 


116 


115 


118 


88 


146 


4th Ward, 


. . . 30=; 


123 


315 


314 


126 


121 


227 


197 








1266 


694 


1279 


1271 


650 


648 


1024 


868 


Borough of Vineland — 


















ist Precinct, 


... 210 


96 
92 


226 


223 
245 

468 


96 
97 


96 
89 


208 


119 

112 


2d Precinct, 


. . . 240 


236 
462 


231 




459 


188 


193 


185 


439 


231 


Landis Township, ist Prec 


;.,.. 92 


45 


100 


94 


40 


45 


79 


61 


" 2d Prec 


;.,. . 100 


25 


100 


102 


25 


25 


103 


28 


" 3d Prec 


;.,.. 118 


102 


123 


121 


94 


97 


114 


108 


4th Pr< 


;c.,. 70 


50 


66 


69 
386 


53 
212 


50 


54 


65 




380 


222 


389 


217 


350 


262 


Deerfield Twp., ist Prec, 


... 69 


141 


77 


78 


143 


143 


n 


150 


" 2d Prec, 


•• • 137 


80 


133 


133 


83 


81 


85 


141 


Downs Twp., ist Prec, 


•• • 95 


86 


97 


93 


90 


90 


115 


81 


2d Prec, 


... 84 


42 


82 


8=; 


42 


42 


91 


43 


Commercial Twp., ist Prec 


;., . 181 


55 


184 


178 


56 


56 


167 


75 


" 2d Prec 


•, • 93 


51 


94 


91 


51 


51 


98 


49 


Maurice River Tp., ist P 


rec, -jj 


20 


79 


79 


22 


21 


77 


24 


2d P 


rec, 132 


84 


133 


130 


86 


8s 


140 


79 


Stowe Creek Township, . 


... 92 


42 


92 


92 


43 


42 


86 


51 


Hopewell Township, .... 


... 165 


1 1 1 


16:; 


i6s 


114 


114 


161 


125 


Greenwich Township, . . . 


... 163 


61 


166 


167 


6^ 


62 


145 


87 


Fairfield Township, 


. . . 180 


116 


179 
182 


181 


"5 
148 


"5 
149 


128 


173 

172 


Lawrence Township, .... 


... 181 


145 


183 


181 



Total vote, 5434 3220 5452 5436 3292 3174 4561 4223 

Plurality, 2214 

Prohibition, 973; Socialist, 123. 



422 



ELSCTION RETURNS. 






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ELECTION RETURNS. 



423 



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c3 c^ Cu cti c^ cd rt 



'O "T^ •-r) "^ "Td "T^ T3 T^ 



■73 13 "0 13 "0 13 TS 
ti )-. W. 1-, !i Vi li 
c^ c^ c^ cd cC rt cd 



ci3t/3cn(«t/i(/3cnai 



•^ 'O 'O "^ 13 13 "^ 13 

C^CMCMCMCMCMCMCM 



13 13 T^ 13 TiJ 13 13 
CO CO CO CO <o fO r^ 



424 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



S 

u 

6 

U 

I 



ei 
w 

W 

L 



•uiaa 
'uosuinoy 



'uijiOH 



•uiaa 



'zjua^ 



O O \0 <N 00 - Ov 
rj fO N fJ c^ c^ 1-1 



in o t^\0 00 ro to 
►H n 1-1 1-1 D c^ >-i 



•1 N C>) 1-1 11 w « 



^Ni-i-it^c^OrOi-i 



f<roOO\-i>Oi-i>-' 
^ 0\ IT) io\o O 0\ ui vn 

fi-iiii-ii-iri 1-11-11-1 



rot^O>-iVOOO'<t 
if.vovo i-i rNOO ■* ts.00 

^►H«M(V|i-rnM« 



i-MnO'J''Nu-)"-'0 
O ~ « t^ rx t^>0 CO 

2^P4(\li-i«i_'-ic>< 



Oi fO ''J 1-1 1-1 t^ 11 



11 lO N O II •* t^ 



•luaa 
's?IFA\ 



•uiaa 



■o 


- 


V 


3 


3 "-S 


c s "'^a 


- o 'Miuus 


C 




O j^ 






>» w 


*• n 


3 ^ 




!3 -uiaQ 


O 


'J3[;na 


O 




4) 


•U[3(J 


(0 
«9 


'PI!H3 


UJ 


i^ 



1.^ ro lO rj- tx^ O 'N 11 
nnnuMM OvHi-ii-iiiiiMiiii 






•5- -f- ir> IT) t^io 0\ " n 



"g^ fO CO ■*vo ■* « o ■* 



''sh Tf »o T}- r^VO 0\ 1-1 •-' 



f^i 10 10 -^ txOO c^ tx 1 
g> PO <^ ■>4-^ ■* N O Tj- 

'-'^llWllllllWllll 



ONM^tMtHlIll 



°0 rooo n i^CO^ O 
^C TfO)o,-iiO 

i^pjiiNiiiiwii 






00 <*5oo <N Tj-oo\o o 
ooOT^^^o\l1l10 

Oc^iiO|iiii>iii 



i^OOii-f^OiiiiiOv 

O N 11 D M H H 



•^ ^ 0\ n 11 o 



Q '-' S" 

S N 1 



000 o o u y 

CO t/5 tf) 03 03 (n (/) 

qqq(5qqq 
"tfl 'd Ts "S ■£ ■£ "S 



00 000000 

'Cu'n'u'Cti'u'u 

(/3cn(«(/)t/)(/)cnco 

1-, D CO Tt U-,V3 J>,00 



0000000 

03 tn 0; (/) t/5 tn (/) 

QCCCOCQ 



w cj CT) ^ u vo i^ 



*0 "O T3 'O t^ 'O "^ 

U Ui U U Ih U !-• 

I Cj Cd C^ Cu CO Cd CTj 

j^^ ,^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

]l*-> «)*J-U+JJ-1*J 



'T3'd'T-j'CT3'T3'0'D 
ut-.i:;u;-ui.,ii 



"O "CO 'O "n "O "O 

w. u d u u ;_ u 
c3 r3 ct c3 rt C3 r3 
>>>>>>> 



'CC T3 T3 "T^ 'O 'U 
c^ f') f . fo ^O ^^ *^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



425 






Tt-iDN MOO Thosov 

Tf t^ rf 00 00 00 w •* 

t-i l-l M CS 0) t-( M 



<\) 00 VO fO t^ >>• IT) 

^00 0\ '-' 00 ° \o 

"^ l-l W l-l M " 1-1 



\0 0\lO'^*''t^fOi-i lO 






\O00 l^<*« OVO C^ro 

Tf cq ■*oo O\oo i-i IT) 

M M M 0< C^ HH (H 



•noo ON " o ° \o 
IT"- « " N " - 






•d3^ 



•d3^ 

'9MOJJ 



voin'<4-M00 1-1 0\t^ 

Tj- C>« rJ-OOOOOO " lO 
M w 11 C^ n iH 1-1 



Tl- M -"too 00 00 (M VO 

1-1 1-1 1-1 CN c^ M M 



v., ^s to ■^ O *^ M 

'jj-oo o\ 1-1 a\ o v£, 



*^U 0\ C^ t— I 1-^ 1—1 / 



M-) O 00 fO^ 00 lO lO rj- 

toNi-<-<j-»no<NiNio 

CNNi-iwC^Cqf<5P0i-i 



1^ o 00 lo t>.vo o\ fq Tj- 
OsHi-i'-i^ttSfOfOiH 



•d9-ji 



•d3^ 
's;uBjqEJiaBQ 



Tf C^ ■^OOCOOO " IT) 
1-1 1-1 1-1 M C\) •-< w 



■^00 \0 fO tx f^ (V( 

^00 ON 1-1 00 o vo 

fTl 1-1 I-I 1-1 M " M 



VO ir)Tj-M00 mO\t-^ >r^00 \0 <^1 vo J> (^1 
■5^ cq Ti-oo 00 00 >-■ lo '^oo 0\ iH 00 o VO 

IHMM INC>4l-ll-l fOMl-ltHwl-lM 



(Vl OMO io"0 t^ tx 0\ -* 
"^>-ci-iro>oOwi-ivo 

0\MMMC)(N)f<5rOi-i 



H O >n Th'O VO lo O lo 
>O(SmP01OOw0)iO 
OvNmwNC^CO<*5i-i 



•uiaa 
'^^SIIB^J 



^ 01 -^ 0\ 0\ to 1-1 

'■') n O lO O w VO 

J~; (N M i-< p) ts cs 



Oir)-^0JO\cqi-<Of^ 
^ Tt r^ ^00 VO NO M »o 
r^Ji-iCSi-i'-'NtNiC^'-i 



•da^ 
'aajpqoBa 



O\iN00i-ii-iOO\>n >^ rooo m vo lO i-i 

<o (Ni cooo oot^^-lT^ cnmoo"-^ono 

WMl-l (NlNl-ll-lM^(Sl-ii-i<N|Ml-i 



■^ (N) CO t-NOO o rxoo Th 

!;r>oi-io)i^ooNO-* 

gO)MM(N)(s)0)(r5w 



•luaa 



t-^ t^OO NO 1-1 <N1 

■* On lOVO 1-1 vo 
M M „ M M C^4 



•d3^ 






M M H M W CNl 



11 0) VO 00 ONOO NO o 
fO lN,VO 00 >o ■^ ■-■ ■^ 

M(N|1-1W(MNCN)M 



•d3^ 



vo Tj- Tt H ovoo o :>> 
■* cq ■<too 00 t^ cq xn 

M IH W Cq M 11 1-1 



_o (j_y o o <j (J o 



o u o (J o o 



^ Vi V) If) Cfi tfi 



'nnfOlOOnnto 

•!SiiiiC^CN)rocoii 



O U O O 0_(J o_o 
'n'li'u"vH'j-'tH'l-.'l-i 



(«tnc/)cA)t/]t/3cn(/i 



PQQQQQQQ QQQQQQ QQQQQQPQ 



,^^ j^^ 



wsiSi;iIi;-,u.Vh 
^ '^ '^"^"'^ -t'^^'^'^^- 



cn t3 T3 4-1 T! -1-1 
n O) ro -T lovo 

"O t3 t3 13 "O t3 
ii !i ;^ ;_ U ti 
rt cd rt 03 c3 03 



rtrtrtrtrtrtnjrt 



^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ 



-t-) +-» +j -^ -*-» +-» 

lO to lO to u^ to 



vovpvovpvoNpNpNg 



426 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•uiaa 



►,«««-, c< 



K, r^ irt t^ ■-■ to M 

■-. (N i-i •-■ N N f< 



vr> 0\ CO PO Tt-OO ■*00 O 
"^ ri txVO 00 lO ■rf O ■* 

rni-icji-ii^ojc^Mi-i 






►- tv rx ON fo (^t "". 0\ 
vo 00 N c) moo CO to 
M ►- « « « N 



p<-. In. lOOO Tf ro ~ 
i-i ■^ Ov u-,\0 - ^ 
I"" rj 1-1 >-< M M rj 



"^ fo tvo oo "^ •* o fo 



•uiaa 



►H « tt M « N 



,. (^ IT) tx to N «n 

►^ •* 0\ >o\0 1-1 >o 
►~, (S 1-1 11 N cs <s 



(V) N t^vO 00 >o •<t o •* 
ivj „ C) 1-1 1-1 M fj ^) 1-1 



'uuBqg 



'UBUI33Jj[ 



I-, d 1-. 1-1 M fq 



rvjOO IT) o <s fJ ^^ 

•-< N ii 11 N t^ N 



"vi ro t>s O VO «0 w 
~< N w « P« N O 



•■O "^f t^^ 00 "1 rf O ■* 

tv-, noiiiiit^ncs" 



O 0\ " COOO 11 M U-, tx 
ivj ^^ t>>\0 txVO ■* O <0 
tv^«Mnii(^MCJii 



■o 
o 

3 
C 
"+» 

c 
o 
O 



c 

3 
O 

O 

X 
a> 
«) 

(0 

UJ 



'pio^ 



•d3^ 

'pxoa 



•d3^ 



Tj- tS -^X 00 00 " "1 
n n n C< C* I " 



Tf (~) Tj-X X X ~ >o 

HI" CJ <S H M 



txiO"*0 txtoO\tx 

•* PI ■^X X X 1 lO 

11 « 1-1 (^ P» II n 



'dS'JT txrnn nX IOC. m 

, *J- ■* <N< -ri-X X X " lO 

'SUIEII[l^Y « « « p, (s « « 



•d3)i 



\0 lo Tj- n X lO 0s"0 
■* rq Tj-xxx - m 



'O „ X il « MM 



2-x vo M vo *^ " 
^x o\ p-x o^ 

L^ M M H H ^ H 



Oj O lO 10\0 lOX 1 fO 
l/j(v)iifOlOO>ifllO 

C\<s>i'i^)rqfOfO'i 



1.^ O lO to •<t">DX " >o 
ir^NiifOiOOiiMiO 
OtMMiCqCJCOfO" 



►i Ov >o lo lo vox 1 >o 

"OnnCOtOOiMlO 

O^C-)>i«MNrOfO>i 



00\»o»OP»lxO'i>o 

JO„iiCOlOOiiMlO 
^0)iiiiC><MrofOii 



T>iiiij»5VOOiiP<lO 
^^!NiiiiC»NfOfO« 



U U O U O V OU 
' t. ' !- ' I. ' C V- Ji " '^ ' t- 

n f^ CO Tj- io\0 txX 

^ ^ ^ ^ ,^ ^ ^^ 



■n'cn'n'n'c 

tn t/i 05 «) tn t/i 



(/) TS T3 •;: •;p ■!; 

n C4 CO -^ LOVQ 

13 13 "O "O "O "O 
u v< u ^ ^ Ui 

rt rt rt rt rt rt 



o o o o u.u y_o 

'u "u'u'Cu li Wi'd 



cnt/)tnin(/itnino5 



paa;:;Ga PQca:;GQQ 






lO u"/ *0 vf. ir, Lo 



H- N CO Tt \r.\c> t^.X 

T3'c3'T3'0'OT3'Ot3 

Ul>liV'l..lilili 

>>>>>>>> 



\O^OvOvO\pvpvpN? 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



427 



U 



o 
U 



w 

L 















Tj- 1^ lo 0\^ VO lo tx 

w n w w >-i N 



Tt (v< Tj-OO 00 00 n irj 

M M W N N W M 



00 00 fo^ t^ t^ o f^ 

00 00 f^ f^oo M- Tf M 

MMl-ll-li-iMMlH 



VO >-" >/l "100 O N 00 

M M Hi CS ^) »-< '-' 



o\ " \o oi -^ CO N 
;;-- rj M „ p, (^ 04 



^}oo o\ "00 o ^ 



. 00 o o\ fo o ""^ 

^ <N M w N N 0) 



o M o\ w 00 *^ 

C>) 11 M M „ i-i 









V ^ t^OO fC\0 00 LO lO 

^J-i_,c^Moq(srocqi-i 



^ 00 o <^ <^ o -"too o 

,Vq^i-cmOO\i-iIOtJ- 



•m3Q 



O »^ »0 0\ M •* «O00 
"OOO 04 <N <»>00 rO "1 

l-H l-H l-( H tH C) 



O tv» fo p-f Tf 1-1 cq 
H cq 11 1-1 M N 04 



Oo 0\ >-l Tj- Tj-OO fO lO o 

"Nj cq r^vo 00 "1 ■* o ■^ 

iv^i-HCSi-iMCNMNi-i 






o t^ lo o\ f^ •<d- moo 

VOOO Cq (^ rOOO fO lO 



O ro On 04 N 1-1 

■^ 0\ lO Tj- 11 \o 

M w n M (S M 



O 0) t^^ 00 "I ■* O fO 
rOii(^iiwP4P4(Mii 



■^ d 






'aaAiiO 



•luaa 



•UISQ 



O t^ lo a\ (V) rf moo 
\0 00 0) tv) rooo <^ m 

H., M M >H H 04 



O (N. lO 0\ 11 fO "100 

>0 00 ^ N COOO f^ "1 

HI M 11 11 W Cq 



O I-x "1 0\ M 01 "100 
VO OO 0) 01 roOO <^ "1 

l-l M M H U 04 



•* I^ "1 On ■*\0 "1 t^ 
VO 00 04 M roOO <*5VO 

H M M H M C< 



Tl- Tj- On O " M 

■^ Ol "1^ H "1 

0) M II 04 C4 04 



Oo W txOO -"J- 00 04 
O 1* 0\ "TO M VO 
!-< 04 11 w 04 01 04 



Oo l^ "100 -"d- 00 w 
O Tj- 0\ in\o " VO 
|-^ 01 w w 04 04 04 



^ l^"100 •<1- 01 11 
t^ ■* 0\ "IVO " VO 
K, 01 M w 04 01 01 



O 0\ 00 04 moo 01 tv. o 

J^ 01 l^VOOO lO -^ O Tt 
r»ii01iiiiOl0401ii 



N 0\ 00 fO ro l-^ 0OM3 O 
■<* 01 r^vo 00 "1 •* O •* 
r»lii01iiiiOlf404ii 



oo t^ 00 fOVO 00 <^ 1^ <"» 
"^ 01 t^vo 00 lO •* O Tj- 
[Oi-,04iiii0l0404ii 



5>O\rO'*"lt^04 1^04 
r2 <^ t^\0 OO "1 Tl- O rf 
.'ii01MiiOl04CVlii 



OOOOOOOO 






O OO O _o o 



Xfi ^ ^ \fl ITi ^ 



oooooooo 



c/i(/2cnc/5t/]c/ic/)(/) 



PQQQQQQQ QQQQQQ OQQQGCOQ 



w 04 oo Tj- m>o r^co 



uj Td "d ";:; "^S "j^ 

w 01 CO tJ- lt.vo 

13 "O X! tS ^3 TJ 

Vh Lh Ii (h Ii Si 

c^ oj rt 03 rt rt 

^^^^^^ 

-11 +-» 4-1 4-J +J +J 
IT) "1 "1 in U-. lO 



11 01 ro Tt invo 1^00 

'^'Td'd'C'cJ'd'd'O 

l.,l-,V-,W<l_)HtHlH 

^^^^^^^^ 
rCi -C .^ ^ ji: ^ /:: ^ 
vOVO\Ovo\£)VO^\0 



42S 






ELECTION RETURNS. 



►HO) «r^M>H "^rocON — Mi-iflt^ 



t^OO M "1 lO tx Tj- Yr> fO 






'i- '■) r) n (^ rovo O 

-" f* " M M i-t 



o t^ o o >- ►- r^ u*-vo « 

'^jOOOOfOi-.'^Ot^" 
[n ro Tt n -1 f) 1-1 f) N « 



"v^t^M OvooO 1- ■*!-■ 
X30\>-i>-i«tx«-^»i-) 

r;Mc»5fO«oNP<p<i-i 



'uAvojg 



■d3H 



11 c^ i-i ^) ^ 11 



CTi <^ fO M T}-\0 >/1VO 
1-1 ri >-i CS M "-1 



iTN O "-" O i-i irt^O i-i fC I 
r^;00 O O ro « -It - 00 . 
r^ f*? ■'f CO 1-1 N 1-1 P) P) 1 



oo O >-< O O rrt\0 1-1 Tj- 
^gOOOO'^■-l•*'-00 
'~OfO-^rOi-'C^i-iMM 



t^O\i-.i-iPl(xi-irJ-ir) 



ts,0»« 1-1 ro«^i-i -^ in 
*"< MPOf^roNNfli-. 



•d3^ 



0\ ro ro t~l in\o "^00 
t-x rooo cs t>. PI 1-1 Ov 

w t^ « 01 CI >H 



1^ >-■ N 1-1 O rovo 1-1 Tt « 
'■'^OO OO<*5«Tl-w00'-i 
'~'1cO-^fOi-'C<'-i<NC^i-i 



0\" POOlOrffOrJ-fO 

>~i ro f»5 po po M n CI 1-1 



'S^UBiqBJJEQ 



O ro PO ^ rj-^o lOVO 
t^ POOO CI t^ CI " o\ 
1-1 CI « M M 1-1 



oo OCO 0\ O TtMD 1-1 ■^00 

Pjoo o\o\fOi-i ■^i-ioo o 
'■ocoroMi-ir)i-.c<ci>H 



O OiCioOint^'^ir, r^ 
J^O\>-i'-<cirs.i-<Tfu-) 

^i C) CO c^ CO CJ CI c» M 



^ r 

O CO 

O I 



•uiaa 
'qosiiE;^ 



•d3^ 
'ao^pqoBa 



■*oooci\o^o 

>-iC|C|i-iCl>-ii-i>-< 



"i- CO o CI covo rf Tl- 
t^ COCO CI ri- o ►^ 0\ 
"CI M n CI « 



"O vo O "^J- 0\ CI ii-> irjvo 00 
^ lOOO 0\ CI ►-. ^ O tN. o 
^^ COCOC^i-iCli-iMCIi-i 



•£> VO t^ O 1-1 t^ 0\ covo CK 

g00O\O>-ivOOCOTl- ^ 
n;ciOcooOMCIC<i-i g 



C 
3 
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<u 

0) 

(/) 

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•uiaa 



•d3^ 



•*0 O t^txTj-i-ivo 

OS O 0\ c^ Os\0 Tfvo 



\0 lAfO'-'OO torj-co 
Ovi-i„Nt^„,j.i/, 
CJfOCOCOPICIPlw 






O 0\ t^ O \0 rx ir>\o 
" CI COCO O ■* Os CO 
i-MMi-iClMi-iM 



OOOCJi-i^-iot^CI'OtN 
•<1- ■-■ 1-1 



•d3^ 



CO lO CO CI 0\ Tf lOOO 
t^ COOO CI VO M 1-1 0\ 
>-< CI 11 C| C| 1-1 



'J O O U tj O 'J o 

'u'n'Cu'n'si'u''-. 

QQQQQQQQ 



"O 


"^ 


TT-a-TS-rJ-aTJ' 


^1 


ii 


u 


u 


Vh l> Ih 


w 


rt 


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03 


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^ 


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^ 


^ 


^ 


ji^x; 


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fe rxi^t^txt^t^txt^ 



T*-vO \Ot^t>.OiiiiCJ\ii 

Cj t^O\0\C| H Tj-11 I^H 

"^COCOCInCliiCIClM 



ocjo'ouoyoo 

U C U li I. U U l- Ui 



'C t- C 1- u u T) u 
cncntn(/)u5(/)05</) 



l-.UIit-ik'liiiUU 

r3rtc3c3c^rtc3cJrt 
>>>>>>>>> 

oooocooooooooooooo 



. -^ -^ -^ j= x; .i: tn 73 Ta +3 ■£ "5 "5 "S 

" CI CO ■* mvo 1^00 

'O "^ '^ '^ '^ "^ '^ "O 

lltldUll-lllllkH 

4_>^14_»^->4-J.*_l-*-»4-l 

0\dO\OvOsC\^9^ 



i^LECTlON RETURNjS. 



429 



•uiaa 



0\ O CO O O\r^iot^ 

O fO COOO On 't 0\ ro 



<Oi-^ioOro'-iOMOr^ 



ex 01 ro^O fO "~J ro Q j^ 
<M C^ O CO ro ChVO \t-vo 

t^ l-H - M 



•uiaa 



0\0 t-^o\o t^>j->r>. 

O ro rooO 0\ Tl- 0\ ro 



O ro^^>0^00 0) o In. 
r2 <^ O 00 ro OVO -"tvo 






Osi-ii^OOVOtOto 
O ro rooO O Tj- CTi ro 



'v^i-i'tOWi-HOroot-^ 
'"'-. 0\vo 00 ro O t^vo to tNx 



60Tj-OV£)rotN.r^ot^ 
•^ 0\ O 00 ro 0\^ -^vo 



O 



•lUSQ 



'UBUI33JJ 



O O 00 O O t^vo In. 
►H ro rooO O -^ ON ro 
mC^MmOImi-ii-i 



ro ro U-) o 0\V0 ^ •* 
M ro rooO 0\ Tj- 0\ ro 

wOitSl-.tHMI-ll-, 



oo l^tNO M t^w O\rot^ 
ro 0^\0 00 ro ro t^vo tx t^ 



ro ■* w ^ VO ^00 0^ 00 
O ON O 00 ro OnvO Tl-vo 



1^1 Loo^O n n rOMoo 
■■O 0\ O 00 ro 0\^ ■^VO 

t^ l-l l-H 



'pjo-[ 



0\ ro ro M rt\o u-i t^ 
t^ rooO 01 t^ rq M On 

MM M 01 M M 



CXOmOOOOIVOm^i-. 
r^iiX)00\ro>-i^wcOtH 
[^'ro^olMOiwMMM 



rv^X 00 00 TtcO ro lO ro 
^NONOl-lOl^NW■^^/^ 
t^ojcororoMMMi-i 



<1 



'pXog 



ONTfroM poioir>t^ 

tx COOO 0) t^ O) n ON 
11 t\| M Cq 01 1-1 



Oo 0\ "00 O Tf^O o ^ 
<> J^O OsrO" -^"00 
roro-^04M04wO)0) 



roOO w 00 XT) 0\ rf IT) ro 
t^ONl-l'-'Mt^l-l'^LO 

*-'OirorOrooiolO)M 



•d3^ 



On 01 ro 01 ro>0 ^n tN 
f^ rooO 0) t^ 0) M On 
11 N M 0) 01 w 



t^ O M o o fOVO w Tt 
;^00 O O ro- ^«00 
>.,^'fo-^roi-iMp-io)oj 



NQOO ^^O lOtNTl-ioro 

'^ON^n►H0)^Nl-l•T^lo 

J^, c>)rororoO)0)Ni-i 



•d3^ 

«suiBiinA\ 



VO ■* ro 0) Tl-O ID t^ 
t^ rooO M t^ 0) M 0\ 
M o^ iH 0) cs n 



I^POi-i OvOl Qvo tJ-Oni 
J^ t^ ON On rooO t)- o in , 
^/rocoo^t-,i-.HOqM, 



OvONMMOlfNOTflOl ^ 

9o)torccoo)MO<i-i r 



•d3^ 
'n3A\JEqs 



t^ Tf CO I-I Tt ■* 10\0 

t^ rooO 01 t^ 0) 1-1 On 

1-1 0) M o< 01 M 



^ 1-1 M w On Tt^ o Tt 
^CC O O 04 -. ^ I-, 00 
K.i'cOTl-roi-1 0) 1-1 01 04 



oooo >-i -^mONCOtoro 
^Onm 1-1 01 ^Nl-l -^lo 
(TIOirooorooioqMiH 



_o_o W.W.tJ O O O 

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_o_o O O O O O CJ o 

1-, 1.,'sh i_"i_"cc'n'n 



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431 






lO" N t-^ m m O t-^ 

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432 



ELECTION RETURNS. 






00 t^OO ^ •-• f»500 00 0\ f^ tO\0 f^O'-vOfO— O tn 1D06 ^ — f^ 

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ELECTION RETURNS. 



43S 



1 
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28 



434 



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^^H f^ "^OO ^ n t^ ro Tt "^ «^ 



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■HI3Q ooovovo t^\o T^ i-c \o o\ 



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^^ ir. m (T. <n If) iTj m tn'j^ 
03 "C "C^ '^ '^ "^ 'Xi; "^ o 

M C) fO -^ ir.^ ts^OO ON >-i 






>-< lOt^txlOlOCJ o OvOv 

rovo VOO-^OCOCOOO 

^i-ii-iOwC<01NMC) 



i^J. lO ls» lO lOVO CO 01 0\ o\ 

co\0 vOOtJ-Ococooo 

^-^ — Mi_C101010101 



Ov lO t>» lO lOVO CO ^ 00 00 
^VO ^o-^OcocoOO 

rS^i-11-.PlwOICJOlOlOl 



?0 -TO M lO lO N CO 0» 0\ 

g.\0 VOOrj-OCOCOOO 
d 01 01 M N 



■^M Z, 



^ >o t^ lo lovo CO I-I f^ r^ 

^VO OOTfOcooOO 
^i-.mO1i-.O1O1O101C< 



oooooooyo 

u 1- 1. 1. ccc"n"n 

V) (n 'A (/) (T. r/i (/) (,; „) 

ccSqSSScp 

1-1 01 CO ^ u-.vo t-^OO 0\ 

T) "O "^ rs "O "73 TTTr "TS 

1-i^^l.l.U.S-l-lwti 






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■^■^■^■i^'t'^Tt-^Tf 



436 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



O 

6 
U 






UUaoH n n „ - '1 ri D - ^ « 






O - c' 0^ moo J^ N i^ n 



J:;^, « in « ii r» noo o O 

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1^ m<o rx "* •* <^ CMM oo 
-^ « « r^ i-i (>< CI f 1 M (S 



>i^ ■^ 0> l>.*0 CO >- ri 0\ 0\ 






'-TTii-,^ »^ t^ti. ^ Ov ^ O 00 r< VO 



x;00O>n"4->-''*'-iiO>O 
«^ioroc>>fOtxri\ooOOO 



'silFA\ 



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3 
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l; 



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3 < 
O 

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CO 
CO 

111 



•TTI3/T ^ r^\o >o i^^o ■* - 00 00 



•rasa 



•uiaa 

'J3AI10 



■'^oo M 00 fo o J^oo Tj- «i- 

C< M M 11 ts N 



:?" 



5>oo Noo f< o r^o\-<}-Ti- 

;i>i-ii-iNt>)tii-i cj(s 



■UI3Q 0\t-x0 t^\0 ■'t r< o Ov 

' lanncr "^o* ooo <^"^'j-c< ■^ 0\ 



"O 00 M 00 f^oo 00 00 t^ »^ 









to <r. 'j-1 r. -f. y. tn i/i k' 









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►, f« ro Tt u-,\o t^OO O " 






C3rt.-:rtr5rtc:r:rt 



M-'^-T'^-l-^-t-l-'l- 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



437 






•d3H 

';piuiips 






'3MOJJ 



•day 
'ipEqup'j 



•day 

's;UBjqBJiBQ 



0\ <N Ov lO Tj- -+ 
M CS 11 C^ M !") 



lO f^ N IT) lO t^ 

0\ M 0\ lO ro fO 
M M « CS M CI 



On M 0\ to Tf Tt- 
M (S M rj o< c) 



0\ IN os m Tj- rt 

M (\) W (^ CM f) 



vs >o M On ■* " 
On M On to "* ■* 
M 0) M c^ 01 CN 



•o lO N fO ■'J- 0) 
On ri On lO -^ ^ 
i-c M « (S n (M 



NO On\o t-Vd ION t^w io>H>0 
ONOioo'^OOroOO'^ loOO 

MCMMCO'-'NtMMC><hl(Nl 



TfOO n\o lO On O t^ r^NO '^ '-' 
O ioioon'^' r^roO ONiooiOO 
o)o»i-iO)i-icNtni-'i-i>-iM 



OOOONO i-hVO iotJ-Onm rowNO 
ONOvoo'^lOOooOOio >000 



I^OO NO w lOlOTj-f^O >Ol-iVO 
ONO lOO <^00 f^OQ Tt lOOO 
riMi-ityjMtSriMMwCv) 



COOONO mNOiom 0\i-i roO »0 
CNO>0 OloOfOO QlO lOOO 



t^OONO M NO Tf yfCO « CO >- NO 

ONOiOQMOOrOOOiO >ooo 

MOlMCO'-'SNltNl'-'Pl'-lf^ 



_: < 



o 
o 



•uiaa 



•day 
'jaiiaqoBg 



" CO O VO O On 

lO f^NO fN Tf I^ 



NO On O o ^t On 
00 >-' On lo ro 0) 
l-H 0) M O) CN| 01 



VO JNO VOIOOOO 0) POIONOO 
0) 01 lOOO 0)0V0i-i^O»O>H 
MOJOiOli-ifOOlOlOIOJOli-i 



■^ lO -too ■rj- 0) O t^ fOVO to Tt 
ONO toOvOloO roc ONTl- -^oo 
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'janilAT ^ooiot^rovo 



01 TtOOVO lOOOVO OOO O lOOO 

01 01 Tl- t>. Oq OnVO 1-1 O O Tf m 
>-lOI01CN)MCSCN|NCv)CV)0)lH 



u 



day 0) On O On On O 

'jajTJT? J On M On Tf oo tJ- 



op u o u o 

•4-t -4-J 4_t +J ,(_» -M 

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QQQQQQ 

tn 'O iTd +!> "S ^j 

•^ CNl CC ■^ lONO 
1-. ^, p 1-, U )-, 

I nj r3 rt c^ eJ 03 



^ 



^5 






O 00 VO TfVO 00 N On On >- VO CO 
"VOioOOioOfOOONiO rfOO 
OlOli-HCOi-iOlOli-il-iHiOl 



cjoocj cjyouoooo 
ji 1-, u< t, V, tn'O'CC'C'Cn 
(f) in (/I c/)c/)<flc/)(n(/)[/)c/)t/3 

PQQQPQQQQQQQ 

tcOTa cnt3 wo wiJxi (mS 
'-'oicoi-ioii-ioi'-ipqr^jM^ 

tl^.lHl-.l-.l-,l_l-(l-,|Ht-V- 

rtrtrtnJc3aJcOc^o3n3n3cd 

2i-ii-iw(N101CO0O-<t'^'5riOui 



438 
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•IU3Q 



ELECTION RETUHNS. 



Ti" f<i in r^ p» vo 

^ n « M i-c 



M Tt in rovo 00 Tj- O V6 OO ^ "1 

•- r< c) n — r< n n ri „ M M 



•U13Q 



►- ^^ a\ O vo •* 

■^ f*5 VO 1^ (S VO 
i-H ts w «S ►1 



<^ •"^30 ^\0 IxN OVOOO^ "^ 






■-• rq O CO \0 ro 
1-1 n M ri >- 



fl Ti- 1^ c^ ^ lo ■<t OiO vo ^ >n 



U 



•UIOQ 

'uuEqg 



•uiaa 



■- rj o Ov O in 
>-i 01 1-1 N 11 



►H in •-< O\00 m 
11 M 11 N n 



^ •>a- 0\'O t^ «»5 m 0\V0 t^ <^1 O 
uNMMiiCOOJNC^nNii 



0\ tx^ 00 t-^t>.tOO^ inOv'* 
iNMP|iiC^NM<'<iitM>i 



■D 

3 
C 

£ 
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vo m P) \0 CO 11 
0\^ CMn T^ Ti- 
ll rq ►-! M M cq 



VO in c^ C» Tj- -1 
0\ 0) 0\ m -^j- "* 
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in N N ■<4- ■^ f>o 
Oi 0) Oi m Tt fO 
n M n CM rj r>) 



■-0 (^ n 00 O o\ 
a\ M O ■^ ■* ro 
M n M M 04 N 



OS M 0\ in ■* ■* 
n CM n 0) N ts 



OocM-<i-C3\CM00TtOo ■'too 
ovo^oiCMOOCMnO m^o 00 

CiOliirOnCMNiiCMMCM 



CO 0\>0 ii\0 CM -"tO" <>0<^^ 

OvomocMooonoom moo 

OJCMiC^iCMCMnCMilCM 



OvO\"O00mCMO>iiPOOVO 
ovo"0 n cM00«oo Om inoo 
cMcM-HcnuCMCMwCMiics 



in r^vo \o m ro PO ^N r^ o t)-vo 
o\o inovCMoo POO osin ■^oo 

CMCMiiM>-"tMCMii»-"«M 



"O On so C^VO in<»50Nr».N ii\0 
OsOino<MCOPOOinin inoO 
CMMnPO'-'CMCMiiiiiiN 



^ in in in I in in 

U 1 1 '-' " 1 1 



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qqqS ScSqSqq 

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tJ-tJ Tf-O tTx) 'O T3 T3 13 -a 

l-Uil-V, t,i_it,l-iUl-Ui 

cTScoc^rt cccflc^f^c^c^c^ 



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■73 X) "Jj ♦J +J ♦J 4J 
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ELECTION RETUtlNg. 



439 



o 






•d3^ 



M rooo O 00 ■* 
Tf ro U-) t^ M \0 



t Oi M C\ uo Th ''^ 



•UI3Q ro M t^ lo t^ O 



fOroiowioM O M 1-1 i-i\0 i-i 
i-iMMfOi-ifOOOCSMMMiH 



OOO 1-1 "^N NVOVOVO Omoc^ 



i-iMcqrOi-iroiMCSi-iMNi-i 



X 
in 

L 



■dan 



■* CO M 00 Tl- "^ 
^4Licf 2 hH i-i i-i I-I t_, 1-1 



"00i-i-<i-(-iMt^i-ilOi^MO 

l-lMl-lf<l-lf<IHlHI-l|-|f< 



O 

O 
X 

(U 
(0 
(0 






>-i M " M 1-1 



Ov 1 00 



•inarr "Moovoro i-^ ro 

:)UBJQ " M w M 1-1 I O^ I 00 



T5 


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'_I3Tin<T ■* fO lovo cs vo 
•*^l+^'d. hi M w N M 



•UI3Q M M 0\ OsVD Tl- 

f I. liJ i-i M M M H 



0\ '*'0 t^iotOfoO lOt^N \n 

1-iMMNi-iNMMMi-iNw 



O MVOvo TfioroOVOOO t1-t1- 
M M ■* t^ M Os^O iH O 0\ Tf w 
i-ir4MM'-itSMMM>HC^w 



M (V) Tj-t^ CM OWO M O On ■* M 

ncMNNi-iMriNr^i-ic^iH 



N It «^ '*"0 t^ fO O OO 00 VO Tt 
CI M •* :^ (S 0\V0 " O On 1* 1-1 
M^CMMi-iMtNMMi-iCMM 



t^ rJ-OO VOVO t^TfCOOOVO lO 
M M rj- t-x M 0\>0 M O 0\ Tt I 
i-iMCHMwCSMC^NiiMi-i 



<N 1^00 iriVO 00 PI ONVO 00 lO IT) 
M 0) 1^ t^ N OnVO o o o\ -* 1 

"MMMI-iMMMMi-iMm 



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i-r-+j~4-r 


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rt rt rt c: c3 rt 

1h rj f- ri ri f-i ri 

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(nt/i</)t/j aitocn(0(/)i/)(/) 

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tn en cntn TSTd u 



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440 



ELECTION RETURNS. 





r 


•daa 

'piqDlUQ 


00 1^ O N ri N \o -l-^O — 00 
00 >o •-• 0\ O Tj-oO •*vo m tT 


VQ \0 \0 >0 O 


N, 0>N 
•^ 0\ TtoO 

NO « PI - 


•-,00 Tj-<*> 

•vi ^ 






•daa 
'jpiuiqos 


Tt-'^Ov^iri«f*50'O«00 
00 lO O 0\ O TtOO ■^^ "1 ■* 


o ""too o o 


PIJ ID t>. 

vrio Tj-i^ 

"O N P« « 


r^ ID P) 00 

v2j Ov 


; 


n 

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•day 
'UAv ig 


00 00 - PI 'l fO t^ -^O " Ov 
00 ir> " o\ O Tj-oO -"i-^ vc ■+ 


u^vOOO lO o 
•i-i r< « r» 


^ TfOO 


u-i Ov Tf ^ 
p, <^ 
"O PO P< 


t 

u 
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n 


•daa 
'aAvojj 


00 to - 0\ O TfM Tj-vo li^ T}- 


«\. vooo »oo 

>r> N w C) 


^ Tj-OO 


VO CO n 






•d3H 


00 "^ - O O -^x ■^VO lO Tj- 


t- u^ t^ ID O 

o - <^\o 1^ 

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"■1 


t^ 0>lD« 
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ts.\O00 m O 
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^0 Tj-00 
VO P« P« " 


»0 " Tj-Ov 
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4J 


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ELECTION RETURNS. 



441 



•luaa 

'J3UIJJ 



o vo On a\oo -^"HMni-iOO »no o\oo oo 

OV C^ >-< M 



0\ m t^ ci 

^O rooo Tf 

"O ri M « 



^ t^ o 


(T) 


NO 


r^ 




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O lO O O\00 -rt " M ro i-c OQ 



Oo <^ O 00 O 
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f^ 


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c^ 





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'no o 00 oo 

0\ CN N M 



Co 

NO 


01 00 M 


fOOO ^ 


^o 


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fNlOO 


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NO 




t-t 


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3 

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•uiaa 

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(\) On c*5 ^ '-' 
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On 0) 01 M 



•<^ 1-1 vn O O 

•O o a\0\oo 

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NO <^ l-" " 



IT) M fO 





CO w ro 


NO 


fO 0\ ^ 


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0) 11 11 



N 


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M In. In. no 11 CO r^ O ro 01 t^ 
OO lO o oo o 0000 Tj-NO vo ■* 
0)0)TJ-Mf»^0101'^MlO0O 



00 t^ 1 M 01 M t^ lONO OO 0\ 
00 to M On O ^00 -:t-NO m -* 
oioiM-oiroNOiTj-KHinro 



0000 Tfoi rooi (^01 NO ooO\ 
00 lO n On O ^00 TfNO LO ■* 
OlO^T^J-OloOWM-^wlOOO 



O 0000 OO On 
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^01 HH 01 



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Ov " OONO f^ 

'o 01 M 01 



'I- 00 00 00 
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OQ Ov rt « 

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NO " 01 M 



1^ 1 t^ " 
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NO oq 01 M 



^Ov o ^co 

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r. On M- On 
S^ O O ON 
NO 00 01 



On On •* ON 


Ol 


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c 

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t^ n n Tt- O O oo t^OO OO 1 
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OOt^oioi NMNOONOiiOO 
00 lO n On O -^l-CO -^NO lO -"J- 

01 01 -^ 01 CO 01 01 Tt n lO CO 



O CO t^ t^ O 

i2 n 04NO l^ 

a- 01 -I 01 



M-NO VO lO O 

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llUl-.llIltll-.lll-'lH 

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442 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



u 



o 






•upaojj 



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0-. O u-5 O ""- t^ O Ci f 1 t-^ "1 

f^ fo ^ o t^ n lo t^«3 \o tv 
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10 

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vo C\ t^ o ''5 n ovvD >-" CO vo 

<*5 tx Tj- t^ O tJ- tJ-VO 1-1 t^ fO 
ni-in«Ni-<MM>-ifON 



N r^oo 1^500 to to N m\o O 

O lO 0> O\00 tT -i c\| C5 1-1 00 



r: 00 o\ •"• m 



O O (^ o» 



iTj ro f^ r^ o fvi ■<j-oo (^ 

Os O C3\00 00 I VD fJOO ■* 
Ovpi'-ii-i pONwi-i 



K, po 0» lO O I Is. TfOO N 

»o o otoo 00 I "o cjoo -"a- 



^ N ON ts O 

"? O O\C0 00 



o fo oco o 
"o o o^ooco 

ex c) •-. " 



oo it On N 

^ fooo ■* 
^ ^^ 1-1 HH 



O 't 0\ " 

,t> coco ■* 

^ C>» 1-1 1-1 



^ tsoo 

NO <*5NO 



■^ Is 1-1 •^ 

^ ts ■-• On 

NO M CO 



•«*■ rs>-i Tj- 

'O tsi-i ON 
•O 1-1 PO 



Nors" ■* 
^rs" On 
•^« CO 



NQfOOOOO l-HTtONl-l 

•O O O 00 00 «s COOO ■* 

OvC^Nl-1 NOC^MM 



•^ CO OnoO O O no CO CO 
^ O ONOO 00 •> '^ CN ■* 

CAc^wi-i >3c\)i-ii-i 



■3" ts 


„ 


Tj- 




ts 


1-1 


ON 






CO 





■«t- 


rs<s 


•<t 


\3 


IS 


1-1 


ON 


>o 


" 


CO 





*-l Is M Tl- 
«> IS- ON 
•O « CO 



_o_tj ao cj u y o u o o 

;-[■,-, uuii_nui.nuVi 

CO -' i«~ U5^^ tn^ U3^ 
1-1 N M n ,-, ft CO w ft « r< 

uj «3 13 "3 t3 ^3 tS ^^ ^^ ^^ ■Jj 

•JJ w l-< PI N COCOCO'^-^NOIO 



O O O (J 
U5 U) U3 CO 

■qqqq 



tn 



N CO Ti- 



C 

5' 



CJ u_o 

C U li 

CT/ Ol C/5 

1-1 (S CO 



bO 

C 

u 



3 

o 

CO 



) en CO 

iPQ 



M 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



443 









'uMOjg; " t^ 



•d3>T t^ ^OO 

. '^ 00 M »o 

'3AVOH M f< w 






ro O 


in 


OVO 


ro 


0( 0) 


0( 



00 w o 

Ov lO fO 

HI C^ Cq 



rOOO U-) 
O lO ro 
M IN n 



00 t^\o 
n M N 



CO OOO 
O lO CO 
M P) CS 



rCOO 


^ 1 


O 


m n 1 


0) 


cs 


CM 



o 


00 lo ■^^ o 1 


o 


^0)00 


ro 


cr> 


►H CO >-. 


CM 



!M fO to CM 


UO 


O Tf CM CO 


>-( 


ro 1-H fo 1-c 


CM 



o 


ro\0 


'to 1 


*-l 


Xt- CMCO 


fo 


fO 


M fO 


" 


04 



o 


fO»r> ^ O 1 


o 


^0)00 


ro 


oo 


►H 00 M 


"1 



o 


oo in vo o 1 


o 


■* OIOO 


oo 


fO 


M 00 « 


04 



o 


CO in Tt 


„ 


o 


^04 00 


00 


oo 


M 00 M 


04 



c^) O\oo vo t^ Osin 
^ r-> Tt (3s o in o 

04 CM CM 1-1 04 04 04 



04 04 ro 04 in O C7i 
^ t^ Tl- 0\ O \0 00 
01 01 04 1-1 04 04 01 



PI ON 1-1 c?\ t^ O m 
"^ t^ in 0\ O so Os 
Ol CM 04 1-1 04 01 04 



01 C3\ M oo CO O m 
1* r^ in OS O vo Os 

04 01 01 1-1 01 04 04 



"00 1-1 O OS O m 
■* t^ in OS O vo C3s 
01 04 04 1-1 04 04 04 



1-1 tN. w 1^00 o oo 

■^ l^ m O O vo Os 
01 Ol 04 1-1 04 04 01 



^ 



o 

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<U 


1 

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1 


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1 






■«-• 






£ 




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3 
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« 


'j9;bmiv ; : : 



O O oo 01 -t Os 
ao 1-1 "^00 oo •^ 

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so >-i OsVO -^ 
■^ CO OS tT 04 
^ M 01 04 



" 00 01 

o m oo 

N 04 01 



M M M W vo 



■* o tj- in 01 

OS ^ 04 r^ 04 

01 1-1 CO 1-1 04 



o t^oo 1-1 11 in >-i 

■^VO ■;}• OS O in Os 
04 04 04 1-1 04 04 04 



•uiarr oc Tfvo l =o o 

, '-'- Tt ^CO "^ 1-1 



c» o in yc> I 
'jajjaBj M N « "^ 



en tfi 



tn tn en 

555 

li; 04 CO 



fe o 

0) Vh 



01 O 1-1 00 04 IV, 

00 1-1 m n in i-i 

KH „ W H vo 



OS 1-1 on 1-1 oo 

O ■^ 04 00 04 
04 1-1 OO'i-i 01 



a o u o o 

■ n " c " !- ' !-. ' i-i 

4-1 -f-1 -*-l 4-1 +-» . 

ifl tfl ^ ^ KTl 

■(55555 



</]' 



o) im^ 



rrl nJ c3 c^ c\3 « 

-^^^^^^ 

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inso o t^ in M T^ 
vo >-• 04 CO mso t^ 



t^ CO inco 04 O) o 

ooso -*00 O in <7s 
04 04 04 M 04 04 01 



O O O CJ (J CJCJ 

■ccn'n'Cv^'i-i 

-M 4_1 4-J 4-1 4-» -M 4-1 

c/1 01 CO to cfi c/) cn 

5555555 



, tj -o t3 ts ta Tj Ti 

■ ^H I-, tH t- W. W IH 

I nj rt rt ccj cfl CO ccj 
•|^^^^^^^ 

CJ 4-> 4-1 ,_,_,_,rd 

53i-ii-iMO(coco^ 



444 



ELfiCTIOK RETURNS. 



•UI3Q \o O lo 



On M in VQ 



•uiarr o o >o 



•uiarr \o c ^ 

,J-^ •* 'too 






•luarr « o ix 



T^ O ■* lO On N 0\ 
\0 O >-i t^ "t iD\0 



O O VOOO On fO 0\ 
\0 O >- ts. ■<i- lOVO 



■a 
a> 

3 
C 
'+• 

c 
o 
O 

I 

c 

3 
O 

O 

X 

a> 

(0 
0) 

111 



< 



'pao"2 I-. M 1-1 



'pXoa « 01 HH 



< /- ^ OO " 



'SUIBl[lIj\\ M 0) -I 



•da^ vo 'too 



fOOO in 
o m CO 
(M p< M 



o m fo 

0) (S M 



POOO >o 
O m ro 
PI CM (S 



covo n 
O m ro 
N <S N 



for^ p) 1 


o 


ir> ro 


CM 


CM (M 



O CO U-) 't O 
O Tl- 01 00 CO 
CO >-' CO •-' M 



\0 01 lO CO " 
Ov -t oj CO 01 
M M CO •-• 01 



O CO lO rf O 
O Tj- 01 00 CO 
CO •-■ CO " 01 



O COOO 01 t^ 
O TT O 00 01 
CO t-i CO i-i f^ 



O CO lO Tf O 

o T^ 01 00 00 

CO 1-1 CO >-i 01 



►H lO ►-" O lOOO CO 
Tf r% in O O lo 0\ 
M 01 01 01 01 01 01 



t^ OS o CO rx 1-1 m 
CO I^ -f On O \0 0\ 
01 01 01 ■-• 01 01 01 



i-i t^ o 0\ t^ O lO 
Tt r^ lo Ov O vo 0\ 

01 01 04 w 01 01 01 



t^ to 1-1 00 r^ On ■* 
ro t^ >o On O m On 
01 01 01 1-1 M 01 01 



01 00 >- OOoo O Tf 
T}- I^ lo On o '^ On 
01 01 01 1-1 01 01 01 



05 U5 



QQQ 



QQQ 

1-1 01 CO 



be: 
c 



W ^15 



_U o O O CJ 

wh ' !_ " 1-, ' c n 

(/> 05 O) en ui 

QQPQQ 



>- tH t, t, 1^ 

,^ « rt rt cfl CTJ 

C (O o3'Ot3t3 

O M n 01 CO OO 

o 

5 



U 0_<J_<JO CJ 

'l_'t.'u"l-i"u'l-i"l-c 
O) 05 05 O) 05 05 O) 

PQQQQQQ 



•TD T3 13 x) 73 T) T) 

1 t- 1-. U U, 1-. 1-, 1-1 

rt c3 rt rt rt c3 c3 
"•*^*^.^^^„-i-C 

+-' 05 05T3~~T3*J 
CMi-iMOirocO^j- 
O 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



445 



w 

O 

6 

O 

I 



w 
W 

L 



•luaa 
'uosujiioy 



VO o o\ 






•luaa 



•d3H 



00 f^ ro 



lOl 



^ 'i-Qo I k; m 



^ 1-r MOO <S 

"^ CS oq oj 



M w M OO f«^ 
00 M IT) M ID 



00 1-1 fo fj o\ 

0\ •^ N 00 c\| 
<S w CO w N 






^OOOOO '"'> tnoiON toco 
"O c^ M N M w 






0\ O O CO Tj- N o 



CO 0\V0 O CO t^ in 
Tj-'O lO 1-1 1-1 vo o 
P) O M N M C^ CO 



m t>. r^ CO onoo m 
M C^ O VO \o O tx 
N CM C) 11 1-1 C^ C4 



•XU3Q ^ xt-00 



M M W W i V3 



'lUBJQ 



« ( "^ 



^H M M 11 ; K> 



'qiiuig 



•uiaa 

'J3AIIO 



•UI3Q VO O >o 



•UISQ \o Own 



11 II CO 



"% 



.y.y. 



QQQ 



fr^ 



QQQ 



G 
O 

n 



W ^ 



_o o o o o 
to tn (/) en (/) 

SpqqS 

M c>) M n cq 

Vh li Vm t^ U 

rJn rt rt 03 03 n) 
S M In' 



pq 



o o o o o o o 

'C'n'cn'n'n'ii 

<n m fi (fi ifi m tn 

QGGQQQQ 



Id t3 13 Td t3 13 "tS 

I U V-i Vrf t^ t^ li d 

I 03 ni 03 rt rt rt 03 



Cui-'MC^COCO-tt 



446 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•day 



';piuiiios N M „ 2^^ N^n to 



'UAVOJ££ N Ci „ ►, N f< CO 



•claa 



•d3H 



"Of^i^ii-, too o lo 

"" ■" N M to 



•d3}J 



■*fOi^in<o>-i i-> o> 



*^^H ii-)<Oir>vofl O" tx 

SlUEjqEJJEO t^ <^ rf -"tvo ro ui « 



■o 

3 



•UX3(J 00 l^ U-) cj O\00 J^ O 

'n')<;iTT''ST o t^ <-■ CO \o r^ c^ 



C 

o 
O 



'davr o CO -* o coiovo^o 

•*"'ll^H'"^tl CM c) " M n c) CO 



C 
3 
O 

O 

X 

(0 
(0 

UJ 



•uioa ^ : . •: : : :^ 

•d3>T O 0\ 

, - " t^ l-l 

'A9Jl\\ C4 CO 



•luaa 



" M C4 Oi 1-. CO 
CO " CO vo tx 



o 
U 



•day 



M »x C^ CO PJ O 
M Tj- Tj-VO T}- lO 



o 



in pt , 
- o o 5: 



O 



o >> 






o >> 

>.- 

cd l-i 






ELECTION RETURNS. 



447 









'Sui5[ >- >-< i-i " 



.S 

a 
o 
o 



'uuBqs iir'"::^:! ^ 



'uEiuaaa^ « -n « 



■a 

C 

c 
o 
O 



'pjO'T c>) c^ M M CM c^ ro 



•d3^ 

'pA 






OCT tM IS M M M M ro 



IT) r^\o vo fO '-' i-i 00 00 



£ 
3 
O 

O 

X 

0) 
(0 

u 
LiJ 






'TiaMJBqg (s 0) « i-H N CM CO 



tow 

? ^- > 



W <d'J 



, o 



:3(V (u lu 



^ (-■ p 



U 



o >> 

>.t; 



o^ 



448 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



U 



•IU3Q V00"»00\"0\0 



•da^ 



n t^ t^ rt f^ <-• Tj-0\ 
'UIJJOJI ri -1 11 « ti (N N 



•uiarr ■* ^t o\oo <s •-« t^vo 

U""^SX c^ « 1-1 ►- « M 



CO 



ZJU3 Jt^Miii-i C^NN 



•uiaa 

'silli--... 



■I 11 "1 w N 



o 

3 
C 
'^ 

c 
o 
O 

I 

£ 
3 
O 

O 

X 

V 
(0 
CO 
UJ 



u 






'miUIg ►-. II « « n 



O O M 0\ 0^ M '1 •<1- 



•uiaa 



'jajing « « « « ^ 



•marr foovN ovovo noo 
PUHJ -' " « " ri 



be 

3 
O 



a . o 
^ o <u 



c 
o " ^ t: s • • & 

0,00^ : . o 

.U.^ rt o 

j-i ^1 "■ r) ■*-* fi 

3(5oo^rt^n 



u 



ELECTION HETtTRNg. 



449 



Gloucester County. 

Congress. Senate. Assem. Sheriff. Co. Clk. 





vTg 


'to. 


"^s 


d 


S5S 


in . 




£: a 


lU c 


T3 o 


(U (L) 


(L) OJ 


«J tu 


m I- 


tfl OJ 


.in (U 


«^ 


bc« 


3/i! 


s^ 


.^Q 


0^ 




■^^ 


^-" 


0'^ 


cu 


;oP< 


■c3m 


i-T 


>^ 


Pi 


fe 


< 


H 


CJ 


t— 1 


S 


CA) 


22"] 


197 


232 


212 


277 


161 


216 


234 


292 


151 


228 


210 


212 


216 


287 


155 


174 


257 


271 


162 


141 


151 


145 


148 


173 


119 


124 


172 


149 


140 


103 


128 


I I I 


128 


127 


1 12 


IIO 


129 


134 


103 


173 


286 


174 


290 


173 


289 


100 


369 


196 


269 


1.39 


1,3.3 


107 


180 


171 


104 


146 


131 


176 


103 


103 


1,36 


69 


174 


128 


II I 


95 


147 


123 


114 


.328 


198 


252 


266 


289 


233 


230 


289 


289 


228 


212 


201 


22-] 


202 


244 


181 


192 


239 


246 


167 


121 


229 


128 


225 


146 


206 


119 


234 


130 


221 


241 


302 


252 


311 


241 


322 


263 


301 


294 


264 


i.S 


7 


9 


1 1 


14 


5 


8 


12 


13 


7 


96 


54 


96 


54 


92 


59 


88 


64 


103 


48 


223 


III 


217 


119 


259 


79 


197 


139 


251 


81 


125 


i«3 


124 


1H3 


113 


197 


145 


169 


131 


174 


194 


155 


205 


144 


224 


130 


151 


197 


207 


144 


57 


44 


66 


37 


75 


29 


65 


39 


72 


31 


148 


82 


144 


89 


176 


58 


118 


116 


176 


57 


2.S8 


174 


252 


i«3 


332 


lOI 


249 


i«5 


270 


15B 


181 


168 


192 


161 


224 


126 


160 


189 


190 


160 



Clayton Twp., . . 
Deptford Twp., 
E. Greenwich Tp 

Elk Twp., 

Franklin Twp., 
Glassboro — 

ist Precinct, . 

2d Precinct, . 
Greenwich Twp., 
Harrison Twp., 
Eogan Twp., . . . 
Monroe Twp., . 
National Park Bor. 
S. Harrison Twp. 
Swedesboro Boro. 
Washington Twp., 
W. Deptford Twp. 
Wenonah Boro., . . 
Woodbury — 

I St Ward, 

2d Ward, 

3d Ward, 

587 424 588 433 732 28s 527 490 ezd 375 
Woolwich Twp., .. 123 99 125 99 131 93 118 106 132 89 
Mantua Twp., .... 241 262 230 2jj 257 248 236 276 258 243 



Total vote, .3675 35io 3589 3709 4153 3118 3304 3994 4103 3114 
Plurality, . . 165 120 

Prohibition, 391. 



29 



4oO 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•day 

'I[I3JBDD13 



•day 
'SuijaBQ 



•d3>i 

'S3JI1S 



« "^ 






•day 

'J3U333IZ 



•day 
'jai^no 



•day 
'saqSnjj 



c 






3 






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O 


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•day 


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C 


•uiaa 




'jloujjaQDK 




t^ 






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(^ 


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g: 


'SUIUUEJ^ 




o 






U 











i-ii-ii-.C)CiP<i-iM 



Co t^<<0O\r«2l^rfTj-M « On 
"-< 1^ in On t^ 0\ >OVO in O \0 



„ »;• 



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cn 


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(n '/) 


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n\ 


ca 


"S-T3-T3 


■^ 


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M 


n Tj- 


ly- 


M3 


t^oo 






qcg;:;cg^c:q' 



<« 13 T3 *^ ~ ~ 'Z; Xl "^^ o 






ELECTION RETURNS. 



451 





f '^i3a 




'.lappij 




•uiaa 




'jji^a 




•maa 




'UOUUB3 




•uiaa 


1 


3 'uossarj 


1 


; 




3 


1 


H 


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2 -da^ 
5 'sq3J>]; 


c 


C 


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5 -da^ 
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■6 J 


<U J 


^ 


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ij 


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^ -dan 


o 


'XaipB^ 


O 




■M 


•day 


'aijiAaiiuoa 


c 




3 




O 

o 


•day 




'lUBS UBA 


c 




o 




w 




3 


•day 


I 


'^iJt^a 






"O 0^\0 tx CO -^ o 0) 
MMi-.c^coc)cqrq 



M ^) ro a\ M vO PI tn 
VO OiVO t^ fo rj- o r^ 



0\"roO\P4\OOV) 
10 0\V0 l-^ fO -"d- O N 



Co »o M rooo ro " tN. -^ 1000 
CN o 00 •* 10 w 00 txOO n t>. 



OiOM 000 rOM 0\fO rooo 
~ O 00 Tt- 10 M 00 t^OO M t^ 
roriMfSMC^i-((v) 






^ 10 w fOOO CO M vo •* 1000 
P^ O 00 •* 10 i-H 00 t^OO M t^ 



\0\0'-iMroOncv|i-iO\fq 
g;0\fOt^'^i-' fOco»Ol>>M 



00O\MvoroO\txN VOVOwi-ifOOfOcOiHOP) 



00 00 P) \0 COOO >0 M "v^VO MMfOOfOrl-t^OM 
■<t'orxlo^N,l-l0^t^ OvO\fOt%'l-MrofO looo w 



_OUCJOOOOO 
Vh 'vh ^H 'u'u 'u 'Ui 'u 

c/)cnc/)U)izi[/3cncn 

pqPQQQQQ 



"-• 01 CO T^ iri\o t^GO 



>,-(-> iJ -M +J +-' -M ■!-> -l-> 



_o cj_u o o y o o u"j^ 

pqqqqqqqq" 

'-' Oq CO \|- to\0 txOD 0^ i-t 

^^^^^^^^^^ 

cs <^ c^ oi c^i IN n 0; 01 CM 



452 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



L 



d3^ 



•U13Q 
'•I31PZ 



"^\0 t>. "^ tx ■-< 



Ov t^ 1/1 O 11 \0 0\>0 
"^'00 VO 00 fO Tj- 0\ n 









■uiaa 

'UUBUISI3\\ 



\0 0\0 t^ to Tf O N 
i-iMi-iC^roc^NN 



Oo Tj-M>-i00rO"O ro uiOO 

Ovooo Tj-iop-ioooooo >-i rx 



•uiaa 



" " Tj- O ro irivo lO 
^ OnvO t^ c*^ Tf O M 
M -< i-H M CO PI CM O 



^ in — ("1 00 fo i-i "-1 in rooo 

O OOO ^mi-HOOOOOO --I In. 



■D 

a> 

3 
C 

C 

o 
O 



•uiaa 



•uiaa 

'UUBUinilDg 



'UOUU3[yDJ,\[ 



1-1 M roO\N\0 com 
VO 0\\0 r^ ro -^ O P) 



VO 0>\0 t^ ro -Tf O M 
iiriMnrotSMtS 



i-ii-r0O\P^voiN>n 
MS 0\V0 t^ f«0 -^ O M 
i-iMMNCOPICNCI 



O iriiii-itxront^fO •^00 
S. O00rJ-u-j>H00t>.00wC^ 



O-mwooOfOf-oO fO rooo 

P^ooo Tf'i-h^oo 1^00 ►- t^ 

kI^CO'-POPJi-iNm CSi-tCM 



Ov-ii-i-i N\0 rO>-<VO «*5 moo 
C^OOO ^miioo t^OO M fx 



^ < 



£ 
3 

o 

o 

c 
o 

(0 

■o 

3 
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■ui3a 

'aSpiasAo^x 



•uiaa 



•uiaa 

'inuiBH 



i-HP-ifoavcq^OOm 
MD 0\V0 tx. r^ ■rf O M 
i-ii-i«nroNMN 



J^"*" t^ TtroiiOO "H inOO 
Ovooo TftOMOo t^M •-■ r^ 

JSfOi-iCOP)i-<C^i-i CiMC) 



►- PI <^0>NOOVOVO 
\0 0\V0 »x PO ■* O 0» 

C^HI-lNfONP^N 



{v.ioi-t Noo PO"-" Ov<r)-<tfH 
(S o 00 •* »o M 00 t^oo n 00 

ISpOi-hPOPIihCMi-iM'-'M 



i-<.-iPOO\i-i\OPOvi~, I C^Oxp^OCpO invo O O 00 
wi-<Mp<roP»P)P) ti''^'-'<^t^'-iC^'-<^)'-iN 



'vH"i_'i-."i-.'Ct-'v.'v-. 
[n(/)tflc/2c/)t/)i/)i/) 

PCQQQC'CQ 



1 TJ T3 "^3 "C t3 TJ TJ t3 



^(/luiuiincnuivic/] 



oyooocjyu o'j;^ 

'C"l-'t. "'-. 't-."l-i"»-. t-'u*;; 
(/)(/;(/)(/>(n(/5(/3t« </iVC 

qq5(5qS5qp" 

I N ro ■* lOVO t^OO 0\ I-" 



n3 '^ '^ 'O '^ '^ '^ ^3 '^ ^3 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



-153 



■d3^ 






t^ t^ o onvo lii T^ n 

^\1-MC^POIHOOO 
^^ M M hH 1-4 M M 



'SUIJJBQ 



1-1 MW|_|„MI-11-1 gui-lwMMl-l 






•d3^ 



t^i-iO"ONir)i-it^I%|^t>.f^Mtv,i-ct-^(v5 



VO O\00 Tt-rJ-inOCOOO "MOOMtvl^tXTt t^ 

W MMMnl-IMl-l Omi-iI-ImmM 



■o 

3 
£ 

c 
o 

o 



3 ^ 

o ^ 



c 

O 

(0 

3 
I 



o 
U 



•d3>i 



•uiaa 
'Xuuag 



•d3^ 



VO iNOOiOPJiD'-i 0\t^ 



<^ ON N M 0\ 0\V0 PO 
^■^fOfOrOM 000 



00'-ivOVOtJ-o^OnO\O <ViO\0)MO>-'VOfO "^i 
"t^Orow(V3"^OfO =S"*'^0OTtfOOO0 f^ 






'da'^ „ fo ro OMO Td- 'tvo 00 

'SuiUUBTAT '^'^ ^^ fOtxco Ttvo 



tna)iy)int/)tnai7)cn 



N \0 P) rj-^ 0\ i-H 00 

t;:^ o\ o o ■* rs.00 o 
^ M 01 r) M M M r^ 






in CO en tn t/) (/) !/) 



QQQQPQQQQ QQQQPPQ 



i-i cq PO ^ lOVO t^OD C\ 



^-> ^ ,-- K-» r^ r-- k" r- r- 
aj fOPOroronrOPOrOfO 



en -d -c ':2 Ti t2 ':;2 

^ M CO -^ invo t^ 

X3 "d TlJ TI? Td T!) Td 
^ ^H ;_ Vh ;-, t^ ;_ 
c^ c3 re c^ r3 rt rt 



^ 1- ^ 1- ^ 1- ^ 



454 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•uiaa 



moo \00>Ot^NN0 irjfxf^OOVOoOVO 



•luaa 



irt 0\ <*500 ■'too ii N VO 
vorji-iO'^OmOvO 



vQ VO VO 00 tx <»> «^\o 



'UOUUB3 



moo fC ^s ro l>. i-i f» CT> 

u^c<i-iO'*0''50vO 



>r>oo r^oo r^ <ooo m 



o 



T3 5 

= 1 

O i 

O I 
I 



•uiaa 
'uossag 






•dajj 
'uuog 



'XaipB^i 



•d9^ 



looo fjo-^f^O'-'^im t^oooooo Ov^ooo^o 



►, tx N M OlOO t^ PO 
>0'*<*5'0<^'^ 000 

Q ►-< t-( l-« H HH l-l 



f^ t^ M n tJ- t^oo ■* 

t<'*<*5f»5-*N 000 
O -I -< " " '-' -> 



vo rxoo vo'*5m'-iO\t>.|vo*^'^'^'*' Ovoo «*> 

>-( I-. O f^ -■ fO\0 OCi t>»-^rOrOTl-NO00 






o 

o 

£ 

o 

(0 

3 
I 



•d3^ 

'}UE§ UB \ 



•d3^ 



ir-, h-^ X "". -^O ►- 0\ J^ ' O ^^ <^ N t^OO 00 fO 

■- t^ o f^ - f^o on I i^'j-f^fO'tNOoo 



vO — ^f^fOio—OvlN cx'^'^l"'^ O\00 Tj- 
►- In. O ro '- ro^ 0<S \O"*r0PO'*NO00 



y y u o o u u o u 

t/3 ■/) 73 -y. •/: Ol X -^ '73 



!j o o y y o 

'u "Cu n'u i-'w. 



\r. 'n r. <r. x y; -y; 



I TS -c -d Ts'-d -3 -tf-o-s 

05 ro fO to c-j fO CO CI PO r^) 



-a -3 -3 -3 -a -3 -^a 

■n U U( u u u u. 

rt rt rt rt « rt rt 



Tt ■* t "T t ■t •* 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



455 



W 

L 



•d9>r M « hVO ^00 <^0^ orowOsioi-iTj-ti 



< ^^„ lOMOO^O -TOO o 






•luaa 

'uuBiuspAV 



■maa 



•uiaa 



rooO fOOO ■* tv. w r) 00 



lO O fOOO f^OO w M M 
mfO" O Tt-OioON'-i 



M r) M PI " 01 w i-i c^ 



99 CO M M " cs c-1 p^ 



•-lOOOOiOO " o^o 

>; <M P) PI \o w n 01 

r2 O-J 01 01 M 01 01 PI 



o^; 00 00 \o 00 T^oo \a 
J-J 01 01 oi in o O 0^ 

^ PO 0) 01 w 01 01 01 



T3 

3 
C 

'•^ 

C 

o 
O 



•UX3(I 

'uuEuinqoS 



•luaa 

'UOUU3l03I\[ 



TfOO P^OO "^00 fO 01 00 
moii-iO"^OmO\0 

0) 01 01 01 M 01 M w 01 



PO i^ POOO POVO w 01 vo 
in 01 n O "^OmOO 
MPlOlMi-iPlMi-iO^ 



OvvovOVOOO moo vo 
^ OIMOIUIOOM 
^ PO 01 01 ►-. 01 01 01 



o. vo w tx tx fcoo uo 
O^piMMmOOOl 

{> CO 01 01 M 01 01 PI 






c 

3 

o 

o 

c 
o 

(0 

T3 
3 
I 



'aSpuaAC^ 



•uiaa 



inoo PI O ^VO M P« O I i:xV3 00 00 osmoo^o 
i^(v)„MT^OvoO\w |_OPlM01lOO~"' 
MOlOlOli-iOlMi-iOl 



°0 P00101>-iP10l01 



A[^3^X oioioioii-HPii-i moi 



ino^ t^Ploo (T) 0-1 00 

lU^'^H P1P101P1W01W"01 



•-(OlPlPI^OOOOl 
°OfO01Mi-i010101 



>^ OvPOO 01 i-i\£>\0 
>~( 01 POfOt^w " PI 
Oo PO PI PI M 01 01 01 



ooooooooo 

(/) t/5 (fi tfi (/) 7) U) t/)_C« 

QQQQQQQOQ 
, x: ^ J2 -c j=i ^ 



CJ O O O O O CJ 

O) t/1 W3 in i« t/1 ^ 

pqgqSpS 



55 rOPOPOfOPOPOC^P^PO 



Id "O 'xJ "CO "^ t3 

t^ 1h 1-, J-. 1- V- 1- 

a! rt oJ rt rt rt rt 
^^^^^^^ 

^ ^ -^ ^ T T '^ 



456 



ELECTION rp::turns. 






— <7i On^ t^ irj 0> fO 
M ri C. t^ a^ tx\0 f*5 



CK 0\ rf O i^jOO - \0 00 






•da^ 



P^i-iOt^Ot^txir) ?200 t^^ t^OO rr> lOOO 



•d3^ 
'jauaSajz 



V 

3 

+3 

C 

o 
O 

I - 
>^ Q 

C W 

3 J- 
O "^ 

O 



o 

M 

"a 

3 
I 



O 



O 
O 



•d3>i 



'saqSnjj 



•luaa 



•d3^ 
'X3aB3 



•uiaa 
'j;oiua3QDj\[ 



•d3>i 

'SUIUUBJ^ 



'73 c/) V5 C/} CT) c/i X t/) 

"S -c -c^ ■£ '5 ■£ ■S 

"O "CCTJ T/ ~ "C TS 
X?rtf3rtrtn!rtcSa5 

'vj r^ ^ ^ r^ r^ ,^ r^ 

>.^ ji; j= x: ^ x jr ^ 



,5^00 t^^ t^oo n ,1-00 



• Ov O^ ►-< T)- fO f^ 

. M « M W (V| l-H 



ts. t^ Ov 

"^ ID (M 

O I-, HH 

N 

(^ o t^ 

N. O O 

OO )-■ « 

tOV}(/3y3C/)C/5C/)V3 

'r~- 'r^'r^'r^'-r^ '^ '^ '-^ 
" M ro ■* u-^vo ts.00 






ELECTION RETURNS. 



457 





'aappij 






•uiaa 




'if^a 




•UIOQ 




'UOUUB3 




•uiaa 




'uossag 


a 


J 




3 




3 -da^ 


c 


3 'sqaax 


C 


; 


> 


•d3>i 


■D c 


J 'uuog 


a> i 


jj 


3 t: 


* 




2 -da-a 


'XaipB^ 


o 




O 






•d9^ 




'9[JlA3UU0g 


c 




3 




O 

O 


•d3>i 


';uBS UBA 


£ 




O 




(0 




73 

3 

I 


•d3^ 


'^ijna 



■^■<J-CO"000000 M 



;:>' t^vo 0\ O w lO Tf t^ I ^ 









Kl t^vo 0\ a\ ^ -^ ro t^ 



Mi-iOt>>0\txt^t^ vS'°0 t^^ *^00 <^ ■^00 






00 M CO fO C^ in'O CO 



2? 00 t^vo t^OO ^) TfOO 



00 0\o oifCMOOooin 
^00 t^vo t^co 'N -rfoo 



uoooouoo 
'u'u 'CC'CCCn 

qSq3SSqS 

"-I r< t*5 -^ vovo t^cx) 
■73 tJ X) 13 "C5 Td X) 'T3 

Jlnl-it-V^l-il-il-iV-. 



00000000 

QQQQQQPQ 

y) 13 '^ +J Xj ^ +-» ■*-* 
>-" CN fO ^ u~>\0 t-^00 

^^^^^^^^ 



458 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



L 






•maa 



irjoo "^ If) " CO 0\ t^ "vj roOO « « tv. w (x\o 



J«*M 1A)00 "^ lO " CO 0\ t^ "vj COOO »H w tv. w (x\o 

ll'^Z 1HW>H|-1(HI-II-I1-| "^tWWNOtl-ll-lMl-I 



•UI3Q 
•UUBUISp^YV 



"^ 0\ P) PI O VOVO f) rh 

;>" js.\o \o o ^ ■* CO r^ 



•uiaa 



O in fovo CO ir> l^\0 >o 



•UI9Q 



"Jm«mP<i-ii-iMi-i 



73 
4> 

3 
C 

+* 

C 

o 
O 



o 



•uiaa 

'uuBuinipg 



•raaa 

'U0UU9IQ0J\[ 



J}; t^vo o\ o " Tf CO tx 



'0 0\c0"^0 •<*'0 NIT) 
S> rxVO 0\0 <-> Tl- CO tx 



C 
3 
O 

O 

£ 
O 
CO 

3 

X 



•uiaa 
'aSpuaAO*^ 



•UI3Q 



•UI3Q 



O 0\M\0 O lOt^ro-* 
c^ t-^vo 0\ O '-' ■* CO tN. 



O OS PI 00 CO t^ >o mvo 
';^ fx\0 Ov O M rf CO tx 

'^^„H.l-.^^l-ll-lc^l-l 



•^ O co\0 CO m\0 \0 I>» ^ 
!?>"C»\00\0'-''*cot^ 



O !J 'J U U O (J O 
^ U '— ^ '^ C U ' U 

c/) tn c/5 c/> ^ x 'X 'J) 



i/)[/3tntntntnt/)t/3 

Si55SSi55£ 



'-' C) CO 'j- VOO t^OO 



•^ — '■' . — ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

(/3 IT) u*^ lO lO 'O LO »/% lO 



i-( 1- t- 1- 1- •« 1- •- 

>>>>>>>> 
^ ^ ,^ ^ <' ^>-,^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



459 






00 w O ^O J^VO o •* 



OsC^t^i-'iMtSi-iw^i-''-' 



•d3>j 






•da-^I 



^, 00 o w M o\ Th lo*^ CO (^ vo 









3 
C 

C 

o 
O 



X Q 

■M 

£ 
3 
O 

O 



£ 
O 
(0 

3 
I 



ON 

o 
U 



•d3>j 



•d3^ 

'saqSnH 






•d3H 



•uiaa 
'HOUiaaQ^H 



•d3>i 



^_ 00 i^ t^\o vo 00 vo ■* <^ o \o 

^VOOO O iriTfO\w '-' lOOVO 



P^NOO\Oi^'^0\i-i "lO O^M^ 
q' tS m M M 04 « t^ n 1-1 HI 



■^1 t^OO OnoO O fO\0 lo ■+ invo 

5:>-t^o\'-"\oioo'-H'-' mo^ 

g (^ M O) C^l (M 01 M M M fl 



qSqqqqqS 



Td Td "O t3 "d 13 13 tS 

>,^ .13 ^ ^ ^ ^ 42 .£3 
05 i^f^^t^r^t^t^t^t-x 



in <n {Ti f^ <f> <f> fi '^ f'Z^'^ 

cn-d'O+J+j-i-'+j-M-i-' o ►-< 

•T3T3T3T3-d'T3"a'o''a'd'T3 

VHtHW,l-.t-.t-l-.t-l-lt<l-C 

cooooooooooooooooooooQ 



460 



ELECTION RETURNS. 






o\ a>oo noro<^oo ti-^NOON'N^-oojO't'-' i r? 

IT) t^ ir-, IT) O 00 <^^ r/ f^^ ■^^ 0^ 0) vo lO >- 00 f>. I JT 



•UISQ 






'UOUUB3 



<\)„Jh.«wh.«i-, 



o 

u 



'uossay; 









f»5VO 00 "H 0\ N "-1 ^ 



pr.vo oooioTfo\w>-iioovo 

O PI P) n C» P« 1-1 P< M w N 



"2 « 

5 w 

C w 

C 

o 
O 



c 

3 
O 

O 

c 
o 

(0 

■o 

3 
I 



'UUOJJ 









•d3^ 



•d3^ 



fO i^'.CO 0\ O. t PI t^ 

\o ^ ^ -* p) po OiO 



PO^ 00 P^ CA '■' " '^ 
VO Tt- t:)- lo PI ro OnsO 



po t^oo o o 1-1 o\ po 



r^ t-N O 00 M3 txOO t1- Tj- PJ O \0 
S M PI P) P< M « P) Pt M PI 



\0 0\ PI tx tx r^ 0\\0 1+ PI O >0 
Pj"0 OvO iOTfO\" 11 loO^ 

O P) PI PI M PI " PI PI i-i PI 



»^ ^v in -j- loco 00 -d- in M 0\\0 
<^J^O00OlO-tC^•-<>-lr) O^O • 

O PI N PI M PI W PI P) H Hn 



oo 00 PI 00 tx tx OVO Ti- "I - \o 
P^i^ OvO m•<l-0^■-' ►- ioO>0 
O PI PI PI PI PI ►- PI PI 1-1 PI 



t^trjOtxtx'-mi-i-iPlO'-' 

2 PI PI PI PI p< 1-1 PI PI " PI 



X !/5 7) CO t« i« en JJ 

Sqq5qqq2 

'-' PI PO -^ io\c txoo 



n3 -a -O T) 73 13 -a ^3 
Jui-ii-i!-iu;-ii-ii-i 

■,-i>>»»>> 

>,.£: ^ X! .s -c j: J3 jc 
4,*j^+j+jj_i.ij-i-i-t-> 

05 IX t>. N. tx rx I s tx I . 



V) 'X cA yj w X c/"; t/) (/3 *j:^ *jr 

p| '/-> /-^ ^ ^ '-^ V^ /^ /-^ ^— ' >— I 

'"'"^ r- " 'Z "Z T^ -^ "^ 

en x3 T3 " +j *^ +^ Tj *!! O 1-1 
'-' M PO .-"t lO^ 1x00 0\ 1-1 1-1 

'T3T3t3'0'C)'T3'T3T3'T3'C'0 
uui-.i-i;-ii-:-;-.^i-iU 
rtc^c3rtrtc^c^c3rtrtcd 

jCJ2^J2J2J3x:jC.SJ2^ 

cocoooooxvoooooccoooo 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



461 









L 



•maa 
'jaipz 









■<^ o 00 N ovoo o <r) Tj-00 o w 
>~, lo CM ^^ looo i- "•> lo o 00 t^ 



•uiaa 



VO t^OO wOOCOw l^f<1i-iC'IO\N rt\0 -^OO w w 
lO I^ to lo O 00 f^VO I iT'iOfOMiriOs'-'i^ioooOt^ 



•uiaa 



[^ooTtot^fO't^ioO'-'" 
r; inc»:ioi\ooo >- mu-joco tx 



■o 

0) 

3 

c 

c 
o 

o 



o 



^ < 



3 
O 

O 

£ 
O 
(0 
"C 

3 

I 



•UISQ 

'uucmnipg 



•uiaa 

'U0UU3I90J\[ 



'aSpuaAO'^j 



■o t^oooo o o ^^ fo 
vo i^ lo T^ C C» rovo 






■UiarT "^00 OlOO'-'f^'-' OONC^t^i-ifO TJ-VO VO O " i-i 

, ^'■-' lo xx^ ■^ o 00 '■'5M3 ri lofooivo 0\'-' voiomco t^ 

A[p5[ „„„„««« 






nUaQ vo t^VO "MNi-ifO i^OO ro <*5 ro t^ tj-<0 OO '-' i-" *{? 



ooouooou 

Vh U U \^' U 1^' •~^' u. 






QQQQQQQQ QpQQCQQQQ 



QQ 






,J3.S^-C^^ti- 



T3 t3 t3 "w "73 T) T3 13 



'dT^'O'O'd'O'd'd'O'C'd 

^^^^^^^^^^^ 

^_>+J4->+J+-i+^-l-'-l->-l-'+J-l-> 

ooooxooooooooccoooooo 



46k 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•a 

3 
£ 

o 
O 

I ^ 



•tlDy 



'SuiiaB(| 






•d3^ 



•d3>i 



'Xuuag 



rf ^ 00 m Tj- Tj- -^00 vo oo r^ oo TfoC vo lo fO c « 



c 

3 


i- 




() 






o 




•d3^ 




o 


'A3JE3 


L. 


U 




O 






(0 






■a 




•aiaa 


I 


o 


';;omj3QDi\: 




" 


•d3H 




is 


'SUIUUBJ^ 




o 






U 





00 <0 "- lOVO 0>A0 fO o 



■"•^ Ov M fO lA (^ 0^ -too f-> 
^ l^ Ti- vo 0\\0 vn n p< (^ 



^ 



00 Tt ■-< fO T}- r^ POOO •-■ 0>ON\CO— O TtOO rj 
Tt 00 o tx rx vovo O J^ T' 00 Tl- in Ov^O U1 o< N c) 



NC><>-i(-ir<i-if-iN>-i 



Tj- •* O vo moo 00 >o w 



■* Tj- " vo >^'\0 I- C^ O 

nf)H1|-lC)l-.i-inw 






O txO\m-^0 OMO" 
VO ro O t^ l^\0 >/^ O 00 

M rj 1-1 >-i C) ii i-i f) i-« 



j^oo O ro tv " Ov ^00 tr, 
'^ t^-rt ^' Ov\0 lO fl M M 

'^ M M 1..1 11 1-1 „ 



0\ O fOOO i-i 0\ rtoo CO 
i tx Tj- lO 0\^ to N <S -- 



N> 1-1 M M 



O 0\ M fOCO i-i O.^ 00 0) eo 
^1 IN. •* in 0\\0 lO rj a M I sc 



f^l i-,„„„cSi-ii-ii-i 



O 0\^ lO O CO lO ^ O •-! 

b " " P) « « " 






"-I fj c^ rl" io\o t^oo i> 

\J^ r^ ^ r^ ^ ^ ,^ ^ r^ 



c555qS55q 

•-I ^^ IT) •* lovo txoo 0\ 

;-ui-iU;-.ui-iUi-i 
>>>>>>>>> 

ooocooooo 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



463 



•IU3Q 






-t- vo P) CO O ^^ tx vn 01 PI 
\D Oso ol^Olo^NO^^xM 

f^. M « M M C^ „ M M 






^\0 1-H 0\ tn i-i vo lo PI 00 

^ PlMMnPlMl-ll-l 



'UOUUB3 



10 w 00 PI O 00 "* rooo 
ro CO ir>\o PI M 10 PI CO 



Ck^ hOOvo mVOVO pi O 
■■OONO PI u^iot^C^t^w 

'M PfMMMP)P-rWIH 



3 

a 
o 

u 



o 

o 



o 

o 

C 

o 
w 
73 

3 

I 



•UI3Q 
'U0SS3[J 



'sq3a\j 



'UUOJJ 



•d3^ 



•d3^ 

'aniAauuog 



•d9^ 



•d3^ 



VO 10 0\ O M w rj- COOO 
PO PO irivo 01 pj 10 PI CO 



Jx PO PI irjVO 00 0\>0 w 

PlPlMwMl-ll-lPlM 



t^ ■* M t^VO O W VO M 

10 PO O t>. txvo VO o t^ 
PIPIwi-iPli-iwOli-i 



JxiOPl t^txO OiOw 

10 po o rx f^\o vo o t^ 

P^MwwPlwi-iPliH 



tx >0 PI loOO tx M tv w 
10 PO O 1% l^ vn\o O ts, 

P10<mihP1wi-iP<i-i 



^0\0 PI ioiot^O\t-^0 

^ PImmmPImwm 



X2 CJ\ PI Tf 10 w 0\V0 00 PI 
j'ri t^ -^ 10 OWO 10 PI PI PI 



r.^ )-i M M 



^.00 w POOD '-' 0\V0 00 PI 
^ t-> -)- 10 0\\0 >0 PI PI PI 



S- O M rtCO w 0\\0 00 PI 

j'" rv ^ 10 onvo >o pi pi p) 






^2 ON PI -rf t^ w 0\V0 00 M 
jT t^ ■* 10 On^ 10 pi m pi 

iJ" M M M M M M 



t^ >n PI VO ■^OO MVOw I 00\Ot)-0\i-c OnVO 00 PO 

''^ p<^ O (^ t^ lovo o t-^ "/"J t-x \t- i-o Oivo m Pi PI PI 

MPll-ll-tPlMI-(pll-ll> MMW MMh-l 



W -, M I P 



•«tOPiir)PiM00cqo\ 

PlPlWMPltHI-tP^I-i 



PoOO " "+VO M 0\ TfOO M oo 
N t^ \}- u-> 0\V0 10 PI PI PI ^ 



O <J o o o o o u o 



000 00 y u o o 



<f>in<fiinwvitnmm 



CQQQQQCQQ QQQQPQQPQ 



tn t3 T3 1^ ':D tJ •:;: •5 1: 

" M PO -* lOVO ixoo o\ 

Jt,lH!-iVHl-il-,Ul-.!- 
tn 0\OsOnC>0>00\CnOs 



" PI PO Tj- lOVO t^OO ON 



"^ "^ '*C3 T3 Tl! '^ 113 Id T3 
000000000 



464 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



w 

» 

L 









00 'too t»5 o "~, I-, VO '-' ^ \ri\0 00 00 t^ t^ <^ 't^ 1 »i. 



o n 11 1-1 n •-• w ci 11 J^ M 11 n 



I v( \-< (1 I vS 

-1 1 1 I S 



CO ^ tO^O 11 >-i i/> 1 ^ 

Mr* KHWWllll'w 



^J |-i„fHH-lM>1Hl|1 



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ELECTION RETURNS. 



465 



'1IPJB0013 



S^ I 00 



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r^ M M M M 



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30 



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^ 






'X> 'I- O ^ -^OO " 00 (>) ^0 't oo 
O 1-00 OOO <S r»5ir)t>» <r)00 °8 



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•d3^ CO >rtVO 1000 -^VO tN.NO\£5 I «>OMO^I"'-mt^>-00»D 

'T7IT30 TTP \ " "^ t^OO V00vP«M(^0t^| p^fiOPI"^ t^OO O O P< 00 \0 



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ELECTION RETURNS. 



467 



71 






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MClCfl-HMl-IMI-lC^l-ll-l 



CO P) LOVO O 00 fO Tt- U-) M Tf 

oof^piONOnoot^^ovoro 

MMCqi-iNi-ii-ii-iMMi-i 



Oi-<00O00cv)iNiotv COOO 
Pmi-(CJ"0)>-'i-'I-I'-ii-i 



N lOO 0"^tv^' 0\ 0000 Tj- 
J:? 1-1 00 O>00 M CO lO ts. f<700 



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OOP) Pivovo O rO'^'^t^vo 
0000 PI O^C^. MOOt^OVOfO 

M 01 01 M M W M M O) w M 



'^ >n O t^'O 00 '-' On N 00 CO 
i? w 00 O^00 01 <0 »o t^ ooOO 
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01 C) 01 VO \0 00 00 P) P) i^ 0\ 
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^01 P|VO O CNTj-inuOM lo 
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1-1 01 01 M PI M M H PI 11 M 



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pMUPlMOl'-ll-ll-'l-ll-l 



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468 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



a> 

3 
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43 

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73 

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2 
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ELECTION RETURNS. 



469 



o 


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•IU3Q 
'UOUUE3 



>-. i-H U-) OS 
Tt CS w M 



o o\oooo 

2 cs M 0) 



1^ fO CMO tx CO 

r 00 M o\ o 10 

*^ N CO N N N 



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;/? " C) tv) 04 « 



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3 

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^VOOOVO OoOOlOiQiO 



00 O) o CO I cr-j t^,^ Q 
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gv O 00 O (N. 000 
gvrorl- O OS ■*T^ 



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l-l 'J ^H w ej ^r^ w 



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O tv. 000 On O 
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iNj CI 00 O 00 " o 
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OO^Ocolw-iOviOM ^r^ONl-ll-lVOVO '^ O \n Ci m 'rt- i-f. 



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T3 73 Id 13 

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476 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



W 

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lr^ -I -■ '-' 



v, »0 t ■* " O lO 
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Tj- PI « (^ ci ts c< c^ (4, rj <*> ^t N rj '■•-, w M ^^ p< « N 



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vc 00 o fo 
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rp M pj N <s 1-1 N 



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vo O O <^ I O tv> lOOO 

Oi-voo\|'Oinioij- 

Tj- C< -1 0) g M P) P) 



OPlOroO'-' i<:vo\o ■*vo VO 1-1 
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•^ PI PO P4 PI P) I ^ 1-1 P) P) N >-i PI 






vooo o PI 

O O VO Ov 

Tj- PI 1-1 PI 



ir N P< PI 



»~i PI O Tj- 1 



OvVO li-J Tt t^ !x «- 

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k..* 1-1 PI PI PI w PI 



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'UOUU3{^3J\r 



0\ PI °0 t>sVO fO 

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lo Oi o po 

O O VO O 
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•^ PI 1-1 \o 

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O^ PI hH -}■ 1-1 ^ 

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f^ P| PO PI w PI 



O •<J- u^ lO lO lO Tj- 

JO PI Tj- PI rt o^<n 
k.,' 1-1 M PI PI 1-1 PI 



^ PI --J- PI OvO\ ^ 

K^ « PI PI ►-! 1-1 M 



c 

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00 O O ID I Pj 0>. lOOO 

oovoo\ ^s.mu-)Tt 
•:}• PI M PI o n n PI 



o c CO -t 


;;i 00 pooo 


►- - ID o\ 


•n. U-, U-) i^ 

P M PI M 


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O O O lO JfiOO "1 0\ 
M >-i>oO\ S>-ioiOTj- 

■"i-PlwPI SnPIPI 



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^VO lO IT) t^\0 1-1 

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trie 
trie 
trie 
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inT3T3 


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ELECTION RETURNS. 



471 



•d3^ 






tM>. I 


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C) 





\0 H 

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t-^ (^ i-i 00 lO ro M 

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■a 

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01 01 



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t;; ^ xt- "00 to^ 
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oo o) w On lo Tf a\ 
£i; 1* Tt w 00 lO lo 

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5:^ oq hhoo O Tt o 

li ■* •^ M lo lovo 

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MM. IH 04 M M 



to t^ O in 


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472 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•uiaa 



vO O - O 



0\ '^ 
•1 ro 



*^ 0\ 1*3 ■* '- O ro 
^ ti « M « i-i 






W1 N OO 00 


•^ 


N\o « r^ 


'f 


r< CO po 1-1 


►~i 



00 


c< 


t^ 


N 




W 



C 0\ fO '*5 O O 1- 

y^"^ ov o o vo " 

^ P< r-1 N 11 l-i 



•UOUUE3 



N io\0 O 

- " o^oo 



O Tj- CO CO 1- O 0\ 
iQ r-v 0\ o o vo o 

^ M „ !N « 11 



O 
O 



•uiaa 
'uossag 



'sqsjNX 



OS C) ri CO I O 

p) t^ cooo !;;;; 



I^ o 



'~' OS c>< CO 1-1 O 1- 

i;^vo o\ o o\o 1-1 

I- PI „ (S 1-1 w 



»^ I vooo Tf •* o 

f^ ■* CO --I 00 "^vo 

-T- ►, p) „ „ „ f| 



3 

c 
o 
O 



'uuog 



•d3H 



•d3^ 
'a^jiAauuog 



>o o\ os OS ! 



" OS OsOv g- I 






IT) PI 
t^ O 



tx O 
1^ O 

PI CI 



1-^ O 00 00 in CO M 
•^ ■* CO '-' 00 >nvo 
"^ -1 PI l-l >-■ " PI 



t^ O OsOO -^so 11 
J^ Tf « n 00 "^VO 
^ n PI « M w PI 



r^ « OsOO lO PI Os 

t^ Tj- « ■- 00 »0 lO 

"> - PI " " " PI 



O 

O 

c 
o 

(0 

TJ 

3 

I 



•d3^ 



•d3^ 



■^ L" 



OOOso 


o 


i-o 


"00 00 


o 


ex 




►1 


"• 



IT) « 

J^ o 



so 1 OsOO mso O 
N^ Tj- CO " 00 loso 

'^ 1-1 ri 1-1 -r - PI 



ro" I '^OnOOC^voo 
t^ O ' ^ •* ^ I 00 icso 

p|P| I ^»-l-,p|Ml-l„p| 



!/J M 1/3 Ul 

3253 



11 C| CO T}- 



ctJ rt c3 c;! 
>>>> 






TDT3 



H ?: «3 m 



(J o_o woo 

"n u'l- Ui 'ti l-i 

in in tn (/3 en (O 

555535 

(« "CO z; "^ ■*: 

" PI CO ■^ "".so 
1.1 1-1 V. ;^ Ih u 

a n ci ct cs cs 
^^^^^^ 



w 



PQ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



478 



en 
W 
W 
'Ji 

L 



•d3>j 



•uiaa 



■* C^ O t^ 


O^ 


1-1 o. o o^ 


•M 


M CS M 


1 



OS ^00 o 
t^l ■* tN 00 



in On 


w. O M lO ^ -h "I 


t^OO 


\0 Tt ro >-< CO "-^ 


r4 M 


'^ i-< 01 ►- »-* HH n 



04 PI w-)l^O\CiOVO'-' 



•m3Q 

'UUBUISpyYY 



«»2 O 00 lO 



00 p) 

w CO 



O 00 -* fO O 0\ i-i 
bT'VO On O O lo " 
^ 01 w C^ w 11 






lOVO O t^ 
M VO 04 f^ 
M CO 00 >-i 



DO 


Of 


0^ 


01 




00 



O 00 01 -rj- O w w 
li^ 0\ O O ^ i-i 
^ 0) H, 01 i-i M 



0) 

3 

'^ 

C 

o 
O 



o 



•UI3Q 



'uuBuniipg 



■\U3(J 
'UOUU3lQDJ\[ 



in O o t^ 


fM 


M t^ 01 t^ 


2 


0) 00 00 1-1 



t^ O O ts, 
01 t^ 01 t^ 

01 OO 00 1-1 



o i-^oo t^ 


Oj 


oivo H- i^ 


o 


0< 00 OO ^H 



t^ 01 
fO 01 
l-< CO 



0\ 


>-< 


01 


01 


" 


<o 



00 


oi 


01 


01 




00 



:; ON f^ Tf w 01 \o I ii 
:^ Oi o OVO 1- ^ 
M 1-1 01 1- -1 



;i On 1-1 Tt O 0\ lO 

■^VO 0\ O O lo 1-1 

04 1-1 01 1- 1-1 



,^ On vo fO O On O 
■-^VO 0\ O O lO " 
^ 04 M 04 1-1 1-1 






O 

O 

c 
o 

(0 
TJ 

3 

I 



•uiaa 

'9SpU3AO^ 






•IU3Q 
'niUIBH 



f 1 00 CO \o 

01 NO h-l t^ 

CNl CO 00 i-i 



On t^ O 00 


*h 


■-^ \0 04 I^ 


O 


M CO CO 1-1 



VO 0) o On 
c^ In. 04 t>. 
01 CO CO 1-1 



00 


0) 


04 


04 


IH 


CO 



O On On CO O O i-< 
»0^ On O O VO 1-1 
•^ 04 1-1 04 1-1 1-1 



<^1 On fO »0 04 1-1 00 

iQvO On O OVO 1-1 
•^ 04 w N 1-1 M 



O V o o 



W 



o o o o o o 



1- ^1 V^ Vh 



I St Dist 
2d Dist 
3d Dist 
4th Dist 


o 
K 


So 
-t-i 

en t3 

1- 01 


I St Distr 
2d Distr 
3d Distr 
4th Distr 
5th Distr 
6th Distr 


en — 
Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


o 

> 

o 


lie — 
Ward, 
Ward, 


t< t^ iH l^ 1-, )-. 

c3 rt g3 cti c^ rt 


O -M -M -M -M 

j3 tri ir> lO lO 

O 


C -1-1 -M 

Q u) tn 
C8 


*t3 T3 TJ "^ "T^ "^ 
cs c-i c^ ^N ^^ c^ 



pq 



474 



ELECI^ION IlETURNS. 






'\i 00 o 
*^ 1-1 



■^ H. ►< 






" - 00 o 1^ 

O 00 fO "^1 fO 
M CS M •"^ " 



"■o o ^ O 

•^ ►- « H. 



•d3^ 



•d3^ 



M rooo 
OOO <*) 
N CS M 



o 00 fo 

^( M N 



■^ « « hH 



•^ « « W 



£ 
C 

o 
O 



^ « 



c 

3 
O 

O 

c 
o 

CO 

■o 

3 
I 



•d3^ 



'saqgnj-j 






•d9^ 



•UISQ 



OOO ro ^ - . 
CI ^^ 0) "^ M 



" rOGO 

o 00 f-o . . 
c^ n ci •^ M 






^ ^ '^ 



■■g NO fo I osoo - 

0\ rf •+ I Cc M "^ 



OS t^ fO p n fO 
" C^l M "^ -. 



\j-, ^\o ?:' '~i " 00 

^l iTiir, J^Ji* O !M O 



u^ PO t^ v^ P) (S O 

^ ITiXT) J^ O CM W 



O VO ^ f\j lA lO lO 

o CO 0) ^ r^ (s vo 
M rq ft ^ w n M 



o 

o 



•da^ 

'SUIUUBJ\[ 



"^ M HH M 



to m t/5 

q'qq 



I »-. u ^- 

n rt rt 



en (/) 

(5q 






en (/) 

" C) 

rt CO 
>> 

^^ 



pq 



tn en tn 

555 

c ^ ^ ^ 



o 


^-cco 


r- 


O 1- V- ^- 


> 


^ ti a ci 




o 




in 11 « ^H 


H 


W 



tn tn en 

555 



n 



ELEICTION RETURNS. 



475 





f -raaa 




'.I3ppi^[ 




•maa 




'iji^a 




•uiaa 




'UOUUB3 




•uiaa 


T 


'uossag 


5 


J 




3 


1 


3 ■tl3>I 


5 
C 


3 'sqajNi 


C 


; 




•'i--'y 


■6 p 


J '»''-^'j 


o i 




3 t 


J 


E g 





E 




O 




O 




1 


lUJJ 


>. 

•*-> 


'3[[lA3Ui.i0j| 


E 




3 




O 


•Cl3^ 


O 


':niBg iii^A 


E 




O 




« 




73 

3 

I 


•d3^ 





W MOO 

o 00 tr> 
c^i <s N 



O t^ "^ 

n c^) n 



O^ ^fO I l^ Tj- ^ I Co 



-"-^5:; 



hi 


OO 


ro 1 


o 


t^ro 1 


0) 


C^ 


0) 



O O 


t^ 


ooo 


rr) 


oq cs 


IN 



t-> 


PI 


-o 


O OO 


PO 


fq 


f^ 


(N 












^ 00 o 



^w 



(N^ -i-^ 


OO 


Co fo ^J^ 


Co 


«-> M CS 


'^ 



r^ t ^ 


OO 


Oo fO lO 


=o 


■^ M c^ 


^ 



t^ ^ro 


t^. 


Co mo 


OO 


T) i-i CI 





OO 


'tro 


t^ 


XD 


t^ CO 


o 


■-1 




f\, 



«v^ t CO 


f^ 


K. t^ ro 


o 


H 11 


<\1 






^ r^ o I t^ -^ CO 

I ' CO Tf t^ t^ CO 



t>^ Tl-CO 


I^ 


l^ t^ CO 


o 


"-1 M 


f\l 



O t^CO >r> t""- O 

O I^ CO S CO '^l- 
f( N f) I *^ w 



COCO ■+ 
O CO CO 

CM r^ PI 



■+00 '^ 
O CO CO 
PI CM PI 



cooo ■* 

O CO CO 

P) p; p^ 



cooo PI 
O CO P^ 

p) PI p^ 



if" OS co^ 



<> OS w lO 

^ t^ P4\0 
^ w PI CM 



"~> O CO lO 

^ 1-1 P) P) ^^ 



rpoo 't ID 

^ t^ PI so 

^ M PI P) 



J^ P) COP) 
^O PI M 



S2 PI " OS I "M 

■sTo PI o ;:o 



>D PI ^ I ^ rt- CO OS 
PI lO in oj O PI O 



lO CO lO c<^ -^ M 00 
P) U-) lO Co O P4 6 
'^ M i-c M 



ys 



rl ■+ ^> C3S 



oi m I/} 



PQ 



PQ 



rp'p 



C/2 t/) C/l 

ppp 



1 1- )-. l-< 
CS cfl c« 

^ PO CO CO 



u u 



-d-d 



QJ '. ^ ^ 

O t-i "-I Ih 

_Q rt rt rt 



Vh I-. ;« 

rt c^ c3 
>>> 



476 






ELECTION RETURlSI^. 

r<NPi'^i-i )'~' i-i<<jVO 



K,\0 ■<*■ f 

<v> O N i-i 






•lU3fJ 



00 - «^ I Jn; rffO 

1-1 1-1 I «V^ ■^ 1-1 



"^1-1 r« 



lo t^ 0\ I -^ t^ Tj- Tj- ' 
f« <^ pj I <2 « M N 



•IU3Q 
'UUBUIS13 \\ 



■* fO I t>^ •* -t 

■<1- " ""'MP) 



►1 vo >o '") \o t<^oo 

N PI N ^ « (^ p< 



•uiaa 

'X0B3JJL 



■* fO I •> Tf Tj- 



■*00 CO 
O ~5 PO 
M M M 



JfiOO fO^O 
^ '-I P) M 



T3 

U 

3 
C 

C 

o 
O 



u 






•uiaa 

'uuBuinipc; 






ex ■* po 
"•I ■* ■* 



Os ■* <0 

"'■. t ^ 






w^ ro "O 



tvi 1^ Tj- "5^ POtn 



■* tx CO 

O PO ro 
0* P) M 



;2^00 rj-io 



tJ t^iOOO 
i-i c< N 



■* P0f»5 I goooooo 

C>» CS P< ^ M 01 N 






C 
3 
O 

O 

c 
o 

(0 
■D 

3 
I 









•uiaa 
'niuiEH 



CX ■* Tj- 

"VJ Tj- 1-1 



CX 1/5 PO 

' Tj- 1-1 



oo ''l- ■* 


oo 


Co PO »o 


OO 


>r> -1 (N 


■^ 



Oo ■* ■^ 


oo 


Oo POVD 


oo 


•o 1-1 (S 





"2 ■* fO I JV. Tf Tf 



"^ OMO CK Ov O 00 

<^ fO »^ tN rovo 

M <S M HD 11 (S P< 



»:^.oo p^vo 

^ w M N 



Tj- t^ ro 1 


O 


n 


<n 


P< 


N 


ri 



p< 


1^ PO 1 


o 


ro 


fO 


ts 


ri 


"< 



^CO P0»0 
^ w N N 



;- I-. u 
(« (« tn 

Sq3 



Im u ^ 

C^ C3 c4 



en 

CO U5 

QQ 



T3T3 

Ih bi 



•fi en 



^ Ui 

>> 



« QQQ 

■*-» qj «• -v a^ 

O VrlTiTl 

> o I- t. I- 

_Q rt rt rt 

*^ h-i^-* I-' 1^ 



QQQ 



rt c^ CO 



3 .-O ro Pi 



TfTt 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



477 





^ •d3>j 


0) 0\0 


N 


•<J- 


0\VO 


v^'^'""* 


oo N 0\ 


K 


'i- 




'IIPJB3DI3 


M 


IT" 


0) 


^ 0^ 


^ OSCO 


^ °'"' « 


fsj 


OS 
lO 




•d3^ 


ro OVO 


Os 


VC 


1-1 t^ 


^ lOVO 


N in Os 


^ 


ro 




0\\0 VO 


►V 


00 


t^ 0\ 


"o c>oo 


OO Os LO 


>0 


O 






<M 


t^ 




►~1 


^ M 


tsj 


SO 




•d3H 


fOMOO 


^ 


>H 


O t^ 


v^^^ 


rSj ^<^ 


"-.^ 


<S| 


i 


OvVOVO 


^ 


o\ 


tx 0\ 


"5 OSOO 


'S Oslo 


VO 


O 






fV) 


t^ 






^ t-t 


fsj 


SO 


p 























fO o\o 


C\ 


<M 


MOO 


O iri lo 


O lo O 


x-1 


\n 


^ 


0\vo VO 






t^ Os 


j:^ OSOO 


OO OsVO 


^ 


o 

so 




•d3>l 


fO O ^ 


CX 


CO 


OvOO 


'^"-(^ 


Os^Os 


"Vl 


OS 




0\\0 VO 


^ 


00 


VO 0\ 


^ o<oo 


t:;-Osio 


10 


OS 
lO 


■6 




















9i 




















3 


•d3^ 


fO o t^ 


o 


OS 


o t^ 


t^in Tj- 


pS Tt 0> 


IVS 


Os 


C 
+* 

C 


'saqSnjj 


0\\0 VO 




CO 


t^ 0\ 


^ OSOO 


•::;-os>o 


fsi 


Os 


^ 


















o 




















O 

1 ' 


n 




















i -raaa 


















^ 'Xuuag 


















= ^ 




















O 

O 


r -da^ 


















i ^ 




















(0 




















"O :: 


^ -maa 


i/^\0 VO 


ts. 




t^ rl 


Osf^t^ 


O O Tl- 


^ 


. 


3 ;! 


>-i t^ ro 


<M 




^ o 


■<^VO so 


f^so Tt- 


o 




I : 


■^ ';i0UIJ3Q0]y\[ 


M 1-1 M 


^O 




n 0) 


•^ c^ n 


•^ IN M 


lO 




' 


•d3>j 


t^ O <^l 


oo 




TO 0\ 


t^ -ir^ M 


~0 socO 


'*• 






^ 'SUIUUEJ\[ 


C^vO 00 


^ 




CO o 


Os M o 
H >_, 1-, 


'^ 2 « 


Co 
fSl 


■] 


C 


3 






f-. 










o 






, ' 1 t 1 ' 




o 


-M 4-J 


-i-j -4-J 


^ -M 








w) w m 




o 


U3 Cfi 


i/i m 


V) Cfi 




:3 






QQQ 




■qq 


So 


QQ 




c 






1 "S-Td-d 






J-1 t/3Tt 

1 " M 


tn-r) 


tnid 




o 
H 






j!h M 0) ro 




U5 


M oq 


M M 














^ l3 J;; 


Td-d 


tS'O 




V 






Ol-.i-.l-. 






tH I-. 


u u 










J2 ct( rt n! 




u 


•^ rt rt 


03 rt 


n! n) 




o 






W^^^ 




o 

> 


^^^ 


^^ 


^^ 




> 






jj-uxJ-a 




^^ 


C U) O) 


-cd 


-d-d 




rt 






en f»3 ro ro 




0! 


> l-l l-t 


(^1 ci 


ro ro 




o 

(L_. 



H e 



478 



ELECmON RETURNS. 



•uiaa 



t^ VO CO 


»^i 


1-1 00 "1 


tr-. 


o< ►-. P» 


<2 



pv <*5 J^ p N •^t 

5^00 00 f> <^^ 






'UOUUEJ 



•iu9a 

'uossag 



t^\o P-. 


^ 


>-. CO ir> 




Cl w M 


o' 



WOO lO 

c^ « n 



oovo N 


\S 1 


-00 to 


.^ 


M w (S 





M CI 









S^oo 00 "fi. t^^ 



^00 00 



t^ 0\ PI 



5iOO 00 "S, «^^ 






o 



'sqajx 



^0 ^'^ 



JM Tf O 

N ovvo 



.E i^ 

= 1 
O 1 



c 

3 
O 

O 

£ 
O 
(0 

■a 

3 

X 



'uuog 



•day 



•day 

'3[^lA3UU02 



day 

'4UBS UBA 



-dj>j 



•* O >-' I >r-. 



o o \o I 



S>o\oo 



o aoo 



p^^O O 
t> 0\\0 



"S OVOO ^ ^""^ i^' 



^ CSOO 



<> ir> m 5 "~' <> 

^<^0O ^ OMO ^. 



tv» 0\ m 



wS 



11 "^ 



o 



o 

VO 



^ 



c " "' '^ 

w . . „ 

O l^ Ur ^ 

.J3 nt 03 c« 

Uj ro CO ro 






L tnTJ 
.2 " ^' 

S en ui 
^ - - 



^^ 



'H'u 'i^'u 



QQ PQ 






O 

C 

o 

H 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



479 



•d3^ 



•"loo vo I ?" 



•luaa 



rhMOO 

'aaiPZ c-i " fi 



VO 1-1 
fv.04 
N OJ 



l^ fO t^ 

g, o o\ 



o o ■* 

OsoOOO 



•IU3Q M t^w 



0^ CO 



<^00 ON 

^ 0) cq 



k-, i-i G\ 


s. 


Co t^ lO 


<^ 


>^ M r< 


'n 



•IU3Q t^l^fC 



CO rr> 



<3 0) lO 

iioooo 

' 01 01 



"^ 01 01 



■1-U3Q oovo CO I {>^ 



U-. ro ^ oo CO 

01 M 0) 01 



' 01 01 






c 
o 
O 



4-1 

£ 
3 
O 

O 

£ 
O 
(0 

■o 

3 
I 



•IU3Q 00 t^ <0 I Tr> 



•luaa 



'UOUU3lQ3J\[ 



•""CI 
'aSpuaAo'T; 



lO^ 


0\ 


§. 


" 00 


^t 


^ 


01 " 


01 





IS. N. lO 


0\ 


w 00 lO 


VO 


01 M 01 


X3 



'^IF>I 






^O ■* do ''^OO 

\o " ^00 00 

01 01 01 01 



^01 tr, 

~:oooo 

01 01 



vo " o5 cooo 

01 01 n- 01 01 



01 


ro 


VO 


y~* 


01 


01 



-t- •+ 



\0 H li-OOCO 
01 01 ' "* - - 



!>00 00 
^ 01 01 



01 xn 

01 01 



K. o Ol 
^ 01 01 



oo <^ ^ 

U-) 01 01 



0\ 01 rt- 
^ 01 01 ^' 01 01 



' 01 01 



K 



p 



*c*n'C 


CO 


V^ U 


'cn 


'CC 


C 
^ 


-)-> •4-> -M 


<U 


Cfl 05 






(/) C/5 C/) 

QQQ 


^ 


1 


c/) c« 


cfi en 

DO 


o 
H 


cn-dtJ 


r^ 


^ I-" 01 


(Tj T3 


WD ^ 


c 


jLj M 01 CO 
lU - .> -. 
O Vh 1-1 1-1 


<U 


O 


" 01 


M 01 


ii 


o 


of Uni 
Ward, 
Ward, 






> 


-Q 0! 03 cS 


o 


cc 03 


03 rs 


o 


+j't3t3'0 


H 


d in CO 


-d-o 


'd'd 


H 


tn OT fo oo 




^ M W 

o 


01 01 


.0 ro 





480 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



■dd}\ 



1-1 rv — 






^2 « "^ 



oo ro "", o 50 



fO H Tj- to t^ 






O.VO00 



'S3JpS 



*;>-oo o ■* 






^ w ■^00 



jrsvc o ooo ^ 
O VO 00 .^vo ^ 



2» ■* •-• ooo 
o vooo vo\0 






c 
o 
O 



>, O 



c 

3 
O 

O 

£ 
O 
(0 

•a 

3 
I 



o 
U 



'a3[.3no 






•uiaa 
'Xuuag 



•d3H 

'X3JB3 



•UJ3Q 00 PJ 

'HOUIJ3QOJ,\[ n ^ 






!N t^ o\ <^ 



O. Tt- ■* t>. 



'-^w w 



vr- Tj- w o 00 I ^ 



>0 oo w <r> 



voo 


N 


N 1 


f^i^tn O 1 


oo „ 


"^ 


M 



■^ CO fO N ■* 
"^ 00 <*5 "^ ^ 

^O W C^ HH H4 



\0 f"! t^ t^ l^' 

n l-l tS W " 



o 
O 



•da^T r^oo 

*3UIUUBJ\[ =^ *" 






3 

o 



C/5 t/) t/1 

SS5 



►-I t:J- 1/1 in 



u 1-. u 

rt rt n! 






3- t^ >-i r)- t^ 



CO O] 






QQ 



I u I- w t- I- 

rt cs rt rt Q 

'C to "O "C ■!-> -tJ 
n w N PO ■'t ^ 



a 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



4S1 






o 


00 


t^\o 


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fO 


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V>r Wl ^-^ ") 'I K. 

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VD lO 1^00 00 
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o O CO o 
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MD in t^oooo 
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10 1^ 

00 >o 






f^oo 


t^vo 


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00 '^ '^ 

MM 



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Co txOO ^ 
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■r; (« tS 13 -1-1 -M 
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31 



482 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



s 



•dan 






•luaQ 






tr^ POf< «0 









^ II-, fy-00 •»*• O 



.oo^'^ S- 



k: •H ti " '- 



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u-j t^ t^ N 



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S9oo t>»tx«^ I >o 

^ i_ 0) ►, w *s. 



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vo iD\0 O\00 
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vo lovo O tx 
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w. ro P4 O U-) tN •■4-00 <*5 
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CO en 

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rt cs rt rt rt 



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w 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



483 





r -J^H 




'IIPJB33I3 




•d3H 




'SUIIJBQ 




•day 


1- 


J 'saaps 


P 


3 


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1 


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< 


^ 'J3U3S3I2 




•d3H 


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'jaiSnQ 


TJ 




<a 




3 
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£ 




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^ 'Xuuaa 


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7v 


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r -da^ 


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CO 




T3 i 

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c 


3 


C 


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l-H t-H 


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0\ CTi "O lo O 
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1-1 01 <S CO <*5 



o\ o 


lO 


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N 


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00 o\ »o lo o 

00 CO lO M <s 
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lo 


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00 


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t-H 


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00 00 00 o lo 


0\ o\ • 


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M CJ c^ CO CO 









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4S4 



ELECTION RETURNS. 





r -uiaa 




•jap pi a 




■maa 




'ijna 




•maa 




'UOUUB3 




•raaa 


^ 


^ 'uossag 




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1 


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c 




3 




O 


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O 


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c 




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CO 

■o 


•d.:)>T 


3 


'^jjna 



t^ 


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Co 


o> o> 1 


•o 




►H 



;; 


N 


o 1 


c^ 


0\0\ 1 


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fOio O ■*!» O " O 

■1 H. 11 1-1 >0 ►, « 



rv^ O O 
Co Ov 0\ 



ceo ■* ■* " 
00 <r3 <*5 O>00 
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00 0\ -^ r^ O 
00 cc lO « ri 
•-I r< n ro ro 



Oi Ov <A ■>;}■ O 
00 ro tD ►- C) 
iH r< M o «*> 



Ov 0\ K^ »o o 
00 r^ u^ •I N 
►1 f< r< ro t^ 



O. 0\ in u^ O 
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►- r< M to CO 



a> i:>-*vooo 
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■^ to 1/5 

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■^h! 



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3 rt rt rs rt 






W 



M tc 



o o 
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w " .2 



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>,^^<>^^ ^s: 2: 



5 H 



ELECTION RP:TURNS. 



485 



w 






•uiaa 



00 fO LO C) 04 
►-< C) M CO CO 



O lo in 
r\, CO lO 

CO M 



oo OS On 






fo r^ o 00 M 

n M ^00 CO 



ex o o 

oo OnOs 






^O O 
tR 0^0^ 



■a 

0) 



c 
o 
O 



o 



c 
o 

o 



o 

(0 

3 
I 



'IPAVIIPS 



'uuHuinqog 



•UI3Q 



•lU9a 

'sSpuaAo'^ 



■UI3Q 



'ntuiBH 



CO tx M VO CO 

" " ^00 0) 



NO OS 0\ 



rOOO O ^ OS \}. 1-1 o 
•- 1-1 ■^00 M Oo Oi 0\ 



ks 1-1 o 
Oo OS 0\ 

^ H 1-1 



CO t^ O m OS 

1-1 ^OO cs| 06 Os OS 

^ 1-1 IH 



QQ 

1-1 CI 






w 



...... .Wc^iJ . 

Vh i^ Vh t- 1^<+-11M > -M 

laJnjrtoiajOO — h 
<u bo boo^ 

|3""CSCO^gO 

U o o 

t^ pqpq 



^ M 



CO 


C 




,o 






■* 


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00 





lO 


^ 


CO 


en 




G 




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t-i 


N 






VO 


4-> 


00 


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ii-> OS 

00 u 
m o 

CO xi 

O^ 

o ca 
f^ o 



Oh 



486 ELECTION RETURNS. 



Hunterdon County. 

^Congress.— ^ Assem. Sheriff. 



•So. eS vo t^c, >B 9d .S 

C V "Cw '^u <uy ^ly o'u <«"" 

Cai uq SPh Cf^ rrQ >>(i:i XQ 

J Ah ^ < ::: ^ Q 

Alexandria, ... 54 169 4 57 166 65 159 

East Bethlehem, 40 67 3 41 63 39 67 

West Bethlehem, 56 181 4 48 192 55 186 

Clinton, 165 303 23 152 317 228 243 

Town of Clinton, 104 109 4 104 no 121 92 

Delaware, 106 284 33 in 278 102 292 

East Amwell, 117 199 3 126 189 86 224 

Franklin, 68 164 12 68 159 89 136 

Frenchtown Borough, 155 106 11 130 131 131 131 

High Bridge Borough, 238 133 13 239 132 240 132 

Holland, 127 155 11 126 154 135 144 

Junction Borough, 86 71 2 86 74 78 80 

Kingwood, no 191 17 112 187 107 191 

Lambertville, ist Ward, 100 169 -^ 70 199 63 203 

" 2d Ward, 167 182 ... 178 170 159 189 

" 3d Ward, 246 250 2 284 214 247 253 

513 601 

East Lebanon, 89 145 

West Lebanon, 99 91 

East Raritan, 169 242 

West Raritan, 162 267 

North Readington, 107 221 

South Readington, 85 124 

Stockton Borough, 53 80 

East Tewksbury, 72 144 

West Tewksbury, 78 135 

Union, 52 151 

West Amwell, 100 88 

Total vote, 3005 4421 192 31 13 4299 3023 4394 

Plurality, 1416 

Socialist, 33. 



5 


532 


583 


469 


645 


6 


105 


128 


105 


130 


3 


103 


87 


97 


93 


8 


208 


199 


170 


242 


7 


215 


214 


171 


262 


5 


109 


220 


108 


221 


4 


86 


124 


87 


123 


2 


56 


76 


55 


78 


7 


76 


140 


59 


149 


2 


68 


145 


79 


133 


I 


54 


144 


68 


133 


2 


lOI 


87 


79 


108 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



487 



r 

W 

a 
U 

L 



•UI3Q 

'aadoojj 






•d9>r ^ OS 0\ 

'jaJtBg (N H p^ 



^ ^T w n u^ -^ 4^ " V ;_; L^ 



'y- w (N <S >r> VOOO vo ■* 



J^CXD ro (^ OS 



*^ CO " C) H, M 



vo i-i >o T^ t--^ N 

'r; r^ fD ro to ^ 

^i M W W M W 






■IU3Q 0^ 01 CO 

'JJOH 



•ds^ 



'ddoaqx 



VO " 0\ t^ f) oo o 

w „ ^ M K^ „ 



=<D ^N ^ -t 
■<3 n M I-. 



't o 


•+ 


lO O 


ro 


ci M 


M 



O 0' t^OO lO 
'-. Tt- O 00 O 

U-> M I-, l_ C^ 



•^ W M >-. W 



u-i OOOO VO t^ ■3- l^ 01 0\ »^ 
O ro O 0000 V 00 00 00 On 



M 00 ThvoOO 
fO M 0) w w 



!J? ■* t^oo 01 t^ 

ij^ ^ 01 01 10 fO 



•uiaa 
'uosiiAV 



^ "")oo o\ 

■^ 01 w 



o.| \0 00 0\ t^ 
>r) CO O 00 o\ 



X-) IxOO O Tf 
t^vo -+ 000 

»ri „ H (M HH 



OsOO 01 o 0^ f^ 
o. CO LO ■* invo 

X!) 00 " 01 W M 



£ 
3 
O 

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•d3>i 



•d3H 
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t^ O 10 

M 01 0, 



■ J3>I 01 ON ^ 

'jfoimo 1^ o <o 

I . I w* OJ 01 01 



O On O o| 
r^ O VO 00 
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i-H On "^"O 
•^ 00 T^00 
t^ 0, o< 1-1 



t^ 0) in 0, 
0^ ro fO (^ 

t^ 01 M M 



ir^NO O 00 
00 fO ^ t^ 

•^ 01 01 l-H 



»Oii-)O0«vo I '"OOvJxOpO 
°0 00 O •<t 0\ *>V0 ■* O 00 



^ M M l-( I-I 






OOsOJVOcO O'*'* 0\\0 
»s,POi-iroON OoOncomon 

NO 01 01 11 1-1 t^ 1-1 



Os o\ ON n Tt 
00 fo o fO o\ 

NO 01 0, W M 



-1-00 -* fO 0) 
ID ro " CO On 
"O 01 01 



-sj. rO m txVO 
t^ 0\ PO N On 

t^ M l-i l-t 



t^ 10 fooo 10 

_, (N. 0\ on 0, On 

M t^ M |_ M 



On Tj- 00 O 0*5 
0> CO ID .^ invo 

^3 CO M 01 M M 



K.VO M 00 CO VT) 
00 CO 10 CO iOVO 

^ CO M M M M 



c^ IT) 10 CO w 0< 
NT) 1/5 CO covo *n 

^^ M »H HH HH IH 



cx 10 rh O 0) o 
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No IH l-t K4 I-I t-l 



1^ to CO w 01 O 

NiS to CO covo 10 

VO M H M 11 IH 



Pi 

o 
!z: 
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•UX9Q OOVOOO 



'Suiuub't; 



M CO 0\ 
1^ O 10 
N M M 



(N) CO t^ f^ 

0^ O 10 In. 
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r^ 1-1 ICVO 

r^ •* too 
t^ 01 0< 1-1 



l^ 0\ 01 CO ^- 
co CO On CO On 



oj VO M OOVO 
t^ CO 01 CO On 
NO 0< 01 1-1 w 



I-, NO Tf r^ t^ 

On On CO CO On 
N. M H w 



Oo txVO 01 -^ t^ 
«^ I-I Tt- CO Tl- ^ 
^ CO M 0( 1-1 I-I 



x^. tJ- On t^ O 10 
NO l^ CO CO t^ -^ 

V") HI HI l-l 1-1 M 



00000 

c c c c c 



Preci 
Preci: 
Precii 


Preci: 
Preci: 
Preci: 


0000 
•v V V 
ll ll u< I-I 

P^P^P^P^ 


0000 
V 

t. 1-, Vh Vh 

PLiPhP-iPM 


00000 

<U V <U (U 

vh ui ui u il; 

Pl| flf PL| Pl| PL, 


w N CO 


M Cl CO 


tfiT3'T3tS 

" 01 CO T|- 


"S Taxi's 

HI N CO Tf 


1n'T3T3'S'5 
•"I M CO Tl- 10 


Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


nton 

I St 
I St 
ISt 


01 01 oq 


CO CO CO CO 




-U +J +J +J 4_, 
10 10 10 10 10 



488 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•uiaa 
'jadooH 






Tj» ..H ^ l-H ^' W »H 



'■< H ►- 0< 1-1 "O 



u 



■d3>T iri o I "O 0> iTi^o P 



^ f»500 t^ r»5 rp (>) O 'l- 






'^^ « « M 



•^00 0\ <*5 O O H w O 



oo \o ^ ^ 
O « « <N 









"^ «^oo o> 

^ 1-1 f< M 



^00 00 -"t 



O 0\ ■-> fS 
■<t tx t^ ro 

(^ 11 M IH 



ft) n^O 
^ » O '^ 



'uosiiA\. '-' '^ 



o r>»oo N.00 

^ i-i »-i r^ 



O VO <*500 
ft* CO "1 N 

^ w -I N 



T3 
0) 

3 
C 

o 
O 



•ui9a 

'iF-ina 

'uo;josj 
•d3^ 



1^00 

C\ o 
l-l N 



0\ o 



^ l-l !-(' ,_, 



►-< tx ro t^ 

o 00 -*oo 

^ M ►-! W 



«i « « 



t^oo n 


0\ 1 


>-( lO " 


<N 


"Ci « w 





-o '-' 00 


o 


ft) ooo 


Tl- 


•^ M cq 


M 



CX fO >-■ w 
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t>» 1-1 l-l 



0\ o 00 00 o\ 
o> tx •* o o 

f^J 1-1 1-1 M 



^-' 1-1 M r< 



ft) Tj- ID M 

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li-j O <^ r^VO (V5 Tt r»> »o 



C 
3 
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4> 
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•d3^ ^ ^ 



rvj 0\ tOOO 
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f^) 1-1 M «s 



CK OsOOvO 
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O fO" 1-1 
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*V. 1-1 « 



u-j w OOO <o 
fv^vO 0\ t^ •^ 
■^ M 1-1 ►- 1-1 



i~, ii~, r^ Tj- N 
f^j^O Os 0\ •* 

■^J- C) HH M 1-1 



<Vl 


t^mtn \ 


»N. 


fi 1-1 


»x 


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PO N 


N 



CX »0 -1 00 



■IU3Q (^ ro 

'3UUa3 J "2 ° 



>0 Ov t^ " 

■^ 1-1 ►^ w 






=P t^ -i- o 0\ 

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O tx Tf O 
i~, Tf rt M "I 

so 11 n ts 



•d3^ O 00 



OO >D 1-1 


>^ 1 


poooo 


Tt 


"^ (^ (s 


P4 



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1-^ t^ rf O -t 

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CO <*5 M 00 



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y y 


Precind 
Precinct 
Precinct 


Precinct 
Precinct 
Precinci 


Precinci 
Precinci 
Precinci 
Precinci 


Precinci 
Precinci 
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11 f< 






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li u 

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Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


Ward, 
Ward, 
Ward, 


c ^ ^ 


t^ «N t^ 


WM^ 


O. !?> Os OS 


ooo 



"ELECTION RETURNS. 



1^ 
U 



•uiaa 
'jadoojj 












H CO t^ PO 



w 0< ■rt- t> w O cq 

1-1 HI IH '^ 1-1 l-l l-l 



•uiaa 



O CO M 



K, 1-^ 00 COVO 
lO 0\ 00 tN.VO 
l^ M cq 1-1 1-1 






'ddcuix 



C0ro<0 "1-0\ Tfi-iVO 
(SMC) ^ CO c^ M n 



"^(^ 0\ Jt 1-100 « 
On M CO S O ON t% 



4j n 



•uiaa 
'uosiiA\ 



•uiao; 



•uiaa 

'uoi.iojvj 






•d3^ 

'q§nop[03 



•d3H 

'JIOIPQ 



o 


O On 


00 


M On 


M 


M M 



On 0\00 
t^ w On 
C^ M 1-1 



o 


ONOO 1 


00 


M 


On 


cs 


M 


"^ 



■* 


1-1 


lO 


lO Tt- 


1-1 


C^ 


N 


cs 



to ON lO 

rl- CO " 
cq ci M 



On Tt- 

Onno 



On NO 



On'* 

On lO 
•O CO 



VO lO t^ 
00 lO lO 

cq 1-1 1-1 



CO ■* to 
00 >o lO 

(N( IH M 



00 t^ lO 

^ o t^ 

CO CNl M 



O On CO 

r^oo tx 

CO IH IH 



t^ ON \f 1 


NO 


ON t^ 


CO 


IH IH 



o o t^ 

>0 MOO 

»^ IH 



C\, VONO 
Co IH 00 

t^ IH 



O M3NO 

■^ IH 00 

t^ IH 



►H IH t^ 


O OnOO M 
O M t^ M 


IH -^ CO 
IH W t^ 
IH IH 


oo On O CO 
Onc^jOO n 


\o ■* •* 

IH H t^ 
M IH 


O CO t^ IH 
'O M IH 


■<i- lo cNi 

M N lO 

W W IH 


HVO NOG 
On w O C^ 

CO M W W 


lO t^ N 
w oq lO 


■^NO OOO 

Ov w o pq 

CO M IH H 



O t^ M On -* ^ ON 

IH (N) lO Oo iH O CO 



W 

a 

O 

•z 
o 
U 



*3UUJ3(J 
•d9^ 

'Suxumz'j 



t^-* ^ \ 


Cv. M 


On 


M 0< 


" 



PhPhAh 

„ C^ CO 

>-' b b 

C^ CO TO 

■g IH M M 
*H UH IH IH 



lO o 

O^NO 

VO IH 



On Tt ON 1 


-*co 


IH 


N CN, 


cs 



'+NO00 
00 ^ ^ 

CN| M M 



IH PI fO 

u u u 

C3 CO CO 



oo IHOO 


On 


{s.NO^ 


O 
►-1 



NO 


Tfrt- 1 


VO 


M 


00 


CO C( 


H-t 



rj. IH tx oo 

NO c^ On !ri 



(IhPh 



CO CO CO 



•4-) 4-> 



^£2 



o u 



CNl N O '^VO lOVO 
1-1 CO lO On 1-1 O CN) 

„ M M PO „ M M 



^>^ ^^ hS 



13 gQpQ 
iS b o ^^ c 

•u s H <" 

> cO <U 1-5. 

o 



W 



x: 3'^ 

bo O CO 
3 )- C 

S" o 
pq flH 

Ij bo o 

1^ c y 

P4P^ 



S^ 



490 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



i-i 
O 

L 



'jadooij 



•daa 



•uiaa 
'BOB. 



lo m 



M >0 00 iH fO 



VO ■<tvO CTi 1-1 lO 
VO Ov '•1 m D Tj- 



"' W M (H C^ 1-1 M 



1-1 Ov o r>. lo >o 
t^ o i/^oo 1-1 m 

D M W 1- ll 



L 



'ddojqx 



0\ t-N to 
"^ 0\ fl 
N 1-1 « 



1-1 t^ 1-1 lovo 00 
>o lo t^ O VO VO 

" f) 1-1 N w 1-1 



•uiaa 
'uosji \Y 






V 

3 
C 

C S 
o .f, 
O 55 

I ' 



3 
O 

o 

fc. 
v 
u 






•UI3G 

'uo;jo]y[ 
•d3^ 



'qSnopio3 






I-IO 


00 ■*o 

O fOO 


On t^ 

rt lO 


O <*5 0\ 

>-< 1-4 




in o w 
00 « Th 

n M M 



t^oo 



aoo 

TfVO 



in ?^ M 

00 " Tf 
C) CI i-( 



in 


H 


n 


00 


M 


•* 


n 


?) 


H-t 



1-1 in m M moo 
00 1-1 M M N <*5 

ri i-( M i-i t-t 



mvo C^ t^vo 00 

l-l n 1-1 C^ l-« M 



t^ O in M M in 
in t^ 0\ t^vo 00 

>H M t-i tS M W 



t^ w t^ rq 00 m 
"1-vo Ov t>.inoo 
1-1 0* i-i n 1-1 1-1 



O 

o 
U 









1-1 t^ 
in in 



00 VO 


t^ n 


M 


o 


o\ o\ --i- a\ o\oo 


Tj-VO 


00 o 


Tl- 


<^ 


m tx o tx moo 


rtn 


r< c^ 


l^ 


^o 


W 1^) n n 1-1 M 



bc ■ • J o u -w 

Lh U O > «2 t/2 *J 

C-r- •-* 1^ .^ .^ (Tj 

r^ -1-1 +j r^ -^ I— 1 /— > 



^ bo 



0:3 j: c o 
■^ J2 tfi w= 



<u 



•c/) 



in 






ELECTION RETURNS. 



491 



w 

< 
o 
o 

OS 

(/I 



•marr y^ 5^ ?" 

'AJBQ i-i cs w 



'uiaBJOog IN w t^ 



V£> 00 N o o\ ■* o 
lo ■r)- ^^ w CO txvo 
lO M 1-1 M 



1-1 PO t^ t^ TtvO VO 

IT) t-t )-H »-( t-4 



f^ o ooooo fOTho\fOfOfot^ 



CMO fO O O M O fOVO fO o >o 
lH^^cs^^l-^^-^^o^t^^^^f^^-l 



w 

w 
en 

L 



'SSlAJ9g M M H 



'UBUXJB3 



•uiarr vooo u-> 
, '-J- \o 00 t^ 

'3SO^ M w w 



00 "O O) 

- vo ooo 

'UOUUBQ H (N w 



•maa 



"^-SQ vo oo t^ 
'XBAvaSpi'g w H « 



•d3>T VOOO lO 

. a. in rj- OS 



Tj- O w Cl lO 0\ <^ 
w lO O Tj- 00 lO lO 

lO t-t t-H l-H 



vo 1-1 o o vo fi po 
o t^vo i^ fooo «^ 

vo 1-1 w C^ l-< 



lo cs o 00 r^ >o 

i-i 1-1 c^ 



vo vo iH lo ■^ t-t o 
lO vo P) O t^ tx ID 
IT) 1-1 w C^ 



o o o\ O <^ O M 

CO vo >-l 1-1 t^ t^ lO 

lO 1-1 1-1 cs 



ch 00 oo t^ t^vo ■^■ 
O vo CO Ov tovo t^ 

lO 1-1 1-1 1-1 1-1 



o\ oooo vo t^oo T^ 

OS vo M 0\ POVO t^ 

LO 1-1 IH M l-l 



t^ \n OsVO O J^ iri 
0\ vo fO 0\ vo «^ t^ 

IT) M M l-l i-1 



01 IH 



r^ -^ in inoO vo o\ o> O 0\ lo T}- 
i-iOO00l^P4-*t^wMOin 

NMCsi-ic^toiHwMrqNcq 



Ovo 1-1 MVO roioO OvMVO rf- 
1-1 in ro M CO PO O inoo tJ- cs OO 
C^MMC^MWCOCs)Cs)CsiC^l-( 



ovo ovfOi-i fONvo CO Tj-oo m 
p) o OsOO t>» M Tj-oo 11 ro o in 
PiriwiHcscoi-iiHC^rifqcq 



P) cooo coo T)-0\cocq t-^N 0\ 
P) o Ovoo i^ p) cooo w CO M in 
rqc<t-ii-ic^coi-i>HNC)MC-i 



w coiOTj-inM wvo woo 1-1 m 
w w Ovoo N, (s) inoo M P4 w in 
orqiHMMcoi-ii-itSMt^cq 



00 covo i-i M Osvo c^ -^vo >-i " 
O in CO " Tt- c^ O -"too CO ts 00 

P)01Nr(„„(y5f^f^P)Ml-l 



vo -* tN. invo O w vo vo M CO CO 
M locow •*'*" Tt-O\-<tM00 
M 01 P) 01 M 11 CO M M CM PI 1-1 



VO -^vo N 00 inoO vo vo in tx O 
O in CO w CO CO O -^OO CO M 00 
MMP10)i-ii-icoNMMP<iH 



m -lUaQ 

M 'aauiBijuasspQ 



•* -rf PI O J^ t^ m 

i;!- 1-1 M p( 



POO mP1O00>-<Oi-'O>OOs 

1-1 o o 00 «^ M ■r^oo w po o m 

PlPlPti-iPlcOi-<>-iPlPl«^P) 



2 

o 



•d3^ 

'IPMOH 



00 


IH 


^ I 


vo 


in t^ 1 


M 


1-1 


PI 






bo 

o 



PO PO >* PI t^ t-1 1-1 
OS t>. P^ O •<*■ «^ t^ 
vo 1-1 1-1 PI 1-1 



en CO 



5 .a rt 
n! a ■!-> ■ 

(_, -4-1 o 



t/) u) tn 

Sqq 



inPl inrnpoN pi Ooo poi^Os 
w vo PO l-l ■* •* 1-1 inoO rj- M tx 

PlMPlP|>-ii-iPOPlMPlP»i-i 






■♦^ •!-> u_> j_i .4^ j_j "^^ -t^ '^^ •*-» "»— -^^ 

0000 u o.y o_o CJO o 

'C'CiU'C'C";!! i-'C ti'Cj-i'n 

f) </3 t/) (/) c/) (/)_<" ai_«3 fJ.JS "^ 

qppSqqQqqqqq 



S I- i- r c: c t^ vh vh V. V. u, I- 

"'-' .^ -tJ -»-> ,rt ,— „J ,^ -^ -fi -^ -^ -^ r^ 

wHipqMPOCO'^^in invo vo 



■i92 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



■uiaa 

♦XlEQ 



\o vo 00 'too ■<}■ o ^o o >- ■* ro 



•d3H 



\0 •*l^O>>-'00 ir>rr>t^ CO f^vO 
N •* r^ t^OO (S M O •* fO O ■* 



W 



'SSIAJ3S -.i-.ro ««i-iP)r<N 

.^-.^-r 0\ OvvO lO C\ t^\0 VO Tt «« Tj- 0\ 



i-.ro « « M C^ C^ 



•aso-g 



•maa 

'UOUUBQ 



00 o fo p» o ""-00 >-. 00 N t^ <^ 

, P) O O ro M 

Ml-. PJ N N 



•a 

V 

3 
C 

'^ 

C 

o 
O 

I 

c 

3 
O 

O 

X 

4) 
CO 
O 

■D z 

■- tJ 



•TTT3/T C^*^ CON.OVOOO'IOO l-l'i-O 

'^''U. v£>VOOfOt^POO\f<0 ►".fOP* 






t^ CO txOO Oi n c^ " -"^ \0 covo 
M p) n M N rq M 



-H D -1 K^ (^ n i-i 



•d3H 



U5 -utaQ 

w 'aauiBHuassxaQ 

o 






:« 






o 
> - » be E 

S c - '^ -« 
t; rt 5 S 



bi 



'r^; CT! 



71 rt o t; •:; 



(s Oi\0 r^ vcoo o o-. m io\o 00 
f4rot>»t^C\rOfO"-* POOCO 



vo 't M ►". o\ o\ >n pooo •-. ui po 

VO VO 0\ Tj-O PI 00 PI O O PO 1-. 

►H PO 1-. I-. P» N P< 



\o N r^oo o PO Ti-oo lo tx o I'l 

PI T}-t^t>^c>-*'^'-' 't -.a-'-'VO 
w -I M n '1 i-c PI p< « 



Ov 0\ Tt Tj- OvvO ■* 
00 P) VO O O vo O 
\0 P< PI PO N PI PI 



t^ PI u^ OvOO P< tx 

00 o " " PO i^ " 

lO CO PI N PI " PI 



O M PO txVO tx PO 

t^ rx PI po\o -"t t^ 

VO M P< PI >-• PI I-. 



00 0\ t^ PO lA tx o 

o 11 PO Tj- po\o o 

VO PO PI P^ PI " PI 



\0 Pl\0 -^00 >-. o 
\n 0\ POOO 0\ "^ On 
\0 I-. PI PI « PI «-. 



>H Tj- PO f^ Tj-oo 00 
\o PI PI to PI PI PI 



lO N \0 lOOO M •-. 

\o o\ POOO o\ I'j o\ 

VO IH PI PI l-l N W 



PO r^ PO w 00 •* >J^ 
VO PI PI PO rt t^ PI 
VO PO PI PI PI 1-1 PI 



lO 0\ 0\ Tj-OOOOVO 
O " PI " PO t^ PI 
VO PO PI P^ PI >-. PI 



0\ t^ Ov PI VOVO PO 

t^ 11 11 PI T}- t>. PI 

lO PO M PI PI II N 



Ov -* o PI PO PO PI 
Tj- 00 PO r^oo IT) o\ 

VO 11 PI PI 11 P^ 11 



P^ OiVO M ui O 
•* ■* rl-vO 00 PO 
PO PI PI PI 11 PI 



QQQ 
„ n PO 



'V'W V- ;- u 
^ i-i u rt rt rt 



« CIS -. 



■<-'__j=x:j: 



o 



VO 


GOO 00 


PI 


p< 


rx 


n 


Tl- tX>r> 


PI 


-i- 


PI 


n 


PO 


PI 


" 








00 


PO 


PO PI PO PO 


00 


VO 


Oivo ■* a> 


o> 


PO 




n —. 


" 


l^ 


n 








tx 


00 


POOvrtPI 


t 


n 


»1 


•*oo 


PI 


Ov 


PI 


PI 


>H 


PO 


VO 


•^ 








l^ 


>J 


•* 


-00 


PI 


„ 


o 


o\\o PO 


t-t 


n 


'I- 




tH IM 


PI 


M 










00 


„ 


t^t^lTlTt 


00 


m 


Ov*00 


rt 


'^l- 


PO 


n 


1^ 


PO 


00 


n 








l^ 


■<t 


»n tx VO PO 


„ 


00 


o 


too 


t 


t 


lO 


p< 


n 


PO 




M 








oo 


■<t 


PO t^vo 


PO 


o 


lO 


o 


■<too 


•* 


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PO 


p< 


n 


PO 


00 


" 








t^ 


00 


00 


POt^ PI 


OS 


PI 


O VO PO O 


o 


■* 


M 


n n 


PI 


»-" 










00 


rf 


— . 


rtt^ PO 


PO 


O 


O VO PO o 


t^ 


't 


n 


n n 


PI 


o 


n 








00 


PO 


l^Th t^po 


lO 


o 


0>\0 POO 


t 


■^ 




w n 


N 


o 


11 








00 


■<t 


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po-*o\ 


to 


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o 


Tl-00 


PO 


t^ 


PO 


PI 




PO 


VO 


n 








J^ 


■* 


POOO OvOO 


POOO 




Ovo POO 


rx 0\ 


ir> 


n 


»1 n 


PI 


fOVO 



u 


^^ 












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Q 


(-\ 



CL, 



C 
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ELECTION RETURNS. 



493 



•IU3Q O Tj-in 



•maa 



l^ T)- O O 0\ CV) 

^ O O Tt >-i in c^) 

'snpjBSog; n « w fo cm to 



«-) OS O rovo 00 ro in Ttvo O 



H'-it^t^'-ii-iOv-+ oo>-ivo 



ooo vovo 

•O M M t^) 



i<-)00 0\ OS 
•^ <si IN ■^ 
lO "-1 11 Ci 



c 
o 

o 



w 

K 

L 



'3puq5iai;>i 



MM M H (N 



'^='U. w osm 



'U0Sa3Jf3'3 M " 



•UI3Q; O t^m 



, ^ 1-1 00 00 

'uoiduieq^ « « i-, 



"^o- woo on 
'pUBtMOJJ M W H 



^^a. woo fo 

'UBUIJfOJJ www 



•uiarr 

'^ w o m 

'q^noiuuix N w w 



0\0 w 
CO M CO 



fO O w 
O VO 0) 
ro 04 oo 



00 C0\£) 

w \0 OO 
fO 0) OO 



'i- 01 o 
m 0) 01 

W Ht M 



O M t^ 0000 ^ 

cm o m w 

CO 04 oo 



O ^ oo oo invo so O oo O SO 
H O G\ t-^ in -^00 r}- so Jx O 
^04 w w w w 0) 



on 00 


■* 


M 


in ^ 


w 


OS 


00 


t^ 01 


r^ T)- oivo 


oo 


O 


OS 


o 


QSO 


o 


in 


01 


in in 


Oo 


Tf l^ Tt 


oo 


M 




01 


04 


01 


w 


•^ 


01 




lO 




I-H 


01 


M- 


t^ 


w 


oo 


OO -* O 


oo 


t^ 


01 so 


lO 


J_, 


00 


m 


oo 


OS 0\ Os O so 


o 


in 


w 


00 


■<t 


^9- 


w 


l-H 


•* 


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I-H 


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04 


01 


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^ 


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t-l 


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in 


MOO 


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OS l^ tv 


oi 


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OS O 


00 t^ O 


in 


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w 


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Os 0) 


'^ 


04 


04 


01 


" 


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t-4 


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t/i 



•riaxr ■* "+ m w 04 vo 

"^O. woooo vooooo 

'UM.OJ2 www w w 01 



in so 00 


O^oi i^w OsO OO" 


in 0) w 


OsO OsOst^inn t-s 


WHO) 


■^04 M WW 



oo 00 


i_ 


l-H 


04 


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04 


" 


04 



Osso 


Os 


Tl- 01 




l-t l-l 


04 



00 


00 04 


l-H 


in oo 


01 


w 01 



Os O 


OS 


►H\0 


04 


04 w 


04 



1^040000 OsiO'<tTf 

*;> M t^oo 00 vo 00 ■* 

°0 04 l-H l-l W l-H W 



OsVO Ooot^040-T)- w-*04 
oj OS 1-1 O Os in oooo M CO rf 

*^1-H1-11-H1-H l-Hl-H 041-104 



^ W « M 



^ us 1- 



y~- S'J\1^ -^ 

Hi M H 



m -lUSQ 

w 'jauiBnuasspQ 

o 

o 



•d3>r w os\o 



tn to 

0(3 






<;w 



t~^so vo 
Os in 1-1 
04 04 00 



Tj-" O 

so 00 00 

1-1 1-1 04 



tn tn m 

(5q5 

<" M 00 



.CIS 3 



0\ in •* :^ 04 00 04 
;g OS OS Os o vooo 

^^ W M HH 04 M 



IT) fOVO -rh 1-1 04 l-l 00 
0^ O OS OsOO m 00 t^ 
"<> 04 1-1 1-1 l-H 



.2 5 

p 

c 

S3 Vh 
I- v 

to 4; 



5?d 



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O rt cl '^ ^ 



i-iso ^ 
04 1-1 M 



en "5? <« 

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w 04 to 

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on H o 01 

^w fOTJ• 
^ w w 04 



'Jo 1-1 00 m 



?M 






494 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



o 
o 
« 

IK 






•uiarr o> n ■* 



D 00 "-i 00 

« >-i r< 



►H w r< 



5?> P< ^0 t^ 
>§ C»500 00 



t^ P4 ■^ O tv. ro lO 

W 1-1 CJ >-l M C\| "-> 



N r< 0^ O t^ >o Tf 
00 f< fC OM>. Tfvo 

ll >-• 04 HH N w 



Ck o -t ''^ 



•^ « 



■o 

4) 

3 
C 

c 
o 
O 



c 

3 
O 

O 



172 



•d3>j 



O) 



00 -"t tv 

O M ro 



•uiarr vo o\>o 



•uiarr ,!? ?^ S" 






'uoTduiBq3 w CO M 



•d3^ 



lO ro CO 
'pUBJMOJJ >-< CO !S 



•d3^ 



'UEUIj^JOJJ -> CO N 



'q;nouiui>j >- n >-> 



'J'^d. cooo o\ 
'uMOjg 'N ^ " 



W 'j3UtBqU3SSt3Q 

o 

o -dan 



u~.CO o 

n 1-1 w 



" t^oo 

00 O M 
i-i CO C< 



c8 efl 



2-^ 






o\ O in 0\ 
Ti- 1^ r^ cq 

CO 1- tS CO 



\0 t^ 'too 
01 0) <ooo 
w C^ 01 



own >-< o\ 

1-1 00 " 1^ 
w w 0» 



"1 CO ■* O 
0) O) CO 0\ 
1-1 0< 0< 



•-> O lO t^ 

Tt U^ ^ CO 
CO 1-1 01 CO 



■^ lO Tl- rj- 
CO 1-1 O) CO 



■* -"t •* ^ 

CO 11 0< CO 



lOOOOO N 
01 01 CO 1-1 
1-1 01 01 >H 



coo ^..N 

O CO 0\0 



CO CO 0\ CO OO co\0 '-' 
Tl-rfcoi- ^MrxCO 
CO 1-1 oq CO 



•* o\oo\o 

1-1 0\ o 0\ 
1-1 iH oq 



w ■<1- J^ 0\ N J^ 

lo in IT) 01 ^iioo*^ 



y y o cj 






CO en (/) c/> 

POPQ 

-M x! 

1-" 01 CO Tj- 






Of) 



t^ OvOOOOvO O Tj- 
^ O O OvOO t^ o 

l-l 1-1 CO H4 IH 01 »-l 



•*\0 01 o 1-1 VO J^ 

01 1-1 1-1 1-1 0\ 1-1 

01 1-1 CO 1-1 04 01 01 



vo\0 O 01 o 01 01 

lO 1-1 CO Ol >n 01 IT) 

1-1 IH 01 hH 01 t-1 



Tf lovo 01 vo CO O 

01 « « o 0> 01 

01 1-1 CO 11 01 01 01 



00 Tj- 01 -^ cooo 1-1 

CO O 01 1^ Tj- O 00 
1-1 1-1 01 i-i 1-1 01 >-i 



•*00 J^ o^ 1-1 ir, lo 

vo O COOO t^ CO Tf 

i-t »H 01 M H 01, H 



CO m in moo O co 

OO O 01 tx Tj- « CO 
i-i iH M i-t t-i 01 1-1 



in o 00 in Tj- Tf t^ 

00 o 00 •"• O 1-1 

01 1-1 CO 01 CO 01 



00 M CO tn •-" o >-i 

■rt- O Tf O lO w Tf 
M w 01 01 >-i 01 11 



t^ moo \o 00 0\ 1-1 
0» 1-1 vo O\00 m 0\ 

11 W 01 M 01 M 



01 OVO Tf OVO O 

Tf I-I cooo m I-I Tf 

H I-I 01 M »-i 01 »-i 



y o o o o o_y 



U5 en (/3 en (/) u; </5 

>• QQQQQQP 



^« 



>ooo o Tf 

tvx O " " 



t^vOOO CO 



NO 0\ O CO 



!^ « 



(VjVO MVO 

■^ 1-1 



§01 11 IX 
00 CO II 
C^l II 



y. 



> V- 



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ELECTION RETURNS. 



495 





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ELECTION RETURNS. 



■uiarT rom>-oo\o "t ovo >-i o 



.„ CL O >-• I^VO O O ►^vo CMO 






t^ ro ts. Ov o r^\o 



>->P)i-ii-cN wNi-i>-ci-ii-ii-i "-■ 



•uiaa 



i-c >-i 1-1 M 



O ■* N O O fO '-' 
Tj- IT) o> c*5 vo O "^ 

1-4 hH h4 M t-l l-l M 



uw^ Q ^ j^^ O t^ 00 Tj-00 ■* 



vo t^ N tx " a^ rxvo i/yvo ■>* M Tt o N o( Tj- cooo 
t^ i_ci-ii_i i-ir^MMr^MMi-ci-ii-ii-ii-i 



•marr m to n oo ""tvo tJ- id (^ n 

UOIU^BQ wwiH MCSi-ii-ii-''-' 



00 tx»r>tr>t»5N>-iOvO\'*t>.ii100O t^OO O N 0\ 
VO VO t^ •* o« lovo 0\ O J^ tvvo fO iDOO <OVO 11 f^ 

^ lll-l mNiH Nl-llHIHNl-lMf) 



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•da-ji o ID « 



t-il-l »-lCN4MtHMW 



PI t^ MOO 
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